United Nations

A/RES/36/172


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 December 1981

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                      A/RES/36/172
                                                      17 December 1981
 
          Policies of apartheid of the Government of South Africa
 
                                      A
                          Situation in South Africa
 
          The General Assembly,
 
               Having considered the reports of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid,
 
               Reaffirming that apartheid is a crime against humanity and a
          threat to international peace and security,
 
               Recognizing the contribution of the struggle for freedom and
          equality in South Africa to the purposes of the United Nations,
 
               Conscious of the responsibility of the United Nations and the
          international community towards the oppressed people of South Africa
          and their national liberation movement, as proclaimed, in
          particular, in General Assembly resolution 3411 C (XXX) of 28
          November 1975,
 
               Convinced that it is incumbent on the international community
          to provide all necessary assistance to the oppressed people of South
          Africa and their national liberation movement in their legitimate
          struggle for the establishment of a democratic society in accordance
          with their inalienable rights, as set forth in the Charter of the
          United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
 
               Welcoming with great satisfaction the growing mobilization of
          world public opinion and of all segments of the oppressed people of
          South Africa against apartheid,
 
               Commending, in particular, the courageous struggle of the black
          workers of South Africa for their legitimate rights,
 
               Commending the liberation movements, particularly the African
          National Congress of South Africa, and the oppressed people of South
          Africa for intensifying the armed struggle against the racist regime,
 
               Paying tribute to all those who have sacrificed their lives in
          the struggle for freedom and human dignity in South Africa,
 
               Reaffirming that the apartheid regime is totally responsible
          for precipitating violent conflict through its policy of apartheid
          and inhuman repression,
 
               Gravely concerned at the intensification of repression in South
          Africa and the imposition of death sentences on six freedom fighters
          of the African National Congress of South Africa, namely, Mr.
          Johannes Shabangu, Mr. Anthony Tsotsobe, Mr. David Moise, Mr.
          Ncimbithi Johnson Lubisi, Mr. Naphtali Manana and Mr. Petrus Tsepo
          Mashingo,
 
               Reaffirming that freedom fighters of South Africa are entitled
          to prisoner-of-war status under Additional Protocol I to the Geneva
          Conventions of 1949,
 
               Denouncing the policy of "bantustanization" designed to deprive
          the African majority of citizenship and to further dispossess it of
          its inalienable rights, as well as the continuing forced removals of
          millions of black people, as an international crime,
 
               Recognizing that apartheid cannot be reformed but must be
          totally eliminated,
 
               Noting with indignation the recent vetoing by the Western
          permanent members of the Security Council of proposals to impose
          mandatory sanctions against the apartheid regime of South Africa,
 
               Concerned that some Western countries and Israel continue to
          provide military supplies to South Africa, directly and indirectly,
          in gross violation of the provisions of Security Council resolution
          418 (1977) of 4 November 1977 forbidding the supply of arms and all
          related materiel to the apartheid regime,
 
               Reaffirming that the policies and actions of the apartheid
          regime, the strengthening of its military forces and its escalating
          acts of aggression, subversion and terrorism against independent
          African States have resulted in frequent breaches of the peace and
          constitute a grave threat to international peace and security,
 
               Recognizing the urgent need for increased humanitarian and
          educational assistance to the oppressed people of South Africa, as
          well as direct assistance to the national liberation movement in its
          legitimate struggle,
 
               Taking note of Economic and Social Council resolution 1981/54
          of 22 July 1981 on implementation of the Declaration on the Granting
          of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples and assistance to
          the oppressed people of South Africa and their national liberation
          movement by the specialized agencies and the international
          institutions associated with the United Nations,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming the Declaration on South Africa
          contained in its resolution 34/93 O of 12 December 1979,
 
               Endorsing the Paris Declaration on Sanctions against South
          Africa,  adopted by the International Conference on Sanctions
          against South Africa, held in Paris from 20 to 27 May 1981, as well
          as the declarations of international seminars organized by the
          Special Committee against Apartheid in 1981,
 
               Emphasizing the conclusion of the Paris Declaration that the
          continuing political, economic and military collaboration of certain
          Western States and their transnational corporations with the racist
          regime of South Africa encourages its persistent intransigence and
          defiance of the international community and constitutes a major
          obstacle to the elimination of the inhuman and criminal system of
          apartheid in South Africa and the attainment of self-determination,
          freedom and national independence by the people of
          Namibia,
 
               Considering that the acquisition of nuclear capability by the
          apartheid regime constitutes a grave menace to Africa and the world,
 
               Condemning all military, nuclear and other collaboration by
          certain Western States and Israel with South Africa,
 
               Condemning also the collaboration by transnational corporations
          and financial institutions with South Africa,
 
               1.    Strongly condemns the apartheid regime of South Africa
          for its burtal repression and indiscriminate torture and killings of
          workers, schoolchildren and other opponents of apartheid, and the
          imposition of death sentences on freedom fighters;
 
               2.    Vehemently condemns the apartheid regime for its repeated
          acts of aggression, subversion and terrorism against independent
          African States, designed to destabilize the whole of southern Africa;
 
               3.    Reiterates its firm conviction that the apartheid regime
          has been encouraged to undertake these criminal acts by the
          protection afforded by major Western Powers against international
          sanctions and especially by the pronouncements, policies and actions
          of the Government of the United States of America;
 
               4.    Condemns, in particular, the actions of those States,
          especially the major trading partners of South Africa, which have
          increased their political, economic and military relations with the
          racist regime of South Africa despite repeated appeals by the
          General Assembly;
 
               5.    Further condemns those transnational corporations,
          financial institutions and other organizations which collaborate
          with the racist regime and apartheid institutions in South Africa;
 
