United Nations

A/RES/37/53


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 December 1982

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                  A/RES/37/53
                                                  3 December 1982
 
          Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled
          Persons
 
          The General Assembly,
 
          Recalling its resolutions 31/123 of 16 December 1976, by which it
     proclaimed the year 1981 International Year of Disabled Persons, 32/133
     of 16 December 1977, by which it established the Advisory Committee for
     the International Year of Disabled Persons, 33/170 of 20 December 1978,
     34/158 of 17 December 1979, in which it, inter alia, decided to expand
     the theme of the International Year of Disabled Persons to "Full
     participation and equality", 35/133 of 13 December 1980, 36/77 of 8
     December 1981 and 37/52 of 3 December 1982, in which it adopted the World
     Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons,
 
          Recognizing that the International Year of Disabled Persons
     contributed to the acceptance by the community of the right of disabled
     persons to participate fully in the social life and development of their
     societies and to enjoy living conditions equal to those of their fellow
     citizens,
 
          Convinced that the International Year of Disabled Persons gave a
     genuine and meaningful impetus to activities related to equalization of
     opportunities for disabled persons, as well as prevention and
     rehabilitation at all levels,
 
          Expressing its appreciation to the Advisory Committee for the
     International Year of Disabled Persons for its work, in particular for
     its contribution to the formulation of the World Programme of Action
     concerning Disabled Persons,
 
          Expressing its satisfaction with the efforts of Member States during
     the International Year of Disabled Persons to improve the conditions and
     well-being of disabled persons and their willingness to involve disabled
     persons and their organizations in all matters of concern to them,
 
          Also expressing its satisfaction with the initiatives taken by the
     specialized agencies and other organs and organizations of the United
     Nations system, non-governmental organizations and, in particular,
     organizations of disabled persons,
 
          Encouraged by the emergence of organizations of disabled persons in
     all parts of the world and their positive influence on the image and
     condition of persons with a disability,
 
          Having considered with appreciation the Vienna Affirmative Action
     Plan adopted by the World Symposium of Experts on Technical Co-operation
     among Developing Countries and Technical Assistance in Disability
     Prevention and Rehabilitation, which emphasized that, in developing
     countries, efforts to prevent disabilities should be intensified and
     standards of rehabilitation for disabled persons should be as high as
     possible,
 
          Noting in particular the results of the meetings organized for the
     International Year of Disabled Persons by the regional commissions, which
     stressed the need for more efficient technical co-operation at the
     regional and subregional levels in the training of rehabilitation
     personnel, the production of prosthetic appliances and aids using locally
     available resources and also stressed the need for an interregional
     exchange of experience in the elaboration of national programmes for the
     development of such services,
 
          Stressing that the primary responsibility for promoting effective
     measures for prevention of disability, rehabilitation and the realization
     of the goals of full participation and equality of disabled persons rests
     with the individual countries and that in this regard international
     co-operation is highly desirable and should be directed to assisting and
     supporting national efforts,
 
          Believing that, in addition to national programmes, an effective
     implementation of the World Programme of Action would be assisted by
     activities at the international level by the organs, organizations and
     agencies of the United Nations system, the non-governmental organizations
     and the organizations of disabled persons,
 
          Recognizing that such activities will be difficult to finance at the
     present time and that every effort must be made to reallocate existing
     budgets within the United Nations system,
 
         1.    Requests the Secretary-General to assist in the early
     implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled
     Persons by ensuring its wide distribution and promotion;
 
         2.    Requests Member States to develop plans related to the
     equalization of opportunities for disabled persons, as well as to
     prevention and rehabilitation, and thereby ensure early implementation of
     the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons;
 
         3.    Requests all organs, organizations and agencies of the United
     Nations system to formulate and undertake measures within their sphere of
     competence, through a reallocation of existing resources, to ensure early
     implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled
     Persons and requests, in particular, the regional commissions to
     implement suitable programmes, on the understanding that effective
     consultation and co-ordination between the various bodies is essential;
 
         4.    Requests the Secretary-General to establish interorganizational
     task forces as recommended by the Advisory Committee for the
     International Year of Disabled Persons at its third and fourth sessions
     in order to implement support services, as embodied in paragraph 17 of
     General Assembly resolution 36/77, within the existing arrangements for
     interagency co-ordination in order to support national and regional
     activities in the developing regions in the fields of prevention,
     rehabilitation and equalization of opportunities;
 
         5.    Encourages the Secretary-General to find the means to provide
     the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs of the
     Secretariat with the necessary resources to enable it to ensure follow-up
     to the International Year of Disabled Persons and to facilitate the
     implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled
     Persons;
 
         6.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue the consultative
     services to Member States concerning the design of national programmes
     for the prevention of disability, rehabilitation and equalization of
     opportunities for disabled persons and to develop a practical check list
     dealing with the equalization of opportunities for disabled persons which
     could be used by consultants in discussion with Governments of Member
     States, and to compile and distribute information on available technical
     and financial resources to assist developing countries in the prevention
     of disability, rehabilitation and equalization of opportunities;
 
         7.    Further requests the Secretary-General to continue to give
     appropriate priority to activities within the programmes for disabled
     persons with regard to organizations of disabled persons;
 
         8.    Again urges all organs, organizations and agencies of the
     United Nations system to undertake new measures or expedite those already
     under way to improve employment opportunities for disabled persons within
     these bodies at all levels and to improve access to their buildings and
     facilities and to their information sources, and requests the
     Secretary-General to submit a report on these measures to the General
     Assembly at its thirty-ninth session;
 
         9.    Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with
     Governments, to examine the need and possibility of continuing the Trust
     Fund for the International Year of Disabled Persons for the purpose of
     assisting Governments, at their request, in the implementation of the
     World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons and to submit a
     report thereon to the General Assembly at its thirty-eighth session;
 
        10.    Requests all Governments in a position to do so, the United
     Nations Development Programme and all relevant United Nations organs,
     organizations and agencies to assist Governments of developing countries,
     at their request, in the formulation of national policies and programmes
     for disabled persons;
 
        11.    Proclaims the period 1983-1992 United Nations Decade of
     Disabled Persons as a long-term plan of action, on the understanding that
     no additional resources from the United Nations system will be needed for
     this purpose, and encourages Member States to utilize this period as one
     of the means to implement the World Programme of Action concerning
     Disabled Persons;
 
        12.    Encourages Governments to proclaim national days for the
     disabled;
 
        13.    Urges international organizations and funding bodies to give
     higher priority to human resources development, in particular to training
     activities in the fields of prevention and rehabilitation and to enhance
     the equalization of opportunities and the participation of disabled
     persons;
 
        14.    Requests the organizations of the United Nations system to
     recognize the needs of disabled persons in their activities relating to
     the International Youth Year and in international and regional congresses
     and meetings that they sponsor;
 
        15.    Requests the World Health Organization, in the light of the
     experience of the International Year of Disabled Persons, to review its
     definitions of impairment, disability and handicap in consultation with
     organizations of disabled persons and other appropriate bodies;
 
        16.    Requests the Secretary-General to explore the possibility of
     convening in 1987 a meeting of experts, consisting largely of disabled
     persons, to prepare a report that would enable the Secretary-General to
     help the General Assembly at its forty-second session to evaluate the
     implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled
     Persons as provided for in paragraph 3 of resolution 37/52;
 
        17.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
     Assembly at its thirty-ninth session on the implementation of the World
     Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons.