United Nations

A/51/76/Add.1


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

27 September 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH/FRENCH


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 97 (a)


           ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:  IMPLEMENTATION OF
           THE DECISIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS
                   CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT

                         Note by the Secretary-General

                                   Addendum


     The ninth session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee
for the Elaboration of an International Convention to Combat
Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
Desertification, Particularly in Africa, was held in New York from 3
to 13 September 1996.  The Secretary-General has the honour to submit
to the General Assembly, annexed to the present note, the report on
that session.


                                     ANNEX

            Report of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for
            the Elaboration of an International Convention to Combat
            Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious
            Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa,
                             on its ninth session


                                   CONTENTS

                                                              Paragraphs Page

 I.   INTRODUCTION .........................................      1         4

II.   ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS ...............................    2 - 13      4

      A.  Officers of the Committee ........................    2 - 3       4

      B.  Adoption of the agenda ...........................      4         5

      C.  Attendance .......................................    5 - 10      5

      D.  Documentation ....................................     11         6

      E.  Accreditation of non-governmental organizations ..   12 - 13      7

III.  PREPARATIONS FOR THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES .......   14 - 29      7

      A.  Decisions considered without reference to a 
          working group ....................................   15 - 19      7

      B.  Recommendations of Working Group I ...............   20 - 23      8

      C.  Recommendations of Working Group II ..............   24 - 29      8

IV.   SPECIAL ACTION .......................................   30 - 31      9

 V.   STATUS OF SIGNATURE AND RATIFICATION OF THE CONVENTION   32 - 33      9

VI.   REVIEW OF THE SITUATION AS REGARDS EXTRABUDGETARY
      FUNDS ................................................   34 - 37     10

VII.  PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE TENTH SESSION .............     38        10

VIII. ADOPTION OF THE REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON ITS NINTH
      SESSION ..............................................     39        10

                                  Appendices

 I.   List of documents before the Committee at its ninth session ......   11

II.   Decisions adopted by the Committee at its ninth session..........    14

III.  Conclusions by the Chairman on the question of special action....    45

IV.   Provisional agenda for the tenth session of the Committee ........   48


                               I.  INTRODUCTION


                      Opening and duration of the session

1.   The ninth session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee
for the Elaboration of an International Convention to Combat
Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
Desertification, Particularly in Africa, was held in New York from 3
to 13 September 1996.  The session was convened in accordance with
paragraph 3 of General Assembly resolution 50/112 of 20 December 1995
entitled "Elaboration of an international convention to combat
desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or
desertification, particularly in Africa".  At its ninth session, the
Committee held six meetings (1st to 6th). 


                          II.  ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS

                         A.  Officers of the Committee

2.   At its 2nd meeting, on 6 September, the Committee was informed
that Ms. A. K. Ahuja (India), Vice-Chairman of the Committee, and
Mr. Nikita F. Glazovsky (Russian Federation), Rapporteur of the
Committee, were unable to continue their functions on the Bureau.  The
Committee thereupon elected Mr. Alok Jain (India) as Vice-Chairman and
Mr. Anatoli M. Ovchinnikov (Uzbekistan) as Rapporteur by acclamation. 
The Committee then elected by acclamation Mr. Samvel Baloyan (Armenia)
as Vice-Chairman of Working Group II to replace Mr. Ovchinnikov
(Uzbekistan).

3.   The Bureau of the Committee, as elected at its sixth, eighth and
ninth sessions, is as follows:

     Chairman:  Mr. Bo Kjelle'n (Sweden)

     Vice-Chairmen:  Mr. Rene' Vale'ry Mongbe (Benin)
                     Mr. Alok Jain (India)
                     Mr. Jose' Urrutia (Peru)

     Rapporteur:  Mr. Anatoli M. Ovchinnikov (Uzbekistan)

Working Group I

     Chairman:  Mr. Mohamed Mahmoud Ould El Ghaouth (Mauritania)

     Vice-Chairmen:  Mr. Mohammad Reza H. K. Jabbary (Islamic Republic of
                     Iran)
                     Mr. Erwin Orti'z-Gandarillas (Bolivia)
                     Mr. Franklin C. Moore (United States of America)

Working Group II

     Chairman:  Mr. Takao Shibata (Japan)

     Vice-Chairmen:  Mr. David Etuket (Uganda)
                     Mr. Samvel Baloyan (Armenia)


                          B.  Adoption of the agenda

4.   At its 1st meeting, on 3 September, the Committee adopted the
following agenda:

     1.  Adoption of the agenda and organization of work.

     2.  Preparation for the Conference of the Parties.

     3.  Special action:

         (a)  Urgent action for Africa;

         (b)   Action taken in the Asian, Latin American and the
               Caribbean, and Northern Mediterranean regions.

     4.  Status of signature and ratification of the Convention.

     5.  Review of the situation as regards extrabudgetary funds.

     6.  Adoption of the provisional agenda for the tenth session.

     7.  Adoption of the report of the Committee on its ninth session.


                                C.  Attendance

5.   Representatives of the following States attended the session: 
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia,
Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana,
Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African
Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark,
Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Finland, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Holy
See, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Ireland,
Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakstan, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia,
Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua,
Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Portugal,
Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, South
Africa, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab
Republic, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda,
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic
of Tanzania, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezeula,
Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

6.   Palestine was also represented.

7.   The following United Nations offices and organs were represented: 
United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Sudano-Sahelian
Office and United Nations Environment Programme.

8.   The following specialized agencies and other organizations of the
United Nations system were represented:  Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization, World Bank, World Meteorological
Organization, International Fund for Agricultural Development and
Global Environment Facility.

9.   The following intergovernmental organizations were represented: 
Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation, Asia-Africa Legal
Consultative Committee, Commission of the European Communities,
Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Organisation for Economic
Cooperation and Development, Organization of African Unity, Permanent
Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, Sahara and
Sahel Observatory and Southern African Development Community.

10.  The following non-governmental organizations were represented: 
Action sur la lutte contre la de'sertification au Sahel, Actions pour
le de'veloppement rural inte'gre', Association pour la protection de
la nature et de l'environnement de Kairouan, Association pour la
protection de la nature, Australian Council for Overseas Aid, Benin
21, Both Ends, Centre africain d'assistance de protection de
l'environnement au Sahel, Christian Service Committee of the Churches
in Malawi, Comite' Nacional Pro Defensa de la Fauna y Flora, Comite'
de coordination des actions des organisations non-gouvernementales au
Mali, Confe'de'ration des ONG d'environnement de l'Afrique centrale,
Coope'rative d'agriculture et d'e'levage de reboisement de Bareina,
DARNA, Desert Research Foundation of Namibia, Environnement Liaison
Centre International, Environnement et de'veloppement du tiers-monde,
Environmental Policy and Society, Environmental Monitoring Group,
Environmentalist Society, Esquel Group Foundation, European
Environmental Bureau, Felege Guihon International, Fundacio'n del Sur,
Friends World Committee for Consultation - Quakers, Guamina, Guine'e-
Ecologie, International Synergy Institute, Instituto de Prehistoria
Antropologia e Ecologia, Friends of the Earth, Natural Heritage
Institute, Naurzum - Non-governmental Ecological Organization,
Nigerian Environmental Study/Action Team, Espoir, Private voluntary
organizations/NGOs/natural resource management services (World
Learning Inc.), Projektstelle Umwelt und Entwicklung, Sahel De'fis,
Society for Conservation and Protection of the Environment,
Solidarite' Canada Sahel, Stockholm Environment Institute, Tema - The
Turkish Foundation for Combating Soil Erosion, for Reforestation and
the Protection of Natural Habitats, Uganda Women Tree Planting
Movement, Wilderness Society, Youth for Action, Zambia Alliance of
Women and Zero-Zimbabwe.


                               D.  Documentation

11.  The documents before the Committee at its ninth session are listed
in appendix I to the present report.


              E.  Accreditation of non-governmental organizations

12.  At its 2nd meeting, on 6 September, the Committee, bearing in mind
paragraph 19 of General Assembly resolution 47/188 of 22 December 1992
and rule 49 of the rules of procedure of the Committee (A/AC.241/3),
decided to approve the accreditation of the non-governmental
organizations listed in document A/AC.241/9/Add.12 (see appendix II,
decision 9/1).

13.  At its 2nd and 3rd meetings, on 6 and 11 September, statements
were made by the representative of the United States of America.


             III.  PREPARATIONS FOR THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES

14.  At the 6th meeting, on 13 September, the Committee considered the
question of preparation for the Conference of the Parties (agenda item
2).  The item was also allocated to Working Groups I and II for
in-depth consideration.


         A.  Decisions considered without reference to a working group

15.  At the 6th meeting, the Chairman of the Committee introduced four
draft decisions which he submitted on the basis of informal
consultations.

Draft decision A/AC.241/L.31

16.  The Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/L.31) entitled
"Designation of a permanent secretariat and arrangements for its
functioning:  physical location" (see appendix II, decision 9/2).

Draft decision A/AC.241/L.32

17.  Following a statement by the representative of the Netherlands,
the Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/L.32) entitled "Venue
of the first session of the Conference of the Parties" (see appendix
II, decision 9/3).

Draft decision A/AC.241/L.33

18.  The Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/L.33) entitled
"Maintenance of the interim arrangements to support the Convention
beyond the first Conference of the Parties", as orally revised by the
Chairman (see appendix II, decision 9/4).

Draft decision A/AC.241/L.34

19.  The Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/L.34) entitled
"Organization of the future work of the Committee" (see appendix II,
decision 9/5).


