United Nations

A/RES/40/61


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 December 1985

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/40/61
                                                       9 December 1985
                                                       108th plenary meeting
 
          Measures to prevent international terrorism which endangers
          or takes innocent human lives or jeopardizes fundamental
          freedoms and study of the underlying causes of those forms
          of terrorism and acts of violence which lie in misery,
          frustration, grievance and despair and which cause some
          people to sacrifice human lives, including their own, in an
          attempt to effect radical changes
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolutions 3034 (XXVII) of 18 December 1972, 31/102 of
15 December 1976, 32/147 of 16 December 1977, 34/145 of 17 December 1979,
36/109 of 10 December 1981 and 38/130 of 19 December 1983,
 
     Recalling also the Declaration on Principles of International Law
concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation among States in accordance with
the Charter of the United Nations,  the Declaration on the Strengthening of
International Security, the Definition of Aggression  and relevant
instruments on international humanitarian law applicable in armed conflict,
 
     Further recalling the existing international conventions relating to
various aspects of the problem of international terrorism, inter alia, the
Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft,
signed at Tokyo on 14 September 1963,  the Convention for the Suppression of
Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, signed at The Hague on 16 December 1970, the
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil
Aviation, signed at Montreal on 23 September 1971, the Convention on the
Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons,
including Diplomatic Agents, signed at New York on 14 December 1973, and
the International Convention against the Taking of Hostages, adopted at New
York on 17 December 1979,
 
     Deeply concerned about the world-wide escalation of acts of terrorism in
all its forms, which endanger or take innocent human lives, jeopardize
fundamental freedoms and seriously impair the dignity of human beings,
 
     Taking note of the deep concern and condemnation of all acts of
international terrorism expressed by the Security Council and the
Secretary-General,
 
     Convinced of the importance of expanding and improving international
co-operation among States, on a bilateral and multilateral basis, which will
contribute to the elimination of acts of international terrorism and their
underlying causes and to the prevention and elimination of this criminal
scourge, 
 
     Reaffirming the principle of self-determination of peoples enshrined in
the Charter of the United Nations,
 
     Reaffirming also the inalienable right to self-determination and
independence of all peoples under colonial and racist regimes and other forms
of alien domination, and upholding the legitimacy of their struggle, in
particular the struggle of national liberation movements, in accordance with
the purposes and principles of the Charter and of the Declaration on
Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation
among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,
 
     Mindful of the necessity of maintaining and safeguarding the basic rights
of the individual in accordance with the relevant international human rights
instruments and generally accepted international standards,
 
     Convinced of the importance of the observance by States of their
obligations under the relevant international conventions to ensure that
appropriate law enforcement measures are taken in connection with the offences
addressed in those Conventions,
 
     Expressing its concern that in recent years terrorism has taken on forms
that have an increasingly deleterious effect on international relations, which
may jeopardize the very territorial integrity and security of States,
 
     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General,
 
     1.   Unequivocally condemns, as criminal, all acts, methods and practices
of terrorism wherever and by whomever committed, including those which
jeopardize friendly relations among States and their security;
 
     2.   Deeply deplores the loss of innocent human lives which results from
such acts of terrorism;
 
     3.   Also deplores the pernicious impact of acts of international
terrorism on relations of co-operation among States, including co-operation
for development;
 
     4.   Appeals to all States that have not yet done so to consider becoming
party to the existing international conventions relating to various aspects of
international terrorism;
 
     5.   Invites all States to take all appropriate measures at the national
level with a view to the speedy and final elimination of the problem of
international terrorism, such as the harmonization of domestic legislation
with existing international conventions, the fulfilment of assumed
international obligations, and the prevention of the preparation and
organization in their respective territories of acts directed against other
States;
 
     6.   Calls upon all States to fulfil their obligations under
international law to refrain from organizing, instigating, assisting or
participating in terrorist acts in other States, or acquiescing in activities
within their territory directed towards the commission of such acts;
 
     7.   Urges all States not to allow any circumstances to obstruct the
application of appropriate law enforcement measures provided for in the
relevant conventions to which they are party to persons who commit acts of
international terrorism covered by those conventions;
 
     8.   Also urges all States to co-operate with one another more closely,
especially through the exchange of relevant information concerning the
prevention and combating of terrorism, the apprehension and prosecution or
extradition of the perpetrators of such acts, the conclusion of special
treaties and/or the incorporation into appropriate bilateral treaties of
special clauses, in particular regarding the extradition or prosecution of
terrorists;
 
     9.   Further urges all States, unilaterally and in co-operation with
other States, as well as relevant United Nations organs, to contribute to the
progressive elimination of the causes underlying international terrorism and
to pay special attention to all situations, including colonialism, racism and
situations involving mass and flagrant violations of human rights and
fundamental freedoms and those involving alien occupation, that may give rise
to international terrorism and may endanger international peace and security;
 
     10.  Calls upon all States to observe and implement the recommendations
of the Ad Hoc Committee on International Terrorism contained in its report to
the General Assembly at its thirty-fourth session;
 
     11.  Also calls upon all States to take all appropriate measures as
recommended by the International Civil Aviation Organization and as set forth
in relevant international conventions to prevent terrorist attacks against
civil aviation transport and other forms of public transport;
 
     12.  Encourages the International Civil Aviation Organization to continue
its efforts aimed at promoting universal acceptance of and strict compliance
with the international air security conventions;
 
     13.  Requests the International Maritime Organization to study the
problem of terrorism aboard or against ships with a view to making
recommendations on appropriate measures;
 
     14.  Requests the Secretary-General to follow up, as appropriate, the
implementation of the present resolution and to submit a report to the General
Assembly at its forty-second session;
 
     15.  Decides to include the item in the provisional agenda of its
forty-second session.