United Nations

A/RES/40/32


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

29 November 1985

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/40/32
                                                       29 November 1985
                                                       96th plenary meeting
 
          Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention
          of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolution 35/171 of 15 December 1980, in which it endorsed
the Caracas Declaration, annexed to that resolution, and urged implementation
of the conclusions relating to the new perspectives for international
co-operation in crime prevention in the context of development adopted by the
Sixth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of
Offenders,
 
     Recalling also its resolution 36/21 of 9 November 1981, in which the
Seventh Congress was invited to consider current and emerging trends in crime
prevention and criminal justice, with a view to defining new guiding
principles for the future course of crime prevention and criminal justice in
the context of development needs, the goals of the International Development
Strategy for the Third United Nations Development Decade and the Declaration
and the Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International
Economic Order, taking into account the political, economic, social and
cultural circumstances and traditions of each country and the need for crime
prevention and criminal justice systems to be consonant with the principles of
social justice,
 
     Recalling further its resolution 39/112 of 14 December 1984, in which the
Secretary-General was requested to ensure that the substantive and
organizational work of the Seventh Congress was fully adequate for its
successful outcome,
 
     Emphasizing the responsibility assumed by the United Nations in crime
prevention under General Assembly resolution 415 (V) of 1 December 1950, which
was affirmed in Economic and Social Council resolutions 731 F (XXVIII) of
30 July 1959 and 830 D (XXXII) of 2 August 1961, and in the promotion and
strengthening of international co-operation in this field in accordance with
Assembly resolutions 3021 (XXVII) of 18 December 1972, 32/59 and 32/60 of
8 December 1977, 35/171 of 15 December 1980 and 36/21 of 9 November 1981,
 
     Bearing in mind the theme of the Congress, "Crime prevention for freedom,
justice, peace and development", and the importance of preserving peace as a
condition for development and international co-operation,
 
     Welcoming the fact that the Congress, in accordance with General Assembly
resolution 39/112, paid particular attention to the question of illicit drug
trafficking,
 
     Alarmed by the growth and seriousness of crime in many parts of the
world, including conventional and non-conventional criminality, which have a
negative impact on development and the quality of life,
 
     Considering that crime, particularly in its new forms and dimensions,
seriously impairs the development process of many countries, as well as their
international relations,
 
     Noting that the function of the criminal justice system is to contribute
to the protection of the basic values and norms of society,
 
     Aware of the importance of enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of
criminal justice systems,
 
     Noting that to limit effectively the harm caused by modern economic and
unconventional crime, policy measures should be based on an integrated
approach, the main emphasis being placed on the reduction of opportunities to
commit crime and on the strengthening of norms and attitudes against it,
 
     Aware of the importance of crime prevention and criminal justice, which
embraces policies, processes and institutions aimed at controlling criminality
and ensuring equal and fair treatment for all those involved in the criminal
justice process,
 
     Mindful that the incorporation of crime prevention and criminal justice
policies in the planning process can help to ensure a better life for people
throughout the world, promote the equality of rights and social security,
enhance the effectiveness of crime prevention, especially in such spheres as
urbanization, industrialization, education, health, population growth and
migration, housing and social welfare, and substantially reduce the social
costs directly and indirectly related to crime and crime control by ensuring
social justice, respect for human dignity, freedom, equality and security,
 
     Convinced that due attention should be paid to crime prevention and
criminal justice and the related processes, including the fate of victims of
crime, the role of youth in contemporary society and the application of United
Nations standards and norms,
 
     Determined to improve regional, interregional and international
co-operation and co-ordination to achieve further progress in this area,
including effective and full implementation of the resolutions of the Seventh
Congress,
 
     Having considered the report of the Seventh United Nations Congress on
the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, the report of the
Secretary-General on the implementation of the recommendations of the Sixth
United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of
Offenders, and the report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of
the conclusions of the Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of
Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, all submitted in pursuance of General
Assembly resolution 39/112,
 
