United Nations

A/53/256


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

12 August 1998

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH




                                                       A/53/256
       
                                                       Original: English
       
       
General Assembly
Fifty-third session
Item 111 of the provisional agenda*
Elimination of racism and racial discrimination

     * A/53/150.


       Status of the International Convention on the Elimination of
                   All Forms of Racial Discrimination


                    Report of the Secretary-General


         1. The General Assembly, by its resolution 2106 A (XX) of 21 December
1965, adopted and opened for signature and ratification the International
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and
invited the States referred to in article 17 of the Convention to sign and
ratify it without delay. In the same resolution, the Assembly requested the
Secretary-General to submit to it reports concerning the state of
ratifications of the Convention, which would be considered by the Assembly at
future sessions. 

         2. In its resolution 51/80 of 12 December 1996, the General Assembly
took note of the report of the Secretary-General on the status of the
Convention (A/51/435); reaffirmed once again its conviction that ratification
of or accession to the Convention on a universal basis and implementation of
its provisions were necessary for the realization of the objectives of the
Third Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination and for action beyond
the Decade; requested the States parties to the Convention that had not yet
done so to consider the possibility of making the declaration provided for in
article 14 of the Convention; and requested the Secretary-General to submit to
it at its fifty-third session a report concerning the status of the
Convention, in accordance with Assembly resolution 2106 A (XX) of 21 December
1965.

         3. The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Racial Discrimination was opened for signature in New York on 7 March 1966. It
entered into force on 4 January 1969, on the thirtieth day after the date of
deposit with the Secretary-General of the twenty-seventh instrument of
ratification, as provided for in article 19 of the Convention.

         4. As of 31 July 1998, the Convention had been ratified or acceded to
by 150 States parties. The list of States that had signed, ratified, acceded
or succeeded to the Convention, as well as the dates of their signatures,
ratifications, accessions or successions is contained in the annex to the
present report.

         5. As of the same date, 25 of the States parties to the Convention,
namely Algeria, Australia, Bulgaria, Chile, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Denmark,
Ecuador, Finland, France, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the
Netherlands, Norway, Peru, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation,
Senegal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine and Uruguay, had made the
declaration provided for under article 14 of the Convention, recognizing the
competence of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination to
receive and consider communications from individuals or groups of individuals
within their jurisdiction claiming to be victims of violation by those States
parties of any of the rights set forth in the Convention. The provisions of
article 14 entered into force on 3 December 1982 in accordance with paragraph
9 of that article.

         6. The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination normally
holds two regular sessions annually of three weeks' duration each. In
accordance with article 9, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Committee is to
submit, through the Secretary-General, an annual report to the General
Assembly. The report to be submitted to the Assembly at its present session
(A/53/18) covers the activities of the Committee at its fifty-second and
fifty-third sessions.

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