United Nations

A/RES/43/26


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 November 1988

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                   A/RES/43/26
                                                   54th plenary meeting
                                                   17 November 1988
 
                         43/26.  Question of Namibia
 
                                      A
               Situation in Namibia resulting from the illegal
                 occupation of the Territory by South Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
 
     Recalling also its resolution 2145 (XXI) of 27 October 1966, by which it
terminated the Mandate of South Africa over Namibia and placed the Territory
under the direct responsibility of the United Nations,
 
     Recalling further its resolution 2248 (S-V) of 19 May 1967, by which it
established the United Nations Council for Namibia as the legal Administering
Authority for Namibia until independence,
 
     Having examined the report of the United Nations Council for Namibia,
 
     Having examined also the relevant chapter of the report of the Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
 
     Recalling other resolutions and decisions declaring the illegality of the
continued occupation of Namibia by South Africa, in particular Security
Council resolutions 284 (1970) of 29 July 1970 and 30l (1971) of
20 October 1971, and the advisory opinion of the International Court of
Justice of 21 June 1971,
 
     Recalling its resolutions 3111 (XXVIII) of 12 December 1973 and 31/146
and 31/152 of 20 December 1976, by which, inter alia, it recognized the South
West Africa People's Organization as the sole and authentic representative of
the Namibian people and granted observer status to it,
 
     Recalling also its resolutions ES-8/2 of 14 September 1981 and 36/121 B
of 10 December 1981, by which it called upon States to cease forthwith,
individually and collectively, all dealings with South Africa in order totally
to isolate it politically, economically, militarily and culturally,
 
     Recalling further the debates held at its special session on the question
of Namibia and its resolution S-14/1 of 20 September 1986, adopted at that
session, 
 
     Taking note of debates held by the Security Council from 28 to
30 October 1987 on the question of Namibia, and of its resolution 601 (1987)
of 30 October 1987,
 
     Welcoming the final documents and communiques of the Assembly of Heads of
State and Government of the Organization of African Unity at its twenty-fourth
ordinary session, held at Addis Ababa from 25 to 28 May 1988, the Fifth
Islamic Summit Conference, held at Kuwait from 26 to 29 January 1987, the
Conference of Foreign Ministers of Non-Aligned Countries, held at Nicosia from
7 to 10 September 1988, the Council of Ministers of the Organization of
African Unity at its forty-seventh and forty-eighth ordinary sessions, held at
Addis Ababa from 22 to 27 February 1988 and from 19 to 23 May 1988,
respectively, the Seminar on the International Responsibility for Namibia's
Independence, held at Istanbul, Turkey, from 21 to 25 March 1988, and the
Seminar on Efforts to Implement the United Nations Plan for the Independence
of Namibia, held at Toronto, Canada, from 7 to 11 September 1988,
 
     1.   Approves the report of the United Nations Council for Namibia;
 
     2.   Reaffirms the inalienable right of the people of Namibia to
self-determination, freedom and national independence in a united Namibia, in
accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and as recognized by the
General Assembly in its resolutions 1514 (XV) and 2145 (XXI) and in subsequent
resolutions of the Assembly relating to Namibia;
 
     3.   Strongly condemns the South African regime for its continued illegal
occupation of Namibia in defiance of the resolutions of the United Nations
relating to Namibia;
 
     4.   Declares that South Africa's illegal occupation of Namibia
constitutes an act of aggression against the Namibian people in terms of the
Definition of Aggression contained in General Assembly resolution 3314 (XXIX)
of 14 December 1974, and supports the legitimate struggle of the Namibian
people by all means at their disposal, under the leadership of the South West
Africa People's Organization, to repel South Africa's aggression and to
achieve self-determination, freedom and national independence in a united
Namibia; 
 
     5.   Declares also that the liberation struggle in Namibia is a conflict
of an international character in terms of article 1, paragraph 4, of
Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and demands
that South Africa accord prisoner-of-war status to all captured freedom
fighters as called for by the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of
Prisoners of War and the Additional Protocol thereto;
 
     6.   Reiterates that, in accordance with its resolution 2145 (XXI),
Namibia is the direct responsibility of the United Nations until genuine
self-determination and national independence are achieved in the Territory and
reaffirms the mandate of the United Nations Council for Namibia as the legal
Administering Authority for Namibia until independence under its
resolution 2248 (S-V) and subsequent resolutions of the General Assembly;
 
     7.   Reaffirms its decision that the United Nations Council for Namibia,
in pursuance of its mandate, should proceed to establish its administration in
Namibia with a view to terminating racist South Africa's illegal occupation of
the Territory;
 
     8.   Also reaffirms that the South West Africa People's Organization, the
national liberation movement of Namibia, is the sole and authentic
representative of the Namibian people and only with its direct and full
participation can the genuine independence of Namibia be achieved;
 
     9.   Solemnly reaffirms that Namibia's independence must be with its
territorial integrity intact, including Walvis Bay, the Penguin Islands and
other offshore islands, and reiterates that, in accordance with the
resolutions of the United Nations, any attempt by South Africa to annex them
is, therefore, illegal, null and void;
 
     10.  Calls upon the Security Council to declare categorically that Walvis
Bay is an integral part of Namibia and that the question should not be left as
a matter for negotiation between an independent Namibia and South Africa;
 
     11.  Reaffirms its solidarity with, and support for, the South West
Africa People's Organization, the sole and authentic representative of the
Namibian people, and pays tribute to that organization for the sacrifices that
it has made in the field of battle and also for the spirit of statesmanship,
co-operation and far-sightedness that it has displayed in the political and
diplomatic arena despite the most extreme provocations on the part of the
racist Pretoria regime;
 
     12.  Commends the South West Africa People's Organization for its
continued intensification of the struggle on all fronts, including the armed
struggle, and for its commitment to embrace all Namibian patriots in an effort
further to strengthen national unity so as to ensure the territorial integrity
and sovereignty of a united Namibia, and welcomes the consolidation of unity
in action by the patriotic forces in Namibia, as clearly demonstrated by the
combined actions of workers, youth, students, parents, churches and various
professional organizations during this critical phase of their struggle for
national and social liberation;
 
     13.  Reaffirms that the United Nations plan for the independence of
Namibia, embodied in Security Council resolutions 385 (1976) of
30 January 1976 and 435 (1978) of 29 September 1978, is the only
internationally accepted basis for a peaceful settlement of the Namibian
question and demands its immediate implementation without pre-condition or
modification;
 