               6.    Reaffirms its conviction that comprehensive and mandatory
          sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
          universally applied, are the most appropriate and effective means by
          which the international community can assist the legitimate struggle
          of the oppressed people of South Africa and discharge its
          responsibilities for the maintenance of international peace and
          security;
 
               7.    Urges the Security Council to determine that the
          situation in South Africa, and in southern Africa as a whole,
          resulting from the policies and actions of the apartheid regime of
          South Africa constitutes a grave and growing threat to international
          peace and security and to impose comprehensive and mandatory
          sanctions against that regime under Chapter VII of the Charter;
 
               8.    Deplores the action of the Western permanent members of
          the Security Council in vetoing proposals for mandatory and
          comprehensive sanctions against South Africa and calls upon them to
          co-operate in effective action for the elimination of apartheid;
 
               9.    Denounces the proclamation of the so-called
          "independence" of the Ciskei on 4 December 1981;
 
               10.   Again calls upon all States and organizations to refrain
          from any recognition of or co-operation with the so-called
          "independent" bantustans;
 
               11.   Calls upon all States, in particular the United Kingdom
          of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America,
          the Federal Republic of Germany, France and Israel to take urgent,
          effective measures to terminate all collaboration with South Africa
          in the political, diplomatic, economic, trade, military, nuclear and
          other fields in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the
          United Nations;
 
               12.   Appeals to all States which have not yet done so to
          accede to the International Convention on the Suppression and
          Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid;
 
               13.   Reaffirms the legitimacy of the struggle of the oppressed
          people of South Africa and their national liberation movement, by
          all available means including armed struggle, for the seizure of
          power by the people, the elimination of the apartheid regime and the
          exercise of the right of self-determination by the people of South
          Africa as a whole;
 
               14.   Demands that the apartheid regime treat captured freedom
          fighters as prisoners of war under the Geneva Conventions of 1949
          and Additional Protocol I thereto;
 
               15.   Again proclaims its full support of the national
          liberation movement of South Africa as the authentic representative
          of the South African people in their just struggle for liberation;
 
               16.   Appeals to all States to provide all necessary
          humanitarian, educational, financial and other necessary assistance
          to the oppressed people of South Africa and their national
          liberation movement in their legitimate struggle;
 
               17.   Urges the United Nations Development Programme and other
          agencies of the United Nations system to expand their assistance to
          the oppressed people of South Africa and to the South African
          liberation movements recognized by the Organization of African
          Unity, namely, the African National Congress of South Africa and the
          Pan Africanist Congress of Azania, in consultation with the Special
          Committee against Apartheid;
 
               18.   Decides to continue the authorization of adequate
          financial provision in the budget of the United Nations to enable
          those liberation movements to maintain offices in New York in order
          to participate effectively in the deliberations of the Special
          Committee and other appropriate bodies;
 
               19.   Extends its greetings to the African National Congress of
          South Africa on its seventieth anniversary;
 
               20.   Requests Governments and organizations to co-operate with
          the Special Committee in publicizing the national liberation
          struggle in South Africa, its legitimate objectives and its wider
          significance;
 
               21.   Reaffirms the commitment of the United Nations to the
          total eradication of apartheid and the establishment of a democratic
          society in which all the people of South Africa as a whole,
          irrespective of race, colour, sex or creed, will enjoy equal and
          full human rights and fundamental freedoms and participate freely in
          the determination of their destiny.
 
                                      B
    International Year of Mobilization for Sanctions against South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Having considered the report of the International Conference on
          Sanctions against South Africa, held in Paris from 20 to 27 May
          1981,
 
               Recognizing that the Paris Declaration on Sanctions against
          South Africa,  adopted by the Conference, provides the framework for
          effective international action for the elimination of apartheid and
          for averting the growing threat to international peace and security,
 
               Recognizing the need to promote maximum support for the
          implementation of the Paris Declaration,
 
               Having considered the special report of the Special Committee
          against Apartheid on the International Year of Mobilization for
          Sanctions against South Africa,
 
               Having further considered resolution CM/Res.865 (XXXVII)
          adopted by the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African
          Unity at its thirty-seventh ordinary session, held at Nairobi from
          15 to 26 June 1981,
 
               1.    Endorses the Paris Declaration on Sanctions against South
          Africa and commends it to the attention of all Governments and
          organizations;
 
               2.    Proclaims 1982 as the International Year of Mobilization
          for Sanctions against South Africa;
 
               3.    Endorses the programme for the Year recommended by the
          Special Committee against Apartheid in its special report;
 
               4.    Requests the Special Committee to take all appropriate
          action to promote the widest and most effective observance of the
          Year;
 
               5.    Invites all Governments, intergovernmental and
          non-governmental organizations and institutions to participate
          effectively in the observance of the Year in co-operation with the
          United Nations;
 
               6.    Requests the Secretary-General to encourage the widest
          possible observance of the Year and to provide all necessary
          assistance to the Special Committee in the discharge of its
          responsibilities.
 
