United Nations

A/RES/37/221


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 December 1982

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/37/221
                                                       20 December 1982
 
           International Year of Shelter for the Homeless
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolution 35/76 of 5 December 1980, in which it expressed
the view that an international year devoted to the problems of homeless people
in urban and rural areas of the developing countries could be an appropriate
occasion to focus the attention of the international community on those
problems,
 
     Recalling also its resolution 36/71 of 4 December 1981 in which it
decided, in principle, to designate 1987 as the International Year of Shelter
for the Homeless, on the understanding that the criteria for financing and
organizing international years set out in the annex to Economic and Social
Council resolution 1980/67 of 25 July 1980 were complied with,
 
     Taking note of the report of the Executive Director of the United Nations
Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) on the International Year of Shelter
for the Homeless, together with the comments made thereon by the Commission
on Human Settlements at its fifth session and the Economic and Social Council
at its second regular session of 1982, and also the report of the
Secretary-General on the organizational and financial aspects of holding the
International Year, called for in General Assembly resolution 36/71,
 
     Taking note also of Economic and Social Council resolution 1982/46 B of
27 July 1982 on the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless,
 
     Seriously concerned that, despite the efforts of governments at the
national and local levels and of international organizations, the living
conditions of the majority of the people in slums and squatter areas and rural
settlements, especially in developing countries, continue to deteriorate in
both relative and absolute terms,
 
     Convinced that a special effort to address this fundamental issue will
strengthen overall national economic and social development, in furtherance of
the goals of the International Development Strategy for the Third United
Nations Development Decade,
 
     Having considered the recommendations of the Commission on Human
Settlements, contained in its resolution 5/14 of 7 May 1982, Economic and
Social Council resolution 1982/46 B and the report of the Secretary-General,
 
     1.   Proclaims the year 1987 International Year of Shelter for the
Homeless;
 
     2.   Decides that the objective of activities before and during the Year
will be to improve the shelter and neighbourhoods of some of the poor and
disadvantaged by the end of 1987, particularly in the developing countries,
according to national priorities, and to demonstrate by the year 2000 ways and
means of improving the shelter and neighbourhoods of the poor and
disadvantaged;
 
     3.   Also decides that special attention will be given, during the Year,
and the preparations therefore, to ways and means of:
 
     (a)  Securing renewed political commitment by the international community
to the improvement of the shelter and neighbourhoods of the poor and
disadvantaged, and to the provision of shelter for the homeless, particularly
in the developing countries, as a matter of priority;
 
     (b)  Consolidating and sharing all new and existing knowledge and
relevant experience gained since Habitat:  United Nations Conference on Human
Settlements, held in 1976, in order to provide a full range of tested and
practical alternatives for improving the shelter and neighbourhoods of the
poor and disadvantaged and for providing shelter for the homeless;
 
     (c)  Developing and demonstrating new approaches and methods to assist
directly and to augment the present efforts of the homeless, poor and
disadvantaged to secure their own shelter and in order to provide a basis for
new national policies and strategies for improving the shelter and
neighbourhoods of the poor and disadvantaged by the year 2000;
 
     (d)  Exchanging experience and providing support among countries to meet
the objectives of the Year;
 
     4.   Urges that the main thrust of the specific programme of measures and
activities to be undertaken prior to and during the Year should take place at
the national and local levels, in accordance with national plans and
priorities;
 
     5.   Endorses, in principle, the programme for the Year contained in the
report of the Secretary-General on the understanding that the criteria for
financing and organizing international years set forth in the annex to
Economic and Social Council resolution 1980/67 will be complied with and on
the understanding that the programme of measures and activities to be
undertaken prior to and during the Year will be adjusted in accordance with
the availability of voluntary contributions;
 
     6.   Designates the Commission on Human Settlements, in the framework of
its regular sessions, to act as the United Nations intergovernmental body
responsible for organizing the Year, and the United Nations Centre for Human
Settlements (Habitat) as the secretariat for the Year and as the lead agency
for co-ordinating the relevant programmes and activities of other
organizations and agencies concerned;
 
     7.   Recommends that the Commission on Human Settlements should review
annually the objectives, strategies and criteria for the Year, as well as the
guidelines referred to in paragraph 1 of Commission resolution 5/14;
 
     8.   Invites all Governments, organs, organizations and bodies of the
United Nations system, as well as other intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations concerned, including interested national institutions, to
collaborate in support of the work of the Commission on Human Settlements and
to make special efforts through existing and new programmes during the period
1983-1987 to help achieve the objectives and goals of the Year;
 
     9.   Appeals to all Governments, especially those of developed countries
and others in a position to do so, to extend generous financial and other
appropriate support to the programme for the Year;
 
     10.  Also appeals to international financial institutions and
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to extend generous
financial and other appropriate support to the programme for the Year;
 
     11.  Recommends that provision should be made in the agenda for each
session of the Commission on Human Settlements, up to the year 1987, for such
donors to indicate the nature and extent of the support which they propose to
give to the programme for the Year;
 
     12.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at
its thirty-eighth session, through the Economic and Social Council, a report
on the implementation of the approved programme of measures and activities to
be undertaken prior to and during the Year;
 
     13.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its thirty-eighth
session an item entitled "International Year of Shelter for the Homeless".