United Nations

A/RES/36/193


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 December 1981

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                    A/RES/36/193
                                                    17 December 1981
 
          United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolutions 3201 (S-VI) and 3202 (S-VI) of 1 May
          1974 containing the Declaration and the Programme of Action on the
          Establishment of a New International Economic Order, 3281 (XXIX) of
          12 December 1974 containing the Charter of Economic Rights and
          Duties of States, and 3362 (S-VII) of 16 September 1975 on
          development and international economic co-operation,
 
               Recalling also its resolution 35/56 of 5 December 1980,
          containing the International Development Strategy for the Third
          United Nations Development Decade,
 
               Recalling further its resolutions 33/148 of 20 December 1978,
          34/190 of 18 December 1979 and 35/204 of 16 December 1980 and
          Economic and Social Council resolutions 2119 (LXIII) of 4 August
          1977, 1978/61 of 3 August 1978 and 1979/66 of 3 August 1979 and
          decision 1980/187 of 25 July 1980, regarding the convening and
          preparation of the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable
          Sources of Energy,
 
               Convinced of the importance of developing new and renewable
          sources of energy in order to contribute to meeting requirements for
          continued economic and social development, particularly in the
          developing countries, through, inter alia, the transition from the
          present international economy based primarily on hydrocarbons to one
          based increasingly on new and renewable sources of energy,
 
               Stressing that the primary responsibility for promoting the
          development and utilization of new and renewable sources of energy
          rests with individual countries, that in this regard international
          co-operation is indispensable and should be directed to assist and
          support national efforts; that developed countries bear a special
          responsibility to ensure that both their bilateral and multilateral
          efforts contribute actively to this end and that other countries in
          a position to do so should also continue to promote efforts in this
          regard,
 
               Reaffirming that the United Nations system should fully
          participate in and support the implementation of the Nairobi
          Programme of Action for the Development and Utilization of New and
          Renewable Sources of Energy through adequate institutional
          arrangements and additional and adequate resources, and that it is
          imperative to increase the responsiveness of the system in this
          respect,
 
               Reaffirming further that the final decision on further
          institutional measures will be taken by the General Assembly at its
          thirty-seventh session,
 
               Recognizing the urgent need for adopting effective measures to
          facilitate the transfer and adaptation of technology from developed
          to developing countries in particular and for mobilization of
          financial resources for the development of new and renewable sources
          of energy in developing countries,
 
               Taking note of the report adopted by the United Nations
          Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy on 21 August 1981,
 
               Taking note also of the report of the Secretary-General on the
          United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy,
 
               Noting with satisfaction the agreements reached on some issues
          at the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of
          Energy, contained in the report adopted by the Conference,
 
               Expressing deep concern that no final decisions were taken on
          some other important questions,
 
               Recognizing the need for continuing commitment and efforts on
          the part of the international community in the implementation of the
          Nairobi Programme of Action for the Development and Utilization of
          New and Renewable Sources of Energy, adopted by the Conference,
 
                                      I
 
       Nairobi Programme of Action for the Development and Utilization
                    of New and Renewable Sources of Energy
 
               1.     Expresses its appreciation and thanks to the Government
          and people of Kenya for the excellent facilities and generous
          hospitality provided for the United Nations Conference on New and
          Renewable Sources of Energy, held at Nairobi from 10 to 21 August
          1981;
 
               2.     Endorses the Nairobi Programme of Action for the
          Development and Utilization of New and Renewable Sources of Energy;
 
               3.     Urges all Governments to take effective action for the
          implementation of the Nairobi Programme of Action, and to maintain
          and/or establish, as the case may be, national focal points to
          facilitate such implementation;
 
               4.     Requests the organs, organizations and bodies of the
          United Nations system to participate fully in and support the
          implementation of the Nairobi Programme of Action, in the
          short-term, medium-term and long-term context, in particular for the
          benefit of developing countries in accordance with their national
          plans and priorities;
 
               5.     Calls upon all specialized intergovernmental
          organizations and institutions in the field of new and renewable
          sources of energy to extend their co-operation in the implementation
          of the Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
               6.     Invites all non-governmental organizations concerned in
          both the developing and developed countries, to support and
          contribute to the implementation of the Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
                                      II
                            Intergovernmental body
 
               1.     Stresses that there should be an intergovernmental body
          in the United Nations specifically concerned with new and renewable
          sources of energy and entrusted, inter alia, with guiding and
          monitoring the implementation of the Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
               2.     Decides that the final arrangements with regard to the
          intergovernmental body will be adopted by the General Assembly at
          its thirty-seventh session;
 
