United Nations

A/51/62


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

31 January 1996

ORIGINAL:
RUSSIAN


/...  A/51/62
  S/1996/74
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A/51/62
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A S UNITED
Security Council
  A/51/62
  S/1996/74


GENERAL ASSEMBLY  SECURITY COUNCIL
Fifty-first session  Fifty-first year
MAINTENANCE OF INTERNATIONAL
  SECURITY
COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF THE WHOLE
  QUESTION OF PEACE-KEEPING
  OPERATIONS IN ALL THEIR ASPECTS


    Letter dated 26 January 1996 from the Permanent Representative
    of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to
the Secretary-General


  As representative  of the State which  presides over  the statutory bodies
of the  Commonwealth of  Independent  States  (CIS), I  have the  honour  to
transmit herewith  the  texts of  the  following  decisions adopted  by  the
Council of Heads of State of CIS at Moscow on 19 January 1996:

  -on  the  Concept  for  prevention  and  settlement  of  conflicts  in the
territory of States members of CIS (annex I);

  -on the extension of  the length of stay  of the Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces in the Republic of Tajikistan (annex II);

  -on the extension of  the length of stay and the mandate of the Collective
Peace-keeping Forces (CPF) in the conflict  zone in Abkhazia, Georgia (annex
III);

  -on measures to settle the conflict in Abkhazia, Georgia (annex IV);

  -on the approval of  the Statute on Collective Peace-keeping Forces in the
CIS (annex V);

  -on the Statute on the CIS flag (annex VI);

  -on the Statute on the CIS emblem (annex VII);




96-02180 (E)   140296  150296/...

*9602180*
as well  as the Agreement on  the training and  instruction of military  and
civilian  personnel from  CIS  member  States  for participation  in  peace-
keeping operations (annex VIII)  and the Message of  the Council of Heads of
State  to  the Presidents  of the  Republic  of Armenia  and the  Azerbaijan
Republic and the Heads of other States (annex IX).

  I  should be  grateful  if you  would have  this  letter and  its  annexes
circulated as  a document of the General Assembly, under  the items entitled
"Maintenance  of  international  security"   and  "Comprehensive  review  of
peacekeeping operations in all their aspects", and of the Security Council.


(Signed)  S. LAVROV

Annex I

       Decision on the Concept for prevention and settlement of
       conflicts in the territory of States members of the
Commonwealth of Independent States


  The Council of Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent States,

  Has decided:

  1.   To adopt the  Concept for prevention  and settlement  of conflicts in
the territory  of States members of  the Commonwealth  of Independent States
(see enclosure).

  2.  This decision shall enter into force on the date of its signature.


  DONE at  Moscow on  19 January 1996 in  one authentic copy in  the Russian
language.  The authentic copy shall be kept in the Executive Secretariat  of
the Commonwealth of Independent States, which shall send  to each State that
has signed this decision its certified copy.


For the Republic of Armenia:For the Republic of Moldova:  
  (Signed)  L. TER-PETROSYAN(Signed)  M. SNEGUR         

For the Azerbaijan Republic:For the Russian Federation:   
(Signed)  B. YELTSIN        
For the Republic of Belarus:
  (Signed)  A. LUKASHENKOFor the Republic of Tajikistan:
(Signed)  E. RAKHMONOV      
For Georgia:
  (Signed)  E. SHEVARDNADZEFor Turkmenistan:             
(Signed)  S. NIYAZOV        
For the Republic of Kazakstan:
For Ukraine:                  
For the Kyrgyz Republic:
  (Signed)  A. AKAEVFor the Republic of Uzbekistan:
(Signed)  I. KARIMOV        
APPENDIX

    Concept for prevention and settlement of conflicts in the
    territory of States members of the Commonwealth of
Independent States


  Unresolved  disputes and  disagreements and  the armed  conflicts  arising
from them undermine the very foundations  of the Commonwealth of Independent
States  (CIS),  affect  the  vital  interests  of  every  member  State  and
constitute a real threat to international peace and security.

  The maintenance of peace  and stability is an  essential condition for the
Commonwealth's  existence,   ensuring  the   economic  and   socio-political
development both of each individual member State and  of the Commonwealth as
a whole.

  This Concept sets out the general approaches of  States members of CIS  to
questions  of   prevention  and   settlement  of   conflicts,  as   well  as
possibilities  for collective  measures  to resolve  emerging  disputes  and
disagreements.   It provides  for collective  action to  prevent and  settle
conflicts, including the conduct  of multilateral peace-keeping  operations,
as an  essential component of CIS policy to strengthen the national security
and  preserve the  territorial  integrity  and  independence of  its  member
States.

  Recognizing that  the prevention  and settlement of conflicts  relating to
security  issues must be  a matter of concern  primarily for the conflicting
parties,  the States members  of CIS  are at  the same  time aware  of their
responsibility for  security  in the  territory  of  member States  and  for
deaths and casualties  as a  result of  conflicts and will  do all in  their
power to identify and to defuse any possible sources of  tension.  They also
favour  influential roles for  the United  Nations and  the Organization for
Security and  Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in efforts to settle conflicts in
the  territory of States  members of  CIS since such  conflicts threaten not
only regional  but global security.   As a rule,  when conducting operations
to prevent or settle  conflicts in the  territory of States members of  CIS,
there  should be  a  mandate  to do  so  from the  United  Nations  Security
Council.    In  this  connection,  the  involvement  of  the   international
community  in conflict resolution  must be more significant and commensurate
with the threat represented by such conflicts.

  States  members  of  CIS  will  strive  to  strengthen  the  role  of  the
Commonwealth in  the peaceful settlement of  conflicts, considering this  to
be a highly important contribution to  the maintenance of regional  security
and stability, as well as to enhancement of the Commonwealth's authority.

  Action  to prevent and settle conflicts in the  territory of member States
of CIS shall be  governed by the Charter of  the United Nations, the charter
and  other  fundamental   instruments  of  CIS,  the  universally   accepted
principles  and rules  of international  law,  pertinent resolutions  of the
United  Nations Security  Council,  documents of  OSCE,  and  agreements and
protocols concluded between States members of CIS.

   Such action shall embrace a range of measures designed to facilitate  the
prevention, resolution  and settlement  of contentious  issues and  conflict
situations,  as well  as the  narrowing of  differences between  conflicting
parties with  a view  to identifying  mutually acceptable  agreements.   The
nature of  such action,  and the  choice of  means and  instruments for  its
implementation, shall depend  on the scale and  stage of development of  the
conflict.  The objective of the action shall be:

  conflict prevention (measures to prevent conflicts);

  settlement of armed conflicts; and

  post-conflict peace-building.


1.  Conflict prevention

  The pre-eminent  means of  resolving disputes and preventing  conflicts is
the use of preventive  political and diplomatic efforts, collective measures
and  the authority  of  CIS  to seek  ways  of reducing  tension  before  it
develops into a conflict.

  Such action  shall be based on  an official request  from the State  whose
security and  sovereignty are threatened but  shall not  absolve the parties

themselves of  their  responsibility and  duty  to  show political  will  in
settling their  differences by talks and  other peaceful  means.  Preventive
diplomacy may be conducted by a special representative of CIS.

  Preventive diplomacy may embrace a range  of measures to identify  reasons
and  warn of disputes  between parties  before they  develop into conflicts,
including  good offices and  mediation in  the organization of consultations
and talks  between the  parties to a  dispute, as well  as the provision  of
assistance to  them in seeking mutual  understanding and reaching  agreement
on   the  settlement   of  differences.    Favourable   conditions  for  the
development of  a negotiating process may be created by harmonizing steps to
implement  confidence-building  measures,  including  agreement between  the
parties  as to the  non-use of force or the  threat of force, the settlement
of differences exclusively by talks, the  exchange of information on  issues
of concern,  the dispatch of  special representatives, mediation missions or
observers  from   either  neutral   parties  or   the  conflicting   parties
themselves, the use of early warning  mechanisms, the imposition of economic
sanctions, and the creation of demilitarized zones.

  Certain  cases  may   also  give  rise  to  the  preventive  (pre-emptive)
deployment of  police, civilian and  military personnel  from States members
of  CIS in the  region of  possible confrontation with a  view to preventing
the escalation of tension or the  development of disputes, disagreements and
crises  into armed  conflict.   Preventive  deployment  and the  creation of
demilitarized zones shall take  place at the request  of those States  whose
security  and  sovereignty are  threatened,  and  with  the  consent of  the
parties  to the dispute.   A decision on preventive deployment and sanctions
shall  be  taken by  the  Council of  Heads  of State  of  CIS,  which shall
determine the nature and term  of application of the sanctions and establish
the Mandate for deployment, including the powers  and composition of the CIS
Collective  Peace-keeping Forces (CPF) and  the tasks and length  of stay of
such personnel from CIS member States.


2.  Settlement of armed conflicts

  The  Commonwealth  of Independent  States  shall,  in  its  capacity as  a
regional organization,  take the steps required  to settle  conflicts in the
territory of States members  of CIS in accordance  with Chapter VIII  of the
Charter of the United Nations.

