United Nations

A/52/112


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

18 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
RUSSIAN


                                                   A/52/112

General Assembly
Fifty-second session
Items 71, 84, 99, 100, 101 and 148
  of the preliminary list*

     * A/52/50.


                GENERAL AND COMPLETE DISARMAMENT

                   EFFECTS OF ATOMIC RADIATION

            SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL
                      ECONOMIC COOPERATION

             ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

             OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT

           UNITED NATIONS DECADE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

       Letter dated 14 March 1997 from the representatives
       of Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan 
       and Uzbekistan to the United Nations addressed to  
                      the Secretary-General


    We have the honour to transmit the text of the Almaty Declaration,
adopted by the leaders of Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan in Almaty on 28 February 1997 (see annex).

    We should be grateful if you would have this letter and its annex
circulated as an official document of the General Assembly under items
71, 84, 99, 100, 101 and 148 of the preliminary list.


(Signed)  A. ARYSTANBEKOVA          (Signed)  Z. ESHMAMBETOVA    
  Permanent Representative            Permanent Representative   
  of Kazakstan to the                 of Kyrgyzstan to the       
  United Nations                      United Nations             

(Signed)  R. ALIMOV                 (Signed)  A. ATAEVA          
  Permanent Representative            Permanent Representative   
  of Tajikistan to the                of Turkmenistan to the     
  United Nations                      United Nations             

                      (Signed)  A. VOHIDOV
                        Acting Permanent Representative
                        of Uzbekistan to the United Nations


                              ANNEX

    Almaty Declaration, adopted by the leaders of Kazakstan,
    Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, of 
                        28 February 1997


    We, the Presidents of the fraternal States of Kazakstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan,

    Moved by the desire to strengthen the independence and sovereignty
of our countries and raise the living standards of our peoples,

    Considering that environmental security is one of the strategic
components of national security and a vital factor in protecting the
interests and priorities of the Central Asian States,

    Bearing in mind that the problem of the environmental disaster in
the Aral Sea basin is global in nature and that its solution brooks no
delay,

    Considering that the extreme environmental situation in the Aral
region has a negative impact on the natural habitat and living
conditions of millions of residents not only of the Aral Sea basin but
also of other regions of our planet,

    Confirming our adherence to the provisions of the United Nations
worldwide programme on the environment (Agenda 21), and fully
supporting the effort to draw up and implement a single strategy for
the sustainable development of the countries of central Asia,

    Acknowledging that management of the water resources of
transboundary rivers must follow an ecosystem approach and be
conducted justly and reasonably without causing reciprocal damage, and
confirming the obligations already entered into with respect to full-
scale cooperation on the international and inter-State levels,

    Expressing the united view of our countries, which have signed the
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, on the need to
proclaim Central Asia a nuclear-weapon-free zone,

    Proceeding on the basis of the steadfast aspiration to take joint
action to overcome the consequences of the environmental crisis in the
Aral Sea basin,

    Have decided, at a meeting held in Almaty on 28 February 1997:

    To declare 1998 as Environmental Protection Year in the central
Asia region  under the auspices of the United Nations;

    To call on all States concerned, on the eve of the fiftieth
anniversary of the Semipalatinsk test site, to support the idea of
proclaiming central Asia a nuclear-free zone open to accession by
other States of the region;

    To note the efforts of the Central Asian States, which despite
serious economic difficulties are making considerable efforts to
improve the environmental situation in the Aral Sea basin, the regions
of the Semipalatinsk test site and other areas affected by the impact
of nuclear tests;

    To acknowledge the need to develop a comprehensive programme of
environmental security including the Aral problem, establish a
nuclear-free zone in central Asia and combat the leakage of nuclear
technologies and raw materials;

    To call on the United Nations and its specialized agencies to pay
the closest attention to the crisis situation that has arisen in the
Aral Sea basin and to take effective measures to protect the
environment in that region, paying particular attention to measures to
assist the poverty-stricken population of the Aral region;

    To confirm our readiness to cooperate as necessary with
international organizations and institutes in their activities in
implementation of the Programme of concrete actions and other regional
projects;

    To complete jointly with international organizations the
preparation of a draft convention on sustainable development of the
Aral Sea basin.


For the Republic of Kazakstan
(Signed)  N. A. NAZARBAEV


For the Kyrgyz Republic
(Signed)  A. A. AKAYEV


For the Republic of Tajikistan
(Signed)  E. S. RAKHMONOV


For Turkmenistan
(Signed)  S. A. NIYAZOV


For the Republic of Uzbekistan
(Signed)  I. A. KARIMOV


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