United Nations

A/51/614


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 November 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/614
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 105


            REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES,
              QUESTIONS RELATING TO REFUGEES, RETURNEES AND DISPLACED
                        PERSONS AND HUMANITARIAN QUESTIONS

                         Report of the Third Committee

                  Rapporteur:  Mrs. Victoria SANDRU (Romania)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   At its 3rd plenary meeting, on 20 September 1996, the General
Assembly, on the recommendation of the General Committee, decided to
include in the agenda of its fifty-first session the item entitled
"Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,
questions relating to refugees, returnees and displaced persons and
humanitarian questions" and to allocate it to the Third Committee.

2.   The Committee considered the item at its 19th to 23rd, 27th, 29th,
31st, 35th, 38th and 40th meetings, on 31 October, 1, 4, 7, 8, 11 and
13 to 15 November 1996.  An account of the Committee's discussion is
contained in the relevant summary records (A/C.3/51/SR.19-23, 27, 29,
31, 35, 38 and 40).

3.   For its consideration of the item, the Committee had before it the
following documents:

     (a) Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; 1/

     (b) Report of the Executive Committee of the Programme of the
High Commissioner on the work of its forty-seventh session
(A/51/12/Add.1);

     (c) Report of the Secretary-General on assistance to
unaccompanied refugee minors (A/51/329);

     (d) Report of the Secretary-General on comprehensive
consideration and review of the problems of refugees, returnees,
displaced persons and related migratory movements (A/51/341);

     (e) Report of the Secretary-General on assistance to refugees,
returnees and displaced persons in Africa (A/51/367);

     (f) Report of the Secretary-General on the new international
humanitarian order (A/51/454);

     (g) Letter dated 10 July 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Croatia to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
(A/51/206-S/1996/539).

4.   At the 19th meeting, on 31 October, the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees and the Director of the Department of
Humanitarian Affairs made introductory statements (see A/C.3/51/SR.19).


                        II.  CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS

                 A.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.12 and Rev.1

5.   At the 29th meeting, on 8 November, the representative of the
Russian Federation, on behalf of Armenia, Belarus, Georgia,
Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan and Ukraine, introduced
a draft resolution entitled "Follow-up to the Regional Conference to
Address the Problems of Refugees, Displaced Persons, Other Forms of
Involuntary Displacement and Returnees in the Countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States and Relevant Neighbouring States"
(A/C.3/51/L.12), which read as follows:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolutions 48/113 of 20 December 1993, 49/173
     of 23 December 1994 and, in particular, 50/151 of 21 December
     1995, in which it requested the United Nations High Commissioner
     for Refugees, in close consultation with concerned States and in
     coordination with relevant intergovernmental, regional and non-
     governmental organizations, to convene in 1996 a regional
     conference to address the problems of refugees, displaced persons,
     other forms of involuntary displacement and returnees in the
     countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and relevant
     neighbouring States,

         "Taking note with satisfaction of the successful conclusion
     of the Conference held at Geneva on 30 and 31 May 1996,

         "Being aware that involuntary, mass displacement, in addition
     to the human suffering involved, imposes significant economic and
     social burdens and may affect security and stability at the
     regional level,

         "Reaffirming the view of the Conference that, while the
     primary responsibility for tackling population displacement
     problem lies with the affected countries themselves, the serious
     challenges cannot be met by the limited resources and experience
     of the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States
     individually,

         "Mindful that effective implementation of the recommendations
     contained in the Programme of Action adopted by the Conference 2/
     can be ensured only through coordinated activities undertaken in
     this respect by all participating States, intergovernmental and
     non-governmental organizations and other actors,

         "Welcoming the spirit of international solidarity and
     cooperation that made the preparatory process of the Conference
     and the Conference itself a success,

         "Noting the 1951 Convention 3/ and the 1967 Protocol 4/
     relating to the Status of Refugees,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 5/

