United Nations

A/53/275


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

18 August 1998

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH





                                                        A/53/275
       
                                                        Original: English
       
       
General Assembly
Fifty-third session
Item 23 of the provisional agenda*
Cooperation between the United Nations and 
  the Caribbean Community

     * A/53/150.


     Cooperation between the United Nations and the Caribbean Community


                   Report of the Secretary-General


Contents         

                                                      Paragraphs  Page

  I.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1         2

 II.  Consultations and exchange of information. . . .   2-4        2

III.  Information received from the United Nations 
      system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5-65       2

      A.   United Nations Secretariat. . . . . . . . .   6-18       2

      B.   United Nations Development Programme. . . .  19-30       4

      C.   United Nations Environment Programme. . . .  31-34       5

      D.   United Nations International Drug 
           Control Programme . . . . . . . . . . . . .  35-38       6

      E.   United Nations High Commissioner for 
           Refugees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    39        7

      F.   International Research and Training 
           Institute for the Advancement of
           Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  40-41       7

      G.   United Nations Educational, Scientific and 
           Cultural Organization . . . . . . . . . . .  42-47       7


      H.   Universal Postal Union. . . . . . . . . . .    48        8

      I.   World Bank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    49        8

      J.   World Food Programme. . . . . . . . . . . .    50        8

      K.   Economic Commission for Latin America and 
           the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  51-65       8


       I.     Introduction


1.   The present report is submitted pursuant to General
Assembly resolution A/51/16 of 11 November 1996,
entitled "Cooperation between the United Nations and the
Caribbean Community", by which, inter alia, the Assembly
requested the Secretary-General to submit a report on the
implementation of the resolution to the Assembly at its 
fifty-third session.


       II.     Consultations and exchange of information


2.   At the First General Meeting between Representatives
of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and its
Associated Institutions and of the United Nations system,
held at United Nations Headquarters on 27 and 28 May
1997, both Secretaries-General made opening statements.
During the meeting, the Secretary-General of the United
Nations and the Secretary-General of CARICOM signed a
Cooperation Agreement between the two organizations. The
meeting recognized that there already existed a high degree
of collaboration between the United Nations and
CARICOM. It, however, welcomed new areas of possible
cooperation and agreed that those should be further
explored and developed, subject to financial and human
resource constraints. The report of the meeting, containing
its conclusions and recommendations, was issued as
UN/CARICOM/GM1/1997/1.

3.   On 28 and 29 July 1998, the Secretary-General of
CARICOM attended the Third Meeting between the United
Nations and Regional Organizations which was convened
by the Secretary-General to discuss practical and more
effective ways of preventing conflicts. In his opening
address, the Secretary-General stated that the need for
increased cooperation between the United Nations and
regional organizations had never been greater and that they
had an obligation to enhance their cooperation for the
prevention of deadly conflicts.

4.   At the invitation of CARICOM, the United Nations
was represented by the Under-Secretary-General for
Political Affairs and the Deputy Secretary-General,
respectively, at the 18th and 19th Conference of Heads of
State and Government of the Caribbean, held in Jamaica and
Saint Lucia, in July 1997 and 1998.


      III.     Information received from the
               United Nations system


5.   In response to a request by the Department of Political
Affairs, the heads of agencies, programmes, departments
and offices of the United Nations system supplied the
information summarized below.


        A.     United Nations Secretariat


               Department of Political Affairs

6.   The Department of Political Affairs is the focal point
for cooperation between the United Nations and regional
organizations. In that capacity, the Department coordinated
the implementation of General Assembly resolution 51/16,
including the convening of the First General Meeting
between Representatives of the Caribbean Community and
its Associated Institutions and the United Nations system
and the preparation of the Secretary-General's report to the
General Assembly.

7.   The Department was also responsible for the
substantive organization of the Third Meeting between the
United Nations and regional organizations. The meeting
examined the potential for greater interaction and
cooperation between the United Nations and regional
organizations in the field of conflict prevention within the
framework of the Charter of the United Nations and the
mandates of regional organizations. While recognizing that
no single model of cooperation would cover all
eventualities, various possible modalities for cooperation
were considered on the basis of the currently existing
organizational strengths and capabilities.

