United Nations

A/RES/36/120


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

10 December 1981

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                A/RES/36/120
                                                10 December 1981
 
                            Question of Palestine
                                      A
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolutions 3376 (XXX) of 10 November 1975, 31/20
          of 24 November 1976, 32/40 A and B of 2 December 1977, 33/28 A to C
          of 7 December 1978, 34/65 A and B of 29 November and 34/65 C and D
          of 12 December 1979, ES-7/2 of 29 July 1980, and 35/169 A to E of 15
          December 1980,
 
               Having considered the report of the Committee on the Exercise
          of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People,
 
               1.     Expresses its appreciation to the Committee on the
          Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for its
          efforts in performing the tasks assigned to it by the General
          Assembly;
 
               2.     Requests the Committee to keep the situation relating to
          the question of Palestine under review and to report and make
          suggestions to the General Assembly or the Security Council, as
          appropriate;
 
               3.     Authorizes the Committee to continue to exert all
          efforts to promote the implementation of its recommendations, to
          send delegations or representatives to international conferences
          where such representation would be considered by it to be
          appropriate, and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its
          thirty-seventh session and thereafter;
 
               4.     Requests the United Nations Conciliation Commission for
          Palestine, established under General Assembly resolution 194 (III)
          of 11 December 1948, as well as other United Nations bodies
          associated with the question of Palestine, to co-operate fully with
          the Committee and to make available to it, at its request, the
          relevant information and documentation which they have at their
          disposal;
 
               5.     Decides to circulate the report of the Committee to all
          the competent bodies of the United Nations and urges them to take
          the necessary action, as appropriate, in accordance with the
          Committee's programme of implementation;
 
               6.     Requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide
          the Committee with all the necessary facilities for the performance
          of its tasks.
                                      B
               The General Assembly,
 
               Having considered the report of the Committee on the Exercise
          of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People,
 
               Noting, in particular, the information contained in paragraphs
          39 to 48 of that report,
 
               Recalling its resolutions 32/40 B of 2 December 1977, 33/28 C
          of 7 December 1978, 34/65 D of 12 December 1979 and 35/169 D of 15
          December 1980,
 
               1.     Notes with appreciation the action taken by the
          Secretary-General in compliance with General Assembly resolution
          35/169 D;
 
               2.     Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the
          Special Unit on Palestinian Rights continues to discharge the tasks
          detailed in paragraph 1 of General Assembly resolution 32/40 B and
          paragraph 2 (b) of resolution 34/65 D, in consultation with the
          Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the
          Palestinian People and under its guidance;
 
               3.     Requests the Secretary-General to provide the Special
          Unit on Palestinian Rights with the necessary additional resources
          to accomplish its tasks and to expand its work programme, inter alia
          through:
 
               (a)    The organization, annually of a seminar in North America
          in addition to the regional seminars;
 
               (b)    More widespread dissemination of its publications in all
          the official languages;
 
               (c)    The translation of those publications into languages
          other than the official languages of the United Nations;
 
               4.     Also requests the Secretary-General to take necessary
          action on the redesignation of the Special Unit on Palestinian
          Rights, as requested in paragraph 1 of resolution 34/65 D, in
          keeping with the political importance of its work and its expanded
          work programme;
 
               5.     Further requests the Secretary-General to ensure the
          continued co-operation of the Department of Public Information and
          other units of the Secretariat in enabling the Special Unit on
          Palestinian Rights to perform its tasks, inter alia through the
          production, in consultation with the Committee on the Exercise of
          the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, of a film on
          Palestinian rights and through the provision of copies of the
          photographic exhibit on Palestinian rights installed at United
          Nations Headquarters and of other visual material for use by the
          Special Unit and United Nations information centres;
 
               6.     Invites all Governments and organizations to lend their
          co-operation to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable
          Rights of the Palestinian People and the Special Unit on Palestinian
          Rights in the performance of their tasks;
 
               7.     Notes with appreciation the action taken by Member
          States to observe annually on 29 November the International Day of
          Solidarity with the Palestinian People and the issuance by them of
          special postage stamps for the occasion.
 