                    B.  Recommendations of Working Group I

20.  Also at the 6th meeting, the Chairman of Working Group I,
Mr. Mohamed Mahmoud Ould El Ghaouth (Mauritania), reported on the
outcome of the deliberations in that Working Group and introduced
three draft decisions which were recommended by the Working Group for
adoption by the Committee.

Identification of an organization to house the global mechanism

21.  Following statements by the Netherlands, France, Mexico, the
Russian Federation and the Chairman of Working Group I, the Committee
adopted a draft decision entitled "Identification of an organization
to house the global mechanism", as orally revised during the
discussion (see appendix II, decision 9/6).

Designation of a permanent secretariat and arrangements for its
functioning:  administrative arrangements

22.  The Committee adopted a draft decision entitled "Designation of a
permanent secretariat and arrangements for its functioning: 
administrative arrangements" (see appendix II, decision 9/7).

Draft financial rules of the Conference of the Parties, its subsidiary
bodies and the permanent secretariat

23.  The Committee adopted a draft decision entitled "Draft financial
rules of the Conference of the Parties, its subsidiary bodies and the
permanent secretariat" (see appendix II, decision 9/8).


                    C.  Recommendations of Working Group II

24.  Also at the 6th meeting, the Chairman of Working Group II,
Mr. Takao Shibata (Japan), reported on the outcome of the
deliberations in that Working Group and introduced five draft
decisions which were recommended by the Working Group for adoption by
the Committee.

Draft decision A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.1

25.  The Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.1)
entitled "Procedures for communication of information and review of
implementation" (see appendix II, decision 9/9).

Draft decision A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.2

26.  Following a statement by the representative of Spain, the
Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.2) entitled
"Organization of scientific and technological cooperation" (see
appendix II, decision 9/10).

Draft decision A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.3

27.  The Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.3)
entitled "Draft recommendation to the Conference of the Parties on the
programme of work of the Committee on Science and Technology" (see
appendix II, decision 9/11).

Draft decision A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.4

28.  The Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.4)
entitled "Report on work being done on benchmarks and indicators to
measure progress in the implementation of the Convention" (see
appendix II, decision 9/12).

Draft decision A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.5

29.  Following a statement by the representative of Spain, the
Committee adopted a draft decision (A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.5) entitled
"Draft rules of procedure of the Conference of the Parties" (see
appendix II, decision 9/13).


                              IV.  SPECIAL ACTION

30.  The Committee held a discussion on the question of special action: 
urgent action for Africa (item 3 (a)) and action taken in other
regions (agenda item 3 (b)) at its 3rd to 5th meetings, on 11 and 12
September 1996.

31.  A paper reflecting the conclusions of the Chairman on the
consideration of the item is contained in appendix III to the present
report.


          V.  STATUS OF SIGNATURE AND RATIFICATION OF THE CONVENTION

32.  The Committee considered the question of the status of signature
and ratification of the Convention (agenda item 4) at its 1st and 2nd
meetings, on 3 and 6 September 1996.

33.  The Executive Secretary informed the Committee that 45 countries
had ratified or acceded to the Convention.  The following countries
deposited their instruments of ratification or accession during or
just before the ninth session of the Committee:  Benin (29 August
1996), Norway (30 August 1996), Mongolia (3 September 1996), Central
African Republic (5 September 1996), Gabon (accession 6 September
1996) and Botswana (11 September 1996).  The Executive Secretary
stressed the satisfaction of the Secretariat with the actual pace of
ratifications and accessions that would enable the first Conference of
the Parties to be held in 1997.  In his concluding remarks, he made an
appeal to those countries that had not yet ratified or acceded to the
Convention to do so as soon as possible, in order to be able to
participate in the first Conference of the Parties as parties to the
Convention.  Finally, he thanked the Government of Italy for its
generous offer to host the first Conference of Parties and the Food
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for its offer
to provide services and facilities for the Conference.


         VI.  REVIEW OF THE SITUATION AS REGARDS EXTRABUDGETARY FUNDS

34.  The Committee considered the question of the review of the
situation as regards extrabudgetary funds (agenda item 5) at its 2nd
and 6th meetings, on  6 and 13 September 1996.

35.  In addressing the Committee, the Executive Secretary introduced
the note by the Secretariat on the review of the situation as regards
extrabudgetary funds (A/AC.241/59 and Add.1) which presented,
respectively, the status of resources from both the regular budget and
extrabudgetary sources and the list of countries that participated in
the ninth session of the Committee through funding from the Special
Voluntary Fund.  In his statement, the Executive Secretary also
informed the Committee on the activities undertaken by the Secretariat
and projects to be carried out before the end of the year in areas
such as national awareness seminars, the subregional and regional
consultation processes and the public information programme of the
Convention.

36.  The representative of Greece, speaking on behalf of the States
members of the United Nations that are members of the Organisation for
Economic Cooperation and Development, expressed satisfaction with the
quality and clarity of the document prepared by the Secretariat and
requested it to include a work programme in its future documentation
under the item.  He also requested clarification regarding the level
of resources allocated to consultancies under the regular budget as
well as on the nature of grants reported under the Trust Fund.

37.  In his concluding remarks, the Executive Secretary thanked the
countries that contributed to the funds of the Committee for their
generosity, stressing the importance of their support, and confirmed
that future documentation under the item would include a description
of the work programme of the Secretariat on an annual basis.


                VII.  PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE TENTH SESSION

38.  At the 6th meeting, on 13 September, the Committee approved a
draft provisional agenda for its tenth session (see appendix IV).


             VIII.  ADOPTION OF THE REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON ITS
                    NINTH SESSION                                 

39.  At the 6th meeting, on 13 September, the Committee adopted its
draft report as contained in document A/AC.241/L.30 and authorized the
Rapporteur to finalize it by incorporating in it the proceedings of
the meetings held and decisions taken at the final meetings of the
session.

                                  APPENDIX I

          List of documents before the Committee at its ninth session

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Document symbol      Agenda item             Title or description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A/AC.241/9/Add.12       1            List of non-governmental organizations
                                     recommended for accreditation by the
                                     Committee

A/AC.241/45/Rev.1       2            Note by the Secretariat on the draft
                                     financial rules of the Conference of the
                                     Parties, its subsidiary bodies and the
                                     permanent secretariat

A/AC.241/48/Rev.1       2            Note by the Secretariat on the draft
                                     rules of procedure of the Conference of
                                     the Parties

A/AC.241/49/Rev.1*      2            Note by the Secretariat on the procedures
(*  Reissued for                     for communication of information and
technical reasons.)                  review of implementation

A/AC.241/53 and         1            Provisional agenda for the ninth
Corr.1                               session

A/AC.241/54             2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     designation of a permanent secretariat
                                     and arrangements for its functioning: 
                                     physical location

A/AC.241/54/Add.1       2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     designation of a permanent secretariat
                                     and arrangements for its functioning: 
                                     physical location - Offer of the
                                     Government of Canada

A/AC.241/54/Add.2       2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     designation of a permanent secretariat
                                     and arrangements for its functioning: 
                                     physical location - Offer of the
                                     Government of Germany

A/AC.241/54/Add.3       2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     designation of a permanent secretariat
                                     and arrangements for its functioning: 
                                     physical location - Offer of the
                                     Government of Spain

A/AC.241/55             2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     designation of a permanent secretariat
                                     and arrangements for its functioning: 
                                     administrative arrangements

A/AC.241/55/Add.1       2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     designation of a permanent secretariat
                                     and arrangements for its functioning: 
                                     administrative arrangements - Offer of
                                     the United Nations Development Programme

A/AC.241/55/Add.2       2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     designation of a permanent secretariat
                                     and arrangements for its functioning: 
                                     administrative arrangements - Offer of
                                     the United Nations Environment Programme

A/AC.241/55/Add.3       2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     designation of a permanent secretariat
                                     and arrangements for its functioning: 
                                     administrative arrangements - Offer of
                                     the World Meteorological Organization

A/AC.241/56             2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     identification of an organization to
                                     house the Global Mechanism

A/AC.241/57             2            Note by the Secretariat on the
                                     organization of scientific and technical
                                     cooperation

A/AC.241/58             2            Note by the Secretariat reporting on work
                                     being done on benchmarks and indicators
                                     to measure progress in the implementation
                                     of the Convention

A/AC.241/59 and Add.1   5            Note by the Secretariat on the review of
                                     the situation as regards extrabudgetary
                                     funds

A/AC.241/60             3            Letter dated 14 February 1996 from the
                                     Deputy Permanent Representative of the
                                     Permanent Mission of the Russian
                                     Federation to the United Nations Office
                                     at Geneva addressed to the Chairman of
                                     the Committee

A/AC.241/61             3            Note verbale dated 9 September 1996 from
                                     the Permanent Mission of Mexico to the
                                     United Nations addressed to the United
                                     Nations Secretariat

A/AC.241/L.30           7            Draft report of the Committee on its
                                     ninth session

A/AC.241/L.31           2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman,
                                     entitled "Designation of a permanent
                                     secretariat and arrangements for its
                                     functions:  physical location"

A/AC.241/L.32           2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman,
                                     entitled "Venue of the first session of
                                     the Conference of the Parties"

A/AC.241/L.33           2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman,
                                     entitled "Maintenance of the interim
                                     arrangements to support the Convention
                                     beyond the first Conference of the
                                     Parties" 

A/AC.241/L.34           2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman,
                                     entitled "Organization of the future work
                                     of the Committee"

A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.1  2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman
                                     of Working Group II, entitled "Procedures
                                     for communication of information and
                                     review of implementation"

A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.2  2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman
                                     of Working Group II, entitled
                                     "Organization of scientific and
                                     technological cooperation"

