United Nations

A/RES/38/39


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 December 1983

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                   A/RES/38/39
                                                   5 December 1983
                                                   83rd plenary meeting
 
               Policies of apartheid of the Government of South Africa
 
                                      A
 
                          Situation in South Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling and reaffirming its resolution 37/69 of 9 December 1982,
 
     Having considered the report of the Special Committee against Apartheid,
as well as its special report on recent developments concerning relations
between Israel and South Africa,
 
     Taking note of the declarations of conferences organized or co-sponsored
by the Special Committee, namely, the International Conference of Trade Unions
on Sanctions and Other Actions against the Apartheid Regime in South Africa,
held at Geneva on 10 and 11 June 1983, the International Conference for
Sanctions against Apartheid in Sports, held in London from 27 to 29 June 1983,
the International Non-Governmental Organizations Conference on Action
against Apartheid and Racism, held at Geneva from 5 to 8 July 1983, the
International Conference on the Alliance between South Africa and Israel, held
at Vienna from 11 to 13 July 1983, and the Latin American Regional
Conference for Action against Apartheid, held at Caracas from 16 to 18
September 1983,
 
     Gravely concerned over the threat to international peace and security,
and repeated breaches of the peace and acts of aggression, caused by the
policies and actions of the racist minority regime of South Africa,
 
     Condemning the racist minority regime of South Africa for its repeated
defiance of the United Nations, its oppression of the great majority of the
people of South Africa and its ruthless repression of all opponents of
apartheid,
 
     Strongly condemning the execution of Mr. Simon Mogoerane, Mr. Jerry
Mosololi and Mr. Thabo Motaung, members of the African National Congress of
South Africa, in defiance of appeals by the General Assembly and the Security
Council, 
 
     Reaffirming that apartheid is a crime against humanity,
 
     Strongly convinced that peace and stability in southern Africa require
the total eradication of apartheid and the exercise of the right of
self-determination by all the people of South Africa, irrespective of race,
colour or creed,
 
     Convinced that the racist minority regime of South Africa has been
encouraged to perpetrate those criminal acts by the protection accorded to it
by major Western Powers against international sanctions and by their continued
collaboration with it,
 
     Recognizing that the policies and actions of certain Western Powers and
Israel are the main obstacles that have frustrated international efforts for
the elimination of apartheid,
 
     Condemning, in particular, the increased collaboration by the Government
of the United States of America with the racist regime of South Africa, in
pursuance of its policy of so-called "constructive engagement", which has
encouraged the racist regime to entrench apartheid, intensify repression and
escalate aggression against and destabilization of independent African States,
 
     Condemning the increasing collaboration by Israel with the racist
minority regime of South Africa, particularly in the military and nuclear
fields,
 
     Rejecting the so-called "constitutional proposals" by the racist minority
regime of South Africa as designed to entrench apartheid,
 
     Commending the unity of the oppressed people of South Africa in their
opposition to the constitutional proposals as well as in their struggle for
the elimination of apartheid and for the establishment of a democratic and
non-racial society in a non-fragmented South Africa,
 
     Taking note of the advance of the armed struggle for liberation
undertaken by the national liberation movements in the face of brutal
repression of peaceful protest,
 
     Recognizing that the legitimate struggle of the South African people for
liberation from apartheid is a contribution to the objectives of the United
Nations, 
 
     Reaffirming that the elimination of apartheid constitutes a major
objective of the United Nations,
 
     Considering that all the organizations of the United Nations system have
a duty to make a maximum contribution, within their mandates, to the
international campaign against apartheid,
 
     1.   Endorses the annual report of the Special Committee against
Apartheid and its special report on recent developments concerning relations
between Israel and South Africa;
 
     2.   Declares that the United Nations and the international community
have a special responsibility towards the oppressed people of South Africa and
their national liberation movements in their legitimate struggle for the
elimination of apartheid and the establishment of a non-racial democratic
society assuring human rights and fundamental freedoms to all the people of
the country irrespective of race, colour or creed;
 
     3.   Again proclaims that the national liberation movements of South
Africa are the authentic representatives of the people of South Africa in
their just struggle for national liberation;
 
