United Nations

A/RES/36/103


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 December 1981

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                   A/RES/36/103
                                                   91st plenary meeting
                                                   9 December 1981
 
 
          36/103.  Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention
                   and Interference in the Internal Affairs of States
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Recalling its resolution 2734 (XXV) of 16 December 1970,
          containing the Declaration on the Strengthening of International
          Security, and its resolution 2131 (XX) of 21 December 1965,
          containing the Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in
          the Domestic Affairs of States and the Protection of Their
          Independence and Sovereignty,
 
               Recalling further its resolution 2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970,
          containing the Declaration of Principles of International Law
          concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation among States in
          accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, and its
          resolution 3314 (XXIX) of 14 December 1974, containing the
          Definition of Aggression,
 
               Recalling also its resolutions 31/91 of 14 December 1976,
          32/153 of 19 December 1977, 33/74 of 15 December 1978, 34/101 of 14
          December 1979 and 35/159 of 12 December 1980 on non-interference in
          the internal affairs of States,
 
               Deeply concerned at the gravity of the international situation
          and the increasing threat to international peace and security owing
          to frequent recourse to the threat or use of force, aggression,
          intimidation, military intervention and occupation, escalation of
          military presence and all other forms of intervention or
          interference, direct or indirect, overt or covert, threatening the
          sovereignty and political independence of other States, with the aim
          of overthrowing their Governments,
 
               Conscious of the fact that such policies endanger the political
          independence of States, freedom of peoples and permanent sovereignty
          over their natural resources, adversely affecting thereby the
          maintenance of international peace and security,
 
               Conscious of the imperative need for all foreign forces engaged
          in military occupation, intervention or interference to be
          completely withdrawn to their own territories, so that people under
          colonial domination, foreign occupation or racist regimes may freely
          and fully exercise their right to self-determination, so as to
          enable people of all States to administer their own affairs and
          determine their own political, economic and social system without
          external interference or control,
 
               Conscious also of the imperative need for any threat of
          aggression, any recruitment, any use of armed bands, in particular
          mercenaries, against sovereign States to be completely ended, so as
          to enable the peoples of all States to determine their own
          political, economic and social systems without external interference
          or control,
 
               Recognizing that full observance of the principles of
          non-intervention and non-interference in the internal and external
          affairs of sovereign States and peoples, either directly or
          indirectly, overtly or covertly, is essential to the fulfilment of
          the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
 
               1.    Approves the Declaration on the Inadmissibility of
          Intervention and Interference in the Internal Affairs of States, the
          text of which is annexed to the present resolution;
 
               2.    Requests the Secretary-General to ensure the widest
          disseminaion of this Declaration to States, the specialized agencies
          and other organizations in associaton with the United Nations, and
          other appropriate bodies.
 
                                    ANNEX
 
            Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention and
                Interference in the Internal Affairs of States
 
               The General Assembly,
 
               Reaffirming, in accordance with the Charter of the United
          Nations, that no State has the right to intervent directly or
          indirectly for any reason whatsoever in the internal or external
          affairs of any other State,
 
               Reaffirming further the fundamental principle of the Charter of
          the United Nations that all States have the duty not to threaten or
          use force against the sovereignty, political independence or
          territorial integrity of other States,
 
               Bearing in mind that the establishment, maintenance and
          strengthening of international peace and security are founded upon
          freedom, equality, self-determination and independence, respect for
          the sovereignty of States, as well as permanent sovereignty of
          States over their natural resources, irrespective of their
          political, economic or social systems or the levels of their
          development,
 
               Considering that full observance of the principle of
          non-intervention and non-interference in the internal and external
          affairs of States is of the greatest importance for the maintenance
          of international peace and security and for the fulfilment of the
          purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
 
               Reaffirming in accordance with the Charter the right to
          self-determination and independence of people under colonial
          domination, foreign occupation or racist regimes,
 
               Stressing that the purposes of the United Nations can be
          achieved only under conditions where peoples enjoy freedom and
          States enjoy sovereign equality and comply fully with the
          requirements of these principles in their international relations,
 
               Considering that any violation of the principle of
          non-intervention and non-interference in the internal and external
          affairs of States poses a threat to the freedom of peoples, the
          sovereignty, political independence, territorial integrity of States
          to their political, economic, social and cultural development, and
          also endangers international peace and security,
 
               Considering that a declaration on the inadmissibility of
          intervention and interference in the internal affairs of States will
          contribute towards the fulfilment of the purposes and principles of
          the Charter of the United Nations,
 
               Considering the provisions of the Charter as a whole and taking
          into account the resolutions adopted by the United Nations relating
          to the contents of this principle, in particular those containing
          the Declaration on the Strengthening of International
          Security, the Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in
          the Domestic Affairs of States and the Protection of Their
          Independence and Sovereignty, the Declaration of Principles of
          International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation
          among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations
          and the Definition of Aggression,
 
               Solemnly declares that:
 
                     1.  No State or group of States has the right to
               intervene or interfere in any form or for any reason whatsoever
               in the internal and external affairs of other States.
 
