United Nations

A/RES/37/83


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 December 1982

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                               A/RES/37/83
                                               9 December 1982
 
                      Prevention of an arms race in outer space
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Inspired by the great prospects opening up before mankind as a result of
man's entry into outer space twenty-five years ago,
 
      Recognizing the common interest of all mankind in the exploration and
use of outer space for peaceful purposes,
 
      Reaffirming that the exploration and use of outer space, including the
Moon and other celestial bodies, shall be carried out for the benefit and in
the interest of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or
scientific development, and shall be the province of all mankind,
 
      Reaffirming further the will of all States that the exploration and use
of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall be
exclusively for peaceful purposes,
 
      Recalling that the States Parties to the Treaty on Principles Governing
the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including
the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, undertook in article III to carry on
activities in the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and
other celestial bodies, in accordance with international law and the Charter
of the United Nations, in the interest of maintaining international peace and
security and promoting international co-operation and understanding,
 
      Reaffirming, in particular, article IV of the said Treaty which
stipulates that States Parties to the Treaty undertake not to place in orbit
around the earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of
weapons of mass destruction, to install such weapons on celestial bodies, or
to station such weapons in outer space in any other manner,
 
      Reaffirming paragraph 80 of the Final Document of the Tenth Special
Session of the General Assembly, in which it is stated that, in order to
prevent an arms race in outer space, further measures should be taken and
appropriate international negotiations held in accordance with the spirit of
the Treaty,
 
      Recalling its resolutions 36/97 C and 36/99 of 9 December 1981,
 
      Gravely concerned at the danger posed to all mankind by an arms race in
outer space,
 
      Mindful of the widespread interest expressed by Member States in the
course of the negotiations on and following the adoption of the
above-mentioned Treaty in ensuring that the exploration and use of outer space
should be for peaceful purposes, and taking note of proposals submitted to the
General Assembly at its tenth special session, devoted to disarmament, and at
its regular sessions and to the Committee on Disarmament,
 
      Noting the grave concern expressed by the Second United Nations
Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space over the
extension of an arms race into outer space and the recommendations made to
the competent organs of the United Nations, in particular the General
Assembly, and also to the Committee on Disarmament,
 
      Convinced that further measures are needed for the prevention of an arms
race in outer space,
 
      Recognizing that, in the context of multilateral negotiations for
preventing an arms race in outer space, the resumption of bilateral
negotiations between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United
States of America can play a positive role,
 
      Taking note of the report of the Committee on Disarmament,
 
      Noting that in the course of its session in 1982 the Committee on
Disarmament considered this subject both at its formal and informal meetings
as well as through informal consultations,
 
      Aware of the various proposals submitted by Member States to the
Committee on Disarmament, particularly concerning the establishment of a
working group on outer space and its draft mandate,
 
      Noting, in particular, the express wishes of the overwhelming majority
of members of the Committee on Disarmament for the establishment, without
delay, of a working group on outer space,
 
      1.  Reaffirms the will of all States that outer space shall be used
exclusively for peaceful purposes and that it shall not become an arena for an
arms race;
 
      2.  Declares that any use of outer space other than for exclusively
peaceful purposes runs counter to the agreed objective of general and complete
disarmament under effective international control;
 
      3.  Emphasizes that further effective measures to prevent an arms race
in outer space should be adopted by the international community;
 
      4.  Calls upon all States, in particular those with major space
capabilities, to contribute actively to the objective of the peaceful use of
outer space and to take immediate measures to prevent an arms race in outer
space;
 
      5.  Requests the Committee on Disarmament to consider as a matter of
priority the question of preventing an arms race in outer space;
 
      6.  Further requests the Committee on Disarmament to establish an ad hoc
working group on the subject at the beginning of its session in 1983, with a
view to undertaking negotiations for the conclusion of an agreement or
agreements, as appropriate, to prevent an arms race in all its aspects in
outer space;
 
      7.  Requests the Committee on Disarmament to report on its consideration
of this subject to the General Assembly at its thirty-eighth session;
 
      8.  Requests the Secretary-General to transmit to the Committee on
Disarmament all documents relating to the consideration of this subject by the
General Assembly at its thirty-seventh session;
 
      9.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its thirty-eighth
session an item entitled "Prevention of an arms race in outer space".