United Nations


General Assembly

27 June 1997


           Letter dated 26 June 1997 from the Permanent Representative
           of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to
                             the Secretary-General

     I hereby have the honour to transmit the text of an appeal by the
State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, adopted
on 20 June 1997, to the special session of the General Assembly on the
overall review and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21.

                                                    (Signed)  S. LAVROV


         Appeal by the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian
         Federation, dated 20 June 1997, to the special session of the
         General Assembly on the overall review and appraisal of the
                          implementation of Agenda 21

     In connection with the opening of the special session of the
United Nations General Assembly to Review and Appraise the
Implementation of Agenda 21 (hereinafter referred to as the special
session), the State Duma of the Russian Federation,

     Recognizing the need to implement the concept of sustainable
development and desirous of contributing to the achievement of goals
stipulated in Agenda 21,

     Guided by principle 25 of the Rio Declaration on environment and
development, in accordance with which "Peace, development, and
environmental protection are interdependent and indivisible",

     Reaffirming the Russian Federation's commitment to the idea of the
elimination of nuclear weapons, and seeking to reorient military
technologies and redistribute military expenditures in the interests
of sustainable development,

     Welcoming the special session and understanding its enormous
international significance,

     Notes that a number of the difficulties encountered in the
implementation of Agenda 21 relate to the exceptional complexity of
tasks set in the document, caused by the lack of environmentally safe
global energy technologies,

     Draws the attention of the special session to the fact that the
Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
(Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992) does not reflect the prospective
potential of astronautics and space exploration,

     Notes that, should mankind reassign the nuclear missile potential
scheduled for elimination to the delivery of extraterrestrial
materials into Earth orbits, man could exploit the resources of the
solar system in the course of the twenty-first century,

     States that, through the rational application in outer space of
the technical and technological legacy of the arms race, instead of
its hasty destruction, the use of the existing nuclear missile
potential of the Russian Federation, the United States of America, and
other countries for the benefit of sustainable development is capable
of giving impetus to the preservation and improvement of the
environment by mobilizing extraterrestrial energy and material
resources for the development of civilization,

     The State Duma believes that the following would promote the
exploitation of outer space resources:

     An appeal by the special session to Member States to review their
attitude towards nuclear and space technology with regard for its
influence on people's outlook on the world, and taking into account
the new opportunities provided by missile and nuclear disarmament;

     An appeal by the special session to the Governments of the Russian
Federation and the United States of America to consider the rational
employment of their missile and nuclear potential as a contribution of
these two countries to common efforts to ensure sustainable
development and preservation of the natural environment of this earth;
to start - should the response of the two Governments be positive -
developing relevant international programmes and projects ensuring
respect for the regime of non-proliferation of nuclear and missile
technologies and for intellectual property rights;

     An appeal by the special session to the business, technological
and scientific communities, as well as to non-governmental
organizations, to support research and development relating to the use
of astronautics and nuclear capacities in the interests of sustainable
development through financing and the provision of independent
international expertise;

     An appeal by the special session to the mass media to ensure, by
providing reliable, full, and timely information, the transparency of
decision-making in regard to the above-mentioned issues, and the
possibility of public participation in such decision-making.

     The State Duma calls on:

     The United Nations to create an international legal basis for the
process of redirecting nuclear missile potential to the objectives
stipulated in Agenda 21 and to ensure the financing of an
international expert analysis of the attendant positive and negative

     Developed and developing countries to participate on an equal
partnership footing in the above activities, ensuring the equitable
distribution of expenditures,

     The Governments of the nuclear Powers to start developing in the
course of nuclear disarmament technologies and means for the peaceful
use in outer space of nuclear missile potential and to make provision
for international programmes and projects, inter alia, by reallocating
resources assigned to defence expenditures,

     The State Duma wishes the special session fruitful work in the
name of cooperation of the nations of the Earth for the implementation
of Agenda 21, and expresses the hope that the above-mentioned issues
will be understood and constructively resolved, which in turn will
promote peace, disarmament, trust and mutual understanding among



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Date last posted: 15 January 2000 16:15:30
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