United Nations

A/RES/42/37


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

30 November 1987

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                 A/RES/42/37
                                                 84th plenary meeting
                                                 30 November 1987
 
              Chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons
                                       A
              Chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons
 
       The General Assembly,
 
          Recalling its previous resolutions relating to the complete and
 effective prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of all
 chemical weapons and of their destruction,
 
          Reaffirming the urgent necessity of strict observance by all States
 of the principles and objectives of the Protocol for the Prohibition of the
 Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological
 Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925, and of the adherence by
 all States to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production
 and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their
 Destruction, signed in London, Moscow and Washington on 10 April 1972,
 
          Taking note of the Final Document of the Second Review Conference of
 the Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development,
 Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons
 and on Their
 Destruction, adopted by consensus on 26 September 1986, and in particular of
 article IX of the Final Declaration of the Conference,
 
          Having considered the report of the Conference on Disarmament, which
 incorporates, inter alia, the report of its Ad Hoc Committee on Chemical
 Weapons, and noting that following the precedents set over the past three
 years, consultations are continuing during the inter-sessional period, thus
 increasing the time devoted to negotiations,
 
          Convinced of the necessity that all efforts be exerted for the
 continuation and successful conclusion of negotiations on the prohibition of
 the development, production, stockpiling and use of all chemical weapons and
 on their destruction,
 
          Noting the bilateral and other discussions, including the ongoing
 exchange of views between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the
 United States of America in the framework of the multilateral negotiations, on
 issues related to the prohibition of chemical weapons,
 
          Noting further with appreciation the efforts made at all levels by
 States to facilitate the earliest conclusion of a convention and, in
 particular, the concrete steps designed to promote confidence and to
 contribute directly to that goal,
 
          Wishing to encourage Member States to take further initiatives to
 promote confidence and openness in the negotiations and to provide further
 information to facilitate prompt resolution of outstanding issues, thus
 contributing to an early agreement on the convention on the prohibition of the
 development, production, stockpiling and use of all chemical weapons and on
 their destruction,
 
          1.   Takes note with satisfaction of the work of the Conference on
 Disarmament during its 1987 session regarding the prohibition of chemical
 weapons, and in particular appreciates the progress in the work of its Ad Hoc
 Committee on Chemical Weapons on that question and the tangible results
 recorded in its report;
 
          2.   Expresses again none the less its regret and concern that
 notwithstanding the progress made in 1987, a convention on the complete and
 effective prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of
 all chemical weapons and on their destruction has not yet been elaborated;
 
          3.   Urges again the Conference on Disarmament, as a matter of high
 priority, to intensify, during its 1988 session, the negotiations on such a
 convention and to reinforce further its efforts by, inter alia, increasing the
 time during the year that it devotes to such negotiations, taking into account
 all existing proposals and future initiatives, with a view to the final
 elaboration of a convention at the earliest possible date, and to re-establish
 its Ad Hoc Committee on Chemical Weapons for this purpose with the mandate to
 be agreed upon by the Conference at the beginning of its 1988 session;
 
          4.   Requests the Conference on Disarmament to report to the General
 Assembly at its forty-third session on the results of its negotiations.
 
                                B
       Second Review Conference of the Parties to the Convention
       on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and
       Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons
       and on Their Destruction
 
          The General Assembly,
 
          Recalling its resolution 2826 (XXVI) of 16 December 1971, in which it
 commended the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and
 Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their
 Destruction and expressed the hope for the widest possible adherence to the
 Convention,
 
          Recalling its resolution 39/65 D of 12 December 1984, in which it
 noted that, at the request of a majority of States parties to the Convention,
 a second Review Conference of the Parties to the Convention would be held in
 1986,
 
          Recalling that the States parties to the Convention met at Geneva
 from 8 to 26 September 1986 to review the operation of the Convention with a
 view to assuring that the purposes of the preamble to and the provisions of
 the Convention, including the provisions concerning negotiations on chemical
 weapons, were being realized,
 
          Recalling also its resolution 41/58 A of 3 December 1986, in which
 it, inter alia, noted with appreciation that on 26 September 1986, the Second
 Review Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the
 Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and
 Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction adopted by consensus a Final
 Declaration,
 
          Noting with satisfaction that, at the time of the Second Review
 Conference of the Parties to the Convention, there were more than a hundred
 States parties to the Convention, including all the permanent members of the
 Security Council,
 
