United Nations

A/52/788


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

11 February 1998

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH





                                                     A/52/788
                                                     E/1998/6



GENERAL ASSEMBLY                              ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
Fifty-second session                          Substantive session of 1998
Agenda item 61                                6-30 July 1998
QUESTION OF CYPRUS                            Item 13 (f) of the
                                                 provisional agenda*
                                              ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL
                                                QUESTIONS: CARTOGRAPHY

                                              * To be issued as E/1998/100.


       Letter dated 6 February 1998 from the Permanent Representative of
        Turkey to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


     I have the honour to transmit herewith a letter dated 6 February
1998 addressed to you by His Excellency Mr. Aytuž Plu"mer,
representative of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (see annex).

     I should be grateful if you would have the text of the present
letter and its annex circulated as a document of the fifty-second
session of the General Assembly, under agenda item 61, and of the
Economic and Social Council, under item 13 (f) of the provisional
agenda.


                                    (Signed)  Hu"seyin E. C'ELEM     
                                                 Ambassador
                                           Permanent Representative


                                     ANNEX

         Letter dated 6 February 1998 from Mr. Aytuž Plu"mer
                 addressed to the Secretary-General


     I have the honour to refer to the paper entitled "Standardization
of geographical names in Cyprus", which was submitted by the Greek
Cypriot administration during the Seventh United Nations Conference on
the Standardization of Geographical Names, and has been circulated as
document E/CONF.91/CRP.25 dated 14 January 1998.  Since this paper
contains unfounded allegations aimed at misrepresenting the realities
on the island, I am compelled to respond to these allegations in
writing in order to set the record straight.

     The Greek Cypriot side, in a vain attempt to absolve itself from
the responsibility of creating and perpetuating the Cyprus dispute,
once again refers to the legitimate presence of a guarantor power in
Northern Cyprus as an "occupation".  I wish to reiterate that the only
occupation in Cyprus is the 34-year-old usurpation and continued
occupation by the Greek Cypriot side of the seat of government of the
once bi-communal Republic of Cyprus.

     Turkey intervened on the island following the coup d'e'tat
engineered by Greece in 1974, which constituted a blatant attempt by
Greece to annex the island (enosis) and was described by the Greek
Cypriot side's own leader, Archbishop Makarios, in his speech before
the Security Council on 19 July 1974, as "an invasion". 1/  One should
recall that the Turkish intervention in Cyprus was carried out against
the background of an 11-year-long systematic campaign of "ethnic
cleansing" directed against the Turkish Cypriot people by the Greek
Cypriot side, acting in collusion with Greece.  With the coup d'e'tat
of 1974, the threat of total annihilation of the Turkish Cypriots at
the hands of the combined forces of Greece and their collaborators in
Cyprus had become imminent.

     It hardly needs to be stressed that Turkey's presence on the
island, which emanates from the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee, is a vital
security requirement for the Turkish Cypriots, as it serves as a
deterrent against the repetition of Greek-Greek Cypriot aggression. 
In the face of the unprecedented build-up of arms and armed forces by
the Greek Cypriot administration and the implementation of the so-
called "joint defense doctrine" with Greece, the necessity of
maintaining the Turkish deterrent becomes all the more obvious.

     Presently in Cyprus, there are two sovereign peoples, Turkish
Cypriots and Greek Cypriots, each living separately under the roof of
their respective States within pluralistic democratic systems. 
Naturally, decisions in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are
taken by the elected representatives of the Turkish Cypriot people,
over which the Greek Cypriot administration in South Cyprus has no
jurisdiction or say whatsoever.  The Greek Cypriot administration
cannot arrogate to itself the right to interfere with or to complain
about the choice of geographical names in Northern Cyprus, which is
done on the basis of the official language of the country, namely
Turkish.  One could hardly expect Turkish Cypriots, whose mother
tongue is Turkish and who have inhabited the island for centuries, to
refer to the towns, villages and topography of Northern Cyprus using
nomenclature other than Turkish.  The clamour about the
standardization of geographical names in Northern Cyprus is,
therefore, totally unwarranted.  Since Cyprus is the common home of
the Greek Cypriot people and of the Turkish Cypriot people, the
Turkish Cypriots have as much right as the Greek Cypriots to refer to
the places and topography of their homeland in their own language.

     The Greek Cypriots have no right to accuse anyone of "destroying
the cultural heritage of the island by changing geographical names",
since the very heart of the Cyprus question is their denial of the
identity and vested right of sovereign equality of the Turkish Cypriot
people.  As such, since the Greek Cypriot armed onslaught of 1963, the
Greek Cypriot side has usurped and monopolized the title of the
"Government of Cyprus".  During the period from 1963 to 1974, the
Greek Cypriots, with the support of Greece, endeavoured to eradicate
the Turkish Cypriots and the Turkish-Muslim heritage of the island
through a systematic campaign of "ethnic cleansing".  The Greek
Cypriot administration continues to implement an inhuman and archaic
policy of embargo and political isolation against the Turkish
Cypriots.

     I should be grateful if the text of the present letter could be
circulated as a document of the fifty-second session of the General
Assembly, under agenda item 61, and of the Economic and Social
Council, under item 13 (f) of the provisional agenda.


                                      (Signed)  Aytuž PLšMER             
                                               Representative
                                     Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus


                                     Notes

     1/  See Official Records of the Security Council, Twenty-ninth Year,
1780th meeting.


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