United Nations

A/52/3


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

18 September 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                             A/52/3
                                                                       

General Assembly
Fifty-second session


                  REPORT OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL FOR 1997*


(*  The present report is a preliminary version of those sections of
the report of the Economic and Social Council relating to the
organizational and resumed organizational sessions for 1997 and the
substantive session of 1997.  The section relating to the resumed
substantive session will be issued as an addendum to the present
report.  The entire report will be issued in final form as Official
Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-second Session, Supplement
No. 3 (A/52/3/Rev.1).

      The resolutions and decisions adopted by the Council at the
organizational and resumed organizational sessions for 1997 and the
substantive session of 1997 are being issued initially in documents
E/1997/INF/3 and Add.1.  Those adopted at the resumed substantive
session will be issued in document E/1997/INF/3/Add.2.  The
resolutions and decisions will be issued in final form as Official
Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1997, Supplement No. 1
(E/1997/97).)


                                        CONTENTS

Chapter                                                               Page

   I.  MATTERS CALLING FOR ACTION BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OR BROUGHT
       TO ITS ATTENTION..............................................    5

  II.  HIGH-LEVEL SEGMENT:

       FOSTERING AN ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT:  FINANCIAL
       FLOWS, INCLUDING CAPITAL FLOWS, INVESTMENT AND TRADE..........    12

       Agreed conclusions 1997/1.....................................    13

 III.  OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES SEGMENT:

       OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL
       DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION.......................................    21

       A.  Coordination of activities on a system-wide basis:  funding 
           for operational activities for development:  implementation 
           of General Assembly resolution 50/227.....................    21

       B.  Follow-up to policy recommendations of the General Assembly   21

       C.  Reports of the Executive Boards of the United Nations 
           Development Programme/United Nations Population Fund, the 
           United Nations Children's Fund and the World Food Programme   24

       D.  Economic and technical cooperation among developing
           countries.................................................    26

  IV.  COORDINATION SEGMENT:

       COORDINATION OF THE POLICIES AND ACTIVITIES OF THE SPECIALIZED
       AGENCIES AND OTHER BODIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM........    27

       A.  Mainstreaming the gender perspective into all policies and
           programmes in the United Nations system...................    27

           Agreed conclusions 1997/2.................................    27

       B.  Freshwater, including clean and safe water supply and
           sanitation................................................    35

           Agreed conclusions 1997/3.................................    35

   V.  GENERAL SEGMENT...............................................    38

       A.  Integrated and coordinated implementation and follow-up of
           the major international United Nations conferences and 
           summits ..................................................    38

       B.  Coordination, programme and other questions...............    39

           1.   Reports of coordination bodies ......................    40

           2.   Multisectoral collaboration on tobacco or health ....    41

           3.   International cooperation in the field of informatics.   41

           4.   Coordination of the activities of the organizations
                of the United Nations system in the field of energy ..   42

           5.   Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
                Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency              

                Syndrome .............................................   42

           6.   Proposed programme budget for the biennium 1998-1999 .   44

           7.   Calendar of conferences and meetings in the economic,
                social and related fields ............................   44

           8.   United Nations University ............................   44

           9.   Proclamation of international years ..................   45

       C.  Reports, conclusions and recommendations of subsidiary 
           bodies ....................................................   47

           1.   Economic questions and environmental questions .......   47

           2.   Social questions .....................................   53

           3.   Human rights questions ...............................   62

       D.  Special economic, humanitarian and disaster relief
           assistance ................................................   74

       E.  Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of 
           Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the 
           specialized agencies and the international institutions
           associated with the United Nations ........................   75

       F.  Regional cooperation ......................................   76

       G.  Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the 
           occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories ...........   80

       H.  Implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/227 ......   83

       I.  Non-governmental organizations ............................   84

       J.  New and innovative ideas for generating funds .............   87

  VI.  ELECTIONS, APPOINTMENTS, NOMINATIONS AND CONFIRMATIONS ........   88

 VII.  ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS ........................................   90

       A.  Action taken by the Council ...............................   90

       B.  Proceedings................................................   90

           1.   Bureau of the Council ................................   90

           2.   Agenda of the organizational session for 1997 ........   90

           3.   Basic programme of work for 1997 and 1998 ............   91

           4.   Distribution of the work of the fortieth session of the
                Commission on Narcotic Drugs .........................   91

           5.   Non-governmental organizations .......................   91

           6.   Provision of documentation to the Committee on 
                Non-Governmental Organizations .......................   91

           7.   Restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in 
                the economic, social and related fields and their impact
                on the Economic Commission for Latin America and the
                Caribbean .............................................  91

           8.   Agenda of the substantive session of 1997 .............  92

           9.   Participation of intergovernmental organizations in the
                work of the Economic and Social Council ...............  92

          10.   Requests by non-governmental organizations for hearings  92

                                         Annexes

   I.  Agendas of the organizational session for 1997 and the
       substantive session of 1997 ....................................  93

  II.  Composition of the Council and its subsidiary and related bodies  96

 III.  Intergovernmental organizations designated by the Council under
       rule 79 of the rules of procedure for participation in the
       deliberations of the Council on questions within the scope of 
       their activities ............................................... 138


                                        Chapter I

                        MATTERS CALLING FOR ACTION BY THE GENERAL
                          ASSEMBLY OR BROUGHT TO ITS ATTENTION


      In 1997, the Economic and Social Council adopted resolutions and
decisions that call for action by the General Assembly.  The relevant
paragraphs of those resolutions and decisions are summarized below.

OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION:  REPORTS OF THE EXECUTIVE BOARDS OF THE
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME/UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND,
THE UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND AND THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME

      Revision of the General Regulations of the World Food Programme

      By its decision 1997/217, the Council took note of the note by the
Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Executive Board of
the World Food Programme on the revision of the General Regulations of
the Programme, endorsed the revisions and decided to transmit them to
the General Assembly for consideration at its fifty-second session.

INTEGRATED AND COORDINATED IMPLEMENTATION AND FOLLOW-UP OF THE MAJOR
INTERNATIONAL UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCES AND SUMMITS

      Follow-up to the International Conference on Population and Development

      By its resolution 1997/42, the Council took note of decision 97/14
of the Executive Board of the United Nations Development
Programme/United Nations Population Fund and recommended to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session that it decide on the
process and modalities, including the consideration of convening a
special session of the Assembly in 1999, to review and appraise the
implementation of the Programme of Action of the International
Conference on Population and Development.

COORDINATION, PROGRAMME AND OTHER QUESTIONS:  UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY

      Report of the United Nations University

      By resolution 1997/43, the Council recommended that the General
Assembly adopt a decision whereby, beginning in 1998, the report of
the United Nations University would be considered directly by the
Second Committee of the Assembly in accordance with its programme of
work.

COORDINATION, PROGRAMME AND OTHER QUESTIONS:  PROCLAMATION OF
INTERNATIONAL YEARS

      International Year of Volunteers, 2001

      By resolution 1997/44, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly the adoption of the draft resolution contained therein.

      International Year of Thanksgiving, 2000

      By resolution 1997/46, the Council recommended that the General
Assembly, at its fifty-second session, proclaim the year 2000 as
International Year of Thanksgiving.

      International Year for the Culture of Peace, 2000

      By resolution 1997/47, the Council recommended that the General
Assembly proclaim, at its fifty-second session, the year 2000 as
International Year for the Culture of Peace.

REPORTS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF SUBSIDIARY BODIES: 
ECONOMIC QUESTIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUESTIONS

      Report of the Committee for Development Planning on its thirty-
      first session

      By decision 1997/223, the Council endorsed the recommendations
contained in paragraphs 240 (a) and (b) of the report of the Committee
for Development Planning and decided to submit them to the General
Assembly for appropriate action.

      Human settlements

      By decision 1997/308, the Council took note, inter alia, of the
extract from the report of the Commission on Human Settlements at its
sixteenth session, which included two draft resolutions recommended
for adoption by the General Assembly at its fifty-second session.

REPORTS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF SUBSIDIARY BODIES:  SOCIAL
QUESTIONS

      Follow-up to the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action
      Plan against Organized Transnational Crime

      By resolution 1997/22, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly the adoption of the draft resolution contained therein.

      Preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the
      Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

      By resolution 1997/23, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly the adoption of the draft resolution contained therein.

      Crime prevention and criminal justice measures to eliminate
      violence against women

      By resolution 1997/24, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly the adoption of the draft resolution contained therein.

      International cooperation against corruption and bribery in
      international commercial transactions

      By resolution 1997/25, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly the adoption of the draft resolution contained therein.

      International cooperation in criminal matters

      By resolution 1997/26, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly the adoption of the draft resolution contained therein.

      International Year of Older Persons:  towards a society for all ages

      By resolution 1997/18, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly the adoption of the draft resolution contained therein.

      Follow-up to the International Year of the Family

      By resolution 1997/21, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly the adoption of the draft resolution contained therein.

      Dates for the special session of the General Assembly devoted to
      the fight against the illicit production, sale, demand, traffic
      and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and
      related activities

      By decision 1997/238, the Council recommended to the General
Assembly that the special session of the Assembly devoted to the fight
against the illicit production, sale, demand, traffic and distribution
of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and related activities
be held from 8 to 10 June 1998.

REPORTS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF SUBSIDIARY BODIES:  HUMAN
RIGHTS QUESTIONS

      Human rights and extreme poverty

      By decision 1997/242, the Council, taking note of Commission on
Human Rights resolution 1997/11, approved the Commission's request to
the Secretary-General to convey the final report of the Special
Rapporteur on human rights and extreme poverty, inter alia, to the
General Assembly and the Council.

      Question of the realization in all countries of the economic,
      social and cultural rights contained in the Universal Declaration
      of Human Rights and in the International Covenant on Economic,
      Social and Cultural Rights, and study of special problems which
      the developing countries face in their efforts to achieve these
      human rights

      By decision 1997/244, the Council, taking note of Commission on
Human Rights resolution 1997/17, endorsed the Commission's request to
the Secretary-General to submit reports to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session and to the Commission at its fifty-fourth session
on progress towards the realization of the rights set forth in the
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

      Implementation of the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms
      of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief

      By decision 1997/245, the Council, taking note of Commission on
Human Rights resolution 1997/18, approved the Commission's request to
the Secretary-General to provide all necessary assistance to the
Special Rapporteur on religious intolerance to enable him to submit an
interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session and
to report to the Commission at its fifty-fourth session.

      United Nations staff

      By decision 1997/247, the Council, taking note of Commission on
Human Rights resolution 1997/25, endorsed the Commission's request to
the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session a report on the situation of United Nations and
other personnel carrying out activities in fulfilment of the mandate
of a United Nations operation who are imprisoned, missing or held in a
country against their will, on new cases which have been successfully
settled, and on the implementation of the measures referred to in
Commission resolution 1997/25.

      Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

      By its decision 1997/251, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/38, approved the Commission's request
to the General Assembly, in preparing the fiftieth anniversary of the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to proclaim 26 June a United
Nations international day in support of the victims of torture and the
total eradication of torture, and the effective functioning of the
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment.

      Situation of human rights in Haiti

      By its decision 1997/262, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/52, approved the Commission's request
to the General Assembly to study the possibility of extending the
mandate of the International Civilian Mission to Haiti, which expires
in July 1997, and its invitation to the independent expert to inform
the Assembly at its fifty-second session and the Commission at its
fifty-fourth session about the development of the human rights
situation in Haiti.

      Situation of human rights in Nigeria

      By its decision 1997/263, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/53, approved the  Commission's request
to the special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Nigeria
to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session and to
the Commission at its fifty-fourth session.

      Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

      By its decision 1997/264, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/54, endorsed the Commission's decision
to extend the mandate of the Special Representative, as contained in
Commission resolution 1984/54, for a further year, and approved its
request to the Special Representative to submit an interim report to
the General Assembly at its fifty-second session and to report to the
Commission at its fifty-fourth session.

      Human rights situation in southern Lebanon and West Bekaa

      By its decision 1997/265, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/55, approved the Commission's request
to the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session and to the Commission at its fifty-fourth session
on the results of his efforts in regard to the human rights situation
in southern Lebanon and West Bekaa.

      Situation of human rights in the Republic of Bosnia and
      Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of
      Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)

      By its decision 1997/266, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/57, endorsed the Commission's decision
to extend for one year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur and its
request that she submit periodic reports to the General Assembly and
the Commission on Human Rights.  The Council also endorsed the
Commission's decision to request the Secretary-General to continue to
make the Special Rapporteur's reports available to the Security
Council.

      Situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

      By its decision 1997/267, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/58, endorsed the Commission's decision
to request the Special Rapporteurs on the situation of human rights in
the Democratic Republic of the Congo and on extrajudicial, summary or
arbitrary executions and a member of the Working Group on Enforced or
Involuntary Disappearances to carry out a joint mission and to report
to the General Assembly by 30 June 1997 and to the Commission at its
fifty-fourth session.  The Council also endorsed the Commission's
decision to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the
situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for
a further year, to request the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim
report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session and to
report to the Commission at its fifty-fourth session.

      Situation of human rights in the Sudan

      By its decision 1997/268, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/59, endorsed the Commission's decision
to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in the Sudan for an additional year and to report his
findings and recommendations to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session and to the Commission at its fifty-fourth
session.

      Situation of human rights in Iraq

      By its decision 1997/269, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/60, endorsed the Commission's decision
to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in Iraq for a further year and to request the Special
Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session and to report to the Commission at its
fifty-fourth session.

      Situation of human rights in Cuba

      By its decision 1997/271, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/62, endorsed the Commission's decision
to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in Cuba for one year and to request the Special
Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session and to report to the Commission at its
fifty-fourth session.

      Situation of human rights in Myanmar

      By its decision 1997/272, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/64, endorsed the Commission's decision
to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in Myanmar for a further year and to request the Special
Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session and to report to the Commission at its
fifty-fourth session.

      Situation of human rights in Afghanistan

      By its decision 1997/273, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/65, endorsed the Commission's decision
to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in Afghanistan for one year and to consider submitting a
report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session.

      Situation of human rights in Rwanda

      By its decision 1997/274, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/66, approved the Commission's request
to the Chairman of the Commission to appoint a special representative
with a mandate to make recommendations on how to improve the human
rights situation in Rwanda, as well as its request to the special
representative to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second
session and to the Commission at its fifty-fourth session in
accordance with his mandate.  The Council also approved the
Commission's request to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights to submit a report to the Commission at its fifty-fourth
session and to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session on the
implementation of Commission resolution 1997/66, entitled "Question of
the violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms in any part of
the world, with particular reference to colonial and other dependent
countries and territories".

      Measures to combat contemporary forms of racism, racial
      discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

      By its decision 1997/277, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/73, endorsed the Commission's request
to the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism to submit an
interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session and
a comprehensive report to the Commission at its fifty-fourth session.

      Situation of human rights in Burundi

      By its decision 1997/280, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/77, endorsed the Commission's decision
to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in Burundi for an additional year and its requests to the
Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly
at its fifty-second session and a report to the Commission at its
fifty-fourth session and to apply a gender perspective in his work.

      Rights of the child

      By its decision 1997/281, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/78, endorsed the Commission's decision
to request the Secretary-General to enable the Special Rapporteur on
the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography to
submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second
session and a report to the Commission at its fifty-fourth session.

      Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

      By its decision 1997/293, the Council, taking note of Commission
on Human Rights resolution 1997/74, approved the Commission's request
to the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session a detailed report on the financial and personnel
resources required for the implementation of the Programme of Action
for the Third Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination and
invited the Assembly to consider the possibility of providing the
resources required for the implementation of the Programme of Action;
the Council also approved the request of the Commission to the
Secretary-General to enable the Special Rapporteur on contemporary
forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related
intolerance to submit an interim report to the Assembly at its
fifty-second session and a comprehensive report to the Commission at
its fifty-fourth session; the Council also endorsed the Commission's
decision to recommend to the Assembly the convening of a world
conference on racism and racial discrimination, xenophobia and related
intolerance, which should be convened not later than the year 2001.


                                       Chapter II

                                   HIGH-LEVEL SEGMENT

              FOSTERING AN ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT:  FINANCIAL
                  FLOWS, INCLUDING CAPITAL FLOWS, INVESTMENT AND TRADE


1.    The high-level segment was held from 2 to 4 July 1997 (10th to
15th meetings of the Council).  An account of the proceedings is
contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.10-15).  The
Council had before it the following documents:

      (a)  Report of the Commission for Social Development on its
thirty-fifth session (E/1997/26);1/

      (b)  World Economic and Social Survey, 1997 (E/1997/50 and
corrigenda);

      (c)  Annual overview report of the Administrative Committee on
Coordination for 1996 (E/1997/54 and Corr.1);

      (d)  Report of the Secretary-General on fostering an enabling
environment for development:  financial flows, including capital
flows; investment; trade (E/1997/67).

2.    At the 10th and 11th meetings, on 2 July, the Council held a
policy dialogue and discussion on important developments in the world
economy and international economic cooperation with heads of
multilateral financial and trade institutions of the United Nations
system.  Statements were made by the panellists, the Chairman of the
Executive Board and Managing Director of the International Monetary
Fund (IMF), the Director-General of the World Trade Organization
(WTO), the Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development (UNCTAD), and the Vice-President of Finance and
Private Sector Development of the World Bank (see E/1997/SR.10
and 11).

3.    At the 12th meeting, on 3 July, the Secretary-General of the
United Nations and the President of the General Assembly addressed the
Council (see E/1997/SR.12).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

4.    At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), presented the draft
agreed conclusions of the high-level segment submitted by the
President of the Council, Mr. Vladimir Galuska (Czech Republic)
(E/1997/L.56).

5.    At the same meeting, the Vice-President corrected the draft agreed
conclusions and the Council adopted them as corrected.  The text read
as follows:


                                Agreed conclusions 1997/1

           "During its high-level segment, the Council carried out a
      comprehensive review of the theme 'Fostering an enabling
      environment for development:  financial flows, including capital
      flows, investment and trade'.  On 2 July, a stimulating dialogue
      was held with the Managing Director of the International Monetary
      Fund, the Director-General of the World Trade Organization, the
      Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and
      Development, the Under-Secretary-General in charge of the economic
      and social departments of the Secretariat and the Vice-President
      of the World Bank.  On 4 July, a panel discussion with a group of
      eminent persons from the business and academic worlds was also
      held.

           "The Council took note of the World Economic and Social
      Survey, 1997 (E/1997/50 and corrigenda) and the report of the
      Secretary-General on the theme (E/1997/67).


                                    "I.  THE CONTEXT

           "The Council considered the theme in the context of the
      current global economic environment.  The overall world economic
      outlook is favourable.  At the same time, growth is not spread
      widely enough and the gap between developed and developing
      countries remains unacceptably wide.  For many countries,
      particularly the least developed and the African countries, the
      threat of marginalization is real.  Many continue to suffer from
      slow economic growth or stagnation.  Also, unemployment is at
      unacceptably high levels, not only in developing countries but
      also in developed countries and countries with economies in
      transition.

           "Globalization is a fact and a dynamic force.  It offers
      opportunities as well as risks.  The global opportunities created
      by it must benefit all countries and the risks associated with it
      should be managed and minimized.  This will require strengthened
      international cooperation as well as careful stewardship and sound
      policies.


                 "II.  A FRAMEWORK FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND
                       NATIONAL POLICIES

                       "A.  Strengthened international cooperation

           "Each country has the primary responsibility for its own
      development.  However, international cooperation and partnership
      have a vital role in creating a favourable climate in which
      capital flows, investment and trade can flourish.

           "The broad elements of an enabling international environment
      for development include the creation and maintenance of stable
      international conditions; democratization in international
      relations in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and
      international law; establishment of an open, rule-based,
      equitable, secure, non-discriminatory, transparent and predictable
      multilateral trading system; and support for the weakest and most
      vulnerable members of the international community through more
      favourable treatment in trade and finance.

           "An enabling international environment for development calls
      for better integration of developing countries, in particular, the
      African countries and the least developed countries as well as
      landlocked developing countries, small island developing States
      and countries with economies in transition, into the world
      economy, which requires enhancing their capacity to become equal
      partners in the world economy.  The international community should
      support national efforts for capacity-building in developing
      countries, including infrastructure and manpower development and
      research and development.  South-South cooperation and technical
      assistance from developed countries are also essential elements in
      promoting capacity-building in developing countries.

           "An enabling international environment also requires
      coordination of macroeconomic policies by the international
      community to foster conditions of stability, predictability and
      growth in the world economy, stable exchange rates, low interest
      rates and low fiscal deficits, as well as trade liberalization,
      more equitable access of developing countries to global markets,
      an increased flow of productive investments, technologies and
      knowledge to developing countries, and new and additional
      financial resources from all sources.  It also calls for
      broadening and strengthening the participation of developing
      countries in international economic decision-making processes.

           "International cooperation efforts should be intensified and
      strengthened towards the developing countries' endogenous
      capacity-building in science and technology.  There is a need to
      promote, facilitate and finance, as appropriate, access and
      transfer of environmentally sound technologies and the
      corresponding know-how, in particular to developing countries on
      favourable terms, including concessional and preferential terms,
      as mutually agreed, taking into account the need to protect
      intellectual property rights as well as the special needs of
      developing countries.


                                 "B.  National policies

           "Democracy, respect for all human rights and fundamental
      freedoms, including the right to development, transparent and
      accountable governance and administration in all sectors of
      society, and effective participation by civil society are an
      essential part of the necessary foundations for the realization of
      social and people-centred sustainable development.  The
      empowerment of women and their full participation on the basis of
      equality in all spheres of society is fundamental for development.

           "The development and maintenance of adequate economic and
      social infrastructure, in particular a trained workforce and
      telecommunications and transportation facilities, are essential
      for the integration of countries in the world economy and should
      be given priority and receive the full support of the
      international community.  Innovative policies designed to promote
      public-private partnerships to meet the enormous demands in these
      areas also need to be pursued.

           "An essential component of an enabling environment for
      development is sound national macroeconomic policies and the
      creation of favourable conditions for investment and increased
      domestic savings, including through the creation of a sound
      banking system.  Governments must also provide for social and
      economic infrastructure development, basic social services and, in
      particular, the needs of women and children.  People living in
      poverty should be assured access to micro-credit in order to
      enable them to undertake micro-enterprises, which in turn generate
      self-employment and contribute to achieving empowerment,
      especially of women.  The strengthening of institutions supportive
      of micro-credit should therefore be encouraged.

           "Many countries are undertaking structural adjustment and
      reform and are pursuing their outward-oriented policies.  Their
      efforts need international support.  Particular attention needs to
      be paid to integrating the social dimension in structural
      adjustment programmes to ensure equity and the empowerment of
      people living in poverty and of the disadvantaged and vulnerable
      groups in society.


                         "C.  Role of the United Nations system

           "The United Nations system, given its unique universal
      composition and reach, has a specific role to play in promoting an
      enabling environment for development.  Through, inter alia, the
      recent cycle of international conferences, the United Nations has
      promoted agreements and understandings on policies and goals for
      development and has given further impetus to national action and
      international cooperation for development.  The United Nations
      system must now promote effective implementation of the agreements
      reached by strengthening its normative and operational role in
      development.


                                  "III.  POLICY ISSUES

                                  "A.  Policy coherence

           "With the accelerating integration of the world economy, the
      interaction between the macroeconomic, structural, trade,
      financial and development aspects of economic policy-making has
      increased and is likely to intensify further.  In the current
      economic environment, the question of policy coherence has thus
      emerged as a critical one for all participants in the global
      economy.  An important aspect of policy coherence that affects the
      international environment for developing countries is the need for
      greater coherence to maximize the impact of development
      cooperation.  The United Nations, the Bretton Woods institutions,
      and WTO also need to provide coordinated support.

           "There is a need for an international dialogue on issues of
      policy coherence.  One of the Council's high-level meetings with
      the Bretton Woods institutions and WTO, called for under General
      Assembly resolution 50/227, should be devoted to this topic. 
      Further study of these issues is required, including consideration
      by the Committee for Development Planning or its successor
      arrangements, in order to develop approaches and modalities that
      the Council could consider at a subsequent session.


                                  "B.  Marginalization

           "Many developing countries were not able to benefit from the
      globalization of the world economy over the past decade. 
      Effective measures are called for to assist in their integration
      into the world economy.

           "The least developed countries face the greatest risk of
      marginalization.  Many other countries in Africa, notably those
      south of the Sahara, are similarly challenged - they lack various
      elements of the physical, financial, human and institutional
      infrastructure necessary to enter and compete effectively in
      international markets.  Structural difficulties also deter inflows
      of foreign direct investment (FDI) and, more generally, perpetuate
      the dependence on a few highly volatile exports.  Domestic supply-
      side constraints seriously limit export capacity.  In many cases,
      the difficulties are compounded by the heavy burden of external
      debt service, erosion of trade preferences, deterioration in the
      terms of trade, and decline in the overall level of official
      development assistance (ODA).

           "Marginalization is also faced by the most vulnerable groups
      in all countries.  Increased competition under a liberalized
      global economy therefore calls for greater concern for the
      promotion of an equitable distribution of income, greater access
      to resources through equity, and equality of opportunity for all. 
      Globalization should be balanced by social progress through
      policies that encourage job-creating growth and ensure social
      safety nets.


                          "C.  Official development assistance

           "ODA remains an essential source of external funding.  The
      overall decline in ODA is a cause for serious concern.  Moreover,
      a significant proportion of ODA is for funding emergency relief,
      thereby affecting availability for long-term development needs.

           "It is important to reverse the overall decline in ODA flows
      and to achieve internationally agreed ODA targets as soon as
      possible.  Such assistance should focus on developing countries,
      with particular priority to Africa and the least developed
      countries.  Some donor countries have achieved or exceeded the
      accepted United Nations targets to allocate 0.7 per cent of GNP
      for overall ODA and 0.15 per cent of GNP for ODA for the least
      developed countries and are encouraged to continue to do so. 
      Other developed countries reaffirm the commitments undertaken to
      fulfil these targets as soon as possible.  Countries that are in a
      position to do so should strive to augment their assistance in the
      framework of development cooperation.  The statements made by some
      countries to increase ODA are welcome.

           "The Council welcomes the decision of the IMF Interim
      Committee to make the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility
      (ESAF) a permanent facility.  Further efforts are called for to
      ensure that internationally supported adjustment programmes,
      including ESAF-supported programmes, incorporate social safety
      measures and restructuring of public expenditure, including
      increases in expenditure related to primary education and primary
      health services, in line with the recommendations of the World
      Summit for Social Development.  The speed and sequencing of these
      programmes and safeguards for social equity are critical for their
      success.

           "In order that international financial facilities,
      particularly the International Development Association (IDA), have
      more positive effects on development, the commitments for their
      replenishment, including the eleventh replenishment of IDA, should
      be fully implemented in a timely manner.  Contributions to
      multilateral financial facilities have fallen off.  It is
      essential that multilateral aid disbursements are not disrupted
      but are maintained or increased.