8.   Pursuant to resolution 49/141, the Department sent
notes verbales and letters to the heads of all components of
the United Nations system, requesting them to identify, in
their respective offices, officers responsible for CARICOM
affairs who would be CARICOM focal points in various
areas of work. Subsequently, the Department established
and continues to maintain a list of United Nations focal
points which was communicated to CARICOM in order to
facilitate a more pragmatic and cost-effective cooperation
between the two systems.

9.   The Department was represented at the Conference
on Governance, Democracy and Civil Society in the
Caribbean Community, co-sponsored by the United Nations
Development Programme (UNDP), the CARICOM
secretariat, the Inter-American Development Bank, the
Organization of American States (OAS) and the University
of the West Indies, held in Christ Church, Barbados, on 9
and 10 September 1997. The Department was also invited
to observe the Second OAS/CARICOM General Meeting
which took place at OAS headquarters, Washington, D.C.,
on 23 and 24 April 1998. 

10.  In carrying out its mandate, the Department maintains
close contact with the officials of the CARICOM secretariat,
permanent representatives of States members of CARICOM
and the permanent observer of CARICOM to the United
Nations.


               Office of Internal Oversight Services

11.  During the period 30 March 3 April 1998, the Office
organized a week-long briefing and orientation programme
on its organization and functions for Ms. Margaret 
Godson-Phillips, Head of CARICOM's Oversight Office. Separate
and detailed sessions were held with Ms. Godson-Phillips
by 10 oversight officers on, among other subjects, the
auditing, monitoring and evaluation methods and techniques
used by the Office in the day-to-day exercise of its internal
oversight functions. The Office also provided Ms. Godson-Phillips 
with a variety of publications and other materials  
copies of United Nations staff and financial regulations and
rules, the United Nations procurement manual etc. -- which,
it was indicated, would be used as a basis for assessing the
adequacy of comparable CARICOM issuances.


               Department of Public Information

12.  During the fifty-first and fifty-second sessions of the
General Assembly, the Department gave coverage to
statements by Heads of State or Government and Foreign
Ministers of the region, through its 15-minute radio feature
"UN Caribbean Magazine" (English, adapted into Dutch and
French/Creole) as well as segments of its weekly news
programme "Caribbean News Roundup". It produced a six-part 
series on law of the sea matters and interviewed both
the Deputy Secretary-General of the International Sea-Bed
Authority and the Registrar of the International Tribunal for
the Law of the Sea.

13.  Two radio feature programmes exclusively devoted
to the subject were produced: "The Caribbean Community
and the United Nations getting closer" and "Improving
cooperation between the United Nations and regional
organizations to prevent conflicts -- a perspective from the
CARICOM Secretary-General".

14.  A wide range of issues and events concerning the
United Nations and CARICOM were covered extensively
by the Department's multimedia services, particularly
through press releases, radio magazines and feature
programmes. Some of the highlights included: the signing
of the cooperation agreement between the United Nations
and the Caribbean Community in May 1997; the United
Nations Secretary-General's address stressing "a new era
of partnership" between the United Nations and CARICOM
at the June 1997 meeting of the Caribbean Heads of
Government in Jamaica; the May 1997 Regional Seminar
on Decolonization, held in Antigua and Barbuda;
CARICOM seeking United Nations support to stop
transshipment of nuclear waste through the Caribbean Sea;
CARICOM member States expressing support for the
establishment of an international criminal court;
CARICOM's appeal to the international community to
support the Iwokrama International Rain Forest Programme;
a CARICOM and United Nations convention to empower
children; the views of CARICOM member States on human
rights issues; the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General's 
attendance at the Conference of CARICOM's
Heads of State, held in July 1998; and the ceremonies
commemorating the twenty-fifth anniversary of the
Chaguaramas Treaty establishing CARICOM and the
Caribbean Common Market in 1973.

15.  Other themes covered extensively by the Department
included sustainable development (follow-up to the Global
Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island
Developing States); poverty reduction programmes
(Caribbean Ministerial Meeting on Poverty Eradication of
the Economic Commission for Latin America and the
Caribbean (ECLAC)); cooperation in the area of governance
and development; trade and investment (documentaries on
the eleventh session of the United Nations Conference on
Trade and Development (UNCTAD XI), and a look at the
role of ECLAC); and the problem of drugs and the increase
of small arms and crime in the region.