A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.3  2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman
                                     of Working Group II, entitled "Draft
                                     recommendation to the Conference of the
                                     Parties on the programme of work of the
                                     Committee on Science and Technology"

A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.4  2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman
                                     of Working Group II, entitled "Report on
                                     work being done on benchmarks and
                                     indicators to measure progress in the
                                     implementation of the Convention"

A/AC.241/WG.II(IX)/L.5  2            Draft decision submitted by the Chairman
                                     of Working Group II, entitled "Draft
                                     rules of procedure of the Conference of 
                                     the Parties"


                                  Appendix II

            Decisions adopted by the Committee at its ninth session


                                 Decision 9/1

                Accreditation of non-governmental organizations

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee, bearing in mind
paragraph 19 of General Assembly resolution 47/188 of 22 December 1992
and rule 49 of the rules of procedure of the Committee (A/AC.241/3),
decides to approve the accreditation of the following non-governmental
organizations:

     Action pour la lutte contre la de'sertification au Sahel (ALUDES)
     Afrique environnementale (AE), Centre africain de protection
     environnementale
     Agriculture and Environmental Development Foundation
     Amicale des Forestie`res du Burkina Faso (AMI.FO.B)
     Association des femmes africaines pour la recherche et le de'veloppement
     (AFARD-CAMEROUN)
     Association peuples culture de'veloppement (ACPCD)
     Association pour la protection de la nature et de l'environnement de
     Kairouan (APNEK)
     Association pour la sante' de la me`re, du nouveau-ne' et de L'enfant
     (ASMENE)
     Bina Swada - Community Self-reliance Development Agency
     Contribution au de'veloppement rural (CDE)
     DARNA
     Desert Research Foundation of Namibia
     Energies-eau-environnement pour le de'veloppement (D-3E)
     Entreprenariat de'veloppement environnement nutrition (EDEN)
     Espoir
     Fe'de'ration des associations du Fouta pour le de'veloppement (FAD)
     Felege Guihon International
     Fondation centrafricaine pour la sauvegarde des ressources naturelles
     (FOCSARENA)
     Fundacio'n para el Desarrollo en Justicia y Paz (FUNDAPAZ)
     Groupe de recherches et d'applications techniques (GRAT)
     Hope for Women
     Islamic Relief Association (ISRA)
     Les Amis de la Terre - Benin
     Naurzum - Non-governmental Ecological Organization
     Pastoral and Environmental Network in the Horn of Africa (PENHA)
     People In Action
     Project Earth Action - Congo
     Saviya Development Foundation
     Vent-soleil-environnement et developpement (VESEDI)
     Vernot Environment
     Women for Sustainable Development


                                 Decision 9/2

            Designation of a permanent secretariat and arrangements
                    for its functioning:  physical location

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     Noting with gratitude the offers of the Governments of Canada,
Germany and Spain, contained in documents A/AC.241/55/Add.1,
A/AC.241/55/Add.2 and A/AC.241/55/Add.3, to host the permanent
secretariat at Montreal, Bonn and Murcia, respectively,

     1.  Requests the Chairman of the Committee to establish a contact
group, which will have appropriate participation by the Governments of
Canada, Germany and Spain, to clarify these offers as necessary and to
discuss appropriate procedures enabling the first session of the
Conference of the Parties to take a decision on this matter;

     2.  Requests the Secretariat to present, in consultation with the
three Governments concerned, for consideration at the tenth session of
the Committee, a document comparing the major elements of the three
offers;

     3.  Decides to consider this item further in plenary meetings at
its tenth session on the basis of the deliberations of the contact
group established in accordance with paragraph 1 above and the
document requested in paragraph 2 above.


                                 Decision 9/3

          Venue of the first session of the Conference of the Parties

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee, 

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 40/243 of 12 December 1985,

     Noting with appreciation and satisfaction the invitation of the
Government of Italy to host the first session of the Conference of the
Parties in Rome,

     Noting also the offer of the Food and Agriculture Organization of
the United Nations of services and facilities for the first session of
the Conference of the Parties,

     1.  Decides to accept the invitation of the Government of Italy
and the offer of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations;

     2.  Decides also that the venue of the first session of the
Conference of the Parties shall be Rome, and that the dates will be
determined at a later stage.


                                 Decision 9/4

       Maintenance of the interim arrangements to support the Convention
                  beyond the first Conference of the Parties

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 49/234 of 23 December 1994,

     1.  Recommends to the General Assembly that it maintain the
arrangements within the current programme budget for the interim
secretariat of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to support
the Convention until 31 December 1998 and to maintain the
extrabudgetary funds;

     2.  Recommends also, in the same context, to include in the
calendar of conferences and meetings for 1997-1998 the sessions of the
Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies that the
Conference may need to convene;

     3.  Requests the General Assembly to consider supporting the
Convention and its interim secretariat in the calendar year 1998,
including appropriate conference-servicing costs, within the funding
levels contained in the Secretary-General's proposed programme budget
for the biennium 1998-1999.


                                 Decision 9/5

               Organization of the future work of the Committee

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 50/112 of 20 December 1995,

     Taking into account the need for efficient preparation of the
first session of the Conference of the Parties,

     Noting that the first session of the Conference will be held not
earlier than September 1997,

     1.  Decides that the tenth session of the Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee should aim at finalizing all outstanding
negotiating issues and that the negotiations of the two working groups
should be concluded at that session;

     2.  Further decides that the programme of work of the tenth
session of the Committee be structured in such a way that there will
be sufficient time for group consultations at the very beginning of
the session;

     3.  Authorizes the Chairman of the Committee to organize such
consultations in the period after the tenth session of the Committee
as he deems necessary for the appropriate preparation of the first
Conference of the Parties.


                                 Decision 9/6

        Identification of an organization to house the global mechanism

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for the Elaboration of
an International Convention to Combat Desertification in Those
Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification,
Particularly in Africa, decides to transmit the text in annex I to
this decision on the functions of the global mechanism and the
criteria for selecting an institution to house it to the Committee at
its tenth session for further consideration, particularly its section
A, paragraph 4.


                                    Annex I

                [FUNCTIONS OF THE GLOBAL MECHANISM AND CRITERIA
                   FOR SELECTING AN INSTITUTION TO HOUSE IT

                     A.  Functions of the global mechanism

     In order to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of existing
financial mechanisms, a global mechanism is established to promote
actions leading to the mobilization and channelling of substantial
financial resources.

     In accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, in
particular articles 7, 20 and 21, and the financial provisions of
relevant regional implementation annexes, the global mechanism shall
function under the authority and guidance of the Conference of the
Parties, including on policies, operational modalities and activities,
and be accountable and make regular reports to it, according to the
principles of transparency, neutrality and universality.  The global
mechanism, in carrying out its mandate under article 21, paragraph 4, 
should perform the following functions:


                 1.  Collecting and disseminating information

     (a) Identify potential sources of financing from bilateral
donors, the United Nations system, multilateral financial
institutions, regional and subregional financial mechanisms, and non-
governmental organizations, foundations and other private sector
entities, and establish relationships and maintain contacts with them.

     (b) Establish and update an inventory of the financial needs of
affected developing country Parties for carrying out action
programmes, as well as other relevant activities related to the
implementation of the Convention, on the basis of information provided
under relevant articles of the Convention.

     (c) Identify and draw up an inventory of relevant bilateral and
multilateral cooperation programmes and available financial resources
in the form of a comprehensive database, incorporating information
both from Parties and from various financial mechanisms, comprising:

     (i) Sources of available financing through bilateral and
         multilateral agencies, including their funding patterns and
         eligibility criteria, using reports to the Conference of the
         Parties by Parties and all other available data;

    (ii) Sources of financing from non-governmental organizations,
         foundations, academic institutions and other private sector
         entities that might be encouraged to provide funding,
         including their funding patterns and eligibility criteria;

   (iii) National funding in affected country Parties to finance
         actions designed to combat desertification and/or mitigate
         the effects of drought.

     (d) Disseminate information collected in accordance with
paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) to Parties on a regular basis and make it
available, on request, to interested intergovernmental and non-
governmental organizations.


                     2.  Analysing and advising on request

     (a) Promote the matching of available resources to the projects
and programmes of affected developing countries related to combating
desertification, including assisting them to find new and additional
resources for the implementation of the Convention.

     (b) Analyse and provide advice on sources of financial assistance
and on mechanisms to channel resources to the local, national and
subregional levels, including through non-governmental organizations
and private sector entities.

     (c) Provide advice on the establishment, financing and management
of national desertification funds.

     (d) Identify, promote and provide advice about innovative methods
and incentives for mobilizing and channelling resources.


         3.  Promoting actions leading to cooperation and coordination

     (a) Disseminate information it collects so as to facilitate the
assessment of, and exchange of information on, the effectiveness of
financial assistance, including its accessibility, predictability,
flexibility, quality and local-level orientation.

     (b) Provide identified United Nations agencies, funds and
programmes, and multilateral financial institutions, with information
and stimulate coordination among them, including in multiple-source
financing.

     (c) Encourage, and facilitate coordination through the provision
of information and other measures concerning relevant multiple-source
financing approaches, mechanisms and arrangements, such as co-
financing, parallel financing, consortia and joint programmes.

     (d) Increase awareness of the Convention, and promote the
participation in its implementation, of identified foundations,
academic institutions, non-governmental organizations and other
private sector entities and facilitate contacts with them by
interested Parties, in order to contribute to the mobilization and
channelling of substantial financial resources.