     14.  Strongly condemns South Africa for obstructing the implementation of
the resolutions of the United Nations, in particular Security Council
resolutions 385 (1976), 435 (1978), 439 (1978) of 13 November 1978, 532 (1983)
of 31 May 1983, 539 (1983) of 28 October 1983, 566 (1985) of 19 June 1985 and
601 (1987), and for its manoeuvres, in contravention of these resolutions,
designed to consolidate its colonial and neo-colonial interests at the expense
of the legitimate aspirations of the Namibian people for genuine
self-determination, freedom and national independence in a united Namibia;
 
     15.  Expresses its dismay at the failure to date of the Security Council
to discharge effectively its responsibilities for the maintenance of peace and
security in southern Africa, owing to the vetoes of two of its Western
permanent members;
 
     16.  Urges the Security Council to act decisively in fulfilment of the
direct responsibility of the United Nations over Namibia and to take, without
further delay, appropriate action to ensure that the United Nations plan, as
embodied in Council resolution 435 (1978), is not undermined or modified in
any way and that it is fully respected and implemented;
 
     17.  Reiterates its conviction that racist South Africa's continued
illegal occupation of Namibia, its defiance of the resolutions of the United
Nations, its brutal repression of the Namibian people, its acts of
destabilization and aggression against independent African States and its
policies of apartheid constitute a threat to international peace and security;
 
     18.  Denounces all fraudulent constitutional and political schemes by
which the illegal racist regime of South Africa attempts to perpetuate its
colonial domination of Namibia, and, in particular, calls upon the
international community to refrain from according any recognition or extending
any co-operation to any regime imposed by the illegal South African
administration upon the Namibian people in violation of Security Council
resolutions 385 (1976), 435 (1978), 439 (1978), 532 (1983), 539 (1983),
566 (1985) and 601 (1987) and of other relevant resolutions of the General
Assembly and of the Council;
 
     19.  Strongly condemns the Pretoria regime for the imposition of the
so-called interim government in Namibia on 17 June 1985, declares this measure
null and void and affirms that it constitutes a direct affront and a clear
defiance of the resolutions of the Security Council, particularly resolutions
435 (1978) and 439 (1978), and further affirms that this manoeuvre by South
Africa of creating puppet institutions subservient to the interests of the
racist regime is intended to consolidate Pretoria's colonial stranglehold over
Namibia and to prolong the oppression of the Namibian people;
 
     20.  Reiterates that there are only two parties to the conflict in
Namibia, namely, the Namibian people represented by the South West Africa
People's Organization, their sole and authentic representative, and the racist
regime of South Africa, which illegally occupies Namibia;
 
     21.  Strongly rejects and condemns the persistent attempts made by the
Pretoria regime and its ally to establish a "linkage" between the
implementation of Security Council resolution 435 (1978) and extraneous and
irrelevant issues, particularly the presence of Cuban forces in Angola, which
is a ploy intended to delay the independence of Namibia and to jeopardize the
responsibility of the United Nations for this Territory and constitutes
interference in the internal affairs of that independent and sovereign State;
 
     22.  Expresses its appreciation to the front-line States and the South
West Africa People's Organization for their statesmanlike and constructive
attitude in the efforts aimed at implementing Security Council resolution
435 (1978);
 
     23.  Rejects all attempts to distort the question of Namibia by
portraying it as part of a global East-West confrontation rather than one of
decolonization that must be resolved in accordance with the provisions of the
Charter and the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples;
 
     24.  Firmly condemns and rejects the policy of "constructive engagement",
which encourages the racist regime of South Africa to continue its defiance of
the decisions of the international community on Namibia, and its policy of
apartheid, which is a crime against humanity;
 
     25.  Strongly condemns the continuing collaboration between South Africa
and certain Western and other States in the political, economic, diplomatic,
military, cultural and financial fields, and expresses its conviction that
such collaboration helps to prolong South Africa's domination and control over
the people and Territory of Namibia;
 
     26.  Deplores, in this context, the establishment and operation by racist
South Africa of the so-called Namibia information offices in France, the
Federal Republic of Germany, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland and the United States of America, aimed at legitimizing its puppet
institutions in Namibia, in particular the so-called interim government for
which the racist regime has been condemned by the Security Council and the
international community, and demands their immediate closure;
 
     27.  Strongly condemns also the sinister and slanderous campaign of
disinformation by the racist regime of South Africa and its agents, including
the so-called International Society for Human Rights, against the just
struggle of the Namibian people for self-determination and national
independence;
 
     28.  Notes with appreciation the measures taken by some States,
international organizations, parliamentarians, institutions and
non-governmental organizations to exert pressure on the racist regime of South
Africa and calls upon them to redouble and intensify their efforts to force
the racist regime to comply with the resolutions and decisions of the United
Nations relating to Namibia and South Africa;
 
     29.  Calls once again upon all Governments, especially those that have
close links with South Africa, to support, in co-operation with the United
Nations Council for Namibia, the actions of the United Nations to defend the
national rights of the Namibian people until independence and to isolate the
racist regime of South Africa;
 
     30.  Urges Governments that have in the past used their veto or cast
negative votes in the Security Council in regard to the question of the
imposition of comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against South Africa to
support and respond positively to the international call to isolate racist
South Africa;
 
     31.  Calls upon the members of the European Economic Community to
strengthen and extend, as a matter of urgency, the economic sanctions that
they have imposed on the Pretoria regime, so as to include their application
to illegally occupied Namibia;
 
     32.  Calls upon the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, as a
measure of its recognition of the direct responsibility of the United Nations
over Namibia and the United Nations Council for Namibia as the sole legal
Administering Authority for the Territory until independence, to discontinue
all programmes of development aid and assistance to illegally occupied
Namibia, and urges all States to consult the United Nations Council for
Namibia regarding any such assistance, in order to ensure that it will not
prolong the illegal occupation of Namibia by the Pretoria regime and the
colonial institutions in the Territory;
 
     33.  Strongly condemns South Africa for its use of mercenaries to
suppress the Namibian people and to carry out its military attacks against
independent African States, and reiterates its call upon all States to take
legislative and other appropriate measures to prohibit the recruitment,
training, financing and transit of mercenaries for service in Namibia;
 
     34.  Strongly condemns South Africa for its military buildup in Namibia,
its imposition of military conscription of all Namibian males between
seventeen and fifty-five years of age into the occupying colonial army, its
forcible displacement of Namibians from their homes and its proclamation of a
so-called security zone in Namibia, and declares that all such measures taken
by racist South Africa are illegal, null and void;
 