16.  In the area of library and publication services, the
following developments should be acknowledged. During
the period under review, the Department intensified its
network of gift-and-exchange partners in the region through
the Dag Hammarskjo"ld Library. Also, appropriate action
was taken to ensure that CARICOM was regularly receiving
United Nations documents and publications. In turn, the
Dag Hammarskjold Library regularly receives the
documents and publications issued by CARICOM and
indexes them in its documentation database
(UNBIS/Horizon). 

17.  A Library workshop for United Nations depository
librarians in the region on the use of United Nations
documents is being planned for January 1999 in Port of
Spain.

18.  The Yearbook of the United Nations continued its
regular coverage of developments regarding cooperation
between the United Nations and CARICOM, including
publishing the full texts of resolutions adopted by the
General Assembly on the subject. The UN Chronicle has
reported on cooperation between the United Nations and
CARICOM in the context of its coverage of General
Assembly proceedings as well as deliberations of other
legislative bodies. Issue No. 3 (1998) carries an article
especially written for the Chronicle by Ambassador Patrick
Lewis of Antigua and Barbuda on CARICOM concerns
voiced at the General Assembly's twentieth special session
on the problem of illicit drugs.


        B.     United Nations Development Programme


19.  Cooperation between UNDP and CARICOM is
conducted largely through the national country programmes,
the Regional Cooperation Framework for Latin America and
the Caribbean (CARICOM component) and the subregional
Caribbean Multi-Island Programme which supports
initiatives for the countries of the Organization of Eastern
Caribbean States (OECS).

20.  The focus of UNDP's cooperation programmes
derives from the mandates of its Executive Board and from
consultations with national Governments and relevant
institutions -- namely, the CARICOM and OECS
secretariats. UNDP's programmes are focused primarily on
the thematic areas of poverty eradication, environmental
management, governance and development, and trade and
integration, with gender as a cross-cutting theme. Efforts
aimed at streamlining and focusing the programmes
continue in view of the necessity to assist the countries in
mobilizing external resources for capacity-building and
development. Strengthening coordination among
development partners and forging strategic alliances with
other donors -- bilateral and multilateral -- have also
assumed greater importance.

21.  In addition to the traditional technical cooperation
programmes, the Caribbean region also benefits from other
technical cooperation programmes of UNDP. They include
the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and GEF Small
Grants Programme, the Montreal Protocol, the Partners in
Development Programme, LIFE Programme, and the
Poverty Strategies Initiative Fund. Moreover, in an effort
to deliver UNDP's technical cooperation support in a more
efficient and effective manner, the Organization proposes
to establish a subregional resource facility in the Caribbean
region which will focus on the establishment of an on-line
referral service consisting of a network of institutions and
individuals, the capturing and sharing of "best practices",
and the delivery of substantive technical advice on
sustainable human development matters to country offices,
Governments and the United Nations system as a whole.


               Follow-up to recent global conferences

22.  In line with the mandates and recommendations
arising from recent global conferences, especially in the
area of poverty eradication and social development, UNDP
continues to assist Caribbean Governments in their efforts
to formulate and implement national poverty eradication
plans, strategies and policies. The Poverty Strategies
Initiative has provided critical support for implementation
of the commitments undertaken at the World Summit for
Social Development. Substantive support has also been
provided to programme countries for engaging national
partners in a dialogue on the policy and institutional
framework for poverty reduction and for the conduct of
poverty surveys and assessments. Proposed assistance, too,
is planned for activities that will build capacities for the
establishment of a comprehensive approach to poverty
measurement and monitoring beyond traditional income
indicators.

23.  With regard to environmental protection and
regeneration, ongoing technical cooperation support is
being provided for building physical planning capacities and
for programmes that link environmental management with
poverty eradication. Assistance too, is being provided to
countries to develop coordinated strategies and policies for
natural resource management that are consistent with
international agreements, conventions, accords, and action
plans. In addition, CARICOM countries are receiving
support through UNDP's forestry programme and the
biodiversity window of the GEF in developing strategies for
sustainable forest management and the protection of
biodiversity.