     (e) Provide information, making use of the Conference of the
Parties and other relevant existing forums, that will: 

     (i) Facilitate discussion of relevant issues in the governing
         bodies of multilateral financial institutions;

    (ii) Inform Parties about the eligibility criteria and projects of
         international financial instruments and mechanisms, including
         particularly the Global Environment Facility (GEF), as they
         relate to implementation of the Convention;

   (iii) Inform affected country Parties about each other's relevant
         activities; 

    (iv) Disseminate methodologies developed by Parties to identify
         and prioritize the financial needs of action programmes at
         all levels;

     (v) Promote full use and continued improvement of the funding
         sources to be utilized for the implementation of the
         Convention referred to in relevant articles of the
         Convention.

     (f) Identify and then provide information and advice on financing
sources for the transfer, acquisition, adaptation and development of
environmentally sound, economically viable and socially acceptable
technologies relevant to combating desertification and/or mitigating
the effects of drought.

     (g) Promote partnership building as it relates to the support of
the mobilization of financial resources for the implementation of the
Convention at the local, national, subregional and regional levels.

     (h) Facilitate the financing of information exchange on best
practices utilized in combating desertification and/or mitigating the
effects of drought at the local level in affected developing country
Parties.


       [4.  Mobilizing and channelling financial resources to all levels

     (a) Mobilize adequate and substantial financial resources,
including new and additional resources, on a grant or, if necessary,
concessional basis, to fund activities under action programmes of
affected developing country Parties, particularly those in Africa, at
all levels in conformity with the Convention and with the particular
conditions of the regions of relevant regional implementation annexes.

     (b) Channel these resources, including its own resources, in a
predictable and timely fashion to national, subregional and regional
levels through trust funds and other mechanisms.

     (c) Increase the efficiency and effectiveness of existing
financial mechanisms and collaborate with them to facilitate and
catalyse the mobilization and channelling by them of adequate and
substantial financial resources, including new and additional
resources, for implementation of the Convention.

     (d) Promote and facilitate, through the actions in paragraphs (a)
to (c): 

     (i) The transfer, acquisition, adaptation and development of
         environmentally sound, economically viable and socially
         acceptable technologies relevant to combating desertification
         and/or mitigating the effects of drought in affected
         developing countries;

    (ii) The use of indigenous knowledge and technologies, as well as
         local expertise, at all levels in affected developing
         countries.]

                                      OR

         [4.  Promote actions leading to the mobilization and channelling
              of financial resources to all levels

     (a) Facilitate the mobilization of substantial financial
resources, including new and additional resources, as provided for in
article 20, paragraph 2 (b), on a grant or, if necessary, concessional
basis, to fund activities under action programmes of affected
developing country Parties, particularly those in Africa, at all
levels in conformity with the Convention and with the particular
conditions of the regions of relevant regional implementation annexes.

     (b) Facilitate the channelling of these resources in a
predictable and timely fashion to national, subregional and regional
levels through national desertification funds and other mechanisms.

     (c) Promote and facilitate, through the actions in paragraphs (a)
and (b): 
     (i) The transfer, acquisition, adaptation and development of
         environmentally sound, economically viable and socially
         acceptable technologies relevant to combating desertification
         and/or mitigating the effects of drought in affected
         developing countries; 

    (ii) The use of indigenous and traditional knowledge and
         technologies, as well as local expertise, at all levels in
         affected developing countries.]

                                      OR

           [4.  Mobilization and channelling of financial resources

     (a) Promote actions leading to the mobilization and channelling
of financial resources to all levels in accordance with the provisions
of the Convention by:

     (i) Ensuring that adequate financial resources are available for
         programmes to combat desertification and mitigate the effects
         of drought;

    (ii) Mobilizing substantial financial resources, including grants
         and concessional loans, in order to support the
         implementation of programmes to combat desertification and
         mitigate the effects of drought;

   (iii) Mobilizing adequate, timely and predictable financial
         resources, including new and additional funding from the
         Global Environment Facility of the agreed incremental costs
         of those activities concerning desertification that relate to
         its four focal areas, in conformity with the relevant
         provisions of the Instrument establishing the Global
         Environment Facility; 

    (iv) Channelling these resources, including other resources made
         available through its activities, in a predictable and timely
         fashion to national, subregional and regional levels through
         trust funds and other mechanisms.

     (b) Increase the efficiency and effectiveness of existing
financial mechanisms and collaborate with them to facilitate and
catalyse the mobilization and channelling by them of adequate and
substantial financial resources, including new and additional
resources, for implementation of the Convention.

     (c) Promote and facilitate, through the actions in paragraphs (a)
and (b):

     (i) The transfer, acquisition, adaptation and development of
         environmentally sound, economically viable and socially
         acceptable technologies relevant to combating desertification
         and/or mitigating the effects of drought in affected
         developing countries, in conformity with the Convention; 

    (ii) The use of indigenous and traditional knowledge and
         technologies, as well as local expertise, at all levels in
         affected developing countries.]


                5.  Reporting to the Conference of the Parties

     (a) Provide reports to the sessions of the Conference of the
Parties on its activities, including in those reports the following:

     (i) The operations and activities of the global mechanism,
         including the effectiveness of its activities in promoting
         the mobilization and channelling of the substantial financial
         resources referred to in paragraph 4 (a) above to affected
         developing country Parties; 

    (ii) The assessment of future availability of funds for
         implementation of the Convention, as well as assessment and
         proposals for effective ways and means of providing such
         funds. 


                B.  Criteria for selecting an institution to house
                    the global mechanism

                            1.  Functional capacity

     (a) Relevance of the mandate, general objectives and activities
of the institution to the overall objective of the global mechanism
"to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of existing financial
mechanisms", and to its mission "to promote actions leading to the
mobilization and channelling of substantial financial resources,
including for the transfer of technology, on a grant basis, and/or on
concessional or other terms, to affected developing country Parties".

     (b) Capacity of the institution to organize the global mechanism
to perform its functions efficiently in order to assist the Conference
of the Parties, as well as individual Parties and groups of Parties,
particularly those in Africa, to meet Convention obligations regarding
financing.

     (c) Modalities by which the institution would perform the
functions of the global mechanism, including necessary arrangements
with other entities.

     (d) Context which the institution offers for establishing
effective relationships with other relevant entities, including its
experience with, and knowledge of, operations of national, bilateral,
regional and multilateral financial institutions, as well as non-
governmental organizations and other private-sector entities.

     (e) Knowledge of the institution regarding desertification and
drought issues in all regions, and its experience working with
government, local communities, non-governmental organizations and
other entities in affected developing countries, particularly those in
Africa, in dryland management, local-area development and other
relevant fields.

     (f) Experience and capacity of the institution in supporting
research activities and in facilitating the transfer, acquisition,
adaptation and development of environmentally sound, economically
viable and socially acceptable technologies.

     (g) Experience and capacity of the institution to assist affected
developing countries Parties in dealing with poverty eradication and
development issues, in conformity with the priority to Africa accorded
in article 7 of the Convention.

     (h) Exhibition by the institution in practice of the principles
of transparency, neutrality and universality in its management and its
operations.


               2.  Relationship to the Conference of the Parties

     (a) Status of the global mechanism within the institution,
including organizational and administrative arrangements to ensure
accountability to the responsiveness of the Conference to Conference
guidelines.

     (b) Modalities of global mechanism accountability to the
Conference and reporting on global mechanism activities.

     (c) Procedures for the Conference to enter into agreements with
the institution regarding global mechanism functions and modalities,
including the nature, form and timing.


                     3.  Administrative and other support

     (a) Administrative infrastructure available to support activities
of the global mechanism, including location, office space, personnel,
financial, communications, information management and field office
frameworks.

     (b) Modalities of staffing the global mechanism. 

     (c) Projected costs of operation of the global mechanism, the
extent to which the institution would absorb them and the nature of
charges to the Conference of the Parties for costs not absorbed, if
any.]


                                 Decision 9/7

            Designation of a permanent secretariat and arrangements
               for its functioning:  administrative arrangements

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     (a) Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary General of the
United Nations, the Administrator of the United Nations Development
Programme, the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment
Programme and the Secretary General of the World Meteorological
Organization for their offers, contained in documents A/AC.241/44,
A/AC.241/55/Add.1, A/AC.241/55/Add.2 and A/AC.241/55/Add.3
respectively, to provide overall administrative support and/or support
services to the permanent secretariat of the Convention to Combat
Desertification.

     (b) Transmits to its tenth session for further consideration
document A/AC.241/WG.I(VII)/L.1 submitted by Uganda on behalf of the
States members of the United Nations that are members of the Group of
77 and China.

     (c) Invites members of the Intergovernmental Negotiating
Committee to submit to the Secretariat by 30 September 1996 any
questions they may have concerning the offers of the Secretary-General
of the United Nations and the Executive Director of the United Nations
Environment Programme to provide overall administrative support to the
permanent secretariat.

     (d) Requests the Secretariat to transmit these questions to the
Secretary-General of the United Nations and the Executive Director of
the United Nations Environment Programme and to compile the questions,
along with the answers provided, in a document to be considered at the
tenth session of the Committee.

     (e) Decides to consider at its tenth session the identification
of the institution to which the Conference of the Parties shall
institutionally link the permanent secretariat.


                                 Decision 9/8

            Draft financial rules of the Conference of the Parties,
              its subsidiary bodies and the permanent secretariat

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee, decides to transmit
to its tenth session for further consideration the draft text of the
financial rules of the Conference of the Parties, its subsidiary
bodies and the permanent secretariat contained in annex I.


