United Nations

A/RES/41/90


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

4 December 1986

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/41/90
                                                       4 December 1986
                                                       96th plenary meeting
 
              Review of the Implementation of the Declaration on
              the Strengthening of International Security
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having considered the item entitled "Review of the implementation of the
Declaration on the Strengthening of International Security",
 
     Noting with concern that the provisions of the Declaration on the
Strengthening of International Security have not been fully implemented,
 
     Recalling the duty of States not to intervene in the internal or external
affairs of any State, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the
Charter of the United Nations,
 
     Recalling the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning
Friendly Relations and Co-operation among States in accordance with the
Charter of the United Nations, the Declaration on the Inadmissibility of
Intervention and Interference in the Internal Affairs of States, and the
Manila Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes,
 
     Profoundly disturbed by the escalation to new levels of the arms race,
particularly in nuclear weapons, and the danger of its extension into outer
space, by the policy of competition for spheres of influence, domination and
exploitation, by the increasing recourse to the use or threat of use of force,
military intervention and interference, aggression and foreign occupation, by
the intensification and expansion of the scope and frequency of manoeuvres and
other military activities, by the aggravation of existing crises in the world,
by the continued infringement of the independence, sovereignty and territorial
integrity of countries, by the denial of the right to self-determination of
peoples under colonial and foreign occupation and by attempts to characterize
erroneously the struggles of peoples for independence and human dignity as
falling within the context of East-West confrontation, thus denying them the
right to self-determination, to decide their own destiny and realize their
legitimate aspirations, by the persistence of colonialism, racism and
apartheid supported by the growing use of military force, and by the lack of
solutions to the world economic crisis in which the deeper underlying problems
of a structural nature have been compounded by cyclical factors and which has
further aggravated the inequalities and injustices in international economic
relations, all of which pose a grave threat to global peace and security,
 
     Aware of the increasing interdependence among nations and of the fact
that in the present-day world there is no alternative to a policy of peaceful
coexistence, detente and co-operation among States on the basis of equality,
irrespective of their economic or military power, political and social systems
or size and geographic location,
 
     Convinced that a comprehensive and just solution to pressing
international problems, such as achieving peace and security, disarmament and
development, can be assured only through negotiations, based on the principles
of the Charter of the United Nations, in which all countries participate on an
equal footing,
 
     Reaffirming the role of the United Nations as an indispensable forum for
negotiations and reaching agreements on measures to promote and strengthen
international peace and security,
 
     Stressing the need for the main organs of the United Nations responsible
for the maintenance of peace and security, particularly the Security Council,
to contribute more effectively to the promotion of international peace and
security by seeking solutions to unresolved problems and crises in the world,
 
     1.   Reaffirms the validity of the Declaration on the Strengthening of
International Security, and calls upon all States to contribute effectively to
its implementation;
 
     2.   Urges once again all States to abide strictly, in their
international relations, by their commitment to the Charter of the United
Nations and, to this end:
 
     (a)  To refrain from the use or threat of use of force, intervention,
interference, aggression, foreign occupation and colonial domination or
measures of political and economic coercion which violate the sovereignty,
territorial integrity, independence and security of other States, as well as
the permanent sovereignty of peoples over their natural resources;
 
     (b)  To refrain from supporting or encouraging any such act for any
reason whatsoever and to reject and refuse recognition of situations brought
about by any such act;
 
     3.   Calls upon all States, in particular the nuclear-weapon States and
other militarily significant States, to take immediate steps aimed at:
 
     (a)  Promoting and using effectively the system of collective security as
envisaged in the Charter;
 
     (b)  Halting effectively the arms race and achieving general and complete
disarmament under effective international control and, to this end, to start
serious, meaningful and effective negotiations with a view to implementing the
recommendations and decisions contained in the Final Document of the Tenth
Special Session of the General Assembly, and to fulfilling the priority tasks
listed in the Programme of Action set forth in section III of the Final
Document;
 
     4.   Invites all States, in particular the major military Powers and
States members of military alliances, to refrain, especially in critical
situations and in crisis areas, from actions, including military activities
and manoeuvres, conceived within the context of East-West confrontation and
used as a means of pressure on, threat to and destabilization of other States
and regions;
 
     5.   Expresses its conviction that the gradual military disengagement of
the great Powers and their military alliances from various parts of the world
should be promoted;
 
     6.   Urges all States, in particular the permanent members of the
Security Council, to take all necessary measures to prevent the further
deterioration of the international situation and, to this end:
 
     (a)  To seek, through more effective utilization of the means provided
for in the Charter, the peaceful settlement of disputes and the elimination of
the focal points of crisis and tension which constitute a threat to
international peace and security;
 
     (b)  To proceed without delay to a global consideration of ways and means
for bringing about a revival of the world economy and for the restructuring of
international economic relations within the framework of the global
negotiations with a view to establishing the new international economic order;
 
     (c)  To promote acceleration of the economic development of developing
countries, particularly the least developed ones;
 
     (d)  To implement urgently measures agreed upon to ameliorate the
critical economic situation in Africa, which is the result, inter alia, of
persistent inclement climatic factors;
 
     7.   Emphasizes the role that the United Nations has in the maintenance
of peace and security and in economic and social development and progress for
the benefit of all mankind;
 
     8.   Stresses that there is an urgent need to enhance the effectiveness
of the Security Council in discharging its principal role of maintaining
international peace and security and to enhance the authority and enforcement
capacity of the Council in accordance with the Charter;
 
     9.   Emphasizes that the Security Council should consider holding
periodic meetings in specific cases to consider and review outstanding
problems and crises, thus enabling the Council to play a more active role in
preventing conflicts;
 
     10.  Reiterates the need for the Security Council, in particular its
permanent members, to ensure the effective implementation of its decisions in
compliance with the relevant provisions of the Charter;
 
     11.  Considers that respect for and promotion of human rights and
fundamental freedoms in their civil, political, economic, social and cultural
aspects, on the one hand, and the strengthening of international peace and
security, on the other, mutually reinforce each other;
 
     12.  Reaffirms the legitimacy of the struggle of peoples under colonial
domination, foreign occupation or racist regimes and their inalienable right
to self-determination and independence, and urges Member States to increase
their support for and solidarity with them and their national liberation
movements and to take urgent and effective measures for the speedy completion
of the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to
Colonial Countries and Peoples and for the final elimination of colonialism,
racism and apartheid;
 
     13.  Calls upon all States, particularly the members of the Security
Council, to take appropriate and effective measures to promote the fulfilment
of the objective of the denuclearization of Africa in order to avert the
serious danger which the nuclear capability of South Africa constitutes to the
African States, in particular the front-line States, as well as to
international peace and security;
 
     14.  Welcomes the continuation of the process within the framework of the
Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe and the successful
conclusion of the Stockholm Conference on Confidence- and Security-building
Measures and Disarmament in Europe;
 
     15.  Reaffirms that the democratization of international relations is an
imperative necessity enabling, under the conditions of interdependence, the
full development and independence of all States, as well as the attainment of
genuine security, peace and co-operation in the world, and stresses its firm
belief that the United Nations offers the best framework for the promotion of
these goals;
 
     16.  Invites Member States to submit their views on the question of the
implementation of the Declaration on the Strengthening of International
Security, and requests the Secretary-General to submit a report to the General
Assembly at its forty-second session on the basis of the replies received;
 
     17.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-second
session the item entitled "Review of the implementation of the Declaration on
the Strengthening of International Security".