24.  The Second United Nations Conference on Human
Settlements (Habitat II) served as a major catalyst for the
Caribbean region to rethink its approach and policy
orientation towards human settlements development. UNDP
provided strategic support to Governments in the
formulation of a Caribbean Human Settlements Plan of
Action which was endorsed in April 1997. In collaboration
with the United Nations Centre for Human Settlement,
support has been provided for the development of land-use
and management strategies and environmental protection
in the Caribbean. In view of the region's proneness to
natural disasters, in collaboration with the Organization of
American States (OAS) and the United States Aid for
International Development (USAID), among others, UNDP
has continued to provide support to the Caribbean Disaster
Emergency Response Agency, in order to improve disaster
response, management and preparedness.


     Technical cooperation in sustainable development

25.  The Special Unit for Technical Cooperation among
Developing Countries within UNDP has been given the
mandate for the Organization's follow-up to the global
Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island
Developing States. In fulfilment of this mandate for the
implementation of the relevant technical assistance
programme, UNDP completed a directory of experts on
small island developing States (SIDS). A needs assessment
survey aimed at determining the region's technical
cooperation requirements was also completed. The mandate
for facilitating electronic networking among small island
developing States, under the rubric SIDSNET, will, after
much delay, shortly be fulfilled. The network, which will
initially focus on three chapters of the Programme of Action
for the Sustainable Development of Small Island
Developing States,1 is expected to incorporate eventually
all the issues of the Programme of Action. In addition,
UNDP is currently providing support to national and
regional organizations through the Regional Caribbean
Capacity 21 Programme in the development of Web
homepages and in the provision of a regional node of the
Sustainable Development Networking Programme to foster
networking between those organizations. This process has
been undertaken in collaboration with the University of the
West Indies Centre for Environment and Development, the
Caribbean Conservation Association, and the Jamaica
Resources Conservation Authority, among others.

26.  In order to assist the Governments of the region more
directly in building their capacities for sustainable
development, UNDP appointed a Caribbean Sustainable
Development Advisor, who currently functions out of the
Trinidad and Tobago country office. The Advisor's primary
responsibilities are to oversee the delivery of the Capacity
21 Programme, which is aimed at providing assistance to
countries in improving their national capacity for
implementing Agenda 21, support the implementation of the
Programme of Action and provide substantive technical and
policy advice to member Governments of CARICOM.


               Trade and integration

27.  In the area of trade and integration, UNDP's
assistance to the Caribbean region has taken the form of
providing support to CARICOM. Specifically, assistance
has been provided for the establishment of a CARICOM
single market and economy, through the design of an
appropriate legal framework and then support for putting
it into operation. Support too, is ongoing for broad-based
consultations and an awareness-building campaign which
aims at fostering consensus on the purposes and potential
benefits of economic and trade integration.

28.  As CARICOM continues to deepen its own integration
scheme, there are many simultaneous trade and economic
negotiation processes ongoing for which technical support
is required. UNDP will continue to assist in building the
negotiating capacities of CARICOM countries to prepare
their own agendas for trade negotiations at the global,
hemispheric and regional levels. Targeted support is
planned, too, for enhancing the region's competitiveness in
the production of goods and services, thereby facilitating
its further integration into the global economy.


               Governance and development

29.  UNDP commissioned a study on this topic in an effort
to stimulate discussion and promote dialogue on the range
of governance issues from a Caribbean perspective. Last
September, UNDP co-sponsored, along with the Inter-American 
Development Bank, OAS and the CARICOM
secretariat, among others, the regional Conference on
Governance, Democracy and Civil Society. UNDP's
assistance in the area of governance has focused generally
on capacity-building for the reform of public
administrations, strengthening the electoral process, support
for building capacities of civil society organizations, and
assistance to countries in special circumstances, including
playing a leading role in coordinating resource mobilization
efforts during the recovery phase. In addition, UNDP has
provided support to decentralization efforts to enable people
to participate more meaningfully in governance processes
and decision-making and to encourage their active
involvement in the formulation of development programmes
that are tailored to their local needs and priorities.

30.  UNDP intends to work more closely in partnership
with non-governmental organizations, women's
organizations and community-based organizations and will
promote greater gender equality in procedures, structures
and functions of governance.


        C.     United Nations Environment Programme


31.  UNEP provided support to the CARICOM secretariat
for the preparation and convening of the Caribbean Sea
Forum, held in Trinidad and Tobago from 2 to 6 June 1998,
in celebration of the Year of the Ocean.