                                      C
          Acts of aggression by the apartheid regime against Angola
                     and other independent African States
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Having considered the report of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid,
 
               Gravely concerned at the explosive situation in southern Africa
          resulting from the policies and actions of the apartheid regime of
          South Africa,
 
               Condemning the continuing acts of aggression committed by the
          apartheid regime against independent African States, in particular
          its raid on Matola, Mozambique, in January 1981, its large-scale
          invasion of Angola since July 1981, and its recent invasion of
          Seychelles on 25 November 1981,
 
               Noting with grave concern that the Security Council was unable
          on 13 August 1981, owing to the veto by the United States of
          America, to adopt a resolution condemning the unprovoked and massive
          armed aggression of South Africa against Angola,
 
               Commending the Government and people of Angola, as well as the
          Governments and peoples of other front-line States, for their
          sacrifices in the cause of the liberation of South Africa and
          Namibia,
 
               Recognizing that the apartheid regime of South Africa is guilty
          of repeated breaches of the peace and acts of aggression which
          constitute an ever-growing threat to international peace and
          security,
 
               Condemning any encouragement to the apartheid regime in its
          acts of aggression, direct or indirect, as hostile to the interests
          of peace and freedom,
 
               Commending all States which have provided assistance to Angola
          and other front-line States in accordance with relevant resolutions
          of the United Nations,
 
               1.    Condemns the unprovoked acts of aggression committed by
          the racist regime of South Africa against Angola, Seychelles and
          other independent African States;
 
               2.    Urges the Security Council to adopt effective measures,
          under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, to prevent
          the breaches of peace and acts of aggression by the apartheid
          regime, and thereby avert the grave threat to international peace
          and security;
 
               3.    Demands the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all
          troops of the apartheid regime of South Africa from Angola and
          demands that South Africa respect fully the independence,
          sovereignty and territorial integrity of Angola and other States;
 
               4.    Further demands that the Government of South Africa pay
          full compensation to Angola for the damage to life and property
          caused by its acts of aggression;
 
               5.    Calls upon all States and intergovernmental and
          non-governmental organizations to provide moral and material support
          to the Government and people of Angola and other independent African
          States subjected to acts of aggression, subversion and terrorism by
          the apartheid regime;
 
               6.    Requests the Special Committee against Apartheid to
          publicize the criminal acts of aggression, subversion and terrorism
          by the apartheid regime and to promote moral and material support to
          Angola and other front-line States.
 
                                      D
          Comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming its resolution 35/206 C of 16
          December 1980,
 
               Having considered the reports of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid,
 
               Recognizing that comprehensive and mandatory sanctions under
          Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations are essential to
          avert the grave threat to international peace and security resulting
          from the policies and actions of the apartheid regime of South
          Africa,
 
               Considering that political, economic, military and any other
          collaboration with the apartheid regime of South Africa encourages
          its persistent intransigence and defiance of the international
          community and its escalating acts of repression and aggression,
 
               Deploring the attitude of those Western permanent members of
          the Security Council which have so far prevented the Council from
          adopting comprehensive sanctions against that regime under Chapter
          VII of the Charter,
 
               Further deploring the attitude of those States, in particular
          the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain
          and Northern Ireland, the Federal Republic of Germany and Israel,
          which have continued and increased their political, military,
          economic and other collaboration with South Africa,
 
               Strongly condemning the activities of those transnational
          corporations which continue to collaborate with the apartheid
          regime, especially in the military, nuclear, petroleum and other
          fields, and of those financial institutions which have continued to
          provide loans and credits to South Africa,
 
               Deploring the policies of those States which refuse to take
          firm action against transnational corporations and financial
          institutions within their jurisdiction to prevent them from
          collaborating with the apartheid regime,
 
               Commending the efforts of trade unions, religious institutions,
          student organizations and anti-apartheid movements in their
          campaigns against transnational corporations and financial
          institutions collaborating with the racist regime of South Africa,
 
               Taking into account the relevant decisions adopted by the
          Conference of Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Non-Aligned Countries
          held at New Delhi from 9 to 13 February 1981  and by the Assembly of
          Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity
          at its eighteenth ordinary session, held at Nairobi from 24 to 27
          June 1981,
 
               Having considered the declarations and reports of commissions
          of the International Conference on Sanctions against South Africa,
          as well as the declarations of the international seminars organized
          by the Special Committee,
 
               1.    Endorses the declarations of the International Conference
          on Sanctions against South Africa as well as the reports of its
          Political and Technical Commissions,  and the declarations of the
          international seminars organized by the Special Committee against
          Apartheid;
 
               2.    Also endorses the recommendations of the Seminar on
          Effective Measures to Prevent Transnational Corporations and Other
          Established Interests from Collaborating with the Racist Regime of
          South Africa, held at Geneva from 29 June to 3 July 1981;
 
               3.    Requests the Security Council urgently to consider the
          above declarations and reports with a view to the imposition of
          comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against the apartheid regime
          of South Africa under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United
          Nations;
 
               4.    Condemns the continuing economic and other collaboration
          by certain Western and other States in particular the United States
          of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
          Ireland, the Federal Republic of Germany and Israel, with the racist
          regime of South Africa;
 
               5.    Commends all Governments which have taken action to break
          off, or to refrain from, any relations with the apartheid regime of
          South Africa;
 
               6.    Urges all States which have not yet done so to adopt
          separate and collective measures for comprehensive sanctions against
          South Africa, pending action by the Security Council;
 
               7.    Calls upon all Governments which have not yet done so:
 
               (a)   To sever diplomatic, military, nuclear, economic,
                     cultural, academic, sports and other relations with the
                     apartheid regime of South Africa;
 
               (b)   To implement scrupulously the arms embargo against South
                     Africa and prohibit all forms of nuclear collaboration
                     with South Africa;
 
               (c)   To cease all direct and indirect trade and commercial
                     transactions with, as well as loans to and investments
                     in, South Africa;
 
               (d)   To terminate all government promotion of, assistance or
                     facilities to trade with and investment in South Africa;
 
               (e)   To prohibit the sale of krugerrands;
 
               (f)   To prohibit within their jurisdiction collaboration by
                     corporations and individuals with the racist regime of
                     South Africa;
 
               (g)   To cease any facilities to airlines and shipping lines of
                     South Africa and to prevent their national airlines and
                     shipping companies from providing services to and from
                     South Africa;
 