  The settlement of conflicts shall mean  a range of political, socio-legal,
economic, military and other  measures designed to  end conflicts, including
those which take the form of armed combat.  The settlement of conflicts  may
include  a broad  selection of  means:   from, on  the one  hand, efforts to
bring  about   the  immediate   cessation  of   bloodshed,  monitoring   and
verification  of  compliance   with  cease-fire  or  truce  agreements   and
separation  of warring  parties to,  on the  other hand,  assistance in  the
implementation  of agreements concluded by  the parties to a conflict in the
hope of achieving a  solid and lasting  solution of the crisis which  led to
armed conflict.

  The  basic task  at this  stage is,  with the  participation  of military,
police and civilian CPF  personnel, to keep the peace after the  conflicting
parties reach  a cease-fire agreement in support of efforts to stabilize the
situation  in  areas  of  existing  conflicts,   with  a  view  to  ensuring
favourable  conditions  for  talks  between   the  parties  on   a  peaceful
settlement of the conflicts.

  Provision  may  be made,  in the  settlement of  armed conflicts,  for the
conduct of peace-keeping operations (PKO).

  PKO shall mean political  action over a limited period of time to keep the
peace  between  parties  to  a  conflict.    Such  operations  shall  employ
military, police and civilian personnel specially trained for the purpose.

  Essential conditions for the conduct of PKO are as follows:

  The  signature of a cease-fire agreement by the  conflicting parties and a
clear expression by the  parties of political will to settle the conflict by
political means;

  The  consent of  the  conflicting  parties to  the conduct  of PKO  by CPF
performing  their   appointed  tasks,   and  the   establishment  of   close
cooperation between the parties and the CPF command  for the conduct of such
operations;

  The acceptance  by the  parties to  the conflict  of their obligations  to
honour the  international status, neutrality,  privileges and immunities  of
CPF personnel in accordance with international law;

  The open, neutral and impartial nature of peace-keeping operations.

  The collective peace-keeping forces shall be  formed on a coalition  basis
by  the States which have agreed  to take part in PKO.  Each State member of
CIS shall  independently determine  the form  of its  participation in  PKO.
Any decision on  the detachment  of troop  contingents, military  observers,
police and  civilian personnel  for participation in  PKO shall be  taken in
conformity with national legislation.

  The collective  peace-keeping forces  shall  act under  a single  command,
adhering  strictly to the  principles of  impartiality, compliance  with the
laws of the host country, and  respect for the traditions and customs of the
local population.    PKO  may  not be  considered  to  be a  substitute  for
settlement by means of talks.

  In the conduct of PKO, the collective peace-keeping forces  shall not take
part  in active  combat.    They shall  make  use, first  and  foremost,  of
peaceful means  and instruments  to promote  appropriate conditions for  the
holding of talks and  the reaching of mutually  acceptable agreements on the
settlement of conflicts.  They shall refrain from the use of weapons  except
in cases of armed  resistance to their discharge  of the Mandate  to conduct
PKO.

  Enforcement measures  in the settlement  of conflicts (peace  enforcement)
shall be  permitted only  if such  powers have  been mandated by  the United
Nations Security  Council  in accordance  with  the  Charter of  the  United
Nations.


3.  Post-conflict peace-building

  Peace-building shall  mean the adoption  of political, socio-economic  and
legal  measures  following the  settlement  of  an  armed  conflict for  the
purpose  of promoting  the restoration  of  an  atmosphere of  trust, mutual
relations and cooperation  between the conflicting parties and preventing  a
renewed outbreak of conflict.

  Measures in this connection may include the following:

  Help in restoring the institutions of State authority;

  Help with the return of refugees and displaced persons;

  Assistance with mine  clearance and restoration of the essential  elements
of State infrastructure;

  Provision  of  humanitarian   and  other  forms   of  assistance   to  the
population;

  Help in reintegrating former members of armed bands into civilian life;

  Creation   of  the   conditions  required   for  free  elections   to  the
representative organs of civilian authority;

  Help with efforts to defend human rights.

  Military observers or individual CPF units  may be temporarily deployed in
certain areas,  provided the parties so  agree, to  guarantee the fulfilment
of agreements.
  4.  Interaction with the United Nations and OSCE

  When working  to settle conflicts  in accordance with Chapter  VIII of the
Charter of the United Nations, the  Commonwealth of Independent States shall
closely interact  with other  international organizations, and  particularly
with the  United  Nations  and  OSCE.    Such  interaction  shall  take  the
following forms:

  Preparations  for  and  conduct   of  multi-level  consultations   between
representatives of CIS, the United Nations and OSCE;

  Assistance  to  the  peace-keeping  efforts  of  different  missions   and
representatives of the United Nations and OSCE;

  Cooperation  in  promoting the  political  settlement  process,  including
assistance with talks between conflicting parties;

  Provision of  information to the United  Nations Security  Council and the
corresponding organs of OSCE on decisions relating to the conduct of PKO;

  Provision of necessary  information to the Secretary-General of the United
Nations  and to  OSCE for  the purpose  of  increasing the  effectiveness of
preventive diplomacy and other forms of peace-keeping activity;

  Discussion in  the United Nations  Security Council and corresponding OSCE
organs of issues relating  to the settlement  of conflicts in the  territory
of States members of CIS;

  Interaction,  coordination of  efforts and  cooperation between  CPF,  the
Group  of Military Observers and observer missions of the United Nations and
OSCE;

  Participation in  the further elaboration of  the international legal  and
conceptual foundations of peace-keeping activities.

  With a  view to  refining and  further developing the  interaction of  CIS
with the United Nations  and OSCE on a  basis of complementarity  of efforts
and  a  reasonable  balance  between  the  political,  moral  and  financial
responsibilities of  all involved in  conflict settlement, the  Commonwealth
favours  the conduct of  full-scale PKO  under United  Nations auspices when
resolving  conflicts in  the territory  of States members  of CIS,  with CPF
participation.

  The States members  of CIS shall adhere  to an agreed  collective position
in their  international contacts on issues  relating to  conflicts where CIS
is pursuing a settlement in its capacity as  a regional organization.   They
shall exchange information on such contacts  and consult on issues requiring
additional  measures  to  ensure  the  success  of  CIS  conflict-settlement
efforts.


5.  General issues

  The  collective  peace-keeping activities  of  States  members  of CIS  to
prevent and settle conflicts  shall be directed by  the Council of  Heads of
State  of CIS. The Council of Heads of State of  CIS shall take the decision
to  conduct  PKO,  shall  confirm  the  Mandate  specifying  the  powers and
composition of CPF and  the tasks and duration  of the operation,  and shall

appoint the  Head of the peacekeeping  mission or  Special Representative of
CIS for  settlement of the conflict,  the Commander of  CPF and also,  where
appropriate, the Chief of the military observer group.   The Head of mission
and the CPF  Unified Command shall be  responsible for drawing up  proposals
for extensions of PKO.

  The  Head  of  mission  (or  Special  Representative)  shall  be  a person
invested by  the Council of Heads of State of CIS with appropriate powers in
the area of conflict, acting on behalf of and reporting to the Council.   He
shall  bear full  responsibility for political aspects  of the peace-keeping
operation and shall monitor discharge of the Mandate to conduct PKO.

  The Commander of CPF  (or Chief of  the military observer group) shall  be
in direct command of  the forces (military observer  group) and ensure  that
they  perform their  appointed tasks  in accordance  with the  Mandate.   He
shall, as a rule,  be appointed by  the State which contributes the  largest
(in terms of numbers) troop contingent  or detachment of military  observers
to CPF.

  For  the purpose  of  managing action  by CPF  conducting  PKO,  a Unified
Command  shall  be established,  consisting  of  representatives  of  States
participating in the operation.

  The process of talks to prevent and settle  conflicts shall be directed by
the  Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs, which  shall keep the Council
of Heads of State of CIS regularly informed concerning the progress of  such
talks.
ANNEX II

Decision on the extension of the length of stay of the Collective
Peace-keeping Forces in the Republic of Tajikistan, adopted in  
Moscow on 19 January 1996


  The Heads of the States taking part in this decision,

  In  connection  with the  appeal  by  the President  of  the  Republic  of
Tajikistan to  extend the  length of  stay of  the Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces in the Republic of Tajikistan,

  Guided by paragraph 2 of the decision  on the establishment of  collective
peace-keeping  forces   and  the  commencement  of  their  operation  of  24
September 1993,

  Noting the role of the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces in deterring armed
clashes,  ensuring  peace in  the  Republic  of Tajikistan  and  maintaining
stability on the Tajik-Afghan section of the border,

  Taking  into consideration the political steps and  peacemaking efforts by
the leadership of  the Republic  of Tajikistan to  bring about a  successful
conclusion  of  the  inter-Tajik  negotiation  process for  the  purpose  of
achieving civil harmony and security in the Republic of Tajikistan,

  Have decided:

  To  extend the length  of stay  of the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces in
the Republic of Tajikistan from 1 January to 30 June 1996; and

  To recommend  that the  Government of  the Republic  of Tajikistan  should
substantially  intensify  the  inter-Tajik  dialogue  with  fuller  use   of
existing mechanisms with the participation of the opposition,  international
organizations and,  above all,  on the  basis of  the existing  conciliation
commissions.


  DONE at Moscow  on 19 January  1996 in  one authentic copy in  the Russian

language.  The authentic  copy shall be kept in the Executive Secretariat of
the Commonwealth of Independent States, which  shall transmit to each  State
that has signed this decision its certified copy.