                                    Annex I

             FINANCIAL RULES OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES, ITS
                SUBSIDIARY BODIES AND THE PERMANENT SECRETARIAT

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     Recalling its mandate to prepare for the first session of the
Conference of the Parties pursuant to General Assembly resolution
49/234 of 23 December 1994,

     Recommends that the Conference of the Parties adopt, at its first
session, the following decision regarding the financial rules of the
Conference of the Parties, its subsidiary bodies and the permanent
secretariat:


             Financial rules of the Conference of the Parties, its
                subsidiary bodies and the permanent secretariat

     The Conference of the Parties,

     Considering the provisions of the Convention, particularly article
22, paragraph 2 (e), which stipulates that the Conference of the
Parties shall adopt, at its first session, financial rules for itself
and any subsidiary bodies,

     Having examined the recommendations of the Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee on the financial rules of the Conference of the
Parties, its subsidiary bodies and the permanent secretariat,

     Decides to adopt the financial rules attached to the present
decision.


            Financial Rules for the Conference of the Parties to the
            United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in
            Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
            Desertification, Particularly in Africa, its subsidiary
                     bodies and the permanent secretariat

                                     Scope

1.   The present rules shall govern the financial administration of the
Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat
Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
Desertification, Particularly in Africa, its subsidiary bodies and the
permanent secretariat.  Insofar as not specifically provided by the
present rules, the Financial Regulations and Rules of [the relevant
institution] a/ [the United Nations] shall apply.


                               Financial period

2.   The financial period shall be a biennium, of which the first
calendar year shall be an even-numbered year.


                                  The budget

3.   The head of the permanent secretariat shall prepare the budget
estimates for the following biennium in United States dollars showing
projected income and expenditures for each year of the biennium
concerned.  The head of the permanent secretariat shall dispatch the
estimates to all Parties to the Convention at least ninety days before
the opening of the session of the Conference of the Parties at which
the budget is to be adopted.

4.   The Conference of the Parties shall, prior to the commencement of
the financial period that the budget covers, consider the budget
estimates and adopt by consensus a core budget authorizing
expenditures other than those referred to in paragraphs 9 and 10.

5.   Adoption of the core budget by the Conference of the Parties shall
constitute authority to the head of the permanent secretariat to incur
obligations and make payments for the purposes for which the
appropriations were approved and up to the amounts so approved,
provided always that, unless specifically authorized by the Conference
of the Parties, commitments shall be covered by related income.

6.   The head of the permanent secretariat may make transfers within
each of the main appropriation lines of the approved core budget.  The
head of the permanent secretariat may also make transfers between such
appropriation lines up to limits which the Conference of the Parties
may set as appropriate.


                                     Funds

7.   A General Fund for the Convention shall be established by [the
head of the relevant institution] [the Secretary-General of the United
Nations] and managed by the head of the permanent secretariat. 
Contributions made pursuant to paragraph 12 (a), along with any
additional contributions to offset core budget expenditures that are
made, pursuant to paragraphs 12 (b) and 12 (c), by the Government
hosting the permanent secretariat and by [the relevant institution]
[the United Nations] shall be credited to the General Fund.  All core
budget expenditures made pursuant to paragraph 5 shall be charged to
the General Fund.

8.   Within the General Fund there shall be maintained a working
capital reserve at a level to be determined from time to time by the
Conference of the Parties by consensus.  The purpose of the working
capital reserve shall be to ensure continuity of operations in the
event of a temporary shortfall of cash.  Drawdowns from the working
capital reserve shall be restored from contributions as soon as
possible.

9.   A Supplementary Fund shall be established by [the head of the
relevant institution] [the Secretary-General of the United Nations]
and managed by the head of the permanent secretariat.  The
Supplementary Fund shall receive contributions pursuant to paragraphs
12 (b) and (c), other than those specified in paragraphs 7 and 10,
including contributions earmarked, in accordance with paragraph 15,
for:

     (a) Support to the participation of some representatives of
non-governmental organizations from affected developing country
Parties, particularly the least developed among them, in sessions of
the Conference of the Parties;

     (b) Facilitation of assistance to affected developing countries
in accordance with article 23, paragraph 2 (c) and article 26,
paragraph 7, of the Convention;

     (c) Other appropriate purposes consistent with the objectives of
the Convention.

10.  A Special Fund shall be established by [the head of the relevant
institution] [the Secretary-General of the United Nations] and managed
by the head of the permanent secretariat.  The Special Fund shall
receive contributions pursuant to paragraphs 12 (b) and (c) earmarked
to support the participation of representatives of developing, and in
particular least developed, country Parties affected by
desertification and/or drought, particularly those in Africa, in the
sessions of the Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies.

11.  In the event that the Conference of the Parties decides to
terminate a fund established pursuant to the present rules, it shall
so advise [the head of the relevant institution] [the Secretary-
General of the United Nations] at least six months before the date of
termination so decided.  The Conference of the Parties shall decide,
in consultation with [the head of the relevant institution] [the
Secretary-General of the United Nations], on the distribution of any
uncommitted balances after all liquidation expenses have been met.


                                 Contributions

12.  The resources of the Conference of the Parties shall comprise:

     (a) Contributions made each year by Parties on the basis of an
indicative scale adopted by consensus by the Conference of the
Parties, and based on such a scale of assessments of the United
Nations as may be adopted from time to time by the General Assembly,
adjusted so as to ensure that no Party contributes less than
0.01 per cent of the total, that no one contribution exceeds
25 per cent of the total and that no contribution from a least
developed country Party exceeds 0.01 per cent of the total;

     (b) Other contributions made by Parties in addition to those made
pursuant to paragraph (a); 

     (c) Contributions from States not Parties to the Convention, as
well as governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations, and other sources;

     (d) The uncommitted balance of appropriations from previous
financial periods attributed to the fund concerned;

     (e) Miscellaneous income attributed to the fund concerned.

13.  The Conference of the Parties shall, in adopting the indicative
scale of contributions referred to in paragraph 12 (a), make
adjustments to take account of contributions of Parties which are not
members of the United Nations, as well as those of regional economic
integration organizations that are Parties.

14.  In respect of contributions made pursuant to paragraph 12 (a):

     (a) Contributions for each calendar year are expected on or
before 1 January of that year;

     (b) Each Party shall, as far in advance as possible of the date
due for the contribution, inform the head of the permanent secretariat
of the contribution it intends to make and of the projected timing of
that contribution.

15.  Contributions made pursuant to paragraphs 12 (b) and (c) shall be
used in accordance with such terms and conditions, consistent with the
objectives of the Convention, as may be agreed between the head of the
permanent secretariat and the contributor.  Contributions to the
Supplementary Fund referred to in paragraph 9 shall, as appropriate,
be placed in sub-accounts.

16.  Contributions made pursuant to paragraph 12 (a) from States and
regional economic integration organizations that become Parties to the
Convention after the beginning of a financial period shall be made pro
rata temporis for the balance of that financial period.  Consequent
adjustments shall be made at the end of each financial period for
other Parties.

17.  All contributions shall be paid in United States dollars or its
equivalent in a convertible currency into a bank account to be
designated by [the head of the relevant institution] [the Secretary-
General of the United Nations], in consultation with the head of the
permanent secretariat.

18.  The head of the permanent secretariat shall acknowledge promptly
all pledges and contributions and shall inform the Parties, once a
year, of the status of pledges and payments of contributions.

19.  Contributions not immediately required shall be invested at the
discretion of [the head of the relevant institution] [the Secretary-
General of the United Nations], in consultation with the head of the
permanent secretariat.  The resulting income shall be credited to the
appropriate fund or funds referred to in paragraphs 7, 9 and 10.


                              Accounts and audit

20.  The accounts and financial management of all funds governed by the
present rules shall be subject to the internal and external audit
process of [the relevant institution] [the United Nations].

21.  During the second year of the financial period [the relevant
institution] [the United Nations] shall provide the Parties with an
interim statement of accounts for the first year of the financial
period.  [The relevant institution] [The United Nations] shall also,
as soon as practicable, provide to the Parties a final audited
statement of accounts for the full financial period.

                         Administrative support costs

22.  The Conference of the Parties, under such terms as may from time
to time be mutually agreed upon between it and [the relevant
institution] [the United Nations], shall reimburse [the relevant
institution] [the United Nations] from the funds referred to in
paragraphs 7, 9 and 10, as the case may be for the purposes of
services rendered, including the administration of the relevant fund
by [the relevant institution] [the United Nations], to the Conference
of the Parties, its subsidiary bodies and the permanent secretariat.


                             [Decision procedures

23.  Decisions of the Conference of the Parties pursuant to paragraphs
[1,] 4, [6,] [8,] and 12 (a) shall be adopted [by consensus] [by
consensus whenever possible, and in the absence of consensus, as a
last resort, by a two-thirds majority of the Parties present and
voting at the session].]


                                  Amendments

24.  Any amendment to the present rules shall be adopted by the
Conference of the Parties by consensus.


                                 Decision 9/9

Procedures for communication of information and review of
implementation

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     Recalling its mandate to prepare for the first session of the
Conference of the Parties pursuant to General Assembly resolution
49/234 of 23 December 1994,

     Recommends that the Conference of the Parties, at its first
session, adopt the following decision:

Procedures for communication of information and review of
implementation

     The Conference of the Parties,

     Recalling article 26 of the Convention, which provides that each
Party shall communicate to the Conference of the Parties at its
ordinary sessions, through the permanent secretariat, reports on
measures which it has taken for the implementation of the Convention
and that the Conference of the Parties shall determine the timetable
for submission and the format of such reports,

     Recalling also article 22, paragraph 2 (a) of the Convention,
which provides that the Conference of the Parties shall regularly
review the implementation of the Convention and the functioning of its
institutional arrangements in the light of the experience gained at
the national, subregional, regional and international levels and on
the basis of the evolution of scientific and technological knowledge,

     Recalling further article 22, paragraph 2 (b) of the Convention,
which provides that the Conference of the Parties shall promote and
facilitate the exchange of information on measures adopted by the
Parties, and determine the form and timetable for transmitting the
information to be submitted pursuant to article 26, review the reports
and make recommendations on them,

     Conscious of the desirability of adopting procedures to organize
and streamline the communication of information,

     Having reviewed the recommendations of the Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee on this issue,

     Decides to adopt the procedures attached to the present decision.