         "2.   Expresses its gratitude to the Government of Switzerland
     and other host States that made it possible to convene the
     Regional Conference to Address the Problems of Refugees, Displaced
     Persons, Other Forms of Involuntary Displacement and Returnees in
     the Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and
     Relevant Neighbouring States and a series of preparatory meetings,
     as well as those States that made voluntary contributions for this
     purpose;

         "3.   Endorses the Declaration and Programme of Action adopted
     by the Conference on 31 May 1996; 2/

         "4.   Welcomes the innovative approach and close cooperation of
     the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the
     International Organization for Migration and the Organization for
     Security and Cooperation in Europe in initiating and supporting a
     multilateral constructive dialogue among a wide range of countries
     concerned that has brought agreement on guidelines for practical
     action, taking into account internationally recognized norms and
     standards;

         "5.   Expresses its satisfaction with the work of the
     Conference, which laid down a solid foundation for further action
     by the countries concerned and intergovernmental and non-
     governmental organizations;

         "6.   Confirms the views of the Conference on the urgency of
     addressing the problems of those displaced, of implementing
     measures to prevent situations leading to further involuntary
     population displacement and of effectively managing other types of
     migratory flows in the region;

         "7.   Urges all States and intergovernmental and non-
     governmental organizations concerned to take further action with a
     view to the full implementation of the recommendations of the
     Conference;

         "8.   Calls upon the Governments of the countries concerned to
     continue to strengthen their commitment to the principles
     underpinning the Programme of Action and to ensuring progress in
     its implementation;

         "9.   Recognizes that implementation of the Programme of Action
     requires additional financial resources, and calls for effective
     international cooperation in order to assist the countries of the
     Commonwealth of Independent States in the field of migration and
     related matters;

         "10. Welcomes the readiness of States and interested
     international organizations to provide appropriate forms and
     levels of support for the practical implementation of the
     Programme of Action in the spirit of solidarity and burden-
     sharing;

         "11. Invites international financial and other institutions to
     contribute to financing projects and programmes within the
     framework of the implementation of the Programme of Action;

         "12. Requests the Office of the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees, the International Organization for
     Migration and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
     Europe to steer, in close coordination, the ongoing and future
     activities required to ensure progress in the implementation of
     the Programme of Action;

         "13. Calls upon all relevant United Nations organs, bodies and
     agencies to promote, within their respective mandates, the
     implementation of the Programme of Action;

         "14. Recognizes the role to be played by non-governmental
     organizations in the implementation of the Programme of Action and
     encourages the Governments of the countries of the Commonwealth of
     Independent States and international organizations to strengthen
     their cooperation with non-governmental organizations and to
     involve them actively in the Conference follow-up;

         "15. Reaffirms the necessity to put in place an effective
     follow-up mechanism of the Conference;

         "16. Greatly appreciates the initial steps undertaken by the
     High Commissioner in cooperation with the International
     Organization for Migration to promote the implementation of the
     Programme of Action;

         "17. Welcomes the Joint Operational Strategy of the High
     Commissioner and the International Organization for Migration in
     the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States for 1996-
     2000, which outlines the practical dimensions of implementing the
     results of the Conference;

         "18. Emphasizes the necessity to fulfil the recommendations of
     the Programme of Action relating to ensuring respect for human
     rights as an important factor in the management of migration
     flows, the consolidation of democracy, the rule of law and
     stability;

         "19. Urges the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
     Rights, in coordination with the Office of the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees, the International Organization for
     Migration and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
     Europe, to include key elements of the Programme of Action in
     current and future projects of the Centre for Human Rights of the
     Secretariat in the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent
     States;

         "20. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-second session on the measures taken and
     proposed and of progress achieved in the implementation of the
     present resolution;

         "21. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
     fifty-second session an item entitled 'Follow-up to the Regional
     Conference to Address the Problems of Refugees, Displaced Persons,
     Other Forms of Involuntary Displacement and Returnees in the
     Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Relevant
     Neighbouring States'."

