United Nations

A/RES/42/113


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

7 December 1987

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/42/113
                                                       93rd plenary meeting
                                                       7 December 1987
 
       International campaign against drug abuse and illicit trafficking
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Conscious of the adverse effects of the global problem of drug abuse,
illicit production of and trafficking in drugs and psychotropic substances,
both on individuals, in that it has pernicious physical and psychological
effects and limits creativity and the full development of human potential, and
in relation to States, as it is a threat to their security and is prejudicial
to their democratic institutions and their economic, social, legal and
cultural structures,
 
     Considering that the situation continues to deteriorate, owing, inter
alia, to the growing interrelationship between drug trafficking and
transnational criminal organizations that are responsible for much of the drug
traffic and abuse of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and for the
increase in violence and corruption, which injure society,
 
     Recognizing the collective responsibility of States for providing
appropriate resources for the elimination of illicit production and
trafficking and of the abuse of drugs and psychotropic substances,
 
     Recognizing also that measures to prevent and control supply and to
combat illicit trafficking can be effective only if they take into
consideration the close link between illicit production, transit and abuse of
drugs and the social, economic and cultural conditions in the States affected,
and that they must be formulated and implemented in the context of States'
social and economic policy, taking due account of community traditions,
harmonious development and conservation of the environment,
 
     Recognizing once again that transit routes used by drug traffickers are
constantly shifting and that an increasing number of countries in all regions
of the world and even entire areas, because of their geographical location and
other considerations, are particularly vulnerable to the illicit transit
traffic, 
 
     Considering that regional and international co-operation is required in
order to reduce the vulnerability of States and regions to the illicit transit
traffic and to provide necessary support and assistance, particularly to
countries hitherto unaffected,
 
     Taking into account the need to reaffirm the effectiveness of human,
moral and spiritual values for preventing the consumption of narcotic drugs,
at the national and international levels, through information, guidance and
educational activities,
 
     Considering the importance of the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse
Control in its role as a catalyst in the United Nations system, and that it
has become one of the major sources of multilateral financing for technical
co-operation programmes in the context of the international campaign against
abuse of and illicit trafficking in drugs and psychotropic substances,
 
     Recognizing that the policy adopted by the Fund for the formulation of
so-called master plans takes into account the principal social, economic and
cultural factors of countries, as well as their national and regional
programmes, and that in those plans both donor countries and recipients of
technical assistance are actively involved in concerted action with a view to
combating the problem at all stages,
 
     Taking note of the close link existing between Governments, public
institutions and the Fund and the United Nations Development Programme, in
co-ordination with other organizations of the United Nations system concerned
with controlling abuse of drugs and psychotropic substances,
 
     Recalling its resolution 41/127 of 4 December 1986 and other relevant
resolutions of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs and of the Economic and Social
Council adopted to advance the international campaign against abuse of and
illicit traffic in drugs and psychotrophic substances,
 
     1.   Condemns unequivocally once again drug trafficking in all its
forms - illicit production, processing, marketing and consumption - as a
criminal activity and requests all States to pledge their political will in a
concerted and universal struggle to achieve its complete and final
elimination;
 
     2.   Urges States to acknowledge that they share responsibility for
combating the problem of illicit consumption, production, transit and
trafficking and therefore to encourage international co-operation in the
struggle to eliminate illicit production and trafficking and abuse of drugs
and psychotropic substances, in accordance with the relevant international and
national norms;
 
     3.   Acknowledges the constant and determined efforts of Governments at
the national, regional and international levels to cope with the increase in
drug abuse and illicit drug trafficking and its increasingly close links with
other forms of organized international criminal activities;
 
     4.   Notes with appreciation the unanimous adoption of the Declaration
and the adoption by consensus of the Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Outline
of Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control by the International Conference on
Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, and urges States to apply the
recommendations contained in those documents in a determined and sustained
manner;
 
     5.   Takes note of the First Meeting of Heads of National Drug Law
Enforcement Agencies, African Region, held at Addis Ababa from 30 March to
3 April 1987, the First Meeting of Heads of National Drug Law Enforcement
Agencies, Latin American and Caribbean Region, held at Santiago from
28 September to 2 October 1987, and the Meeting of the Heads of National Drug
Law Enforcement Agencies, Asia and the Pacific Region, held at Tokyo from
30 November to 4 December 1987, and requests the Commission on Narcotic Drugs
to consider their recommendations at its tenth special session, in order to
determine the specific measures required for implementation thereof, for
possible adoption by the Economic and Social Council at its next session;
 
     6.   Encourages States to use the meetings of the working group of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs for the purpose of exchanging experiences in
their struggle against the illicit transit of drugs and psychotropic
substances and to increase regional and interregional co-operation on this
aspect;
 
     7.   Reiterates once again its request to the Secretary-General to
continue to make the necessary arrangements for holding, within the framework
of advisory services, interregional seminars on the experience gained within
the United Nations system in integrated rural development programmes that
include the substitution of illegal crops in affected areas, including the
Andean region;
 
     8.   Commends the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control for the
productive work that it has done as one of the main bodies of the United
Nations system providing technical co-operation in the field of drug abuse,
and encourages it to continue its activities, paying particular attention to
applications from developing countries, at the request of the latter;
 
     9.   Calls upon all States to continue and increase their political
support of and financial contributions to the Fund, and encourages its
Executive Director to continue systematically and consistently strengthening
the activities of the Fund in affected countries and regions, so as to enable
them to combat all aspects of the problem effectively;
 
     10.  Endorses Economic and Social Council resolution 1987/32 of
26 May 1987;
 
     11.  Requests the Secretary-General to take steps to ensure that the
Department of Public Information of the Secretariat includes in its
publications information designed to prevent the abuse of narcotic drugs,
especially by young people;
 
     12.  Calls upon the Governments of countries facing problems of drug
abuse, particularly those most seriously affected, as part of their national
strategy, to take the necessary measures to reduce significantly the illicit
demand for drugs and psychotropic substances with the aim of creating in
society a deep respect for its own health, fitness and well-being and to
provide appropriate information and advice for all sectors of their
communities with regard to drug abuse, its harmful effects and the way in
which appropriate community action can be promoted;
 
     13.  Requests the Secretary-General to take steps to provide, within
existing resources, appropriate support for strengthening the Division of
Narcotic Drugs and the International Narcotics Control Board, including
through redeployment;
 
     14.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at
its forty-third session on the implementation of the present resolution and
decides to include in its agenda the item entitled "International campaign
against traffic in drugs".