                PROCEDURES FOR THE COMMUNICATION OF INFORMATION
                         AND REVIEW OF IMPLEMENTATION

                                 Introduction

1.   The purpose of the present procedures is to organize and
streamline the communication of information pursuant to article 26 of
the Convention in order to facilitate the regular review of
implementation by the Conference of the Parties, in accordance with
article 22, paragraph 2 (a) of the Convention, and to promote and
facilitate the exchange of information on measures adopted by the
Parties pursuant to article 22, paragraph 2 (b) of the Convention.

2.   Specific objectives of the procedures include the following:

     (a) To ensure the effective assessment of progress towards
achieving the objectives of the Convention and to enable the
Conference of the Parties to make appropriate recommendations to
further those objectives;

     (b) To exchange information and data among Parties in order to
maximize the benefits of successful measures and initiatives under the
Convention;

     (c) To ensure that the Committee on Science and Technology and
the global mechanism have access to the information and data necessary
to carry out their mandates;

     (d) To ensure that information on implementation is in the public
domain and available to the international community, particularly
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, and other
interested entities.


                         General obligation to report

3.   Each Party shall communicate to the Conference of the Parties for
consideration at its ordinary sessions, through the permanent
secretariat, reports on the measures which it has taken for the
implementation of the Convention.

4.   Affected country Parties shall provide a description of the
strategies established pursuant to article 5 of the Convention and of
any relevant information on their implementation.

5.   Affected country Parties which implement action programmes
pursuant to articles 9 to 15 of the Convention shall provide a
detailed description of the programmes and their implementation.

6.   In addition to reports on action programmes pursuant to paragraph
5, any group of affected country Parties may make a joint
communication, directly or through a competent subregional or regional
organization, on measures taken at the subregional and/or regional
levels in implementation of the Convention.

7.   Developed country Parties shall report on measures taken to assist
in the preparation and implementation of action programmes, including
information on the financial resources they have provided, or are
providing, under the Convention.

8.   Parties are encouraged to make full use of the expertise of
competent intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations in the
preparation of reports and in the dissemination of relevant
information.

9.   Relevant organs, funds and programmes of the United Nations, as
well as other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,
are encouraged to provide information, as appropriate, on their
activities in support of the preparation and implementation of action
programmes under the Convention.


                         Format and content of reports

10.  Reports should be as concise as possible to facilitate their
review.  They should be structured as follows, taking into account the
degree of development of action programmes and other relevant
circumstances:

(a)  Reports on national action programmes

     (i) A table of contents;

    (ii) A summary not exceeding six pages;

   (iii) The strategies and priorities established within the
         framework of sustainable development plans and/or policies;
 
    (iv) The institutional measures taken to implement the Convention;

     (v) The participatory process in support of the preparation and
         implementation of the action programme;

    (vi) The consultative process in support of the preparation and
         implementation of the national action programme and the
         partnership agreement with developed country Parties and
         other interested entities;

   (vii) The measures taken or planned within the framework of the
         national action programmes, including measures to improve the
         economic environment, to conserve natural resources, to
         improve institutional organization, to improve knowledge of
         desertification and to monitor and assess the effects of
         drought;

  (viii) Financial allocations from national budgets in support of
         implementation as well as financial assistance and technical
         cooperation received and needed, identifying and prioritizing
         requirements;

    (ix) A review of the benchmarks and indicators utilized to measure
         progress and an assessment thereof;

(b)  Reports on joint, subregional and regional action programmes

     (i) A table of contents;

    (ii) A summary not exceeding six pages;

   (iii) The areas of cooperation under the programme and measures
         taken or planned;

    (iv) The consultative process in support of the preparation and
         implementation of the subregional or regional action
         programmes and the partnership agreement with developed
         country Parties and other interested entities;

     (v) Financial allocations by affected country Parties of the
         subregion or region in support of implementation as well as
         financial assistance and technical cooperation received and
         needed, identifying and prioritizing requirements;

    (vi) A review of the benchmarks and indicators utilized to measure
         progress and an assessment thereof;

(c)  Reports of developed country Parties

     (i) A table of contents;

    (ii) A summary not exceeding six pages;

   (iii) The consultative processes and partnership agreements in
         which they are involved;

    (iv) Measures taken to support the preparation and implementation
         of action programmes at all levels, including information on
         the financial resources they have provided, or are providing,
         both bilaterally and multilaterally;

(d)  Reports of affected developed country Parties not preparing action
     programmes

     (i) A table of contents;

    (ii) A summary not exceeding six pages;

   (iii) The strategies and priorities, within the framework of
         sustainable development plans and/or policies, to combat
         desertification and mitigate the effects of drought and any
         relevant information on their implementation.

11.  Information provided by relevant organs, funds and programmes of
the United Nations, as well as other intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations, should include summaries, in principle
not exceeding four pages.


                              Language of reports

12.  Reports shall be communicated to the permanent secretariat in one
of the official languages of the Conference of the Parties.


                    Timetable for the submission of reports

13.  The Conference of the Parties shall initiate, at its third
session, review of the reports submitted by the Parties, alternating
between affected African country Parties and affected country Parties
of other regions.  At its third session, the Conference of the Parties
shall examine the reports of affected African country Parties.  At its
fourth session, the Conference of the Parties shall examine the
reports of affected country Parties of other regions.  Such rotation
shall apply to subsequent sessions.

14.  Developed country Parties shall report, at each session, on
measures taken to assist action programmes of those affected
developing country Parties reporting for the session.  Relevant
organs, funds and programmes of the United Nations, as well as other
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, are invited to
do likewise.

15.  Reports shall be submitted to the permanent secretariat at least
six months prior to the session at which they are to be reviewed.


            Compilation and synthesis by the permanent secretariat

16.  The permanent secretariat shall compile the summaries of reports
submitted pursuant to paragraphs 3 to 7, and of information provided
by relevant organs, funds and programmes of the United Nations, as
well as other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, on
measures taken or planned in support of implementation of the
Convention.

17.  The permanent secretariat shall prepare, in addition, a synthesis
of the reports setting out the trends emerging in the implementation
of the Convention.


                                Review process

18.  Reports by Parties, together with advice and information provided
by the Committee on Science and Technology and the global mechanism
consistent with their respective mandates and such other reports as
the Conference of the Parties may call for, shall constitute the basis
of the review of implementation by the Conference of the Parties.


                               Periodic reports

19.  After the third ordinary session and following every subsequent
ordinary session of the Conference of the Parties, the permanent
secretariat shall prepare a report summarizing the conclusions of the
review process.


                              Official documents

20.  Documents prepared by the permanent secretariat in accordance with
paragraphs 16, 17 and 19 shall constitute official documents of the
Conference of the Parties.


                            Availability of reports

21.  All reports communicated to the permanent secretariat in
accordance with the present procedures, as well as institutional
information pursuant to paragraph 22, shall be in the public domain. 
The permanent secretariat shall make available copies of the reports
to any interested Parties and other entities or individuals.


                  Communication of institutional information
                         to the permanent secretariat

22.  To facilitate exchanges of information and informal contacts
within and outside the review process, Parties shall communicate to
the permanent secretariat, as soon as practicable, information
concerning the names, addresses and phone numbers of national,
subregional, and regional focal points and coordinating bodies.

23.  The permanent secretariat shall keep in databases and/or
directories, and regularly update, information provided in accordance
with the present procedures.


                   Assistance to developing country Parties
                         in the preparation of reports

24.  The permanent secretariat shall, on request and within the limits
of its resources, facilitate assistance to affected developing country
Parties, particularly affected African country Parties and least
developed Parties among them, in the compilation and communication of
information pursuant to the present procedures, or seek such
assistance from bilateral donors and/or competent intergovernmental
organizations.


                                 Decision 9/10

          Organization of scientific and technological cooperation*

(*  The decision was adopted at the ninth session of the Committee, it
being understood that Spain was not a party to the decision, and has a
reservation with respect to section I, part II, paragraph 6
(composition of the Bureau) and will return to the discussion of this
paragraph.)
                                  Section one

         TERMS OF REFERENCE OF THE COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

              I.  RECOMMENDATION TO THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES

         Terms of reference of the Committee on Science and Technology

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     Recalling its mandate to prepare for the first session of the
Conference of the Parties pursuant to General Assembly resolution
49/234 of 23 December 1994,

     Recommends that the Conference of the Parties, at its first
session, adopt the following decision:


         Terms of reference of the Committee on Science and Technology

     The Conference of the Parties,

     Recalling article 24, paragraph 1, of the Convention, which
provides that the Conference of the Parties shall decide, at its first
session, on the terms of reference of the Committee on Science and
Technology,

     Recalling also article 22, paragraph (2) (h), of the Convention,
which provides that the Conference of the Parties shall, as
appropriate, seek the cooperation of, and utilize the services of and
information provided by, competent bodies or agencies, whether
national or international, intergovernmental or non-governmental,

     Having reviewed the recommendations of the Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee on the terms of reference of the Committee on
Science and Technology,

     Decides to adopt the terms of reference attached to the present
decision.