               (h)   To deny visas and other facilities to South African
                     athletes, artists, entertainers and academic
                     personalities and effectively to prevent their nationals
                     from having cultural, academic and sporting contacts with
                     South Africa;
 
               8.    Again requests States members of the European Economic
          Community, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, as
          well as parties to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, to
          take the necessary steps to deny all assistance and commercial or
          other facilities to the racist regime of South Africa;
 
               9.    Expresses serious concern that the International Monetary
          Fund and the World Bank have not taken steps to terminate loans and
          credits to South Africa and to suspend South Africa from membership;
 
               10.   Requests the Secretary-General to undertake urgent
          consultations with the International Monetary Fund and the World
          Bank in order to persuade them to respect repeated resolutions of
          the United Nations on collaboration with the apartheid regime of
          South Africa and to report to the General Assembly at its
          thirty-seventh session;
 
               11.   Requests the Secretary-General, as well as all agencies
          and organizations of the United Nations system:
 
               (a)   To withhold any facilities from, or investment of any
                     funds in, banks, financial institutions and corporations
                     which continue to give loans to or invest in South Africa;
 
               (b)   To refrain from any purchase of South African products,
                     directly or indirectly;
 
               (c)   To deny any contracts or facilities to transnational
                     corporations and financial institutions collaborating
                     with South Africa;
 
               (d)   To prohibit any official travel by South African Airways
                     or South African shipping lines;
 
               12.   Requests and authorizes the Special Committee against
                     Apartheid:
 
               (a)   To continue and intensify its campaign to achieve
                     world-wide support for comprehensive and mandatory
                     sanctions against the racist regime of South Africa;
 
               (b)   To strengthen its co-operation with trade unions and
                     other organizations to promote effective sanctions
                     against South Africa;
 
               (c)   To publicize the activities of transnational
                     corporations, financial institutions and other interests
                     collaborating with the apartheid regime of South Africa;
 
               (d)   To organize conferences and seminars, and to arrange for
                     studies and publications, on all aspects of sanctions
                     against South Africa and the continuing collaboration
                     with South Africa by Governments, corporations and other
                     interests;
 
               13.   Invites all Governments, parliaments, non-governmental
          organizations, anti-apartheid and solidarity movements, trade
          unions, religious bodies and other groups to promote comprehensive
          sanctions against South Africa in co-operation with the Special
          Committee.
 
                                      E
             Military and nuclear collaboration with South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Reaffirming its resolutions on military and nuclear
          collaboration with South Africa, in particular its resolution 35/206
          B of 16 December 1980,
 
               Recalling Security Council resolutions 418 (1977) of 4 November
          1977, 421 (1977) of 9 December 1977 and 473 (1980) of 13 June 1980,
 
               Recalling also its resolutions concerning the denuclearization
          of the continent of Africa,
 
               Having considered the reports of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid and of the International Conference on Sanctions against
          South Africa, held in Paris from 20 to 27 May 1981,
 
               Gravely concerned that the racist regime of South Africa has
          continued to obtain military equipment and ammunition, as well as
          technology and know-how, to develop its armament industry and to
          acquire nuclear-weapon capability,
 
               Recognizing that any nuclear-weapon capability of the racist
          regime of South Africa constitutes a threat to international peace
          and security,
 
               Expressing its serious concern at the failure of certain
          members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Israel and other
          States to cease their co-operation with the racist regime of South
          Africa in the military and nuclear fields and to prevent
          corporations within their jurisdiction from carrying out such
          co-operation,
 
               Condemning the attitude of those transnational corporations
          which continue, through their collaboration with the racist regime
          of South Africa, to enhance its military and nuclear capabilities,
 
               Considering the urgent need for comprehensive mandatory
          sanctions by the Security Council, under Chapter VII of the Charter
          of the United Nations, to prohibit any military and nuclear
          collaboration with the racist regime of South Africa,
 
               1.    Strongly condemns the collusion by the Governments of
          certain Western countries and other States, particularly those of
          the United States of America, the Federal Republic of Germany and
          Israel, with the racist regime of South Africa in the nuclear field
          and calls upon France and all other Governments to refrain from
          supplying the racist minority regime in South Africa, directly or
          indirectly, with installations that might enable it to produce
          uranium, plutonium and other nuclear materials, reactors or military
          equipment;
 
               2.    Further condemns the manoeuvres to create a South
          Atlantic Treaty Organization with the racist South African regime
          and appeals to the Security Council to undertake such measures to
          ensure that this sinister organization is not established;
 
               3.    Condemns all States which violate the arms embargo and
          continue to collaborate with South Africa in the military and
          nuclear fields, in particular certain Western States and Israel;
 
               4.    Expresses its deep concern over reports on the recent
          talks between the United States of America and South Africa
          concerning closer collaboration in the nuclear field;
 
               5.    Urges the Security Council to take immediate steps to
          ensure the scrupulous and full implementation of the arms embargo
          imposed by its resolution 418 (1977) of 4 November 1977 and the
          effective monitoring of the embargo in the light of the report of
          the Council Committee established by resolution 421 (1977)
          concerning the question of South Africa on ways and means of making
          the mandatory arms embargo against South Africa more effective;
 
               6.    Again requests the Security Council to take mandatory
          measures to strengthen the arms embargo and secure the immediate
          cessation of any form of collaboration with the racist regime of
          South Africa in the military and nuclear fields;
 
               7.    Requests all States to co-operate with the Special
          Committee against Apartheid in its efforts to ensure the total
          cessation of military and nuclear collaboration with the racist
          regime of South Africa;
 
               8.    Invites all Governments and organizations to assist, in
          consultation with the national liberation movements of South Africa
          and Namibia, persons compelled to leave South Africa because of
          their objection, on the ground of conscience, to serving the
          military or police force of the apartheid regime;
 
               9.    Authorizes the Special Committee:
 
               (a)   To follow closely the question of South Africa's nuclear
                     plan and capability;
 
               (b)   To continue its efforts to promote a comprehensive and
                     effective embargo on all forms of military and nuclear
                     collaboration with the racist regime of South Africa;
 
               (c)   To continue its efforts to expose all developments
                     concerning military and nuclear collaboration with the
                     racist regime of South Africa, particularly:
 
                     (i)         Supply of arms, technology and other vital
                                 resources in contravention of resolutions of
                                 the United Nations;
 
                     (ii)        Attempts to forge any military alliance with
                                 the racist regime of South Africa;
 
                     (iii)       Development of further links with the
                                 apartheid regime as an ally in the context of
                                 aggravating international tension and
                                 conflict.
 
