United Nations

A/51/619/Add.4


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (d)


             HUMAN RIGHTS QUESTIONS:  COMPREHENSIVE IMPLEMENTATION
             OF AND FOLLOW-UP TO THE VIENNA DECLARATION AND       
                              PROGRAMME OF ACTION

                   Report of the Third Committee (Part V) *

(*  The report of the Committee on agenda item 110 will be issued in
six parts, under the symbol A/51/619 and Add.1-5.)


                  Rapporteur:  Ms. Victoria SANDRU (Romania)


1.   At its 3rd plenary meeting, on 20 September 1996, the General
Assembly, on the recommendation of the General Committee, decided to
include in the agenda of its fifty-first session the item entitled
"Human rights questions:  comprehensive implementation of and follow-
up to the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action" and to allocate
it to the Third Committee.

2.   The Committee considered the item jointly with sub-items 110 (b),
(c) and (e) at its 38th to 49th, 52nd and 54th meetings, on 14, 15, 18
to 22, 26 and 27 November 1996.  An account of the Committee's
discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(A/C.3/51/SR.38-49, 52 and 54).

3.   For the documents before the Committee under this item, see
A/51/619.

4.   At the 38th meeting, on 14 November, the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights made an introductory statement (see
A/C.3/51/SR.38).


                        II.  CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS

                      A.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.67

5.   At the 52nd meeting, on 26 November, the representative of
Austria, on behalf of Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Argentina,
Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium,
Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada,
Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech
Republic, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia,
Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras,
Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kenya, Latvia,
Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia
(Federated States of), Namibia, Nepal, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan,
Panama, Papua New Guinea, Poland, Portugal, the Philippines, the
Republic of Korea, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San
Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain,
Suriname, Sweden, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey,
Ukraine, Venezuela and Zambia, introduced a draft resolution entitled
"Comprehensive implementation of and follow-up to the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action" (A/C.3/51/L.67).  Subsequently,
Andorra, the Bahamas, Cambodia, the Congo, Ecuador, the Gambia,
Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Mongolia, Morocco,
Paraguay, Peru and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.

6.   At the same meeting, the representative of Austria orally revised
the draft resolution by deleting operative paragraph 7, which read:

         "Reiterates the request of the Conference that immediate
     steps be taken to increase substantially the resources for the
     human rights programme from within existing and future regular
     budgets of the United Nations".

7.   At its 54th meeting, on 27 November, the Committee adopted the
draft resolution, as orally revised, without a vote (see para. 9).


                              B.  Draft decision

8.   At its 45th meeting, on 20 November, on the proposal of the
Chairperson, the Committee decided to recommend to the General
Assembly that agenda item 110 (d) be kept open in order to allow the
Working Group of the Third Committee to continue its work (see para.
10).


                 III.  RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE THIRD COMMITTEE

9.   The Third Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


             Comprehensive implementation of and follow-up to the
                  Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 48/121 of 20 December 1993, in which it
endorsed the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, 1/ adopted by
the World Conference on Human Rights, held at Vienna from 14 to
25 June 1993, as well as its subsequent resolutions on this matter,

     Reaffirming the view of the World Conference on Human Rights that
the promotion and protection of human rights is a matter of priority
for the international community,

     Considering that the promotion of universal respect for and
observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms is one of the
basic purposes of the Charter of the United Nations and one of the
main priorities of the Organization, 

     Convinced that the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action has
to be translated into effective action by States, the competent United
Nations organs and organizations and other organizations concerned,
including non governmental organizations,

     Recognizing the importance of dialogue and cooperation between
Governments and non-governmental organizations in the field of human
rights,

     Recalling the request of the Conference to the Secretary-General
and the General Assembly to take immediate steps to increase
substantially the resources for the human rights programme from within
the existing and future regular budgets of the United Nations,

     Recalling also part II, paragraph 100, of the Vienna Declaration
and Programme of Action, in which the World Conference on Human Rights
requested the Secretary-General to invite, on the occasion of the
fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, all
States and all organs and agencies of the United Nations system
related to human rights to report to him on the progress made in the
implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action and
to submit a report to the General Assembly at its fifty-third session,
through the Commission on Human Rights and the Economic and Social
Council,

     Recalling further that regional and, as appropriate, national
human rights institutions, as well as non-governmental organizations,
may present their views to the Secretary-General on the progress made
in the implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action and that special attention should be paid to assessing the
progress towards the goal of universal ratification of international
human rights treaties and protocols adopted within the framework of
the United Nations,

     Recalling that in its resolution 48/141 of 20 December 1993 the
General Assembly decided to create the post of United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights as the United Nations official with
principal responsibility for United Nations human rights activities,
including coordination of the human rights promotion and protection
activities throughout the United Nations system,

