United Nations

A/RES/37/37


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

29 November 1983

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                    A/RES/37/37
                                                    29 November 1983
 
                     The situation in Afghanistan and its implications
                     for international peace and security
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Having considered the item entitled "The situation in Afghanistan and
its implications for international peace and security",
 
      Recalling its resolutions ES-6/2 of 14 January 1980, 35/37 of
20 November 1980 and 36/34 of 18 November 1981, adopted at the sixth emergency
special session, the thirty-fifth session and the thirty-sixth session
respectively,
 
      Reaffirming the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
Nations and the obligation of all States to refrain in their international
relations from the threat or use of force against the sovereignty, territorial
integrity and political independence of any State,
 
      Reaffirming further the inalienable right of all peoples to determine
their own form of government and to choose their own economic, political and
social system free from outside intervention, subversion, coercion or
constraint of any kind whatsoever,
 
      Gravely concerned at the continuing foreign armed intervention in
Afghanistan, in contravention of the above principles, and its serious
implications for international peace and security,
 
      Noting the increasing concern of the international community over the
continued and serious sufferings of the Afghan people and over the magnitude
of social and economic problems posed to Pakistan and Iran by the presence on
their soil of millions of Afghan refugees, and the continuing increase in
their numbers,
 
      Deeply conscious of the urgent need for a political solution of the
grave situation in respect of Afghanistan,
 
      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General,
 
      Recognizing the importance of the initiatives of the Organization of the
Islamic Conference and the efforts of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries
for a political solution of the situation in respect of Afghanistan,
 
      1.  Reiterates that the preservation of the sovereignty, territorial
integrity, political independence and non-aligned character of Afghanistan is
essential for a peaceful solution of the problem;
 
      2.  Reaffirms the right of the Afghan people to determine their own form
of government and to choose their economic, political and social system free
from outside intervention, subversion, coercion or constraint of any kind
whatsoever;
 
      3.  Calls for the immediate withdrawal of the foreign troops from
Afghanistan;
 
      4.  Calls upon all parties concerned to work for the urgent achievement
of a political solution, in accordance with the provisions of the present
resolution, and the creation of the necessary conditions which would enable
the Afghan refugees to return voluntarily to their homes in safety and honour;
 
      5.  Renews its appeal to all States and national and international
organizations to continue to extend humanitarian relief assistance, with a
view to alleviating the hardship of the Afghan refugees, in co-ordination with
the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees;
 
      6.  Expresses its appreciation and support for the efforts and
constructive steps taken by the Secretary-General in the search for a solution
to the problem;
 
      7.  Requests the Secretary-General to continue those efforts with a view
to promoting a political solution, in accordance with the provisions of the
present resolution, and the exploration of securing appropriate guarantees for
non-use of force, or threat of use of force, against the political
independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of all
neighbouring States, on the basis of mutual guarantees and strict
non-interference in each other's internal affairs and with full regard for the
principles of the Charter of the United Nations;
 
      8.  Requests the Secretary-General to keep Member States and the
Security Council concurrently informed of the progress towards the
implementation of the present resolution and to submit to Member States a
report on the situation at the earliest appropriate opportunity;
 
      9.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its thirty-eighth
session the item entitled "The situation in Afghanistan and its implications
for international peace and security".