                                      F
                      Arms embargo against South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolution 35/206 B of 16 December 1980,
 
               Further recalling Security Council resolutions 418 (1977) of 4
          November 1977, 421 (1977) of 9 December 1977 and 473 (1980) of 13
          June 1980,
 
               Recognizing the importance of the effective and universal
          implementation of the arms embargo against South Africa, the
          cessation of all military co-operation with South Africa and the
          denial of any assistance or co-operation, either direct or indirect
          to South Africa, in its military build-up or nuclear plans,
 
               Considering that military or nuclear co-operation with South
          Africa increases the threat to international peace and security,
 
               Having considered the report of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid,
 
               Taking note of the report of the International Seminar on the
          Implementation and Reinforcement of the Arms Embargo against South
          Africa,  held in London from 1 to 3 April 1981, and the Paris
          Declaration on Sanctions against South Africa,
 
               Expressing its grave concern over the large increase in the
          military budget of South Africa since the imposition of the arms
          embargo by the Security Council, the development by South Africa of
          its nuclear-weapon capability and the increasing acts of aggression
          by South Africa against independent African States,
 
               Noting with regret that the Security Council has so far failed
          to take action on the report of 19 September 1980  of its Committee
          established by resolution 421 (1977) concerning the question of
          South Africa on ways and means of making the mandatory arms embargo
          against South Africa more effective,
 
               Commending the World Campaign against Military and Nuclear
          Collaboration with South Africa and other groups for their
          co-operation in providing information to organs of the United
          Nations on infringements of the arms embargo,
 
               1.    Urges the Security Council to consider effective measures
          to reinforce and strengthen the arms embargo against South Africa,
          taking into account the recommendations of its Committee established
          by resolution 421 (1977) concerning the question of South Africa,
          the Paris Declaration on Sanctions against South Africa and the
          Declaration of the International Seminar on the Implementation and
          Reinforcement of the Arms Embargo against South Africa;
 
               2.    Calls upon all States to take effective measures to
          ensure that governmental and non-governmental organizations within
          their jurisdiction cease any relations with the military and police
          forces, military industry and nuclear institutions of South Africa;
 
               3.    Requests all States concerned to take firm steps to
          prevent any co-operation or contacts with the South Africa regime by
          military alliances to which they are parties;
 
               4.    Requests all States to extend their co-operation to the
          Special Committee against Apartheid and the Security Council
          Committee established by resolution 421 (1977) concerning the
          question of South Africa in the discharge of their respective
          mandates;
 
               5.    Requests the Secretary-General to ensure more effective
          Secretariat services for the monitoring of the arms embargo against
          South Africa and maximum co-ordination towards that end;
 
               6.    Requests and authorizes the Special Committee:
 
               (a)   To strengthen its co-operation with the Security Council
                     Committee established by resolution 421 (1977) on the
                     question of South Africa;
 
               (b)   To continue in its efforts to promote a comprehensive and
                     effective embargo on all forms of military and nuclear
                     collaboration with the racist regime of South Africa.
 
                                      G
                       Oil embargo against South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming its resolution 35/206 D of 16
          December 1980,
 
               Having considered the report of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid,
 
               Taking note of the Paris Declaration on Sanctions against South
          Africa, adopted by the International Conference on Sanctions against
          South Africa, held in Paris from 20 to 27 May 1981,  and the
          Declaration of the Conference of West European Parliamentarians on
          an Oil Embargo against South Africa, held at Brussels on 30 and 31
          January 1981,
 
               Convinced that an embargo on the supply of petroleum, petroleum
          products and other strategic materials is an essential complement to
          the arms embargo against South Africa,
 
               Commending all Governments which have imposed an oil embargo
          against South Africa,
 
               Taking note of the resolution adopted on 5 May 1981 by the
          Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries to tighten crude
          oil sales contracts to prevent oil from reaching South Africa,
 
               Reiterating the urgent need for the imposition of a mandatory
          oil embargo against South Africa under Chapter VII of the Charter of
          the United Nations and for more effective monitoring of the
          embargoes imposed by most oil-exporting States,
 
               Condemning the activities of corporations and other interests
          engaged in the clandestine supply to South Africa of oil from
          countries which imposed an oil embargo,
 
               1.    Again requests the Security Council to consider urgently
          a mandatory embargo on the supply of petroleum and petroleum
          products of South Africa under Chapter VII of the Charter of the
          United Nations;
 
               2.    Urges all States which have not yet done so to take
          effective legislative and other measures to ensure the effective
          implementation of an oil embargo against South Africa;
 
               3.    Requests all States concerned to take effective action
          against corporations and tanker companies involved in the illicit
          supply of oil to South Africa;
 
               4.    Requests and authorizes the Special Committee against
          Apartheid to continue its efforts, including the undertaking of
          missions, the holding of seminars and the publication of studies, to
          promote an effective oil embargo against South Africa;
 
               5.    Further authorizes the Special Committee, in consultation
          with the Secretary-General of the United Nations and oil-exporting
          countries, to organize if necessary, under the auspices of the
          United Nations, a conference of oil-exporting countries which have
          imposed an oil embargo against South Africa to consider national and
          international arrangements to ensure the effective implementation of
          their oil embargo;
 
               6.    Invites Governments, international and non-governmental
          organizations, trade unions and other appropriate bodies to lend
          their full support to the oil embargo against South Africa.
 