For the Republic of Armenia:  For the Republic of Moldova:  
  (Signed)  L. TER-PETROSYAN
        For the Russian Federation:   
For the Azerbaijan Republic:    (Signed)  B. YELTSIN        

For the Republic of Belarus:  For the Republic of Tajikistan:
  (Signed)  A. LUKASHENKO    (Signed)  E. RAKHMONOV      

 For Georgia:    For Turkmenistan:             
  (Signed)  E. SHEVARDNADZE
         For Ukraine:                  
For the Republic of Kazakstan  
  (Signed)  N. NAZARBAEV  For the Republic of Uzbekistan:
          (Signed)  I. KARIMOV        
For the Kyrgyz Republic:  
  (Signed)  A. AKAEV

ANNEX III

      Decision on the extension of the length of stay and the
      mandate of the Collective Peace-keeping Forces in the
      zone conflict in Abkhazia, Georgia, adopted in Moscow
on 19 January 1996


  The  Council of Heads of  State of the Commonwealth  of Independent States
(CIS),

  Confirming their previous  decisions concerning the conflict in  Abkhazia,
Georgia,

  Confirming  also  their  unswerving  commitment  to  the  sovereignty  and
territorial integrity of Georgia,

  Highly appreciating the  contribution which  the Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces, in  cooperation and  coordination with the  United Nations  Observer
Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) is making to the stabilization  of the situation
in the  conflict zone,  where the  sides are,  on the  whole, observing  the
Agreement on a Cease-fire and Separation of Forces of 14 May 1994,

  Considering  the corresponding  appeals by the sides  for the continuation
of the functioning of the Collective Peace-keeping Forces,

  Emphasizing   the  urgent  need  to  achieve  practical   results  at  the
negotiations on a comprehensive settlement of the conflict and implement    
    the right of the refugees and the displaced  persons to return to  their
homes,

  Has decided:

  1.  To  extend the length of stay  of the Collective Peace-keeping  Forces
in the conflict zone in  Abkhazia, Georgia, from 1 January 1996 to 19  April
1996;

  2.   To entrust the Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the States
Members of the Commonwealth  and the Council of  Ministers of Defence of the
States Members  of  the  Commonwealth  with  the  task of  preparing  by  19
February 1996 an agreed draft new  mandate for the Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces on the basis  of proposals by Georgia for  adoption in due  course by
the  CIS Heads of State with  the possible extension of their length of stay
in the conflict zone until 19 July 1996;

  3.   Taking  into  consideration  the provisions  of the  new  mandate, to
propose, if  necessary,  that  the United  Nations Security  Council  should
consider the question of supplementing  the United Nations military observer
contingent with a civilian  component in order to provide assistance to  the
local  authorities in  the conflict zone  in maintaining order  and a secure
situation, first and foremost,  in the areas for  the planned return  of the
refugees and displaced persons,  which would make it possible to step up the
process of their  return and  would generally  have a  favourable impact  on
prospects for  achieving agreement by the  sides concerning a  comprehensive
political settlement.
    The Commonwealth States members shall be  prepared to provide the United
Nations  Observer Mission  in  Georgia with  the  necessary  civilian-police
contingents for use in the conflict zone.

  This decision shall enter into force on the date of its signature.


  DONE at  Moscow on 19 January  1996 in one authentic  copy in the  Russian
language.  The authentic  copy shall be kept in the Executive Secretariat of
the Commonwealth of Independent States, which  shall transmit to each  State
that has signed this decision its certified copy.


For the Republic of Armenia:  For the Republic of Moldova:
  (Signed)  L. TER-PETROSYAN
         For the Russian Federation:
For the Azerbaijan Republic:    (Signed)  B. YELTSIN
  (Signed)  G. ALIEV
        For the Republic of Tajikistan:
For the Republic of Belarus:    (Signed)  E. RAKHMONOV

For Georgia:    For Turkmenistan:
  (Signed)  E. SHEVARDNADZE
        For Ukraine:
For the Republic of Kazakstan:
  (Signed)  N. NAZARBAEV  For the Republic of Uzbekistan:
          (Signed)  I. KARIMOV
For the Kyrgyz Republic:
  (Signed)  A. AKAEV


ANNEX IV

Decision on measures to settle the conflict in Abkhazia,
Georgia, adopted in Moscow on 19 January 1996


  The Council of  Heads of State of  the Commonwealth of Independent  States
(CIS),

  Declaring their  full support for  the efforts  of the United  Nations and
the  Russian  Federation  aimed  at  achieving  a  comprehensive   political
settlement of the conflict,

  Noting that  the  sides, with  the  assistance  of the  Collective  Peace-
keeping Forces  in the  zone of conflict  in Abkhazia, Georgia,  and of  the
United  Nations  military  observers,  are,  on  the  whole,  observing  the
Agreement on a Cease-fire and Separation of Forces of 14 May 1994,

  Expressing, at the same time, profound concern at  the lack of a  solution
to the political and humanitarian problems brought about by the conflict,

  Referring to the provisions of the Memorandum  on the maintenance of peace
and stability in the Commonwealth of Independent States of  10 February 1995
(Almaty) and the Statement by  the Council of Heads of State of 26 May  1995
(Minsk),

  Confirming their obligations,  under the aforementioned documents, not  to
support separatist regimes,  not to establish  with them political, economic
or other  relations,  and not  to  provide  them with  economic,  financial,
military or other assistance,

  Noting, in this connection, the  need to carry out a series of measures to
influence the Abkhaz side,

  Acting in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,

  Has decided:

1.   To  condemn  the  destructive position  of  the Abkhaz  side, which  is
preventing the achievement of mutually acceptable agreements on a  political
settlement  of  the conflict  and  the  safe and  dignified  return  of  the
refugees and displaced persons to their places of permanent residence.

2.   The  CIS Council of  Heads of  State expects  the sides  to achieve, as
speedily  as  possible, substantial  results at  the  negotiations with  the
mediation  of  the  Russian  Federation,  particularly  with regard  to  the
political questions and the problem of the refugees and displaced persons.

3.   The States  members  of the  Commonwealth of  Independent States  shall
prevent the sale or  delivery to the zone of  conflict, by their citizens or
from their territory or  by means of vessels  or aircraft registered in that
territory, of weapons, all types of  associated technology and spare  parts,
ammunition, and military transport vehicles and equipment. 

4.  The Commonwealth States members shall prohibit:

  (a)   The  provision  to  the Abkhaz  side,  by  their legal  entities  or
individuals or from their territory, of  any technical advice, assistance or
services in the  field of personnel  training or  with regard  to the  other
questions enumerated in paragraph 3;

  (b)   The enlistment of  persons who permanently  reside in  the territory
controlled by the authorities  of the Abkhaz  side for service in the  armed
forces of CIS States members.

5.  The Commonwealth States members shall take measures to:

  (a)  Prevent  the recruitment of their citizens and the sending of them to
the zone  of conflict  in order  to be  part  of any  armed units  operating
there;

  (b)  Return citizens of Commonwealth  States members currently serving  in
armed units of Abkhazia; and

  (c)   Recall all  their officials, representatives or  citizens who are in
the territory under  the control of the authorities  of the Abkhaz side  for
the  purpose of  providing assistance  to  those  authorities in  respect of
military questions.

6.    Confirming  that  Abkhazia  is  an  integral  part  of  Georgia,   the
Commonwealth   States  members  shall   not,  without  the  consent  of  the
Government of Georgia:

  (a)   Conduct trade, economic,  financial, transport  or other  operations
with the authorities of the Abkhaz side, or

  (b)   Enter into  official contacts  with representatives  or officials of
the structures which exist in the territory of Abkhazia or members of  armed
units set up by them.

7.  The States  members of the Commonwealth of Independent States shall  not
permit the functioning in their territories  of missions of the  authorities

of the Abkhaz side or persons who officially represent those authorities.

8.  Guided  by the desire  to achieve a complete settlement  of the conflict
in Abkhazia, Georgia, and, first and foremost,  the immediate, unconditional
and  dignified return of all  refugees and displaced persons to their places
of  permanent   residence,  the  States   members  of  the  Commonwealth  of
Independent States call upon the United  Nations Security Council to support
the  measures  taken by  the CIS  States  members  aimed at  influencing the
authorities of the Abkhaz side and to recommend  that all States Members  of
the Organization should adhere to those measures.

  This decision shall enter into force on the date of its signature. 

   DONE  at Moscow on 19 January  1996 in one  authentic copy in the Russian
language.  The authentic copy shall be kept  in the Executive Secretariat of
the Commonwealth of Independent States, which  shall transmit to each  State
that has signed this decision its certified copy.