6.   At the 40th meeting, on 15 November, the Committee had before it a
revised draft resolution (A/C.3/51/L.12/Rev.1), submitted by Armenia,
Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia,
Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kyrgyzstan,
Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the Russian Federation,
Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the
United States of America.

7.   At the same meeting, the Secretary read out corrections to the
draft resolution as follows:

     (a) In operative paragraph 6, the words "to tackle" were replaced
with the words "to address";

     (b) In operative paragraph 11, the words "in the spirit of" were
replaced with the words "in a spirit of".

8.   At the same meeting, before action was taken on the draft
resolution, the representative of Ukraine made a statement (see
A/C.3/51/SR.40).

9.   At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.12/Rev.1, as orally corrected, without a vote (see
para. 34, draft resolution I).

10.  After the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
Azerbaijan made a statement (see A/C.3/51/SR.40).


                 B.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.13 and Rev.1

11.  At the 31st meeting, on 11 November, the representative of
Cameroon, on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that
are members of the Group of African States, introduced a draft
resolution entitled "Assistance to refugees, returnees and displaced
persons in Africa" (A/C.3/51/L.13) which read as follows:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolution 50/149 of 21 December 1995,

         "Having considered the report of the Secretary-General 6/
     and the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for
     Refugees, 7/

         "Convinced of the necessity of strengthening the capacity
     within the United Nations system for the implementation of relief
     programmes for refugees, returnees and displaced persons,

         "Welcoming the ongoing process of voluntary repatriation of
     refugees in some parts of Africa,

         "Taking note of resolution CM/Res.1653 (LXIV) on refugees,
     returnees and displaced persons in Africa, adopted by the Council
     of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity at its sixty-
     fourth ordinary session, held at Yaounde' from 1 to 5 July 1996,

         "Recognizing the need for States to create conditions
     conducive both to the prevention of flows of refugees and
     displaced persons and to solutions, especially voluntary
     repatriation,

         "Bearing in mind that the majority of refugees and displaced
     persons are women and children,

         "Noting with great concern that despite all the efforts
     deployed so far by the United Nations, the Organization of African
     Unity and others, the situation of refugees and displaced persons
     in Africa, especially in the West African and Great Lakes region
     and in the Horn of Africa, remains precarious,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General6 and
     the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees;7

         "2.   Notes with concern that the effects of political
     instability, internal strife, human rights violations, poverty and
     natural disasters, such as drought, have led to increased numbers
     of refugees and displaced persons in some countries of Africa;

         "3.   Expresses deep concern at the serious and far-reaching
     consequences of large numbers of refugees and displaced persons in
     the receiving countries and the implications for their security,
     their long-term socio-economic development and the environment;

         "4.   Expresses its appreciation and strong support for those
     African Governments and local populations which, in spite of the
     general deterioration of socio-economic and environmental
     conditions, as well as over-stretched national resources, continue
     to accept the additional burden imposed upon them by increasing
     numbers of refugees and displaced persons;

         "5.   Expresses its concern at instances where the fundamental
     principle of asylum is jeopardized by the unlawful expulsion,
     refoulement, or threat to life, physical security, dignity and
     well-being of refugees;

         "6.   Commends the Governments concerned for their sacrifices
     in providing assistance and protection to refugees, returnees and
     internally displaced persons and for their efforts to promote
     voluntary repatriation;

         "7.   Expresses its gratitude to the international community,
     and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
     Refugees in particular, for the humanitarian assistance it has
     continued to render to refugees and displaced persons as well as
     to the countries of asylum;

         "8.   Welcomes the strengthening of cooperation between the
     Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and
     the Organization of African Unity at all levels, and urges the two
     organizations, in conjunction with United Nations agencies and
     non-governmental organizations, the international community and
     the Governments concerned, to increase their efforts aimed at
     facilitating voluntary repatriation in a dignified and orderly
     manner, as well as addressing the root causes of the refugee
     problem and working out modalities for a lasting solution;