     4.   Recognizes the right of the oppressed people and their national
liberation movements to resort to all the means at their disposal, including
armed struggle, in their resistance to the illegitimate racist minority regime
of South Africa;
 
     5.   Demands that the racist minority regime of South Africa:
 
     (a)  Release persons imprisoned or restricted for their opposition to
apartheid;
 
     (b)  Allow those who have been exiled for their opposition to apartheid
to return unconditionally to their country;
 
     (c)  Rescind bans on political and other organizations and media opposed
to apartheid;
 
     (d)  Terminate all political trials and all repressive measures against
opponents of apartheid;
 
     6.   Commends the people of South Africa and their national liberation
movements for the great advance in their struggle for national liberation;
 
     7.   Commends the oppressed people of South Africa and their national
liberation movements, particularly the African National Congress of South
Africa, for intensifying the armed struggle against the racist regime of South
Africa;
 
     8.   Calls upon all States and organizations to provide all necessary
moral, political and material assistance to the South African liberation
movements recognized by the Organization of African Unity at this crucial
stage in their struggle for liberation;
 
     9.   Reaffirms that freedom fighters of South Africa should be treated as
prisoners of war in accordance with Additional Protocol I to the Geneva
Conventions of 12 August 1949;
 
     10.  Strongly condemns the apartheid regime of South Africa for its
brutal repression of all opponents of apartheid, its torture and killing of
detainees, its execution of freedom fighters and its repeated acts of
aggression, subversion and terrorism against independent African States;
 
     11.  Condemns as an international crime the policy of "bantustanization"
designed to dispossess the African majority of its inalienable rights and to
deprive it of citizenship, as well as the continuing forced removal of black
people;
 
     12.  Condemns the policies of certain Western States, especially the
United States of America, and Israel, and of their transnational corporations
and financial institutions that have increased political, economic and
military collaboration with the racist minority regime of South Africa despite
repeated appeals by the General Assembly;
 
     13.  Again urges the Security Council to determine that the situation in
South Africa and in southern Africa as a whole, resulting from the policies
and actions of the apartheid regime of South Africa, constitutes a grave and
growing threat to international peace and security, and to impose
comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against the racist minority regime under
Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations;
 
     14.  Urgently calls upon the International Monetary Fund to terminate
credits or other assistance to the racist minority regime of South Africa;
 
     15.  Again requests the International Atomic Energy Agency to refrain
from extending to South Africa any facilities which may assist it in its
nuclear plans and, in particular, to exclude South Africa from all its
technical working groups;
 
     16.  Calls upon all States that have not yet done so to accede to the
International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of
Apartheid;
 
     17.  Decides to continue the authorization of adequate financial
provision in the regular budget of the United Nations to enable the South
African liberation movements recognized by the Organization of African Unity -
namely, the African National Congress of South Africa and the Pan Africanist
Congress of Azania - to maintain offices in New York in order to participate
effectively in the deliberations of the Special Committee and other
appropriate bodies;
 
     18.  Commends the anti-apartheid and solidarity movements, religious
bodies, trade unions, youth and student organizations and other groups engaged
in campaigns for the isolation of the apartheid regime and assistance to the
South African liberation movements recognized by the Organization of African
Unity;
 
     19.  Urges all Governments to lend all appropriate assistance, including
financial assistance, to such groups, especially in countries which continue
to collaborate with the apartheid regime;
 
     20.  Appeals to journalists, writers, artists and other professionals
working in the mass media, as well as their professional associations, to
foster the role of the mass media in the dissemination of information
commensurable with the urgent need to eradicate apartheid;
 
     21.  Requests the Secretary-General:
 
     (a)  To instruct all relevant units of the Secretariat and all United
Nations offices to promote the international campaign against apartheid in
co-operation with the Special Committee;
 
     (b)  To take all necessary measures to deny any facilities to, and to
refrain from any investment in, corporations operating in South Africa;
 
     (c)  To enter into urgent consultations with the International Monetary
Fund and the International Atomic Energy Agency to secure their full
co-operation in action against apartheid in accordance with the resolutions of
the General Assembly;
 
     (d)  To prepare, in consultation with the executive heads of the
organizations of the United Nations system, proposals for concerted action by
all the agencies in the international campaign against apartheid;
 
     22.  Requests the Special Committee:
 
     (a)  To prepare a report reviewing the implementation of the resolutions
of the General Assembly and the Security Council on the problem of apartheid
and the acts of aggression by the racist regime of South Africa, and the
policies and actions of States which have failed to co-operate in
international action;
 
     (b)  To review developments concerning collaboration by the United States
of America, Israel and other States with the racist regime of South Africa,
and to report from time to time, as appropriate;
 
     (c)  To pay special attention to mobilizing public opinion and
encouraging public action against collaboration with South Africa.
 