     1.   Expresses its satisfaction with the report of the Seventh United
Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders and
with the preparatory work carried out by the Committee on Crime Prevention and
Control, as the preparatory body for the Congress, at its seventh and eighth
sessions and by the regional and interregional preparatory meetings convened
in co-operation with the regional commissions, interregional and regional
crime prevention institutes and interested Governments;
 
     2.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of the recommendations of the Sixth United Nations Congress on
the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders and of his report on
the conclusions of the Seventh Congress;
 
     3.   Approves the Milan Plan of Action adopted by consensus by the
Seventh Congress, as a useful and effective means of strengthening
international co-operation in the field of crime prevention and criminal
justice; 
 
     4.   Recommends the Guiding Principles for Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice in the Context of Development and a New International Economic Order
for national, regional and international action, as appropriate, taking into
account the political, economic, social and cultural circumstances and
traditions of each country on the basis of the principles of the sovereign
equality of States and of non-interference in their internal affairs;
 
     5.   Endorses the other resolutions unanimously adopted by the Seventh
Congress;
 
     6.   Invites Governments to be guided by the Milan Plan of Action in the
formulation of appropriate legislation and policy directives and to make
continuous efforts to implement the principles contained in the Caracas
Declaration and other relevant resolutions and recommendations adopted by the
Sixth Congress, in accordance with the economic, social, cultural and
political circumstances of each country;
 
     7.   Invites also Member States to monitor systematically the steps being
taken to ensure co-ordination of efforts in the planning and execution of
effective and humane measures to reduce the social costs of crime and its
negative effects on the development process, as well as to explore new avenues
for international co-operation in this field;
 
     8.   Invites the Committee on Crime Prevention and Control, at its ninth
session, to review the Milan Plan of Action, the resolutions and
recommendations unanimously adopted by the Seventh United Nations Congress on
the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders and their implications
for the programmes of the United Nations system and to make specific
recommendations on the implementation thereof in its report to the Economic
and Social Council at its first regular session of 1986;
 
     9.   Requests the Economic and Social Council to examine, at its first
regular session of 1986, the report of the Committee on Crime Prevention and
Control and the recommendations of the Seventh Congress for further
implementation of the Milan Plan of Action in order to provide, within the
United Nations system, overall policy guidance on crime prevention and
criminal justice, and to undertake periodically the review, monitoring and
appraisal of the Milan Plan of Action;
 
     10.  Urges the United Nations system, including the regional and
interregional institutes in the field of crime prevention and the treatment of
offenders and the relevant non-governmental organizations having consultative
status with the Economic and Social Council to become actively involved in the
implementation of the recommendations of the Seventh Congress;
 
     11.  Urges also the Department of Technical Co-operation for Development
of the Secretariat and the United Nations Development Programme to give their
full support to projects of technical assistance, in particular to developing
countries, in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice and to
encourage technical co-operation among developing countries;
 
     12.  Requests the Secretary-General to make every effort to translate
into action, as appropriate, the relevant recommendations and policies
stemming from the Milan Plan of Action and the Guiding Principles for Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice in the Context of Development and a New
International Economic Order and to provide adequate follow-up of the other
resolutions and recommendations unanimously adopted by the Seventh Congress;
 
     13.  Also requests the Secretary-General, in his report to the Committee
on Crime Prevention and Control, to initiate a review, as a matter of urgency,
of the functioning and programme of work of the United Nations in the field of
crime prevention and criminal justice, including the United Nations regional
and interregional institutes, paying special attention to improving the
co-ordination of relevant activities within the United Nations in all related
areas in order to establish priorities and ensure the continuing relevance and
responsiveness of the United Nations to emerging needs, and to submit the
final report to the Economic and Social Council at its first regular session
of 1987; 
 
     14.  Further requests the Secretary-General to circulate the report of
the Seventh Congress to Member States and intergovernmental organizations in
order to ensure that it is disseminated as widely as possible, and to
strengthen information activities in this field;
 
     15.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly, at
its forty-first session, a report on the measures taken to implement the
present resolution;
 
     16.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-first
session the item entitled "Crime prevention and criminal justice".