United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

12 November 1996



GENERAL ASSEMBLY                                            SECURITY COUNCIL
Fifty-first session                                         Fifty-first year
Agenda items 10, 41, 87, 94, 95,
  96, 97, 102, 110 and 151

             Letter dated 5 November 1996 from the representatives of
             Azerbaijan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
             and Uzbekistan to the United Nations addressed to the

     We have the honour to transmit herewith the text of the
declaration signed in duplicate in Turkish and Russian on
21 October 1996 at Tashkent, at the end of the fourth summit meeting
of the Heads of State of the Turkish-Speaking Countries.

     We should be grateful if the text of the present letter and the
enclosed declaration would be circulated as a document of the General
Assembly, under agenda items 10, 41, 87, 94, 95, 96, 97, 102, 110 and 151, and
of the Security Council.

(Signed)  Eldar G. KOULIEV                (Signed)  Akmaral Kh. ARYSTANBEKOVA 
  Ambassador Extraordinary                  Ambassador Extraordinary          
    and Plenipotentiary                       and Plenipotentiary             
  Permanent Representative of               Permanent Representative of       
    the Azerbaijani Republic                  the Republic of Kazakstan       

(Signed)  Zamira ESHMAMBETOVA             (Signed)  Aksoltan T. ATAEVA        
  Ambassador Extraordinary                  Ambassador Extraordinary          
    and Plenipotentiary                       and Plenipotentiary             
  Permanent Representative of               Permanent Representative          
    the Kyrgyz Republic                       of Turkmenistan                 

(Signed)  Hu"seyin E. C'ELEM              (Signed)  Alisher V. VOHIDOV        
  Ambassador Extraordinary                 Charge' d'affaires a.i. of the     
    and Plenipotentiary                     Permanent Mission of the          
  Permanent Representative of               Republic of Uzbekistan            
    the Republic of Turkey                  to the United Nations             


                             Tashkent Declaration

                                                          [Original:  Russian]

     Mr. Heydar Aliyev, President of the Azerbaijani Republic,
Mr. Nursultan Nazarbaev, President of the Republic of Kazakstan,
Mr. Askar Akayev, President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Mr. Su"leyman
Demirel, President of the Republic of Turkey, Mr. Saparmurat Niyazov,
President of the Republic of Turkmenistan, and Mr. Islam Karimov,
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in accordance with the
decision taken on 28 August 1995 at the summit meeting in Bishkek,
held their fourth summit meeting on 21 October 1996 in Tashkent,

     Confirming the continuity of the Ankara statement and the Istanbul
and Bishkek declarations,

     Noting with satisfaction the dynamic and progressive development
of all-round cooperation in various fields between the Turkish-
speaking States and peoples,

     Acting in the name of strengthening peace, security and socio-
economic progress,

     Stressing once again their adherence to the Charter of the United
Nations and the principles of the Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe,

     On the basis of the principles of respect for independence,
sovereignty, territorial integrity, inviolability of borders, equal
rights and non-intervention in each other's internal affairs,

     Striving for the further development of fraternal ties,

     Complying with their obligations in the maintenance of
international peace and security in accordance with the universally
accepted principles and norms of international law,

     Having considered the state of the relations and the prospects for
cooperation among their countries, and having exchanged views on a
number of international and regional problems,


1.   The Heads of State expressed satisfaction with the development of
bilateral and multilateral relations among their countries in various
fields and noted the need for the further expansion and
intensification of those relations.

2.   The Heads of State once again confirm their firm and immutable
adherence to the principles of democracy, respect for human rights and
the market economy.

3.   Having expressed deep satisfaction with cooperation in the area
of science, culture and education, the Heads of State called for the
further expansion and strengthening of those ties between their
countries and for the popularization of the great cultural and
historical heritage of the Turkish peoples.

     The Heads of State stressed that the TURKSOY organization has
important tasks before it in the further development of cooperation
based on the commonality of culture, language and spiritual values of
the peoples of the Turkish-speaking countries, and consider it
necessary to enhance the effectiveness of this organization.

4.   The Heads of State, considering that the fourth summit meeting in
Tashkent is taking place at a time of widespread celebration of the
660th anniversary of the great Amir Temu"r, once again stressed the
need for the joint celebration of memorable dates associated with the
life and activities of outstanding figures of world significance who
have made a major contribution to the history and culture of the
Turkish-speaking peoples.

     The Heads of State instructed the TURKSOY organization to draw up
a calendar of historic dates associated with Turkish civilization, to
study the possibility of involving international cultural
organizations, and in the first place the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in the celebrations,
and also to look into the possibility of joint observance of the
1450th anniversary of the great Turkish kaganate and prepare a plan of
action on this question for the fifth meeting of Heads of Turkish-
Speaking Countries.

5.   The Heads of State expressed their willingness to undertake the
joint formulation and implementation of the programme "Restoration of
the silk route:  development of educational tourism, revival,
preservation and stable development of the cultural heritage of the
Turkish-speaking countries" in order to develop a network of tourist
routes and corresponding tourist infrastructure and expand various
moderately priced forms of tourism.

6.   The Heads of State note with satisfaction the positive trends
discernible in the area of information exchange, and called for a
strengthening of cooperation between the information and
communications media of their countries in publicizing, popularizing
and disseminating the great cultural and historic heritage of the
Turkish peoples.

     In order to strengthen the links between the peoples of their
countries and the exchange of experience in various fields, the Heads
of State decided to strengthen ties between local administrations of
the Turkish-speaking countries and non-governmental organizations.

