United Nations

A/51/87


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

25 March 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


                                                        A/51/87

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Items 45, 96, 97, 98, 103, 105,
  113 and 154 of the preliminary list*

     *   A/51/50.


IMPLEMENTATION OF THE OUTCOME OF THE WORLD SUMMIT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

                        MACROECONOMIC POLICY QUESTIONS

        SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION

                    ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING QUESTIONS RELATING TO THE WORLD SOCIAL SITUATION
AND TO YOUTH, AGEING, DISABLED PERSONS AND THE FAMILY

                          INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL

                            HUMAN RIGHTS QUESTIONS

                 MEASURES TO ELIMINATE INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

        Letter dated 20 March 1996 from the Permanent Representative of
         Peru to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


     I have the honour to transmit to you herewith the text of the
Trujillo Act and the Protocol Amending the Cartagena Agreement (see
annex), which establishes the Andean Community and which was signed on
10 March 1996 by the heads of State of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and
Peru, the Personal Representative of the President of Venezuela and
the President of Panama as an observer, during the eighth meeting of
the Andean Presidential Council, held in Trujillo, Peru.

     I should be grateful if you would have this letter and its annex
 circulated as a document of the General Assembly under items 45, 96,
97, 98, 103, 105, 113  and 154 of the preliminary list.


                               (Signed)  Fernando GUILLE'N SALAS
                                         Ambassador
                                         Permanent Representative of Peru
                                           to the United Nations


                                     Annex

                                 TRUJILLO ACT


     The Presidents of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, the
Personal Representative of the President of Venezuela and the
President of Panama, in the capacity of an observer, met in the city
of Trujillo on 9 and 10 March 1996, on the occasion of the eighth
meeting of the Andean Presidential Council, to evaluate the progress
made in the process of Andean subregional integration since the
signing of the Quito Act, through which guidelines were adopted for
the institutional restructuring of the Andean Group.

     Accordingly, the Andean Presidents adopted the Protocol Amending
the Andean Subregional Integration Agreement (Cartagena Agreement),
which establishes the Andean Community and the Andean Integration
System as the new legal framework for meeting the challenges faced by
the subregional integration process as a result of changes in the
world economy.

     To this end, the Andean Presidents have decided to consolidate and
promote closer ties of cooperation by strengthening their democracies,
eradicating poverty, promoting sustainable development and
environmental conservation, opening up their markets and coordinating
their positions in various international negotiating forums.

     For that purpose, they have adopted the following


                            PRESIDENTIAL GUIDELINES

PROTOCOL OF AMENDMENT ESTABLISHING THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY AND THE ANDEAN
INTEGRATION SYSTEM

     The Presidents have decided to establish the Andean Community and
the Andean Integration System, to which end they have adopted the
Protocol Amending the Andean Subregional Integration Agreement
(Cartagena Agreement), which is annexed hereto and forms an integral
part of this Act.

     They urge their legislatures to expedite the ratification of that
Protocol of Amendment to ensure that the procedure is concluded, in so
far as possible, within 60 days of the adoption of this Act.

     They direct the Andean Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs to
take immediate steps to prepare and adopt the rules of procedure, and
instruct the Commission of the Cartagena Agreement to adjust its own
rules of procedure accordingly and to prepare new ones for the general
secretariat, which will be submitted for consideration to the Andean
Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs.

     They also instruct the Andean Council of Ministers for Foreign
Affairs to meet, immediately following the entry into force of the
Protocol Amending the Andean Subregional Integration Agreement
(Cartagena Agreement), to elect a Secretary-General of the Andean
Community.

Court of Justice of the Andean Community

     The Andean Presidents have decided that the Chairman of the
Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs shall convene, as soon as
possible, a meeting of the plenipotentiaries for the purpose of
reconciling the draft Protocol Modifying the Court of Justice with the
institutional reforms introduced into the Cartagena Agreement by the
Protocol of Amendment annexed to this Act.  In convening that meeting,
the Chairman shall provide the participants with the working paper on
the legal order of the Cartagena Agreement which was considered by the
high-level working group for the structuring of the Andean Integration
System.

Andean Parliament

     The Andean Presidents support the strengthening of the Andean
Parliament and urge that representatives to that body be elected, by
universal and direct ballot, within the next five years.

Andean Development Corporation

     The Andean Presidents take note of the sustained and financially
sound growth of the Andean Development Corporation in the
international sphere, to the point where it has become the primary
source of financing for the Andean countries, supporting physical
integration projects, private-sector development, increased trade and
the procurement of resources in capital markets.

     They also note with satisfaction the incorporation of new
countries of the region as series "C" shareholders, which opens up new
opportunities for financing projects and activities of mutual interest
to the Andean Group and to those countries.