      II.  TERMS OF REFERENCE OF THE COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

                                 Introduction

1.   In accordance with the provisions of the Convention, the Committee
on Science and Technology (hereinafter referred to as "the Committee")
is a subsidiary body of the Conference of the Parties.  The role of
the Committee is to provide the Conference of the Parties with
information and advice on scientific and technological matters
relating to combating desertification and mitigating the effects of
drought to ensure that its decisions are based on the most up-to-date
scientific knowledge.


                                   Functions

2.   Consistent with the provisions of the Convention, particularly its
articles 16 to 18 and 24, and at the request of the Conference of the
Parties, the functions of the Committee include the following.

(a)  Advisory functions

     (i) Provide scientific and technological information needed to
         implement the Convention.

    (ii) Collect information, analyse, assess and report on the impact
         of developments in science and technology and give advice on
         the possible utilization of such developments for the
         implementation of the Convention.

   (iii) Advise the Conference of the Parties on the possible
         implications of the evolution of scientific and technological
         knowledge for programmes and activities under the Convention,
         particularly in connection with the review of implementation
         pursuant to paragraph 22 (2) (a) of the Convention.

    (iv) Advise on possible research priorities for particular regions
         and subregions, reflecting different local conditions.

     (v) Make recommendations on the establishment of ad hoc panels,
         including issues relating to the terms of reference,
         composition and modalities of work of the panels.

    (vi) Advise on the structure, membership and maintenance of the
         roster of independent experts bearing in mind the recognition
         in the Convention of local knowledge and expertise.

(b)  Data and information functions

     (i) Make recommendations regarding the collection, analysis and
         exchange of data and information to ensure systematic
         observation of land degradation in affected areas and assess
         the processes and effects of drought and desertification.

    (ii) Make recommendations on pertinent, quantifiable and
         verifiable indicators which might be used in connection with
         action programmes.

(c)  Research and review functions

     (i) Make recommendations regarding specialized research on the
         scientific and technological tools necessary to implement the
         Convention and on evaluation of the results of such research.

    (ii) Identify, as appropriate, new scientific and technological
         approaches with particular reference to the multidisciplinary
         aspects of combating desertification and mitigating the
         effects of drought.

   (iii) Make recommendations for promoting cooperative and
         comparative research between regions with different cultural
         and socio-economic circumstances.

    (iv) Make recommendations for promoting participative research on
         relevant traditional and local technology, knowledge,
         know-how and practices to combat desertification and mitigate
         the effects of drought through, inter alia, the utilization
         of information and services provided by local populations and
         other competent bodies, including intergovernmental and
         non-governmental organizations.

(d)  Functions related to technology

     (i) Make recommendations on ways and means to identify and use
         technology, knowledge, know-how and practices relevant to
         combating desertification and mitigating the effects of
         drought.

    (ii) Make recommendations on ways and means to exchange
         information regarding technology, knowledge, know-how and
         practices, including through the network referred to in
         paragraphs 3 and 4.

(e)  Evaluation functions

     (i) Monitor the application of science and technology to research
         projects relating to the implementation of the Convention and
         report to the Conference of the Parties.

    (ii) Examine the scientific and technological relevance and
         feasibility of research conducted pursuant to action
         programmes under the Convention.


                Networking of institutions, agencies and bodies

3.   In accordance with article 25 of the Convention, the Committee
shall, under the supervision of the Conference of the Parties, make
provision for the undertaking of a survey and evaluation of the
relevant existing networks, institutions, agencies and bodies willing
to become units of a network to support the implementation of the
Convention.

4.   On the basis of the results of the survey and evaluation referred
to in paragraph 3, the Committee shall make recommendations to the
Conference of the Parties on ways and means to facilitate and
strengthen networking of the units at the local, national and other
levels, with a view to ensuring that the thematic needs set out in
articles 16 to 19 of the Convention are addressed.


                            Composition and Bureau

5.   The Committee shall be multidisciplinary and open to the
participation of all Parties.  It shall be composed of government
representatives competent in fields of expertise relevant to combating
desertification and mitigating the effects of drought.

6.   The Committee shall elect its own Vice-Chairpersons, one of which
shall act as Rapporteur.  Together with the Chairperson, elected by
the Conference of the Parties in accordance with rule 31 of the rules
of procedure, they shall constitute the Bureau.  The Chairperson and
the Vice-Chairpersons shall be elected with due regard to the need to
ensure equitable geographical distribution and adequate representation
of affected country Parties, particularly those in Africa, and shall
not serve for more than two consecutive terms.


                         Programme of work and reports

7.   The Committee shall adopt a programme of work, which should
include estimates regarding its financial implications.  The programme
of work shall be subject to approval by the Conference of the Parties.

8.   The Committee shall report regularly to the Conference of the
Parties on its work, including at each of its sessions.

9.   The Bureau of the Committee shall be responsible for follow-up of
the work of the Committee between sessions and may benefit from the
assistance of ad hoc panels established by the Conference of the
Parties.


             Liaison with the scientific community and cooperation
                       with international organizations

10.  The Committee shall serve as a liaison between the Conference of
the Parties and the scientific community.  In carrying out its
functions, it shall, in particular, seek the cooperation of, and
utilize the services of and information provided by, competent bodies
or agencies, whether national or international, intergovernmental or
non-governmental.

11.  The Committee shall keep itself informed of the activities of the
scientific advisory bodies of other conventions and of relevant
international organizations, and shall coordinate its activities and
cooperate closely with them to avoid duplication of work and optimize
results.


                             Transparency of work

12.  The results of the work of the Committee shall be in the public
domain.


                                  Section two

               PROCEDURES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT AND MAINTENANCE
                      OF A ROSTER OF INDEPENDENT EXPERTS

              I.  RECOMMENDATION TO THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES

               Procedures for the establishment and maintenance
                      of a roster of independent experts

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     Recalling its mandate to prepare for the first session of the
Conference of the Parties pursuant to General Assembly resolution
49/234 of 23 December 1994,

     Recommends that the Conference of the Parties, at its first
session, adopt the following decision:


               Procedures for the establishment and maintenance
                      of a roster of independent experts

     The Conference of the Parties,

     Recalling article 24, paragraph 2, of the Convention, which
provides that the Conference of the Parties shall establish and
maintain a roster of independent experts with expertise and experience
in the relevant fields, based on nominations received in writing from
the Parties, taking into account the need for a multidisciplinary
approach and broad geographical representation,

     Having reviewed the recommendations of the Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee on the establishment of a roster of independent
experts,

     Decides to establish and maintain a roster of independent experts
on the basis of the procedures attached to the present decision.


                 II.  ESTABLISHMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF A ROSTER OF
                      INDEPENDENT EXPERTS

                                 Introduction

1.   A roster of independent experts is hereby established in
accordance with the provisions of the Convention, particularly its
article 24, paragraph 2.  Its purpose is to provide the Conference of
the Parties with an up-to-date list of independent experts in the
various fields of specialization relating to combating desertification
and mitigating the effects of drought, from which members of ad hoc
panels may be selected.


               Selection of experts to be included on the roster

2.   Each Party may nominate experts on the roster, taking into account
the need for a multidisciplinary approach, an appropriate gender
balance and broad and equitable geographical representation.  Nominees
shall have expertise and experience in fields relevant to combating
desertification and mitigating the effects of drought.

3.   Nominations shall be communicated by the Parties to the
Secretariat through diplomatic channels.  In addition to the names of
the experts, the communications shall include a reference to their
field(s) of expertise, as well as their addresses.

4.   Experts nominated by the Parties shall ipso facto be included on
the roster.

5.   Parties may make new nominations or withdraw previous nominations
to the roster at any time by so notifying the permanent secretariat
through diplomatic channels.


                         Disciplines to be represented

6.   The roster of experts should reflect the diversity of knowledge
and skills needed to provide advice on combating desertification and
mitigating the effects of drought, taking into account the integrated
approach of the Convention and the expertise required to implement the
provisions of the Convention, notably its articles 16 to 19, including
expertise from grass-roots organizations and non-governmental
organizations.


                    Review by the Conference of the Parties

7.   The Conference of the Parties shall review the roster regularly
and at least at every other ordinary session of the Conference of the
Parties and shall formulate recommendations in order for the roster to
be consistent with the requirements provided for in paragraph 2 above.


                             Maintenance of roster

8.   The permanent secretariat shall maintain the roster, which shall
be in the public domain.


                                 Section three

               PROCEDURES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AD HOC PANELS

              I.  RECOMMENDATION TO THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES

               Procedures for the establishment of ad hoc panels

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     Recalling its mandate to prepare for the first session of the
Conference of the Parties pursuant to General Assembly resolution
49/234 of 23 December 1994,

     Recommends that the Conference of the Parties, at its first
session, adopt the following decision:


               Procedures for the establishment of ad hoc panels

     The Conference of the Parties,

     Recalling article 24, paragraph 3, of the Convention, which
provides that the Conference of the Parties may, as necessary, appoint
ad hoc panels to provide it, through the Committee on Science and
Technology, with information and advice on specific issues regarding
the state of the art in fields of science and technology relevant to
combating desertification and mitigating the effects of drought,

     Having reviewed the recommendations of the Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee on the procedures for the establishment of
ad hoc panels,

     Decides to adopt the procedures attached to the present decision.


            II.  PROCEDURES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AD HOC PANELS

                                 Introduction

1.   The Conference of the Parties may, in principle in its ordinary
session, and as necessary, appoint ad hoc panels to provide it,
through the Committee on Science and Technology, with information and
advice on specific issues regarding the state of the art in fields of
science and technology relevant to combating desertification and
mitigating the effects of drought.