7.   The Heads of State called for the all-round development of trade
and economic cooperation among the Turkish-speaking countries, the
expansion of economic ties at various levels, the promotion of
economic integration processes, the elimination of obstacles to joint
trade and the establishment of a favourable legal regime for
individuals and legal entities engaging in economic cooperation in
order to create a single market for goods, services, capital and
labour, without prejudice to their international obligations.

     The Heads of State consider it necessary for the relevant State
structures to take measures for the further simplification of customs
and transit procedures and the elimination of obstacles which restrict
and complicate mutual trade and financial and banking operations.

8.   The Heads of State again emphasize the special importance of
developing and extracting the rich natural resources of their
countries, in the first instance natural gas, petroleum and hydro-
energy resources, and called for urgent measures to conduct joint
projects for laying pipelines and electricity transmission lines to
deliver energy to world markets, with the involvement in these
projects of the States concerned, international financial institutions
and State and private structures.  

     The Heads of State note with satisfaction the work performed by
the relevant State and international organizations in connection with
the laying of an oil and gas pipeline through Turkey to the shores of
the Mediterranean and in Europe.

9.   The Heads of State, noting the need for the development of
economic transport systems in the region, called for the early
implementation of the 1996 Serakhs quadripartite agreements on transit
and rail communications through the operation of a trans-Caucasus
corridor, and welcomed the efforts of the European Union under the
Transport Corridor - Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA) projects.  They
also supported the initiative of establishing a Central Asia-
Afghanistan-Pakistan transport route with access to the Indian Ocean
as part of the North-South transport corridor.

10.  The Heads of State call on the United Nations Development
Programme, the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and regional
development banks to be more active, expanding their cooperation with
recipient countries in developing action strategies in the transition
period for each of the Turkish-speaking countries.

11.  The Heads of State called for more effective measures to stimulate
the economic growth of their countries:

     -   By investing in both capital and human resources, attaching
         special importance to raising the quality of basic and
         specialized education, the development of work skills,
         professional training and improvement of qualifications;

     -   By promoting the dissemination of new technologies that not
         only produce competitive products but also create jobs,
         especially in the small and medium-sized business sphere.

12.  The Heads of State again noted the urgency of developing
cooperation in the field of environmental protection, and called for
the adoption of decisive measures on an international scale to
stabilize the environmental situation in the Aral Sea region.

13.  The Heads of State, expressing concern that the scale and rising
trend of the illegal production of, demand for and trafficking in
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, and also at the
possibility of the territory of the Turkish-speaking countries being
used for their unlawful transit, confirm their readiness to take
coordinated action to combat the narcotics business, and also to
cooperate with respect to the international policy to control drug
trafficking.  In this connection, they note their concern that
organized crime, which has become widespread especially during the
1990s, has close links with the narcotics business and terrorism and
is a source of financing for terrorism.

14.  The Heads of State, having expressed serious concern at the new
resurgence of terrorism and separatism, strongly condemned terrorism and
separatism, regardless of who engages in them and for what reason, as a
serious infringement of human rights, expressed their full support for the
measures being undertaken by the international community to combat these
phenomena, and noted the need for them to be rapidly and extensively
implemented.  The Heads of State again underlined the need for international
cooperation to combat terrorism and separatism, which already knew no bounds.

15.  The Heads of State expressed deep concern at the continuing conflicts,
which are a consequence of the open violation of the principles of the United
Nations and OSCE, and called for immediate observance of those principles.

16.  The Heads of State confirmed the need for a peaceful settlement of the
conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan on the basis of the relevant
resolutions of the United Nations Security Council, and noted that the failure
to settle that conflict impairs the peace process and the strengthening of
confidence and security in the region.  

17.  The Heads of State, underlining the need for systematic conduct of
mutual consultations and organizational and technical studies and for
monitoring of the implementation of the decisions adopted, agreed on the
establishment of the Secretariat of the Meetings of Heads of State of the
Turkish-Speaking Countries (SMHTC), the Statute of which the Ministers for
Foreign Affairs were instructed to draw up.  They assigned to the Secretariat
functions relating to the preparation of materials for the meetings of the
Heads of State of the Turkish-Speaking Countries and the leaders of their
foreign policy departments, to the holding of seminars, conferences and
symposiums to publicize the language, culture and achievements of the Turkish-
speaking countries and to locating, selecting and preparing for publication
historical literary sources on the life of the Turkish peoples in the past and
the present.

18.  The Heads of State emphasized that the Tashkent meeting, which took
place in a frank and friendly atmosphere, would undoubtedly become an
important milestone in the further development of cooperation between the
Turkish-speaking States and also ensuring stability and peace in the region.

19.  In accordance with the decision taken at the Ankara high-level meeting
on the regular holding of meetings, the Heads of State agreed to hold the next
meeting in the fourth quarter of 1997 in the capital of the Republic of

20.  This Declaration was signed on 21 October 1996 in Tashkent in six
copies, each in the Turkish and Russian languages.

The President of the Azerbaijani Republic:  Heydar ALIYEV

The President of the Republic of Kazakstan:  Nursultan NAZARBAEV

The President of the Kyrgyz Republic:  Askar ASKAYEV

The President of the Republic of Turkey:  Su"leyman DEMIREL

The President of Turkmenistan:  Saparmurat NIYAZOV

The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan:  Islam KARIMOV


This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org