United Nations

A/RES/40/108


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

13 December 1985

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/40/108
                                                       13 December 1985
                                                       116th plenary meeting
 
             Implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies
             for the Advancement of Women
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolution 3520 (XXX) of 15 December 1975, in which it
proclaimed the period from 1976 to 1985 the United Nations Decade for Women:
Equality, Development and Peace,
 
     Bearing in mind the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women, which was adopted on 18 December 1979 and which
came into force on 3 September 1981,
 
     Recalling also the principles and objectives set forth in the Declaration
of Mexico on the Equality of Women and Their Contribution to Development and
Peace, 1975, the World Plan of Action for the Implementation of the Objectives
of the International Women's Year and the Programme of Action for the Second
Half of the United Nations Decade for Women,
 
     Bearing in mind also its resolutions 3201 (S-VI) and 3202 (S-VI) of
1 May 1974, containing the Declaration and Programme of Action on the
Establishment of a New International Economic Order, 3281 (XXIX) of
12 December 1974, containing the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of
States, 3362 (S-VII) of 16 September 1975 on development and international
economic co-operation and 2542 (XXIV) of 11 December 1969 proclaiming the
Declaration on Social Progress and Development,
 
     Bearing in mind further the consensus achieved in the text of the
International Development Strategy for the Third United Nations Development
Decade, contained in its resolution 35/56 of 5 December 1980, in particular
regarding the implementation of the objectives of the United Nations Decade
for Women within the framework of the Strategy,
 
     Recalling also its resolution 37/63 of 3 December 1982, by which it
proclaimed the Declaration on the Participation of Women in Promoting
International Peace and Co-operation,
 
     Recalling further its resolution 39/29 of 3 December 1984 on the critical
economic situation in Africa,
 
     Recalling its resolution 35/136 of 11 December 1980, in which it decided
to convene in 1985, at the conclusion of the Decade, a World Conference to
Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women,
 
     Conscious of the considerable and constructive contribution made by the
Commission on the Status of Women acting as preparatory body for the
Conference, the specialized agencies, the regional commissions and other
organizations of the United Nations system, Member States and non-governmental
organizations in the preparations for the Conference,
 
     Aware of the continued contribution made by the Non-Governmental
Organizations Forum to the advancement of women,
 
     Convinced that the full integration of women in all aspects of political,
economic and social life, at the international, regional and national levels,
is essential if the obstacles to the achievement of the goals and objectives
of the Decade are to be overcome,
 
     Having considered the report of the World Conference to Review and
Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality,
Development and Peace,
 
     Convinced that the Conference, by adopting the Forward-looking Strategies
for the Advancement of Women, has made an important and positive contribution
to the attainment of the objectives of the Decade and provided a policy
framework for advancing the status of women to the year 2000,
 
     Further convinced that the Conference has made an important and
constructive contribution by appraising the progress achieved and obstacles
encountered in the implementation of the objectives of the Decade and by
preparing and adopting strategies to advance the status of women for the next
fifteen years,
 
     Stressing that during the period 1986-2000 the primary responsibility for
implementing the Forward-looking Strategies rests with individual countries,
as they are intended to serve as guidelines for a process of continuous
adaptation to diverse and changing situations at speeds and in modes
determined by overall national priorities, within which the integration of
women in development should rank high,
 
     Reaffirming that the realization of equal rights for women at all levels
and in all areas of life will contribute to the achievement of a just and
lasting peace, to social progress and to respect for human rights and
fundamental freedoms, and that the integration of women in the mainstream of
the development process requires not only commitment at the national, regional
and international levels, but also continuing financial and technical support,
and also requires the establishment of the new international economic order,
 
     Considering that the Forward-looking Strategies should immediately be
translated into concrete action by Governments, as determined by overall
national priorities, by organizations of the United Nations system,
specialized agencies and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,
including women's organizations,
 
     Persuaded of the importance of taking measures to ensure system-wide
co-ordination within the United Nations in order to develop a comprehensive
and integrated approach to the issues which are crucial to the advancement of
women,
 
     1.   Takes note with satisfaction of the report of the World Conference
to Review and Appraise the Achievement of the United Nations Decade for
Women:  Equality, Development and Peace;
 
     2.   Endorses the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement
of Women;
 
     3.   Affirms that the implementation of the Forward-looking Strategies
should result in the elimination of all forms of inequality between women and
men and in the complete integration of women into the development process and
that that should guarantee broad participation by women in efforts to
strengthen peace and security in the world;
 
     4.   Declares that the objectives of the United Nations Decade for
Women:  Equality, Development and Peace, with the sub-themes:  employment,
health and education, remain valid;
 
     5.   Calls upon Governments to allocate adequate resources and to take
effective appropriate measures to implement the Forward-looking Strategies as
a matter of high priority, including the establishment or reinforcement, as
appropriate, of national machineries to promote the advancement of women, and
to monitor the implementation of these strategies with a view to ensuring the
full integration of women in the political, economic, social and cultural life
of their countries;
 
     6.   Further calls upon all Governments of Member States to appoint women
to decision-making positions, bearing in mind their contribution to national
development;
 
     7.   Invites Governments, when preparing and evaluating national plans
and programmes of action, to incorporate measurable targets for overcoming
obstacles to the advancement of women and to include measures for the
involvement of women in development, both as agents and beneficiaries, on an
equal basis with men, and to review the impact of development policies and
programmes on women;
 
     8.   Invites governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations to give high priority to the implementation of the
Forward-looking Strategies and, in particular, to ensure that sectoral
policies and programmes for development include strategies to promote the
participation of women as agents and beneficiaries on an equal basis with men;
 