For the Republic of Armenia:  For the Republic of Moldova:  
  (Signed)  L. TER-PETROSYAN    (Signed)  M. SNEGUR         

For the Azerbaijan Republic:  For the Russian Federation:   
  (Signed)  G. ALIEV    (Signed)  B. YELTSIN        

For the Republic of Belarus:  For the Republic of Tajikistan:
          (Signed)  E. RAKHMONOV      
For Georgia:
  (Signed)  E. SHEVARDNADZE  For Turkmenistan:             

For the Republic of Kazakstan:  For Ukraine:
  (Signed)  N. NAZARBAEV    (Signed)  L. KUCHMA
        
For the Kyrgyz Republic:  For the Republic of Uzbekistan:
  (Signed)  A. AKAEV    (Signed)  I. KARIMOV        


/...  A/51/62
  S/1996/74
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A/51/62
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ANNEX V

    Decision on the adoption of the statute  on collective peace-    keeping
forces in the Commonwealth of Independent States,
adopted in Moscow on 19 January 1996


  The Council of Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent States,

  Has decided:

  1.    To adopt  the  statute  on  collective peace-keeping  forces  in the
Commonwealth of Independent States  (annexed hereto), bearing  in mind  that
each peace-keeping operation in the Commonwealth is conducted in  accordance
with the Charter of the United Nations;

  2.   To entrust  the Council of  Heads of Government  of the  Commonwealth
with  the task  of  preparing  corresponding draft  documents  defining  the
substance of and financing system for  the comprehensive maintenance of  the
activities and the social protection of  personnel of the collective  peace-
keeping forces  in the  Commonwealth of  Independent States,  and to  submit

them  for  consideration  by   the  Council  of   Heads  of  State  of   the
Commonwealth;

  3.  This decision shall enter into force on the date of its signature.


  DONE at Moscow  on 19 January 1996  in one authentic  copy in  the Russian
language.  The authentic copy shall be kept in the Executive Secretariat  of
the Commonwealth of Independent States, which  shall transmit to each  State
that has signed this decision its certified copy.


For the Republic of Armenia:  For the Republic of Moldova:
  (Signed)  L. TER-PETROSYAN  
        For the Russian Federation:
For the Azerbaijan Republic:    (Signed)  B. YELTSIN  
        
For the Republic of Belarus:  For the Republic of Tajikistan:
  (Signed)  A. LUKASHENKO    (Signed)  E. RAKHMONOV     
        
For Georgia:    For Turkmenistan:
  (Signed)  E. SHEVARDNADZE  
        For Ukraine:
For the Republic of Kazakstan:  
        For the Republic of Uzbekistan:
For the Kyrgyz Republic:    (Signed)  I. KARIMOV
  (Signed)  A. AKAEV  


APPENDIX

Statute on Collective Peace-keeping Forces in the
Commonwealth of Independent States


I.  GENERAL PROVISIONS

  1.    The   Collective  Peace-keeping   Forces  in  the  Commonwealth   of
Independent States (hereinafter referred to as the Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces) shall be a temporary coalition  formation established for the period
required  for  carrying   out  peace-keeping  operations  with  a  view   to
facilitating  the settlement  of conflicts  in  the  territory of  any State
member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

  2.   The international legal  basis for the  establishment and  use of the
Collective Peace-keeping Forces shall be:

  -The Charter of the United Nations;

  -The Charter of the Commonwealth of Independent States;

  -The  Agreement  of  20  March  1992   on  Military  Observer  Groups  and
Collective Peace-Keeping Forces in the Commonwealth of Independent States;

  -The  Protocol of 15  May 1992  on the status of  military observer groups
and  collective peace-keeping  forces  in the  Commonwealth  of  Independent
States;

  -The  Protocol of  15 May  1992 on  the provisional  arrangements for  the
formation and  deployment of military  observer groups and collective peace-
keeping forces in  areas of conflict  between and within the  States members
of the Commonwealth of Independent States;

  -The  Protocol of 15 May  1992 on the staffing,  structure, logistical and
financial  support of  military  observer groups  and the  collective peace-
keeping forces in the Commonwealth of Independent States;

  -Bilateral  and multilateral  international  agreements in  the  field  of
peace-keeping operations.

  3.  An appropriate decision shall be taken to conduct every  peace-keeping
operation.

  A political  decision  of principle  to  conduct  an operation  using  the
Collective Peace-keeping Forces  shall be taken by  the Council of  Heads of
State  of the  Commonwealth of  Independent States  (hereinafter called  the
Council  of Heads  of  State)  by consensus  following an  appeal by  one or
several States members  of the Commonwealth, at the  request of or with  the
consent  of  all  the  conflicting  sides,  and also  on  condition  that an
agreement has been reached between the  parties on negotiating a  cease-fire
and suspending  hostilities prior to the  dispatch of  the Collective Peace-
keeping Forces to the conflict zone.

  The mandate  for each  peace-keeping operation  shall be  ratified by  the
Council of Heads of State on the recommendation  of the Council of Ministers
for Foreign Affairs of the States  members of the Commonwealth  (hereinafter
referred  to  as the  Council  of Ministers  for  Foreign  Affairs)  and the
Council of Ministers  of Defence of the  States members of the  Commonwealth
(hereinafter referred to as the Council of Ministers of Defence).

  The Council of Heads of State  shall immediately inform the United Nations
Security  Council and  the Chairman  of  the  Organization for  Security and
Cooperation in  Europe (OSCE)  of its  decision to  conduct a  peace-keeping
operation.

  Taking account  of the  situation and the  scale of the  conflict, and  in
accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,  the Council of Heads  of
State may request authorization  (a mandate) and  financial assistance  from
the United Nations Security Council to conduct the peace-keeping operation.

  The operations  of the  Collective Peace-keeping  Forces must  not violate
the sovereignty,  territorial integrity and  inviolability of the  frontiers
of the States in whose territory the operation is being conducted.

  The  Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces  shall  not  be  a  substitute  for
settling a conflict through negotiations.

  4.  The allocation of military  contingents, military observers and police
(militia)  and civilian  personnel to  the Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces
shall  be  conducted in  accordance  with  the  legislation  of the  sending
States.


          II.  COMPOSITION, TASKS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE
               COLLECTIVE PEACE-KEEPING FORCES

  5.   The  composition of  the  Collective  Peace-keeping Forces  shall  be
decided  by the Council of Heads of State and  by the mandate for conducting
the peace-keeping operation.   On the basis of the  scale of the tasks to be
addressed and the  specific nature of  the situation in  the conflict  zone,
the Collective Peace-keeping  Forces may include military, police  (militia)
and   civilian  personnel,   from  which   the  following  units   shall  be
established:

  -  The Joint Command;

-  Combat units (subunits);

-  A military observer group;

-  A group of experts;

-Police (militia) subunits;

   -  Combat and logistical support units (subunits);

-Other echelons and  subunits providing  backup in  carrying out  designated
tasks.

  6.  In  conducting peace-keeping operations, the Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces may be entrusted with the following tasks:

  -Observing compliance with the conditions of  the truce and the  ceasefire
agreement, and  contributing to the establishment  of a  secure situation in
troubled  areas by ensuring  the visible  presence of  the Collective Peace-
keeping Forces;

  -Designating  zones  of  responsibility,  separating  the  warring  sides,
creating  demilitarized  zones,  buffer  zones  and humanitarian  corridors,
helping to reduce the concentration of  the parties' forces, and  preventing
movement by or conflict between them in these zones;

  -Creating  conditions for  negotiations and other measures  for a peaceful
settlement of the conflict, the restoration of law and order and the  normal
functioning of state and public institutions and organizations;

  -Establishing the facts with respect to  violations of the cease-fire  and
truce agreements and investigating such violations;

  -Monitoring the  countryside and the activities  of the  population in the
zone of responsibility,  preventing mass disturbances and promoting  respect
for human rights;

  -Monitoring  the  clearance  of  fortifications,  obstructions  and   mine
fields;

  -Protecting essential facilities;

  -Taking measures  to ensure  communication between  the conflicting  sides
and the security of official meetings between them at all levels;

  -Monitoring  transport  and  stopping  the  illegal  import or  export  of
military equipment, weapons, ammunition and explosives;

  -Ensuring the safe transit of all forms  of transport and the  functioning
of communications;

  -Promoting the  establishment of normal  contacts between the  populations
of the conflicting sides;

  -Assisting  in  the   provision  of  humanitarian   aid  to  the  civilian
population;

  -Ensuring the smooth delivery of humanitarian aid;

   -Participating in the implementation of decisions and recommendations  of
the  United Nations Security  Council, OSCE  bodies and  other international
organizations involved in settling the conflict peacefully.

  7.   The  Joint  Command  shall be  the organ  of  military administration
intended for  the direction of the  Collective Peace-keeping  Forces, and it
may consist of:

  -A  command   group  consisting   of  the  Commander  of   the  Collective
Peacekeeping  Forces (hereinafter referred  to as  the Commander), the Chief
of Staff  and First  Deputy Commander,  the Commander's  deputies and  other
officers in accordance  with the organizational structure and  establishment
of the Joint Command approved by the Council of Ministers of Defence;

  -A Staff consisting of the Chief  of Staff, his deputies,  representatives

of  the  armed forces  of  the  States  participating  in the  peace-keeping
operation  (hereinafter  referred  to  as the  States  participating  in the
operation) and the corresponding structural subunits;

  -Subunits  of combat arms, special  troops and the rear in accordance with
the organizational structure and establishment of the Joint Command.

  8.  The functions of the Joint Command shall include:

  -Putting  into effect the  decisions of  the Council of Heads  of State on
the use of the Collective Peace-keeping Forces in the conflict zone;

  -Analysing the military and political situation  in the conflict zone  and
submitting reports  containing conclusions and proposals  to the Council  of
Heads of State and the Council of Ministers of Defence;

  -Directing  the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces  in the  preparation  and
conduct of peace-keeping operations;

  -Elaborating and implementing measures to raise  the level of training  of
command echelons, units and subunits of the Collective Peacekeeping Forces;

  -Cooperating with the  leadership of the receiving State, the  conflicting
sides, the  local  authorities and  representatives of  the United  Nations,
OSCE and other international organizations in the conflict zone;

  -Cooperating  with  the frontier  troops  of  the  States  members of  the
Commonwealth of Independent States in the conflict zone;

  -Participating  in  the  negotiating  process  aimed  at  stabilizing  the
situation in the conflict zone;
    -Organizing   mutual  support   with  the   command  echelons   of   the
participating States and their Staffs with  a view to coordinating  military
cooperation  between the States  members of  the Commonwealth of Independent
States (hereinafter  referred  to as  the  Staff  for coordinating  military
cooperation) in the formation  of the units and  subunits of the  Collective
Peace-keeping  Forces  and  the  provision  to  them  of  weapons,  military
equipment and logistical support.