     35.  Demands once again that South Africa immediately release all
Namibian political prisoners, including all those imprisoned or detained under
the so-called internal security laws, martial law or any other arbitrary
measures, whether such Namibians have been charged or tried or are being held
without charge in Namibia or South Africa;
 
     36.  Demands that South Africa account for all "disappeared" Namibians
and declares that South Africa shall be liable to compensate the victims,
their families and the future lawful Government of an independent Namibia for
the losses sustained;
 
     37.  Calls upon Member States to render sustained and increased support,
as well as material, financial, military and other assistance, to the South
West Africa People's Organization so as to enable it to intensify its struggle
for the liberation of Namibia;
 
     38.  Calls upon the specialized agencies and other organizations of the
United Nations system to render sustained and increased material, financial
and other assistance to the South West Africa People's Organization so as to
enable it to intensify its struggle for the liberation of Namibia;
 
     39.  Urges all Governments and the specialized agencies and other
intergovernmental organizations to provide increased material assistance to
the thousands of Namibian refugees who have been forced by the oppressive
policies of the apartheid regime to flee Namibia, especially into the
neighbouring front-line States;
 
     40.  Reaffirms its conviction that the solidarity and support of the
front-line States for the Namibian cause continue to be factors of paramount
importance in the efforts to bring genuine independence to the Territory;
 
     41.  Strongly condemns the racist regime of South Africa for its
utilization of the illegally occupied international Territory of Namibia as a
springboard for perpetrating armed invasions, subversion, destabilization and
aggression against neighbouring African States, in particular Angola;
 
     42.  Denounces the acts of aggression by the racist regime against
Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe, declares that the Pretoria
regime's policy of aggression and destabilization not only undermines the
peace and stability of the southern African region but also constitutes a
threat to international peace and security, and calls upon South Africa to
cease all acts of aggression against the neighbouring African States;
 
     43.  Strongly urges the international community to increase, as a matter
of urgency, humanitarian assistance and financial, material, military and
political support to the front-line States so as to enable them to resolve
their own economic difficulties, which are largely a consequence of the
Pretoria regime's policies of aggression and subversion, and to defend
themselves better against South Africa's persistent attempts to destabilize
them;
 
     44.  Requests Member States urgently to extend all necessary assistance
to Angola and other front-line States in order to enable them to strengthen
their defence capacities against acts of aggression by South Africa;
 
     45.  Expresses its grave concern at the acquisition of nuclear-weapon
capability by the racist regime of South Africa and declares that such
acquisition constitutes a threat to peace and security in Africa while posing
a danger to all mankind;
 
     46.  Condemns, and calls for an immediate end to, the continuing military
collaboration on the part of certain Western countries with the racist regime
of South Africa, and expresses its conviction that such collaboration, in
addition to strengthening the aggressive military machinery of the Pretoria
regime, thereby constituting a hostile action against the people of Namibia
and the front-line States, is also in violation of the arms embargo imposed
against South Africa under Security Council resolution 418 (1977) of
4 November 1977;
 
     47.  Declares that such collaboration encourages the Pretoria regime in
its defiance of the international community and obstructs efforts to eliminate
apartheid and bring South Africa's illegal occupation of Namibia to an end,
and calls for the immediate cessation of such collaboration;
 
     48.  Calls upon the Security Council to adopt the necessary measures to
tighten the arms embargo imposed against South Africa under Council resolution
418 (1977), to ensure its application to illegally occupied Namibia and to
ensure strict compliance with the embargo by all States;
 
     49.  Further calls upon the Security Council to implement, as a matter of
urgency, the recommendations contained in the report of the Security Council
Committee established in pursuance of Council resolution 421 (1977) of
9 December 1977;
 
     50.  Condemns all collaboration with the Pretoria regime in the nuclear
field, and calls upon all States that do so to terminate such collaboration,
including refraining from supplying the racist minority regime of South
Africa, directly or indirectly, with installations, equipment or material that
might enable it to produce uranium, plutonium or other nuclear materials or
reactors;
 
     51.  Endorses the decision taken by the United Nations Council for
Namibia that it will, in the exercise of its rights under the United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Sea, proclaim an exclusive economic zone for
Namibia, the outer limit of which shall be 200 miles, and states that any
action for the implementation of that decision should be taken in consultation
with the South West Africa People's Organization, the representative of the
Namibian people;
 
     52.  Reaffirms that the natural resources of Namibia, including its
marine resources, are the inviolable heritage of the Namibian people, and
expresses its deep concern at the depletion of these resources, particularly
its uranium deposits, as a result of their plunder by South Africa and certain
Western and other foreign economic interests, in violation of the pertinent
resolutions of the General Assembly and of the Security Council, of Decree
No. 1 for the Protection of the Natural Resources of Namibia, enacted by the
United Nations Council for Namibia on 27 September 1974, and in disregard of
the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice of 21 June 1971;
 
     53.  Declares that all activities of foreign economic interests in
Namibia are illegal under international law and that all the foreign economic
interests operating in Namibia are liable to pay damages to the future
legitimate Government of an independent Namibia;
 
     54.  Calls upon the United Nations Council for Namibia, in pursuance of
the relevant provisions of Decree No. 1 for the Protection of the Natural
Resources of Namibia, to continue to take the necessary steps to compile
statistical information on the wealth illegally extracted from Namibia with a
view to assessing the extent of compensation eventually due to an independent
Namibia; 
 
     55.  Strongly condemns the activities of all foreign economic interests
operating in Namibia which are illegally exploiting the resources of the
Territory, and demands that these interests comply with all the relevant
resolutions and decisions of the United Nations by immediately withdrawing
from the Territory and by putting an end to their co-operation with the
illegal South African administration;
 
     56.  Declares that, by their incessant exploitation of the human and
natural resources of the Territory and their continued accumulation and
repatriation of huge profits, the foreign economic, financial and other
interests operating in Namibia constitute a major obstacle to its
independence;
 
     57.  Once again requests all Member States, particularly those States
whose corporations are engaged in the exploitation of Namibian resources, to
take all appropriate measures, including legislative and enforcement action,
to ensure the full application of, and compliance by all corporations and
individuals within their jurisdiction with, the provisions of Decree No. 1 for
the Protection of the Natural Resources of Namibia;
 