          1.   Notes with appreciation that, in accordance with the Final
 Declaration of the Second Review Conference of the Parties to the Convention
 on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of
 Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction, an
 Ad Hoc Meeting of Scientific and Technical Experts from States parties to the
 Convention was held at Geneva from 31 March to 15 April 1987, which adopted by
 consensus a report finalizing the modalities for the exchange of information
 and data agreed to in the Final Declaration, thus enabling States parties to
 follow a standardized procedure;
 
          2.   Notes that the Ad Hoc Meeting of Scientific and Technical
 Experts from States parties to the Convention agreed in its report that the
 first exchange of information and data should take place not later than
 15 October 1987 and that thereafter information to be given on an annual basis
 should be provided through the Department for Disarmament Affairs of the
 Secretariat not later than 15 April;
 
          3.   Notes with satisfaction that the first such exchange of
 information and data has commenced;
 
          4.   Requests the Secretary-General to render the necessary
 assistance and to provide such services as may be required for the
 implementation of the relevant parts of the Final Declaration;
 
          5.   Calls upon all signatory States that have not ratified or
 acceded to the Convention to do so without delay, and also calls upon those
 States which have not yet signed the Convention to join the States parties
 thereto at an early date, thus contributing to the achievement of universal
 adherence to the Convention and to international confidence.
 
                                       C
        Measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol and
           to support the conclusion of a chemical weapons convention
 
          The General Assembly,
 
          Recalling the provisions of the Protocol for the Prohibition of the
 Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological
 Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925, and other relevant rules
 of customary international law,
 
          Recalling also the necessity of the adherence by all States to the
 Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling
 of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction,
 signed in London, Moscow and Washington on 10 April 1972,
 
          Reiterating its concern over reports that chemical weapons have been
 used and over indications of their emergence in an increasing number of
 national arsenals, as well as over the growing risk that they may be used
 again,
 
          Noting with satisfaction that the Conference on Disarmament is
 actively engaged in negotiating a convention on the prohibition of the
 development, production, stockpiling and use of all chemical weapons and on
 their destruction, including detailed provisions for the on-site verification
 of compliance with the convention, and expressing its support for the early
 and successful conclusion of those negotiations,
 
          Noting also that prompt and impartial investigation of reports of
 possible use of chemical and bacteriological weapons would further enhance the
 authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol,
 
          Expressing its appreciation for the work of the Secretary-General,
 and noting the procedures available to him in support of the principles and
 objectives of the 1925 Geneva Protocol,
 
          1.   Renews its call to all States to observe strictly the principles
 and objectives of the 1925 Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of
 Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of
 Warfare, and condemns all actions that violate this obligation;
 
          2.   Urges all States to be guided in their national policies by the
 need to curb the spread of chemical weapons;
 
          3.   Recognizes the need, upon the entry into force of a chemical
 weapons convention, to review the modalities available to the
 Secretary-General for the investigation of reports of the possible use of
 chemical weapons;
 
          4.   Requests the Secretary-General to carry out investigations in
 response to reports that may be brought to his attention by any Member State
 concerning the possible use of chemical and bacteriological (biological) or
 toxin weapons that may constitute a violation of the 1925 Geneva Protocol or
 other relevant rules of customary international law in order to ascertain the
 facts of the matter, and to report promptly the results of any such
 investigation to all Member States;
 
          5.   Requests the Secretary-General, with the assistance of qualified
 experts provided by interested Member States, to develop further technical
 guidelines and procedures available to him for the timely and efficient
 investigation of such reports of the possible use of chemical and
 bacteriological (biological) or toxin weapons;
 
          6.   Also requests the Secretary-General, in meeting the objectives
 set forth in paragraph 4 above, to compile and maintain lists of qualified
 experts provided by Member States whose services could be made available at
 short notice to undertake such investigations, and of laboratories with the
 capability to undertake testing for the presence of agents the use of which is
 prohibited;
 
          7.   Further requests the Secretary-General, in meeting the
 objectives of paragraph 4 above:
 
          (a)  To appoint experts to undertake investigation of the reported
 activities;
 
          (b)  Where appropriate, to make the necessary arrangements for
 experts to collect and examine evidence and to undertake such testing as may
 be required;
 
          (c)  To seek, in any such investigation, assistance as appropriate
 from Member States and the relevant international organizations;
 
          8.   Requests Member States and the relevant international
 organizations to co-operate fully with the Secretary-General in the
 above-mentioned work;
 
          9.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report to the General
 Assembly at its forty-third session on the implementation of the present
 resolution.