United Nations

A/RES/37/253


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 May 1983

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/37/253
                                                       16 May 1983
 
                        Question of Cyprus
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having considered the question of Cyprus,
 
     Recalling its resolution 3212 (XXIX) of 1 November 1974 and its
subsequent resolutions on the question of Cyprus,
 
     Recalling the high-level agreements of 12 February 1977 and 19 May 1979,
 
     Reaffirming the principle of the inadmissibility of occupation and
acquisition of territories by force,
 
     Greatly concerned at the prolongation of the Cyprus crisis, which poses a
serious threat to international peace and security,
 
     Deeply regretting that the resolutions of the United Nations on Cyprus
have not yet been implemented,
 
     Recalling the idea of holding an international conference on Cyprus,
 
     Deploring the fact that part of the territory of the Republic of Cyprus
is still occupied by foreign forces,
 
     Deploring the lack of progress in the intercommunal talks,
 
     Deploring all unilateral actions that change the demographic structure of
Cyprus or promote faits accomplis,
 
     Reaffirming the need to settle the question of Cyprus without further
delay by peaceful means in accordance with the provisions of the Charter of
the United Nations and the relevant United Nations resolutions,
 
     1.   Reiterates its full support for the sovereignty, independence,
territorial integrity, unity and non-alignment of the Republic of Cyprus and
calls once again for the cessation of all foreign interference in its affairs;
 
     2.   Affirms the right of the Republic of Cyprus and its people to full
and effective sovereignty and control over the entire territory of Cyprus and
its natural and other resources and calls upon all States to support and help
the Government of the Republic of Cyprus to exercise these rights;
 
     3.   Condemns any act which tends to undermine the full and effective
exercise of the above-mentioned rights, including the unlawful issue of titles
of ownership of property;
 
     4.   Welcomes the proposal for total demilitarization made by the
President of the Republic of Cyprus;
 
     5.   Expresses its support for the high-level agreements of
12 February 1977 and 19 May 1979 and all the provisions thereof;
 
     6.   Demands the immediate and effective implementation of resolution
3212 (XXIX), unanimously adopted by the General Assembly and endorsed by the
Security Council in its resolution 365 (1974) of 13 December 1974, and of the
subsequent resolutions of the Assembly and the Council on Cyprus which provide
the valid and essential basis for the solution of the problem of Cyprus;
 
     7.   Considers the withdrawal of all occupation forces from the Republic
of Cyprus as an essential basis for a speedy and mutually acceptable solution
of the problem of Cyprus;
 
     8.   Demands the immediate withdrawal of all occupation forces from the
Republic of Cyprus;
 
     9.   Commends the intensification of the efforts made by the
Secretary-General,
while noting with concern the lack of progress in the intercommunal talks;
 
     10.  Calls for meaningful, result-oriented, constructive and substantive
negotiations between the representatives of the two communities, under the
auspices of the Secretary-General, to be conducted freely and on an equal
footing, on the basis of relevant United Nations resolutions and the
high-level agreements, with a view to reaching as early as possible a mutually
acceptable agreement based on the fundamental and legitimate rights of the two
communities;
 
     11.  Calls for respect of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of
all Cypriots, including the freedom of movement, the freedom of settlement and
the right to property, and the instituting of urgent measures for the
voluntary return of the refugees to their homes in safety;
 
     12.  Considers that the de facto situation created by the force of arms
should not be allowed to influence or in any way affect the solution of the
problem of Cyprus;
 
     13.  Calls upon the parties concerned to refrain from any unilateral
action which might adversely affect the prospects of a just and lasting
solution of the problem of Cyprus by peaceful means and to co-operate fully
with the Secretary- General in the performance of his task under the relevant
resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council as well as with
the United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus;
 
     14.  Calls upon the parties concerned to refrain from any action which
violates or is designed to violate the independence, unity, sovereignty and
territorial integrity of the Republic of Cyprus;
 
     15.  Reiterates its recommendation that the Security Council should
examine the question of implementation, within a specified time-frame, of its
relevant resolutions and consider and adopt thereafter, if necessary, all
appropriate and practical measures under the Charter of the United Nations for
ensuring the speedy and effective implementation of the resolutions of the
United Nations on Cyprus;
 
     16.  Welcomes the intention of the Secretary-General, as expressed in his
report, to pursue a renewed personal involvement in the quest for a
solution of the problem of Cyprus and, in view of this, requests the
Secretary-General to undertake such actions or initiatives as he may consider
appropriate within the framework of the mission of good offices entrusted to
him by the Security Council for promoting a just and lasting solution of the
problem and to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-eighth session on
the results of his efforts;
 
     17.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its thirty-eighth
session the item entitled "Question of Cyprus" and requests the
Secretary-General to follow up the implementation of the present resolution
and to report on all its aspects to the General Assembly at that session.