     Noting that, at the first regular session of 1994 of the
Administrative Committee on Coordination, in April 1994, the executive
heads of all United Nations agencies discussed the implications of the
results of the Conference for their respective programmes and
committed themselves to supporting the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights in the coordination of the United
Nations organs, bodies and the specialized agencies whose activities
deal with human rights, as set out in resolution 48/141,

     Recognizing that the interdependence of democracy, development and
respect for human rights, as stated in the Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action, requires a comprehensive and integrated approach
to the promotion and protection of human rights and that adequate
inter-agency cooperation and coordination are essential in order to
ensure such a fully integrated approach throughout the United Nations
system,

     Noting that the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
has established a permanent dialogue with the United Nations
programmes and agencies whose activities deal with human rights in
order to maintain systematic exchanges of information, experience and
expertise,

     Welcoming the fact that the call of the World Conference on Human
Rights for a United Nations system-wide approach to human rights
issues has been reflected in the recommendations of major
international conferences organized by the United Nations in the
economic, social and related fields,

     Noting the ongoing efforts to ensure a coordinated follow-up to
major international conferences in the economic, social and related
fields,

     Recalling that each year the Economic and Social Council shall
carry out, within the framework of its coordination segment, a review
of cross-cutting themes common to major international conferences
and/or contribute to an overall review of the implementation of the
programme of action of a United Nations conference, in accordance with
agreed conclusions 1995/1 of the Economic and Social Council, 2/

     Having considered the report of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights, 3/ in particular chapter IX, entitled
"1998:  Human Rights Year",

     1.  Reaffirms the importance of the promotion of universal
respect for, and observance and protection of, all human rights and
fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Charter of the United
Nations, as expressed in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action;

     2.  Also reaffirms the views of the World Conference on Human
Rights on the urgency of eliminating denials and violations of human
rights;

     3.  Recognizes that the international community should devise
ways and means to remove current obstacles and meet the challenges to
the full realization of all human rights and to prevent the
continuation of human rights violations resulting therefrom throughout
the world;

     4.  Calls upon all States to take further action with a view to
the full realization of all human rights in the light of the
recommendations of the Conference;

     5.  Urges all States to continue to give widespread publicity to
the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, including through
training programmes, human rights education and public information, in
order to promote increased awareness of human rights and fundamental
freedoms;

     6.  Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, the General Assembly and the Commission on Human Rights and
other organs and bodies of the United Nations system related to human
rights to take further action with a view to the full implementation
of all the recommendations of the Conference;

     7.  Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights to continue to coordinate the human rights promotion and
protection activities throughout the United Nations system, as set out
in resolution 48/141, including through a permanent dialogue with the
United Nations agencies and programmes whose activities deal with
human rights;

     8.  Invites the Administrative Committee on Coordination to
continue to discuss the implications of the Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action for the United Nations system, with the
participation of the High Commissioner;

     9.  Takes note of the intention of the High Commissioner to
invite all States and all organs and agencies of the United Nations
system related to human rights to carry out a thorough evaluation of
the implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,
as part of the five-year review foreseen in part II, paragraph 100, of
the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action;

     10. Welcomes the inter-agency consultations of the High
Commissioner with all United Nations programmes and agencies whose
activities deal with human rights for the preparations of the 1998
five-year review, and calls upon them to contribute actively to this
process;

     11. Encourages regional and national human rights institutions as
well as non-governmental organizations to present, on this occasion,
their views on the progress made in the implementation of the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action;

     12. Welcomes and supports Economic and Social Council decision
1996/283 of 24 July 1996, in which the Council endorsed the
recommendation of the Commission on Human Rights to consider devoting
the coordination segment at its substantive session of 1998 to the
question of the coordinated follow-up to, and implementation of, the
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action as part of the 1998
five-year review foreseen in part II, paragraph 100, of the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action;

     13. Requests the High Commissioner to continue to report on the
measures taken and the progress achieved in the comprehensive
implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, in
particular concerning the preparation of the 1998 five-year review;

     14. Decides to consider this question at its fifty-second session
under the sub-item entitled "Comprehensive implementation of and
follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action".

10.  The Third Committee also recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft decision:


                     Working Group of the Third Committee

     The General Assembly decides that agenda item 110 (d), entitled
"Comprehensive implementation of and follow-up to the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action", be kept open in order to allow
the Working Group of the Third Committee to continue its work.


                                     -----

                                     Notes

1/   A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

2/   See Official Records of the General Assembly, Fiftieth Session,
Supplement No. 3 (A/50/3), chap. III, para. 22.

3/   Ibid., Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 36 (A/51/36).

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org