United Nations

A/RES/37/63


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 December 1982

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                   A/RES/37/63
                                                   90th plenary meeting
                                                   3 December 1982
 
 
     37/63.  Declaration on the Participation of Women in Promoting
             International Peace and Cooperation
 
          The General Assembly,
 
          Considering that the Charter of the United Nations expresses the
     determination of the peoples of the United Nations to reaffirm faith in
     the equal rights of men and women and to practise tolerance and live
     together in peace with one another as good neighbours,
 
          Considering also that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
     proclaims that the inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights of
     all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and
     peace in the world,
 
          Considering further that the International Covenants on Human Rights
     provide for the equal right of men and women to the enjoyment of all
     economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights,
 
          Reaffirming the objectives of the United Nations Decade for Women:
     Equality, Development and Peace,
 
          Taking into account the resolutions, declarations, conventions,
     programmes and recommendations of the United Nations and the specialized
     agencies and international conferences designed to eliminate all forms of
     discrimination and to promote equal rights for men and women,
 
          Recalling that the Declaration of Mexico on the Equality of Women
     and Their Contribution to Development and Peace, 1975, states that
     women have a vital role to play in the promotion of peace in all spheres
     of life:  in the family, the community, the nation and the world,
 
          Recalling that the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
     Discrimination against Women declares that discrimination against
     women violates the principles of equality of rights and respect for human
     dignity, is an obstacle to the participation of women, on equal terms
     with men, in the economic, social, cultural, civil and political life of
     their countries and makes more difficult the full development of the
     potentialities of women in the service of their countries and of humanity,
 
          Recalling also that the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms
     of Discrimination against Women affirms that the strengthening of
     international peace and security, the relaxation of international
     tension, mutual co-operation among all States irrespective of their
     social and economic systems, general and complete disarmament and in
     particular, nuclear disarmament under strict and effective international
     control, the affirmation of the principles of justice, equality and
     mutual benefit in relations among countries and the realization of the
     right of peoples under alien and colonial domination and foreign
     occupation to self-determination and independence, as well as respect for
     national sovereignty and territorial integrity, will promote social
     progress and development and as a consequence, will contribute to the
     attainment of full equality between men and women,
 
          Recognizing that the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
     Discrimination against Women obligates States Parties to take all
     appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in all its
     forms and in every field of human endeavour, including politics, economic
     activities, law, employment, education, health care and domestic
     relations,
 
          Noting that, despite progress towards the achievement of equality
     between men and women, considerable discrimination against women
     continues to exist, thereby impeding the active participation of women in
     promoting international peace and co-operation,
 
          Welcoming the contribution which women have nevertheless made
     towards promoting international peace and co-operation, the struggle
     against colonialism, apartheid, all forms of racism and racial
     discrimination, foreign aggression and occupation and all forms of alien
     domination, and towards the unrestricted and effective enjoyment of human
     rights and fundamental freedoms,
 
          Welcoming also the contribution of women for a just restructuring of
     international economic relations and the achievement of a new
     international economic order,
 
          Convinced that women can play an important and increasing role in
     these areas,
 
          Solemnly proclaims the Declaration on the Participation of Women in
     Promoting International Peace and Co-operation set forth in the annex to
     the present resolution.
 
                                    ANNEX
           Declaration on the Participation of Women in Promoting
                     International Peace and Co-operation
 
                                    PART I
                                  Article 1
 
          Women and men have an equal and vital interest in contributing to
     international peace and co-operation.  To this end women must be enabled
     to exercise their right to participate in the economic, social, cultural,
     civil and political affairs of society on an equal footing with men.
 
                                  Article 2
          The full participation of women in the economic, social, cultural,
     civil and political affairs of society and in the endeavour to promote
     international peace and co-operation is dependent on a balanced and
     equitable distribution of roles between men and women in the family and
     in society as a whole.
 
                                  Article 3
          The increasing participation of women in the economic, social,
     cultural, civil and political affairs of society will contribute to
     international peace and co-operation.
 
                                  Article 4
          The full enjoyment of the rights of women and men and the full
     participation of women in promoting international peace and co-operation
     will contribute to the eradication of apartheid, of all forms of racism,
     racial discrimination, colonialism, neo-colonialism, aggression, foreign
     occupation and domination and interference in the internal affairs of
     States.
 
                                  Article 5
          Special national and international measures are necessary to
     increase the level of women's participation in the sphere of
     international relations so that women can contribute, on an equal basis,
     with men to national and international efforts to secure world peace and
     economic and social progress and to promote international co-operation.
 
 
                                   PART II
 
                                  Article 6
          All appropriate measures shall be taken to intensify national and
     international efforts in respect of the participation of women in
     promoting international peace and co-operation by ensuring the equal
     participation of women in the economic, social, cultural, civil and
     political affairs of society through a balanced and equitable
     distribution of roles between men and women in the domestic sphere and in
     society as a whole, as well as by providing an equal opportunity for
     women to participate in the decision-making process.
 
                                  Article 7
          All appropriate measures shall be taken to promote the exchange of
     experience at the national and international levels for the purpose of
     furthering the involvement of women in promoting international peace and
     co-operation and in solving other vital national and international
     problems.
 
                                  Article 8
          All appropriate measures shall be taken at the national and
     international levels to give effective publicity to the responsibility
     and active participation of women in promoting international peace and
     co-operation and in solving other vital national and international
     problems.
 
                                  Article 9
          All appropriate measures shall be taken to render solidarity and
     support to those women who are victims of mass and flagrant violations of
     human rights such as apartheid, all forms of racism, racial
     discrimination, colonialism, neo-colonialism, aggression, foreign
     occupation and domination and of all other violations of human rights.
 
                                  Article 10
          All appropriate measures shall be taken to pay tribute to the
     participation of women in promoting international peace and co-operation.
 
                                  Article 11
          All appropriate measures shall be taken to encourage women to
     participate in non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations aimed
     at the strengthening of international peace and security, the development
     of friendly relations among nations and the promotion of co-operation
     among States and, to that end, freedom of thought, conscience,
     expression, assembly, association, communication and movement, without
     distinction as to race, political or religious belief, language or ethnic
     origin, shall be effectively guaranteed.
 
                                  Article 12
          All appropriate measures shall be taken to provide practical
     opportunities for the effective participation of women in promoting
     international peace and co-operation, economic development and social
     progress and, to that end:
 
          (a)  To promote an equitable representation of women in governmental
     and non-governmental functions,
 
          (b)  To promote equality of opportunities for women to enter
     diplomatic service,
 
          (c)  To appoint or nominate women, on an equal basis with men, as
     members of delegations to national, regional or international meetings,
 
          (d)  To support increased employment of women at all levels in the
     secretariats of the United Nations and the specialized agencies, in
     conformity with Article 101 of the Charter of the United Nations.
 
                                  Article 13
          All appropriate measures shall be taken to establish adequate legal
     protection of the rights of women on an equal basis with men in order to
     ensure effective participation of women in the activities referred to
     above.
 
                                  Article 14
          Governments, non-governmental and international organizations,
     including the United Nations and the specialized agencies and
     individuals, are urged to do all in their power to promote the
     implementation of the principles contained in the present Declaration.