  9.    The  Commander  of  the  Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces  shall be
appointed  by a  decision of  the Council  of Heads  of State  on  the joint
recommendation  of the  Council of  Ministers  for  Foreign Affairs  and the
Council of Ministers of  Defence.  The Commander shall be accountable to the
Council of  Heads of State.   He shall be directly  in charge of the  entire
personnel of the Collective Peace-keeping Forces.

  The Commander's functions shall include:

  -Putting  into  effect  decisions  by  the   Council  of  Heads  of  State
concerning the use of Collective Peace-keeping Forces;

  -Submitting reports to the  Council of Heads  of State and the Council  of
Ministers  of  Defence  regarding  the  military,  political  and   tactical
situation in the conflict zone, the results of  the performance of tasks and
proposals for subsequent operations of the Collective Peacekeeping Forces;

  -Coordinating  and   harmonizing   the   operations  of   the   Collective
Peacekeeping  Forces with  the  Main Peace-keeping  Mission  or  the Special
Representative (if  these have  been appointed by  the Council  of Heads  of
State  of the Commonwealth) in  order to promote attainment of the objective
of finding a political settlement to the conflict;

  -Directing  the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces  in the  preparation  and
conduct of peace-keeping operations;

  -Organizing and maintaining  working contacts with representatives of  the

United  Nations, OSCE, and other international organizations in the conflict
zone,  the Ministries  of  Foreign Affairs,  Defence, Security  and Internal
Affairs of the States members of  the Commonwealth, the political leadership
of the receiving State and representatives of the conflicting sides;

  -Conducting  negotiations,   within  the  limits   of  his  powers,   with
representatives of the conflicting sides and international organizations;

  -Providing  representatives of  missions and  other bodies  of the  United
Nations and  OSCE  with up-to-date  information  on  the activities  of  the
Collective Peace-keeping  Forces to the extent  necessary to  enable them to
deal with issues in the conflict zone, and also to enable them  to visit the
units and subunits of those Forces;

   -Organizing and directing the special training  of the staff officers and
troops under his command;

  -Administering  the finances and logistical-support materials allocated to
the Collective Peace-keeping Forces for their work;

  -Organizing and directing the withdrawal of  troops from the conflict zone
in  the  event  of  the  conclusion   or  suspension  of  the  peace-keeping
operation.

  The  Commander shall have the right to make  changes to the organizational
structure and establishment of the Joint  Command by increasing or  reducing
the  prescribed establishment  strength by  up to 10  per cent  in agreement
with the Ministers of Defence of the sending States.

  10.  The Staff shall  be the main command echelon of the Joint Command  of
the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces.  It shall be formed  through a process
of coalition  involving representatives of all  the States participating  in
the operation.

  The functions of the Staff shall include:

  Collecting and analysing data on the  military and political situation  in
the  conflict zone and  preparing conclusions and proposals  for a report to
the Commander;

  Formulating proposals for the preparation and conduct of the operation;

  Planning  the  deployment  of  the  Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces  and
ensuring that  units and  subunits are promptly  informed of their  tasks as
decided by the Commander;

  Organizing command, liaison and all-round support;

  Maintaining liaison  with the  general staffs  (military headquarters)  of
the armed forces of the States  participating in the peace-keeping operation
and with  the Headquarters  Staff for  coordinating military cooperation  on
questions of all-round support for the Collective Peace-keeping Forces;

  Promoting  the  conduct  of  negotiations,  official  meetings  and  other
activities with  a view  to settling  the conflict and  achieving the  goals
defined by the Mandate for the conduct of the peace-keeping operation;

  Maintaining records  of the fighting  strength, numerical composition  and
deployment  of  the  units and  subunits  of  the  Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces;

  Preparing reports  to the  Council of Heads  of State and  the Council  of
Ministers of Defence on the progress of the peace-keeping operation;

  Monitoring the fulfilment of the assigned tasks.

   11.   The  Staff shall be  headed by a Chief  of Staff, who  shall be the
First  Deputy  Commander and  shall  be  directly  in charge  of  the entire
personnel of the Collective Peace-keeping Forces.

  The functions of the Chief of Staff shall include:

  Organizing  the collection,  consolidation  and  analysis of  data on  the
situation in the conflict zone;

  Submitting to  the Commander  conclusions based  on an  assessment of  the
military, political and  tactical situation in  the conflict zone, proposals
for the  deployment of the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces,  and reports on
the fulfilment of the assigned tasks;

  Coordinating the work carried out by the Staff  and other elements of  the
Joint  Command  in planning  the  peace-keeping  operation,  and  organizing
command, liaison and all-round support;

  Establishing and maintaining  liaison with the military command,  security
and internal  affairs  organs of  the  States  participating in  the  peace-
keeping operation and representatives of  missions and other  United Nations
and OSCE  bodies with  a view  to performing  the assigned duties,  and also
with the command of the border forces stationed in the conflict zone;

  On  the  instructions  of  the  Commander,  providing  representatives  of
missions and  other bodies of  the United Nations  and OSCE with  up-to-date
information on  the activities  of the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces  and
also arranging  visits by  these representatives  to units  and subunits  of
those Forces;

  Establishing  liaison and  maintaining contacts  with the  leaders  of the
parties to the conflict and with  local authorities and public organizations
in the conflict zone;

  Participating in the  organization of negotiations, official meetings  and
other activities with a view to settling the conflict;

  Maintaining records  of the fighting  strength, numerical composition  and
deployment  of  the  units  and  subunits  of  the  Collective Peace-keeping
Forces;

  Organizing  and  carrying  out monitoring  of  the  implementation of  the
decisions adopted by the Commander and of the assigned tasks.

  12.    The  combat  units  (subunits)  shall constitute  the  core  of the
Collective Peace-keeping  Forces.  The personnel  of the  combat units shall
be  drawn  from   national  military  contingents  assigned  by  the  States
participating in  the peace-keeping operation.   Their  composition and size
shall  be determined  by the  mandate for the  conduct of  the peace-keeping
operation.

  13.  The military  observer group shall be a special subunit consisting of
military  personnel  of  the  States  participating  in  the   peace-keeping
operation.  It may  carry out  duties  within the  Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces or independently.
    As a  rule, the  military observer group  shall be used  to monitor  and
verify how  the parties to the  conflict are complying  with the obligations
they have  assumed, for example,  cease-fire agreements,  limitation of  the
numerical strength of the armed forces in a given region, and withdrawal  of
their troops from the regions in question and their demobilization.

  Monitoring and  verification shall  include not  only  observation of  the
implementation of  agreements, but also activities  aimed at persuading  the
parties  to respect  their obligations, for example,  through restoration of
the status quo after the violation of a cease-fire agreement.

  The  military  observer  group  may also  perform  many  other  functions,
including monitoring  of the situation and  submission of reports  on it, as
well as maintenance of communications with the parties to the conflict.

  14.   The function of  the group  of experts is  to study  and assess  the
military and  political situation, the  settlement processes and the actions
of  the  Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces,  to  make  forecasts  about  the
development of  the situation and to  prepare appropriate  proposals for the
adoption  of decisions  by the  Commander.   It  may  be invited  to prepare
proposals  for the  solution  of contentious  issues  requiring  specialized
knowledge.

  15.  The police (militia) subunits  shall consist of personnel assigned by
the States participating in the peace-keeping operation.

  They  shall be designated  to assist in ensuring  legality, law and order,
human rights and  the normal functioning  of State institutions in  the area
where the peace-keeping operation is being conducted.

  The police  (militia) subunits  assigned to  the Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces by the States participating in  the peace-keeping operation shall  be
under the authority of the Commander.

  16.  The combat and logistical  support units (subunits) shall  consist of
military  formations assigned  by  the  States participating  in the  peace-
keeping operation which are designated to  provide all-round support for the
Collective Peace-keeping Forces.


III.  FORMATION AND TRAINING OF THE COLLECTIVE
      PEACE-KEEPING FORCES                   

  17.    The Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces  shall  be  formed through  a
process of  coalition  involving  the  States participating  in  the  peace-
keeping operation.

  18.   The  command  bodies,  and units  and subunits,  shall be  formed of
military  personnel serving in the  armed forces of the sending States under
contract and  on conscription, and  also by  pre-selected civilian personnel
serving on  a voluntary basis.   Conscripted  soldiers and  non-commissioned
officers  must have  completed at  least six  months'  service in  the armed
forces.

   Upon  selection for  the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces,  military  and
civilian personnel must undergo medical examinations  and be fit for service
in the climatic conditions of the area of conflict.

  The military  observer group shall  be formed from  officers of the  armed
forces of the States participating in the peace-keeping operation.