                                      H
            International Conference of Trade Unions on Sanctions
                             against South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolution 35/206 C of 16 December 1980,
 
               Deploring that some Member States have maintained and even
          increased their political, military, economic and other relations
          with South Africa despite resolutions of the United Nations on
          apartheid;
 
               Having considered the report of the International Conference on
          Sanctions against South Africa,  held in Paris from 20 to 27 May
          1981, as well as the report of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid,
 
               Recognizing the important role of trade union organizations in
          the international campaign for sanctions against South Africa,
 
               1.    Requests and authorizes the Special Committee against
          Apartheid to take all necessary steps, in co-operation with the
          United Nations Council for Namibia, the International Labour
          Organisation, the Organization of African Unity and the Organization
          of African Trade Union Unity to organize in 1982 an International
          Conference of Trade Unions on Sanctions against South Africa for the
          purpose of working out a programme of action towards the enforcement
          of sanctions against apartheid;
 
               2.    Requests the Secretary-General to provide all necessary
          assistance to the Special Committee in the organization of the
          conference.
                                      I
            Academic, cultural and sports boycotts of South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolutions 35/206 E and M of 16 December 1980,
 
               Having considered the report of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid  and the report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Drafting of
          an International Convention against Apartheid in Sports,
 
               Recognizing the importance of the participation of writers,
          musicians, artists, sportsmen, academic personalities and others in
          the international campaign against apartheid,
 
               Commending all Governments, organizations and individuals that
          have taken action for the academic, cultural, sports and other
          boycotts of South Africa in solidarity with the oppressed people of
          South Africa and their national liberation movement,
 
               Commending, in particular, the organizations and individuals in
          Ireland, New Zealand and the United States of America that have
          effectively demonstrated their opposition to exchanges with South
          African rugby teams,
 
               Deploring the actions of those sports bodies and sportsmen who
          have continued to collaborate with South Africa, and the failure of
          several Governments to take firm action to terminate sporting
          contacts with South Africa, in particular the Governments of New
          Zealand and the United States of America, which have permitted tours
          by Springbok rugby teams despite widespread public protests in their
          countries and appeals by the Special Committee,
 
               Emphasizing the urgent need for an international convention
          against apartheid in sports,
 
               1.    Commends the Special Committee against Apartheid for its
          efforts to promote an effective academic, cultural and sports
          boycott of South Africa and to mobilize academic, cultural and
          sports personalities in the campaign against apartheid;
 
               2.    Notes with appreciation the action of the Special
          Committee in publishing lists of sportsmen, entertainers and others
          visiting South Africa to enable the Governments and organizations to
          take any action that they may deem appropriate;
 
               3.    Condemns those sports organizations, sportsmen and
          promoters of sports events who have collaborated with South Africa
          in violation of the resolutions of the General Assembly and the
          International Declaration against Apartheid in Sports;
 
               4.    Endorses the proposal of the Special Committee to
          organize national and international conferences and exhibits to
          promote action by academic, cultural and sports personalities
          against apartheid;
 
               5.    Requests the Ad Hoc Committee on the Drafting of an
          International Convention against Apartheid in Sports to continue its
          work with a view to submitting a draft convention as soon as
          possible;
 
               6.    Authorizes the Ad Hoc Committee to continue consultations
          with representatives of Governments and organizations concerned and
          experts on apartheid in sports.
 
                                      J
                     Political prisoners in South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolutions concerning political prisoners in
          South Africa, in particular resolution 35/206 K of 16 December 1980,
 
               Noting with grave concern the continued escalation of
          repression against all opponents of apartheid in South Africa,
          including the persecution of black trade unionists, students and
          journalists, as well as the threats against churches,
 
               Alarmed at the imposition of death sentences on six freedom
          fighters, namely, Mr. Johannes Shabangu, Mr. Anthony Tsotsobe, Mr.
          David Moise, Mr. Neimbithi Johnson Lubisi, Mr. Naphtali Manana and
          Mr. Petrus Tsepo Mashigo,
 
               Further alarmed at the recent assassination of Attorney
          Griffith Mxenge and other opponents of the apartheid regime,
 
               Considering that the continued repression against and
          executions of opponents of apartheid are bound to have grave
          repercussions,
 
               Taking note of the Declaration adopted by the Special Committee
          against Apartheid on 12 October 1981 to commemorate the Day of
          Solidarity with South African Political Prisoners,
 
               Reaffirming the legitimacy of the struggle of the oppressed
          people of South Africa for the elimination of apartheid and the
          establishment of a democratic society,
 
               1.    Demands again that the racist regime of South Africa:
 
               (a)   End repression against the black people and other
                     opponents of apartheid;
 
               (b)   Cease all trials under arbitrary repressive laws;
 
               (c)   Refrain from the execution of persons sentenced under
                     black repressive laws for acts arising from opposition to
                     apartheid;
 
               (d)   Release all political prisoners in South Africa;
 
               (e)   Abrogate bans imposed on organizations and the media for
                     their opposition to apartheid;
 
               2.    Expresses its appreciation to those Governments, cities,
          organizations and institutions which have honoured the leaders of
          the struggle against apartheid, imprisoned or restricted by the
          South African regime, as part of the campaign for the release of
          political prisoners in South Africa;
 
               3.    Urges all Governments and intergovernmental organizations
          to take all appropriate action for an end to repression and the
          release of all political prisoners in South Africa, and to lend
          their co-operation to the Special Committee against Apartheid;
 
               4.    Requests the Special Committee, with the assistance of
          the Centre against Apartheid of the Secretariat to continue to
          promote the world campaign for the release of all political
          prisoners in South Africa.
 