                                      B
 
                    Programme of Action against Apartheid
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Seriously concerned over the grave situation in southern Africa resulting
from the policies and actions of the racist regime of South Africa,
 
     Anxious to promote more effective action by the international community
to secure the speedy eradication of apartheid and the establishment of a
non-racial democratic State in South Africa,
 
     Recognizing the importance of concerted action by Governments, as well as
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and individuals, for this
purpose, 
 
     Taking note of the proclamation of the Second Decade to Combat Racism and
Racial Discrimination, beginning on 10 December 1983,
 
     Having considered the Programme of Action against Apartheid, adopted by
the
Special Committee against Apartheid on 25 October 1983,
 
     1.   Commends the Programme of Action against Apartheid to the attention
of all Governments, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and
individuals;
 
     2.   Invites all Governments, organizations and individuals to take
effective action in the light of this programme, in close co-operation with
the Special Committee against Apartheid and the Centre against Apartheid of
the Secretariat;
 
     3.   Requests the Secretary-General, through the Department of Public
Information of the Secretariat, to ensure the widest publicity for the
Programme of Action and to instruct all United Nations offices to take
appropriate action to promote its implementation.
 
                                      C
 
           Effects of apartheid on the countries of southern Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Gravely concerned over the acts of aggression, destabilization and
subversion, as well as economic and other pressure, by the apartheid regime of
South Africa against independent African States in southern Africa,
 
     Convinced of the danger of wider conflict unless effective action is
taken by the international community,
 
     Concerned over the safety of South African refugees in neighbouring
countries,
 
     Commending the front-line States for their sacrifices in support of the
struggle for freedom in South Africa and Namibia,
 
     Condemning the pressure exerted by South Africa to force Lesotho to expel
South African refugees in violation of the principles of international law,
 
     Again condemning the racist minority regime of South Africa for its
continued occupation of parts of the territory of Angola and its acts of
aggression, subversion and destabilization against independent African States,
particularly against Lesotho and Mozambique,
 
     Gravely concerned about the economic blockade that South Africa has
imposed against Lesotho,
 
     Deploring the pressures exerted by the Government of the United States of
America against Angola to impose on it the so-called issue of "linkage" or
"parallelism" which encourages the racist minority regime of South Africa to
block the negotiations for the independence of Namibia and to continue its
illegal occupation of parts of the territory of Angola and escalate its
aggression against that country,
 
     1.   Condemns the acts of aggression by the apartheid regime of South
Africa against Angola, Lesotho and Mozambique and its threats against
independent African States in southern Africa;
 
     2.   Demands that all troops of the apartheid regime of South Africa be
immediately and unconditionally withdrawn from Angola and that South Africa
respect fully the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of
independent African States;
 
     3.   Fully supports the right of the Government of Angola to take
measures in accordance with Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations in
order to guarantee and safeguard the territorial integrity and national
sovereignty of Angola;
 
     4.   Expresses its full support for the people and Government of
Mozambique in their struggle to preserve their national independence and
sovereignty and urges all States to provide political, diplomatic and material
support to Mozambique;
 
     5.   Further strongly condemns the racist minority regime of Pretoria for
its acts of destabilization, armed aggression and economic blockade against
Lesotho and strongly urges the international community to extend maximum
assistance to Lesotho to enable that country to fulfil its international
humanitarian obligations towards refugees, and to use its influence on the
racist regime to desist from terrorist acts against Lesotho;
 
     6.   Demands that the racist regime of South Africa pay full compensation
to Angola, Lesotho and other independent African States for the damage to life
and property caused by its acts of aggression;
 
     7.   Calls upon the international community to provide assistance to
independent African States in the subregion to enable them to defend their
sovereignty and territorial integrity, counter the hostile South African acts
of aggression and rebuild their economies;
 