                                   "D.  External debt

           "One of the specific obstacles over the past decade to the
      development efforts of many developing countries, in particular
      those in Africa and the least developed countries, has been the
      heavy burden of external debt-servicing.  Even with sound economic
      policies and the full application of the debt-rescheduling
      arrangements of the past few years, a number of countries continue
      to face an unsustainable level of external debt-servicing. 
      Debt-service problems of middle-income countries should also
      continue to be addressed effectively.

           "There is an urgent need for effective, equitable,
      development-oriented and durable solutions to the external debt
      and debt-servicing problems of developing countries, and to help
      them exit from the rescheduling process.  The evolving debt
      strategy has contributed to the improvement in the debt situation
      of a number of developing countries.  Debt-relief measures have
      been undertaken by creditor countries both within the framework of
      the Paris Club and through the cancellation of debts and
      equivalent relief of bilateral official debt.

           "The international community, including the international
      financial institutions, is invited to continue to explore ways of
      implementing additional and innovative measures to alleviate
      substantially the debt burdens of developing countries, in
      particular of the highly indebted low-income countries, in order
      to help them to achieve sustained economic growth without falling
      into a new debt crisis.

           "In this context, the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC)
      Debt Initiative is welcomed.  Its timely and speedy implementation
      is called for.  The implementation of the Initiative requires
      additional financial resources from both bilateral and
      multilateral creditors without affecting the support required for
      development activities of developing countries.  The urgent need
      is stressed for developed countries to give the Initiative the
      support it both needs and deserves and to implement it flexibly to
      ensure that the performance already achieved is taken into account
      in determining the duration of adjustment required to reach, with
      the assistance of all creditors, an exit from debt rescheduling. 
      The importance of implementing the Initiative's eligibility
      criteria flexibly, in a transparent manner and with the full
      involvement of the debtor country, and of continuously evaluating
      and actively monitoring the implications of the existing terms of
      the eligibility criteria in the implementation of the Initiative,
      so as to ensure sufficient coverage of heavily indebted poor
      countries, are also stressed.


                            "E.  Volatility and vulnerability

           "The increased integration of the world economy has the
      potential for increased volatility, particularly in international
      financial markets.  The volatility in prices of primary
      commodities, interest rates and exchange rates has a
      disproportionate impact on developing countries.  Integration of
      financial markets also tends to increase the downside risk of a
      sudden reversal of financial flows for an individual country, as
      well as the possibility of spillover effects on others.

           "The dramatic increase in capital flows to emerging markets
      has contributed to sustained economic growth, but it has also
      complicated macroeconomic management.  Sound macroeconomic
      policies remain an essential ingredient to prevent volatility, but
      speculative capital movements can threaten the stability of
      countries.

           "The prevention of financial crises will require enhanced
      early warning mechanisms, including improved and effective
      surveillance of national and international financial markets.  It
      will also require that multilateral institutions have the capacity
      to respond in a quick and coordinated fashion to potential crises. 
      IMF is encouraged to fully exercise its role of overseeing the
      international monetary system to ensure its effective operation. 
      In this regard, the efforts undertaken since 1995 to strengthen
      surveillance, to ensure that IMF is better equipped to identify
      emerging crises at an early stage and to facilitate its rapid
      response to such crises are welcomed.

           "It is recognized that there is a need to strengthen
      international cooperation and consultation to prevent spillover
      effects of crises associated with the volatility of financial
      flows.  International action is required to improve and coordinate
      regulatory frameworks for international financial transactions.

           "The importance of ensuring that IMF has sufficient resources
      to assist its members is underlined.  In this connection, the
      timely conclusion of the general review of quotas is encouraged. 
      Potential participants are called upon to ensure that the 'New
      Arrangements to Borrow' become effective as soon as possible.


                             "F.  Foreign direct investment

           "Most developing countries have liberalized their FDI
      alongside their trade regimes.  Although most FDI and portfolio
      capital still flow to industrialized countries, an increasing
      proportion is going to developing countries.  However, FDI and
      portfolio flows are highly concentrated, mostly in parts of Asia
      and Latin America.  In recent years, Africa has received only a
      very small part of total net private flows despite extensive
      reforms that continue to be implemented.

           "The growth in FDI in developing countries is of particular
      importance.  A challenge to the international community in
      contributing to an enabling environment for development lies in
      encouraging capital and investment flows across a broader range of
      developing countries.

           "FDI plays an increasingly important role in countries with
      economies in transition.  These countries would benefit more if
      the structure of FDI better reflected the need for investments in
      the productive and export sectors of their economies.  Creating a
      favourable investment climate would facilitate this aim.

           "In the light of the increasing importance of foreign direct
      investment in the world economy, the Council notes that UNCTAD,
      WTO and the other organizations concerned are studying the
      relationship between trade and investment.


                               "G.  Trade and commodities

           "An open, rule-based, equitable, secure, non-discriminatory,
      transparent and predictable multilateral trading system is a key
      element in fostering an enabling environment for development and
      is also essential for deepening the flow of technology and
      information around the world.  There is a need to promote the
      universality of WTO and to facilitate the admission, in an
      expeditious manner, of developing countries and countries with
      economies in transition that apply for membership, through
      transparent implementation of the relevant WTO provisions in this
      regard.

           "Trade liberalization should eliminate discriminatory and
      protectionist practices in international trade relations.  This
      will have the effect of improving access for the exports of
      developing countries and should cover access to technology,
      distribution channels and information networks.  With the growing
      internationalization of the services sector, further action should
      be taken to facilitate the participation of developing countries
      in international service liberalization.

           "The importance of fully and expeditiously implementing the
      Marrakesh Declaration, the Ministerial Decision on Measures in
      Favour of Least Developed Countries and the Ministerial Decision
      on Measures Concerning the Possible Negative Effects of the Reform
      Programme on Least Developed and Net Food-Importing Developing
      Countries is stressed.

           "Commodity exports continue to play a key role in the
      economies of many developing countries.  Diversification of their
      economies is essential for their development.  The international
      community should endeavour to improve the functioning of commodity
      markets with greater transparency and more stable and predictable
      conditions and should provide greater access to the export
      products of those countries.

           "Continuing concerted action is needed to remove lingering,
      disguised and other obstacles to free and open trade.  The
      liberalization of trade regimes and the promotion of an open and
      secure multilateral trading system are central requirements for
      the promotion of economic development.  All countries have a
      shared interest in an open, rule-based, equitable,
      non-discriminatory, transparent and predictable multilateral
      trading system.  All countries should commit themselves to the
      liberalization of trade and investment policies and should foster
      international cooperation towards this goal.  Without prejudice to
      the clear understanding in WTO that future negotiations, if any,
      regarding a multilateral agreement on investment will take place
      only after an explicit consensus decision, future agreements on
      investments should take into account the objectives of sustainable
      development, and when developing countries are parties to these
      agreements, special attention should be given to their need for
      investment.  The Uruguay Round Agreements provide the framework
      for an open, rule-based, equitable, secure, non-discriminatory,
      transparent and predictable multilateral trading system.  All
      members of WTO should implement their commitments fully and all
      provisions of the Final Act of the Uruguay Round should be
      effectively applied to maximize economic growth and development
      benefits for all, taking into account the specific interests of
      developing countries.  The full realization of the anticipated
      benefits from the conclusion of the Uruguay Round also requires
      that confidence in the integrity and credibility of the
      multilateral trading system be upheld.  In this respect, the WTO
      dispute settlement mechanism is a key element of the credibility
      of the multilateral trading system.  It is essential for all
      countries to respect and fulfil the totality of the undertakings
      of the Uruguay Round.  Unilateral actions of a protectionist
      nature, inconsistent with multilateral trade agreements, should be
      avoided and prevented.  Appropriate monitoring measures should
      continue to ensure that, in the implementation of the Uruguay
      Round, the rights, interests and concerns of all countries are
      protected, recognized and addressed.  In this context, the
      importance of continuing and intensifying the international
      dialogue on issues of interest for developing countries, in
      particular the least developed countries among them, in
      appropriate forums, is recognized.

           "The strengthening of the supply capacity of exportable goods
      and services in the least developed countries, as well as market
      access, is called for.  The Council encourages the United Nations
      system, including IMF and the World Bank, WTO and UNDP, to provide
      coordinated support for action in this area.  It urges all
      countries to participate in the forthcoming High-Level Meeting on
      Integrated Initiatives for Least Developed Countries, organized by
      WTO, UNCTAD, the International Trade Centre, the World Bank and
      IMF, which is to be held on 27 and 28 October 1997."


                                          Note

1/  Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1997,
Supplement No. 6 (E/1997/26).


                                       Chapter III

                             OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES SEGMENT

                    OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS FOR
                          INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION


1.    At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
operational activities of the United Nations for international
development cooperation (agenda item 3).  At its 6th and 7th meetings,
on 30 June, it held an informal dialogue with heads of agencies.  An
account of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1997/SR.6 and 7).  A high-level meeting on operational activities
was held on 1 July (8th and 9th meetings of the Council).  An account
of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1997/SR.8 and 9).  At its 18th and 19th meetings, on 8 July, the
Council held an informal dialogue with the United Nations system
country teams from Cambodia and Senegal.  An account of the discussion
is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.18 and 19).


          A.  Coordination of activities on a system-wide basis:  funding
              for operational activities for development:  implementation
              of General Assembly resolution 50/227

2.    At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
coordination of activities on a system-wide basis:  funding for
operational activities for development:  implementation of General
Assembly resolution 50/227 (agenda item 3 (a)) at its 6th to 9th
meetings, from 30 June to 1 July 1997.  An account of the discussion
is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.6-9).  The
Council had before it the following documents:

      (a)  Report of the Secretary-General on restructuring and
revitalization of the United Nations in the economic, social and
related fields (A/52/155-E/1997/68 and Add.1);

      (b)  Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report
prepared by the International Monetary Fund on collaboration between
the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund (E/1997/78).

3.    No action was taken by the Council under item 3 (a).


             B.  Follow-up to policy recommendations of the General Assembly

4.    At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
follow-up to policy recommendations of the General Assembly (agenda 3
(b)), at its 16th, 17th, 23rd and 41st meetings, on 7, 11 and 24 July
1997.  An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant
summary records (E/1997/SR.16, 17, 23 and 41).  The Council had before
it the following documents:

      (a)  Report of the Secretary-General on operational activities of
the United Nations for international development cooperation
(E/1997/65 and Add.1-4);

      (b)  Note by the Secretary-General on policy issues arising from
reports of the executive boards of United Nations funds and programmes
(E/1997/89).

                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

5.    Under agenda item 3 (b), the Council adopted resolution 1997/59.

Operational activities of the United Nations for international
development cooperation:  follow-up to policy recommendations of the
General Assembly

6.    At the 23rd meeting, on 11 July, the observer for the United
Republic of Tanzania*, on behalf of the States Members of the United
Nations that are members of the Group of 77 and China, introduced a
draft resolution (E/1997/L.27) entitled "Operational activities of the
United Nations for international, development cooperation:  follow-up
to policy recommendations of the General Assembly", which read as
follows:

(*  In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the
Economic and Social Council.)

           "The Economic and Social Council,

           "Recalling General Assembly resolutions 50/120 of 20 December
      1995 on the triennial policy review of operational activities for
      development of the United Nations system and 50/227 of 24 May 1995
      on further measures for the restructuring and revitalization of
      the United Nations in the economic, social, and related fields,
      and Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/42 of 26 July
      1996,

           Recalling also that, in order to fulfil its coordination
      role, and in accordance with the policies formulated by the
      Assembly, the Council should consider, on an annual basis in the
      operational activities segment, the overall financial situation of
      the United Nations funds and programmes, particularly the
      contributions from developed countries to core resources, and make
      specific recommendations thereon on enhancing such contributions,

           "Reaffirming that operational activities for development
      within the United Nations system have a critical and unique role
      to play in enabling developing countries to continue to take a
      lead role in the management of their own development process and
      that the funds and programmes constitute important vehicles for
      advancing international development cooperation,
      
           "Noting with regret that, although significant progress has
      already been made on the restructuring and rationalization of the
      governance and functioning of the United Nations development funds
      and programmes, there has not been, as part of the overall reform
      process, any substantial increase in resources for operational
      activities for development on a predictable, continuous and
      assured basis, nor have the consultations on prospective new
      modalities for financing reached a conclusion,
      
           "Gravely concerned that the persistent insufficiency and
      decline of resources for operational activities for development,
      in particular of core resources, is seriously affecting the
      priorities and the capacity of the United Nations funds and
      programmes to carry out their functions and to respond effectively
      to the increasing needs of all developing countries, as well as
      seriously eroding their fundamental mandates and characteristics,
      particularly their universal and multilateral character,

           "Stressing that the fundamental characteristics of the
      operational activities of the United Nations system should be,
      inter alia, their universal, voluntary and grant nature, their
      neutrality and their multilateralism, as well as their ability to
      respond to the needs of developing countries in a flexible manner,
      and that the operational activities of the United Nations system
      are carried out for the benefit of the developing countries, at
      the request of those countries and in accordance with their own
      policies and priorities for development,

           "Recognizing the urgent and specific needs of the low-income
      countries, in particular the least developed countries,

           "Noting with appreciation the sustained contributions of some
      donors and recipient countries to the operational activities for
      development in a spirit of partnership and the recently expressed
      willingness of some donors to increase their contribution to the
      funds and programmes,

           "Reaffirming that capacity-building and its sustainability
      are an essential element for operational activities of the United
      Nations systems at the country level, which should be country-led
      and country-driven,

           "Noting that Assembly resolution 50/120 provides an
      opportunity to review all aspects of operational activities,
      including the resident coordinator system,
      
           "1.   Takes note of the reports of the United Nations funds and
      programmes;

                                            I

           "2.   Strongly reaffirms that the efficiency, effectiveness and
      impact of the operational activities of the United Nations system
      must be enhanced by, inter alia, a substantial increase in their
      funding on a predictable, continuous and assured basis,
      commensurate with the increasing needs of developing countries,
      through the full implementation of General Assembly resolutions
      47/199 of 22 December 1992, 48/162, 50/120 and 50/227;
      
           "3.   Stresses that intergovernmental discussion in the General
      Assembly, including the fifty-second session, and in the Economic
      and Social Council is essential to defining an international
      consensus on any measures that are contemplated to enhance the
      efficiency and functions of the United Nations funds and
      programmes;
      
           "4.   Urges the developed countries, in particular those
      countries whose overall performance is not commensurate with their
      capacity, taking into account established official development
      assistance targets and their current level of contribution, to
      increase substantially their official development assistance,
      including contributions to the operational activities of the
      United Nations system and for the effective implementation of the
      outcomes of the major United Nations international conferences;
      
           "5.   Recommends that the Executive Boards of the United
      Nations funds and programmes review and monitor, as a matter of
      priority and within the context of their regular meetings, their
      funding schemes, particularly of core resources, with a view to
      meeting their agreed upon target, reflecting the priorities and
      needs of programme countries, and increasing the target for
      voluntary contributions from official sources from the developed
      countries as the main source for funding of operational activities
      for the programming cycles, including the present cycle;
      
           "6.   Requests the Secretary-General to include in the report
      requested in paragraph 17 of Assembly resolution 50/227 proposals
      for increasing funding for operational activities for development
      on a predictable, continuous and assured basis, with a view to
      allowing the resumption during the fifty-second session of the
      Assembly substantive discussion on new modalities for funding of
      operational activities for development;
      
           "7.   Decides to continue examining during the operational
      activities segment of its substantive session of 1998 the issue of
      funding for operational activities of the United Nations system;

                                           II

           "8.   Reaffirms that the objective of capacity-building and its
      sustainability should continue to be an essential part of the
      operational activities of the United Nations system at the country
      level and should be country-driven, situation specific and
      consistent with national development plans and priorities, with
      the programmatic approach;
      
           "9.   Emphasizes that capacity building should aim at
      strengthening national execution, particularly in institutional
      and human resource development, with a view to enhancing local
      ownership and management of the development process, utilizing
      available local capacities and expertise;
      
           "10. Requests the United Nations Funds and Programmes to
      continue to provide support to the resident coordinator system as
      provided in Assembly resolution 50/120."

7.    At the 41st meeting, on 24 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), introduced a draft
resolution (E/1997/L.53), submitted on the basis of informal
consultations held on draft resolution E/1997/L.27.

8.    At the same meeting, the Council adopted draft resolution
E/1997/L.53.  See Council resolution 1997/59.

9.    After the draft resolution was adopted, a statement was made by
the representative of the United States of America (see E/1997/SR.41).

10.   In the light of the adoption of draft resolution E/1997/L.53,
draft resolution E/1997/L.27 was withdrawn by its sponsor.


             C.  Reports of the Executive Boards of the United Nations
                 Development Programme/United Nations Population Fund,
                 the United Nations Children's Fund and the World Food
                 Programme

11.   At its substantive session, the Council considered the reports of
the Executive Boards of the United Nations Development
Programme/United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations
Children's Fund and the World Food Programme (agenda item 3 (c)) at
its 18th and 19th meetings, on 8 July 1997.  An account of the
discussion is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.18
and 19).  The Council had before it the following documents:

      (a)  Report of the Executive Board of the United Nations
Development Programme/United Nations Populations Fund on its first and
second regular session of 1997 (DP/1997/6 and DP/1997/12);1/

      (b)  Decisions adopted by the Executive Board of the United
Nations Development Programme/United Nations Population Fund at its
annual session, 1997 (DP/1997/22);2/

      (c)  Report of the Executive Board of the United Children's Fund
on the work of its first and second regular sessions of 1997
(E/1997/32, Parts I and II);3/

      (d)  Report of the Executive Board of the World Food Programme
(E/1997/34 and Add.1);

      (e)  Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the
Executive Board of the World Food Programme on the revision of the
General Regulations of the World Food Programme (E/1997/49);

      (f)  Annual report of the Executive Director of the United Nations
Children's Fund to the Economic and Social Council (E/1997/59);

      (g)  Annual report of the Executive Director of the United Nations
Population Fund to the Economic and Social Council (E/1997/72);

      (h)  Annual report of the Administrator of the United Nations
Development Programme to the Economic and Social Council (E/1997/79);

      (i)  Extract from the report of the Executive Board of the United
Nations Children's Fund on its 1997 annual session (E/1997/L.20). 3/


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

12.   Under agenda item 3 (c), the Council adopted decision 1997/217.

Revision of the General Regulations of the World Food Programme

13.   At the 19th meeting, on 8 July, the Council took note of the note
by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Executive
Board of the World Food Programme on the revision of the General
Regulations of the World Food Programme (E/1997/49), endorsed the
revisions and decided to transmit them to the General Assembly for
consideration at its fifty-second session.  See Council decision
1997/217.

            D.  Economic and technical cooperation among developing countries

14.   At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
technical cooperation among developing countries (agenda item 3 (d))
at its 18th and 19th meetings, on 8 July 1997.  An account of the
discussion is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.18
and 19).  The Council had before it the report of the High-level
Committee on the Review of Technical Cooperation among Developing
countries (A/52/39).4/


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

15.   Under agenda item 3 (d), the Council adopted decision 1997/216.

Report of the High-level Committee on the Review of Technical
Cooperation among Developing Countries

16.   At its 19th meeting, on 8 July, the Council took note of the
report of the High-level Committee on the Review of Technical
Cooperation among Developing Countries (A/52/39).  See Council
decision 1997/216.


                                          Notes

1/  For the final report, see Official Records of the Economic and
Social Council, 1997 Supplement No. 13 (E/1997/33).

2/  For the final texts of the decisions, see Official Records of the
Economic and Social Council, 1997, Supplement No. 13 (E/1997/33).

3/  For the final report, see Official Records of the Economic and
Social Council, 1997, Supplement No. 12 (E/1997/32).

4/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-second Session,
Supplement No. 39 (A/52/39).


                                       Chapter IV

                                  COORDINATION SEGMENT

             COORDINATION OF THE POLICIES AND ACTIVITIES OF THE SPECIALIZED
                 AGENCIES AND OTHER BODIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM


            A.  Mainstreaming the gender perspective into all policies
                and programmes in the United Nations system

1.    At its substantive session, the Council held a panel discussion on
mainstreaming the gender perspective into all policies and programmes
in the United Nations system (agenda item 4 (a) at its 20th meeting on
9 July 1997.  The participants included the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees, the Associate Administrator of the United
Nations Development Programme, the Executive Director of the World
Food Programme, the Deputy Executive Director of the United Nations
Population Fund and the Deputy Director-General of the International
Labour Organization.  The Special Adviser on Gender Issues and
Advancement of Women served as moderator.  An account of the
discussion is contained in the relevant summary record (E/1997/SR.20).

2.    The Council continued its consideration of the item at its 21st,
22nd, 31st and 33rd meetings, on 9, 10, 17 and 18 July.  An account of
the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1997/SR.21, 22, 31 and 33).  The Council had before it the
following documents:

      (a)  Report of the Secretary-General on mainstreaming the gender
perspective into all policies and programmes in the United Nations
system (E/1997/66);

      (b)  Note by the Secretariat containing Commission on the Status
of Women resolution 41/6, entitled "Mainstreaming the gender
perspective into all policies and programmes in the United Nations
system" (E/1997/94);

      (c)  Statement submitted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, a
non-governmental organization in general consultative status with the
Economic and Social Council (E/1997/NGO/1).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

3.    At the 31st meeting, on 17 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Gerhard Henze (Germany), introduced the draft agreed
conclusions (E/1997/L.30) on mainstreaming the gender perspective into
all policies and programmes in the United Nations system.

4.    At the 33rd meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted the draft
agreed conclusions.  The text read as follows:


                                Agreed conclusions 1997/2

           "The Economic and Social Council takes note with appreciation
      of the report of the Secretary-General on the coordination of
      United Nations system activities for mainstreaming a gender
      perspective into all policies and programmes of the United Nations
      system (E/1997/66). 

           "States unanimously agreed at the Fourth World Conference on
      Women, held at Beijing in 1995, that it was essential to design,
      implement and monitor, with the full participation of women,
      effective, efficient and mutually reinforcing gender-sensitive
      policies and programmes, including development policies and
      programmes at all levels, to foster the empowerment and
      advancement of women.  In order to ensure effective implementation
      of the strategic objectives of the Beijing Platform for Action,1/
      the United Nations system should promote an active and visible
      policy of mainstreaming a gender perspective.

           "In recognition of the fact that a gender perspective has not
      yet been fully integrated into the mainstream of United Nations
      activities, the Council wishes to promote a coordinated and
      coherent policy of gender mainstreaming by further clarifying the
      concept of mainstreaming and the central principles associated
      with it as well as by addressing specific recommendations to all
      actors within the United Nations system.


                              "I.  CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES

                 "A.  Definition of the concept of gender mainstreaming

           "Mainstreaming a gender perspective is the process of
      assessing the implications for women and men of any planned
      action, including legislation, policies or programmes, in all
      areas and at all levels.  It is a strategy for making women's as
      well as men's concerns and experiences an integral dimension of
      the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies
      and programmes in all political, economic and societal spheres so
      that women and men benefit equally and inequality is not
      perpetuated.  The ultimate goal is to achieve gender equality.


              "B.  Principles for mainstreaming a gender perspective
                   in the United Nations system

           "Issues across all areas of activity should be defined in
      such a manner that gender differences can be diagnosed - that is,
      an assumption of gender-neutrality should not be made.

           "Responsibility for translating gender mainstreaming into
      practice is system-wide and rests at the highest levels. 
      Accountability for outcomes needs to be monitored constantly.

           "Gender mainstreaming also requires that every effort be made
      to broaden women's participation at all levels of decision-making.

           "Gender mainstreaming must be institutionalized through
      concrete steps, mechanisms and processes in all parts of the
      United Nations system.

           "Gender mainstreaming does not replace the need for targeted,
      women-specific policies and programmes or positive legislation,
      nor does it substitute for gender units or focal points.

           "Clear political will and the allocation of adequate and, if
      need be, additional human and financial resources for gender
      mainstreaming from all available funding sources are important for
      the successful translation of the concept into practice.


              "II.  SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS FOR GENDER MAINSTREAMING
                    IN THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

           "The Economic and Social Council highlights the importance of
      undertaking immediate and concrete steps to mainstream a gender
      perspective, including the implementation of the present
      recommendations as a matter of urgency and at the latest by the
      time of the five-year review of the Beijing Platform for Action in
      2000.


                "A.  The intergovernmental process of the United Nations

           "The Council encourages the General Assembly to direct all of
      its committees and bodies and draw the attention of other bodies
      of the United Nations system to the need to mainstream a gender
      perspective systematically into all areas of their work, in
      particular in such areas as macroeconomic questions, operational
      activities for development, poverty eradication, human rights,
      humanitarian assistance, budgeting, disarmament, peace and
      security, and legal and political matters, taking full advantage
      of the outcome of the work of the Commission on the Status of
      Women.

           "All bodies that deal with programme and budgetary matters,
      including the Committee for Programme and Coordination, should
      ensure that all programmes visibly mainstream a gender
      perspective.

           "Other intergovernmental bodies with similar responsibilities
      in the United Nations system - for instance, the governing bodies
      of the United Nations Development Programme/United Nations
      Population Fund, the United Nations Conference on Trade and
      Development, the World Food Programme, the United Nations
      Children's Fund, the Programme of the United Nations High
      Commissioner for Refugees and the specialized agencies - are
      encouraged to monitor the way in which the concerned agencies,
      funds and programmes implement gender mainstreaming in their
      respective medium-term plans and programme budgets, including at
      the field level.

           "The Council will take steps to strengthen its harmonization
      and coordination of the work programmes of the functional
      commissions, as well as the interaction between the Council, the
      functional commissions and other subsidiary bodies, to accelerate
      gender mainstreaming.  To this end, the Council entrusts its
      bureau with establishing or strengthening a dialogue with the
      chairpersons and bureaux of those bodies, as well as a dialogue
      between them, with the active support of the chairperson and
      bureau of the Commission on the Status of Women.

           "The Council calls upon all of its functional commissions and
      subsidiary bodies to mainstream a gender perspective in their
      work, and in this regard:

           "(a) To adopt, as a first step, an explicit decision on
      mainstreaming a gender perspective in their work;

           "(b) To make maximum use of the agreed conclusions of the
      Commission on the Status of Women on the 12 critical areas of
      concern when monitoring implementation of global conferences with
      regard to related topics at the national and international levels;

           "(c) To take into account the work of the Commission on the
      Status of Women and the Commission on Human Rights in the area of
      enjoyment of human rights by women.