                                      K
                      Women and children under apartheid
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolution 35/206 N of l6 December l980,
 
               Gravely concerned over the inhuman oppression of millions of
          women and children under apartheid, resulting in the killing,
          detention and torture of schoolchildren protesting against
          discrimination, the enforced separation of women from their husbands
          and mass starvation in the reserves,
 
               Commending the Special Committee against Apartheid and its Task
          Force on Women and Children for giving special attention to the
          plight of women and children under apartheid,
 
               Noting the wide observance of 9 August l98l as the
          International Day of Solidarity with the Struggle of Women in South
          Africa and Namibia,
 
               Noting with appreciation the establishment of the International
          Committee of Solidarity with the Struggle of Women in South Africa
          and Namibia,
 
               l.    Invites all Governments and organizations to observe 9
          August annually as the International Day of Solidarity with the
          Struggle of Women in South Africa and Namibia;
 
               2.    Encourages the Special Committee against Apartheid to
          intensify activities in support of women and children oppressed by
          apartheid, and authorizes it to organize conferences, seminars and
          missions for this purpose;
 
               3.    Appeals to all Governments and organizations to provide
          generous contributions to the projects of the national liberation
          movements and front-line States for assistance to refugee women and
          children from South Africa;
 
               4.    Invites the co-operation of all Governments and
          organizations with the Special Committee in promoting solidarity
          with and assistance to the women and children of South Africa in
          their struggle for liberation;
 
               5.    Requests the Secretary-General to ensure the closest
          co-operation by the Centre against Apartheid and the Centre for
          Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs as well as the
          Department of Public Information of the Secretariat, with a view to
          maximum publicity for the plight of women and children under
          apartheid and their struggle for national liberation.
 
                                      L
               Public information and public action against apartheid and role
               of mass media in the struggle against apartheid
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recognizing the important role of non-governmental
          organizations and of public action in the international campaign
          against apartheid,
 
               Recognizing further the importance of public information and
          the role of mass media in combating apartheid and promoting
          international action for the eradication of apartheid,
 
               Recognizing, in particular, the need to encourage trade union
          action for sanctions against South Africa,
 
               Noting with appreciation the co-operation of the United Nations
          Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the International
          Labour Organisation and other agencies in this respect,
 
               Noting with great regret the actions of some non-governmental
          organizations which are actively collaborating with the apartheid
          regime of South Africa,
 
               Recognizing, in particular, the need to encourage trade union
          action for sanctions against apartheid,
 
               Having considered the Declaration of the International Seminar
          on Publicity and Role of Mass Media in the International
          Mobilization against Apartheid,  held at Berlin, German Democratic
          Republic, from 31 August to 2 September 1981,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming its resolutions 34/93 L and M of 12
          December 1979,
 
               1.    Commends all anti-apartheid and solidarity movements,
          trade unions, religious bodies, student and youth organizations and
          other non-governmental organizations which have made a vital
          contribution to the international campaign against apartheid;
 
               2.    Commends the Declaration of the International Seminar on
          Publicity and Role of Mass Media in the International Mobilization
          against Apartheid to the attention of all Governments, organizations
          and the media;
 
               3.    Requests the Secretary-General to take steps for the
          widest dissemination of the Berlin Declaration;
 
               4.    Requests the Special Committee against Apartheid to take
          all appropriate action towards the implementation of the
          recommendations of the International Seminar on Publicity and Role
          of Mass Media in the International Mobilization against Apartheid,
          including the publication of expert studies and the organization of
          national and regional seminars for journalists;
 
               5.    Requests the Secretary-General and the Special Committee
          to give special attention to encouraging action by non-governmental
          organizations and the mass media in the international campaign
          against apartheid;
 
               6.    Authorizes the Special Committee to promote the
          organization of the International Conference of Trade Unions on
          Sanctions against South Africa;
 
               7.    Calls upon all non-governmental organizations which have
          not yet done so to desist from any form of collaboration with the
          apartheid regime and institutions based on racial discrimination in
          South Africa;
 
               8.    Requests the Secretary-General to lend his co-operation
          to the Special Committee in investigating and publicizing the
          collaboration of certain non-governmental organizations with the
          apartheid regime and institutions of South Africa, and in persuading
          them to desist from such collaboration;
 
               9.    Appeals to all Governments to contribute generously to
          the Trust Fund for Publicity against Apartheid;
 
               10.   Approves the recommendations of the Special Committee
          contained in paragraph 401 of its report  and authorizes it to
          initiate a feature service on apartheid;
 
               11.   Requests the Special Committee to continue and intensify
          co-operation with non-governmental organizations and with the
          Non-governmental Organizations Sub-Committee on Racism, Racial
          Discrimination, Apartheid and Decolonization in promoting the widest
          public mobilization for sanctions against South Africa and
          assistance to the national liberation movement of South Africa.
 