     58.  Calls upon the Governments of all States, particularly those whose
corporations are involved in the mining and processing of Namibian uranium, to
take all appropriate measures in compliance with resolutions and decisions of
the United Nations and Decree No. 1 for the Protection of the Natural
Resources of Namibia, including the practice of requiring negative
certificates of origin, to prohibit State-owned and other corporations,
together with their subsidiaries, from dealing in Namibian uranium and from
engaging in any uranium-prospecting activities in Namibia;
 
     59.  Reiterates its approval of the initiation by the United Nations
Council for Namibia of legal proceedings in the domestic courts of States
against corporations or individuals involved in the exploitation, transport,
processing or purchase of Namibia's natural resources, as part of its efforts
to give effect to Decree No. 1 for the Protection of the Natural Resources of
Namibia; 
 
     60.  Requests the Governments of the Federal Republic of Germany, the
Netherlands and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,
which operate the Urenco uranium-enrichment plant, to have Namibian uranium
specifically excluded from the Treaty of Almelo, which regulates the
activities of Urenco;
 
     61.  Urges the United Nations Council for Namibia, in its capacity as the
legal Administering Authority for Namibia until independence, to consider the
promulgation of additional legislation in order to protect and promote the
interests of the people of Namibia and to implement effectively all its
legislation;
 
     62.  Calls upon all specialized agencies, in particular the International
Monetary Fund, to ensure the termination of all collaboration with, and
assistance to, the racist regime of South Africa, since such assistance serves
to augment the military capability of the Pretoria regime, thus enabling it
not only to continue the brutal repression in Namibia and South Africa itself,
but also to commit acts of aggression against independent neighbouring States;
 
     63.  Requests all States that have not already done so, pending the
imposition of comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against South Africa, to
take legislative, administrative and other measures individually and
collectively, as appropriate, in order effectively to isolate South Africa
politically, economically, militarily and culturally, in accordance with
General Assembly resolutions ES-8/2 and 36/121 B, and its resolution 37/233 A
of 20 December 1982;
 
     64.  Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia, in its
implementation of paragraph 15 of General Assembly resolution ES-8/2 and of
the relevant provisions of Assembly resolutions 36/121 B and 37/233 A, to
continue to monitor the boycott of South Africa and to submit to the Assembly
at its forty-fourth session a comprehensive report on all contacts between
Member States and South Africa containing an analysis of the information
received from Member States and other sources on the continuing political,
economic, financial and other relations of States and their economic and other
interest groups with South Africa and of measures taken by States to terminate
all dealings with the racist regime of South Africa;
 
     65.  Requests all States to co-operate fully with the United Nations
Council for Namibia in the fulfilment of its task concerning the
implementation of General Assembly resolutions ES-8/2, 36/121 B and 37/233 A
and to report to the Secretary-General by the forty-fourth session of the
Assembly on the measures taken by them in the implementation of those
resolutions;
 
     66.  Strongly urges the Security Council, in view of the persistent
refusal by the racist regime of South Africa to comply with the resolutions
and decisions of the United Nations on the question of Namibia, particularly
Council resolutions 385 (1976), 435 (1978), 539 (1983) and 566 (1985), and, in
the light of the serious threat to international peace and security posed by
South Africa, to impose comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against that
regime as provided for in Chapter VII of the Charter;
 
     67.  Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary-General for his personal
commitment to Namibia's independence and for his efforts aimed at the
implementation of resolutions and decisions of the United Nations on the
question of Namibia, particularly Security Council resolution 435 (1978), and
urges him to continue those efforts;
 
     68.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at
its forty-fourth session on the implementation of the present resolution.
 
                                      B
           Implementation of Security Council resolution 435 (1978)
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Noting that the Secretary-General has reported that all the necessary
conditions for the implementation of Security Council resolution 435 (1978) of
29 September 1978 have already been fulfilled,
 
     Indignant that ten years after the adoption of Security Council
resolution 435 (1978) the Namibian people have not yet exercised their right
to self-determination and attained independence;
 
     Expressing grave concern at the lack of progress in implementing Security
Council resolution 435 (1978), as indicated in the further reports of the
Secretary-General dated 29 December 1983, 6 June 1985, 6 September 1985, 26
November 1985, 31 March 1987 and 27 October 1987 concerning the implementation
of Council resolution 435 (1978) and resolution 439 (1978) of 13 November
1978,
 
     Recalling Security Council resolution 601 (1987) of 30 October 1987 by
which the Council, inter alia, decided to authorize the Secretary-General to
proceed to arrange a cease-fire between South Africa and the South West Africa
People's Organization in order to undertake the administrative and other
practical steps necessary for the emplacement of the United Nations Transition
Assistance Group,
 
     1.   Reiterates that Security Council resolutions 385 (1976) of
30 January 1976 and 435 (1978), embodying the United Nations plan for the
independence of Namibia, constitute the only internationally accepted basis
for a peaceful settlement of the question of Namibia and demands their
immediate and unconditional implementation;
 
     2.   Strongly condemns racist South Africa for obstructing the
implementation of Security Council resolutions 385 (1976), 435 (1978), 439
(1978), 532 (1983) of 31 May 1983, 539 (1983) of 28 October 1983, 566 (1985)
of 19 June 1985 and 601 (1987);
 
     3.   Demands that South Africa urgently comply fully and unconditionally
with the resolutions of the Security Council, in particular resolutions
385 (1976) and 435 (1978) and subsequent resolutions of the Council relating
to Namibia;
 
     4.   Emphasizes once again that the only parties to the conflict in
Namibia are, on the one hand, the Namibian people represented by the South
West Africa People's Organization, their sole and authentic representative,
and, on the other, the racist regime of South Africa which illegally occupies
the Territory;
 
     5.   Strongly condemns the racist regime of South Africa for the
installation of a so-called interim government in Namibia on 17 June 1985, in
defiance of resolutions and decisions of the United Nations, and declares this
measure null and void, and reiterates its call upon the international
community to continue to refrain from according any recognition or extending
any co-operation to any regime imposed by the illegal South African
administration upon the Namibian people;
 
     6.   Firmly rejects and condemns the persistent attempts to establish a
"linkage" or "parallelism" between the independence of Namibia and any
extraneous and irrelevant issues, in particular the presence of Cuban forces
in Angola, and emphasizes unequivocally that all such attempts are designed to
delay further the independence of Namibia in accordance with Security Council
resolution 435 (1978), and that they constitute a gross and unwarranted
interference in the internal affairs of Angola;
 
     7.   Urgently calls upon the international community to act resolutely
against the intransigent stance of the Pretoria regime, and stresses the
responsibility of the Security Council concerning the implementation of its
resolutions on Namibia in view of the threat to regional and international
peace and security created by the racist regime of South Africa;
 
     8.   Notes with satisfaction the statement by the Security Council on the
occasion of the tenth anniversary of the adoption of resolution 435 (1978) in
which the members of the Council, inter alia, strongly urged South Africa to
comply forthwith with the resolutions and decisions of the Security Council,
particularly resolution 435 (1978), and to co-operate with the
Secretary-General in its immediate, full and definitive implementation;
 
     9.   Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary-General for his personal
commitment to the independence of Namibia and for his efforts aimed at the
implementation of resolutions and decisions of the United Nations on the
question of Namibia, particularly Security Council resolution 435 (1978), and
urges him to continue those efforts;
 
     10.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at
its forty-fourth session on the implementation of the present resolution.
 
