United Nations

A/RES/36/226


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 December 1981

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                      A/RES/36/226
                                                      17 December 1981
 
               The situation in the Middle East
                                      A
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Having discussed the item entitled "The situation in the Middle
          East",
 
               Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General dated 11
          November 1981,
 
               Welcoming the world-wide support extended to the just cause of
          the Palestinian people and the other Arab countries in their
          struggle against Israeli aggression and occupation in order to
          achieve a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East
          and the full exercise by the Palestinian people of its inalienable
          national rights, as affirmed by previous resolutions of the General
          Assembly relating to the question of Palestine and the situation in
          the Middle East,
 
               Gravely concerned that the Arab and Palestinian territories
          occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, still remain under Israeli
          occupation, that the relevant resolutions of the United Nations have
          not been implemented and that the Palestinian people is still denied
          the restoration of its land and the exercise of its inalienable
          national rights in conformity with international law, as reaffirmed
          by resolutions of the United Nations,
 
               Reaffirming the applicability of the Geneva Convention relative
          to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August
          1949,  to all the occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories,
          including Jerusalem,
 
               Reiterates all relevant United Nations resolutions which
          emphasize that the acquisition of territory by force is inadmissible
          under the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of
          international law and that Israel must withdraw unconditionally from
          all the occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories, including
          Jerusalem,
 
               Reaffirming further the imperative necessity of establishing a
          comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the region, based on the
          full respect for the Charter and the principles of international law,
 
               Gravely concerned also at recent Israeli actions involving the
          escalation and expansion of the conflict in the region, which
          further violate the principles of international law and endanger
          international peace and security,
 
               1.    Condemns Israel's continued occupation of the Palestinian
          and other Arab territories, including Jerusalem, in violation of the
          Charter of the United Nations, the principles of international law
          and the relevant resolutions of the United Nations, and demands the
          immediate, unconditional and total withdrawal of Israel from all
          these occupied territories;
 
               2.    Reaffirms its conviction that the question of Palestine
          is the core of the conflict in the Middle East and that no
          comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the region will be achieved
          without the full exercise by the Palestinian people of its
          inalienable national rights;
 
               3.    Reaffirms further that a just and comprehensive
          settlement of the situation in the Middle East cannot be achieved
          without the participation on an equal footing of all the parties to
          the conflict, including the Palestine Liberation Organization as the
          representative of the Palestinian people;
 
               4.    Declares once more that peace in the Middle East is
          indivisible and must be based on a comprehensive, just and lasting
          solution of the Middle East problem, under the auspices of the
          United Nations, which ensures the complete and unconditional
          withdrawal of Israel from the Palestinian and other Arab territories
          occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, and which enables the
          Palestinian people, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation
          Organization, to exercise its inalienable rights, including the
          right to return and the right to self-determination, national
          independence and the establishment of its independent sovereign
          State in Palestine in accordance with the resolutions of the United
          Nations relevant to the question of Palestine, in particular General
          Assembly resolutions ES-7/2 of 29 July 1980 and 36/120 A to F of 10
          December 1981;
 
               5.    Rejects all partial agreements and separate treaties in
          so far as they violate the recognized rights of the Palestinian
          people and contradict the principles of just and comprehensive
          solutions to the Middle East problem to ensure the establishment of
          a just peace in the area;
 
               6.    Deplores Israel's failure to comply with Security Council
          resolutions 476 (1980) of 30 June 1980 and 478 (1980) of 20 August
          1980 and General Assembly A/RES/35/207 of 16 December 1980,
          determines that Israel's decision to annex Jerusalem and to declare
          it as its "capital", as well as the measures to alter its physical
          character, demographic composition, institutional structure and
          status, are null and void and demands that they be rescinded
          immediately, and calls upon all Member States, specialized agencies
          and all other international organizations to abide by the present
          resolution and all other relevant resolutions, including General
          Assembly resolution 36/120 E;
 
               7.    Condemns Israel's aggression and practices against the
          Palestinian people in the occupied Palestinian territories and
          outside these territories, particularly in the Palestinian refugee
          camps in Lebanon, including the expropriation and annexation of
          territory, the establishment of settlements, assassination attempts
          and other terrorist, aggressive and repressive measures, which are
          in violation of the Charter and the principles of international law
          and the pertinent international conventions;
 
               8.    Strongly condemns Israeli annexationist policies and
          practices in the occupied Syrian Golan Heights, the establishment of
          settlements, the confiscation of lands, the diversion of water
          resources, the intensification of repressive measures against the
          Syrian citizens therein and the forcible imposition of the Israeli
          citizenship on Syrian nationals, and declares all these measures as
          null and void as they constitute violations of the Geneva Convention
          relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12
          August 1949;
 
               9.    Strongly condemns the Israeli aggression against Lebanon
          and the continuous bombardment and destruction of its cities and
          villages, and all acts that constitute a violation of its
          sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity and the security
          of its people, and prevent the full implementation of Security
          Council resolution 425 (1978) of 19 March 1978, including the full
          deployment of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon up to the
          internationally recognized borders;
 
               10.   Calls for strict respect of the territorial integrity,
          sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon, and supports the
          efforts of the Lebanese Government, with regional and international
          endorsement, to restore the exclusive authority of the Lebanese
          State over all of its territory up to the internationally recognized
          boundaries;
 
               11.   Deplores Israeli violations of the air space of various
          Arab countries and demands their immediate cessation;
 
               12.   Considers that the agreements on strategic co-operation
          between the United States of America and Israel signed on 30
          November 1981 would encourage Israel to pursue its aggressive and
          expansionist policies and practices in the Palestinian and other
          Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, and would
          have adverse effects on efforts for the establishment of a
          comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East and would
          threaten the security of the region;
 
               13.   Calls upon all States to put an end to the flow to Israel
          of any military, economic and financial resources, which would
          encourage it to pursue its aggressive policies against the Arab
          countries and the Palestinian people;
 
               14.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security
          Council periodically on the development of the situation and to
          submit to the General Assembly at its thirty-seventh session a
          comprehensive report covering the developments in the Middle East in
          all their aspects.
 
                                      B
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Gravely alarmed by Israel's decision of 14 December 1981 to
          apply Israeli law to the occupied Syrian Arab Golan Heights,
 
               Reaffirming that acquisition of territory by force is
          inadmissible under the Charter of the United Nations, the principle
          of international law and relevant United Nations resolutions,
 
               Reaffirming once more the applicability of the Geneva
          Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of
          War, of 12 August 1949,  to the occupied Syrian territory,
 
               Recalling its resolutions 35/122 A to F of 11 December 1980,
 
               1.    Declares that Israel's decision to apply Israeli law to
          the occupied Syrian Arab Golan Heights is null and void and has no
          legal validity whatsoever;
 
               2.    Determines that the provisions of the Geneva Convention
          of 12 August 1949 continue to apply to the Syrian territory occupied
          by Israel since 1967;
 
               3.    Strongly deplores the persistence of Israeli policy of
          annexation, which escalates tension in the region;
 
               4.    Demands that Israel, the occupying Power, rescinds
          forthwith its decision and all administrative and other measures
          relating to it, which constitute a flagrant violation of all
          relevant principles of international law;
 
               5.    Calls upon all States, specialized agencies and other
          international institutions not to recognize that decision;
 
               6.    Requests the Security Council, in the event of Israel's
          failure to implement the present resolution, to invoke Chapter VII
          of the Charter of the United Nations;
 
               7.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
          Assembly and the Security Council on the implementation of the
          present resolution.