32.  The projects/activities below have been or will be
undertaken in the CARICOM countries, although not
directly in conjunction with CARICOM:

               (a)     Collaboration with the Organization of Eastern
Caribbean States on the Workshop on Implementation of
International Treaties and Conventions, held in Saint Kitts
and Nevis, 23-26 June 1998;

               (b)     Ongoing assistance for land-based pollution
management in Point Lisas, Trinidad and Tobago, through
the UNEP Heavily Contaminated Bays Project;

               (c)     Project proposal to be implemented at the end
of 1998 on marine planning, with special emphasis on
environment and fisheries. The project might initially be
implemented in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago;

               (d)     Implementation of the project Sand Dune
Rehabilitation, in Anguilla from June 1997 to July 1998, in
collaboration with OECS. The objectives are the
rehabilitation of dunes in two sites in Anguilla and the
building of awareness on sand dune rehabilitation and beach
erosion processes;

               (e)     Ongoing development of the National Turtle
Recovery Plan, in Trinidad and Tobago, which includes
training and awareness activities;

               (f)     Implementation of the project Improving Water
Quality, of the west coast of Saint Lucia, which began in
June 1997 and ended in July 1998, in collaboration with the
Caribbean Environmental Health Institute. The objective
is to provide support for the improvement of sewage
treatment plant operations for three hotels;

               (g)     Ongoing development of national manatee
recovery plans for Belize and Trinidad and Tobago;

               (h)     For late 1998, coral reef monitoring activities
and support for a marine protected area in Saint Lucia;

               (i)     Technical assistance to Barbados, Jamaica and
Trinidad and Tobago to establish information systems
through the Internet, in order to strengthen the capabilities
of managing data on coastal and marine environment
resources.

33.  All CARICOM countries were invited to participate
in the following training activities: 

               (a)     Solid and Waste Water Management for the
Tourism Industry, Saint Lucia, 2 9 February 1998;

               (b)     Training the Trainers on Integrated Coastal Area
Management for Tourism, Jamaica, 9 20 February 1998;

               (c)     Integrated Coastal Area Management for
Tourism, Barbados, 27 30 April 1998.

34.  The following technical reports will be distributed to
all CARICOM countries:

               (a)     Regional Overview of Best Management
Practices in Hotels and Marine Protected Areas; 

               (b)     Environmental Management Tool Kit: a volume
with information on guidance of environmental
enhancement for hotels;

               (c)     Green Resource Directory: techniques, products
and services for improved environmental management in
tourism facilities;

               (d)     Code of Conduct for Hotels: set of consolidated
guidelines of various strategic documents;

               (e)     Regional Environmental Action Plan for
Tourism: key steps for the implementation of Agenda 21 in
the Caribbean;

               (f)     Database on Marine Protected Areas of the
Wider Caribbean.


        D.     United Nations International Drug
               Control Programme


35.  UNDCP and CARICOM have strengthened their
relationship to ensure regional coordination and cooperation
in drug control.

36.  CARICOM remains a principal partner of UNDCP in
the Caribbean in the context of the Barbados Plan of Action,
adopted at the Regional Meeting on Drug Control
Cooperation and Coordination, Bridgetown, Barbados,
15 17 May 1996. Both organizations keep each other
informed on their activities and initiatives related to drug
control. Apart from this ongoing dialogue, CARICOM has
participated in the task force meetings on drug control
organized by the UNDCP Caribbean Drug Control
Coordination Mechanism and held in Bridgetown,
Barbados, 20 24 October 1997. The CARICOM was also
represented at the Second Regional Meeting on Drug
Control Coordination and Cooperation in the Caribbean,
organized by UNDCP, and held in Santo Domingo,
Dominican Republic, 8 9 December 1997.

37.  UNDCP and CARICOM also collaborate at the level
of technical cooperation: UNDCP participates and
financially contributes to the Health and Family Life
Education Project that CARICOM is launching with other
United Nations agencies, national Governments and 
non-governmental organizations. CARICOM has also been
actively involved in the planning of a regional
epidemiological surveillance system to assess and monitor
drug abuse patterns and trends in the Caribbean, a UNDCP
project starting in the second half of 1998.