           "The Commission on the Status of Women is urged:

           "(a) To provide suggestions to other functional commissions
      and the Council on gender mainstreaming;

           "(b) To use the work of other functional commissions as it
      relates to the 12 critical areas of concern in the Beijing
      Platform for Action - for example, in 1998, that of the Commission
      on Human Rights and, in 1999, that of the Commission on Population
      and Development - in dealing with priority themes.

           "Regional commissions are requested to assume a catalytic
      role in exchanging experiences and best practices as well as
      promoting cooperation in gender mainstreaming on a regional level.

           "The Secretariat is requested to present issues and
      approaches in a gender-sensitive manner when preparing reports so
      as to provide the intergovernmental machinery with an analytical
      basis for gender-responsive policy formulation and to ensure that
      the intergovernmental machinery is made aware of the decisions and
      recommendations of other relevant bodies in relation to gender
      mainstreaming.

           "Under an item entitled 'Integrated follow-up of major United
      Nations conferences', the Council will monitor annually the way in
      which its functional commissions and subsidiary bodies mainstream
      a gender perspective on the basis of the report on the follow-up
      to the Fourth World Conference on Women.


             "B.  Institutional requirements for gender mainstreaming
                  in all policies and programmes

           "The Council welcomes the Secretary-General's commitment to
      mainstreaming a gender perspective and encourages him to demand
      accountability from senior managers for gender mainstreaming; in
      this regard, the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement
      of Women is encouraged to continue to fulfil her important role.

           "In the ongoing reform process within the United Nations
      system, inter alia, in the work of the executive committees, the
      systemic integration of a gender perspective should be ensured.

           "The Council encourages the efforts of the Administrative
      Committee on Coordination (ACC) to develop a mission statement on
      gender mainstreaming and trusts that such a statement will send a
      clear and concrete message to the system and will be applicable
      system-wide.

           "The heads of the specialized agencies are encouraged to
      establish accountability of senior managers for gender
      mainstreaming.

           "All entities of the United Nations system, making full use
      of the expertise and support of gender units or focal points - the
      Division for the Advancement of Women of the Secretariat, the
      United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the
      International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement
      of Women (INSTRAW) and the Inter-Agency Committee on Women and
      Gender Equality - should institutionalize mainstreaming of a
      gender perspective at all levels through specific steps,
      including:

           "(a) The adoption of gender mainstreaming policies and the
      formulation of specific mainstreaming strategies for sectoral
      areas;

           "(b) The use of institutional directives rather than
      discretionary guidelines for gender mainstreaming;

           "(c) The improvement of tools for gender mainstreaming, such
      as gender analysis, the use of data disaggregated by sex and age
      and sector-specific gender surveys, as well as gender-sensitive
      studies, guidelines and checklists for programming;

           "(d) The establishment of instruments and mechanisms for
      monitoring and evaluation, such as gender-impact analysis
      methodologies;

           "(e) The creation of accountability mechanisms for gender
      mainstreaming.

           "United Nations funds and programmes and specialized agencies
      should ensure that, on the basis of gender analysis, gender
      concerns are addressed in all planning activities when setting
      priorities, allocating resources and identifying actions and
      activities.  The funds, programmes and agencies should also be
      requested to include an assessment of the steps taken to translate
      gender mainstreaming into country programmes and projects in their
      reports to the Council at its operational activities segment.

           "All entities of the United Nations system should institute
      mechanisms for gender mainstreaming in their planning and
      programming, for example, through participation of gender
      specialists in these processes.  Administrative procedures should
      be adapted to include accountability mechanisms, ensuring that a
      gender analysis has been conducted and its results reflected in
      the respective activity.

           "The Council will assess the extent to which a gender
      perspective is being applied through institutional directives for
      planning and programming, in preparation of the comprehensive
      review of the system-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of
      women, 1996-2001.

           "The Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender Equality, the
      Division for the Advancement of Women, INSTRAW and UNIFEM, in
      their advocacy and advisory roles, should better coordinate their
      support and catalytic activities for gender mainstreaming and
      should identify and develop joint activities and work plans in
      appropriate areas.  The annual reports of INSTRAW and UNIFEM
      should be made available to the Commission on the Status of Women
      for information.


                 "C.  The role of gender units and focal points in
                      gender mainstreaming

           "The location, seniority level, resources and participation
      of gender units/focal points in all policy-making and programming
      processes and support at the most senior management and
      decision-making levels are also crucial in translating the gender
      mainstreaming mandate into practical reality.  The role of such
      gender specialists in all areas, including the economic and social
      fields, human rights and the political, humanitarian, peace and
      security areas, should be strengthened.

           "The responsibilities of gender units and focal points should
      include:

           "(a) Support for the development of gender-sensitive policies
      and programme strategies;

           "(b) Advice and support of staff in applying a gender
      perspective, in particular in the follow-up to United Nations
      conferences;

           "(c) Development of tools and methodologies for gender
      mainstreaming;

           "(d) Collection and dissemination of information on gender
      issues and on best practices;

           "(e) Assistance in monitoring and evaluating progress in
      gender mainstreaming in policy, programme and budgetary terms.

           "At the field level, United Nations gender units and focal
      points should:

           "(a) Provide guidance to the entities of the United Nations
      system on gender mainstreaming in the integrated follow-up to
      conferences across different sectoral areas;

           "(b) In this regard, network with national machinery for the
      advancement of women and with all non-governmental organizations,
      in particular women's non-governmental organizations.


                     "D.  Capacity-building for gender mainstreaming

           "To enhance system-wide gender sensitivity and gender
      expertise through training as a priority for gender mainstreaming,
      all entities of the United Nations system should:

           "(a) Integrate a gender perspective into all training
      programmes;

           "(b) Provide continuous gender training for all staff,
      including those at the highest levels;

           "(c) Provide special training for gender experts to enhance
      their skills;

           "(d) Ensure that specialized gender expertise is available to
      them;

           "(e) Coordinate their training efforts through a system-wide
      evaluation of the impact of gender-training.

           "The relevant agencies, funds and programmes of the United
      Nations system should consider making arrangements and, if
      necessary, drawing up additional protocols to existing memoranda
      of understanding in order to mainstream a gender perspective in
      inter-agency partnerships and in cooperation agreements with
      intergovernmental organizations.

           "To strengthen capacities for the collection, evaluation and
      exchange of gender-related information, a coordinated, system-wide
      effort under the leadership of the main coordinators for specific
      areas is needed for the development and systematic usage of, inter
      alia:

           "(a) Gender-disaggregated statistics and indicators;

           "(b) Proposals for treaty bodies and States on how to use
      statistics, including gender-disaggregated data, in reporting on
      and monitoring all relevant treaties in order to integrate a
      gender perspective;

           "(c) Non-numerical indicators to monitor gender mainstreaming;

           "(d) Electronic networks for information exchange on gender
      mainstreaming, such as WomenWatch;

           "(e) Gender-sensitive public information activities and
      materials in all thematic areas.

           "Gender balance is another central goal.  It is recommended
      that the General Assembly and the Commission on the Status of
      Women be regularly provided with statistics on the number and
      percentage of women at all levels throughout the whole United
      Nations system.  The Council reaffirms the goal of a 50/50 gender
      distribution by the year 2000 within the United Nations system,
      especially at the D-1 level and above, with full respect for the
      principle of equitable geographical distribution, in conformity
      with Article 101 of the Charter of the United Nations, also taking
      into account the lack of representation or the
      under-representation of certain countries.  The ACC Consultative
      Committee on Administrative Questions and the International Civil
      Service Commission should monitor progress in staffing policies
      aimed at achieving gender balance. 

           "Capacity-building also requires the collection and sharing
      of best practices and lessons learned within the United Nations
      system and at the national level, including successful national
      initiatives:

           "(a) The Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender Equality
      is encouraged to develop a standardized format for documenting and
      assessing gender-mainstreaming experiences in all areas of work,
      such as social and economic development, macroeconomic questions,
      operational activities for development, poverty eradication, human
      rights, humanitarian assistance, budgeting, disarmament, peace and
      security, and legal and political matters, including training and
      capacity-building;

           "(b) The practice of the Committee on the Elimination of
      Discrimination against Women, in cooperating and collaborating
      with other treaty-monitoring bodies, should serve as a good
      example of the mainstreaming of a gender perspective throughout
      the United Nations system;

           "(c) At the field level, United Nations operational entities,
      with support from gender experts and coordinated by inter-agency
      committees, should develop and share memoranda of understanding on
      gender equality goals in programme development and project
      implementation.

           "The Division for the Advancement of Women, acting as the
      secretariat of the Commission on the Status of Women, should play
      an especially active role in generating new ideas, proposing
      practical suggestions and promoting constructive implementation of
      gender mainstreaming.

           "Capacity-building further requires recognizing the
      importance of working with national commissions, national
      institutions for the advancement of women and non-governmental
      organizations, in particular women's non-governmental
      organizations, and developing partnerships with them.

           "Accountability structures for gender mainstreaming need to
      be introduced or strengthened through institutional mechanisms and
      management culture.  In this regard, the Inter-Agency Committee on
      Women and Gender Equality is encouraged:

           "(a) To prepare a catalogue of accountability measures,
      including performance indicators, to monitor and evaluate progress
      in gender mainstreaming on both the programmatic and resource
      side;

           "(b) To establish a baseline for gender mainstreaming
      performance by identifying a number of core indicators to be used
      in all departments and entities;

           "(c) To report regularly thereon, inter alia, to the
      Commission on the Status of Women.


             "E.  Gender mainstreaming in the integrated follow-up
                  to global United Nations conferences

           "In order to facilitate gender mainstreaming in the
      integrated follow-up, review and appraisal of global United
      Nations conferences, the Council urges all entities of the United
      Nations system to:

           "(a) Apply a gender perspective to all conference follow-up
      and, where appropriate, adjust their implementation activities
      accordingly, including through targeted, women-specific projects;

           "(b) To utilize gender analysis effectively to identify the
      differential impact of implementation on women and men and to
      guide implementation towards gender equality.

           "The resident coordinator should play a primary role in
      developing a coherent approach to gender mainstreaming in United
      Nations activities on conference follow-up at the field level,
      inter alia, through country strategy notes where these exist. 
      Close cooperation between the resident coordinator, UNIFEM
      regional programme advisers, UNDP gender focal points and other
      United Nations agencies, funds and programmes should be ensured. 

           "All United Nations gender experts/focal points at the field
      level, including the UNIFEM regional programme advisers, should:

           "(a) Establish a policy dialogue within sectoral areas to
      identify areas of commonality and complementarity between the
      critical areas of concern identified in the Beijing Platform for
      Action and the results of other United Nations conferences;

           "(b) Facilitate linkages between national machineries for the
      advancement of women and all non-governmental organizations, in
      particular women's non-governmental organizations, and the
      institutions and processes engaged in implementation of United
      Nations conferences.

           "Enhanced interaction among the Division for the Advancement
      of Women, INSTRAW, UNIFEM and national machineries for the
      advancement of women, such as national commissions, national
      institutions and all non-governmental organizations, in particular
      women's non-governmental organizations and relevant research
      institutes, should be pursued."


                  B.  Freshwater, including clean and safe water
                      supply and sanitation

5.    The Council considered the question of freshwater, including clean
and safe water supply and sanitation (agenda item 4 (b)) at its 23rd,
24th, 33rd and 35th meetings, on 11, 18 and 21 July 1997.  An account
of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1997/SR.23, 24, 33 and 35).  The Council had before it the report
of the Secretary-General on freshwater, including clean and safe water
supply and sanitation (E/1997/70).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

6.    At the 33rd meeting, on 18 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Gerhard Walter Henze (Germany), introduced the draft
agreed conclusions on freshwater, including clean and safe water
supply and sanitation (E/1997/L.40).

7.    At the 35th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted the draft
agreed conclusions, as corrected during the discussion.  The text read
as follows:


                                Agreed conclusions 1997/3

           "The Economic and Social Council takes note of the report of
      the Secretary-General on freshwater, including clean and safe
      water supply and sanitation (E/1997/70) and of the suggestions
      contained in it for enhancing coordination and cooperation among
      the organizations of the United Nations system in the field of
      water resources.

           "The Council notes with great concern that more than one
      fifth of the world's population does not have access to safe
      drinking water and more than half of humanity lacks adequate
      sanitation.  It reiterates its recommendation2/ that the
      organizations of the United Nations system should assign high
      priority to strengthening their activities and cooperation in
      these areas of endeavour.

           "The Council notes that the Commission on Sustainable
      Development, at its fifth session, and the General Assembly, at
      its nineteenth special session, looked upon water resources as an
      issue requiring high priority.  The Council welcomes resolution 5-
      19/2, adopted by the General Assembly at its nineteenth special
      session, by which the Assembly, building on existing principles
      and instruments, arrangements and programmes of action called for
      'a dialogue under the aegis of the Commission on Sustainable
      Development, beginning at its sixth session, aimed at building a
      consensus on the necessary actions, and in particular, on the
      means of implementation and on tangible results, in order to
      consider initiating a strategic approach for the implementation of
      all aspects of the sustainable use of freshwater for social and
      economic purposes, including, inter alia, safe drinking water and
      sanitation, water for irrigation, recycling and waste-water
      management, and the important role freshwater plays in natural
      ecosystems'.3/  The General Assembly further stated that 'this
      intergovernmental process will be fully fruitful only if there is
      a proved commitment by the international community to the
      provision of new and additional financial resources for the goals
      of this initiative'. 3/  The Council stresses the importance of the
      role of the Commission on Sustainable Development concerning all
      matters related to the sustainable development of water resources.

           "The Economic and Social Council takes note of existing
      arrangements for cooperation and coordination through the
      Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC) Subcommittee on
      Water Resources and other arrangements among specific
      organizations and recommends that they take further steps towards
      streamlining their programme and activities.  The Council urges
      the ACC Subcommittee to analyse in detail the activities that are
      currently being carried out by the organizations of the system and
      their interrelationship and to prepare a report on the subject by
      the end of 1997.  The report would be a useful input into the
      preparatory process leading up to the sixth session of the
      Commission on Sustainable Development.  The Council further
      recommends that the regional commissions take measures to enhance
      their participation at the sessions of the ACC Subcommittee on
      Water Resources in order to provide the necessary regional
      perspectives to the work of the Subcommittee.

           "The Economic and Social Council stresses the seriousness of
      the capacity-building problem in developing countries and urges
      the organizations of the United Nations system to assign high
      priority to programmes and activities geared to the provision of
      support in this respect.  It takes note of the conclusion of the
      comprehensive assessment of the freshwater resources of the world
      (E/CN.17/1997/9), submitted to the Commission on Sustainable
      Development at its fifth session, to the effect that the
      capability of providing accurate data on water quantity and
      quality is sorely lacking in the majority of countries and that,
      despite the existence of important programmes, international
      support efforts concerning information management remains
      fragmented and incomplete.  The Council welcomes the
      recommendation by the General Assembly, at its nineteenth special
      session, 'to strengthen the capability of Governments and
      international institutions to collect and manage information,
      including scientific, social and environmental data, in order to
      facilitate the integrated assessment and management of water
      resources, and foster regional and international cooperation for
      information dissemination and exchange through cooperative
      approaches among United Nations institutions, including the United
      Nations Environment Programme, and centres of environmental
      excellence.  In this regard, technical assistance to developing
      countries will continue to be important'.4/  The Council also
      considers that, owing to the lack of data in both developed and
      developing countries, there is a need for an update and
      reassessment of the water resources of the world.  Given the
      seriousness of the situation concerning the effect of the disposal
      of toxic substances, including arsenic contamination of drinking
      water supplies, and of persistent organic pollutants upon water
      resources, the Council recommends that close attention be given to
      these issues.  The work of the organizations of the United Nations
      system must be carried out taking into account chapter 18 and
      other relevant chapters of Agenda 21." 5/


                                          Notes

1/  Report of the Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing, 4-
15 September 1997 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.96.IV.13),
chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

2/  See Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/46.

3/  General Assembly resolution S-19/2, annex, para. 35.

4/  Ibid., para. 34 (f).

5/  Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference (United Nations publication E.93.I.8 and
corrigendum), chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.


                                        Chapter V

                                     GENERAL SEGMENT


               A.  Integrated and coordinated implementation and follow-up
                   of the major international United Nations conferences  
                   and summits                                            

1.    At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
integrated and coordinated implementation and follow-up of the major
international United Nations conferences and summits (agenda item 5)
at its 29th, 30th, 37th and 42nd meetings, on 15, 17, 22 and 25 July
1997.  An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant
summary records (E/1997/SR.29, 30, 37 and 42).  It had before it the
following documents:

      (a)  Letter dated 19 March 1997 from the Permanent Representative
of Bangladesh to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
(A/52/113-E/1997/18);

      (b)  Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the
Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations  on the outcome of the World Food Summit
(A/52/132-E/1997/57);

      (c)  Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
agreed conclusions of the 1996 coordination segment of the Council on
the eradication of poverty (E/1997/58);

      (d)  Report of the Secretary-General (E/1997/73);

      (e)  Statement submitted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, a
non-governmental organization in general consultative status with the
Economic and Social Council (E/1997/NGO/4).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

2.    Under agenda item 5, the Council adopted resolutions 1997/42,
1997/60 and 1997/61 and decision 1997/302.

Follow-up to the International Conference on Population and Development

3.    At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh) introduced a draft
resolution (E/1997/L.42) entitled "International Conference on
Population and Development", submitted on the basis of informal
consultations.

4.    At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution. 
See Council resolution 1997/42.

Eradication of poverty

5.    At its 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council adopted a draft
resolution (E/1997/L.54) entitled "Eradication of poverty", submitted
by the Vice-President of the Council, Mr. Juan Somavi'a (Chile), on
the basis of informal consultations.  See Council resolution 1997/60.

Session of the Economic and Social Council in 1998 on integrated and
coordinated implementation and follow-up of the major United Nations
conferences and summits

6.    At its 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council adopted a draft
decision (E/1997/L.55) entitled "Session of the Economic and Social
Council in 1998 on integrated and coordinated implementation and
follow-up of the major United Nations conferences and summits",
submitted by the Vice-President of the Council, Mr. Juan Somavi'a
(Chile), on the basis of informal consultations.  See Council decision
1997/302.

Integrated and coordinated implementation and follow-up of the major
United Nations conferences and summits

7.    At its 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council adopted a draft
resolution (E/1997/L.57) entitled "Integrated and coordinated
implementation and follow-up of the major United Nations conferences
and summits", submitted by the Vice-President of the Council, Mr.
Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), on the basis of informal
consultations.  See Council resolution 1997/61.


                     B.  Coordination, programme and other questions

8.    At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
coordination, programme and other questions (agenda item 6) at its
25th, 26th, 28th, 31st to 33rd, 35th, 37th, 40th, 41st and 42nd
meetings, on 14, 15, 17 and 18, and from 21 to 25 July 1997.  An
account of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1997/SR.25, 26, 28, 31-33, 35, 37, 40, 41 and 42).  It had before
it the following documents:

      (a)  Relevant sections of the proposed programme budget for the
biennium 1998-1999 (A/52/6);

      (b)  Report of the Committee for Programme and Coordination on its
thirty-seventh session (A/52/16); 1/

      (c)  Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the comments of
the Administrative Committee on Coordination on the report of the
Joint Inspection Unit (A/51/655-E/1996/105) entitled "Review of
financial resources allocated by the United Nations system to
activities by non-governmental organizations" (A/52/114-E/1997/46);

      (d)  Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the comments of
the Administrative Committee on Coordination on the report of the
Joint Inspection Unit (A/51/636-E/1996/104) entitled "Coordination of
policy and programming frameworks for more effective development
cooperation" (A/52/115-E/1997/47);

      (e)  Report of the Secretary-General on possibilities of
strengthening the coordination of the organizations and bodies of the
United Nations system in the field of energy within the framework of
the Administrative Committee on Coordination (A/52/175-E/1997/75);

      (f)  Letter dated 30 January 1997 from the Permanent
Representative of the Kyrgyz Republic to the United Nations addressed
to the Secretary-General concerning the proclamation of the year 2000
as international year of mountains (E/1997/3);

      (g)  Report of the Council of the United Nations University for
1996 (E/1997/7);

      (h)  Letter dated 5 February 1997 from the Permanent
Representative of Japan to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General concerning the proclamation of the year 2001 as the
international year of volunteers (E/1997/11);

      (i)  Letter dated 6 February 1997 from the Charge' d'affaires a.i.
of the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the United Nations addressed
to the Secretary-General concerning the proclamation of the year 2000
as the international year of thanksgiving (E/1997/12);

      (j)  Annual overview report of the Administrative Committee on
Coordination for 1996 (E/1997/54 and Corr.1);

      (k)  Report of the Secretary-General on progress made in the
implementation of multisectoral collaboration on tobacco or health
(E/1997/62);

      (l)  Note by the Secretary-General on the Joint and Co-sponsored
United Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired
Immunodeficiency Syndrome (E/1997/63);

      (m)  Letter dated 19 June 1997 from the Chairman of the Committee
on Conferences to the President of the Economic and Social Council
(E/1997/84);

      (n)  Report of the Secretary-General on international cooperation
in the field of informatics (E/1997/88);

      (o)  Letter dated 27 June 1997 from the Permanent Representative
of Co^te d'Ivoire to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-
General concerning the proclamation of the year 2000 as the
international year for the cuture of peace (E/1997/93);

      (p)  Note by the Secretariat on the provisional calendar of
conferences and meetings for 1998 and 1999 in the economic, social and
related fields (E/1997/L.18 and Add.1).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

9.    Under agenda item 6, the Council adopted resolutions 1997/1,
1997/43 to 1997/47 and 1997/52 and decisions 1997/299 to 1997/301,
1997/303 and 1997/304.


                           1.  Reports of coordination bodies

Reports of coordination bodies considered by the Economic and Social
Council

10.   At the 41st meeting, on 24 July, the Council took note of the
annual overview report of the Administrative Committee on Coordination
for 1996 (E/1997/54 and Corr.1).  See Council decision 1997/300.


                  2.  Multisectoral collaboration on tobacco or health

Tobacco or health

11.   At the 33rd meeting, on 18 July, the representative of Bangladesh
introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.34) entitled "Tobacco or
health".  Subsequently, the representative of Tunisia joined in
sponsoring the draft resolution.

12.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, on the proposal of the
representative of Bangladesh, the Council decided to postpone
consideration of the draft resolution.

Report of the Secretary-General on progress made in the implementation
of multisectoral collaboration on tobacco or health

13.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, on the proposal of the President,
the Council took note of the report of the Secretary-General on
progress made in the implementation of multisectoral collaboration on
tobacco or health (E/1997/62).  See Council decision 1997/303.


                3.  International cooperation in the field of informatics

The need to harmonize and improve United Nations informatics systems
for optimal utilization and accessibility by all States

14.   At the 28th meeting, on 15 July, the representative of the Czech
Republic, on behalf of Albania*, Algeria,* Andorra,* Angola,*
Antigua and Barbuda,* Argentina, Armenia,* Australia, Azerbaijan,*
Bahamas,* Bahrain,* Bangladesh, Barbados,* Belize,* Benin,* Bhutan,*
Bolivia,* Bosnia and Herzegovina,* Botswana,* Brazil, Brunei
Darussalam,* Bulgaria,* Burkina Faso,* Burundi,* Cambodia,* Cameroon,*
Canada, Cape Verde, the Central African Republic, Chad,* Chile, China,
Colombia, the Comoros,* the Congo, Costa Rica,* Co^te d'Ivoire,
Croatia,* Cuba, Cyprus,* the Czech Republic, the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea,* the Democratic Republic of the Congo,* Djibouti,
Dominica,* the Dominican Republic,* Ecuador,* Egypt,* El Salvador,
Eritrea,* Ethiopia,* Fiji,* France, Gabon, the Gambia, Ghana,*
Grenada,* Guatemala,* Guinea,* Guinea-Bissau,* Guyana, Haiti,*
Honduras,* Hungary,* Indonesia,* Iran (Islamic Republic of),* Iraq,*
Italy,* Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan,* Kenya,* Kuwait,*
Kyrgyzstan,* the Lao People's Democratic Republic,* Latvia, Lebanon,
Lesotho,* Liberia,* the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,* Liechtenstein,*
Lithuania,* Madagascar,* Malawi,* Malaysia, Mali,* Malta,* the
Marshall Islands,* Mauritania,* Mauritius,* Mexico, Micronesia
(Federated States of),* Mongolia,* Morocco,* Mozambique, Myanmar,*
Namibia,* Nepal,* New Zealand,* Nicaragua, the Niger,* Nigeria,*
Norway,* Oman,* Pakistan,* Palau,* Panama,* Papua New Guinea,*
Paraguay,* Peru,* the Philippines, Poland, Qatar,* the Republic of
Korea, the Republic of Moldova,* Romania, the Russian Federation,
Rwanda,* Saint Kitts and Nevis,* Saint Lucia,* Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines,* Samoa,* San Marino,* Saudi Arabia,* Senegal,*
Seychelles,* Sierra Leone,* Singapore,* Slovakia,* Slovenia,* Solomon
Islands,* South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, the Sudan, Suriname,*
Swaziland,* the Syrian Arab Republic,* Tajikistan,* Thailand, the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,* Togo, Trinidad and Tobago,*
Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan,* Uganda, Ukraine,* the United Arab
Emirates,* the United Republic of Tanzania,* the United States of
America, Uruguay,* Uzbekistan,* Vanuatu,* Venezuela,* Viet Nam,*
Yemen,* Zambia and Zimbabwe,* introduced a draft resolution
(E/1997/L.28) entitled "The need to harmonize and improve United
Nations informatics systems for optimal utilization and accessibility
by all States".  Subsequently, Portugal,* Sweden and the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland joined in sponsoring the
draft resolution.

(* In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the
Economic and Social Council.)


15.   At the 33rd meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1997/1.

16.   After the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
Luxembourg made a statement on behalf of the States members of the
European Union.


                 4.  Coordination of the activities of the organizations
                     of the United Nations system in the field of energy

Report of the Secretary-General on the possibilities of strengthening
the coordination of the organizations and bodies of the United Nations
system in the field of energy within the framework of the
Administrative Committee on Coordination

17.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, on the proposal of the President,
the Council took note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
possibilities of strengthening the coordination of the organizations
and bodies of the United Nations system in the field of energy within
the framework of the Administrative Committee on Coordination
(A/52/175-E/1997/75).  See Council decision 1997/304.