     In that regard, they express their support for the effective
management practices of the entity's current administration.

Social agreements

     The Andean Presidents stress the importance of updating the
objectives and strengthening the implementation of the Andre's Bello,
Hipo'lito Unanue and Simo'n Rodri'guez Conventions and the Jose'
Celestino Mutis Programme to adapt them to the goals and purposes of
the Andean Integration System.  To that end, they invite the
non-Andean countries parties to those conventions to join that effort.

Democracy and human rights

     Considering that democracy is the political system that best
guarantees the rule of law, citizen participation, respect for human
rights and the preservation of cultural diversity, the Andean
Presidents agree to continue to strengthen democratic institutions to
achieve stability, peace and development for their peoples.

Combating corruption

     The Andean Presidents reaffirm that combating corruption is a
basic responsibility of every State, which must be complemented by
joint action through international cooperation and mutual assistance. 
The Andean Presidents express their renewed willingness and commitment
to fight corruption in order to consolidate a democratic society that
fosters social and economic justice.  To that end, they strongly
support the convening of the Specialized Conference on the Draft
Inter-American Convention against Corruption, to be held in Caracas
this month.

Drug trafficking

     The Andean Presidents reaffirm their unshakable conviction, born
of the sovereign will of the Andean societies and Governments, that
drug trafficking and related crimes must be fought head-on.  In this
regard, they endorse the commitment made at the seventh meeting of the
Andean Presidential Council to strengthen existing ties of cooperation
with a view to developing common policies and actions to promote
closer cooperation with other countries and regional groupings in
order to pursue a concerted, comprehensive effort to combat all of the
crimes related to the phenomenon of drugs and illicit substances,
including their production, distribution and consumption;
money-laundering; the diversion of chemical precursors; and illegal
trade in light arms.

     Acknowledging the progress and successes which the Andean
countries have achieved in the fight against drugs, but aware that
they must continue this struggle with energy and determination, the
Andean Presidents endorse the view that this can only be done on the
basis of shared responsibility, the strictest respect for
international law and non-interference in the internal affairs of each
country.

     Pursuant to international law, they consider that it is
inappropriate for any country to make unilateral evaluations, based on
domestic laws, concerning another country's policies on this issue,
and that such evaluations have no binding effects on any State.

     Conscious of the need to unify criteria regarding the fight
against drugs and related crimes, they have decided to give full
effect to the Quito Declaration against Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
to establish, within 30 days, a high-level task force consisting of
the authorities in charge of the fight against drugs in each of the
Andean countries.

Andean trade preferences

     The Andean Presidents are pleased at the momentum gained by the
process of dialogue and cooperation between the Andean Community and
the European Union with respect to drugs and related crimes, as
exemplified by the agreement on the control of precursors and
psychotropic substances, signed in December 1995 in Madrid, Spain, as
well as the first meeting of high-level experts on the fight against
drugs, which will take place in Rome this month.

     They also welcome the progress made in modifying the European
Union's Generalized System of Preferences in the areas of agriculture
and fishing, in the context of cooperation in the fight against drug
trafficking.

Terrorism

     The Andean Presidents reaffirm their determination to take
cooperative measures to prevent, punish and eliminate all forms of
national and international terrorism, in accordance with the standards
and principles of international law.  In this regard, they welcome the
convening of the forthcoming Inter-American Specialized Conference on
Terrorism, to be held in Lima, Peru, in April 1996.

Sustainable development

     The Andean Presidents express their satisfaction at the convening
of the Summit Conference on Sustainable Development, which will be
held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, from 6 to 8 December 1996. 
They have decided to participate actively in the preparations for that
event and to lend strong support to the Bolivian Government to ensure
the success of that important meeting.

Free trade area in the Americas

     The Andean Presidents support the development of a free trade area
in the Americas, in the belief that the progressive liberalization of
trade in goods and services will help achieve growth levels
commensurate with the development expectations of all the peoples in
the hemisphere.  Taking into account the varying circumstances of the
countries participating in the free trade area, the Presidents
consider that progress in its implementation should give priority to
the extension and convergence of existing subregional agreements. 
This belief is renewed in view of the forthcoming second ministerial
meeting on trade and business forum of the Americas, to be held in
Cartagena, Colombia, in March 1996.

European Union

     The Andean Presidents are pleased that the President of the
European Council welcomed, at the Madrid Summit of December 1995, the
call to strengthen relations between the Andean Community and the
European Union.  In that regard, they instruct the Andean Council of
Ministers for Foreign Affairs when they meet in April with their
European counterparts, in Cochabamba, Bolivia, to take specific
measures to deepen interregional relations and to strengthen ties of
inter-institutional cooperation between the European Union and the
bodies and institutions of the Andean Integration System. 
Furthermore, they acknowledge the support provided by the Commission
of the European Union for the institutional development of that
System.