               3.     Further decides, without prejudice to the final
          institutional arrangements, to establish an Interim Committee on New
          and Renewable Sources of Energy, patterned on the Preparatory
          Committee for the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable
          Sources of Energy, which will hold only one session of not more than
          two weeks, that session to be held in the first half of 1982, and
          which will report to the General Assembly at its thirty-seventh
          session through the Economic and Social Council, and decides to
          entrust it with the immediate launching of the implementation of the
          Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
               4.     Takes note with appreciation of the offer of the
          Government of Italy to act as host in Rome to the meeting of the
          Interim Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy in 1982;
 
               5.     Decides that the Interim Committee, taking into account
          the provisions of paragraph 60 of the Nairobi Programme of Action,
          shall concentrate, inter alia, on:
 
               (a)    The recommendation of policy guidelines for different
          organs, organizations and bodies within the United Nations system in
          regard to new and renewable sources of energy, on the basis of the
          Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
               (b)    The formulation and recommendation of action-oriented
          plans and programmes for carrying out the Nairobi Programme of
          Action in accordance with the areas of priority action identified in
          the Programme, in particular in paragraphs 47 to 56 thereof;
 
               (c)    The promotion of the mobilization of resources required
          in the implementation of the Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
               (d)    The recommendation of guidelines to the financial
          organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system in the
          financing of activities related to the implementation of the
          measures contained in the Nairobi Programme of Action, with a view
          to helping to ensure the implementation of the measures in the
          Programme related to financial resources;
 
               6.     Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Interim
          Committee at its session in the necessary background documentation
          on the above-mentioned subjects, with particular emphasis on the
          mobilization of financial resources and the areas for priority
          action identified in the Nairobi Programme of Action, namely:
 
               (a)    Energy assessment and planning;
 
               (b)    Research, development and demonstration;
 
               (c)    Transfer, adaptation and application of mature
          technologies;
 
               (d)    Information flows, education and training;
 
               7.     Calls upon organs, organizations and bodies of the
          United Nations system to inform the Interim Committee of the
          activities they have already initiated, particularly as regards the
          source-specific measures identified in paragraphs 36 to 45 of the
          Nairobi Programme of Action with a view to assisting the Interim
          Committee in guiding and monitoring its implementation;
 
               8.     Decides that, bearing in mind the provisions of the
          present resolution, the issues for discussion by the Interim
          Committee in 1982 shall include submission of specific
          recommendations for action by the General Assembly at its
          thirty-seventh session regarding, in particular, the areas for
          priority action and ways and means of mobilizing financial and other
          resources for new and renewable sources of energy;
 
                                     III
                             Secretariat support
 
               1.     Takes note of the recommendation of the
          Secretary-General for providing the substantive support services
          required by the above-mentioned intergovernmental body, contained in
          the report of the Secretary-General, with a view to facilitating
          fully the tasks entrusted to the Interim Committee in paragraph 5 of
          section II above, and requests that these interim arrangements be
          put into effect immediately;
 
               2.     Calls upon all organs, organizations and bodies of the
          United Nations system to provide the fullest possible support to the
          arrangements proposed so as to ensure, in particular, adequate
          preparation for and follow-up to the 1982 meeting of the Interim
          Committee which is to launch the implementation of the Nairobi
          Programme of Action;
 
               3.     Decides to review secretariat support arrangements in
          the light of long-term needs at the thirty-seventh session of the
          General Assembly in the context of the final decision on further
          institutional measures and taking into account any comments the
          Interim Committee may wish to offer on these issues;
 
                                      IV
                Co-ordination within the United Nations system
 
               1.     Calls upon all organs, organizations and bodies of the
          United Nations system to organize their work and rationalize their
          activities according to established priorities in such a way as to
          meet the need for implementing the Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
               2.     Decides to entrust the Director-General for Development
          and International Economic Co-operation, within the framework of his
          mandate as defined by the General Assembly in its resolutions 32/197
          of 20 December 1977 and 33/202 of 29 January 1979, with the task of
          co-ordinating the contributions of the organs, organizations and
          bodies of the United Nations system;
 
               3.     Decides also that, in order to ensure the necessary
          co-operation and co-ordination for the implementation of the Nairobi
          Programme of Action, a co-ordinating capacity for new and renewable
          sources of energy in the Office of the Director-General, who would
          exercise the supervisory role, should be provided for, making full
          and efficient use of resources already existing within the United
          Nations and subject to the normal procedures of the General
          Assembly, and decides to review the arrangements for this
          co-ordinating capacity for new and renewable sources of energy at
          its thirty-seventh session;
 
               4.     Notes with approval the decision by the Administrative
          Committee on Co-ordination to constitute an ad hoc working group to
          prepare proposals for interagency follow-up to the Nairobi Programme
          of Action for presentation to the Interim Committee at its meeting
          in 1982;
 
