United Nations

A/52/232


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 September 1997

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


                                                        A/52/232

General Assembly
Fifty-second session


           REQUEST FOR INCLUSION OF AN ADDITIONAL ITEM IN THE AGENDA
                          OF THE FIFTY-SECOND SESSION

                   OBSERVER STATUS FOR THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY
                            IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
                                       
            Letter dated 28 August 1997 from the representatives of
            Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela to the  
               United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


     We have the honour to request, pursuant to rule 15 of the rules of
procedure of the General Assembly, the inclusion in the agenda of the
fifty-second session of an additional item of an important and urgent
character entitled "Observer status for the Andean Community in the
General Assembly".

     Pursuant to rule 20 of the rules of procedure of the General
Assembly, this request is accompanied by an explanatory memorandum
(annex I) and the corresponding draft resolution (annex II).


(Signed)  Marco Antonio VIDAURRE             (Signed)  Julio London~o PAREDES 
  Charge' d'affaires a.i.                       Permanent Representative of   
  Permanent Mission of Bolivia                  Colombia to the United Nations
  to the United Nations                                                
           
(Signed)  Fernando GUILLE'N                  (Signed)  Oscar GARCI'A          
  Permanent Representative                     Charge' d'affaires a.i.        
  of Peru to the United Nations                 Mission of Venezuela to       
                                                the United Nations            

                      (Signed)  Luis Valencia RODRI'GUEZ
                        Permanent Representative of Ecuador
                        to the United Nations


                                    Annex I

                            EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM


                             The Andean Community

     On 26 May 1969, the Plenipotentiaries of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia,
Ecuador and Peru, meeting in Cartagena, Colombia, signed the Andean
Subregional Integration Agreement, in response to the quest for a
solution to the existing imbalance among the contracting parties of
the Latin American Free Trade Association.  Venezuela became a member
on 13 February 1973, and Chile withdrew from the Cartagena Agreement
in 1976.

     In October 1992, the Andean Free Trade Area was formed, and in
January 1995 the Andean Customs Union was established with the entry
into force of the Common External Tariff.

     To make it possible to achieve their objectives and fully comply
with their guidelines and mandates, the Presidents, at the seventh
meeting of the Andean Presidential Council, held in Quito on 5
September 1995, decided to restructure the executive and
administrative bodies of the Andean process, which resulted in the
establishment of the Andean Integration System.

     Accordingly, the Andean Community is today a free trade area
without any kind of tariff or para-tariff restriction, into which
members are incorporated gradually and automatically; it also has a
common external tariff, in which four of its five members participate. 
It has begun to deregulate services by adopting air transport
policies, such as decisions concerning open skies, carriage of persons
and goods by roadway and maritime and multimodal transport, and will
soon adopt an agreement on the deregulation of services.

     In addition, the Community is engaged in negotiations with the
Southern Common Market for the purpose of combining the two
integration processes into a free trade area within 10 years.  It has
also opened negotiations with Panama and with the Caribbean Community
for the same purpose, and it plans to hold talks with Central American
countries to that end as well.

     For 20 years, the Andean Community has had a relationship of
cooperation with the European Union, legally enshrined in a "third-
generation agreement" which, beyond the limits of technical assistance
and economic cooperation, promotes the flow of investments and
technology transfer.

     Four of the Andean Community countries have preferential trade
agreements with the United States of America, and five Andean
countries have such agreements with the European Community for the
purpose of facilitating access to their markets on the basis of the
need to provide cooperation and incentives to the Andean countries in
their campaign against drug trafficking.

Objectives

      -  To promote the balanced and harmonious development of the
         member countries on the basis of equity, through economic and
         social integration and cooperation; to speed up growth and
         job creation; to encourage participation in regional
         integration, with a view to the gradual formation of a Latin
         American common market.

      -  In addition, to help reduce external vulnerability and
         improve the member countries' position in international
         trade; to strengthen subregional solidarity; and to reduce
         existing developmental differences among the member
         countries.

     The attainment of these objectives should bring about a steady
improvement in the standard of living of the inhabitants of the
subregion.

     Moreover, balanced and harmonious development should lead to an
equitable distribution of the benefits of integration to the member
countries, thereby reducing existing differences among them.  The
results of this process should be periodically evaluated, taking into
account, among other factors, the impact on each country in respect of
the expansion of its global exports, the behaviour of its trade
balance with the subregion, the evolution of its gross territorial
product, the creation of new jobs and the formation of capital.

Mechanisms

     To attain the above-mentioned objectives, the following mechanisms
and means will be used, among others:

     (a) The gradual harmonization of economic and social policies and
of national legislation on relevant matters;

     (b) The execution of industrial programmes and other modalities
of industrial integration;

     (c) A programme aimed at total trade decontrol;

     (d) A common external tariff;

     (e) Programmes to accelerate the development of the agricultural
and agro-industrial sectors;

     (f) The channelling of domestic and external resources to the
subregion to provide financing for the investments needed in the
integration process;

     (g) Physical integration;

     (h) Preferential treatment for Bolivia and Ecuador.

     As a complement to the above mechanisms, Community programmes and
actions exist in the following areas:

     (a) External relations;

     (b) Scientific and technological development;

     (c) Border integration and tourism;

     (d) Development and conservation of natural resources and the
environment;

     (e) Deregulation of services;

     (f) Social development;

     (g) Social communication.

Institution-building

     The Andean Community is composed of the sovereign States of
Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela, and of the organs and
institutions of the Andean Integration System, established by the
Cartagena Agreement.

     The Andean Integration System is composed of the following organs
and institutions:

     (a)  Principal organs

     (i)  The Andean Presidential Council;

    (ii)  The Andean Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs;

   (iii)  The Commission of the Andean Community;

    (iv)  The General Secretariat of the Andean Community;

     (v)  The Court of Justice of the Andean Community;

    (vi)  The Andean Parliament;

     (b)  Advisory bodies

     (i)  The Business Advisory Council;

    (ii)  The Labour Advisory Council;

     (c)  Financial institutions

     (i)  The Andean Development Corporation;

    (ii)  The Latin American Reserve Fund;

     (d)  Cultural institutions

     (i)  The Simo'n Rodri'guez Agreement, the social agreements
          connected with the Andean Integration System and others
          established under the same framework;

    (ii)  The Andean Simo'n Boli'var University.


                                   Annex II

                               DRAFT RESOLUTION


                  Observer status for the Andean Community in
                             the General Assembly

     The General Assembly,

     Considering the importance of the Andean Community in the
promotion of the balanced and harmonious development of the member
countries on the basis of equity, through economic and social
integration and cooperation, with a view to the gradual formation of a
Latin American common market,

     Considering also the need, frequently noted by the United Nations,
to promote and support the economic development of the member
countries,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 50/227 of 24 May 1996 on the
restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in the
economic, social and related fields,

     Wishing to promote cooperation between the United Nations and the
Andean Community,

     1.  Decides to invite the Andean Community to participate in the
sessions and the work of the General Assembly in the capacity of
observer;

     2.  Requests the Secretary-General to take the necessary action to
implement this resolution.


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