38.  Ongoing cooperation between UNDCP and the
associate institutions of CARICOM will continue through
the next year: the University of the West Indies, in
cooperation with the Caribbean Law Institute Centre, carries
out a UNDCP-funded legal training programme aiming at
more efficient prosecution and adjudication of drug
trafficking and money laundering offences. UNDCP is also
funding a Certificate Programme in Addiction Studies at the
University, executed by the Canadian Addiction and Mental
Health Services Corporation. On 18 May 1998, the
Caribbean Development Bank and UNDCP signed a
memorandum of understanding to promote the principle of
good governance in the Caribbean in the context of their
respective mandates.



      E.  United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees


39.  While UNHCR has not carried out any specific
programmes with CARICOM during the biennium
1997 1998, it is committed to renewing the dialogue with
its CARICOM counterparts in the near future.


        F.     International Research and Training
               Institute for the Advancement of Women


40.  During the twenty-second meeting of the Standing
Committee of Caribbean Statisticians (4 7 November 1997,
Saint Lucia), organized by CARICOM, INSTRAW
presented a paper "Measuring unwaged work for inclusion
in national accounts".

41.  Contact will be made with CARICOM in the coming
months in order to explore possible areas of collaboration,
particularly around those research and training programmes
of the Institute that bear relevance to the Caribbean region.


        G.     United Nations Educational, Scientific and
               Cultural Organization


42.  UNESCO cooperates in the following ways with the
CARICOM secretariat:

               (a)     UNESCO participates officially in the meetings
of CARICOM Ministers responsible for Education and
Culture, now part of the Council for Human and Social
Development;

               (b)     A UNESCO culture adviser sits on the Regional
Cultural Committee, a forum of Directors of Culture of
CARICOM, convened by the CARICOM secretariat;

               (c)     The CARICOM secretariat participates fully in
the biennial consultations of the Caribbean Network of
Educational Innovation for Development;

               (d)     The representatives of the CARICOM secretariat
played a coordinating role in the preparatory meeting (6 8
April 1998) for the planned UNESCO Focus on the
Caribbean, a consultation process intended to identify the
priority needs of small member States of the Caribbean
subregion in the areas of capacity-building and
environment-friendly development, poverty and exclusion,
migration, youth, gender imbalance, urban violence and
drug abuse; and to ascertain the ways in which UNESCO
could be of assistance in meeting those needs in its areas of
competence;

               (e)     CARICOM participated as an intergovernmental
organization in the UNESCO General Conference.

43.  UNESCO also cooperates with CARICOM in
supporting the following CARICOM programmes and
projects:

               (a)     An agreement was signed on 6 November 1997
between UNESCO and CARICOM for the implementation
of the Human Resource Development Strategy agreed on
by CARICOM Heads of Government. One major component
of the Strategy relates to the use of adult and continuing
education for out-of-school youth, the unemployed or those
who need to upgrade their skills to be able to make
increased use of new technologies;

               (b)     UNESCO is giving financial support to the
Caribbean Festival of Arts (CARIFESTA), to be held in St.
Kitts in August 1999;

               (c)     UNESCO also lends technical and, in some
cases, financial support to media institutions such as the
Caribbean Broadcasting Union, the Caribbean Institute of
Mass Communication, the Caribbean News Agency, the
Caribbean Media Workers Association and to media 
non-governmental organizations in the region which are
collaborative agencies of CARICOM;

               (d)     Through its Kingston office, UNESCO
collaborates with the Commonwealth of Learning and the
University of the West Indies in a Commonwealth-funded
programme to determine distance-teacher education needs;

               (e)     UNESCO's Kingston office and the UNESCO
Institute for Education work in close association with the
Caribbean Regional Council on Adult Education, which is
recognized by the CARICOM Ministers of Education as the
regional non-governmental advisory body on adult
education;

               (f)     The Caribbean Network of Educational
Innovation for Development cooperates with CARICOM
in the implementation of several projects, such as the
development of mathematics textbooks for primary school;

               (g)     UNESCO supports national projects in
CARICOM countries through national commissions and
regional projects through the CARICOM secretariat. It also
supports directly several projects with various non-governmental 
organizations in the CARICOM subregion.

