United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 September 1998


                                                     Original: French
General Assembly
Fifty-third session
Request for inclusion of an additional 
  item in the agenda of the fifty-third 
Armed aggression against the Democratic 
  Republic of the Congo

     Letter dated 14 September 1998 from the Permanent Representative of
     the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the United Nations addressed
               to the President of the General Assembly

            On instructions from my Government, and in conformity with rule 15
of the rules of procedure of the General Assembly, I have the honour to
request you to include in the agenda for the present session of the General
Assembly an additional item entitled "The armed aggression against the
Democratic Republic of the Congo". Please find annexed hereto an explanatory

            My Government would greatly appreciate it if this item could be
debated in plenary, without being referred to a Main Committee.

            I should be grateful to you for your action in response to this

                               (Signed) Andre' Mwamba Kapanga
                                    Permanent Representative


                        Explanatory memorandum

            On 2 August 1998, the coalition troops of Rwanda and Uganda
embarked upon an invasion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This
blatant aggression, violating the sovereignty and territorial integrity of a
member country of the United Nations, had the immediate effect of sowing death
and devastation throughout Congolese territory.

            Rwanda and Uganda have committed and continue to commit serious
violations of international law: acts of terrorism, violations of the
sovereignty and territorial integrity of a State Member of the United Nations,
violation of the rules and basic principles of international humanitarian law,
mass violations of the fundamental rights of the person and many other
outrages such as rape of nuns, forced labour at Mbanza-ngungu and
assassinations at Kasika.

            Rwanda and Uganda, aggressor countries, have succeeded in
suffocating the towns and regions in the conflict zones, inter alia by cutting
off their supply of essential products and basic foodstuffs.

            These countries have also deprived the capital, Kinshasa, of its
water and electricity supply. The harmful consequences for the population
included acute difficulty in access to drinking water, which is basic to
survival, leading to the start of an epidemic, and an inadequate supply of
electricity which created a problem for the running of the hospitals,
most of which are not equipped with generators. This last factor has led to
many deaths of innocent victims, most of them newborn babies in incubators.

            Another important consequence has been substantial material damage
and the destruction of basic infrastructures, which were among the primary
targets of these two aggressor countries. This has affected the processes of
democratization, economic recovery and national reconstruction.

            In acting as it has done, the Rwandan-Ugandan coalition has thus
faced the international community, and the programme, with a major new
challenge which of course involves a cessation of the hostilities, the
unconditional withdrawal of the occupying Rwandan and Ugandan troops, the
preservation of innocent human lives and the need to avoid continuing to
inflict pointless and expensive material damage.

            The international community is called upon to take all measures
capable of restoring peace and security, which are seriously threatened in the
Central African region by the aggression of which the Democratic Republic of
the Congo is a victim. The political and economic destabilization of the Congo
would have adverse effects which would compromise peace throughout the region
for a long time.

            Faced with this unjust aggression of which it is the expiatory
victim, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, a Member of the United Nations,
urges the world Organization to play to the full its role as the guarantor of
international peace and security, and to issue a strong condemnation of Rwanda
and Uganda in order on the one hand to thwart the irredentist designs of these
two countries and on the other hand to put an end to the cultures of impunity
and genocide that these two countries are spreading throughout Central Africa.



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