                                      C
               The General Assembly,
 
               Having considered the report of the Committee on the Exercise
          of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People,
 
               Recalling its relevant resolutions, particularly resolutions
          31/20 of 24 November 1976 and ES-7/2 of 29 July 1980,
 
               Gravely concerned that no just solution to the problem of
          Palestine has been achieved and that this problem therefore
          continues to aggravate the Middle East conflict of which it is the
          core, and to endanger international peace and security,
 
               Convinced that wider international recognition of the facts
          underlying the question of Palestine will lead to a just solution of
          the problem,
 
               Recognizing that a lasting peace in the Middle East requires a
          just solution of the problem of Palestine through the attainment and
          exercise by the Palestinian people of its inalienable rights,
 
               Emphasizing the need for a comprehensive effort to seek
          effective ways and means to enable the Palestinian people to attain
          and to exercise these rights,
 
               1.     Decides to convene, under the auspices of the United
          Nations, an International Conference on the Question of Palestine
          not later than 1984, on the basis of General Assembly resolution
          ES-7/2;
 
               2.     Authorizes the Committee on the Exercise of the
          Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People to act as the
          Preparatory Committee for the Conference and to take all the
          necessary steps for its organization, to hold sessions particularly
          for this purpose and to make recommendations regarding, inter alia,
          the site, scheduling of and participation in the Conference, and the
          provisional agenda of the Conference;
 
               3.     Invites all appropriate United Nations bodies,
          specialized agencies and other intergovernmental and
          non-governmental organizations to co-operate with the Committee in
          the implementation of the present resolution;
 
               4.     Requests the Secretary-General to appoint a
          Secretary-General of the Conference and to provide all the necessary
          assistance to the Committee in the organization of the Conference.
                                      D
               The General Assembly,
 
               Having considered the report of the Committee on the Exercise
          of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and the
          recommendations contained therein,
 
               Having heard the statement of the Palestine Liberation
          Organization, the representative of the Palestinian people,
 
               Expressing its extreme concern that no just solution to the
          problem of Palestine has been achieved and that this problem
          therefore continues to aggravate the Middle East conflict, of which
          it is the core, and to endanger international peace and security,
 
               Reaffirming that a just and comprehensive lasting peace in the
          Middle East requires a just solution to the problem of Palestine
          through the attainment by the Palestinian people of its inalienable
          rights,
 
               Resolutely emphasizing the inadmissibility of the acquisition
          of territory by force,
 
               Recognizing the need to work for a comprehensive, just and
          lasting peace in the Middle East,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming its previous relevant resolutions,
          particularly resolutions 181 (II) of 29 November 1947, 194 (III) of
          11 December 1948, 3236 (XXIX) of 22 November 1974 and ES-7/2 of 29
          July 1980,
 
               1.     Reaffirms the inalienable right of the Palestinians to
          return to their homes and property in Palestine, from which they
          have been displaced and uprooted, and calls for their early return;
 
               2.     Reaffirms also the inalienable rights in Palestine of
          the Palestinian people, including:
 
               (a)    The right to self-determination without external
          interference, and to national independence and sovereignty;
 
               (b)    The right to establish its own independent sovereign
          State;
 
               3.     Reaffirms, in particular, that a comprehensive, just and
          lasting peace in the Middle East cannot be established without the
          withdrawal of Israel from all the occupied Palestinian and other
          Arab territories, including Jerusalem, and without the achievement
          of a just solution of the problem of Palestine on the basis of the
          attainment by the Palestinian people of its inalienable rights in
          Palestine in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and
          the relevant resolutions of the United Nations;
 
               4.     Expresses its opposition to all policies and plans aimed
          at the resettlement of the Palestinians outside their homeland;
 
               5.     Demands that Israel should withdraw completely and
          unconditionally from all the Palestinian and other Arab territories
          occupied since June 1967, including Jerusalem, with all property and
          services intact;
 
               6.     Further demands that Israel should fully comply with all
          the resolutions of the United Nations relevant to the historic
          character of the Holy City of Jerusalem, in particular Security
          Council resolutions 476 (1980) of 30 June 1980 and 478 (1980) of 20
          August 1980, and rejects the enactment of a "basic law" by the
          Israel Knesset proclaiming Jerusalem as the capital of Israel;
 
               7.     Demands that Israel should fully comply with the
          provisions, in particular, of Security Council resolution 465 (1980)
          adopted unanimously on 1 March 1980;
 
               8.     Reaffirms the basic principle that the future of the
          Palestinian people can only be considered with its participation and
          calls for the participation of the Palestine Liberation
          Organization, the representative of the Palestinian people in all
          efforts, deliberations and conferences on the question of Palestine
          and on the situation in the Middle East to be held under the
          auspices of the United Nations, on an equal footing and on the basis
          of the relevant resolutions of the United Nations;
 
               9.     Endorses the recommendations of the Committee on the
          Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People
          contained in paragraphs 49 to 53 of its report and draws the
          attention of the Security Council to the fact that action on the
          Committee's recommendations, as endorsed by General Assembly
          resolution 31/20, is long overdue;
 
               10.    Requests the Security Council to convene in order to
          consider the situation and the adoption of effective measures to
          implement the recommendations of the Committee as endorsed by the
          General Assembly in its resolution 31/20 of 24 November 1976;
 
               11.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
          thirty-seventh session the item entitled "Question of Palestine".
 