                                      C
         Programme of work of the United Nations Council for Namibia
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having examined the report of the United Nations Council for Namibia,
 
     Convinced of the need for continued consultations with the South West
Africa People's Organization in the formulation and implementation of the
programme of work of the United Nations Council for Namibia, as well as in any
matter of interest to the Namibian people,
 
     1.   Approves the report of the United Nations Council for Namibia,
including the recommendations contained therein, and decides to make adequate
financial provision for their implementation;
 
     2.   Decides that the United Nations Council for Namibia, in the
discharge of its responsibilities as the legal Administering Authority for
Namibia until independence, shall:
 
     (a)  Continue to mobilize international support in order to press for the
speedy withdrawal of the illegal South African administration from Namibia in
accordance with the resolutions of the United Nations relating to Namibia;
 
     (b)  Counter the policies of South Africa against the Namibian people and
the United Nations, as well as against the United Nations Council for Namibia
as the legal Administering Authority for Namibia;
 
     (c)  Denounce and seek the rejection by all States of all kinds of
schemes through which South Africa attempts to perpetuate its illegal presence
in Namibia;
 
     (d)  Ensure non-recognition of any administration or entity installed in
Namibia not ensuing from free elections conducted under the supervision and
control of the United Nations, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of
the Security Council, in particular resolutions 385 (1976) of 30 January 1976,
435 (1978) of 29 September 1978, 439 (1978) of 13 November 1978, 532 (1983) of
31 May 1983, 539 (1983) of 28 October 1983, 566 (1985) of 19 June 1985, and
601 (1987) of 30 October 1987;
 
     (e)  Make a concerted effort to counter the attempts to establish a
"linkage" or "parallelism" between the independence of Namibia and extraneous
issues, such as the withdrawal of Cuban forces from Angola;
 
     3.   Decides that the United Nations Council for Namibia shall hold
extraordinary plenary meetings in Latin America or southern Africa and that
such meetings shall be provided with verbatim records;
 
     4.   Decides that the United Nations Council for Namibia shall send
missions of consultation to Governments in order to co-ordinate efforts for
the implementation of resolutions of the United Nations on the question of
Namibia and to mobilize support for the Namibian cause;
 
     5.   Decides further that the United Nations Council for Namibia shall
represent Namibia at United Nations conferences and meetings of
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, bodies and conferences
to ensure that the rights and interests of Namibia shall be adequately
protected;
 
     6.   Decides that Namibia, represented by the United Nations Council for
Namibia, shall participate as a full member in all conferences and meetings
organized by the United Nations to which all States or, in the case of
regional conferences and meetings, all African States are invited;
 
     7.   Requests all committees and other subsidiary bodies of the General
Assembly and of the Economic and Social Council to continue to invite the
United Nations Council for Namibia to participate whenever the rights and
interests of Namibians are discussed, and to consult closely with the United
Nations Council for Namibia before submitting any draft resolution that may
involve such rights and interests;
 
     8.   Reiterates its request to all specialized agencies and other
organizations of the United Nations system to grant full membership to
Namibia, represented by the United Nations Council for Namibia, so that the
Council may participate as the legal Administering Authority for Namibia in
the work of those agencies and organizations;
 
     9.   Reiterates its request to all specialized agencies and other
organizations of the United Nations system that have not yet done so to grant
a waiver of the assessment of Namibia during the period in which it is
represented by the United Nations Council for Namibia;
 
     10.  Again requests all intergovernmental organizations, bodies and
conferences to ensure that the rights and interests of Namibia are protected
and to invite Namibia, represented by the United Nations Council for Namibia,
to participate as a full member, whenever such rights and interests are
involved;
 
     11.  Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia, in its capacity as
the legal Administering Authority for Namibia, to accede to any international
conventions as it may deem appropriate in close consultation with the South
West Africa People's Organization;
 
     12.  Decides that the United Nations Council for Namibia shall:
 
     (a)  Consult regularly with the leaders of the South West Africa People's
Organization by inviting them to New York and by sending high-level missions
to the provisional headquarters of that organization, which will visit
Namibian refugee centres whenever necessary;
 
     (b)  Prepare and publish reports on the political, economic, military,
legal and social situation in and relating to Namibia;
 
     (c)  Review the progress of the liberation struggle in Namibia in its
political, military and social aspects and prepare comprehensive and
analytical periodic reports related thereto;
 
     (d)  Review the compliance of Member States with the relevant resolutions
and decisions of the United Nations relating to Namibia and, taking into
account the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice of
21 June 1971, prepare annual reports on the subject with a view to
recommending appropriate policies to the General Assembly, in order to counter
the support that some States give to the illegal South African administration
in Namibia;
 
     (e)  Continue taking measures to ensure the full implementation of Decree
No. l for the Protection of the Natural Resources of Namibia, including legal
proceedings in the domestic courts of States, in accordance with paragraph 59
of resolution 43/26 A;
 
     (f)  Consider the illegal activities of foreign economic interests,
particularly the transnational corporations operating in Namibia, including
the exploitation of and trade in Namibian uranium, with a view to recommending
appropriate policies to the General Assembly, in order to put an end to such
activities;
 
     (g)  Take measures to ensure the closure of the so-called information
offices created by the illegal South African occupation regime in certain
Western countries for promoting its puppet institutions in Namibia, in
violation of resolutions and decisions of the United Nations on the question
of Namibia;
 
     (h)  Notify the Governments of States whose corporations, whether public
or private, operate in Namibia of the illegality of such operations and urge
them to take measures to end such operations;
 
     (i)  Consider sending missions of consultation to Governments of States
whose corporations have investments in Namibia in order to persuade them to
take all possible measures to terminate such investments;
 