44.  The Sustainable Development Unit of CARICOM has
expressed interest in integrating the UNESCO Associated
Schools Caribbean Sea Project into the outcomes of the
Caribbean Sea Forum, which took place from 3 to 6 June
1998. The outcomes include a broad-based Caribbean Sea
agenda and elements of a strategy covering national,
regional and hemispheric initiatives aimed at improving the
management of the semi-enclosed Caribbean Sea and its
fragile coastal and ocean marine resources. The Forum
contributed to the international recognition of the Caribbean
Sea as a special area in the context of sustainable
development.

45.  The recommendations of the Forum will be submitted
to the appropriate policy-making bodies in CARICOM,
including the Conference of Heads of Government. It will
also provide a major contribution to the presentation that
CARICOM Foreign Ministers have agreed should be made
to the special session of the General Assembly in 1999, to
review the implementation of the Programme of Action for
the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing
States. 1/

46.  UNESCO's Science and Technology Programme in
the Caribbean has been carried out, in close collaboration
with the CARICOM secretariat. The umbrella programme,
Application of Science and Technology to Development in
the Caribbean, which was managed by the UNESCO
Science and Technology adviser for the Caribbean, was a
collaborative effort of UNESCO, UNDP and the CARICOM
secretariat.

47.  It was within the context of the Science and
Technology Programme that a breakthrough was made in
1996 in solving the bacterial spot problem with peppers and
tomatoes in Barbados and the eastern Caribbean. In the
biotechnology component of the Programme the University
of the West Indies researchers at the Cave Hill Campus in
1997 took an important step towards eradicating the
pervasive yam anthracnose disease. As a result the 
re-establishment in Barbados of the elite export variety 
White Lisbon Yam is expected.


        H.     Universal Postal Union


48.  Contacts between the Universal Postal Union and
CARICOM have always been intense and have increased
since 1995, with the creation of the post of a UPU regional
adviser for the Caribbean subregion. Several coordination
meetings have taken place between the regional adviser, the
postal authorities of the subregion and CARICOM, leading
to the setting up of the Caribbean Postal Union.


        I.     World Bank


49.  The World Bank and CARICOM cooperate in the area
of providing a framework for economic integration in the
Caribbean. The main forum for this cooperation is the
Caribbean Group for Cooperation in Economic
Development, a consultative group chaired by the World
Bank which brings together the English-speaking countries
of the Caribbean region plus Haiti and the Dominican
Republic. CARICOM is a member of the Steering
Committee, the coordinating body of the Caribbean Group,
which sets its regional agenda. CARICOM represents,
together with the University of the West Indies, the only two
Caribbean-wide institutions in the Steering Committee.


        J.     World Food Programme


50.  No official formal cooperation agreement exists
between WFP and CARICOM, but, at the country level,
there is informal interchange, including seminars and
workshops.



        K.     Economic Commission for Latin America
               and the Caribbean


51.  During 1996, 1997 and 1998, the ECLAC subregional
headquarters for the Caribbean collaborated with the
CARICOM secretariat on a number of issues related to its
work programme. The Caribbean Development and
Cooperation Committee (ECLAC/CDCC) provided support
in numerous subject areas.


          Economic development

52.  ECLAC provided the CARICOM secretariat with a
number of documents for use in preparation of background
papers for CARICOM Heads of Government meetings, such
as summaries and reviews of Caribbean economic
performance in 1995, 1996 and 1997 and the substantive
support to the second meeting of the CARICOM Working
Group on Disadvantaged Countries, organized by
CARICOM in Barbados on 17 December 1997.


          Trade and finance matters

53.  The technical secretariat supported the conduct of the
first meeting of the CARICOM Negotiating Working Group
on the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), organized
by the CARICOM secretariat in Guyana on 4 and 5 April
1997. It also attended the Sixteenth Special Meeting of the
Council of Ministers of CARICOM, convened in Guyana
from 24 to 27 June 1996, and will continue to provide
technical support in discussions on FTAA.


          Sustainable development/environment issues

54.  ECLAC and CARICOM have been jointly mandated
by the 1994 Global Conference to undertake the role of joint
interim secretariat for the implementation of the Programme
of Action.1

55.  A proposal for a joint coordinating mechanism was
endorsed by the CARICOM Council of Ministers and was
then submitted to the European Union for extrabudgetary
funding.