                                      E
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming its resolution 2253 (ES-V) of 4 July
          1967, 2254 (ES-V) of 14 July 1967, 35/169 of 15 December 1980 and
          36/15 of 28 October 1981,
 
               Recalling the resolutions of the Security Council relevant to
          the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, in
          particular resolutions 252 (1968) of 21 May 1968, 267 (1969) of 3
          July 1969, 271 (1969) of 15 September 1969, 298 (1971) of 25
          September 1971, 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980, 476 (1980) of 30 June
          1980 and 478 (1980) of 20 August 1980,
 
               Reaffirming that the acquisition of territory by force is
          inadmissible,
 
               Bearing in mind the specific status of Jerusalem and, in
          particular, the need for protection and preservation of the unique
          spiritual and religious dimension of the Holy Places in the City,
 
               Recalling the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of
          Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,
 
               Deploring the persistence of Israel in changing the physical
          character, the demographic composition, the institutional structure
          and the status of the Holy City of Jerusalem,
 
               1.     Determines once again that all legislative and
          administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying
          Power, which have altered or purport to alter the character and
          status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, and, in particular, the
          so-called "Basic Law" on Jerusalem and the proclamation of Jerusalem
          as the capital of Israel, are null and void and must be rescinded
          forthwith;
 
               2.     Affirms that such actions constitute a serious
          obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in
          the Middle East and a threat to international peace and security;
 
               3.     Reaffirms its resolution not to recognize that "Basic
          Law" and such other actions by Israel that, as a result of this law,
          seek to alter the character and status of Jerusalem and calls upon
          all States, specialized agencies and other international
          organizations to comply with the present resolution and other
          relevant resolutions and urges them not to conduct any business
          which is not in conformity with the provisions of the present
          resolution and the other relevant resolutions;
 
               4.     Demands that Israel should fully comply with all
          resolutions of the United Nations relevant to the historic character
          of the Holy City of Jerusalem, in particular Security Council
          resolutions 476 (1980) and 478 (1980);
 
               5.     Requests the Secretary-General to report on the
          implementation of those resolutions within six months.
 
                                      F
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling and reaffirming its resolutions 34/65 A and B of 29
          November and 34/65 C and D of 12 December 1979 and 35/169 B of 15
          December 1980,
 
               Taking note of paragraphs 26, 27 and 52 of the report of the
          Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the
          Palestinian People,
 
               1.     Strongly reaffirms its rejection of those provisions of
          the accords which ignore, infringe, violate or deny the inalienable
          rights of the Palestinian people, including the right of return, the
          right of self-determination and the right to national independence
          and sovereignty in Palestine, in accordance with the Charter of the
          United Nations and the principles of international law, and which
          envisage and condone continued Israeli occupation of the Palestinian
          territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem;
 
               2.     Expresses its strong opposition to all partial
          agreements and separate treaties which constitute a flagrant
          violation of the rights of the Palestinian people, the principles of
          the Charter and the resolutions adopted in the various international
          forums on the Palestinian issue, as well as the principles of
          international law, and declares that all agreements and separate
          treaties have no validity in so far as they purport to determine the
          future of the Palestinian people and of the Palestinian territories
          occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem;
 
               3.     Declares that no State has the right to undertake any
          actions, measures or negotiations that could affect the future of
          the Palestinian people, its inalienable rights and the occupied
          Palestinian territories without the participation of the Palestine
          Liberation Organization on an equal footing, in accordance with the
          relevant resolutions of the United Nations, rejects all such
          actions, measures and negotiations, and considers all such actions,
          measures and negotiations as a flagrant violation of the inalienable
          rights of the Palestinian people;
 
               4.     Decides that all actions, measures and negotiations to
          implement or execute such accords and agreements, or any part
          thereof, are null and void in so far as they purport to determine
          the future of the Palestinian people and of the Palestinian
          territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem.