United Nations

A/52/63 - S/1997/70

General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

23 January 1997


GENERAL ASSEMBLY                                       SECURITY COUNCIL
Fifty-second session                                   Fifty-second year

       Letter dated 23 January 1997 from the Permanent Representative of
       Lebanon to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

     The delegation of Lebanon wishes to convey to you its great
indignation at the contempt for international public opinion that is
shown in the letter dated 2 January 1997 from the Charge' d'affaires
a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General (A/51/769-S/1997/6).  In it, Israel
seeks to invoke the principles of the Charter of the United Nations
and the norms of international law in order to characterize attacks
made against it as terrorism.  In so doing, it ignores and attempts to
make public opinion overlook the fact that it is forcibly occupying
Lebanese territory in violation of the Charter of the United Nations
and the norms of international law and that it is persisting in its
occupation despite the numerous resolutions adopted by various United
Nations organs calling upon it to withdraw.

     Our indignation is increased by the fact that the letter also
tries to invoke the Declaration on terrorism approved by the General
Assembly in its resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996 while ignoring
the Organization's numerous resolutions on the right of peoples to
resist occupation, in particular General Assembly resolution 50/6 of
24 October 1995, by which the Assembly adopted the Declaration on the
Occasion of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations, and
General Assembly resolution 46/51 of 9 December 1991.  The letter also
seeks to ignore the fact that the forcible occupation of the territory
of another State is the most serious form of organized international
terrorism and violates all the human rights covenants and the 1970
Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly
Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the
Charter of the United Nations.

     Under international law and in accordance with the resolutions of
the Security Council, particularly its resolution 425 (1978), it is
Israel that is the aggressor State and one that has been occupying the
territory of a neighbouring State for 19 years.  In the resolution in
question, the Security Council calls upon Israel to end its
occupation, to cease its military actions against Lebanese territorial
integrity and to withdraw forthwith its forces from all Lebanese

     The actions that the representative of Israel refers to as acts of
terrorism are acts of resistance to occupation that take place inside
Lebanese territory and are directed against military elements of the
occupation forces.  They are a legitimate expression of the right to
self-defence enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, and they
have the goal of liberating national territory from foreign
occupation.  The history of modern States is based for the most part
on wars of resistance and liberation.

     Lebanon has expressed its readiness to ensure security and the
rule of law in southern Lebanon immediately on the withdrawal by
Israel of its occupying forces in implementation of resolution 425
(1978), and this has been conveyed by its senior representatives in
the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council and in
many official statements issued by the Lebanese Government.

     It is the maintenance of the Israeli occupation that is the basic
reason for the existing tension in the area and that has caused so
many human tragedies and so much destruction and suffering for the
Lebanese.  The logic of Israeli security policy has demonstrably
failed to achieve security and stability in the area and on the two
sides of the border.

     Action in accordance with international legitimacy is the only way
to ensure stability, security and peace for the peoples of the region.

     I should be grateful if you would have the text of the present
letter circulated as a document of the General Assembly, under the
item entitled "Measures to eliminate international terrorism", and of
the Security Council.

                                                 (Signed)  Samir MOUBARAK     
                                                      Permanent Representative


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Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:05:30
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