     8.   Urges the Security Council to consider, as a matter of urgency, the
means to ensure peace in southern Africa.
 
                                      D
 
                        Sanctions against South Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Considering that the policies and actions of the racist regime of South
Africa, its military build-up and its nuclear plans constitute a grave threat
to international peace and security,
 
     Reaffirming its conviction that comprehensive and mandatory sanctions
imposed by the Security Council under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United
Nations, universally applied, are the most appropriate and effective means by
which the international community can assist the legitimate struggle of the
oppressed people of South Africa and discharge its responsibilities for the
maintenance of international peace and security,
 
     Recalling the Paris Declaration on Sanctions against South Africa,
 
     Considering that political, economic, military and any other
collaboration with the apartheid regime of South Africa encourages its
persistent intransigence and defiance of the international community and its
escalating repression, aggression and destabilization,
 
     Recognizing the urgent need for the termination of military, nuclear,
economic and technological collaboration with the racist regime of South
Africa, as well as the cessation of sports, cultural and other relations with
South Africa,
 
     Gravely concerned that the racist regime of South Africa has continued,
despite the mandatory arms embargo imposed by the Security Council in
resolution 418 (1977) of 4 November 1977, to obtain military equipment and
ammunition, as well as technology and know-how to develop its armaments
industry, and to acquire nuclear-weapon capability,
 
     Deploring the attitude of those Western permanent members of the Security
Council that have so far prevented the Council from adopting comprehensive
sanctions against South Africa under Chapter VII of the Charter,
 
     Deploring also the attitude of those States, in particular the United
States of America and Israel, which have continued and increased their
political, economic and other collaboration with South Africa,
 
     Gravely concerned over the activities of those transnational corporations
that continue to collaborate with the apartheid regime and of those financial
institutions that have continued to provide loans and credits to South Africa,
and over the failure of the States concerned to take effective action to
prevent such collaboration,
 
     Expressing serious concern over the greatly increased trade with,
investments in, and loans to South Africa by the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America, the Federal
Republic of Germany and Switzerland,
 
     Commending all States that have taken effective measures, in accordance
with relevant resolutions, for the elimination of apartheid in South Africa,
 
     Expressing great appreciation to intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations, in particular anti-apartheid and solidarity movements, trade
unions and religious bodies, as well as city and other local authorities, that
have taken action to isolate the racist regime of South Africa and to promote
support for comprehensive sanctions against that regime,
 
     Commending athletes, entertainers and others who demonstrated solidarity
with the oppressed people of South Africa by complying with the boycotts of
South Africa,
 
     Commending the Special Committee against Apartheid for its activities,
with the assistance of the Centre against Apartheid of the Secretariat and the
co-operation of Governments and organizations, in promoting the widest
possible support for sanctions against South Africa,
 
     Taking note of the decision of the Assembly of Heads of State and
Government of the Organization of African Unity at its nineteenth ordinary
session, held at Addis Ababa from 6 to 12 June 1983, calling for an early
convening of the Security Council for the purpose of strengthening the arms
embargo and imposing comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against South
Africa under Chapter VII of the Charter,
 
     1.   Again requests the Security Council to consider action under
Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations towards comprehensive and
mandatory sanctions against South Africa and, in particular, to take measures:
 
     (a)  To monitor effectively and to reinforce the mandatory arms embargo
against South Africa;
 
     (b)  To prohibit all co-operation with South Africa in the military and
nuclear fields by Governments, corporations, institutions and individuals;
 
     (c)  To prohibit imports of any military equipment or component parts
from South Africa;
 
     (d)  To prevent any co-operation or association with South Africa by any
military alliances;
 
     (e)  To impose an effective embargo on the supply of oil and oil products
to South Africa and on all assistance to the oil industry in South Africa;
 
     (f)  To prohibit financial loans to and new investments in South Africa,
as well as all promotion of trade with South Africa;
 
     2.   Requests all States to take all appropriate measures to facilitate
such action by the Security Council;
 
     3.   Requests all States concerned to take action against corporations
and other interests that violate the mandatory arms embargo against South
Africa or that are involved in the illicit supply to South Africa of oil from
States that have imposed an embargo against South Africa;
 
     4.   Invites all Governments and organizations to assist, in consultation
with the national liberation movements of South Africa and Namibia, persons
compelled to leave South Africa because of their objection, on the grounds of
conscience, to serving in the military or police force of the apartheid
regime;
 
     5.   Encourages action by Governments, organizations and individuals in
support of sports, cultural, consumer and other boycotts of South Africa;
 
     6.   Requests and authorizes the Special Committee against Apartheid to
intensify its activities for the total isolation of the racist regime of South
Africa and for promoting comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against South
Africa.
 