              5.  Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human 
                  Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
(HIV/AIDS)

18.   At the 33rd meeting, on 18 July, the representative of Luxembourg,
on behalf of Japan, South Africa and the States Members of the United
Nations that are members of the European Union, introduced a draft
resolution (E/1997/L.36) entitled "Human immunodeficiency
virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)".  Subsequently,
the Congo, Co^te d'Ivoire, Mexico, Mozambique, Norway*, Uganda and the
United States of America joined in sponsoring the draft resolution,
which read as follows:

           "The Economic and Social Council,

           "Recalling its resolutions 1994/24 of 26 July 1994, 1995/2 of
      3 July 1995 and 1996/47 of 26 July 1996,

           "Noting with concern the continuing spread of human
      immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
      (HIV/AIDS), particularly HIV/AIDS-associated deaths in 1996, which
      represent about 25 per cent of all HIV-related mortality since the
      beginning of the epidemic, the severe impact on development
      prospects and the worsening impact on individuals, households and
      society, 

           "Recognizing that women and men are affected differently and
      that, in 1996, nearly half of the new infections occurred in
      women,

           "Noting also with concern the increasingly dramatic situation
      of millions of children worldwide who are living under threat of
      the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and welcoming the theme of the 1997 World
      AIDS Campaign on Children Living in a World with AIDS, 

           "Noting with satisfaction the progress achieved in the
      implementation of the activities of the Joint and Co-sponsored
      United Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired
      Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and its co-sponsoring
      organizations during the first full year of operations of the
      Programme, and acknowledging the continued efforts made by
      Governments in response to HIV/AIDS at the national level as well
      as the financial support provided by countries to these efforts,

           "Noting that the Programme, which was established to provide
      a coordinated United Nations response to the epidemic, constitutes
      an important example in the current United Nations reform efforts,

           "Taking note of the note by the Secretary-General
      transmitting the report of the Executive Director of the Programme
      (E/1997/63), which discusses the HIV/AIDS activities of the
      organizations of the United Nations system, and welcoming the
      increased involvement of the Secretary-General in the response to
      HIV/AIDS and his support to the Programme,

           "1.   Urges the co-sponsors and other relevant organizations of
      the United Nations system to strengthen their commitment to the
      response to the epidemic by integrating HIV/AIDS components
      throughout their operational activities at global, regional and
      country levels and in their follow-up activities to global
      conferences;

           "2.   Requests co-sponsoring organizations and the Programme to
      disseminate clear guidance to country-level staff on the role and
      functions of the United Nations theme groups on HIV/AIDS and their
      respective roles in providing technical assistance, and to report
      back to their respective governing bodies and to the Programme
      Coordinating Board on measures undertaken in this respect;

           "3.   Requests the United Nations funds and programmes and
      invites the specialized agencies to ensure effective coordination
      of HIV/AIDS-related activities in the context of the resident
      coordinator system;  

           "4.   Urges the co-sponsoring organizations to share costs
      related to administrative support for the effective functioning of
      theme groups within the framework of the United Nations resident
      coordinator system;

           "5.   Appeals to Governments and the co-sponsors, and
      encourages other interested actors, to broaden their programme
      activities in the area of HIV/AIDS in order to cover all aspects
      of the epidemic, in particular addressing its social and economic
      dimensions;

           "6.   Urges all donors to continue their support and those not
      contributing substantially to increase their support to the
      Programme, giving priority to funding the core budget before
      making specified contributions in order to ensure its sustainable
      financing;

           "7.   Welcomes the support from non-traditional donors and
      urges other countries in a position to do so to contribute to the
      Programme;

           "8.   Requests the Secretary-General to transmit to the
      Economic and Social Council, at its substantive session of 1999, a
      comprehensive report prepared by the Executive Director of the
      Programme in collaboration with other relevant organizations of
      the United Nations system, drawing upon the biennial report on
      HIV/AIDS to be issued in 1998, on the progress made in the
      response to HIV/AIDS and its impact on the countries affected."

19.   At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), introduced a draft
resolution (E/1997/L.46), submitted on the basis of the informal
consultations held on draft resolution E/1997/L.36.

20.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted draft resolution
E/1997/L.46.  See Council resolution 1997/52.

21.   In the light of the adoption of draft resolution E/1997/L.46,
draft resolution E/1997/L.36 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                6.  Proposed programme budget for the biennium 1998-1999

22.   At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
the proposed programme budget for the biennium 1998-1999 (agenda item
6 (f)) at its 40th meeting, on 23 July.  An account of the discussion
is contained in the relevant summary record (E/1997/SR.40).  The
Council took no action on the item.


                7.  Calendar of conferences and meetings in the economic,
                    social and related fields                            

Calendar of conferences and meetings for 1998 and 1999 in the
economic, social and related fields

23.   At its 41st meeting, on 24 July, the Council approved the calendar
of conferences and meetings for 1998 and 1999 in the economic, social
and related fields (E/1997/L.18 and Add.1).  See Council decision
1997/301.


                              8.  United Nations University

Report of the United Nations University

24.   At the 35th meeting, on 21 July, the Russian Federation introduced
a draft resolution (E/1997/L.38) entitled "United Nations University".

25.   At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), orally revised the
draft resolution on the basis of informal consultations.

26.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised.  See Council resolution 1997/43.


                         9.  Proclamation of international years

International Year of Volunteers, 2001

27.   At the 35th meeting, on 21 July, the representative of Japan, on
behalf of Argentina, Armenia,* Australia, Austria,* Bangladesh,
Belgium,* Canada, Colombia, the Congo, Costa Rica,* Djibouti, El
Salvador, Finland, France, Germany, Honduras,* Hungary,* Iceland,
Indonesia,* Ireland,* Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Latvia, Lebanon,
Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mauritius,* Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States
of),* Mozambique, Nepal,* the Netherlands, Nicaragua, Peru,* the
Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Romania, Senegal,* South Africa,
Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Tunisia, the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, the United Republic of Tanzania,* the United
States of America, Zambia and Zimbabwe,* introduced a draft resolution
(E/1997/L.24/Rev.1) entitled "International Year of Volunteers, 2001". 
Subsequently, Denmark,* Ecuador,* Haiti,* Israel,* Kyrgyzstan,*
Namibia,* Pakistan,* Poland, Portugal,* Swaziland* and Ukraine* joined
in sponsoring the draft resolution.

(* In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the
Economic and Social Council.)


28.   At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), orally revised the
draft resolution on the basis of informal consultations.

29.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised.  See Council resolution 1997/44.

Proclamation of an international year of mountains

30.   At the 31st meeting, on 17 July, the observer for Kyrgyzstan,* on
behalf of Afghanistan,* Andorra,* Argentina, Armenia,* Austria,*
Azerbaijan,* Bangladesh, Bhutan,* Brazil, Cambodia,* Canada, China,
the Congo, Djibouti, France, Georgia,* Germany, Guyana, Italy,*
Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan,* Kyrgyzstan,* Lebanon, Liechtenstein,*
Monaco,* Mongolia,* Nepal,* Peru,* Republic of Moldova,* Romania,
Slovenia,* Switzerland,* Tajikistan,* Thailand, the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia,* Turkey, Turkmenistan,* Ukraine* and
Uzbekistan,* introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.31) entitled
"Proclamation of an international year of mountains".  Subsequently,
Colombia, Japan, Pakistan* and Poland joined in sponsoring the draft
resolution.

31.   At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), informed the
Council of the outcome of informal consultations held on the draft
resolution.

32.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution. 
See Council resolution 1997/45.

Proclamation of international years

33.   At the 35th meeting, on 21 July, the representative of the Russian
Federation introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.32) entitled
"Proclamation of international years".

34.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), informed the
Council of the results of the informal consultations held on the draft
resolution.

35.   At the same meeting, the Council decided to defer consideration of
the draft resolution to the resumed session of the Council.

International Year of Thanksgiving, 2000

36.   At the 31st meeting, on 17 July, the representative of Argentina, 
on behalf of Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa
Rica,* Co^te d'Ivoire, El Salvador, Guyana, Kenya,* Kyrgyzstan,*
Nicaragua, Paraguay,* the Philippines, Swaziland,* the United States
of America and Uruguay,* introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.35)
entitled "The year 2000:  International Year of Thanksgiving". 
Subsequently, Ecuador,* Honduras,* Liberia,* Poland, Trinidad and
Tobago,* Tunisia and Venezuela* joined in sponsoring the draft
resolution.

(*  In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the
Economic and Social Council.)


37.   At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), informed the
Council of the results of the informal consultations held on the draft
resolution.

38.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution. 
See Council resolution 1997/46.

International Year for the Culture of Peace, 2000

39.   At the 31st meeting, on 17 July, the representative of Co^te
d'Ivoire, on behalf of Algeria,* Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cape
Verde, Chile, Colombia, the Congo, Co^te d'Ivoire, the Democratic
Republic of the Congo,* Djibouti, Egypt,* El Salvador, Ethiopia,*
Gabon, Ghana,* Guatemala,* Guinea,* Haiti,* Israel,* Jamaica, Kenya,*
Morocco,* Mozambique, Namibia,* Nigeria,* Peru,* Senegal,* South
Africa, the Sudan, Swaziland,* Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, the
United Republic of Tanzania,* Uruguay,* Venezuela,* Zambia and
Zimbabwe,* introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.37) entitled
"Proclamation of the year 2000 as the International Year for the
Culture of Peace".  Subsequently, Cuba joined in sponsoring the draft
resolution.

40.   At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), informed the
Council of the results of the informal consultations held on the draft
resolution.

41.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution. 
See Council resolution 1997/47.

Documents considered by the Economic and Social Council in connection
with coordination, programme and other questions

42.   At the 41st meeting, on 24 July, the Council, on the proposal of
the President, took note of documents considered in connection with
coordination, programme and other questions.  See Council decision
1997/299.


                      C.  Reports, conclusions and recommendations
                          of subsidiary bodies                    

                   1.  Economic questions and environmental questions

43.   At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
reports, conclusions and recommendations of subsidiary bodies: 
economic questions and environmental questions (agenda items 7 (a) and
(b)) at its 32nd, 34th, 35th, 37th and 42nd meetings, on 17, 18, 21,
22 and 25 July 1997.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.32, 34, 35, 37 and 42).  It had
before it the following documents:

      (a)  Letter dated 19 March 1997 from the Permanent Representative
of Bangladesh to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
(A/52/113-E/1997/18);

      (b)  Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
outcome of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat
II) (A/52/181-E/1997/77);

      (c)  Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report
prepared by the UNCTAD secretariat, entitled "Trade and environment: 
concrete progress achieved and some outstanding issues" (A/S-19/4-
E/1997/13 and Add.1);

      (d)  Letter dated 21 March 1997 from the Permanent Representatives
of Japan and the United States of America to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General (A/S-19/7-E/1997/19);

      (e)  Letter dated 31 March 1997 from the Permanent Representative
of the Republic of Korea to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General (A/S-19/8-E/1997/20);

      (f)  Report of the Commission on Sustainable Development on
preparations for the special session of the General Assembly for the
purpose of an overall review and appraisal of the implementation of
Agenda 21 (A/S-19/14-E/1997/60);

      (g)  Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Committee
of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (E/1997/16);

      (h)  Report of the Statistical Commission on its twenty-ninth
session (E/1997/24);2/

      (i)  Report of the Commission on Population and Development on its
thirtieth session (E/1997/25);3/

      (j)  Report of the Commission on Sustainable Development on its
fifth session (E/1997/29);4/

      (k)  Report of the Commission on Science and Technology for
Development on its third session (E/1997/31);5/

      (l)  Report of the Committee for Development Planning on its
thirty-first session (E/1997/35);6/

      (m)  Report of the Secretary-General on the Fourteenth United
Nations Regional Cartographic Conference for Asia and the Pacific
(E/1997/52);

      (n)  Report of the Secretary-General on consumer protection
(E/1997/61);

      (o)  Report of the Secretary-General on the Sixth United Nations
Regional Cartographic Conference for the Americas (E/1997/82);

      (p)  Letter dated 6 June 1997 from the President of the Executive
Board of the United Nations Development Programme/United Nations
Population Fund to the President of the Economic and Social Council
(E/1997/83);

      (q)  Report of the Secretary-General on the Thirteenth Meeting of
Experts on the United Nations Programme in Public Administration and
Finance (E/1997/86);

      (r)  Letter dated 28 June 1997 from the President of the General
Assembly to the President of the Economic and Social Council
(E/1997/95);

      (s)  Note by the Secretariat containing a compendium of draft
proposals from subsidiary bodies of the Economic and Social Council
requiring action by the Council or brought to its attention
(E/1997/L.23 and Add.1 and 2);

      (t)  Extract from the report of the Governing Council of the
United Nations Environment Programme on its nineteenth session
(E/1997/L.25);7/

      (u)  Extract from the report of the Commission on Human
Settlements on its sixteenth session (E/1997/L.26).8/


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

44.   Under agenda items 7 (a) and (b), the Council adopted resolutions
1997/2, 1997/3, 1997/53, 1997/62, 1997/63 and 1997/65 and decisions
1997/213, 1997/219 to 1997/223, 1997/292 and 1997/305 to 1997/308.

Recommendation contained in the report of the Statistical Commission
on its twenty-ninth session (E/1997/24)

      Report of the Statistical Commission on its twenty-ninth session
      and provisional agenda and documentation for the thirtieth session
      of the Commission

45.   At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted the draft
decision entitled "Report of the Statistical Commission on its twenty-
ninth session and provisional agenda and documentation for the
thirtieth session of the Commission", recommended by the Statistical
Commission (E/1997/24, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council decision
1997/219.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Commission on
Population and Development on its thirtieth session (E/1997/25)

      International migration and development

46.   At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution entitled "International migration and development",
recommended by the Commission on Population and Development
(E/1997/25, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/2.

      Report of the Commission on Population and Development on its
      thirtieth session and provisional agenda and documentation for the
      thirty-first session of the Commission

47.   At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted the draft
decision entitled "Report of the Commission on Population and
Development on its thirtieth session and provisional agenda and
documentation for the thirty-first session of the Commission",
recommended by the Commission on Population and Development
(E/1997/25, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/220.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Commission on Science
and Technology for Development on its third session (E/1997/31)

      Science and technology for development

48.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council considered the draft
resolution entitled "Science and technology for development",
recommended by the Commission on Science and Technology for
Development (E/1997/31, chap. I, sect. A).

49.   At the same meeting, the Vice-President of the Council, Mr. Anwarul
Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh) informed the Council of amendments to the draft
resolution, which had been agreed upon during informal consultations.

50.   The Council then adopted the draft resolution, as orally amended. 
See Council resolution 1997/62.

      Election of members of the Bureau of the Commission on Science and
      Technology for Development other than the Chairman

51.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council considered draft
decision I, entitled "Election of the members of the Bureau other than
the Chairman", recommended by the Commission on Science and Technology
for Development (E/1997/31, chap. I, sect. B).

52.   At the same meeting, the Vice-President of the Council, Mr. Anwarul
Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), informed the Council of amendments to the draft
decision, which had been agreed upon during informal consultations.

53.   The Council then adopted the draft decision, as orally amended. 
See Council decision 1997/305.

      Report of the Commission on Science and Technology for Development
      on its third session and provisional agenda and documentation for
      the fourth session of the Commission

54.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council considered draft
decision II, entitled "Report of the Commission on Science and
Technology for Development on its third session and provisional agenda
and documentation for the fourth session of the Commission",
recommended by the Commission on Science and Technology for
Development (E/1997/31, chap. I, sect. B).

55.   At the same meeting, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), informed
the Council of amendments to the draft resolution, which had been
agreed upon during the informal consultations.

56.   The Council then adopted the draft decision, as orally amended. 
See Council decision 1997/306.

Recommendation contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the
work of the Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods
(E/1997/16)

      Work of the Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous
      Goods

57.   At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution entitled "Work of the Committee of Experts on the Transport
of Dangerous Goods", recommended by the Committee (E/1997/16, chap. I).  See
Council resolution 1997/3.

Other recommendations

      Seventh United Nations Conference on the Standardization of
      Geographical Names

58.   At the 4th meeting, on 1 May, the Council decided that the Seventh
United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names
would be held at United Nations Headquarters in January 1998.  See
Council decision 1997/213.

      Fourteenth and Fifteenth United Nations Regional Cartographic
      Conferences for Asia and the Pacific

59.   At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council endorsed the
recommendation of the Fourteenth United Nations Regional Cartographic
Conference for Asia and the Pacific concerning the convening of the
Fifteenth Conference and requested the Secretary-General to take
measures to implement the other recommendations of the Fourteenth
Conference (E/1997/52, paras. 17 (a) and (b)).  See Council decision
1997/221.

      Fourteenth Meeting of Experts on the United Nations Programme in
      Public Administration and Finance

60.   At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council endorsed the
recommendation of the Thirteenth Meeting of Experts on the United
Nations Programme in Public Administration and Finance concerning the
convening of the Fourteenth Meeting (E/1997/86, para. 75).  See
Council decision 1997/222.

      Report of the Committee for Development Planning on its thirty-
      first session

61.   At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council endorsed the
recommendations regarding the list of the least developed countries
contained in paragraphs 240 (a) and (b) of the report of the Committee
for Development Planning on its thirty-first session (E/1997/35).  See
Council decision 1997/223.

      Sixth and Seventh United Nations Cartographic Conferences for the
      Americas

62.   At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, the Council endorsed the
recommendation of the Sixth United Nations Cartographic Conference for
the Americas concerning the convening of the Seventh Conference and
requested the Secretary-General to promote an ongoing dialogue between
member States and other stakeholders to ensure the implementation of
the resolutions of the Sixth Conference (E/1997/82, paras. 21 (a) and
(b)).  See Council decision 1997/292.

      Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International
      Standards of Accounting and Reporting and the Intergovernmental
      Group on Restrictive Business Practices

63.   At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the representative of Brazil
introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.43) entitled "Renewal of the
mandate of the Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on
International Standards of Accounting and Reporting".  Subsequently,
the Council was informed that the draft resolution was being sponsored
by the United Republic of Tanzania,* on behalf of the States Members
of the United Nations that are members of the Group of 77 and China.

(*  In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the
Economic and Social Council.)


64.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), made a statement
and introduced a draft decision entitled "Intergovernmental Working
Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and
Reporting and the Intergovernmental Group on Restrictive Business
Practices".

65.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision.  See
Council decision 1997/307.

66.   In the light of the statement made by the Vice-President of the
council, Mr. Chowdhury (Bangladesh), the Council agreed to postpone
consideration of draft resolution E/1997/L.43.

      Consumer protection

67.   At the 35th meeting, on 21 July, the representative of Brazil
introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.39) entitled "Consumer
protection".

68.   At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh) orally revised the
draft resolution on the basis of informal consultations.

69.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised.  See Council resolution 1997/53.

70.   After the adoption of the draft resolution, the Council was
informed that Argentina, Finland, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, the
Philippines, the Republic of Korea, South Africa and Sweden would like
to have joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.

      Establishment of an ad hoc open-ended Intergovernmental Forum on
      Forests

71.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh) introduced a draft
resolution (E/1997/L.49) entitled "Establishment of an ad hoc open-
ended Intergovernmental Forum on Forests", submitted on the basis of
informal consultations.

72.   A statement of the programme budget implications of the draft
resolution, submitted by the Secretary-General in accordance with rule
31 of the roles of procedure of the Economic and Social Council, was
circulated in document E/1997/L.59.

73.   At the same meeting, the representative of the Islamic Republic of
Iran proposed amendments to the draft resolution.

74.   The Council was informed that the programme budget implications
contained in document E/1997/L.59 did not apply to the proposed draft
resolution, as amended.

75.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted draft resolution
E/1997/L.49, as amended.  See Council resolution 1997/65.

76.   After the adoption of the draft resolution, statements were made
by the representatives of Luxembourg (on behalf of the Member States
of the European Union), the Russian Federation, Brazil, the United
States of America and Canada.

      Programme of work of the Commission on Sustainable Development for
      the period 1998-2002 and future methods of work of the Commission

77.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the Council
Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh) introduced a draft resolution
(E/1997/L.50) entitled "Programme of work of the Commission on
Sustainable Development for the period 1998-2002 and future methods of
work of the Commission", submitted on the basis of informal
consultations.

78.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution. 
See Council resolution 1997/63.

79.   Before the adoption of the draft resolution, statements were made
by the representatives of Australia and the United States of America
and the observer for Norway.

      Documents considered by the Economic and Social Council in
      connection with reports, conclusions and recommendations of the
      subsidiary bodies:  economic questions and environmental questions

80.   At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council, on the proposal of
the President, took note of documents considered in cooperation with
reports, conclusions and recommendations of subsidiary bodies: 
economic questions and environmental questions.  See Council decision
1997/308.


                                  2.  Social questions

81.   At its substantive session, the Council considered social
questions (agenda item 7 (c)) at its 35th to 37th, 39th and 42nd
meetings, from 21 to 23 and on 25 July 1997.  An account of the
discussion is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.35-
37, 39 and 42).  The Council had before it the following documents:

      (a)  Compendium of draft proposals from subsidiary bodies of the
Economic and Social Council requiring action by the Council or brought
to its attention (E/1997/L.23 and Add.1 and 2);

Advancement of women

      (b)  Report of the Commission on the Status of Women on its forty-
first session (E/1997/27); 9/

      (c)  Report of the Board of Trustees of the International Research
and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women on its seventeenth
session (E/1997/53);

      (d)  Report of the Secretary-General on ways and means to enhance
the capacity of the Organization and the United Nations system to
support the ongoing follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women
(E/1997/64);

      (e)  Statement submitted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, a
non-governmental organization in general consultative status with the
Economic and Social Council (E/1997/NGO/3).

Social development

      (f)  Report of the Secretary-General and of the Director-General
of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization on progress in the implementation process of the
education for all objectives (A/52/183-E/1997/74);

      (g)  Report of the World Social Situation, 1997 (E/1997/15);

      (h)  Report of the Commission for Social Development on its
thirty-fifth session (E/1997/26); 10/

      (i)  Report of the Secretary-General on cooperation of the United
Nations with the Government of Portugal in holding the World
Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth, Lisbon, 8-12 August
1998 (E/1997/103);

      (j)  Letter dated 10 July 1997 from the Secretary of State for
Youth of Portugal addressed to the Secretary-General (E/1997/104);

Crime prevention and criminal justice

      (k)  Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice on its sixth session (E/1997/30); 11/

Narcotic drugs

      (l)  Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs on its fortieth
session (E/1997/28); 12/

      (m)  Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs acting as the
preparatory body for the special session of the General Assembly
devoted to the fight against the illicit production, sale, demand,
traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances
and related activities on its first session (E/1997/48);

      (n)  Summary of the report of the International Narcotics Control
Board for 1996 (E/1997/56);

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

      (o)  Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(E/1997/17 and Corr.1).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

82.   Under agenda item 7 (c), the Council adopted resolutions 1997/16
to 1997/41, 1997/55, 1997/56 and 1997/64 and decisions 1997/227 to
1997/239.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Commission on the
Status of Women on its forty-first session (E/1997/27)

      Palestinian women

83.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council voted on draft
resolution I, entitled "Palestinian women", recommended by the
Commission on the Status of Women (E/1997/27, chap. I, sect. A).  The
draft resolution was adopted by a roll-call vote of 44 to 1.  See
Council resolution 1997/16.  The voting was as follows: 13/

      In favour:     Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil,
                     Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Co^te d'Ivoire, Cuba,
                     Czech Republic, Djibouti, El Salvador, Finland,
                     France, Gabon, Germany, Iceland, India, Japan, Jordan,
                     Latvia, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico,
                     Mozambique, Netherlands, Philippines, Poland, Republic
                     of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, South Africa,
                     Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey,
                     Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
                     Ireland.

      Against:       United States of America.

      Abstaining:   None.

84.   Before the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement.

      Agreed conclusions of the Commission on the Status of Women on
      critical areas of concern identified in the Beijing Platform for
      Action

85.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution II, entitled "Agreed conclusions on the critical areas of
concern", recommended by the Commission on the Status of Women
(E/1997/27, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/17.

      Renewal of the mandate of the Open-ended Working Group on the
      Elaboration of a Draft Optional Protocol to the Convention on the
      Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

86.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision I, entitled "Renewal of the mandate of the Open-ended Working
Group on the Elaboration of a Draft Optional Protocol to the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against
Women", recommended by the Commission on the Status of Women
(E/1997/27, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/227.

      Work of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social
      Council engaged in the follow-up to United Nations conferences

87.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision II, entitled "Functional commissions", recommended by the
Commission on the Status of Women (E/1997/27, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/228.

      Report of the Commission on the Status of Women on its forty-first
      session and provisional agenda and documentation for the forty-
      second session of the Commission

88.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision III, entitled "Report of the Commission on the Status of
Women on its forty-first session and provisional agenda and
documentation for the forty-second session of the Commission",
recommended by the Commission on the Status of Women (E/1997/27,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/229.

      Recommendations contained in the report of the Commission for
      Social Development on its thirty-fifth session (E/1997/26)

      International Year of Older Persons:  towards a society for all
      ages

89.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council approved draft
resolution I, entitled "International Year of Older Persons:  towards
a society for all ages", recommended by the Commission for Social
Development (E/1997/26, chap. I, sect. A) for adoption by the General
Assembly.  See Council resolution 1997/18.

      Equalization of opportunities for persons with disabilities

90.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution II, entitled "Equalization of opportunities for persons
with disabilities" recommended by the Commission for Social
Development (E/1997/26, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution
1997/19.

      Children with disabilities

91.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution III, entitled "Children with disabilities" recommended by
the Commission for Social Development (E/1997/26, chap. I, sect. A). 
See Council resolution 1997/20.

      Implementation of the World Programme of Action for Youth to the
      Year 2000 and Beyond, including a World Conference of Ministers
      Responsible for Youth

92.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, on the proposal of the President,
the Council agreed to postpone consideration of draft resolution IV,
entitled "Implementation of the World Programme of Action for Youth to
the Year 2000 and Beyond, including a World Conference of Ministers
Responsible for Youth", recommended by the Commission for Social
Development (E/1997/26, chap. I, sect. A).

93.   At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, the observer for Portugal*
introduced amendments (E/1997/L.29) to the draft resolution.

(*  In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the
Economic and Social Council.)


94.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted draft resolution IV, as
amended.  See Council resolution 1997/55.

      Follow-up to the International Year of the Family

95.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council approved draft
resolution V, entitled "Follow-up to the International Year of the
Family", recommended by the Commission for Social Development
(E/1997/26, chap. I, sect. A) for adoption by the General Assembly. 
See Council resolution 1997/21.

      Report of the Commission for Social Development on its thirty-
      fifth session and provisional agenda and documentation for the
      thirty-sixth session of the Commission

96.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted the draft
decision entitled "Report of the Commission for Social Development on
its thirty-fifth session and provisional agenda and documentation for
the thirty-sixth session of the Commission", recommended by the
Commission for Social Development (E/1997/26, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council resolution 1997/230.

      Confirmation of members of the Board of the United Nations
      Research Institute for Social Development

97.   At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council decided to confirm
the candidates listed in Commission for Social Development decision
35/101 (E/1997/26, chap. I, sect. C) for membership in the Board of
the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development.  See
Council decision 1997/231.