     (j)  Contact institutions and municipalities to encourage them to divest
themselves of their investments in Namibia and South Africa;
 
     (k)  Contact specialized agencies and other international institutions
associated with the United Nations, in particular the International Monetary
Fund, with a view to protecting Namibia's interests;
 
     (l)  Draw the attention of States, the specialized agencies and private
corporations to Decree No. 1 for the Protection of the Natural Resources of
Namibia, with a view to ensuring their compliance with the Decree;
 
     (m)  Organize international and regional activities, as required, in
order to obtain relevant information on all aspects of the situation in and
relating to Namibia, in particular the exploitation of the people and
resources of Namibia by South African and other foreign economic interests,
and to expose such activities, with a view to intensifying active support for
the Namibian cause;
 
     (n)  Secure the territorial integrity of Namibia as a unitary State,
including Walvis Bay, the Penguin Islands and other offshore islands of
Namibia; 
 
     13.  Decides to make adequate financial provision in the section of the
programme budget of the United Nations relating to the United Nations Council
for Namibia for the financing of the office of the South West Africa People's
Organization in New York, in order to ensure appropriate representation of the
people of Namibia at the United Nations through the South West Africa People's
Organization;
 
     14.  Decides to continue to defray the expenses of representatives of the
South West Africa People's Organization, whenever the United Nations Council
for Namibia so decides;
 
     15.  Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to continue to
consult with the South West Africa People's Organization in the formulation
and implementation of its programme of work, as well as on all matters of
interest to the Namibian people;
 
     16.  Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to facilitate the
participation of the liberation movements recognized by the Organization of
African Unity in meetings of the Council away from United Nations
Headquarters, whenever such participation is deemed necessary;
 
     17.  Decides that, in order to expedite the training of the personnel
required for an independent Namibia, qualified Namibians should be given
opportunities to develop further their skills in the work of the United
Nations Secretariat and the specialized agencies and other organizations of
the United Nations system, and authorizes the United Nations Council for
Namibia, in consultation with the South West Africa People's Organization, to
take, on an urgent basis, necessary action towards that end;
 
     18.  Takes note of the consolidation of the Office of the United Nations
Commissioner for Namibia and the secretariat of the United Nations Council for
Namibia and in this regard requests the Secretary-General, in consultation
with the President of the United Nations Council for Namibia, to ensure that
the Council is provided with adequate secretariat assistance to help it to
continue to discharge fully and effectively all tasks and functions arising
out of its mandate.
                                      D
                Dissemination of information and mobilization of
                international public opinion in support of the
                      immediate independence of Namibia
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Gravely concerned at the total black-out of news on Namibia imposed by
the illegal regime of South Africa, in particular regarding the increased
repression of the Namibian people by that regime,
 
     Gravely concerned at the campaign of slander and disinformation against
the United Nations and the liberation struggle of the Namibian people for
self-determination and national independence led by the South West Africa
People's Organization, their sole and authentic representative,
 
     Stressing the urgent need to mobilize international public opinion on a
continuous basis with a view to assisting effectively the people of Namibia in
the achievement of self-determination, freedom and independence in a united
Namibia and, in particular, to intensify the world-wide and continuous
dissemination of information on the struggle for liberation being waged by the
people of Namibia under the leadership of the South West Africa People's
Organization,
 
     Reiterating the importance of intensifying publicity on all aspects of
the question of Namibia as an instrument for furthering the mandate given by
the General Assembly to the United Nations Council for Namibia,
 
     Recognizing the important role that non-governmental organizations are
playing in the dissemination of information on Namibia and in the mobilization
of international public opinion in support of the immediate independence of
Namibia, 
 
     1.   Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia, in co-operation
with the Department of Public Information of the Secretariat and in
consultation with the South West Africa People's Organization, the sole and
authentic representative of the Namibian people, in pursuance of its
international campaign in support of the struggle of the Namibian people for
national independence:
 
     (a)  To continue to consider effective ways and means of increasing the
dissemination of information relating to Namibia in order to intensify the
international campaign in favour of the cause of Namibia;
 
     (b)  To focus its activities towards greater mobilization of public
opinion in Western countries, particularly the United States of America, the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Federal Republic
of Germany, as well as in Japan;
 
     (c)  To counteract the total news black-out on Namibia imposed by the
illegal South African regime, which forbids foreign journalists from entering
and reporting from the Territory;
 
     (d)  To intensify the international campaign for the imposition of
comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against South Africa under Chapter VII
of the Charter of the United Nations;
 
     (e)  To organize an international campaign to boycott products from
Namibia and South Africa, in co-operation with non-governmental organizations;
 
     (f)  To expose and denounce collaboration with the racist regime of South
Africa in all fields;
 
     (g)  To organize exhibitions on Namibia and the struggle of the Namibian
people for independence;
 
     (h)  To prepare and disseminate publications on the political, economic,
military and social consequences of the illegal occupation of Namibia by South
Africa, on legal matters, on the question of the territorial integrity of
Namibia and on contacts between Member States and South Africa;
 
     (i)  To prepare periodic reports on the brutalities committed by the
racist regime of South Africa against the Namibian people and ensure their
widest possible distribution;
 
     (j)  To produce and disseminate radio and television programmes designed
to draw the attention of world public opinion to the current situation in and
around Namibia;
 
     (k)  To produce and disseminate, in both the English language and the
local languages of Namibia, radio programmes designed to counter the hostile
propaganda and disinformation campaign of the racist regime of South Africa;
 
     (l)  To produce and disseminate posters;
 
     (m)  To ensure full coverage through advertisements in newspapers and
magazines, press releases, press conferences and press briefings of all
activities of the United Nations regarding Namibia in order to maintain a
constant flow of information to the public on all aspects of the question of
Namibia; 
 
     (n)  To prepare and disseminate a thematic atlas on Namibia;
 
     (o)  To reproduce and disseminate the comprehensive economic map of
Namibia; 
 
     (p)  To produce and disseminate booklets on the activities of the
Council; 
 
     (q)  To update and disseminate widely a compendium of resolutions of the
General Assembly and of the Security Council relating to Namibia and of
relevant documents of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries and the
Organization of African Unity, as well as decisions, declarations and
communiques of the front-line States on the question of Namibia;
 
     (r)  To update, publicize and distribute the indexed reference book on
transnational corporations that plunder the human and natural resources of
Namibia, and on the profits they extract from the Territory;
 