         "9.   Reiterates that the Plan of Action adopted by the
     Regional Conference on Assistance to Refugees, Returnees and
     Displaced Persons in the Great Lakes Region, held at Bujumbura
     from 15 to 17 February 1995, as endorsed by the General Assembly
     in its resolution 50/149, continues to be a viable framework for
     the resolution of the refugee and humanitarian problems in that
     region;

         "10. Calls upon the Office of the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees and other concerned entities to
     intensify their protection activities by, inter alia, supporting
     the efforts of African Governments through appropriate capacity-
     building activities, including training of relevant officers,
     disseminating information about refugee instruments and principles
     and providing financial, technical and advisory services to
     accelerate the enactment or amendment and implementation of
     legislation relating to refugees;

         "11. Appeals to Governments, United Nations and
     non-governmental organizations and the international community to
     create conditions that can facilitate the voluntary return and the
     early rehabilitation and reintegration of refugees;

         "12. Appeals to the international community to respond
     positively to the third country resettlement requests of African
     refugees in the spirit of burden sharing;

         "13. Commends the Governments of the Great Lakes and West
     African regions and the Office of the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees for their initiatives to promote
     repatriation within the framework of tripartite agreements on
     voluntary repatriation of refugees in the region;

         "14. Encourages the Office of the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees to continue to cooperate with the office
     of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in the
     promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms
     in emergency humanitarian situations in Africa;

         "15. Welcomes the ongoing efforts undertaken by the Office of
     the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, with host
     Governments, United Nations and non-governmental organizations and
     the international community in addressing the negative impacts of
     large-scale refugee influxes and concentrations on the environment
     and ecosystems of the asylum countries;

         "16. Notes with satisfaction the voluntary return of millions
     of refugees to their homelands following the successful
     repatriation and reintegration operations carried out by the
     Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, with
     the cooperation and collaboration of many countries hosting
     refugees, and looks forward to other programmes to assist the
     voluntary repatriation of all refugees in Africa;

         "17. Expresses its concern about the long stay of refugees in
     certain African countries, and calls upon the Office of the United
     Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to keep her programmes
     under review in those countries, taking into account the
     increasing requirements there;

         "18. Urges the international community to honour existing
     commitments and to continue to make efforts to increase financial
     and other contributions for general refugee programmes to keep
     pace with refugee needs;

         "19. Calls upon Governments, United Nations agencies,
     non-governmental organizations and the international community as
     a whole to strengthen the emergency response capacity of the
     United Nations system on the basis of the experience of the
     emergency in the Great Lakes region, and to continue to provide
     needed resources and operational support to refugees and asylum
     countries until a permanent solution can be found;

         "20. Calls upon the international donor community to provide
     material and financial assistance for the implementation of
     programmes intended for the rehabilitation of the environment and
     infrastructure in areas affected by refugees in countries of
     asylum;

         "21. Requests all Governments and intergovernmental and
     non-governmental organizations to pay particular attention to
     meeting the special needs of refugee women and children;

         "22. Calls upon the Secretary-General, the Office of the
     United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and
     intergovernmental, regional and non-governmental organizations to
     increase the capacity for coordination and delivery of
     humanitarian emergency assistance and disaster relief in general
     with States and others concerned in respect of asylum, relief,
     repatriation, rehabilitation and resettlement of refugees,
     returnees and displaced persons, including those refugees in urban
     areas;

         "23. Requests the Secretary-General to submit a comprehensive
     and consolidated report on the situation of refugees, returnees
     and displaced persons in Africa to the General Assembly at its
     fifty-second session, under the item entitled 'Report of the
     Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,
     questions relating to refugees, returnees and displaced persons
     and humanitarian questions', and an oral report to the Economic
     and Social Council at its substantive session of 1997."