Andean Community and other blocs

     The Andean Presidents are confident that the negotiations between
the countries members of the Cartagena Agreement and the Common Market
of the Southern Cone will help increase economic ties between the two
subregional integration schemes in a context of open regionalism.  The
heads of State request the Andean Council of Ministers for Foreign
Affairs and the Commission to evaluate the progress of these
negotiations at their next meeting.

     They also affirm the importance of strengthening links with other
countries or groups of countries, such as those of the Asia-Pacific
bloc, among others, in order to increase trade.  To that end, they
direct the Andean Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs and the
Commission to take appropriate action.

Treaty for Amazonian Cooperation

     The Andean Presidents strongly urge international sources of
cooperation to provide assistance for the fulfilment of the mandates
contained in the Lima Declaration.  They stress the importance of
intensifying inter-institutional cooperation between the Andean
Integration System and the Treaty for Amazonian Cooperation.

Physical integration

     The Andean Presidents underscore the importance of improving the
road networks, ports, and airports in the Andean Community, and take
note of the efforts being made in the field of infrastructure and
transport services to build roads linking the Andean countries to the
other countries of the region.

"Simo'n Boli'var" Satellite Project

     The Andean Presidents instruct the Commission of the Andean
Community to arrange for the prompt adoption, by Empresas
Multinacionales de Satelites Andinos, of the regulatory framework for
the establishment, operation and use of satellite systems, which is
required for the final implementation of the "Simo'n Boli'var"
Satellite Project.

Inter-American Development Bank:  Andean Advisory Group

     The Andean Presidents instruct the Andean Council of Ministers for
Foreign Affairs to request the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
to organize an Andean Advisory Group consisting of multilateral
organizations, international agencies and donor countries to assist
the Andean countries and the Andean Integration System in coordinating
and managing technical cooperation.

Ninth session of the United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development

     The Andean Presidents emphasize that the ninth session of the
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) offers a
good opportunity to promote the interests of the subregion through the
adoption of measures concerning commodities, trade facilitation,
agriculture, services and trade efficiency.  They support the current
process of reforming UNCTAD.

First meeting of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial
Conference

     The Andean Presidents highlight the importance of the first
meeting of the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference, which
will take place in Singapore at the end of 1996, and the importance of
convening a regional preparatory meeting to prepare a Latin American
position on the agenda for that meeting.  They instruct the Andean
Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs and the Commission to take
the appropriate steps.

Health

     The Andean Presidents call for the coordination of measures to
promote the development of health care systems and services, reduce
maternal and infant mortality and to foster health promotion and
protection and disease prevention and control.

Cultural cooperation

     The Andean Presidents encourage ongoing coordination among the
member countries to facilitate and carry out cultural exchange
policies and programmes.  They agree to promote closer relations among
their respective national agencies in order to foster specific actions
to promote closer ties among their peoples and a better understanding
of their cultural values and forms of expression.

     They also agree to adopt effective measures to protect their
peoples' cultural heritage and to preserve the material evidence of
their history, the roots of which are common to all of them, through
coordination among the respective national sectors in charge of this
area.

     They instruct the Andean Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs
to convene a meeting of ministers or other cultural affairs
authorities of the member countries to consider specific measures to
meet the aforesaid objectives.

Science and technology

     The Andean Presidents support the convening of the First Meeting
of Ministers Responsible for Science and Technology in the Hemisphere,
to be held this month in Cartagena, Colombia.

Inclusion of Panama

     The Andean Presidents wish to place on record that they would be
pleased to have Panama formally join the Andean Community.  They
appreciate the Panamanian President's offer to provide an area in his
country for the installation of a centre for comprehensive action to
fight drug trafficking.

Venue of the next meeting

     The Andean Presidents accept the Bolivian Government's offer to
host the ninth regular meeting of the Andean Presidential Council in
the first quarter of 1997.

     The Presidents of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Panama and the
Personal Representative of the President of Venezuela are especially
grateful to President Alberto Fujimori and to the people of Peru for
the warm hospitality extended to them during their stay in Trujillo.


     In witness whereof, they sign this Act on 10 March 1996.


(Signed)  Gonzalo SA'NCHEZ DE LOZADA       (Signed)  Ernesto SAMPER PIZANO
  President of Bolivia                      President of Colombia

(Signed)  Sixto DURA'N-BALLE'N CORDOVEZ    (Signed)  Alberto FUJIMORI FUJIMORI
  President of Ecuador                      President of Peru

(Signed)  Miguel A'ngel BURELLI RIVAS
  Personal Representative of
  the President of Venezuela

(Signed)  Ernesto PE'REZ BALLADARES
  President of Panama
  Observer


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