First regional meeting convened by the Economic Commission for Latin
America and the Caribbean to evaluate the World Summit for Social
Development

98.   At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the representative of Brazil, on
behalf of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador,*
El Salvador, Haiti,* Jamaica, Mexico, Peru,* Portugal,* Spain, the
United States of America, Uruguay* and Venezuela*, introduced a draft
resolution (E/1997/L.41) entitled "First regional meeting convened by
the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean to
evaluate the World Summit for Social Development".

99.   At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1997/56.

100.       Before and after the draft resolution was adopted, the
representative of Luxembourg made a statement on behalf of the States
members of the European Union; after it was adopted, a statement was
made by the representative of Canada.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Commission on Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice on its sixth session (E/1997/30)

      Follow-up to the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action
      Plan against Organized Transnational Crime

101.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council approved draft
resolution I, entitled "Follow-up to the Naples Political Declaration
and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime",
recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
(E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. A) for adoption by the General Assembly. 
See Council resolution 1997/22.

      Preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the
      Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

102.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council approved draft
resolution II, entitled "Preparations for the Tenth United Nations
Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders",
recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
(E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. A) for adoption by the General Assembly. 
See Council resolution 1997/23.

      Crime prevention and criminal justice measures to eliminate
      violence against women

103.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council approved draft
resolution III, entitled "Crime prevention and criminal justice
measures to eliminate violence against women", recommended by the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30,
chap. I, sect. A) for adoption by the General Assembly.  See Council
resolution 1997/24.

      International cooperation against corruption and bribery in
      international commercial transactions

104.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council approved draft
resolution IV, entitled "International cooperation against corruption
and bribery in international commercial transactions", recommended by
the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30,
chap. I, sect. A) for adoption by the General Assembly.  See Council
resolution 1997/25.

      International cooperation in criminal matters

105.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council approved draft
resolution V, entitled "International cooperation in criminal
matters", recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice (E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. A) for adoption by the
General Assembly.  See Council resolution 1997/26.

      Strengthening the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal
      Justice Programme with regard to the development of crime
      statistics and the operations of criminal justice systems

106.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution I, entitled "Strengthening the United Nations Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme with regard to the
development of crime statistics and the operations of criminal justice
systems", recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice (E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council
resolution 1997/27.

      Firearm regulation for purposes of crime prevention and public
      health and safety

107.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution II, entitled "Firearm regulation for purposes of crime
prevention and public health and safety", recommended by the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council resolution 1997/28.

      Measures on the prevention and control of illicit trafficking in
      motor vehicles

108.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution III, entitled "Measures on the prevention and control of
illicit trafficking in motor vehicles", recommended by the Commission
on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council resolution 1997/29.

      Administration of juvenile justice

109.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution IV, entitled "Administration of juvenile justice",
recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
(E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council resolution 1997/30.

      Victims of crime and abuse of power

110.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution V, entitled "Victims of crime and abuse of power",
recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
(E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council resolution 1997/31.

      United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and
      criminal justice

111.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution VI, entitled "United Nations standards and norms in crime
prevention and criminal justice", recommended by the Commission on
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. B). 
See Council resolution 1997/32.

      Elements of responsible crime prevention:  standards and norms

112.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution VII, entitled "Elements of responsible crime prevention: 
standards and norms", recommended by the Commission on Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council resolution 1997/33.

      Implementation of the United Nations Declaration on Crime and
      Public Security

113.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution VIII, entitled "Implementation of the United Nations
Declaration on Crime and Public Security", recommended by the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council resolution 1997/34.

      Technical cooperation and international advisory services in crime
      prevention and criminal justice

114.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution IX, entitled "Technical cooperation and international
advisory services in crime prevention and criminal justice",
recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
(E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council resolution 1997/35.

      International cooperation for the improvement of prison conditions

115.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution X, entitled "International cooperation for the improvement
of prison conditions", recommended by the Commission on Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council resolution 1997/36.

      Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
      on its sixth session, organization of work and themes for future
      sessions, and provisional agenda and documentation for the seventh
      session of the Commission

116.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted the
draft decision entitled "Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention
and Criminal Justice on its sixth session, organization of work and
themes for future sessions, and provisional agenda and documentation
for the seventh session of the Commission", recommended by the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1997/30,
chap. I, sect. C).  See Council decision 1997/232.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs on its fortieth session (E/1997/28)

      Review of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme: 
      strengthening the United Nations machinery for international drug
      control within the scope of the existing international drug
      control treaties and in accordance with the basic principles of
      the Charter of the United Nations

117.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council considered draft
resolution I, entitled "Review of the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme:  strengthening the United Nations machinery
for international drug control within the scope of the existing
international drug control treaties and in accordance with the basic
principles of the Charter of the United Nations", recommended by the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28, chap. I, sect. A).  A
statement of the programme budget implications of the draft resolution
is contained in annex III to the report of the Commission (E/1997/28).

118.       At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1997/37.

      Demand for and supply of opiates for medical and scientific needs

119.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution II, entitled "Demand for and supply of opiates for medical
and scientific needs", recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs
(E/1997/28, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/38.

      Baku Accord on Regional Cooperation against Illicit Cultivation,
      Production, Trafficking, Distribution and Consumption of Narcotic
      Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and their Precursors

120.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution III, entitled "Baku Accord on Regional Cooperation against
Illicit Cultivation, Production, Trafficking, Distribution and
Consumption of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and their
Precursors", recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs
(E/1997/28, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/39.

      Working languages of the Subcommission on Illicit Drug Traffic and
      Related Matters in the Near and Middle East

121.       At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council considered draft
resolution IV, entitled "Working languages of the Subcommission on
Illicit Drug Traffic and Related Matters in the Near and Middle East",
recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28, chap. I,
sect. A).  An explanation of possible financial implications of the
draft resolution is contained in annex IV to the report of the
Commission (E/1997/28).

122.       At the same meeting, the President informed the Council that
the draft resolution had in fact no programme budget implications. 
The Council then adopted the draft resolution.  See Council resolution
1997/64.

      Contribution to the strengthening of the Global Programme of
      Action:  anti-drug strategy in the Americas

123.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution V, entitled "Contribution to the strengthening of the
Global Programme of Action:  anti-drug strategy in the Americas",
recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28, chap. I,
sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/40.

124.       Before the draft resolution was adopted, the representative
of Cuba made a statement.

      Implementation of comprehensive measures to counter the illicit
      manufacture, trafficking and abuse of amphetamine-type stimulants
      and their precursors

125.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution VI, entitled "Implementation of comprehensive measures to
counter the illicit manufacture, trafficking and abuse of amphetamine-
type stimulants and their precursors", recommended by the Commission
on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council
resolution 1997/41.

      Provisional agenda and documentation for the forty-first session
      of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs

126.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision I, entitled "Provisional agenda and documentation for the
forty-first session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs", recommended
by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28, chap. I, sect. B). 
See Council decision 1997/233.

      Organization of the work of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs at
      its forty-first session

127.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision II, entitled "Organization of work of the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs at its forty-first session", recommended by the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/234.

      Initial programme budget for the biennium 1998-1999 and second and
      final revision of the programme budget for the biennium 1996-1997
      for the Fund of the United Nations International Drug Control
      Programme

128.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision III, entitled "Initial programme budget for the biennium
1998-1999 and second and final revision of the programme budget for
the biennium 1996-1997 for the Fund of the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme", recommended by the Commission
on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision
1997/235.

      Report of the International Narcotics Control Board

129.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision IV, entitled "Report of the International Narcotics Control
Board", recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/236.

      Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs

130.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision V, entitled "Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs",
recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1997/28, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/237.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs acting as the preparatory body for the special session of the
General Assembly devoted to the fight against the illicit production,
sale, demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances and related activities on its first session
(E/1997/48)

      Dates for the special session of the General Assembly devoted to
      the fight against the illicit production, sale, demand, traffic
      and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and
      related activities

131.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision I, entitled "Dates for the special session of the General
Assembly devoted to the fight against the illicit production, sale,
demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic
substances and related activities", recommended by the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs acting as the preparatory body for the special session
of the General Assembly (E/1997/48, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council
decision 1997/238.

Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs acting as the preparatory
body for the special session of the General Assembly devoted to the
fight against the illicit production, sale, demand, traffic and
distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and related
activities on its first session and provisional agenda for the second
session

132.       At the 36th meeting, on 21 July, the Council adopted draft
decision II, entitled "Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs,
acting as the preparatory body for the special session of the General
Assembly devoted to the fight against the illicit production, sale,
demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic
substances and related activities, on its first session, and
provisional agenda for the second session", recommended by the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs acting as the preparatory body for the
special session of the General Assembly (E/1997/48, chap. I, sect. A). 
See Council decision 1997/239.


                               3.  Human rights questions

133.       At its substantive session, the Council considered human
rights questions (agenda item 7 (d)) at its 37th to 40th meetings, on
22 and 23 July 1997.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.37-40).  It had before it the
following documents:

      (a)  Statement by the Chairman of the delegation of Indonesia to
the 1997 substantive session of the Economic and Social Council
(A/52/256-E/1997/108);

      (b)  Letter dated 11 April 1997 from the Permanent Representative
of Turkey to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
(E/1997/21);

      (c)  Report of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights on its fourteenth and fifteenth sessions (E/1997/22); 14/

      (d)  Report of the Commission on Human Rights on its fifty-third
session (E/1997/23); 15/

      (e)  Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
Programme of Action for the Third Decade to Combat Racism and Racial
Discrimination (E/1997/87);

      (f)  Letter dated 11 July 1997 from the Permanent Representative
of Cyprus to the United Nations Office at Geneva addressed to the
President of the Economic and Social Council (E/1997/102);

      (g)  Letter dated 18 July 1997 from the Deputy Permanent
Representative of the United States of America addressed to the
President of the Council (E/1997/105);

      (h)  Joint statement on the question of the death penalty,
submitted by Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam,
China, Cuba, Egypt, Indonesia, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Jamaica,
Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Malawi,
Malaysia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Qatar, the
Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, the Sudan, Swaziland, the
Syrian Arab Republic, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen and Zimbabwe
(E/1997/106);

      (i)  Letter dated 23 July 1997 from the Permanent Observer of
Palestine to the United Nations Office at Geneva addressed to the
President of the Economic and Social Council (E/1997/107);

      (j)  Compendium of draft proposals from subsidiary bodies of the
Economic and Social Council requiring action by the Council or brought
to its attention (E/1997/L.23 and Add.1 and 2);

      (k)  Statement of the administrative and programme budget
implications of the draft decisions recommended for adoption by the
Economic and Social Council in document E/1997/L.23 and Add.2,
submitted by the Secretary-General in accordance with rule 31 of the
rules of procedure of the Council (E/1997/L.44).

      (l)  Statement submitted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, a
non-governmental organization in general consultative status with the
Economic and Social Council (E/1997/NGO/2).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

134.       Under agenda item 7 (d), the Council adopted resolutions
1997/49 to 1997/51 and decisions 1997/240 to 1997/291 and 1997/293.

Reports considered by the Economic and Social Council in connection
with human rights questions

135.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, on the proposal of the
President, the Council took note of the report of the Committee on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on its fourteenth and fifteenth
sessions (E/1997/22) and the report of the Secretary-General on
implementation of the Programme of Action for the Third Decade to
Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (E/1997/87).  See Council
decision 1997/240.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Commission on Human
Rights on its fifty-third session (E/1997/23)

      Question of a draft optional protocol to the Convention against
      Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
      Punishment

136.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution I, entitled "Question of a draft optional protocol to the
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment", recommended by the Commission on Human
Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/49.

      Working group of the Commission on Human Rights to elaborate a
      draft declaration in accordance with paragraph 5 of General
      Assembly resolution 49/214

137.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution II, entitled "Working group of the Commission on Human
Rights to elaborate a draft declaration in accordance with paragraph 5
of General Assembly resolution 49/214 of 23 December 1994",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/50.

      Question of a draft declaration on the right and responsibility of
      individuals, groups and organs of society to promote and protect
      universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms

138.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution III, entitled "Question of a draft declaration on the right
and responsibility of individuals, groups and organs of society to
promote and protect universally recognized human rights and
fundamental freedoms", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/51.

      Effects of the economic adjustment policies arising from foreign
      debt on the full enjoyment of human rights and, in particular, on
      the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to Development

139.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council voted on draft
decision 1, entitled "Effects on the full enjoyment of human rights of
the economic adjustment policies arising from foreign debt and, in
particular, on the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to
Development", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft decision was adopted by a
roll-call vote of 27 to 17, with 4 abstentions.  See Council decision
1997/241.  The voting was as follows: 16/

      In favour:     Bangladesh, Brazil, Cape Verde, Chile, China,
                     Colombia, Co^te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, El Salvador,
                     India, Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico,
                     Mozambique, Nicaragua, South Africa, Spain, 17/
                     Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey,
                     Uganda.

      Against:       Australia, Belarus, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland,
                     France, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Luxembourg,
                     Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation,
                     Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
                     Ireland, United States of America.

      Abstaining:    Argentina, Gabon, Philippines, Republic of Korea.

140.       Before the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Luxembourg made a statement on behalf of the States members of the
European Union.

      Human rights and extreme poverty

1       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 2, entitled "Human rights and extreme poverty", recommended
by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/242.

      Migrants and human rights

142.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 3, entitled "Migrants and human rights", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council
decision 1997/243.

      Question of the realization in all countries of the economic,
      social and cultural rights contained in the Universal Declaration
      of Human Rights and in the International Covenant on Economic,
      Social and Cultural Rights, and study of special problems which
      the developing countries face in their efforts to achieve these
      human rights

143.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 4, entitled "Question of the realization in all countries of
the economic, social and cultural rights contained in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenant on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and study of special problems
which the developing countries face in their efforts to achieve these
human rights", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/244.

      Implementation of the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms
      of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief

144.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 5, entitled "Implementation of the Declaration on the
Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on
Religion or Belief", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/245.

      Independence and impartiality of the judiciary, jurors and
      assessors and the independence of lawyers

145.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 6, entitled "Independence and impartiality of the judiciary,
jurors and assessors and the independence of lawyers", recommended by
the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/246.

      United Nations staff

146.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 7, entitled "United Nations staff", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council
decision 1997/247.

      Permanent forum for indigenous people in the United Nations system

147.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 8, entitled "A permanent forum for indigenous people in the
United Nations system", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B). See Council decision 1997/248.

      Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on
      Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and the
      International Decade of the World's Indigenous People

148.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 9, entitled "Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the
Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities and the International Decade of the World's Indigenous
People", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/249.

      Human rights and thematic procedures

149.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 10, entitled "Human rights and thematic procedures",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/250.

      Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

150.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 11, entitled "Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment", recommended by the Commission on Human
Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/251.

      Internally displaced persons

151.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 12, entitled "Internally displaced persons", recommended by
the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/252.

      National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights

152.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 13, entitled "National institutions for the promotion and
protection of human rights", recommended by the Commission on Human
Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/253.

      Development of public information activities in the field of human
      rights, including the World Public Information Campaign for Human
      Rights

153.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 14, entitled "Development of public information activities in
the field of human rights, including the World Public Information
Campaign for Human Rights", recommended by the Commission on Human
Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B). See Council decision 1997/254.

      Elimination of violence against women

154.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 15, entitled "The elimination of violence against women",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/255.

      Regional arrangements for the promotion and protection of human
      rights in the Asia and Pacific region

155.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 16, entitled "Regional arrangements for the promotion and
protection of human rights in the Asia and Pacific region",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/256.

      Advisory services, technical cooperation and the United Nations
      Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human
      Rights

156.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 17, entitled "Advisory services, technical cooperation and
the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the
Field of Human Rights", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/257.

      Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights

157.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 18, entitled "Assistance to Somalia in the field of human
rights", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B). See Council decision 1997/258.

      Situation of human rights in Cambodia

158.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 19, entitled "Situation of human rights in Cambodia",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/259.

      Question of arbitrary detention

159.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 20, entitled "Question of arbitrary detention", recommended
by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/260.

      Assistance to Guatemala in the field of human rights

160.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 21, entitled "Assistance to Guatemala in the field of human
rights", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/261.

      Situation of human rights in Haiti

161.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 22, entitled "Situation of human rights in Haiti",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B). See Council decision 1997/262.

      Situation of human rights in Nigeria

162.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 23, entitled "Situation of human rights in Nigeria",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/263.

      Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

163.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council voted on draft
decision 24, entitled "Situation of human rights in the Islamic
Republic of Iran", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft decision was adopted by a
roll-call vote of 24 to 6, with 18 abstentions.  See Council decision
1997/264.  The voting was as follows:

      In favour:     Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech
                     Republic, El Salvador, Finland, France, Germany,
                     Iceland, Jamaica, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico,
                     Netherlands, Nicaragua, Poland, Romania, Russian
                     Federation, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great
                     Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of
                     America.

      Against:       Bangladesh, China, Cuba, India, Malaysia, Sudan.

      Abstaining:    Belarus, Cape Verde, Colombia, Djibouti, Gabon, Jordan,
                     Latvia, Lebanon, Mozambique, Philippines, Republic of
                     Korea, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia,
                     Turkey, Uganda.

      Human rights situation in southern Lebanon and West Bekaa

164.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council voted on draft
decision 25, entitled "Human rights situation in southern Lebanon and
West Bekaa", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B).  The draft decision was adopted by a roll-call vote
of 46 to 1, with 1 abstention.  See Council decision 1997/265.  The
voting was as follows:

      In favour:     Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil,
                     Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba,
                     Czech Republic, Djibouti, El Salvador, Finland,
                     France, Germany, Iceland, India, Jamaica, Japan,
                     Jordan, Latvia, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico,
                     Mozambique, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Philippines,
                     Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian
                     Federation, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan,
                     Sweden, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda,
                     United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

      Against:       United States of America.

      Abstaining:    Gabon.

      Situation of human rights in the Republic of Bosnia and
      Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of
      Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)

165.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 26, entitled "Situation of human rights in Bosnia and
Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)", recommended by the Commission on
Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision
1997/266.

      Situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the
      Congo*

(* The name of the Member State known formerly as Zaire was changed on
17 May 1997 to "Democratic Republic of the Congo".)


166.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 27, entitled "Situation of human rights in Zaire",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/267.

167.       After the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Luxembourg made a statement on behalf of the States members of the
European Union.

      Situation of human rights in the Sudan

168.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, at the request of the
representative of the Sudan, the Council voted on draft decision 28,
entitled "Situation of human rights in the Sudan", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft
decision was adopted by a roll-call vote of 31 to 3, with
14 abstentions. See Council decision 1997/268.  The voting was as
follows:

      In favour:     Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Cape
                     Verde, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, El Salvador,
                     Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Jamaica, Japan,
                     Latvia, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua,
                     Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, South Africa,
                     Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great
                     Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of
                     America.

      Against:       China, Cuba, Sudan.

      Abstaining:    Bangladesh, Djibouti, Gabon, India, Jordan, Lebanon,
                     Malaysia, Mozambique, Philippines, Republic of Korea, 
                     Sri Lanka, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia.

      Situation of human rights in Iraq

169.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 29, entitled "Situation of human rights in Iraq", recommended
by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap.I, sect. B). See
Council decision 1997/269.

      Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

170.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 30, entitled "Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary
executions", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/270.

      Situation of human rights in Cuba

171.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council voted on draft
decision 31, entitled "Human rights in Cuba", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft
decision was adopted by a roll-call vote of 20 to 8, with 21
abstentions.  See Council decision 1997/271.  The voting was as
follows:

      In favour:     Australia, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland,
                     France, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Luxembourg,
                     Netherlands, Nicaragua, Poland, Republic of Korea,
                     Romania, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom of
                     Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of
                     America.

      Against:       Belarus, China, Cuba, India, South Africa, Sudan,
                     Uganda, Zambia.

      Abstaining:    Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cape Verde, Colombia,
                     Djibouti, El Salvador, Gabon, Jamaica, Jordan, Latvia,
                     Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique, Philippines,
                     Russian Federation, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia.

172.       Before the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Cuba made a statement; after it was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement.

      Situation of human rights in Myanmar

173.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 32, entitled "Situation of human rights in Myanmar",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/272.

      Situation of human rights in Afghanistan

       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 33, entitled "Situation of human rights in Afghanistan",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/273.

      Situation of human rights in Rwanda

175.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 34, entitled "Situation of human rights in Rwanda",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/274.

      Situation of human rights in Equatorial Guinea and assistance in
      the field of human rights

176.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 35, entitled "Situation of human rights in Equatorial Guinea
and assistance in the field of human rights", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council
decision 1997/275.     

      The right to development

177.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 36, entitled "Right to development", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council
decision 1997/276.

      Measures to combat contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination,
      xenophobia and related intolerance

178.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 37, entitled "Measures to combat contemporary forms of
racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/277.

      Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

179.       At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered draft
decision 38, entitled "Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and
related intolerance", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).

180.       At the same meeting, the Council had before it proposed
amendments to the draft decision (E/1997/L.47), submitted by the
United States of America.  The proposed amendments, as orally
corrected by the Secretary of the Council, read as follows:

      "1.  In the second unlettered paragraph, replace the words
      'endorses the Commission's decision' by the word 'decides' and
      insert the words 'or special session of the General Assembly'
      after the words 'world conference'.

      "2.  In the third unlettered paragraph, replace the words 'also
      endorses the Commission's recommendations' by the words 'further
      recommends'.

      "3.  Following the third unlettered paragraph, in subparagraphs
      (a)-(d) and (f), insert the words 'or special session of the
      General Assembly' after the words 'world conference' wherever they
      occur.

      "4.  Following the third unlettered paragraph, in subparagraph (e)
      insert the words 'or the special session' after the words 'the
      conference'.

      "5.  In the last paragraph, insert the words 'or special session
      of the General Assembly' after the words 'world conference'."

181.       At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, statements were made on the
proposed amendments by the representatives of the United States of
America and Uganda, who also requested a vote on the proposed
amendments, and by the observer for the United Republic of Tanzania on
behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of
the Group of 77 and China.

182.       At the same meeting, following statements by the
representatives of Luxembourg (on behalf of the States members of the
European Union), Canada and Australia, the Council rejected the
proposed amendments contained in document E/1997/L.47 by a roll-call
vote of 27 to 1, with 21 abstentions.  The voting was as follows:

      In favour:     United States of America.

      Against:       Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cape Verde, Chile,
                     China, Colombia, Cuba, Djibouti, Gabon, India,
                     Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico,
                     Mozambique, Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka,
                     Sudan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda,
                     Zambia.

      Abstaining:    Australia, Belarus, Canada, Czech Republic, El Salvador,
                     Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Latvia,
                     Luxembourg, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Poland, 
                     Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation,
                     Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and
                     Northern Ireland.

183.       Also at the 39th meeting, the Council adopted draft decision
38, as recommended by the Commission on Human Rights.  See Council
decision 1997/293.

184.       After the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
the United States of America made a statement.

      Human rights and mass exoduses

185.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 39, entitled "Human rights and mass exoduses", recommended by
the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/278.

      Strengthening the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
      for Human Rights

186.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 40, entitled "Strengthening of the Office of the High
Commissioner/Centre for Human Rights", recommended by the Commission
on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision
1997/279.

      Situation of human rights in Burundi

187.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 41, entitled "Situation of human rights in Burundi",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/280.

      Rights of the child

188.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 42, entitled "Rights of the child", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council
decision 1997/281.

      Human rights and the environment

189.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 43, entitled "Human rights and the environment", recommended
by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/282.

      Effects of structural adjustment policies on the full enjoyment
      of human rights

190.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, Council voted on draft
decision 44, entitled "Effects of structural adjustment policies on
the full enjoyment of human rights", recommended by the Commission on
Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft decision was
adopted by a roll-call vote of 29 to 19,  with 1 abstention.  See
Council decision 1997/283.  The voting was as follows:

      In favour:     Bangladesh, Brazil, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia,
                     Cuba, Djibouti, El Salvador, Gabon, India, Jamaica,
                     Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique, Nicaragua,
                     Philippines, Republic of Korea, South Africa, Sri Lanka,
                     Sudan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Zambia.

      Against:       Australia, Belarus, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland,
                     France, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Latvia, Luxembourg,
                     Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation,
                     Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and
                     Northern Ireland, United States of America.

      Abstaining:    Argentina.

      Traditional practices affecting the health of women and children

191.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 45, entitled "Traditional practices affecting the health of
women and children", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/284.

      The right to a fair trial

192.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 46, entitled "The right to a fair trial", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council
decision 1997/285.

      Question of human rights and states of emergency

193.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 47, entitled "Question of human rights and states of
emergency", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/286.

      Protection of the heritage of indigenous people

194.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 48, entitled "Protection of the heritage of indigenous
people", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/287.

      Study on treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements
      between States and indigenous populations

195.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 49, entitled "Study on treaties, agreements and other
constructive arrangements between States and indigenous populations",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/288.

      Study on indigenous land rights

196.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 50, entitled "Study on indigenous land rights", recommended
by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23, chap. I, sect. B).  See
Council decision 1997/289.

      Organization of the work of the Commission on Human Rights at its
      fifty-fourth session

197.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 51, entitled "Organization of the work of the fifty-fourth
session", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/290.

      Dates of the fifty-fourth session of the Commission on Human Rights

198.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 52, entitled "Organization of the work of the fifty-fourth
session", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1997/23,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1997/291.

                                         *  *  *

199.       At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement regarding the draft
decisions adopted on the recommendation of the Commission on Human
Rights.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights on its sixteenth session

200.       At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered four
draft decisions recommended for adoption by the Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights at its sixteenth session.  The texts of the
draft decisions were contained in the compendium of draft proposals
from subsidiary bodies of the Economic and Social Council (see
E/1997/L.23 and Add.2).  A statement of the programme budget
implications of the draft decisions, submitted by the Secretary-
General in accordance with rule 31 of the rules of procedure of the
Council, was circulated in document E/1997/L.44.

201.       At the same meeting, following statements by the
representatives of Luxembourg (on behalf of the States members of the
European Union) and Canada, as well as by the representative of the
Financial Resources Management Service of the United Nations Office at
Geneva, the Council agreed to defer consideration of the four draft
decisions to a resumed session.


                 D.  Special economic, humanitarian and disaster
                     relief assistance

202.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
special economic, humanitarian and disaster relief assistance (agenda item 8)
at its 31st meeting, on 17 July 1997.  An account of the discussion is
contained in the relevant summary record (E/1997/SR.31).  The Council had
before it the following documents:

      (a)  Report of the Secretary-General on assistance for the
reconstruction and development of Lebanon (E/1997/96);

      (b)  Report of the Secretary-General containing a review of the capacity
of the United Nations system for humanitarian assistance (E/1997/98).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

203.  Under agenda item 8, the Council adopted decision 1997/218.

Reports considered by the Council in connection with the question of special
economic, humanitarian and disaster relief assistance

204.  At its thirty-first meeting, on 17 July, the Council took note of
reports considered in connection with the question of special economic,
humanitarian and disaster relief assistance.  See Council decision 1997/218.