                   Terms of reference and modalities of work

2.   The Conference of the Parties shall, in principle in its ordinary
session, determine the terms of reference and modalities of work of
each ad hoc panel, including its duration.


                    Composition and number of ad hoc panels

3.   Ad hoc panels shall be composed of experts whose names are taken
from the roster of independent experts, taking into account the need
for a multidisciplinary approach, an appropriate gender balance, and
broad and equitable geographical representation.  They shall have
scientific or other relevant backgrounds and field experience.

4.   The Conference of the Parties shall determine the composition of
each ad hoc panel according to the specific needs of each case and
shall designate a coordinator from among members of the panel to
conduct the work and prepare the report.  The number of members of any
ad hoc panel shall not exceed twelve.

5.   Every effort shall be made to ensure that the composition of the
ad hoc panels reflects local and traditional knowledge and expertise.

6.   The Conference of the Parties shall determine the number of ad hoc
panels which, in principle, shall not exceed three at any one time.


                           Reports of ad hoc panels

7.   Ad hoc panels shall report to the Conference of the Parties,
through the Committee on Science and Technology.  The Committee may
not amend or revise the reports of ad hoc panels.  However, it may
comment or make recommendations based upon them.

8.   Reports of ad hoc panels shall be in the public domain and, where
appropriate, be disseminated through different mechanisms to all
interested Parties.


                                 Decision 9/11

             Draft recommendation to the Conference of the Parties
               on the programme of work of the Committee on Science
                                and Technology

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee,

     (a) Invites interested members of the Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee to contribute comments and views on a proposed
programme of work for the Committee on Science and Technology, to be
received by the interim secretariat by 15 October 1996;

     (b) Requests the interim secretariat to prepare and report on a
draft proposed programme of work based on such contributions for the
Committee on Science and Technology for consideration at the tenth
session;

     (c) Also requests the interim secretariat to identify bodies of
other relevant organizations and conventions performing work similar
to that envisaged to be undertaken by the Committee on Science and
Technology, and to report to the Intergovernmental Negotiating
Committee at its tenth session on such work and possible areas of
cooperation with such bodies;

     (d) Encourages members of the Intergovernmental Negotiating
Committee to make nominations for the roster of independent experts in
accordance with the qualifications and criteria proposed for adoption
at the Conference of the Parties by submitting such nominations
through diplomatic channels to the interim secretariat;

     (e) Requests the interim secretariat to compile a draft roster of
independent experts, based on such contributions, for the Conference
of the Parties.


                                 Decision 9/12

              Report on work being done on benchmarks and indicators
              to measure progress in the implementation of
                                the Convention

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee, taking note with
appreciation of the report referred to in document A/AC.241/58, and
noting with appreciation the progress accomplished on work being done
on benchmarks and indicators to measure progress in the implementation
of the Convention, requests the interim secretariat:

     (a) To continue work on benchmarks and indicators (A/AC.241/58)
initially undertaken pursuant to decision 8/8, and in that connection
to invite written contributions from any interested members of the
Committee and competent organizations, to be received by the interim
secretariat by 15 October 1996;

     (b) In connection with the continuation of work referred to in
subparagraph (a), to establish, under its authority, an informal open-
ended consultative process to expand on such work with the
participation of any interested member of the Committee from any
regional and/or subregional groups, and competent organizations, in
addition to those members and governmental and non-governmental
organizations referred to in the report mentioned in document
A/AC.241/58;

     (c) To report on the work undertaken in accordance with
subparagraphs (a) and (b), with special emphasis on implementation
indicators, for the tenth session.


                                 Decision 9/13

           Draft rules of procedure of the Conference of the Parties

     The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee, noting with
appreciation the progress accomplished on the draft rules of procedure
of the Conference of the Parties on the basis of document
A/AC.241/48/Rev.1, requests the interim secretariat to prepare a
revised text for the tenth session reflecting the deliberations in
Working Group II during the ninth session.

                                 APPENDIX III

         Conclusions by the Chairman on the question of special action


     The consideration of the agenda item on the implementation of the
resolution on urgent action to be taken on behalf of Africa afforded
the Committee an opportunity to hear several statements from affected
countries in Africa.  We also listened with great interest to the
statements made by delegations from other continents.


                                    AFRICA

     In their statements the African representatives reported that the
continent had now fully embarked upon the preparatory phase of the
implementation of the Convention.  Of the 45 countries which have
already ratified the Convention, 22, or nearly half of them, are
African.  Several other countries have announced that they will
shortly deposit their instruments of ratification.

     In addition, the preparation of national action programmes (NAP)
shows that, despite numerous constraints, the affected African
countries are using a step-by-step approach to put in place mechanisms
which will over time constitute the framework of the national action
programmes.

     For example, many countries have reported initiatives which have
been taken in fields as diverse as information activities and
awareness-building among different categories of actors; creation of
the institutional tools required for the follow-up of proposed
activities; and preparation for national forums by, inter alia,
organizing the first decentralized consultations, conducting a number
of thematic studies and strengthening the consultative processes aimed
at the signing of joint venture agreements.

     Certain countries have already organized national meetings during
which the basic aspects of the methodology to be followed have been
discussed.  Early drafts of the national action programmes have also
been prepared at these meetings.

     The subregional organizations have also provided the Committee
with a detailed overview of the activities which they have undertaken
to implement their subregional action programmes (SRAP).  In most
cases, priority activities have now been defined and are being
implemented, in accordance with the recommendations made at the
various subregional meetings that were previously held in cooperation
with national, subregional and international partners. 
Multidisciplinary teams of experts carry out the activities that have
been initiated with intergovernmental organizations.  Priority is
being given to the creation of subregional funding facilities, the
organization of training sessions for women and their role in the
management of natural resources, and the elaboration of cross-border
pilot projects.

     All of these national and subregional initiatives have been
supported by the interim secretariat of the proposed Convention to
Combat Desertification.  As the facilitator, the task of the interim
secretariat is to provide support to requesting countries and
subregional organizations until the benchmarks provided for in the
Convention are fully in place.

     In this regard, countries have mentioned that the various
approaches made to development partners have not yet had any results. 
At the same time, the bilateral and multilateral donor agencies have
indicated that, for their part, numerous initiatives have been taken
to provide financial support for the efforts being made by affected
African countries.

     We must redouble our efforts to take advantage of all the
opportunities offered within the framework of our Convention.  For
example, innovative ideas, such as that of the "chef de file", should
enable us to better fill the gaps in information about potential
sources of support.  As might be expected, much still remains to be
done to mobilize the funds required to support the implementation of
the resolution on urgent measures on behalf of Africa.

     This should lead us to give further consideration to the
intensification of the process of consultations among partners, our
respective responsibilities and the various forms of support which all
Parties could provide to help the countries concerned overcome the
constraints to which they referred during our discussions.


                                     ASIA

     In Asia, we have witnessed the launching of a very encouraging
number of activities.  The debate has illustrated the rich diversity
of this region and the severity of the threat posed by
desertification.  We are optimistic that the process of ratification
and accession will be speeded up.  Awareness-building seminars have
been held with the support of the secretariat and these will continue. 
Existing programming frameworks are being reviewed to ensure that they
are consistent with the Convention's provisions, particularly those
concerning the integrated and participatory aspects of the process. 
Full use should be made of existing institutional and scientific
capacities, which will be more focused on the implementation of the
Convention.  Subregional (Abu Dhabi) and regional (New Delhi) meetings
have accelerated the process of identifying cooperation priorities at
these various levels.  The consultations among Asian NGOs which were
begun in Islamabad will continue with the support of the secretariat
in the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) at
Bishkek in November 1996 and, at the global level, at Hyderabad in
December 1996.


                        LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

     In Latin America, a number of countries have indicated that they
will shortly ratify or accede to the Convention.  They stressed the
need for the mobilization of funding in order to support the efforts
being made by countries at the national and regional levels to
implement the Convention.  Focal points have been designated and
information networks made available, while closer cooperation is being
developed among the countries concerned in such areas as soil
protection and water resources management.


                         NORTHERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION

     In the northern Mediterranean, the Madrid meeting held in
July 1996 gave a decisive impetus to regional cooperation, which will
be further consolidated at the next meeting, scheduled to be held in
October 1996 in Crete under the auspices of the European Union.  The
meeting held last May in Istanbul called for closer cooperation among
the countries of the Mediterranean, the Balkans and the Caucasus. 
There again, the start of this important process is a welcome
development.

     This overview of activities at the global level strengthens our
confidence in the potential that is being developed, under the
auspices of the Convention, to better ensure sustainable development
in the arid regions of the world.  It also reminds us that we are only
at the beginning of a long journey which will require the commitment
and solidarity of all Parties.

     Finally, we also need to stress the importance of local action. 
It is the active participation of the affected populations which will
give substance to the Convention and fuel optimism about the role
which it can play as an instrument for the promotion of sustainable
development.



                                  APPENDIX IV

           Provisional agenda for the tenth session of the Committee


1.   Adoption of the agenda and organization of work.

2.   Preparation for the Conference of the Parties.

3.   Special action:

     (a) Urgent action for Africa;

     (b) Action taken in the Asian, Latin American and the Caribbean,
         and northern Mediterranean regions.

4.   Status of signature and ratification of the Convention.

5.   Review of the situation as regards extrabudgetary funds.

6.   Adoption of the report of the Committee on its tenth session.


                                     -----

                                     Note

a/   Here and elsewhere, if this alternative were approved, the name of
the relevant institution and the title of its head would be inserted
once the institution is selected. 

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