United Nations

A/RES/38/161


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

19 December 1983

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                   A/RES/38/161
                                                   19 December 1983
                                                   Meeting no. 102
 
               Process of preparation of the Environmental
               Perspective to the Year 2000 and Beyond
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling the importance it has attached at previous sessions to the
development of the Environmental Perspective to the Year 2000 and Beyond,
 
     Recalling also its request to the Governing Council of the United Nations
Environment Programme at its eleventh session to make concrete recommendations
to the General Assembly at its thirty-eighth session, through the Economic and
Social Council at its second regular session of 1983, on the modalities for
preparing the Environmental Perspective,
 
     1.   Notes with satisfaction decision 11/3 of the Governing Council of
the United Nations Environment Programme on the process of preparation of the
Environmental Perspective to the Year 2000 and Beyond, adopted on
23 May 1983;
 
     2.   Welcomes the desire of the Governing Council to develop the
Environmental Perspective and transmit it to the General Assembly for
adoption, benefiting in carrying out that function from its consideration of
the relevant proposals made by a special commission;
 
     3.   Approves the decision of the Governing Council to establish, in
order to assist it in fulfilling its mandate in regard to the Environmental
Perspective and to report to it in that respect, an intergovernmental
intersessional preparatory committee to articulate to the Special Commission
on the Environmental Perspective to the Year 2000 and Beyond at an early stage
in its work the Governing Council's expectations regarding the matters which
it hopes will, inter alia, receive consideration by the Commission and, in
this connection:
 
     (a)  Notes that the Commission at a preliminary stage in the formulation
of its conclusions on matters within the mandate and purview of the United
Nations Environment Programme should make them known to the committee with a
view to giving consideration to any views of the committee thereon;
 
     (b)  Notes from paragraph 41 of the report of the Governing Council on
its eleventh session that the cost of the intergovernmental intersessional
preparatory committee will not result in any net increase in the regular
budget of the United Nations;
 
     4.   Welcomes also the intention of a number of Governments to support
the preparation of the Environmental Perspective by facilitating the
establishment of the Special Commission, through the provision of voluntary
contributions for its financing;
 
     5.   Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Executive
Director of the United Nations Environment Programme and with Governments, and
after such other appropriate consultations as they deem necessary, to appoint
the Chairman and Vice-Chairman of the Special Commission, who will
subsequently select the members of that Commission and accordingly establish
the Special Commission, which should co-operate closely with the
intergovernmental intersessional preparatory committee; the Chairman and
Vice-Chairman should have experience of policy making at the highest level,
demonstrated interest in environmental and developmental issues and the
capacity to attract attention to the work of the Commission, and should
represent both developed and developing countries;
 
     6.   Expresses its view that the Chairman and the Vice-Chairman, in
selecting the members of the Special Commission, should take fully into
account the need for appropriate geographical distribution and regional
balance in membership and the importance of ensuring that at least half of the
members of the Commission are from the developing countries, as well as the
need to consult as appropriate with representatives of Governments,
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, industry, the scientific
community and others concerned with the environment;
 
     7.   Requests the Executive Director to establish an interim special
account under the financial regulations of the United Nations to which
voluntary contributions would be credited and from which disbursements would
be made for the purposes of the establishment of the Special Commission,
custody over and responsibility for the account to be transferred to that
Commission, in accordance with its procedures, upon its establishment;
 
     8.   Suggests that the Special Commission, when established, should focus
mainly on the following terms of reference for its work:
 
     (a)  To propose long-term environmental strategies for achieving
sustainable development to the year 2000 and beyond;
 
     (b)  To recommend ways in which concern for the environment may be
translated into greater co-operation among developing countries and between
countries at different stages of economic and social development and lead to
the achievement of common and mutually supportive objectives which take
account of the interrelationships between people, resources, environment and
development;
 
     (c)  To consider ways and means by which the international community can
deal more effectively with environmental concerns, in the light of the other
recommendations in its report;
 
     (d)  To help to define shared perceptions of long-term environmental
issues and of the appropriate efforts needed to deal successfully with the
problems of protecting and enhancing the environment, a long-term agenda for
action during the coming decades, and aspirational goals for the world
community, taking into account the relevant resolutions of the session of a
special character of the Governing Council in 1982;
 
     9.   Further suggests that, in fulfilling its terms of reference, the
Special Commission should:
 
     (a)  Maintain an exchange of views with the scientific community,
environmentalists and all other sections of public opinion, particularly
youth, concerned with the environment, and those concerned with the
relationship between development and environment;
 
     (b)  Receive the views of Governments, principally through the Governing
Council and its intergovernmental intersessional preparatory committee, and
through contacts with national leaders, opinion makers and concerned
international figures;
 
     (c)  Maintain links with other intergovernmental bodies within and
outside the United Nations system, while however using the Administrative
Committee on Co-ordination and the designated officials for environmental
matters as the channels of communication with the United Nations system; the
willingness of the Administrative Committee on Co-ordination to assist should
be communicated to the Commission;
 
     (d)  Take account of the scope of environmental issues as defined by the
United Nations system-wide medium-term environment programme and as
reflected in the efforts of the United Nations system, including the United
Nations Environment Programme, in the field of the environment;
 
     (e)  Make full use of relevant existing reports and material;
 
     10.  Considers that the Special Commission should make available a report
on environment and the global problamatique to the year 2000 and beyond,
including proposed strategies for sustainable development, within a period of
two years from its establishment;
 
     11.  Decides that, on matters within the mandate and purview of the
United Nations Environment Programme, the report of the Special Commission
should in the first instance be considered by the Governing Council of the
Programme, for transmission to the General Assembly together with its
comments, and for use as basic material in the preparation for adoption by the
Assembly of the Environmental Perspective;
 
     12.  Further decides that, on those matters which are under consideration
and/or review by the General Assembly itself, the Assembly will consider the
relevant aspects of the report of the Special Commission;
 
     13.  Recognizes that the Special Commission may in addition address its
report, after consideration by the Governing Council or the intergovernmental
intersessional preparatory committee, also to other forums, intergovernmental
and non-governmental, or to Governments, individuals and the general public,
as it sees fit, it being understood that the report of the Special Commission
will not be binding on Governments.