            E.  Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
                Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the
                specialized agencies and the international
                institutions associated with the United Nations

205.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of the
implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the international
institutions associated with the United Nations (agenda item 9) at its 40th
and 42nd meetings, on 23 and 25 July 1997.  An account of the discussion is
contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.40 and 42).  The Council
had before it the following documents:

      (a)  Report of the Secretary-General on assistance to the Palestinian
people (A/52/159-E/1997/69);

      (b)  Letter dated 9 June 1997 from the Chairman of the Committee on the
Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People to the Secretary-
General (A/52/179-E/1997/76);

      (c)  Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
by the specialized agencies and the international institutions associated with
the United Nations (A/52/185);

      (d)  Report of the President of the Council on consultations held with
the Chairman of the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the
Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples (E/1997/81 and Add.1).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

206.  Under agenda item 9, the Council adopted resolution 1997/66 and decision
1997/294.

Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the international
institutions associated with the United Nations

207.  At the 40th meeting, on 23 July, the representative of Cuba, on behalf
of Cuba, the Islamic Republic of Iran,* Lebanon, Namibia,* South Africa, the
Sudan, Swaziland,* the Syrian Arab Republic,* Tunisia and the United Republic
of Tanzania,* introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.48) entitled
"Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the international
institutions associated with the United Nations".  Subsequently China joined
in sponsoring the draft resolution.

(* In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the Economic and
Social Council.)


208.  At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution by a roll-call vote of 28 to none, with 18 abstentions.  See
Council resolution 1997/66.  The voting was as follows: 18/

      In favour:     Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia,
                     Co^te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, El Salvador, India,
                     Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique,
                     Nicaragua, Philippines, Republic of Korea, South Africa,
                     Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey,
                     Uganda.

      Against:       None.

      Abstaining:    Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, France,
                     Germany, Iceland, Japan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
                     Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden,
                     United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,
                     United States of America.

209.  After the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by the
representatives of the United States of America and the Russian Federation.

Report of the Secretary-General on assistance to the Palestinian people

210.  At the 40th meeting, on 23 July, on the proposal of the President, the
Council took note of the report of the Secretary-General on assistance to the
Palestinian people (A/51/159-E/1997/69).  See Council decision 1997/294.


                                F.  Regional cooperation

211.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
regional cooperation (agenda item 10) at its 27th, 28th, 33rd, 34th, 37th and
39th meetings, on 15, 18, 22 and 23 July  1997.  An account of the discussion
is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.27, 28, 33, 34 and
39).  The Council had before it the following documents:

      (a)  Note by the Secretary-General on reform of the United Nations and
its impact on the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
(E/1997/5);

      (b)  Report of the Secretary-General on regional cooperation in the
economic, social and related fields (E/1997/40 and Add.1);

      (c)  Summary of the survey of economic and social conditions in Africa,
1996 (E/1997/41);

      (d)  Summary of the economic survey of Europe, 1996 (E/1997/42);

      (e)  Summary of the economic survey of Latin America and the Caribbean,
1996 (E/1997/43);

      (f)  Summary of the survey of economic and social conditions in Asia and
the Pacific, 1997 (E/1997/44);

      (g)  Summary of the survey of economic and social developments in the
ESCWA region, 1996-1997 (E/1997/45);

      (h)  Note by the Secretary-General on the project for a Europe-Africa
permanent link through the Strait of Gibraltar (E/1997/51).

212.  At its 27th meeting, on 15 July, the Council held a panel discussion
with the Executive Secretaries of the regional commissions on the question of
review and reform of the regional commissions.  An account of the discussion
is contained in the relevant summary record (E/1997/SR.27).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

213.  Under agenda item 10, the Council adopted resolutions 1997/4 to 1997/15,
1997/48 and 1997/54 and decisions 1997/224 to 1997/226 and 1997/314.

Europe-Africa permanent link through the Strait of Gibraltar

214.  At the 33rd meeting, on 18 July, the observer for Morocco,* also on
behalf of France and Spain, introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.33)
entitled "Europe-Africa permanent link through the Strait of Gibraltar".

(* In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the Economic and
Social Council.)


215.  At the 37th meeting, on 22 July, the Vice-President of the Council,
Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), informed the Council of the outcome
of the informal consultations held on the draft resolution.

216.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution.  See
Council resolution 1997/48.

Recommendations made by the regional commissions

217.  The recommendations made by the regional commissions are contained in
the addendum to the report of the Secretary-General on regional cooperation
(E/1997/40/Add.1).

Declaration on the Strengthening of Economic Cooperation in Europe and Plan of
Action

218.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft decision I,
entitled "Declaration on the Strengthening of Economic Cooperation in Europe
and Plan of Action", recommended by the Economic Commission for Europe
(E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council decision 1997/224.

Economic Commission for Europe Recommendation 25, entitled "Use of the
UN/EDIFACT Standard"

219.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft decision II,
entitled "Economic Commission for Europe Recommendation 25:  Use of the
UN/EDIFACT Standard", recommended by the Commission (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap I,
sect. A).  See Council decision 1997/225.

United Nations Framework Classification for Reserves/Resources:  Solid Fuels
and Mineral Commodities

220.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft decision III,
entitled "United Nations Framework Classification for Reserves/Resources: 
Solid Fuels and Mineral Commodities", recommended by the Economic Commission
for Europe (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council decision
1997/226.

Restructuring the conference structure of the Economic and Social Commission
for Asia and the Pacific

221.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution entitled "Restructuring the conference structure of the Economic
and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific", recommended by the Commission
(E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council resolution 1997/4.

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in the context of
reform of the United Nations

222.  At the 39th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution entitled "Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
in the context of reform of the United Nations", recommended by the Commission
(E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. C).  See Council resolution 1997/54.

Reform of the intergovernmental machinery of the Economic Commission for
Africa

223.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution I,
entitled "Reform of the intergovernmental machinery of the Economic Commission
for Africa", recommended by the Commission (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect.
D).  See Council resolution 1997/5.

Programme of work and priorities of the Economic Commission for Africa for the
biennium 1998-1999

224.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
II, entitled "Programme of work and priorities of the Economic Commission for
Africa for the biennium 1998-1999", recommended by the Commission
(E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. D).  See Council resolution 1997/6.

Programme of work and priorities of the Economic and Social Commission for
Western Asia for the biennium 1996-1997

225.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution I,
entitled "Programme of work and priorities of the Economic and Social
Commission for Western Asia for the biennium 1996-1997", recommended by the
Commission (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. E).  See Council resolution
1997/7.

Medium-term plan of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia for
the period 1998-2001

226.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
II, entitled "Medium-term plan of the Economic and Social Commission for
Western Asia for the period 1998-2001", recommended by the Commission
(E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. E).  See Council resolution 1997/8.

Programme of work and priorities of the Economic and Social Commission for
Western Asia for the biennium 1998-1999

227.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
III, entitled "Programme of work and priorities of the Economic and Social
Commission for Western Asia for the biennium 1998-1999", recommended by the
Commission (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. E).  See Council resolution
1997/9.

Change in the frequency of the sessions of the Committee on Water Resources of
the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

228.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
IV, entitled "Change in the frequency of the sessions of the Committee on
Water Resources of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia",
recommended by the Commission (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. E).  See
Council resolution 1997/10.

Establishment of the Committee on Transport of the Economic and Social
Commission for Western Asia

229.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution V,
entitled "Establishment of the Committee on Transport of the Economic and
Social Commission for Western Asia", recommended by the Commission
(E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. E).  See Council resolution 1997/11.

Establishment of the Technical Committee on Liberalization of Foreign Trade
and Economic Globalization in the Countries of the ESCWA Region

230.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
VI, entitled "Establishment of the Technical Committee on Liberalization of
Foreign Trade and Economic Globalization in the Countries of the ESCWA
Region", recommended by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
(E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. E).  See Council resolution 1997/12.

Progress made in facilitating the relocation of the Economic and Social
Commission for Western Asia to its permanent headquarters at Beirut

231.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
VII, entitled "Progress made in facilitating the relocation of the Economic
and Social Commission for Western Asia to its permanent headquarters at
Beirut", recommended by the Commission (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. E). 
See Council resolution 1997/13.

Organizational and programme changes and modifications introduced by the
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia since 1994

232.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
VIII, entitled "Organizational and programme changes and modifications
introduced by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia since 1994",
recommended by the Commission (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I, sect. E).  See
Council resolution 1997/14.

Celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Economic and Social
Commission for Western Asia in 1999 and role of the Commission in the coming
century

233.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
IX, entitled "Celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Economic and
Social Commission for Western Asia in 1999 and role of the Commission in the
coming century", recommended by the Commission (E/1997/40/Add.1, chap. I,
sect. E).  See Council resolution 1997/15.

Documents considered by the Economic and Social Council in connection with the
question of regional cooperation

234.  At the 34th meeting, on 18 July, on the proposal of the President, the
Council took note of documents before it in connection with the question of
regional cooperation.  See Council decision 1997/314.


            G.  Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the
                occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories

235.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied Palestinian and
other Arab territories (agenda item 11) at its 41st and 42nd meetings, on 24
and 25 July 1997.  An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant
summary records (E/1997/SR.41 and 42).  The Council had before it a note by
the Secretary-General transmitting the report prepared by the Economic and
Social Commission for Western Asia on the economic and social repercussions of
the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian
territory, including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and on the Arab
population of the Syrian Golan (A/52/172-E/1997/71 and Corr.1).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

236.  Under agenda item 11, the Council adopted resolution 1997/67 and
decision 1997/309.

Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli occupation on the living
conditions of the Palestinian people in the occupied Palestinian territory,
including Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan

237.  At the 41st meeting, on 24 July, the representative of Jordan, on behalf
of Bangladesh, Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt,* Jordan, Malaysia, Sudan and Tunisia,
introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.52) entitled "Economic and social
repercussions of the Israeli occupation on the living conditions of the
Palestinian people in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem,
and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan", which read as
follows:

(* In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the Economic and
Social Council.)


           "The Economic and Social Council,

           "Recalling General Assembly resolution 51/190 of 16 December 1996,

           "Recalling also its resolution 1996/40 of 26 July 1996,

           "Guided by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
      affirming the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force,
      and recalling relevant Security Council resolutions, including
      resolutions 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967, 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980
      and 497 (1981) of 17 December 1981,

           "Reaffirming the applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to
      the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to
      the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and other Arab
      territories occupied by Israel since 1967,

           "Convinced that foreign occupation impedes efforts to achieve
      sustainable development and a sound economic environment,

           "Gravely concerned about the deterioration of economic and living
      conditions of the Palestinian people in the occupied Palestinian
      territory, including Jerusalem, and of the Arab population of the
      occupied Syrian Golan,

           "Aware of the important work being done by the United Nations and
      the specialized agencies in support of the economic and social
      development of the Palestinian people,

           "Conscious of the urgent need for the development of the economic
      and social infrastructure of the occupied Palestinian territory,
      including Jerusalem, and for the improvement of the living conditions of
      the Palestinian people as a prerequisite for promoting peace and
      stability,

           "1.   Stresses the need to preserve the territorial integrity of
all
      of the occupied Palestinian territory and to guarantee the freedom of
      movement of persons and goods in the territory, including the removal of
      restrictions into and from East Jerusalem, and the freedom of movement
      to and from the outside world;

           "2.   Stresses further the vital importance of the operation and
      construction of the Gaza airport, the seaport in Gaza and safe passage
      to the economic and social development of the Palestinian people;

           "3.   Demands that Israel, the occupying Power, cease its measures
of
      collective punishment against the Palestinian people, in particular, the
      closure of the occupied Palestinian territory, the enforcement of sieges
      against Palestinian towns, the destruction of homes and the isolation of
      Jerusalem;

           "4.   Reaffirms the inalienable right of the Palestinian people and
      the Arab population of the occupied Syrian Golan to all their natural
      and economic resources, and calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, not
      to exploit, endanger, or cause loss or depletion of these resources;

           "5.   Reaffirms also that Israeli settlements in the occupied
      Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian
      Golan are illegal and an obstacle to economic and social development;

           "6.   Stresses the importance of the work of the organizations and
      agencies of the United Nations, and of the United Nations Special
      Coordinator in the Occupied Territories under the auspices of the
      Secretary-General;

           "7.   Urges Member States to encourage private foreign investment
in
      the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, in
      infrastructure, job-creation projects and social development, in order
      to alleviate the hardship of the Palestinian people and improve their
      living conditions;

           "8.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on the
      implementation of the present resolution and to continue to include, in
      the report of the United Nations Special Coordinator in the Occupied
      Territories, an update on the living conditions of the Palestinian
      people, in collaboration with relevant organizations and agencies of the
      United Nations;

           "9.   Decides to include in the agenda of its substantive session
of
      1998, an item entitled 'Repercussions of the Israeli occupation on the
      economic and social rights and the living conditions of the Palestinian
      people in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and
      the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan'."

238.  At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the representative of Jordan, on behalf
of the sponsors, read out revisions to the draft resolution.

239.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution, as orally
revised, by a roll-call vote of 43 to 1, with 2 abstentions.  See Council
resolution 1997/67.  The voting was as follows:

      In favour:     Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, Chile,      
China,
                     Colombia, Congo, Cuba, Czech Republic, Djibouti, El
                     Salvador, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, India,
                     Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Latvia, Lebanon, Luxembourg,
                     Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique, Netherlands, Nicaragua,
                     Philippines, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian
Federation,
                     South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand,
                     Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great
                     Britain and Northern Ireland.

      Against:       United States of America.

      Abstaining:    Australia, Romania.

240.  Before the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by the
representative of the United States of America and the Observer for Israel;
after it was adopted, statements were made by the representatives of Canada
and the Russian Federation and the observer for Palestine.

Note by the Secretary-General on the economic and social repercussions of the
Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory,
including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population of the
Syrian Golan

241.  At its 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Council took note of the note by
the Secretary-General on the economic and social repercussions of the Israeli
settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population of the Syrian Golan
(A/52/172-E/1997/71 and Corr.1).  See Council decision 1997/309.


                H.  Implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/227

242.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of the
implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/227 (agenda item 12) at its
42nd meeting, on 25 July 1997.  It had before it the following documents:

      (a)  Report of the Secretary-General on the restructuring and
revitalization of the United Nations in the economic, social and related
fields (A/52/155-E/1997/68 and Add.1);

      (b)  Report of the Secretary-General on subsidiary bodies of the
Economic
and Social Council and the General Assembly in the economic, social and
related fields (E/1996/97 and Add.1);

      (c)  Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report prepared by
the International Monetary Fund on collaboration between the United Nations
and the International Monetary Fund (E/1997/78).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

243.  Under agenda item 12, the Council adopted decisions 1997/310 and
1997/311.

Review of subsidiary bodies of the Economic and Social Council

244.  At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the Council,
Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), introduced a draft decision
(E/1997/L.58) entitled "Review of subsidiary bodies of the Economic and Social
Council", submitted on the basis of informal consultations.

245.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision.  See
Council decision 1997/310.

Implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/227

246.  At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the Council,
Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), orally proposed a draft decision
entitled "Implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/227", which had
been agreed upon during informal consultations.

247.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision.  See
Council decision 1997/311.


                           I.  Non-governmental organizations

248.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
non-governmental organizations (agenda item 13) at its 40th to 43rd meetings,
from 23 to 25 July 1997.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.40-43).  It had before it the report of
the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations (E/1997/90 and Corr.1).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

249.  Under agenda item 13, the Council adopted resolutions 1997/57 and
1997/58 and decisions 1997/295 to 1997/298, 1997/312 and 1997/315.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations (E/1997/90 and Corr.1)

      Enlargement of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations

250.  At the 40th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted draft resolution I,
entitled "Enlargement of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations",
recommended by the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations (E/1997/90,
chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1997/57.

      Strengthening of the Non-Governmental Organizations Section of the
      United Nations Secretariat

251.  At the 40th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered draft
resolution II, entitled "Strengthening of the Non-Governmental Organizations
Section of the United Nations Secretariat", recommended by the Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations (E/1997/90, chap. I, sect. A).  The Council was
informed that the draft resolution had no programme budget implications.

252.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution.  See
Council resolution 1997/58.

      Applications for consultative status received from non-governmental
      organizations

253.  At the 40th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted draft decision I,
entitled "Applications for consultative status", recommended by the Committee
on Non-Governmental Organizations (E/1997/90 and Corr.1, chap. I, sect. B). 
See Council decision 1997/295.

254.  After the draft decision was adopted, statements were made by the
representatives of the United States of America and Cuba.

      Resumed 1997 session of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations

255.  At the 40th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered draft decision
II, entitled "Resumed 1997 session of the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations", recommended by the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations
(E/1997/90, chap. I, sect. B).

256.  At the same meeting, the Secretary of the Council read out a statement
regarding the programme budget implications of the draft decision.

257.  The Council then adopted the draft decision.  See Council decision
1997/296.

      Meetings of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations

258.  At the 40th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered draft decision
III, entitled "Meetings of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations",
recommended by the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations (E/1997/90,
chap. I, sect. B).  The Council was informed that the draft resolution
contained no programme budget implications.

259.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision.  See
Council decision 1997/297.

Other recommendations

      Participation of non-governmental organizations accredited to the Fourth
      World Conference on Women in the work of the Commission on the Status of
      Women at its forty-second session, non-governmental organizations
      accredited to the World Summit for Social Development in the work of the
      Commission for Social Development at its thirty-sixth session, and
      non-governmental organizations accredited to the International
      Conference on Population and Development in the work of the Commission
      on Population and Development at its thirty-first session

260.  At the 38th meeting, on 22 July, the representative of Germany
introduced a draft decision (E/1997/L.45) entitled "Participation of
non-governmental organizations accredited to the Fourth World Conference on
Women in the work of the Commission on the Status of Women at its forty-second
session, non-governmental organizations accredited to the World Summit for
Social Development in the work of the Commission for Social Development at its
thirty-sixth session, and non-governmental organizations accredited to the
International Conference on Population and Development in the work of the
Commission on Population and Development at its thirty-first session".

261.  At the 40th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted the draft decision.
See Council decision 1997/298.

      Participation of non-governmental organizations in the work of the
      General Assembly

262.  At the 41st meeting, on 24 July, the representative of the United States
of America introduced a draft resolution (E/1997/L.51) entitled "Participation
of non-governmental organizations in the General Assembly", which read as
follows:

           "The Economic and Social Council

           "Recommends to the General Assembly the adoption of the following
      draft resolution:


                    'Participation of non-governmental organizations
                                 in the General Assembly

                 'The General Assembly,

                 'Recalling Article 71 of the Charter of the United Nations,
           Economic and Social Council resolutions 1296 (XLIV) of 25 May 1968
           and 1996/31 of 25 July 1996 and decision 1996/297 of 25 July 1996
           and General Assembly resolutions 49/252 and 51/181, and taking into
           account the recommendations of the Open-ended High-level Working
           Group on the Strengthening of the United Nations System,

                 'Noting the ad hoc attendance of non-governmental
           organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social
           Council in meetings of the General Assembly and its Main
           Committees,

                 '1.  Decides to invite non-governmental organizations in
           consultative status with the Economic and Social Council to attend
           open Plenary meetings of the Assembly and open meetings of its Main
           Committees and special sessions, and to make available within the
           United Nations documents and statements prepared by them in
           connection with these meetings;

                 '2.  Requests the Secretary-General to prepare, for
           consideration by the General Assembly at its fifty-second session,
           an interim report on existing arrangements and practices relating
           to participation by non-governmental organizations in organs and
           bodies of the United Nations and other parts of the United Nations
           system;  the interim report shall describe existing practices,
           procedures, modalities and regulations pertaining to arrangements
           for participation by non-governmental organizations;

                 '3.  Also requests the Secretary-General, in a final report
           to the General Assembly at its fifty-third session, to propose
           procedures, defining any further participation by non-governmental
           organizations in the work of the General Assembly, its Main
           Committees and special sessions, where appropriate, for their
           consideration; such proposals and procedures shall recognize the
           essential intergovernmental character of these bodies, shall not
           entail new or additional costs to the Organization, and shall be
           consistent with the limits of the procedures already established
           under Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/31 and relevant
           decisions of the General Assembly and without prejudice to any
           participation already permitted to non-governmental organizations
           by these bodies under existing arrangements and practices.'"

263.  At the same meeting, statements were made by the representatives of
Malaysia and the United States of America and the observer for the United
Republic of Tanzania (on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations
that are members of the Group of 77 and China).  The President of the Council
also made a statement.

264.  At the 42nd meeting, on 25 July, the President of the Council read out
the text of a proposal submitted by the United Republic of Tanzania* (on
behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
Group of 77 and China) and the United States of America.

(* In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the Economic and
Social Council.)


265.  At the same meeting, statements were made by the representatives of
Cuba, Jamaica, the Philippines, the Untied States of America, India, Uganda,
Canada and Bangladesh and the observer for the United Republic of Tanzania (on
behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
Group of 77 and China).

266.  At the 43rd meeting, on 25 July, the Council decided to postpone
consideration of draft resolution E/1997/L.51 pending the outcome of the
deliberations on the issue at the fifty-second session of the General
Assembly.  See Council decision 1997/312.

      Report of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations

267.  At the 43rd meeting, on 25 July, on the proposal of the President, the
Council took note of the report of the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations (E/1997/90 and Corr.1).  See Council decision 1997/315.


                    J.  New and innovative ideas for generating funds

268.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of new
and innovative ideas for generating funds (agenda item 14) at its 40th and
43rd meetings, on 23 and 25 July 1997.  An account of the discussion is
contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.40 and 43).  The Council
had before it the report of the Secretary-General on new and innovative ideas
for generating funds for globally agreed commitments and priorities
(A/52/203-E/1997/85).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

269.  Under agenda item 14, the Council adopted decision 1997/313.

Report of the Secretary-General on new and innovative ideas for generating
funds for globally agreed commitments and priorities

270.  At its 43rd meeting, on 25 July, the Council took note of the report of
the Secretary-General on new and innovative ideas for generating funds for
globally agreed commitments and priorities (A/52/203-E/1997/85).  See Council
decision 1997/313.


                                          Notes

1/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-second Session, Supplement
No. 16 (A/52/16).

2/  Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1997, Supplement
No. 4 (E/1997/24).

3/  Ibid., Supplement No. 5 (E/1997/25).

4/  Ibid., Supplement No. 9 (E/1997/29).

5/  Ibid., Supplement No. 11 (E/1997/31).

6/  Ibid., Supplement No. 15 (E/1997/35).

7/  For the final report, see Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-
second Session, Supplement No. 25 (A/52/25).

8/  For the final report, see Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-
second Session, Supplement No. 8 (A/52/8).

9/  Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1997, Supplement
No. 7 (E/1997/27).

10/ Ibid., Supplement No. 6 (E/1997/26).

11/ To be issued as Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1997,
Supplement No. 10 (E/1997/30).

12/ Ibid., Supplement No. 8 (E/1997/28).

13/ The delegation of Jamaica subsequently indicated that, had it been present
during the voting, it would have voted in favour of the draft resolution.

14/ Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1997, Supplement
No. 2 (E/1997/22).

15/ Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1997, Supplement
No. 3 (E/1997/23).

16/ The delegation of Latvia subsequently indicated that, had it been present
during the voting, it would have voted against the draft decision.

17/ The delegation of Spain subsequently stated that his delegation had
intended to vote against the draft decision, and not in favour.

18/ The delegation of Zambia subsequently indicated that, had it been present
during the voting, it would have voted in favour of the draft resolution.


                                       Chapter VI

                 ELECTIONS, APPOINTMENTS, NOMINATIONS AND CONFIRMATIONS


1.    The Council considered the question of elections, appointments,
nominations and confirmations at its organizational and resumed organizational
sessions (agenda item 8).  The question was considered at the 2nd to 4th
meetings, on 7 February and 1 May 1997.  An account of the proceedings is
contained in the relevant summary records (E/1997/SR.2-4).  The Council had
before it the following documents:

      (a)  Annotated provisional agenda for the organizational session for
1997 (E/1997/2 and Add.1);

      (b)  Note by the Secretary-General on the confirmation of
representatives on the functional commissions of the Council (E/1997/L.1 and
Add.1 and 2 and E/1997/L.17);

      (c)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of three members of
the Committee on Natural Resources (E/1997/L.2 and Add.1 and 2);

      (d)  Note by the Secretary-General on the Committee on Economic, Social
and Cultural Rights (E/1997/L.3);

      (e)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of two members of the
Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development
(E/1997/L.6 and Add.1);

      (f)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of members of the
functional commissions of the Council (E/1997/L.8);

      (g)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 14 members of the
Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme/United Nations
Population Fund (E/1997/L.9);

      (h)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 14 members of the
Executive Board of the United Nations Children's Fund (E/1997/L.10);

      (i)  Note by the Secretary-General on the nomination of 7 members of the
Committee for Programme and Coordination (E/1997/L.11);

      (j)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 13 members of the
Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International Standards of
Accounting and Reporting (E/1997/L.12);

      (k)  Note by the Secretariat on the election of nine members of the
Programme Coordination Board of the Joint and Co-sponsored Programme on Human
Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) 
(E/1997/L.13);

      (l)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of six members of the
Executive Board of the World Food Programme (E/1997/L.14);

      (m)  Note by the Secretary-General on the appointment of five members of
the Board of Trustees of the International Research and Training Institute for
the Advancement of Women (E/1997/L.16).


                               ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

2.    Under agenda item 8, the Council adopted decisions 1997/212 A and B.


                                       Chapter VII

                                 ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS


1.    The Council held its organizational session for 1997 at United Nations
Headquarters on 23 January and 7 February 1997 (1st and 2nd meetings), a
resumed organizational session at United Nations Headquarters on 1 and 2 May
1997 (3rd to 5th meetings) and its substantive session at the United Nations
Office at Geneva from 30 June to 25 July 1997 (6th to 43rd meetings).  An
account of the proceedings is contained in the summary records
(E/1997/SR.1-43).


                             A.  Action taken by the Council

2.    At its organizational session for 1997, the Council adopted 11 decisions
on organizational matters.  See Council decisions 1997/201 to 1997/211.

3.    At its substantive session of 1997, the Council adopted two decisions on
organizational matters.  See Council decisions 1997/214 and 1997/215.


                                     B.  Proceedings

                                 ORGANIZATIONAL SESSION

4.    The 1st meeting, on 23 January, was opened by the President of the
Economic and Social Council for 1996, Mr. Jean-Marie Kacou Gervais (Co^te
d'Ivoire).  Upon election, the President of the Council for 1997, Mr. Karel
Kovanda (Czech Republic), made a statement.