                                      E
 
         Programme of work of the Special Committee against Apartheid
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having considered the report of the Special Committee against Apartheid,
 
     1.   Congratulates the Special Committee against Apartheid for its
dedicated efforts since its inception in 1963 in promoting the international
campaign against apartheid;
 
     2.   Commends the work of the Centre against Apartheid of the Secretariat
in assisting the Special Committee;
 
     3.   Endorses the report of the Special Committee, in particular its
conclusions and recommendations on its work and that of the Centre against
Apartheid contained in paragraphs 354 to 364 of the report, and requests the
Secretary-General to take all appropriate steps to enable the Centre to
provide more effective services to the Committee;
 
     4.   Authorizes the Special Committee to organize or co-sponsor
conferences, seminars or other events, to send missions to Governments,
organizations and conferences and to assist campaigns against apartheid as it
may deem necessary in the discharge of its responsibilities, within the
financial resources allocated under the present resolution, and requests the
Secretary-General to provide the necessary staff and services for such
activities;
 
     5.   Decides to make a special allocation of $400,000 to the Special
Committee for 1984 from the regular budget of the United Nations for the cost
of special projects to be decided upon by the Committee in order to promote
the international campaign against apartheid;
 
     6.   Again requests Governments and organizations to make voluntary
contributions or provide other assistance for the special projects of the
Special Committee.
 
                                      F
 
                  Relations between Israel and South Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Reaffirming its resolutions on relations between Israel and South Africa,
 
     Having considered the special report of the Special Committee against
Apartheid on recent developments concerning relations between Israel and South
Africa,
 
     Taking note of the declarations of the International Conference on the
Alliance between South Africa and Israel and of the Second World Conference
to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination,
 
     Alarmed at the increasing collaboration by Israel with the racist regime
of South Africa, especially in the military and nuclear fields, in defiance of
resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council,
 
     Considering that such collaboration is a serious hindrance to
international action for the eradication of apartheid, an encouragement to the
racist regime of South Africa to persist in its criminal policy of apartheid
and a hostile act against the oppressed people of South Africa and the entire
African continent, and constitutes a threat to international peace and
security,
 
     1.   Again strongly condemns the continuing and increasing collaboration
by Israel with the racist regime of South Africa, especially in the military
and nuclear fields;
 
     2.   Demands that Israel desist from and terminate forthwith all forms of
collaboration with South Africa, particularly in the military and nuclear
fields, and abide scrupulously by the relevant resolutions of the General
Assembly and the Security Council;
 
     3.   Calls upon all Governments and organizations to exert their
influence to persuade Israel to desist from such collaboration and abide by
the resolutions of the General Assembly;
 
     4.   Requests the Special Committee against Apartheid to publicize, as
widely as possible, information on the relations between Israel and South
Africa and especially the Declaration of the International Conference on the
Alliance between South Africa and Israel;
 
     5.   Requests the Secretary-General to render, through the Department of
Public Information and the Centre against Apartheid of the Secretariat, all
possible assistance to the Special Committee in disseminating information
relating to the collaboration between Israel and South Africa;
 
     6.   Further requests the Special Committee to keep the matter under
constant review and to report to the General Assembly and the Security Council
as appropriate.
 