  19.  The sending States  shall bear full responsibility for the condition,
training,  equipping and outfitting  of the  military and civilian personnel
and for transporting them to the area of the conflict.

  20.  Military and civilian personnel  (hereinafter - the personnel)  shall
be  assigned to the  Collective Peace-keeping  Forces on  a temporary basis,
for  periods of up to six months, and their names  shall not be removed from
the  personnel  registers   of  their  military  units,  establishments   or
organizations.

  All personnel shall conclude  contracts in accordance  with their national
legislation for their  period of service  with the  Collective Peace-keeping
Forces.

  21.   Training of  the personnel  of the  Collective Peace-keeping  Forces
shall take place at the centralized level -  at unified training centres for

the Commonwealth  - or  independently, at  training centres  of the  sending
States, and shall  be conducted under  a unified  programme approved by  the
Council  of  Ministers  of  Defence  in  coordination  with  the  Council of
Ministers for Foreign Affairs.  The basic goal  of the training shall be for
the personnel  to  acquire the  knowledge  and  practical skills  needed  to
perform peace-keeping functions.

  Coordination and monitoring of the implementation  of the measures for the
selection  and training  of the  personnel of  the Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces shall be  entrusted to the Council  of Ministers for Foreign  Affairs
and the Council of Ministers of Defence in their areas of competence.

  22.  The  training of military  observers shall  be conducted in  training
centres  (at courses)  under special  training  programmes approved  by  the
Council  of Ministers of Defence.   The goal of the training  shall be their
acquisition of  the  necessary  specialized  knowledge and  skills  for  the
successful performance of the assigned functions.

  23.    Civilian personnel  must have  an  education (political,  military,
legal,  humanitarian etc.)  corresponding  to the  objectives of  the peace-
keeping mission and, at  their level, must be  able to understand  a complex
socio-political situation and take appropriate decisions.


            IV.  BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR THE DEPLOYMENT OF THE COLLECTIVE
                 PEACE-KEEPING FORCES

  24.    The  Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces  may  be  introduced  into a
conflict region  only after  the parties to  the conflict have  agreed on  a
cease-fire or truce and have put these agreements  into effect.  The actions
of  the  Collective Peace-keeping  Forces  must  not  go  beyond the  powers
defined in the mandate.
    25.   National contingents shall come  under the direct authority of the
Commander as  soon  as their  commander  (officer  in charge)  has  reported
arrival in the area of the conflict.

  26.   The  basic principles  of  action  by the  Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces shall be:

  Impartiality and neutrality;

  Compliance with the laws of the receiving State;

  Respect for the customs and traditions of the local population;

  Non-participation in combat operations;

  Non-use  of weapons,  other than  in  the  exceptional cases  envisaged in
paragraph 28 of this Statute;

  Transparency (openness of activity).

  27.    The  personnel  of  the   Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces,   when
performing  their tasks  and on  duty,  shall  carry regulation  weapons and
shall be personally responsible for their care and proper use.

  28.   When performing  their functions,  the personnel  of the  Collective
Peace-keeping Forces  shall, by  way of  exception, have  the  right to  use
weapons:

  To ensure their security and protection  against any endangerment of their
life and health in exercise of their inalienable right to self-defence;

  In the event of  attempts to prevent them by  force from carrying  out the
functions entrusted to them;

  To  repel an  overt  armed  attack by  groups  or bands  of terrorists  or
saboteurs, and also in order to arrest them;

  To  protect the  civilian population  from violent  endangerment  of their
life and health.

  Weapons may also be used to give an alarm signal or call for assistance.

  29.   When using weapons, all possible  steps must be  taken to ensure the
safety  of elderly people,  women, children  and other  civilians, except in
cases where they offer armed resistance or a group attack is launched  which
threatens the lives of the personnel  of the Collective Peace-keeping Forces
and of other civilians and cannot be repelled by any other means.

  All cases of the use of weapons shall  be reported immediately through the
command structure, and shall be officially investigated.

  The use of heavy weapons, especially weapons with indiscriminate  effects,
against the civilian population is not permissible.
 
V.  TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR THE COLLECTIVE PEACE-KEEPING FORCES

  30.  Military contingents, including military, technical and rear  support
units  (subunits),  shall  be  fully  supplied  with  weapons  and  military
equipment,  spare parts and  military and  technical supplies, and technical
servicing,  evacuation and  repair components  under schedules,  tables  and
norms  specially drawn  up for  them, taking into  account the  physical and
geographical conditions of  the region in which  their tasks are carried out
and in accordance with individual agreements.

  31.   Supplies for the technical  support of  the Collective Peace-keeping
Forces,  the repair  of equipment  and the  replacement of  losses shall  be
provided and delivered by the sending States.

  32.   The sending  State shall  acquire  any technical  supplies which  it
lacks  from  other  States members  of  the  Commonwealth  on  the  basis of
agreements and mutual settlements.


VI.  LOGISTIC SUPPORT OF THE COLLECTIVE PEACE-KEEPING FORCES

  33.  Rear support and routine  services for national military contingents,
military observers  and civilian  personnel shall  be the  responsibility of
the sending State.

  The   receiving  State   shall  provide  military   contingents,  military
observers  and  civilian   personnel  with  living  and  service   quarters,
communications facilities and other elements of infrastructure.

  34.  The sending  States shall acquire any materials which they lack  from
other  States members  of the  Commonwealth on  the basis  of agreements and
mutual settlements.

  35.  In accordance with existing  international agreements and norms,  the
transport of  material supplies  for the  support of  the Collective  Peace-
keeping Forces in the  territory of the  States members of the  Commonwealth
shall be carried out by mutual agreement and  without hindrance.  The States
members  of  the  Commonwealth  through  whose  territories   the  cargo  is
transported  shall take all  necessary measures  to ensure  its security and
timely shipment.

  36.    Medical care  for  the  Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces shall  be
organized by the  Joint Command in coordination  with the medical  bodies of
the receiving  State and  shall be  provided at  the expense of  the sending
States.

  37.  The provision of military  contingents, police (militia) and civilian
personnel of  the Collective Peace-keeping Forces  shall be  financed by the
sending States or under  any other procedure that  may be determined  by the
Council of Heads of State.

  38.    The   Joint  Command  shall  be   financed  by  means  of  assessed
contributions from the States participating in the peace-keeping operation.
 
           VII.  STATUS AND SOCIAL-LEGAL PROTECTION OF THE PERSONNEL OF
                 THE COLLECTIVE PEACE-KEEPING FORCES

  39.   For the  duration of  their service in  the Collective Peace-keeping
Forces,  personnel  shall  enjoy  the  status,  privileges  and   immunities
accorded  to   United  Nations  personnel   when  conducting   peace-keeping
operations in  accordance with  the Convention on Privileges  and Immunities
of the United Nations  adopted by the General  Assembly on 13 February 1946,
the Convention  on the  Safety of  United Nations  and Associated  Personnel
approved by the General Assembly on 9 December 1994, the Protocol of 15  May
1992 on the Status of military  observer groups and collective peace-keeping
forces in the Commonwealth of Independent States, and this Statute.

  40.   A  continuous term  of deployment  for personnel  in the  Collective
Peacekeeping Forces shall not  exceed six months.   The prescribed term  may
be extended only with the consent of the  person concerned on an  individual
basis.

  41.   Personnel of the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces  shall continue to
receive  in  full the  pay (salary),  increments, and  additional allowances
payable at their place of regular service (employment).

  42.  The social  and legal guarantees prescribed in this Statute shall not
apply  to persons  who  abandon their  military  unit or  place  of  service
(employment) without  leave or to  persons who have committed  an act liable
to  criminal  prosecution while  serving  in  the  Collective  Peace-keeping
Forces.

  43.    The  period of  deployment  of  the  personnel  of  the  Collective
Peacekeeping Forces shall be determined by order of the Commander.


VIII.  SYMBOLS OF THE COLLECTIVE PEACE-KEEPING FORCES

  44.     The  Collective   Peace-keeping  Forces   shall  have   their  own
distinguishing   insignia,  which   must  be   easily  recognizable   at   a
considerable distance and in limited visibility.

  Identification  insignia shall  be  worn by  personnel on  their uniforms,
painted  on combat  equipment and  means  of  transport, erected  at command
posts and  positions of  the Collective  Peace-keeping Forces,  and also  at
demarcation lines  (lines separating  the conflicting  sides) in  accordance
with the appendix.


APPENDIX

Description and illustration of the distinguishing insignia
of the Collective Peace-keeping Forces


  The  distinguishing   insignia  of   the  personnel   of  the   Collective
Peacekeeping Forces shall be a light blue strip of cloth 50 mm  wide and 100
mm long  with the yellow letters "MC" in the centre; the strip shall be sewn
to the left  sleeve of the field  jacket 10 mm below  the pocket and  to the
cotton service cap 10 mm above the base of the peak.  On the steel helmet  a
light blue painted  strip shall entirely encircle  the helmet at a  distance
of 25 mm from the edge  of the front part of the helmet.  The letters  shall

be 30 mm high;  the width of the letter "M" shall  be 25 mm and that of  the
letter "C" shall be 18 mm; the thickness of the letters shall be 5 mm.