                                1.  Bureau of the Council

5.    Pursuant to paragraph 2 (k) of its resolution 1988/77, the Council met
on 23 January for the purpose of electing its Bureau.

6.    At the 1st meeting, the Council elected, by acclamation, Mr. Daniel
Abibi (Congo), Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury (Bangladesh), Mr. Juan Somavi'a
(Chile) and Mr. Gerhard Walter Henze (Germany) Vice-Presidents of the Council
for 1997.

7.    At the 5th meeting, on 2 May, the Council elected, by acclamation,
Mr. Vladimir Galuska (Czech Republic) President of the Council to replace
Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), who had resigned.


                    2.  Agenda of the organizational session for 1997

8.    The Council considered the agenda of its organizational session at the
1st meeting, on 23 January.  It had before it the annotated provisional agenda
(E/1997/2 and Add.1).

9.    At the same meeting, the Council adopted the agenda of the
organizational session (see annex I to the present report).


                      3.  Basic programme of work for 1997 and 1998

10.   The Council considered its basic programme of work for 1997 and 1998 at
the 2nd meeting, on 7 February.  It had before it a note by the Secretary-
General containing the basic programme of work for 1997 and 1998 (E/1997/1)
and the draft proposals thereon submitted by the President and members of the
Bureau (E/1997/L.4/Rev.1).

11.   At the same meeting, the President made a statement on the informal
consultations held on the basic programme of work for 1997 and 1998.  The
Council then adopted the draft decisions contained in document
E/1997/L.4/Rev.1.  See Council decisions 1997/201 to 1997/207.


            4.  Distribution of the work of the fortieth session of the
                Commission on Narcotic Drugs

12.   At the 2nd meeting, on 7 February, the Council had before it a letter
dated 16 December 1996 from the Chairman of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs
to the President of the Council (E/1997/10), which contained a draft decision
for consideration by the Council.

13.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision.  See
Council decision 1997/208.


                           5.  Non-governmental organizations

14.   At the 2nd meeting, the Council, on the recommendation of the President,
adopted an oral decision on the question of accreditation of non-governmental
organizations.  See Council decision 1997/209.


                  6.  Provision of documentation to the Committee
                      on Non-Governmental Organizations

15.   At the 2nd meeting, the Council had before it a note by the Secretariat
on the provision of documentation to the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations (E/1997/9) and a draft decision (E/1997/L.7) submitted by the
President and members of the Bureau.

16.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision as amended
by the representative of the Russian Federation.  See Council decision
1997/210.


           7.  Restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations
               in the economic, social and related fields and their
               impact on the Economic Commission for Latin America
               and the Caribbean

17.   At the 2nd meeting, the Council had before it a note by the Secretary-
General on reform of the United Nations and its impact on the Economic
Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (E/1997/5) and a draft decision
(E/1997/L.5) submitted by the President and members of the Bureau.

18.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision.  See
Council decision 1997/211.

                                   SUBSTANTIVE SESSION

                      8.  Agenda of the substantive session of 1997

19.   At the 6th meeting, on 30 June, the Council considered the agenda and
organization of work of its substantive session of 1997.  It had before it the
following documents:

      (a)  Annotated provisional agenda (E/1997/100);

      (b)  Proposed programme of work for the substantive session of 1997
(E/1997/L.15);

      (c)  Note by the Secretariat on the status of documentation for the
session (E/1997/L.21).

20.   At the same meeting, the Council adopted the agenda of the substantive
session of 1997 (see annex I) and approved the organization of work of the
session.  See Council decision 1997/214, paragraph 1.


           9.  Participation of intergovernmental organizations in the
               work of the Economic and Social Council

21.   At the 16th meeting, on 7 July, the Council decided, in accordance with
rule 79 of its rules of procedure, that the International Centre for Genetic
Engineering and Biotechnology, an intergovernmental organization, might
participate on a continuing basis, without the right to vote, in the
deliberations of the Council on questions within the scope of its activities. 
See Council decision 1997/215.


          10.  Requests by non-governmental organizations for hearings

22.   At the 16th meeting, on 7 July, and at the 22nd meeting, on 10 July, on
the recommendation of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations
(E/1997/80 and Add.1 and 2), the Council approved requests made by
non-governmental organizations to be heard by the Council at its substantive
session of 1997.  See Council decision 1997/214, paragraph 2.


                                         Annex I

                     AGENDAS OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL SESSION FOR 1997
                           AND THE SUBSTANTIVE SESSION OF 1997


                      Agenda of the organizational session for 1997

              Adopted by the Council at its 1st meeting, on 23 January 1997

1.    Election of the Bureau.

2.    Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

3.    Basic programme of work of the Council.

4.    Implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/227:  Further measures
      for the restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in the
      economic, social and related fields. 

5.    Review of the subsidiary bodies of the Council.

6.    Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations.

7.    Regional cooperation in the economic, social and related fields.

8.    Elections, nominations and confirmations.


                        Agenda of the substantive session of 1997

               Adopted by the Council at its 6th meeting, on 30 June 1997

1.    Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

High-level segment

2.    Fostering an enabling environment for development:  financial flows,
      including capital flows; investment; trade.

Operational activities of the United Nations for international development
cooperation segment

3.    Operational activities of the United Nations for international
      development cooperation:

      (a)  Coordination of activities on a system-wide basis:  funding for
           operational activities for development:  implementation of General
           Assembly resolution 50/227;

      (b)  Follow-up to policy recommendations of the General Assembly;

      (c)  Reports of the Executive Boards of the United Nations Development
           Programme/United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations
           Children's Fund and the World Food Programme;

      (d)  Economic and technical cooperation among developing countries.

Coordination segment

 4.   Coordination of the policies and activities of the specialized agencies
      and other bodies of the United Nations system related to the following
      themes:

      (a)  Mainstreaming the gender perspective into all policies and
           programmes in the United Nations system;

      (b)  Freshwater, including clean and safe water supply and sanitation.

General segment

 5.   Integrated and coordinated implementation and follow-up of the major
      international United Nations conferences and summits.

 6.   Coordination, programme and other questions:

      (a)  Reports of coordination bodies;

      (b)  Multisectoral collaboration on tobacco or health;

      (c)  International cooperation in the field of informatics;

      (d)  Coordination of the activities of the organizations of the United
           Nations system in the field of energy;

      (e)  Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
           Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome;

      (f)  Proposed programme budget for the biennium 1998-1999;

      (g)  Calendar of conferences in the economic, social and related fields;

      (h)  United Nations University;

      (i)  Proclamation of international years.

 7.   Reports, conclusions and recommendations of subsidiary bodies:

      (a)  Economic questions;

      (b)  Environmental questions;

      (c)  Social questions;

      (d)  Human rights questions.

 8.   Special economic, humanitarian and disaster relief assistance.

 9.   Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to
      Colonial Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the
      international institutions associated with the United Nations.

10.   Regional cooperation.

11.   Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied
      Palestinian and other Arab territories.

12.   Implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/227.

13.   Non-governmental organizations:

      (a)  Report of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations;

      (b)  Increase in the membership of the Committee on Non-Governmental
           Organizations.

14.   New and innovative ideas for generating funds.


                                        Annex II

                      COMPOSITION OF THE COUNCIL AND ITS SUBSIDIARY
                                   AND RELATED BODIES


                             A.  Economic and Social Council

                              (54 members; three-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997            Membership in 1998 a/          Term expires on
                                                               31 December
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Argentina             Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Australia             Bangladesh. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Bangladesh            Canada  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Belarus               Cape Verde. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Brazil                Central African Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Canada                Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Cape Verde            China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Central African Rep.  Cuba  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Chile                 Czech Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
China                 Djibouti. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Colombia              El Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Congo                 Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Co^te d'Ivoire        France. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Cuba                  Gabon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Czech Republic        Gambia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Djibouti              Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
El Salvador           Guyana. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Finland               Iceland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
France                Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Gabon                 Jordan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Gambia                Latvia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Germany               Lebanon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Guyana                Mexico. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Iceland               Mozambique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
India                 Nicaragua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Jamaica               Republic of Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Japan                 Romania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Jordan                Russian Federation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Latvia                Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Lebanon               Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Luxembourg            Sweden. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Malaysia              Togo  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Mexico                Tunisia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Mozambique            Turkey  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Netherlands           United Kingdom of Great Britain 
Nicaragua               and Northern Ireland. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Philippines           Zambia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Poland
Republic of Korea
Romania
Russian Federation
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Sweden
Thailand
Togo
Tunisia
Turkey
Uganda
United Kingdom of Great 
  Britain and Northern
  Ireland
United States of America
Zambia


---------------
a/  The remaining 18 seats are to be filled by the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session.


                      B.  Functional commissions and subcommissions

                                 STATISTICAL COMMISSION

                              (24 members; four-year term)


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997           Membership in 1998                Term expires on
                                  and 1999                       31 December
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Argentina             Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Botswana              Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Bulgaria              Botswana  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
China                 Bulgaria  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Colombia              China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Czech Republic        Colombia  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
France                Co^te d'Ivoire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Germany               Czech Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
India                 Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Jamaica               Iceland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Japan                 India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Kenya                 Jamaica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Mexico                Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Netherlands           Mexico  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Pakistan              Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Portugal              Pakistan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Romania               Portugal  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Russian Federation    Romania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Spain                 Russian Federation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Sudan                 Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Togo                  Togo  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
United Kingdom of     Tunisia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
  Great Britain       United Kingdom of Great Britain
  and Northern          and Northern Ireland  . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
  Ireland             United States of America  . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
United States of 
  America
Zambia


                        COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

                              (47 members; four-year term)


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997        Membership in 1998 b/                Term expires on
                                                                  31 December
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Algeria               Algeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Bangladesh            Bangladesh. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Belgium               Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Brazil                Brazil  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Bulgaria              Bulgaria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Cameroon              Cameroon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Canada                Canada  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
China                 China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Congo                 Congo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Co^te d'Ivoire        Co^te d'Ivoire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Egypt                 Egypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
El Salvador           El Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Ethiopia              Ethiopia  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
France                France. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Germany               Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Hungary               Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
India                 India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Indonesia             Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Iran (Islamic         Iran (Islamic Republic of). . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
  Republic of)        Jamaica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Italy                 Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Jamaica               Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Japan                 Malawi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Kenya                 Malaysia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Lesotho               Malta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Malaysia              Mexico. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Malta                 Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Mexico                Niger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Netherlands           Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Nigeria               Panama  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Panama                Peru  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Peru                  Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Philippines           Republic of Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Republic of Korea     Russian Federation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Russian Federation    South Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
Sudan                 Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Syrian Arab Republic  Sweden. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
                      Syrian Arab Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
The former Yugoslav   Thailand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
  Rep. of Macedonia   The former Yugoslav Republic. . . . . . . . . . .
Tunisia                 of Macedonia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Turkey                Turkey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Ukraine               Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
United Kingdom of     United Kingdom of Great Britain
  Great Britain and     and Northern Ireland  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
  Northern Ireland    United States of America  . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001
United States of 
  America
Venzuela
Zambia


________________________
      b/  The Council postponed to a future session the election of one member
from Latin American and Caribbean States for a four-year term beginning on
1 January 1998 and two members for a term beginning on the date of election
and expiring on 31 December 2000 (decision 1997/212 B).



                            COMMISSION FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

                              (46 members; four-year term)


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997            Membership in 1998             Term expires on
                                                               31 December
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Argentina             Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Austria               Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Belarus               Belarus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Benin                 Benin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Cameroon              Cameroon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Canada                Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Chile                 Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
China                 China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Dominican Republic    Cuba. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Egypt                 Dominican Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Ethiopia              Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Finland               Egypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
France                Ethiopia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Gabon                 Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Gambia                France. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Germany               Gabon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
India                 Gambia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Iran (Islamic         Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
  Repulic of          Guatemala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Jamaica               India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Japan                 Iran (Islamic Republic of). . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Malawi                Jamaica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Malta                 Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Mauritania            Malawi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Mongolia              Malaysia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Netherlands           Malta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Norway                Mauritania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Pakistan              Mongolia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Peru                  Nepal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Poland                Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Republic of Korea     Norway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Russian Federation    Pakistan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
South Africa          Peru  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Spain                 Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Sudan                 Poland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Togo                  Republic of Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Uganda                Romania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Ukraine               Russian Federation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
United States of      South Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
  America             Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Venezuela             Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
                      Togo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
                      Uganda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
                      Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
                      United States of America. . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
                      Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999


                               COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

                              (53 members; three-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997          Membership in 1998             Term expires on
                                                             31 December
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Algeria               Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Angola                Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Argentina             Bangladesh. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Austria               Belarus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Bangladesh            Bhutan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Belarus               Botswana  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Benin                 Brazil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Bhutan                Cape Verde. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Brazil                Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Bulgaria              Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Cape Verde            China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Canada                Congo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Chile                 Cuba  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
China                 Czech Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Colombia              Democratic Republic of the Congo c/ . . . . . . . 1999
Cuba                  Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Czech Republic        Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Democratic Republic   El Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
  of the Congo c/     France  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Denmark               Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Dominican Republic    Guatemala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Ecuador               Guinea  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Egypt                 India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
El Salvador           Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Ethiopia              Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
France                Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Gabon                 Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Germany               Luxembourg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Guinea                Madagascar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
India                 Malaysia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Indonesia             Mali  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Ireland               Mexico. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Italy                 Morocco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Japan                 Mozambique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Madagascar            Nepal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Malaysia              Pakistan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Mali                  Peru  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Mexico                Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Mozambique            Poland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Nepal                 Republic of Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Netherlands           Russian Federation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Nicaragua             Rwanda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Pakistan              Senegal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Philippines           South Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
Republic of Korea     Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Russian Federation    Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
South Africa          Tunisia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
Sri Lanka             Uganda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Uganda                Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
Ukraine               United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
United Kingdom of       Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
  Great Britain and   United States of America. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1998
  Northern Ireland    Uruguay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999
United States of      Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000
  America
Uruguay
Zimbabwe

________________________

      c/ Formerly Zaire.


                      SUBCOMMISSION ON PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION
                              AND PROTECTION OF MINORITIES

                                      (26 members)

                Members elected on 7 March 1994, for a four-year term, by
                 the Commission on Human Rights at its fiftieth session

Jose' Augusto Lindgren Alves (Brazil)

      Alternate:  Mari'lia Sardenberg Zelner Gonc'alves (Brazil)

Judith Sefi Attah (Nigeria)

      Alternate:  Christy Ezim Mbonu (Nigeria)

Jose' Bengoa (Chile)

      Alternate:  Mario Ibarra (Chile)

Stanislav Chernichenko (Russian Federation)

      Alternate:  Teimuraz Ramishvili (Russian Federation)

Erica-Irene Daes (Greece)

      Alternate:  Kalliopi Koufa (Greece)

Osman El-Hajje (Lebanon)

Fan Guoxiang (China)

      Alternate:  Zhong Shukong (China)

El-Hadji Guisse' (Senegal)

      Alternate:  Ndary Toure' (Senegal)

Lucy Gwanmesia (Cameroon)

      Alternate:  Pierre Sob (Cameroon)

Louis Joinet (France)

      Alternate:  Emmanuel Decaux (France)

Mohammed Sardar Ali Khan (India)

Miguel Limo'n Rojas (Mexico)

      Alternate:  He'ctor Fix Zamudio (Mexico)

Claire Palley (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

      Alternate:  John Merrills (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
                  Ireland


            Members elected on 22 April 1996, for a four-year term, by
            the Commission on Human Rights at its fifty-second session

Marc Bossuyt (Belgium)

      Alternate:  Guy Genot (Belgium)

Volodymyr Boutkevitch (Ukraine)

      Alternate:  Olexandre Kouptchichine (Ukraine)

Asbjorn Eide (Norway)

      Alternate:  Jan Helgesen (Norway)

Ribot Hatano (Japan)

      Alternate:  Yozo Yokota (Japan)

Ahmed M. Khalifa (Egypt)

      Alternate:  Ahmed Khalil (Egypt)

Miguel J. Alfonso Marti'nez (Cuba)

      Alternate:  Marianela Ferriol Echevarri'a (Cuba)

Ioan Maxim (Romania)

      Alternate:  Petru Pavel Gavrilescu (Romania)

Mustapha Mehedi (Algeria)

Sang Yong Park (Republic of Korea)

Clemencia Forero Ucros (Colombia)

      Alternate:  Jorge Orlando Melo (Colombia)

Halima Embarek Warzazi (Morocco)

      Alternate:  Mohamad Benkaddour (Morocco)

David Weissbrodt (United States of America)

      Alternate:  Robert J. Portman (United States of America)

Fisseha Yimer (Ethiopia)


                            COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

                              (45 members; four-year term)


----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997       Membership in 1998                Term expires on
                                                             31 December
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Angola              Angola. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Bahamas             Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Belgium             Bolivia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Brazil              Brazil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Bulgaria            Bulgaria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Chile               Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
China               China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Congo               Congo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Costa Rica          Co^te d'Ivoire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Cyprus              Cuba. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Dominican Republic  Dominican Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Ecuador             Ethiopia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Ethiopia            France. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
France              Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Germany             Ghana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Ghana               Greece. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Greece              India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Guinea              Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
India               Iran (Islamic Republic of). . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Indonesia           Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Iran (Islamic       Lebanon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
  Republic of)      Lesotho . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Japan               Malaysia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Kenya               Mali. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Lebanon             Mexico. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Libyan Arab         Morocco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
  Jamahiriya        Norway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Malaysia            Paraguay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Mali                Peru. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Mexico              Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Morocco             Poland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Namibia             Portugal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Norway              Republic of Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Paraguay            Russian Federation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Peru                Rwanda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Philippines         Saint Lucia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Poland              Slovakia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Portugal            Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Republic of Korea   Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Russian Federation  Swaziland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Slovakia            Thailand  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Swaziland           Togo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Thailand            Uganda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Togo                United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Tunisia               Northern Ireland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
United Kingdom of   United States of America. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
  Great Britain 
  and Northern 
  Ireland
United States of
  America


                           COMMISSION ON NARCOTIC DRUGS

                               (53 members; four-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997        Membership in 1998 and 1999      Term expires on
                                                             31 December
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Algeria              Algeria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Australia            Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Bahamas              Bolivia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Belgium              Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Bolivia              Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Brazil               Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Bulgaria             Chile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Canada               China. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
China                Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Colombia             Co^te d'Ivoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Co^te d'Ivoire       Cuba . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Cuba                 Czech Republic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Czech Republic       Ecuador. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Ecuador              Egypt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Egypt                France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Finland              Germany. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
France               Ghana. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Germany              Greece . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Ghana                India. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Greece               Indonesia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Guinea               Iran (Islamic Republic of) . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
India                Italy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Indonesia            Jamaica. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Iran (Islamic        Japan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
  Republic of        Lao People's Democratic Republic . . . . . . . . .2001
Italy                Lebanon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Jamaica              Malaysia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Japan                Mauritius. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Lebanon              Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Liberia              Morocco. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Malaysia             Netherlands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Mexico               Nigeria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Morocco              Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Netherlands          Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Nigeria              Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Pakistan             Republic of Korea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Paraguay             Romania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Poland               Russian Federation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Portugal             Sierra Leone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Republic of Korea    South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Romania              Spain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Russian Federation   Sudan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
South Africa         Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Spain                Switzerland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Sri Lanka            Syrian Arab Republic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Sudan                Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Sweden               Tunisia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Syrian Arab          Turkey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
  Republic           Ukraine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Thailand             United Kingdom of Great Britain
Tunisia                and Northern Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Ukraine              United States of America . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
United Kingdom of    Uruguay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
  Great Britain and  Venezuela. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
  Northern Ireland
United States of
  America
Venezuela


                     SUBCOMMISION ON ILLICIT DRUG TRAFFIC AND RELATED
                          MATTERS IN THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST d/


                                          Members

      Afghanistan                                     Oman
      Azerbaijan                                      Pakistan
      Bahrain                                         Qatar
      Egypt                                           Saudi Arabia
      India                                           Syrian Arab Republic
      Iran (Islamic Republic of)                      Tajikistan
      Iraq                                            TurTurkey
      Jordan                                          Turkmenistan
      Kazakhstan                                      United Arab Emirates
      Kuwait                                          Uzbekistan
      Kyrgyzstan                                      Yeman
      Lebanon

________________________
      d/ Sweden has resigned from the Subcommission.  See the report of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs on its fortieth session (Official Records of the
Economic and Social Council, 1997, Supplement No. 8 (E/1997/28)), chap. I,
sect. C.


                    COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

                               (40 members; three-year term)


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997          Membership in 1998 and 1999      Term expires on
                                                               31 December
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Austria              Austria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Angola               Argentina. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Argentina            Benin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Belarus              Bolivia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Bolivia              Botswana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Burundi              Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Canada               China. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
China                Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Colombia             Costa Rica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Costa Rica           Co^te d'Ivoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Egypt                Ecuador. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Fiji                 Egypt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
France               Fiji . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Gambia               France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Indonesia            Gambia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Iran (Islamic        Germany. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
  Republic of)       India. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Italy                Iran (Islamic Republic of) . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Jamaica              Italy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Japan                Jamaica. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Lesotho              Japan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Madagascar           Lesotho. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Malawi               Malawi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Mexico               Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Netherlands          Netherlands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Nicaragua            Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Nigeria              Philippines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Pakistan             Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Paraguay             Republic of Korea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Philippines          Romania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Poland               Russian Federation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Republic of Korea    Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Russian Federation   Sudan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Sudan                Swaziland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Swaziland            Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Sweden               Togo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Thailand             Tunisia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Tunisia              Ukraine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Ukraine              United States of America . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
United States of     Zambia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
  America            
Zambia


                   COMMISSION ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

                                       (53 members)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997         Membership in 1998 e/          Term expires on
                                                            31 December
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Antigua and Barbuda  Angola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Austria              Austria f/
Azerbaijan           Benin  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Belarus              Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Belgium              China f/
Bolivia              Co^te d'Ivoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Brazil               Democratic Republic of the Congo g/
Bulgaria             Ethiopia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Burundi              Germany f/
Canada               Ghana. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Cape Verde           Guinea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Chile                Jamaica f/
China                Malawi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Colombia             Malta f/
Congo                Namibia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Costa Rica           Netherlands f/
Denmark              Pakistan f/
Egypt                Qatar f/
Ethiopia             Russian Federation f/
Germany              Tunisia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Guatemala            Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2001
India                Ukraine f/
Ireland              United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Jamaica                Northern Ireland f/
Japan                United Republic of Tanzania. . . . . . . . . . . .2001
Jordan
Kuwait
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Malawi
Malaysia
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mexico
Morocco
Netherlands
Niger
Nigeria
Pakistan
Philippines
Romania
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
Spain
Togo
Uganda
Ukraine
United Kingdom of
  Great Britain and
  Northern Ireland
United Republic of
  Tanzania
United States of
  America
Uruguay
Viet Nam

________________________
e/ The Council postponed to a future session the election of eight
members from Asian States, four members from Eastern European States, nine
members from Latin American and Caribbean States and eight members from
Western European and other States for a term beginning on 1 January 1998
(decision 1997/212 B).

f/ In accordance with Council decision 1995/312, the term of office will
be determined by lot once the membership of the regional group concerned is
complete.

g/ Formerly Zaire.


                           COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

                               (53 members; three-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997         Membership in 1998             Term expires on
                                                             31 December
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Antigua and Barbuda       Algeria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Australia                 Antigua and Barbuda. . . . . . . . . .1998
Bahamas                   Belgium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Bangladesh                Benin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Belgium                   Bolivia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Benin                     Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Bolivia                   Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Brazil                    Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Bulgaria                  Central African Republic . . . . . . .1998
Burundi                   China. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Canada                    Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Central African           Co^te d'Ivoire . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
  Republic                Czech Republic . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
China                     Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2000
Colombia                  Djibouti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Djibouti                  Egypt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Egypt                     France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Ethiopia                  Gabon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Finland                   Germany. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
France                    Guyana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Gabon                     Hungary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Germany                   India. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Ghana                     Indonesia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Guyana                    Iran (Islamic Republic of) . . . . . .2000
Hungary                   Ireland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
India                     Japan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Indonesia                 Mauritania . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Iran (Islamic             Mauritius. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
  Republic of)            Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Ireland                   Mozambique . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Japan                     Netherlands. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Mexico                    New Zealand. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Mozambique                Nicaragua. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Netherlands               Niger. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Niger                     Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Pakistan                  Panama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Panama                    Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Papua New Guinea          Philippines. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Peru                      Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Philippines               Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Poland                    Russian Federation . . . . . . . . . .1998
Russian Federation        Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Saudi Arabia              Slovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Senegal                   Spain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Slovakia                  Sri Lanka. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2000
Spain                     Sudan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
Sudan                     Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Sweden                    Switzerland. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Switzerland               Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
Thailand                  United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ukraine                     Northern Ireland . . . . . . . . . .1999
United Kingdom of         United States of America . . . . . . .1999
  Great Britain and       Venezuela. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1999
  Northern Ireland        Zimbabwe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1998
United States of
  America
Venezuela
Zimbabwe


                                 C.  Regional Commissions

                              ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA


                                          Members

Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Co^te d'Ivoire
Democratic Republic of the Congo h/
Djibouti
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
United Republic of Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabwe


Switzerland participates in a consultative capacity in the work of the
Commission by virtue of Council resolution 925 (XXXIV) of 6 July 1962.

                        
--------------------
h/  Formerly Zaire.


                              ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE


                                          Members


Albania
Andorra
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Canada
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Monaco
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
San Marino
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America
Uzbekistan
Yugoslavia i/


The Holy See participates in the work of the Commission in accordance with
Commission decision N (XXXI) of 5 April 1976.

                        
--------------------
i/  By decision 1993/316, the Economic and Social Council decided that
the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) should not
participate in the work of the Economic Commission for Europe as long as the
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) did not participate in
the work of the General Assembly.


                  ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN


                                          Members

Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
France
Grenada
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Italy
Jamaica
Mexico
Netherlands
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Portugal
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Spain
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America
Uruguay
Venezuela

                                     Associate members

Aruba
British Virgin Islands
Montserrat
Netherlands Antilles
Puerto Rico
United States Virgin Islands


Germany and Switzerland participate in a consultative capacity in the work of
the Commission by virtue of Council resolutions 632 (XXII) of 19 December 1956
and 861 (XXXII) of 21 December 1961, respectively.


                  ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC


                                          Members

Afghanistan
Armenia
Australia
Azerbaijan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
China
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Fiji
France
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Japan
Kazakhstan
Kiribati
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Malaysia
Maldives
Marshall Islands
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Mongolia
Myanmar
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Pakistan
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Republic of Korea
Russian Federation
Samoa
Singapore
Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka
Tajikistan
Thailand
Tonga
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Viet Nam


                                     Associate members

American Samoa
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Cook Islands
French Polynesia
Guam
Hong Kong, China
Macau
New Caledonia
Niue


Switzerland participates in a consultative capacity in the work of the
Commission by virtue of Council resolution 860 (XXXII) of 21 December 1961.