12.  In introducing the draft resolution, the representative of
Cameroon orally revised the draft resolution as follows:

     (a) In operative paragraph 3, after the words "implications for",
the word "their" was deleted; and after the word "security", the word
"their" was deleted;

     (b) In operative paragraph 5, after the word "Expresses", the
word "its" was deleted; and after the words "dignity and", the word
"the" was inserted;

     (c) In operative paragraph 8, after the word "agencies", the word
"intergovernmental" was inserted;

     (d) In operative paragraph 10, after the words "to intensify",
the word "their" was deleted;

     (e) In operative paragraph 11, after the words "United Nations",
the word "intergovernmental" was inserted;

     (f) In operative paragraph 12, after the words "spirit of", the
words "solidarity and" were inserted;

     (g) In operative paragraph 15, after the words "ecosystems of",
the word "the" was deleted;

     (h) In operative paragraph 18, after the words "keep pace with",
the words "substantially increased" were inserted;

     (i) In operative paragraph 19, after the word "countries", the
words "in Africa" were inserted.

13.  At the 40th meeting, on 15 November, the Committee had before it a
revised draft resolution (A/C.3/51/L.13/Rev.1).

14.  At the same meeting, before action was taken on the draft
resolution, the representative of Cameroon made a statement on behalf
of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
Group of African States (see A/C.3/51/SR.40).

15.  At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.13/Rev.1 without a vote (see para. 34, draft resolution II).


                      C.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.14

16.  At the 27th meeting, on 7 November, the representative of Poland,
also on behalf of South Africa, introduced a draft resolution entitled
"Enlargement of the Executive Committee of the Programme of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees" (A/C.3/51/L.14).

17.  At the 31st meeting, on 11 November, the Committee adopted draft
resolution A/C.3/51/L.14 without a vote (see para. 34, draft
resolution III).

18.  At the same meeting, after the adoption of the draft resolution,
the representative of the United States of America made a statement
(see A/C.3/51/SR.31).


                 D.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.15 and Rev.1

19.  At the 29th meeting, on 8 November, the representative of the
Sudan, on behalf of Bangladesh, Burundi, Morocco, Pakistan, the Sudan,
the Syrian Arab Republic and Turkey, introduced a draft resolution
entitled "Assistance to unaccompanied refugee minors" (A/C.3/51/L.15),
which read as follows:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolutions 49/172 of 23 December 1994 and
     50/150 of 21 December 1995,

         "Aware of the fact that the majority of refugees are children
     and women,

         "Bearing in mind that unaccompanied refugee minors are among
     the most vulnerable and at risk of neglect, violence, military
     recruitment, sexual assault and other abuses and therefore require
     special assistance and care,

         "Mindful of the fact that the ultimate solution to the plight
     of those unaccompanied minors is their return to and reunification
     with their families,

         "Noting the revised Guidelines on Refugee Children issued by
     the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in
     May 1994 and the development of an emergency kit to facilitate
     coordination and to enhance the quality of responses to the needs
     of unaccompanied minors by the Office of the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Children's Fund and
     non-governmental organizations,

         "Noting with appreciation the efforts of the Office of the
     United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in the
     identification and tracing of unaccompanied refugee minors, and
     welcoming its effort in reunifying family members of refugees,

         "Noting also the efforts of the High Commissioner to ensure
     the protection of and assistance to refugees, including children
     and unaccompanied minors, and that further efforts need to be
     exerted to this effect,

         "Recalling the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of
     the Child 8/ and the 1951 Convention 9/ and the 1967 Protocol
     10/ relating to the Status of Refugees,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 11/

         "2.   Expresses its deep concern at the continued plight of
     unaccompanied refugee minors, and once again emphasizes the urgent
     need for their early identification and for timely, detailed and
     accurate information on their number and whereabouts;

         "3.   Calls upon the Office of the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees and all other relevant United Nations
     bodies to incorporate in their assistance programmes policies
     aimed at providing assistance to refugee families to prevent the
     separation of their members;