  Combat equipment  and means  of transport shall  be painted  with a  light
blue  strip 150 mm wide with a  400 mm-diameter circle in the  centre of the
strip.  The circle  shall contain the yellow  letters "MC" measuring  300 mm
in  height.  The width  of the letter  "M" shall  be 150 mm and  that of the
letter "C"  shall be 110 mm;  the thickness of the  letters shall  be 25 mm.
The distinguishing  insignia shall be carried on the front  and rear section
of the  vehicle (object) along  an axis running  from the top  and down  the
sides and along the centre and entire length of the body (cabin).

  Positions  and  demarcation  lines  shall  be   marked  by  flags  of  the
Commonwealth of Independent States.

  Flag dimensions:

  At  the command  post of  the  Commander  of the  Collective Peace-keeping
Forces - 1 x 2 metres;

  At  the  command  posts  of  units,  command  and  observation  posts  and
observation posts of subunits and other duty stations - 0.5 x 1 metres;

  At lines of demarcation between the conflicting sides - 1 x 2 metres;

  Pennants displaying the  symbol of the Commonwealth  measuring 20 x 40  cm
shall  be affixed to  combat equipment and means  of transport, and pennants
measuring 15 x 30 cm shall be affixed to passenger vehicles.

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ANNEX VI

Decision on the Statute on the Flag of the Commonwealth
of Independent States


  The Council  of Heads of  State of the Commonwealth  of Independent States
has decided:

  1.   To approve the Statute on the Flag of the Commonwealth of Independent
States (attached).

  2.    That the  Heads  of  State  shall take  the  necessary  measures  to
establish in  the  legislation of  their  States  liability for  acts  which
undermine the dignity of the flag of  the Commonwealth of Independent States
and the  use of  the flag  in breach  of the  regulations prescribed  by the
Statute on the Flag of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

  3.  To instruct  the Executive Secretariat of the Commonwealth to draw  up
technical  specifications  for   the  manufacture   of  the   flag  of   the
Commonwealth  of Independent States, an authorization procedure  for the use
of  the flag  and instructions  for  its depiction  in accordance  with  the
Statute.


  DONE  at  Moscow  on 19  January  1996  in  one  original  in the  Russian
language. The original shall be deposited  with the Executive Secretariat of
the Commonwealth of  Independent States,  which shall send certified  copies
thereof to the States signatories to this decision.


For the Republic of Armenia:For the Azerbaijan Republic: 
  (Signed)  L. TER-PETROSYAN(Signed)  G. ALIEV          

For the Republic of Belarus:For Georgia:                  
  [No signature](Signed)  E. SHEVARDNADZE   

For the Republic of Kazakstan:For the Kyrgyz Republic:      
  (Signed)  N. NAZARBAEV(Signed)  A. AKAEV          

For the Republic of Moldova:For the Russian Federation:   
  (Signed)  M. SNEGUR(Signed)  B. YELTSIN        

For the Republic of Tajikistan:For Turkmenistan:             
  (Signed)  E. RAKHMONOV(Signed)  S. NIYAZOV        

For Ukraine:For the Republic of Uzbekistan:
  [No signature][No signature]              
APPENDIX

Statute on the Flag of the Commonwealth of Independent States


  1.   The  flag of  the  Commonwealth  of Independent  States  (hereinafter
referred  to as the  flag of the  Commonwealth) shall  be the  symbol of the
Commonwealth  of  Independent   States  (hereinafter  referred  to  as   the
Commonwealth)  and shall  consist of a  right-angled dark blue  field in the
centre  of which  is  a  white figure  made up  of vertical  bars, diverging
symmetrically  in the  upper part  of the figure  to right and  left to form
concentric ring-shaped design elements. The  latter broaden towards  the top
and are rounded, while  their length and  width decrease from the centre  of
symmetry  towards the  periphery.   In  the upper  part of  the design  is a
golden  circle  surrounded   by  the   ring-shaped  elements   (illustration
attached).

  The design  symbolizes the  aspiration for  equitable partnership,  unity,
peace and stability.

  The proportion of the width of the flag to its length shall be 1:2.

  2.  The Commonwealth flag shall be flown:

  On buildings occupied by Commonwealth bodies - permanently;

  On official  residences occupied by  persons chairing Commonwealth  bodies
and the Executive Secretary of the  Commonwealth - whenever they are present
in the building;

  On  buildings where meetings  of the statutory and  sectoral bodies of the
Commonwealth take place - whenever such meetings are being held;

  On  vehicles used by  persons chairing  Commonwealth statutory bodies, the
Executive Secretary of  the Commonwealth and  leaders of  other Commonwealth
statutory bodies.

  3.  The Commonwealth flag may  be placed in the offices of Heads of State,
Heads of  Government and Chairmen of  national parliaments  (Chairmen of the
chambers   of  national   parliaments)  of   the  States   members   of  the
Commonwealth, persons chairing Commonwealth  statutory bodies, the Executive
Secretary of  the Commonwealth  and leaders of other  Commonwealth statutory
bodies.

  4.  The  Commonwealth flag shall be  used by the  Collective Peace-keeping
Forces  while they  are conducting  peace-keeping operations and  by special
subunits assigned  to  deal with  the  consequences  of emergencies  in  the
territories of the States members of the Commonwealth.

  5.  The Commonwealth flag may  also be flown by Commonwealth bodies in the
following circumstances:

  On the anniversary of the founding of the Commonwealth;

   On national and  official holidays of the State where a Commonwealth body
is present.

  6.   The Commonwealth flag  may be flown  separately or  together with the
flags of States members of the Commonwealth.

  When the Commonwealth  flag is flown  with another  or a  number of  other
flags,  all the flags  should be at the same  level and of approximately the
same size.

  When the flags of  the States members of  the Commonwealth are arranged in
a circle, the Commonwealth flag should not be  aligned with the others.  The
Commonwealth  flag must  always be  hoisted  on a  flagstaff located  in the
centre or the immediate vicinity of the circle.

  When the flags of the States members of  the Commonwealth are arranged  in
a line,  cluster or  semi-circle, the  Commonwealth flag  should be  hoisted
either separately or in the centre of the line, cluster or semi-circle.

  7.  On days  which have been declared  days of  mourning by a decision  of
the  Council of  Heads of  State, and  on days of  national mourning  of any
State member  of the Commonwealth, Commonwealth  flags flown  on masts shall
be lowered by one third of the length of the mast.  A black ribbon shall  be
affixed to Commonwealth flags displayed on  poles and inside buildings;  the
length of the ribbon shall be equal to the length of the flag.

  8.   The Commonwealth  flag and its  image, regardless of  its size,  must
always  correspond exactly to  its representation  in respect  of colour and
design.

  9.   The Commonwealth flag and  its image may not  be used for  commercial
purposes.

  The image of the Commonwealth flag may be  used for decorative purposes as
the symbol of the  Commonwealth provided that no  disrespect is shown to the
Commonwealth flag.

  10.    Authorization to  use  the  Commonwealth flag  and  its  image  for
representational and other purposes not provided  for in this Statute  shall
be  issued  by  the  Executive  Secretariat  of  the  Commonwealth  with the
participation  of the secretariat  of the Council of the Inter-Parliamentary
Assembly of States members of the Commonwealth.

  11.   Liability  for violating  the requirements of  this Statute  and for
defiling the  Commonwealth flag shall be  prescribed in  accordance with the
legislation of the State in whose territory the violation took place.

ATTACHMENT

Illustration of the flag of the Commonwealth
of Independent States

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ANNEX VII

Decision on the Statute on the emblem of the
Commonwealth of Independent States


The Council of Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent States,

  Has decided:

1.   To adopt the Statute on  the emblem of  the Commonwealth of Independent
States (see appendix).

2.  The Heads of State shall take the  necessary measures to establish under
their State legislation responsibility for actions impairing  the dignity of
the emblem  of the  Commonwealth of Independent  States and for  use of  the
emblem  in violation of the rules set forth in the  Statute on the emblem of
the Commonwealth of Independent States.

3.  To entrust the Executive Secretariat of  the Commonwealth with the  task
of establishing the  procedure for  producing the  CIS emblem  and its  mass
circulation  and  the  procedure  for  the  manufacture,  use,  storage  and
disposal of  seals depicting the emblem  of the  Commonwealth of Independent
States.


  DONE at  Moscow on 19 January  1996 in one  authentic copy  in the Russian
language.  The authentic copy shall be kept in the Executive Secretariat  of
the  Commonwealth of Independent States, which shall send to each State that
has signed this decision its certified copy.


For the Republic of Armenia:  For the Republic of Moldova:
  (Signed)  L. TER-PETROSYAN    (Signed)  M. SNEGUR

For the Azerbaijan Republic:  For the Russian Federation:
  (Signed)  G. ALIEV    (Signed)  B. YELTSIN

For the Republic of Belarus:  For the Republic of Tajikistan:
          (Signed)  E. RAKHMONOV
For Georgia:    
  (Signed)  E. SHEVARDNADZE  For Turkmenistan:
          (Signed)  S. NIYAZOV
For the Republic of Kazakstan:  
  (Signed)  N. NAZARBAEV  For Ukraine:

For the Kyrgyz Republic:  For the Republic of Uzbekistan:
  (Signed)  A. AKAEV
APPENDIX

Statute on the emblem of the Commonwealth of Independent States


1.  The Commonwealth  of Independent States  (hereinafter, the Commonwealth)
shall have  as its emblem (hereinafter, the CIS emblem)  a design consisting
of a framed dark-blue circle containing a white  figure made up of  vertical
bars diverging symmetrically in  the upper part  of the figure to right  and
left to  form concentric ring-shaped elements.   The  latter broaden towards
the top and  are rounded, while  their length  and width  decrease from  the
centre of the symmetrical  figure towards the periphery.   The upper part of
the design  depicts a golden circle  surrounded by  the ring-shaped elements
(illustration attached).