                      ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR WESTERN ASIA


                                          Members

                      Bahrain                           Palestine
                      Egypt                             Qatar
                      Iraq                              Saudi Arabia
                      Jordan                            Syrian Arab Republic
                      Kuwait                            United Arab Emirates
                      Lebanon                           Yemen
                      Oman


                                  D.  Standing Committees

                         COMMITTEE FOR PROGRAMME AND COORDINATION

                               (34 members; three-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Membership in 1997          Membership in 1998 j/           Term expires on
                                                              31 December  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Argentina                  Argentina ..............................1999
Austria                    Austria ................................1999
Bahamas                    Brazil .................................1999
Benin                      Cameroon ...............................1999
Brazil                     China ..................................1998
Cameroon                   Congo ..................................1999
China                      Democratic Republic of the Congo k/.....1998
Congo                      Egypt ..................................1998
Democratic Republic        Germany ................................1999
  of the Congo k/          Indonesia ..............................1999
Egypt                      Iran (Islamic Republic of) .............1999
France                     Japan ..................................1998
Germany                    Nicaragua ..............................1999
Ghana                      Nigeria ................................1999
Indonesia                  Pakistan ...............................1999
Iran (Islamic              Poland .................................1999
  Republic of)             Republic of Korea ......................1998
Japan                      Romania ................................1999
Mexico                     Thailand ...............................1999
Nicaragua                  Togo ...................................1998
Nigeria                    Trinidad and Tobago ....................1999
Pakistan                   Ukraine ................................1999
Poland                     United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Republic of Korea            Northern Ireland .....................1999
Romania                    Uruguay ................................1998
Russian Federation         Zimbabwe ...............................1999
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Ukraine
United Kingdom of
  Great Britain and
  Northern Ireland
United States of
  America
Uruguay
Zimbabwe


---------------
j/ The remaining members are to be elected by the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session.  The Council nominated seven Member States for election
and postponed to a future session the nomination of two members from Western
European and other States for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1999 (decision 1997/212 B).
                                             
k/ Formerly Zaire.


                              COMMISSION ON HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

                               (58 members; four-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Membership in 1997 and 1998                 Term expires on    

                                                             31 December 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Algeria ...........................................                  1999
Bangladesh ........................................                  2000
Barbados ..........................................                  1999
Belarus ...........................................                  2000
Belgium ...........................................                  2000
Benin .............................................                  1999
Brazil ............................................                  1998
Bulgaria ..........................................                  1999
Cameroon ..........................................                  1998
Chile .............................................                  1998
China .............................................                  2000
Colombia ..........................................                  1999
Costa Rica ........................................                  1998
Czech Republic ....................................                  1999
Denmark ...........................................                  1999
Dominican Republic ................................                  1998
Ecuador ...........................................                  2000
Ethiopia ..........................................                  2000
Finland ...........................................                  1998
France ............................................                  2000
Gabon .............................................                  1998
Gambia ............................................                  1998
Germany ...........................................                  1999
India .............................................                  1999
Indonesia .........................................                  2000
Iran (Islamic Republic of) ........................                  1998
Italy .............................................                  2000
Jamaica ...........................................                  2000
Japan .............................................                  1998
Jordan ............................................                  1999
Kazakhstan ........................................                  1998
Kenya .............................................                  1999
Liberia ...........................................                  2000
Malawi ............................................                  2000
Mexico ............................................                  1999
Namibia ...........................................                  2000
Netherlands .......................................                  2000
Nigeria ...........................................                  1998
Norway ............................................                  1999
Pakistan ..........................................                  1998
Philippines .......................................                  1999
Poland ............................................                  2000
Republic of Korea .................................                  2000
Romania ...........................................                  1998
Russian Federation ................................                  1998
Spain .............................................                  1999
Sri Lanka .........................................                  1999
Sudan .............................................                  1999
Sweden ............................................                  2000
Tunisia ...........................................                  1999
Turkey ............................................                  1998
Uganda ............................................                  1998
United Arab Emirates ..............................                  1999
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland                 1998
United States of America ..........................                  1998
Venezuela .........................................                  2000
Zambia ............................................                  2000
Zimbabwe ..........................................                  1998


                        COMMITTEE ON NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

                                       (19 members)


       Members elected for a four-year term beginning on 1 January 1995

Bulgaria
Chile
China
Costa Rica
Cuba
Ethiopia
Greece
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Madagascar
Paraguay
Philippines
Russian Federation
Sudan
Swaziland l/
Tunisia
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America


-------------------
l/ Elected at the 11th meeting, on 6 June 1995, for a term beginning on the
date of election and expiring on 31 December 1998 (decision 1995/221).


                                     E.  Expert bodies

                INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP OF EXPERTS ON INTERNATIONAL
                           STANDARDS OF ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING

                               (34 members; three-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Term expires on
Membership in 1997                Membership in 1998  m/       31 December  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chile                      Benin ................................. 2000
China                      Bulgaria .............................. 2000
Cyprus                     Cameroon .............................. 2000
France                     China ................................. 1999
Gabon                      Comoros ............................... 2000
Gambia                     France ................................ 1999
Hungary                    Gabon ................................. 1999
India                      Gambia ................................ 1999
Italy                      Italy ................................. 1999
Jordan                     Kenya ................................. 1999
Kenya                      Malawi ................................ 1999
Malawi                     Namibia ............................... 1999
Namibia                    Netherlands ........................... 1999
Netherlands                Panama ................................ 1999
Nigeria                    Russian Federation .................... 1999
Pakistan                   Sierra Leone .......................... 2000
Panama                     Sweden ................................ 1999
Romania                    Switzerland ........................... 1999
Russian Federation         United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Sudan                        Northern Ireland .................... 1999
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom of
  Great Britain and
  Northern Ireland


---------------
m/  The Council postponed to a future session the election of four members
from Asian States, one member from Eastern European States and three members
from Latin American and Caribbean States for a three-year term beginning on 1
January 1998 (decision 1997/212 B).  The Council also postponed to a future
session the election of two members from Asian States, two members from Latin
American and Caribbean States and three members from Western European and
other States for a term beginning on the date of election and expiring on 31
December 1999 and one member from African States and two members from Latin
American and Caribbean States for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1997 (decision 1997/212 B).


                            COMMITTEE FOR DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

            Members appointed by the Economic and Social Council, on
            the nomination of the Secretary-General, for a term
            beginning on the date of appointment n/ and expiring on
                                     31 December 1997


Maria Agusztinovics (Hungary)
Bionisio Dias Carnerio-Netto (Brazil)
Makhtar Diouf (Senegal)
E. El-Hinnawi (Egypt)
Just Faaland (Norway)
Gao Shangquan (China)
Patrick Guillaumont (France)
Ryokichi Hirono (Japan)
Nurul Islam (Bangladesh)
Taher Kanaan (Jordan)
Louka T. Katseli (Greece)
Linda Lim (Singapore)
Nguyuru H. I. Lipumba (United Republic of Tanzania)
Nora Lustig (Argentina/Mexico)
Solita C. Monsod (Philippines)
Bishnodat Persaud (Guyana)
Akilagpa Sawyerr (Ghana)
Klaus Schwab (Germany)
Arjun Sengupta (India)
Alexandre Shokhin (Russian Federation)
Frances Stewart (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
Lance Taylor (United States of America)
Alvaro Uman~a (Costa Rica)
Miguel Urrutia (Colombia)

                        
------------------------
n/  27 July 1995 (see Council decision 1995/230).


                     COMMITTEE ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS

                               (18 members; four-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Term expires on
Membership in 1997 and 1998                                     31 December
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ade Adekuoye (Nigeria)                                               1998
Mahmoud Samir Ahmed (Egypt)                                          1998
Philip Alston (Australia)                                            1998
Ivan Antanovich (Belarus)                                            2000
Virginia Bonoan-Dandan (Philippines)                                 1998
Dumitru Ceausu (Romania)                                             2000
Oscar Ceville (Panama)                                               2000
Abdessatar Grissa (Tunisia)                                          2000
Mari'a de los Angeles Jime'nez Butraguen~o (Spain)                   2000
Valeri I. Kouznetsov (Russian Federation)                            1998
Jaime Alberto Marchan Romero (Ecuador)                               1998
Ariranga Govindasamy Pillay (Mauritius)                              2000
Kenneth Osborne Rattray (Jamaica)                                    2000
Walid M. Sa'di (Jordan)                                              2000
Eibe Riedel (Germany) o/                                             1998
Philippe Texier (France)                                             2000
Nutan Thapalia (Nepal)                                               1998
Javier Wimer Zambrano (Mexico)                                       1998


-----------------
o/  Elected at the 2nd meeting, on 7 February 1997, to complete the unexpired
portion of the term of Bruno Simma (Germany) (decision 1997/212 A).


                            COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES p/

                               (24 members; four-year term)


                              Membership in 1997 and 1998 q/

Gustavo Alvarez (Uruguay)
Denis Davis (Canada)
Vladislav M. Dolgopolov (Russian Federation)
Malin Falkenmark (Sweden)
Siripong Hungspreug (Thailand)
Adel Jalili (Islamic Republic of Iran)
Mohammad Nawaz Khan (Pakistan)
Li Yuwei (China)
Wafik Meshref (Egypt)
Neculai Pavovschi (Romania)
Mari'a Luisa Reyna de Aguilar (El Salvador)
Karlheinz Rieck (Germany)
Carlos A. Salvi'dar (Paraguay)
Carmen Luisa Vela'squez de Visbal (Venezuela)
Ghana
Kenya
Malawi
Netherlands
Nigeria
Zambia


-----------------
p/  Established by the Council in its decision 1992/218, in accordance with
General Assembly resolution 46/235.

q/  The Council decided that Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, the Netherlands,
Nigeria and Zambia would nominate experts for a term beginning on 1 January
1997 (decision 1996/222).  Egypt subsequently nominated an expert.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one expert from
Asian States, one expert from Eastern European States and two experts from
Western European and other States for a term beginning on the date of
election.  The terms of the members will be determined by lot once the
membership is complete (see decision 1997/212 B).


                  COMMITTEE ON NEW AND RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY AND ON
                                ENERGY FOR DEVELOPMENT r/

                               (24 members; four-year term)


                              Membership in 1997 and 1998 s/

Fe'lix L. Campos Mejivar (El Salvador)
Bernard Devin (France)
Jose' Mari'a Gamio Cia (Uruguay)
Zhang Guocheng (China)
Paul-Georg Gutermuth (Germany)
Wolfgang Hein (Austria)
Jo'n Ingimarsson (Iceland)
Ahmad Kahrobaian (Islamic Republic of Iran)
Choon-Ho Kim (Republic of Korea)
William Michael Mebane (Italy)
Daniel F. Pe'rez Ferna'ndez-Ravetti (Paraguay)
Eduardo Praselj (Venezuela)
E. V. R. Sastry (India)
Dimitri B. Volfberg (Russian Federation)
Netherlands
Qatar


----------------
r/  Established by the Council in its decision 1992/218, in accordance with
General Assembly resolution 46/235.

s/  The Council decided that the Netherlands would nominate an expert for a
term beginning on 1 January 1997 (decision 1996/222) and that Qatar would
nominate an expert for a term beginning on the date of election (decision
1997/212 B).  The Council postponed to a future session the election of six
experts from African States and two experts from Eastern European States for a
term beginning on the date of election.  The terms of the members will be
determined by lot once the membership is complete (see decision 1997/212 B).
                                             

                                    F.  Related bodies

                   EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND

                               (36 members; three-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Term expires on
Membership in 1997                Membership in 1998 t/         31 December  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Angola                     Antigua and Barbuda .................... 2000
Azerbaijan                 Azerbaijan ............................. 2000
Belgium                    Bangladesh ............................. 2000
Burundi                    Belgium ................................ 1999
Cape Verde                 Cape Verde ............................. 1999
China                      China .................................. 1998
Cuba                       Comoros ................................ 2000
Czech Republic             Congo .................................. 2000
Denmark                    Cuba ................................... 1998
Germany                    Czech Republic ......................... 1999
India                      Finland ................................ 2000
Indonesia                  France ................................. 1998
Italy                      Germany ................................ 1999
Jamaica                    Greece ................................. 1999
Japan                      Indonesia .............................. 1999
Kenya                      Jamaica ................................ 1999
Morocco                    Japan .................................. 2000
Namibia                    Kazakhstan ............................. 2000
Netherlands                Libyan Arab Jamahiriya ................. 2000
New Zealand                Namibia ................................ 1998
Nicaragua                  New Zealand ............................ 1998
Nigeria                    Nicaragua .............................. 1999
Norway                     Nigeria ................................ 1999
Oman                       Norway ................................. 2000
Pakistan                   Oman ................................... 1999
Republic of Korea          Russian Federation ..................... 1998
Russian Federation         South Africa ........................... 2000
Suriname                   Sudan .................................. 2000
Sweden                     Suriname ............................... 1998
Switzerland                Sweden ................................. 1998
Turkey                     Switzerland ............................ 1998
Uganda                     Ukraine ................................ 1998
Ukraine                    United Kingdom of Great Britain and
United States of             Northern Ireland ..................... 2000
  America                  United States of America ............... 1999
Venezuela                  Viet Nam ............................... 1998
Viet Nam                   Yemen .................................. 2000


---------------
t/  At the 3rd meeting, on 1 May 1997, the Council elected Sweden for a
one-year term beginning on 1 January 1998 to complete the term of Denmark;
Greece for a two-year term beginning on 1 January 1998 to complete the term of
Italy; and France for a one-year term beginning on 1 January 1998 to complete
the term of Turkey (decision 1997/212 B).


                EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE PROGRAMME OF THE UNITED NATIONS
                              HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES

                                     (53 members) u/


Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belgium
Brazil
Canada
China
Colombia
Democratic Republic of the Congo v/
Denmark
Ethiopia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Holy See
Hungary
India
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Lebanon
Lesotho
Madagascar
Morocco
Namibia
Netherlands
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Norway
Pakistan
Philippines
Poland
Russian Federation
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sudan
Sweden
Switzerland
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Uganda
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Venezuela
Yugoslavia


---------------
u/  Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 51/72, in which the Assembly
decided to increase the number of members of the Executive Committee from 51
to 53 States, the Council elected Poland and South Africa members of the
Executive Committee (decision 1997/212 A).

v/  Formerly Zaire.


               EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME/
                              UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND

                               (36 members; three-year term)


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Term expires on
Membership in 1997           Membership in 1998 w/             31 December  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Antigua and Barbuda        Antigua and Barbuda ....................   1999
Argentina                  Argentina ..............................   1998
Australia                  Australia ..............................   1998
Austria                    Austria ................................   1999
Belize                     Belize .................................   1998
Brazil                     Botswana ...............................   2000
Burundi                    Brazil .................................   1999
China                      Canada .................................   1998
Cuba                       China ..................................   2000
Democratic Republic        Czech Republic .........................   2000
  of the Congo x/          Democratic Republic of the Congo x/.....   2000
Ethiopia                   Denmark ................................   2000
Finland                    France .................................   2000
France                     Ghana ..................................   2000
Gambia                     Guinea .................................   1999
Germany                    India ..................................   1998
Guinea                     Ireland ................................   2000
India                      Jamaica ................................   2000
Indonesia                  Japan ..................................   1999
Japan                      Lebanon ................................   2000
Libyan Arab                Libyan Arab Jamahiriya .................   1999
  Jamahiriya               Madagascar .............................   1998
Madagascar                 Malaysia ...............................   1998
Malaysia                   Netherlands ............................   1998
Netherlands                Norway .................................   1999
Norway                     Pakistan ...............................   1999
Pakistan                   Republic of Korea ......................   2000
Philippines                Romania ................................   1998
Romania                    Russian Federation .....................   1999
Russian Federation         South Africa ...........................   2000
Slovakia                   Spain ..................................   2000
Sweden                     Thailand ...............................   1999
Switzerland                Ukraine ................................   1998
Thailand                   United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ukraine                      Northern Ireland .....................   1999
United Kingdom of          United Republic of Tanzania ............   2000
  Great Britain and        United States of America ...............   1998
  Northern Ireland
United States of
  America
Zambia


------------------
w/  At the 3rd meeting, on 1 May 1997, the Council elected Canada for a
one-year term beginning on 1 January 1998 to complete the term of Switzerland
(decision 1997/212 B).

x/  Formerly Zaire.


                      EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME y/

                               (36 members; three-year term)


                                    Membership in 1997


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Members elected by
    the Economic and      Term expires      Members elected by    Term expires
     Social Council      on 31 December      the FAO Council    on 31 December
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Angola ................       1999       Algeria ................       1998  
Belgium ...............       1999       Bangladesh .............       1997
Cameroon ..............       1998       Brazil .................       1999
Denmark ...............       1998       Burundi ................       1997
Ethiopia ..............       1999       Canada .................       1998
Hungary ...............       1997       China ..................       1998
India .................       1998       Cuba ...................       1998
Indonesia .............       1997       El Salvador ............       1997
Iran (Islamic                            France .................       1999
  Republic of) ........       1999       Germany ................       1998
Italy .................       1997       Haiti ..................       1997
Japan .................       1999       Jordan .................       1999
Mauritania ............       1997       Netherlands ............       1997
Mexico ................       1999       Nigeria ................       1998
Norway ................       1997       Senegal ................       1999
Pakistan ..............       1997       Slovakia ...............       1999
Paraguay ..............       1998       Switzerland ............       1999
Tunisia ...............       1998       United States of America       1997
United Kingdom of                             
  Great Britain and
  Northern Ireland ....       1998        


                                    Membership in 1998


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Members elected by
    the Economic and      Term expires    Members elected by    Term expires
     Social Council z/   on 31 December   the FAO Council aa/  on 31 December
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Angola ................       1999        Algeria ...............     1998    
Belgium ...............       1999        Brazil ................     1999
Cameroon ..............       1998        Canada ................     1998
Denmark ...............       1998        China .................     1998
Ethiopia ..............       1999        Cuba ..................     1998
Finland ...............       2000        France ................     1999
India .................       1998        Germany ...............     1998
Indonesia .............       2000        Jordan ................     1999
Iran (Islamic                             Nigeria ...............     1998
  Republic of) ........       1999        Senegal ...............     1999
Japan .................       1999        Slovakia ..............     1999
Mexico ................       1999        Switzerland ...........     1999
Norway ................       2000
Pakistan ..............       2000
Paraguay ..............       1998
Russian Federation ....       2000
Sierra Leone ..........       2000
Sweden ................       1998
Tunisia ...............       1998


---------------
y/  By resolution 50/8 of 1 November 1995, the General Assembly decided,
subject to the concurrence of the Conference of the food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations, that the Committee on Food Aid Policies
and Programmes should be reconstituted as the Executive Board of the World
Food Programme, with 36 members elected from among the States Members of the
United Nations and the States members elected of the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations, and that the Economic and Social Council
and the Council of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
should elect 18 members each, according to the pattern set out in the
resolution.  The members of the Executive Board are elected from five lists
set out in the Basic Texts of the World Food Programme and reproduced in
document E/1995/L.11, annex II.
                                             
z/  At the 3rd meeting, on 1 May 1997, the Council elected Sweden for a
one-year term beginning on 1 January 1998 to complete the term of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (decision 1997/212 B).

aa/ The remaining six seats are to be filled by the Council of the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations at its session to be held in
November 1997.


                           INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL BOARD

           Members elected by the Economic and Social Council to serve
           on the Board as constituted under the 1972 Protocol Amending
                       the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Term expires on
       Membership from 2 March 1997                             1 March  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Edward A. Babayan (Russian Federation) ............                  2000
C. Chakrabarty (India) ............................                  2002
Nelia P. Corte's-Maramba (Philippines) .............                 2002
Jacques Franquet (France) .........................                  2002
Abdol-Hamid Ghodse (Islamic Republic of Iran) .....                  2002
Alfonso Go'mez Me'ndez (Colombia) ...................                2002
Dil Jan Khan (Pakistan) ...........................                  2002
Mohamed A. Mansour (Egypt) ........................                  2000
Anto'nio Lourenco Martins (Portugal) ...............                 2000
Herbert S. Okun (United States of America) ........                  2002
Alfredo Pemjean (Chile) ...........................                  2000
Oskar Schroeder (Germany) .........................                  2000
Elba Torres Graterol (Venezuela) ..................                  2000


                    BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AND
                      TRAINING INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN

                               (11 members; three-year term)


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Term expires on
               Membership as at 1 July 1997                      30 June
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Selma Acuner (Turkey) .............................                  2000
Ihsan Abdallah Algabshawi (Sudan) .................                  1998
Esther Mari'a Ashton (Bolivia) .....................                 1998
Zakia Amara Bouaziz (Tunisia) .....................                  2000
Maria Jonas (Austria) .............................                  1999
Noe"lie Kangoye (Burkina Faso) .....................                 1999
Mona Chemali Khalaf (Lebanon) .....................                  1999
Norica Nicolai (Romania) ..........................                  2000
Els Postel-Coster (Netherlands) ...................                  1998
Glenda P. Simms (Jamaica) .........................                  2000
Amaryllis T. Torres (Philippines) .................                  2000


                  COMMITTEE FOR THE UNITED NATIONS POPULATION AWARD bb/

                    Members elected for a three-year term beginning on
                                   1 January 1998 cc/


               El Salvador                              Netherlands
               Guatemala                                Thailand
               Iran (Islamic Republic of)


---------------
bb/  For the regulations governing the Award, see General Assembly resolution
36/201 and decision 41/445.

cc/  The Council postponed to a future session the election of three members
from African States, one member from Eastern European States and one member
from Latin American and Caribbean States for a term beginning on the date of
election and expiring on 31 December 2000 (decision 1997/212 B).


           PROGRAMME COORDINATION BOARD OF THE JOINT AND CO-SPONSORED
           UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS/
                            ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME

                               (22 members; three-year term)


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Term expires on
Membership in 1997                Membership in 1998 dd/       31 December  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Algeria                    Australia .............................. 1999
Barbados                   Barbados ............................... 2000
Bulgaria                   Belgium ................................ 2000
Canada                     China .................................. 2000
China                      Congo .................................. 1998
Congo                      Co^te d'Ivoire ..........................1999
Co^te d'Ivoire             Denmark ................................ 1999
France                     Germany ................................ 1998
India                      India .................................. 1998
Japan                      Japan .................................. 2000
Mexico                     Mexico ................................. 1999
Netherlands                Pakistan ............................... 1998
Norway                     Paraguay ............................... 1998
Pakistan                   Poland ................................. 2000
Paraguay                   Russian Federation ..................... 1998
Russian Federation         South Africa ........................... 2000
South Africa               Switzerland ............................ 2000
Sweden                     Thailand ............................... 1999
Thailand                   Uganda ................................. 1998
Uganda                     United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
United Kingdom of            Northern Ireland ..................... 2000
  Great Britain and        United States of America ............... 1998
  Northern Ireland
United States of
  America


---------------
dd/  At the 3rd meeting, on 1 May 1997, the Council elected Australia for a
two-year term beginning on 1 January 1998 to complete the term of Canada;
Germany for a one-year term beginning on 1 January 1998 to complete the term
of France; and Denmark for a two-year term beginning on 1 January 1998 to
complete the term of Norway.  The Council postponed to a future session the
election of one member from African States for a three-year term beginning on
1 January 1998 (decision 1997/212 B).


                                         Annex III

            INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS DESIGNATED BY THE COUNCIL
            UNDER RULE 79 OF THE RULES OF PROCEDURE a/ FOR PARTICIPATION
            IN THE DELIBERATIONS OF THE COUNCIL ON QUESTIONS WITHIN
                               THE SCOPE OF THEIR ACTIVITIES


                  Organizations accorded permanent observer status by the
                                     General Assembly

Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (General Assembly resolution
36/4)

African Development Bank (General Assembly resolution 42/10)

Agency for Culture and Technical Cooperation (General Assembly resolution
33/18)

Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the
Caribbean (General Assembly resolution 43/6)

Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee (General Assembly resolution 35/2)

Caribbean Community (General Assembly resolution 46/8)

Central American Integration System (General Assembly resolution 50/2)

Commonwealth of Independent States (General Assembly resolution 48/237)

Commonwealth Secretariat (General Assembly resolution 31/3)

Council of Europe (General Assembly resolution 44/6)

Economic Cooperation Organization (General Assembly resolution 48/2)

European Community (General Assembly resolution 3208 (XXIX))

International Committee of the Red Cross (General Assembly resolution 45/6)

International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) (General Assembly
resolution 51/1)

International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (General
Assembly resolution 49/2)

International Organization for Migration (General Assembly resolution 47/4)

International Seabed Authority (General Assembly resolution 51/6)

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (General Assembly
resolution 51/204)

Latin American Economic System (SELA) (General Assembly resolution 35/3)

Latin American Parliament (General Assembly resolution 48/4)

League of Arab States (General Assembly resolution 477 (V))

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (General Assembly
resolution 48/5)

Organization of African Unity (General Assembly resolution 2011 (XX))

Organization of American States (General Assembly resolution 253 (III))

Organization of the Islamic Conference (General Assembly resolution 3369
(XXX))

Permanent Court of Arbitration (General Assembly resolution 48/3)

South Pacific Forum (General Assembly resolution 49/1)

Sovereign Military Order of Malta (General Assembly resolution 48/265)


                Organizations designated by the Economic and Social Council

Participation on a continuing basis

African Regional Centre for Technology (Council decision 1980/151)

Asian Productivity Organization (APO) (Council decision 1980/114)

Council of Arab Economic Unity (Council decision 109 (LIX))

International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (Council
decision 1997/215)

International Centre for Public Enterprises in Developing Countries (ICPE)
(Council decision 1980/114)

Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE) (Council decision 1980/114)

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (Council
decision 109 (LIX))

Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture
(Council decision 1986/156)

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (Council decision 109 (LIX))

Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (Council
decision 1992/265)

Union of Economic and Social Councils of Africa (Council decision 1996/225)

World Tourism Organization (Council decision 109 (LIX))

Participation on an ad hoc basis

African Accounting Council (Council decision 1987/161)

African Cultural Institute (Council decision 1987/161)

Arab Security Studies and Training Centre (Council decision 1989/165)

Council of Arab Ministers of the Interior (Council decision 1987/161)

Customs Cooperation Council (Council decision 1989/165)

International Bauxite Association (Council decision 1987/161)

International Civil Defence Organization (Council decision 109 (LIX))

Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (Council decision 239 (LXII))


---------------
a/  The text of rule 79, entitled "Participation of other intergovernmental
organization", reads:  "Representatives of intergovernmental organizations
accorded permanent observer status by the General Assembly and of other
intergovernmental organizations designated on an ad hoc or a continuing basis
by the Council on the recommendation of the Bureau may participate, without
the right to vote, in the deliberations of the Council on questions within the
scope of the activities of the organizations".


                                           -----


 

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Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:05:30
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