               5.     Stresses that, in order to facilitate the implementation
          of the Nairobi Programme of Action, the ad hoc working group of the
          Administrative Committee on Co-ordination should, inter alia:
 
               (a)    Undertake a thorough review of the current and planned
          activities of the United Nations system in the light of the
          recommendations of the Nairobi Programme of Action, with a view to
          facilitating their adaptation and reformulation as may be necessary
          and to providing a basic framework for future projects and
          programmes;
 
               (b)    Establish ad hoc task forces as necessary, without
          prejudice to the establishment of such ad hoc task forces as may be
          recommended by the intergovernmental body, in accordance with
          paragraphs 66 and 67 of the Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
                                      V
                       Regional and subregional action
 
               1.     Emphasizes the importance of regional and subregional
          efforts for implementing the Nairobi Programme of Action and
          requests the regional commissions to undertake immediately, as
          necessary, the development of regional plans and programmes, bearing
          in mind, in particular, the areas for priority attention identified
          in paragraph 71 of the Nairobi Programme of Action, and to report
          thereon to the Interim Committee at its session in 1982;
 
                                      VI
                   Co-operation among developing countries
 
               1.     Recognizes that developing countries seek to enhance
          their collective self-reliance in various areas, which are in their
          mutual interest, through programmes of economic and technical
          co-operation in such areas as exchange of information, joint
          ventures in project development, joint efforts in research
          development, demonstration and adaptation of technologies for new
          and renewable sources of energy, and technical assistance, to
          supplement the indispensable action to be undertaken by the
          international community;
 
               2.     Calls upon in this context, the international community
          to take measures to provide, as appropriate, support and assistance
          to the efforts of developing countries to accelerate co-operation
          among themselves in the field of new and renewable sources of energy;
 
                                     VII
                     Mobilization of financial resources
 
               1.     Emphasizes that the implementation of the Nairobi
          Programme of Action requires the mobilization of additional and
          adequate resources and that each country will continue to bear the
          main responsibility for the development of its new and renewable
          sources of energy, which would require vigorous measures for a
          fuller mobilization of its domestic financial and other resources;
 
               2.     Emphasizes that the implementation of the Nairobi
          Programme of Action involves numerous types of undertakings, ranging
          from supporting actions, including national assessment on new and
          renewable sources of energy for over-all energy development, and
          pre-investment activities, to capital investment in projects and
          programmes which require additional and adequate international
          financial resources, both public and private, from all developed
          countries, international financial institutions and other
          international organizations, and that developing countries in a
          position to do so should also continue to provide assistance to
          other developing countries;
 
               3.     Reiterates that the magnitude of the demand for
          financing such types of action or activities is already considerable
          and will increase in the years to come, particularly with the
          implementation of the Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
               4.     Requests that, for the purpose of undertaking the
          various activities in line with the Nairobi Programme of Action, the
          financial mechanisms and institutions of the United Nations system
          should be provided with additional and adequate funds to meet the
          growing requirements for preliminary supporting actions and
          pre-investment activities related to the development of new and
          renewable sources of energy in developing countries;
 
               5.     Urges financial mechanisms and institutions to respond
          more widely and effectively to national requests, as well as to
          requests from the subregional, regional and international
          organizations engaged in the development of new and renewable
          sources of energy in developing countries, according to the
          priorities established in the Nairobi Programme of Action and in
          response to recommendations of the intergovernmental body as regards
          its implementation;
 
               6.     Reaffirms, in this context, that specific and additional
          resources should be directed through such channels as the United
          Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Revolving Fund for
          Natural Resources Exploration, the long-term financial arrangements
          for science and technology, the United Nations Development Programme
          Energy Account and others directly or indirectly involved, in
          accordance with national plans and priorities;
 
               7.     Urges international and regional development financial
          organizations and institutions, in particular the World Bank, to
          provide additional and adequate resources specifically for
          large-scale supporting actions, pre-investment and investment
          activities in the field of new and renewable sources of energy, in
          accordance with national priorities;
 
               8.     Takes note of the measures taken by the World Bank and
          the United Nations Development Programme to undertake a joint study
          for making as accurate an estimate as possible of the supporting
          actions and pre-investment requirements for new and renewable
          sources of energy in the developing countries in the 1980s and, in
          view of the urgency of meeting the needs of the developing countries
          in this field, requests that the final study be submitted to the
          Interim Committee, which is to launch the implementation of the
          Nairobi Programme of Action at its meeting in 1982;
 
               9.     Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
          Assembly at its thirty-seventh session on the progress made towards
          the implementation of consultative meetings as outlined in paragraph
          91 of the Nairobi Programme of Action;
 
               10.    Urges all interested parties to accelerate consideration
          of other possible avenues that would increase energy financing,
          including the mechanisms being examined in the World Bank, such as
          an energy affiliate.