                                      M
                  Relations between Israel and South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming its resolution 35/206 E of 16
          December 1980,
 
               Having considered the special report of the Special Committee
          against Apartheid on recent developments concerning relations
          between Israel and South Africa,
 
               Gravely concerned about the reports of continued collaboration
          between Israel and South Africa, in particular in the military and
          nuclear fields,
 
               Considering that such collaboration is a serious hindrance to
          international action for the eradication of apartheid, an
          encouragement to the racist regime of South Africa to persist in its
          criminal policy of apartheid and a hostile act against the oppressed
          people of South Africa and the entire African continent, and
          constitutes a threat to international peace and security,
 
 
               1.    Strongly condemns the continuing and increasing
          collaboration by Israel with the racist regime of South Africa,
          especially in the military and nuclear fields;
 
               2.    Demands that Israel desist from and terminate all forms
          of collaboration with South Africa forthwith, particularly in the
          military and nuclear fields, and abide scrupulously by the relevant
          resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council;
 
               3.    Requests the Special Committee against Apartheid to keep
          the matter under constant review and to report to the General
          Assembly and the Security Council as appropriate.
 
                                      N
         Programme of work of the Special Committee against Apartheid
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Having considered the reports of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming its resolution 35/206 P of 16
          December 1980,
 
               Commending the Special Committee for its activities in the
          discharge of the mandate given to it by the General Assembly,
 
               Noting with appreciation the work of the Centre against
          Apartheid of the Secretariat in assisting the Special Committee,
 
               Recognizing the urgent need for the expansion of activity by
          the Special Committee and the Centre against Apartheid during 1982,
 
               1.    Reaffirms the mandate of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid for the promotion of the international campaign against
          apartheid in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the General
          Assembly and endorses the report of the Special Committee to the
          General Assembly at its thirty-sixth session in particular the
          recommendations of the Commttee on its programme of work contained
          in paragraphs 409 to 415 of its report;
 
               2.    Requests the Special Committee to give the highest
          priority in 1982 to:
 
               (a)   Mobilizing support for sanctions against South Africa;
 
               (b)   Reviewing the implementation of United Nations
                     resolutions on apartheid, especially those for the
                     promotion and effective monitoring of military, nuclear
                     and oil embargoes against South Africa;
 
               (c)   Publicizing all developments concerning military,
                     nuclear, economic, political and other collaboration with
                     the racist regime of South Africa;
 
               (d)   Promoting the participation of writers, artists and other
                     cultural personalities in the international campaign
                     against apartheid;
 
               (e)   Promoting the world campaign for the unconditional
                     release of all persons imprisoned or restricted for their
                     opposition to apartheid;
 
               3.    Decides to make a special allocation of $300,000 to the
          Special Committee for 1982 from the budget of the United Nations for
          the cost of special projects to be decided by the Committee to
          promote the international campaign against apartheid, in particular:
 
               (a)   Organization and co-sponsorship, and financial
                     assistance, to international and national conferences and
                     seminars against apartheid;
 
               (b)   Assistance to enable national liberation movements to
                     participate in such conferences;
 
               (c)   Promotion of the widest observance of international days
                     against apartheid and of international campaigns against
                     apartheid;
 
               (d)   Expert studies on apartheid;
 
               4.    Requests Governments and organizations to make voluntary
          contributions or provide other assistance for the special projects
          of the Special Committee, especially in order to promote the
          effective observance of the International Year of Mobilization for
          Sanctions against South Africa;
 
               5.    Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the
          Special Committee, to make urgent and necessary administrative
          arrangements for effective services to the Committee, as indicated
          in paragraphs 413 to 415 of its report;
 
               6.    Requests all Governments, specialized agencies and other
          institutions of the United Nations system and other organizations to
          co-operate with the Special Committee in the discharge of its
          responsibilities.
 
                                      O
                         Investments in South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolution 35/206 Q of l6 December l980,
 
               Taking note of the report of the Special Committee against
          Apartheid,
 
               Convinced that a cessation of all new foreign investments in,
          and financial loans to, South Africa would constitute an important
          step in international action for the elimination of apartheid, as
          such investments and loans abet and encourage the apartheid policies
          in that country,
 
               Welcoming the actions of those Governments which have taken
          legislative and other measures towards that end,
 
               Noting with regret that the Security Council has not yet taken
          steps towards that end, as requested in General Assembly resolutions
          31/6 K of 9 November l976, 32/l05 O of l6 December l977, 33/l83 O of
          24 January l979, 34/93 Q of l2 December l979 and 35/206 Q of l6
          December l980,
 
               Again urges the Security Council to consider the matter at an
          early date with a view to taking effective steps to achieve the
          cessation of further foreign investments in, and financial loans to,
          South Africa.
 
                                      P
                  United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on the
          United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa,  to which is annexed the
          report of the Committee of Trustees of the United Nations Trust Fund
          for South Africa,
 
               Gravely concerned at the continued and increased repression
          against opponents of apartheid and racial discrimination in South
          Africa and the institution of numerous trials under arbitrary
          security legislation, as well as continued repression in Namibia,
 
               Reaffirming that increased humanitarian assistance by the
          international community to those persecuted under repressive and
          discriminatory legislation in South Africa and Namibia is
          appropriate and essential,
 
               Recognizing that increased contributions to the Trust Fund and
          to the voluntary agencies concerned are necessary to enable them to
          meet the increased needs for humanitarian and legal assistance,
 
               1.    Commends the Secretary-General and the Committee of
          Trustees of the United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa for their
          efforts to promote humanitarian and legal assistance to persons
          persecuted under repressive and discriminatory legislation in South
          Africa and Namibia, as well as assistance to their families and to
          refugees from South Africa;
 
               2.    Expresses its appreciation to the Governments,
          organizations and individuals that have contributed to the Trust
          Fund and to the voluntary agencies engaged in rendering humanitarian
          and legal assistance to the victims of apartheid and racial
          discrimination;
 
               3.    Appeals for generous and increased contributions to the
          Trust Fund;
 
               4.    Further appeals for direct contributions to the voluntary
          agencies engaged in assistance to the victims of apartheid and
          racial discrimination in South Africa and Namibia.