  The design  symbolizes  aspiration towards  equitable partnership,  unity,
peace and stability.

2.   Reproduction of  the CIS emblem  shall be  permitted in  polychromatic,
monochromatic (dark blue or black) and three-dimensional versions.

3.  The CIS emblem shall be displayed:

On buildings housing the statutory and branch bodies  of the Commonwealth of
Independent States;

  On transport vehicles used by them;

  In premises where meetings of Commonwealth bodies are held;

  On the seals and document forms of these bodies;

  On official publications of Commonwealth bodies.

4.    The  reproduction  of  polychromatic,  graphic  and  three-dimensional
depictions  of  the CIS  emblem,  regardless  of  their  size, shall  always
correspond  exactly to  its  polychromatic  or monochromatic  (dark blue  or
black) design.

5.   The CIS emblem may be  reproduced for souvenirs to be  used for display
purposes.

6.   The Commonwealth Executive Secretariat,  with the  participation of the
Secretariat  of   the  Council   of  the  Parliamentary   Assembly  of   the
Commonwealth  States   Members,  shall   be  empowered   to  authorize   the
manufacture and use of  the CIS emblem and its  depiction in cases  that are
not provided for under this Statute.

7.  Responsibility  for infringing the requirements of this Statute shall be
established  in  accordance with  the  legislation  of  the  State in  whose
territory the infringement takes place.


Moscow, 19 January 1995
ATTACHMENT

Monochromatic (black) illustration of the emblem of the
Commonwealth of Independent States

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ANNEX VIII

               Agreement on the training and instruction of military
               and civilian personnel of States members of the
               Commonwealth of Independent States for participation
in peace-keeping operations


  The States  members of the Commonwealth  of Independent  States, guided by
the  long-term plan for  the integrated  development of  the Commonwealth of
Independent States,  adopted by  the decision  of  the Council  of Heads  of
State  of the Commonwealth  of Independent  States of  21 October  1994, the
decision  by the  Collective  Security Council  on  the  collective-security
concept of  the States parties  to the Treaty  on Collective  Security of 10
February 1995, and  also taking  into account the  need for the  coordinated
and  high-quality   training  of   military  and   civilian  personnel   for
participation in peace-keeping operations,

  Have agreed on the following:

Article 1

  In order to enhance the effectiveness  of peace-keeping operations in  the
Commonwealth  of Independent States,  to organize,  as from  1 October 1966,
the training and instruction of military  and civilian personnel assigned to
collective peace-keeping forces  in the Commonwealth of Independent  States,
in accordance with the appended list.

  To permit  the Council of  Ministers of Defence  of the  States Members of
the Commonwealth  of Independent  States and  the Council  of Ministers  for
Foreign  Affairs of the  States Members  of the  Commonwealth of Independent
States to make,  where necessary,  agreed amendments  to the  aforementioned
list.


Article 2

  To  conduct the  training and  instruction  of  the military  and civilian
personnel  referred to in  article 1 of  this Agreement  in training centres
for peace-keeping forces  in accordance  with common programmes approved  by
the  Council  of  Ministers  of  Defence  of  the  States  Members  of   the
Commonwealth  of Independent  States  in coordination  with  the  Council of
Ministers for Foreign Affairs  of the States Members  of the Commonwealth of
Independent States.

  The training centres for peace-keeping forces,  the number of such centres
and the periods when they are  operational, as well as the procedure for the
training  in them  of personnel assigned to  collective peace-keeping forces
in  the  Commonwealth of  Independent  States  shall  be  determined by  the
Commonwealth  Council  of Heads  of  Government  on  the  basis  of a  joint
proposal  by the Council  of Ministers  of Defence of the  States Members of
the Commonwealth  of Independent  States and  the Council  of Ministers  for
Foreign  Affairs of the  States Members  of the  Commonwealth of Independent
States.

   The training  and instruction of police  (militia) personnel assigned  to
police (militia)  subunits shall be conducted  by the  Ministries of Foreign
Affairs of the States parties to this Agreement.


Article 3

  The logistical support for  and the financing of the training centres  for
peace-keeping forces  referred to  in article 2  of this Agreement  shall be
provided by the States in whose territory the centres are situated.


Article 4

  The  training and instruction  of the  military and  civilian personnel of
States members  of the Commonwealth of  Independent States  sent to training
centres for peace-keeping forces of another  State member shall be conducted
in the manner laid down under bilateral instruction contracts.


Article 5

  Questions related  to the training  and instruction,  in training  centres
for peace-keeping  forces, of  military and civilian  personnel assigned  to
the  collective peace-keeping  forces  of the  Commonwealth  of  Independent
States shall be coordinated  by the Council  of Ministers of Defence of  the
States Members  of the  Commonwealth of  Independent  States in  conjunction
with the Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs  of the States Members  of
the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Article 6

  This Agreement shall  be open for  accession by  any State  member of  the
Commonwealth of Independent  States as well as  other States that share  the
goals of this Agreement.


Article 7

  This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of its signing.

  The Agreement  shall be concluded for  a period of  five years.   Upon the
expiry of this period,  the validity of the  Agreement shall be extended for
the following five-year period.

  Any  party  to  this  Agreement  may   denounce  it  by  sending   written
notification  of its  intention  to the  depositary at  least six  months in
advance.   The  depositary shall  inform  all the  parties to  the Agreement
about this within a period of one month.

   DONE at  Moscow on 19  January 1996 in one authentic  copy in the Russian
language.  The authentic  copy shall be kept in the Executive Secretariat of
the Commonwealth of Independent  States, which shall send to each State that
has signed this Agreement its certified copy.


For the Republic of Armenia:
  (Signed)  L. TER-PETROSYAN

For the Azerbaijan Republic:

For the Republic of Belarus:
  (Signed)  A. LUKASHENKO

For Georgia:
  (Signed)  E. SHEVARDNADZE

For the Republic of Kazakstan:

For the Kyrgyz Republic:
  (Signed)  A. ALIEV

For the Republic of Moldova:

For the Russian Federation:
  (Signed)  B. YELTSIN

For the Republic of Tajikistan:
  (Signed)  E. RAKHMONOV

For Turkmenistan:

For Ukraine:

For the Republic of Uzbekistan:
  (Signed)  I. KARIMOV
APPENDIX

            List of the military and civilian personnel to be assigned
            to the collective peace-keeping forces of the Commonwealth
            of Independent States and instructed in training centres
for peace-keeping forces


1.  Military personnel:

The   Joint  Command   of  the   Collective  Peace-keeping  Forces   in  the
Commonwealth of Independent States,

  Combat units (subunits),

  Military observers and liaison officers.

2.  Police (militia) personnel assigned to police (militia) subunits.

3.  Civilian personnel: 

  (a)  Observers of missions to monitor:

    Observance of human rights,

    Actions by local authorities,

    Actions by police (militia) subunits,

  The  holding  of  elections  to  local  self-government  bodies,   central
government bodies and the conducting of referendums;

  (b)Specialists  on  questions  relating  to  the  provision   humanitarian
assistance.
ANNEX IX

            Appeal by the Commonwealth Council of Heads of State to the
            Presidents of the Azerbaijan Republic and the Republic of
Armenia and to the Heads of other States


  The Council of Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent States,

  Welcomes the lengthy cease-fire,  lasting more than 20 months, in the area
of the Nagorny-Karabakh conflict, which was  established after the appeal by
the Commonwealth Council of Heads of State of 15 April 1994;

  Commends  the firm determination of the sides to observe the truce brought
about until  the conclusion of  an agreement on  the cessation  of the armed
conflict and to settle the conflict by exclusively peaceful means;

  Will  continue   to  encourage  and  support  the  persistent  search  for
solutions to  the key problems  of achieving a  political settlement on  the
basis of  the  principles of  the United  Nations and  the Organization  for
Security and  Cooperation in  Europe  (OSCE), with  the active  role of  the
Russian Federation within the framework of OSCE;

  Considers  that it  is a  matter of  top priority  to achieve  substantial
progress  in the negotiations  and proceed, as speedily  as possible, to the
signing  of  a  political  agreement, which  will  make the  halting  of the
bloodshed irreversible and lay the basis  for the subsequent elimination  of
the  severe consequences of  the conflict for  all sides.   The Commonwealth
States members  are  prepared to  facilitate  in  an all-around  manner  the
consolidation  of the  results of  the negotiations  in order  to prevent  a
resumption of fighting;

  Urges that maximum use be made  of the negotiation process,  consultations
and the possibility of shuttle diplomacy in order  to achieve a breakthrough
to a political settlement and the restoration of peace and stability in  the
region,  which would be  an important  contribution to  the strengthening of
our Commonwealth;

  Urges also the States parties participating in  the OSCE Minsk process  to
lend  support to the new steps now being taken  in order to strengthen peace
in the region.

  On behalf  of  the  Council  of Heads  of  State  of the  Commonwealth  of
Independent States,


(Signed)  B. YELTSIN               
Chairman of the Council of Heads of State
 of the Commonwealth of Independent States

Moscow, 19 January 1996


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