     9.   Urges all Governments to contribute to the strengthening of
institutional co-ordination in their regions and subregions in order to
establish collaborative arrangements and to develop approaches for the
implementation of the Forward-looking Strategies at those levels;
 
     10.  Urges all organizations of the United Nations system, including the
regional commissions and all specialized agencies, to take the necessary
measures to ensure a concerted and sustained effort for the implementation of
the provisions of the Forward-looking Strategies with a view to achieving a
substantial improvement in the status of women by the year 2000 and to ensure
that all projects and programmes take into account the need for the complete
integration of women and women's concerns;
 
     11.  Requests the Secretary-General and the specialized agencies and
bodies of the United Nations system to establish, where they do not already
exist, focal points on women's issues in all sectors of the work of the
organizations of the United Nations system;
 
     12.  Urges the Administrative Committee on Co-ordination to review
periodically the system-wide implementation of the Forward-looking Strategies
and to hold regular inter-agency meetings on women within the framework of the
Administrative Committee on Co-ordination;
 
     13.  Emphasizes the central role of the Commission on the Status of Women
in matters related to the advancement of the status of women and calls upon it
to promote the implementation of the Forward-looking Strategies to the year
2000 based on the goals of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality,
Development and Peace, and the sub-themes:  employment, health and education,
and urges all organizations of the United Nations system to co-operate with
the Commission in this task;
 
     14.  Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the Commission on the
Status of Women receives the support services it requires to fulfil its
central role effectively;
 
     15.  Requests the Secretary-General to invite Governments, organizations
of the United Nations system, including regional commissions and specialized
agencies, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to report
periodically through the Commission on the Status of Women to the Economic and
Social Council on the activities undertaken at all levels to implement the
Forward-looking Strategies;
 
     16.  Requests the Secretary-General, in preparing the note on the
integrated reporting system for periodic review and appraisal of progress in
the advancement of women for submission to the Commission on the Status of
Women at its thirty-first session, as called for in Economic and Social
Council decision l984/l23 of 24 May l984, to include proposals for a reporting
system to facilitate the monitoring of the implementation of the
Forward-looking Strategies as set out in paragraph 15 above, taking into
account the experience gained during the Decade, the views of Governments and
the need not to duplicate existing reporting obligations, bearing in mind the
need to carry out periodical in-depth sectoral reviews of progress achieved
and obstacles encountered in implementing the Forward-looking Strategies to
the year 2000;
 
     17.  Recommends that the Secretary-General prepare and submit to the
Commission on the Status of Women at its thirty-first session, bearing in mind
the remarks and concrete recommendations made during the debate at the
fortieth session, in particular the proposals about increasing the number of
members and the frequency of meetings of the Commission, a report on
alternative measures to strengthen the Commission in the discharge of its
functions following the United Nations Decade for Women, and also recommends
that the recommendations of the Commission on the matter be reported to the
General Assembly at its forty-first session through the Economic and Social
Council; 
 
     18.  Reaffirms the role of the Centre for Social Development and
Humanitarian Affairs of the Department of International Economic and Social
Affairs of the Secretariat, in particular the Branch for the Advancement of
Women, as the substantive secretariat of the Commission and as a focal point
for matters on women, and requests the Secretariat to collect and disseminate
information on system-wide activities related to the implementation of the
Forward-looking Strategies;
 
     19.  Takes note with satisfaction of the appointment of the Co-ordinator
for the Improvement of the Status of Women in the Secretariat of the United
Nations, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 39/245 of 18 December
1984, and, in this context, of the fact that the Secretary-General should
continue to plan and implement positive actions and programmes to improve the
status of women in the Secretariat and to monitor the progress achieved;
 
     20.  Calls upon the Secretary-General and the heads of the specialized
agencies and other United Nations bodies to establish new five-year targets at
each level for the percentage of women in Professional and decision-making
positions, in accordance with the criteria established by the General
Assembly, in particular that of equitable geographical distribution, in order
that a definite upward trend in the application of Assembly resolution 33/143
of 20 December 1978 be registered in the number of Professional and
decision-making positions held by women by 1990 and to set additional targets
every five years;
 
     21.  Welcomes Economic and Social Council resolution 1985/46 of
3l May l985 regarding women and development and, noting the particular
importance of paragraph 4 of that resolution, recommends that immediate
measures be taken to ensure that future medium-term plans of the United
Nations and the specialized agencies should contain intersectoral
presentations of the various programmes dealing with issues of concern to
women and that revisions of current plans should be considered in the light of
the results of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of
the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development and Peace;
 
     22.  Requests the Secretary-General to take into account the requirements
of the Forward-looking Strategies in preparing the programme budget and
programme of work for the biennium 1988-1989;
 
     23.  Urges all financial institutions and all international regional and
subregional organizations, institutions, development banks and general funding
agencies to ensure that their policies and programmes promote the full
participation of women as agents and beneficiaries in the development process;
 
     24.  Invites the Secretary-General to circulate the report of the
Conference among Member States, all organizations of the United Nations system
and specialized agencies, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations
in order to ensure that the Forward-looking Strategies are publicized and
disseminated as widely as possible, and encourages Governments to translate
the Strategies into their national languages;
 
     25.  Requests the Secretary-General and the heads of all organizations
within the United Nations system and of the specialized agencies to continue
to give high priority in their public information programmes to disseminating
information concerning women and, in particular, the Forward-looking
Strategies and, in the light of the recommendations contained in the
Strategies, further requests the Secretary-General to provide in the regular
budget for the continuation of the existing weekly radio programmes on women,
with adequate provision for distributing them in different languages;
 
     26.  Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its forty-first session on measures taken to implement the present
resolution;
 
     27.  Decides to consider these questions further at its forty-first
session under an item entitled "Forward-looking strategies for the advancement
of women to the year 2000".