                                      G
 
             Military and nuclear collaboration with South Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Reaffirming its resolutions on military and nuclear collaboration with
South Africa, in particular its resolution 37/69 D of 9 December 1982,
 
     Recalling its resolutions concerning the denuclearization of the
continent of Africa,
 
     Recalling also Security Council resolutions 418 (1977) of
4 November 1977, 421 (1977) of 9 December 1977 and 473 (1980) of 13 June 1980,
 
     Recalling that the Security Council determined in resolution 418 (1977),
under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, that the acquisition
by South Africa of arms and related materiel constituted a threat to the
maintenance of international peace and security,
 
     Having considered the reports of the Special Committee against
Apartheid, the International Conference on Sanctions against South Africa
and the International Conference on the Alliance between South Africa and
Israel,
 
     Taking into account the declarations of the Seventh Conference of Heads
of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at New Delhi from 7 to
12 March 1983, and the resolutions adopted by the Assembly of Heads of
State and Government of the Organization of African Unity at its nineteenth
ordinary session, held at Addis Ababa from 6 to 12 June 1983,
 
     Gravely concerned that, despite the arms embargo imposed by the Security
Council, the racist regime of South Africa has continued to obtain from
certain Western States and Israel military equipment and ammunition, as well
as technology and know-how, to develop its armaments industry and
nuclear-weapon capability,
 
     Noting with grave concern that military and nuclear collaboration by
certain Western States and Israel with South Africa has enabled the racist
regime to develop its arms production and become an arms-exporting country,
 
     Recognizing that the stepped-up arms build-up and nuclear-weapon
capability as well as escalating acts of aggression by the racist regime of
South Africa constitute a grave threat to international peace and security,
 
     Expressing alarm at the growing violation of the arms embargo as well as
the continued nuclear collaboration by the United States of America and some
other Western States and Israel with the apartheid regime,
 
     Condemning the actions of those transnational corporations that continue,
through their collaboration with the racist regime of South Africa, to enhance
its military and nuclear capabilities, as well as the failure of the
Governments of the home countries of those corporations to take effective
action to prevent such collaboration in accordance with the relevant
resolutions of the United Nations,
 
     Considering the urgent need for mandatory decisions by the Security
Council, under Chapter VII of the Charter, to prohibit any military and
nuclear collaboration with the racist regime of South Africa,
 
     1.   Urges the Security Council to take mandatory decisions, under
Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, to ensure the total
cessation of all military and nuclear co-operation with the racist regime of
South Africa by Governments, corporations, institutions and individuals;
 
     2.   Strongly condemns the actions of certain Western States and Israel
which have provided the racist regime of South Africa with an enormous arsenal
of military equipment and technology, as well as assistance in its nuclear
plans, and which have allowed corporations under their jurisdiction to invest
in the armaments industry in South Africa;
 
     3.   Also condemns the recent decision of the United States of America
approving the request from seven corporations to provide technological and
maintenance service to the nuclear installation of racist South Africa;
 
     4.   Further condemns any manoeuvres to create military pacts or
arrangements with the participation of the racist regime of South Africa;
 
     5.   Calls upon all Member States:
 
     (a)  To monitor effectively and to reinforce the mandatory arms embargo
against South Africa;
 
     (b)  To prohibit all military and nuclear co-operation with South Africa
by Governments, corporations, institutions and individuals;
 
     6.   Calls upon all Governments that have not yet done so to terminate
all military and nuclear collaboration with South Africa and to take all
necessary measures for preventing corporations and enterprises under their
jurisdiction from engaging in any such collaboration.
 
                                      H
 
                  United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on the United
Nations Trust Fund for South Africa, to which is annexed the report of the
Committee of Trustees of the United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa,
 
     Gravely concerned at the continued and increased repression against
opponents of apartheid and racial discrimination in South Africa, and the
institution of numerous trials under arbitrary security legislation, as well
as continued repression in Namibia,
 
     Reaffirming that increased humanitarian assistance by the international
community to those persecuted under repressive and discriminatory legislation
in South Africa and Namibia is appropriate and essential,
 
     Recognizing that increased contributions to the Trust Fund and to the
voluntary agencies concerned are necessary to enable them to meet the
increased needs for humanitarian and legal assistance,
 
     1.   Commends the Secretary-General and the Committee of Trustees of the
United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa for their efforts to promote
humanitarian and legal assistance to persons persecuted under repressive and
discriminatory legislation in South Africa and Namibia, as well as assistance
to their families and to refugees from South Africa;
 
     2.   Expresses its appreciation to the Governments, organizations and
individuals that have contributed to the Trust Fund and to the voluntary
agencies engaged in rendering humanitarian and legal assistance to the victims
of apartheid and racial discrimination;
 
     3.   Appeals for generous and increased contributions to the Trust Fund;
 
     4.   Also appeals for direct contributions to the voluntary agencies
engaged in assistance to the victims of apartheid and racial discrimination in
South Africa and Namibia.
 