     (s)  To produce and disseminate widely, on a monthly basis, a bulletin
containing analytical and updated information intended to mobilize maximum
support for the Namibian cause;
 
     (t)  To produce and disseminate, on a weekly basis, an information
newsletter containing updated information on developments in and relating to
Namibia, in support of the Namibian cause;
 
     (u)  To acquire books, pamphlets and other materials relating to Namibia
for dissemination;
 
     (v)  To prepare, in consultation with the South West Africa People's
Organization, a list of Namibian political prisoners;
 
     (w)  To assist the South West Africa People's Organization in the
production and distribution of material on Namibia;
 
     2.   Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to continue to
organize, in co-operation with the Department of Public Information, media
encounters on developments relating to Namibia, particularly prior to
activities of the Council during 1989;
 
     3.   Further requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to exert all
efforts to counteract the campaign of slander and disinformation against the
United Nations and the liberation struggle in Namibia carried out by South
African agents from the so-called information offices established in several
Western countries;
 
     4.   Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to co-operate
closely with relevant intergovernmental organizations, in order to increase
the awareness of the international community of the direct responsibility of
the United Nations over Namibia and the continued illegal occupation of that
Territory by the racist regime of South Africa;
 
     5.   Calls upon the United Nations Council for Namibia to continue to
co-operate with non-governmental organizations in its efforts to mobilize
international public opinion in support of the liberation struggle of the
Namibian people, under the leadership of the South West Africa People's
Organization;
 
     6.   Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to prepare, update
and disseminate lists of non-governmental organizations, in particular those
in the major Western countries, in order to ensure better co-operation and
co-ordination among non-governmental organizations working in support of the
Namibian cause and against apartheid;
 
     7.   Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to organize
workshops for non-governmental organizations, parliamentarians, trade
unionists, academics and media representatives at which the participants will
consider how they can contribute to the implementation of the decisions of the
United Nations relating to the dissemination of information on Namibia;
 
     8.   Decides to allocate the sum of $500,000 to be used by the United
Nations Council for Namibia for its programme of co-operation with
non-governmental organizations, including support to conferences and workshops
in solidarity with Namibia arranged by those organizations, dissemination of
conclusions of such conferences and workshops and support to such other
activities as will promote the cause of the liberation struggle of the
Namibian people, subject to decisions to be taken by the Council in each
individual case in consultation with the South West Africa People's
Organization;
 
     9.   Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to continue to
contact and inform leading opinion makers, media leaders, academic
institutions, trade unions, legislators and parliamentarians, cultural
organizations, support groups and other concerned persons and non-governmental
organizations about the objectives and functions of the United Nations Council
for Namibia and the struggle of the Namibian people under the leadership of
the South West Africa People's Organization;
 
     10.  Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to co-operate with
the specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system
in the promotion of a campaign of information on the question of Namibia, in
their respective fields;
 
     11.  Appeals to non-governmental organizations and associations,
institutions, support groups and individuals sympathetic to the Namibian
cause:
 
     (a)  To increase the awareness of their national communities and
legislative bodies concerning South Africa's illegal occupation of Namibia,
the liberation struggle being waged by the Namibian people under the
leadership of the South West Africa People's Organization, the gross violation
of basic human rights by the South African regime in Namibia and the plunder
of the Territory's resources by foreign economic interests;
 
     (b)  To mobilize in their countries broad public support for the national
liberation of Namibia by holding hearings, seminars and public presentations
on various aspects of the Namibian question, as well as by producing and
distributing pamphlets, films and other information material;
 
     (c)  To expose and campaign against the political, economic, financial,
military and cultural collaboration of certain Western Governments with the
South African regime, as well as official visits to and from South Africa;
 
     (d)  To intensify public pressure for the immediate withdrawal from
Namibia of foreign economic interests that are exploiting the human and
natural resources of the Territory;
 
     (e)  To continue and develop campaign and research work, in order to
expose the involvement and operations of certain Western-based oil companies
in the supply of petroleum products to Namibia and South Africa;
 
     (f)  To step up their efforts to persuade universities, local
governments, trade unions and churches and other institutions to divest
themselves of all investments in firms doing business in Namibia and South
Africa;
 
     (g)  To intensify the campaign for the immediate and unconditional
release of all Namibian political prisoners and detainees and the granting of
prisoner-of-war status to all Namibian freedom fighters, in accordance with
the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War and the
Additional Protocol thereto;
 
     12.  Requests Member States to broadcast programmes on their national
radio and television networks and to publish material in their official news
media about the situation in and around Namibia and the obligation of
Governments and peoples to assist in every possible way in the struggle of the
Namibian people for independence;
 
     13.  Requests all Member States to observe Namibia Day in a befitting
manner by giving the widest possible publicity to and ensuring the
dissemination of information on the struggle of the people of Namibia,
including the issuance of special postage stamps for the occasion;
 
     14.  Requests the Secretary-General to direct the Department of Public
Information to assist the United Nations Council for Namibia in the
implementation of its programme of dissemination of information and to ensure
that all activities of the United Nations on dissemination of information on
the question of Namibia follow the policy guidelines laid down by the United
Nations Council for Namibia as the legal Administering Authority for the
Territory;
 
     15.  Requests the Secretary-General to continue to assist, as a matter of
priority, the United Nations Council for Namibia in the implementation of its
programme of dissemination of information;
 
     16.  Requests the Secretary-General to provide the United Nations Council
for Namibia with the work programme of the Department of Public Information
for 1989 covering the activities of dissemination of information on the
question of Namibia, followed by periodic reports on the programme undertaken,
including details of expenses incurred;
 
     17.  Requests the Secretary-General to direct the Department of Public
Information to disseminate, in 1989, the list of Namibian political prisoners
prepared by the United Nations Council for Namibia in consultation with the
South West Africa People's Organization, in order to intensify international
pressure for their immediate and unconditional release.
 