56.  The ECLAC secretariat collaborated with CARICOM
and other agencies in the convening of the Caribbean
Ministerial Meeting on the Programme of Action for the
Sustainable Development of Caribbean Small Island States:
The Way Forward, Barbados, 10 14 November 1997.


          Women in development and gender issues

57.  The secretariat collaborated with UNIFEM and
CARICOM in a review of gender-related issues as they
pertain to the development of women in the Caribbean. It
also assisted in the convening of the CARICOM Meeting
of Ministers with Responsibility for Women's Affairs, 
Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 28 November 1996.

58.  The secretariat convened a special workshop on
women and decision-making in Guyana, 12 June 1997. It
also assisted in the convening, in Guyana from 6 to 8 August
1997, of the CARICOM/ECLAC/UNIFEM Post-Beijing
Encounter: A Caribbean Subregional Ministerial
Conference in preparation for the Seventh Session of the
Regional Conference on the Integration of Women into the
Economic and Social Development of Latin America and
the Caribbean, for which it prepared the report
(LC/CAR/G.508).


          Science and technology

59.  The secretariat, through the Caribbean Council on
Science and Technology (CCST), assisted in the
preparations for global and regional conferences in science
and technology. ECLAC/CDCC, through CCST, provided
technical assistance in the conduct of its national
consultation on science and technology and human resource
development within the CARICOM single market.

60.  The secretariat provided substantive support in the
convening and conduct of the CCST/CARICOM meeting
preparatory to the Hemispheric Meeting of Ministers
Responsible for Science and Technology, held in Guyana
from 10 to 12 March 1996 (LC/CAR/G.475, CCST/96/1).

61.  Through CCST, in Guyana, in September 1996,
ECLAC/CDCC collaborated with the CARICOM secretariat
at the technical consultation on the Bolivia Summit, held
by CARICOM and the University of the West Indies Centre
for Environment and Development. The ECLAC secretariat
also assisted in the convening and conduct of a CARICOM
meeting on agriculture, held in Belize from 25 to 28 May
1997. CARICOM's officers are on the planning teams for
many CCST projects. ECLAC/CDCC, through CCST, and
in collaboration with CARICOM, facilitated the Coastal and
Ocean Studies Network. CARICOM participated in the
meetings of the Joint Planning Committee, held in the
United States Virgin Islands on 2 and 3 April 1998, to
review plans for the implementation of a training workshop
on the teaching of science and mathematics at the primary
level.


          Information and statistics

62.  The ECLAC secretariat assisted in the conduct of a
workshop on measuring the impact of information on
decision-making, organized by the CARICOM secretariat
and held in Guyana, in April 1996. It continues to
collaborate with CARICOM and the Caribbean
Development Bank in the implementation of the Caribbean
Regional Information System programme. It offered support
to the Consultative Committee of the Caribbean Regional
Information System in the convening and conduct of the
meeting of the Caribbean Regional System for Exchange of
Information and Experience in Science and Technology,
held in Saint Lucia in October 1996. It also assisted in the
convening of the First Meeting of Chief Information
Officers of Caribbean Countries, organized by CARICOM
and held in Guyana, 18 19 November 1996.


          Population and development

63.  The ECLAC secretariat provided technical support in
the conduct of the CARICOM/UNICEF Consultation on
Health and Family Life Education, held in Barbados in April
1996. It also provided resource support at the CARICOM
Regional Consultation on Human Resources convened in
Barbados, 19 21 November 1996.


          Training programmes

64.  ECLAC assisted CARICOM in the conduct of a high-level
diplomatic workshop entitled Towards the Year 2000:
Prospects and Challenges for CARICOM. Organized by the
CARICOM secretariat, it dealt with the tasks of reconciling
regional policies with global trends.

65.  In addition, during the reporting period, ECLAC
attended 10 meetings convened by CARICOM, and
similarly, CARICOM participated in 11 meetings organized
by ECLAC/CDCC.


                                Note


          1/   Report of the Global Conference on the Sustainable
               Development of Small Island Developing States, Barbados, 26
               April 6 May 1994 (United Nations publication, Sales No.
               E.94.I.8), chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.


 

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