                                      I
 
                         Investments in South Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolution 37/69 H of 9 December 1982,
 
     Taking note of the report of the Special Committee against Apartheid,
 
     Convinced that a cessation of all new foreign investments in, and
financial loans to, South Africa would constitute an important step in
international action for the elimination of apartheid, as such investments and
loans abet and encourage the apartheid policies of that country,
 
     Welcoming the actions of those Governments that have taken legislative
and other measures towards that end,
 
     Noting with regret that the Security Council has not yet taken steps
towards that end, as requested by the General Assembly in its resolutions
31/6 K of 9 November 1976, 32/105 O of 16 December 1977, 33/183 O of
24 January 1979, 34/93 Q of 12 December 1979, 35/206 Q of 16 December 1980,
36/172 O of 17 December 1981 and 37/69 H of 9 December 1982,
 
     Again urges the Security Council to consider the matter at an early date
with a view to taking effective steps to achieve the cessation of further
foreign investments in, and financial loans to, South Africa.
 
                                      J
 
                       Oil embargo against South Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling and reaffirming its resolutions 36/172 G of 17 December 1981
and 37/69 J of 9 December 1982,
 
     Recalling further the Paris Declaration on Sanctions against South
Africa,
 
     Convinced of the need to ensure the effective implementation of embargoes
imposed or policies declared by most oil-producing and oil-exporting countries
with regard to the supply of their oil and oil products to South Africa, and
to secure a mandatory oil embargo against South Africa under Chapter VII of
the Charter of the United Nations,
 
     Convinced further that such action has become imperative because of
increasing repression and acts of aggression by South Africa,
 
     Commending all Governments that have imposed an oil embargo against South
Africa,
 
     Commending the Special Committee against Apartheid for its efforts, in
co-operation with Governments and intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations, to promote an effective oil embargo against South Africa,
 
     Condemning the activities of corporations and other interests engaged in
the clandestine supply to South Africa of oil from countries which have
imposed an oil embargo,
 
     Noting the need for further consultations among oil-producing and
oil-exporting countries committed to the oil embargo against South Africa on
national and international arrangements to ensure the effective implementation
of the oil embargo against South Africa and on an international conference for
that purpose,
 
     1.   Reaffirms its recommendation to the Security Council to consider
urgently a mandatory embargo on the supply of oil and oil products to South
Africa under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations;
 
     2.   Urges all States that have not yet done so to take effective
legislative and other measures to ensure the implementation of an oil embargo
against South Africa;
 
     3.   Requests all States concerned to take effective action against
corporations and tanker companies involved in the illicit supply of oil to
South Africa;
 
     4.   Requests and authorizes the Special Committee against Apartheid to
continue its efforts, including the undertaking of missions, the holding of
seminars and the publication of studies, to promote an effective oil embargo
against South Africa;
 
     5.   Invites Governments, international and non-governmental
organizations, trade unions and other appropriate bodies to lend their full
support to the oil embargo against South Africa;
 
     6.   Renews its authorization to the Secretary-General, in consultation
with the Special Committee and in the light of the conclusions reached at the
meetings of permanent representatives to the United Nations of the
oil-producing and oil-exporting countries committed to the oil embargo against
South Africa, to organize an International Conference on an Oil Embargo
against South Africa for the purpose of considering national and international
arrangements to ensure the implementation of embargoes imposed or policies
declared by oil-producing and oil-exporting countries with regard to the
supply of oil and oil products to South Africa.
 
                                      K
 
                             Apartheid in sports
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having considered the report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Drafting of
an International Convention against Apartheid in Sports,
 
     1.   Authorizes the Ad Hoc Committee on the Drafting of an International
Convention against Apartheid in Sports to continue consultations, as required,
with representatives of Governments and organizations concerned and experts on
apartheid in sports;
 
     2.   Requests the Ad Hoc Committee to continue its work with a view to
submitting the draft Convention to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth
session.