                                      E
                       United Nations Fund for Namibia
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having examined the parts of the report of the United Nations Council for
Namibia relating to the United Nations Fund for Namibia,
 
     Recalling its resolution 2679 (XXV) of 9 December 1970, by which it
established the United Nations Fund for Namibia,
 
     Recalling also its resolution 3112 (XXVIII) of 12 December 1973, by which
it appointed the United Nations Council for Namibia trustee of the United
Nations Fund for Namibia,
 
     Recalling its resolution 31/153 of 20 December 1976, by which it decided
to launch the Nationhood Programme for Namibia,
 
     Recalling further its resolution 34/92 A of 12 December 1979, by which it
approved the charter of the United Nations Institute for Namibia, and its
resolution 37/233 E of 20 December 1982, by which it approved amendments to
the charter,
 
     1.   Takes note of the relevant parts of the report of the United Nations
Council for Namibia;
 
     2.   Decides that the United Nations Council for Namibia shall:
 
     (a)  Continue to formulate policies of assistance to Namibians and
co-ordinate assistance for Namibia provided by the specialized agencies and
other organizations and institutions of the United Nations system;
 
     (b)  Continue to act as trustee of the United Nations Fund for Namibia
and, in this capacity, administer and manage the Fund;
 
     (c)  Continue to provide broad guidelines and formulate principles and
policies for the United Nations Institute for Namibia;
 
     (d)  Continue to co-ordinate, plan and direct the Nationhood Programme
for Namibia, in consultation with the South West Africa People's Organization,
with the aim of consolidating all measures of assistance by the specialized
agencies and other organizations and institutions of the United Nations system
into a comprehensive assistance programme;
 
     (e)  Continue to consult with the South West Africa People's Organization
in the formulation and implementation of assistance programmes for Namibians;
 
     (f)  Report to the General Assembly at its forty-fourth session on the
programmes and activities undertaken through the United Nations Fund for
Namibia; 
 
     3.   Decides that the United Nations Fund for Namibia, which comprises
the General Account, the United Nations Institute for Namibia Account and the
Nationhood Programme Account, shall be the primary source of development
assistance to Namibians;
 
     4.   Expresses its appreciation to all States, specialized agencies and
other organizations of the United Nations system, governmental and
non-governmental organizations and individuals that have made contributions to
the United Nations Fund for Namibia to support the activities under the
General Account, the activities of the United Nations Institute for Namibia
and the Nationhood Programme for Namibia, and calls upon them to increase
their assistance to Namibians through those channels;
 
     5.   Requests the Secretary-General and the President of the United
Nations Council for Namibia to intensify appeals to Governments,
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and individuals for more
generous voluntary contributions to the General Account, the Nationhood
Programme Account and the United Nations Institute for Namibia Account of the
United Nations Fund for Namibia in view of the increased activities undertaken
through the Fund for Namibia, and, in this connection, emphasizes the need for
contributions in order to increase the number of scholarships awarded to
Namibians under the United Nations Fund for Namibia;
 
     6.   Invites Governments to appeal once more to their national
organizations and institutions for voluntary contributions to the United
Nations Fund for Namibia;
 
     7.   Decides to allocate as a temporary measure to the United Nations
Fund for Namibia the sum of $1.5 million from the regular budget of the United
Nations for 1989;
 
     8.   Requests the United Nations Commissioner for Namibia, in order to
mobilize additional resources, to continue to formulate, in consultation with
the South West Africa People's Organization, projects of assistance to the
Namibian people to be co-financed by Governments and non-governmental
organizations;
 
     9.   Requests the specialized agencies and other organizations and
institutions of the United Nations system, in the light of the urgent need to
strengthen the programmes of assistance to the Namibian people, to make every
effort to expedite the execution of projects under the Nationhood Programme
for Namibia and other projects in favour of Namibians on the basis of
procedures which will reflect the role of the United Nations Council for
Namibia as the legal Administering Authority for Namibia;
 
     10.  Expresses its appreciation to those specialized agencies and other
organizations and institutions of the United Nations system that have
contributed to the Nationhood Programme for Namibia, and calls upon them to
continue their participation in the Programme by:
 
     (a)  Implementing projects approved by the United Nations Council for
Namibia; 
 
     (b)  Planning and initiating new project proposals in co-operation with,
and at the request of, the Council;
 
     (c)  Allocating funds from their own financial resources for the
implementation of the projects approved by the Council;
 
     11.  Commends the progress made in the implementation of the
pre-independence components of the Nationhood Programme for Namibia, and
requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to continue to elaborate and
consider policies and contingency plans regarding the transitional and
post-independence phases of the Programme;
 
     12.  Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to continue and to
intensify its field attachment programme, enabling Namibians trained under
various programmes to gain practical on-the-job experience in Governments and
institutions in diverse countries, particularly in Africa;
 
     13.  Appeals to all Governments, specialized agencies and other
organizations and institutions of the United Nations system, non-governmental
organizations and individuals to make generous contributions to the United
Nations Fund for Namibia in order to support the field attachment programme
and to meet its financial requirements;
 
     14.  Expresses its appreciation to the United Nations Development
Programme for its increased contribution to the financing and administration
of the Nationhood Programme for Namibia and the financing of the United
Nations Institute for Namibia, and calls upon it to continue to allocate, at
the request of the United Nations Council for Namibia, funds from the
indicative planning figure for Namibia for the projects under the Nationhood
Programme and for the Institute, taking into consideration that Namibia
remains a unique responsibility of the United Nations, and to exercise maximum
flexibility and understanding in approving projects funded from the indicative
planning figure;
 
     15.  Expresses its appreciation for the assistance provided by the United
Nations Children's Fund, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees and the World Food Programme to Namibian refugees, and requests
them to expand their assistance in order to provide for the basic needs of the
refugees;
 
     16.  Expresses its appreciation to those specialized agencies and other
organizations of the United Nations system which have waived agency support
costs in respect of projects in favour of Namibians, financed from the United
Nations Fund for Namibia and other sources, and urges those that have not yet
done so to take appropriate steps in this regard;
 
     17.  Decides that Namibians shall continue to be eligible for assistance
through the United Nations Educational and Training Programme for Southern
Africa and the United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa;
 
     18.  Commends the United Nations Institute for Namibia for the
effectiveness of its training programmes for Namibians and its research
activities on Namibia, which contribute substantially to the struggle for
freedom of the Namibian people and to the establishment of an independent
State of Namibia;
 
     19.  Urges the specialized agencies and other organizations and
institutions of the United Nations system to co-operate closely with the
United Nations Institute for Namibia in strengthening its programme of
activities;
 
     20.  Requests the United Nations Council for Namibia, in consultation
with the South West Africa People's Organization, to finalize and publish, at
an early date, a demographic study of the Namibian population;
 
     21.  Requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide the Office of
the United Nations Commissioner for Namibia with the necessary resources for
the performance of the responsibilities entrusted to it by the United Nations
Council for Namibia as the co-ordinating authority for the implementation of
the Nationhood Programme for Namibia, as well as other assistance programmes.