                     2.  The principle of non-intervention and
               non-interference in the internal and external affairs of States
               comprehends the following rights and duties:
 
                                      I
                     (a)  Sovereignty, political independence, territorial
               integrity, national unity and security of all States, as well
               as national indentity and cultural heritage of their peoples;
 
                     (b)  The sovereign and inalienable right of a State
               freely to determine its own political, economic, cultural and
               social system, to develop its international relations and to
               exercise permanent sovereignty over its natural resources, in
               accordance with the will of its people, without outside
               intervention, interference, subversion, coercion or threat in
               any form whatsoever;
 
                     (c)  The right of States and peoples to have free access
               to information and to develop fully, without interference,
               their system of information and mass media and to use their
               information media in order to promote their political, social,
               economic and cultural interests and aspirations, based, inter
               alia, on the relevant articles of the Universal Declaration of
               Human Rights and the principles of the new international
               information order;
 
                                      II
                     (a)  The duty of States to refrain in their international
               relations from the threat or use of force in any form
               whatsoever to violate the existing internationally recognized
               boundaries of another State, to disrupt the political, social
               or economic order of other States, to overthrow or change the
               political system of another State or its Government, to cause
               tension between or among States or to deprive peoples of their
               national identity and cultural heritage;
 
                     (b)  The duty of a State to ensure that its territory is
               not used in any manner which would violate the sovereignty,
               political independence, territorial integrity and national
               unity or disrupt the political, economic and social stability
               of another State; this obligaion applies also to States
               entrusted with responsibility for territories yet to attain
               self-determination and national independence;
 
                     (c)  The duty of a State to refrain from armed
               intervention, subversion, military occupation or any other form
               of intervention and interference, overt or covert, directed at
               another State or group of States, or any act of military,
               political or economic interference in the internal affairs of
               another State, including acts of reprisal involving the use of
               force;
 
                     (d)  The duty of a State to refrain from any forcible
               action which deprives peoples under colonial domination or
               foreign occupation of their right to self-determination,
               freedom and independence;
 
                     (e)  The duty of a State to refrain from any action or
               attempt in whatever form or under whatever pretext to
               destabilize or to undermine the stability of another State or
               of any of its institutions;
 
                     (f)  The duty of a State to refrain from the promotion,
               encouragement or support, direct or indirect, of rebellious or
               secessionist activities within other States, under any pretext
               whatsoever, or any action which seeks to disrupt the unity or
               to undermine or subvert the political order of other States;
 
                     (g)  The duty of a State to prevent on its territory the
               training, financing and recruitment of mercenaries, or the
               sending of such mercenaries into the territory of another State
               and to deny facilities, including financing, for the equipping
               and transit of mercenaries;
 
                     (h)  The duty of a State to refrain from concluding
               agreements with other States designed to intervene or interfere
               in the internal and external affairs of third States;
 
                     (i)  The duty of States to refrain from any measure which
               would lead to the strengthening of existing military blocs or
               the creation or strengthening of new military alliances,
               interlocking arrangements, the deployment of interventionist
               forces or military bases and other related military
               installations conceived in the context of great-Power
               confrontation;
 
                     (j)  The duty of a State to abstain from any defamatory
               campaign, villification or hostile propaganda for the purpose
               of intervening or interfering in the internal affairs of other
               States;
 
                     (k)  The duty of a State, in the conduct of its
               international relations in the economic, social, technical and
               trade fields, to refrain from measures which would constitute
               interference or intervention in the internal or external
               affairs of another State, thus preventing it from determining
               freely its political, economic and social development; this
               includes, inter alia, the duty of a State not to use its
               external economic assistance programme or adopt any
               multilateral or unilateral economic reprisal or blockade and to
               prevent the use of transnational and multinational corporations
               under its jurisdiction and control as instruments of political
               pressure or coercion against another State, in violation of the
               Charter of the United Nations;
 
                     (l)  The duty of a State to refrain from the exploitation
               and the distortion of human rights issues as a means of
               interference in the internal affairs of States, of exerting
               pressure on other States or creating distrust and disorder
               within and among States or groups of States;
 
                     (m)  The duty of a State to refrain from using terrorist
               practices as state policy against another State or against
               peoples under colonial domination, foreign occupation or racist
               regimes and to prevent any assistance to or use of or tolerance
               of terrorist groups, saboteurs or subversive agents against
               third States;
 
                     (n)  The duty of a State to refrain from organizing,
               training, financing and arming political and ethnic groups on
               their territories or the territories of other States for the
               purpose of creating subversion, disorder or unrest in other
               countries;
 
                     (o)  The duty of a State to refrain from any economic,
               political or military activity in the territory of another
               State without its consent;
 
                                     III
                     (a)  The right of States to participate actively on the
               basis of equality in solving outstanding international issues,
               thus contributing to the removal of causes of conflicts and
               interference;
 
                     (b)  The right and duty of States fully to support the
               right to self-determination, freedom and independence of
               peoples under colonial domination, foreign occupation or racist
               regimes, as well as the right of these peoples to wage both
               political and armed struggle to that end, in accordance with
               the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
               Nations;
 
                     (c)  The right and duty of States to observe, promote and
               defend all human rights and fundamental freedoms within their
               own national territories and to work or the elimination of
               massive and flagrant violations of the rights of nations and
               peoples, and in particular, for the elimination of apartheid
               and all forms of racism and racial discrimination;
 
                     (d)  The right and duty of States to combat, within their
               constitutional prerogatives, the dissemination of false or
               distorted news which can be interpreted as interference in the
               internal affairs of other States or as being harmful to the
               promotion of peace, co-operation and friendly relations among
               States and nations;
 
                     (e)  The right and duty of States not to recognize
               situations brought about by the threat or use of force or acts
               undertaken in contravention of the principle of
               non-intervention and non-interference.
 
               3.    The right and duties set out in this Declaration are
          interrelated and are in accordance with the Charter of the United
          Nations.
 
               4.    Nothing in this Declaration shall prejudice in any manner
          the right to self-determination, freedom and independence of peoples
          under colonial domination, foreign occupation or racist regimes, and
          the right to seek and receive support in accordance with the
          purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
 
               5.    Nothing in this Declaration shall prejudice in any manner
          the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
 
               6.    Nothing in this Declaration shall prejudice action taken
          by the United Nations under Chapters VI and VII of the Charter of
          the United Nations.