         "4.   Calls upon all Governments, the Secretary-General, the
     United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, all United Nations
     organizations, other international organizations and
     non-governmental organizations concerned to exert the maximum
     effort to assist and protect refugee minors and to expedite the
     return to and reunification with their families of unaccompanied
     refugee minors;

         "5.   Urges the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
     for Refugees, all United Nations organizations, other
     international organizations and non-governmental organizations
     concerned to take appropriate steps to mobilize resources
     commensurate to the needs and interests of the unaccompanied
     refugee minors and for their reunification with their families;

         "6.   Condemns all acts of exploitation of unaccompanied
     refugee minors, including their use as soldiers or human shields
     in armed conflict and their recruitment in military forces, and
     any other acts that endanger their safety and personal security;

         "7.   Calls upon the Secretary-General, the High Commissioner,
     the Department of Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat, the
     United Nations Children's Fund and other United Nations
     organizations and international organizations to mobilize adequate
     assistance to unaccompanied minors in the areas of relief,
     education, health and psychological rehabilitation;

         "8.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
     present resolution."

20.  In introducing the draft resolution, the representative of the
Sudan orally revised the draft resolution as follows:

     (a) In the third preambular paragraph, after the word "violence",
the word "forced", was inserted;

     (b) A new preambular paragraph was inserted after the seventh
preambular paragraph reading:

         "Welcoming the efforts exerted by the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees towards the reunification of the family
     members of refugees";

     (c) A new operative paragraph 3 was added reading:

         "3.   Expresses the hope that adequate resources will be
     provided for programmes of identification and tracing of
     unaccompanied refugee minors";

and the subsequent paragraphs were renumbered accordingly;

     (d) New operative paragraph 4 (former operative paragraph 3) was
revised to read as follows:

         "4.   Calls upon the Office of the United Nations High
     Commissioner for Refugees, in cooperation with other relevant
     United Nations bodies, to incorporate into its programmes policies
     that aim to prevent refugee family separation";

     (e) In new operative paragraph 7 (former operative paragraph 6),
the word "forced" was inserted before the word "recruitment".

21.  At the 35th meeting, on 13 November, the Committee had before it a
revised draft resolution (A/C.3/51/L.15/Rev.1), submitted by the same
sponsors as well as Afghanistan, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic
of), the Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda and Zaire.

22.  At the same meeting, the representative of the Sudan orally
revised the draft resolution by adding the words "conscious of the
importance of family unity" at the end of operative paragraph 4.

23.  At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.15/Rev.1, as orally revised, without a vote (see para. 34,
draft resolution IV).


                      E.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.16

24.  At the 29th meeting, on 8 November, the representative of Jordan,
on behalf of Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Costa Rica, the Czech
Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan,
the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Monaco, Morocco, Oman,
Pakistan, Qatar, Slovenia, the Sudan, Togo, Tunisia and Yemen,
introduced a draft resolution entitled "New international humanitarian
order" (A/C.3/51/L.16).  Subsequently, France joined in sponsoring the
draft resolution.

25.  In introducing the draft resolution, the representative of Jordan,
on behalf of the sponsors, orally revised the draft resolution as
follows:

     (a) In operative paragraph 4, the words "including local and
regional capacity-building to respond to humanitarian problems and the
search for more effective measures to increase international
cooperation in the humanitarian field" were added at the end of the
paragraph;

     (b) In operative paragraph 5, the words "in a comprehensive
manner" were added after the words "in order to report".

26.  At the 38th meeting, on 14 November, the representative of Jordan
further orally revised the draft resolution as follows:  the sixth
preambular paragraph was replaced with the following:

         "Bearing in mind the urgent need to ensure respect for and
     promotion of the principles and norms relating to humanitarian
     emergencies".

27.  At the same meeting, before the adoption of the draft resolution,
the representative of the United States of America made a statement
(see A/C.3/51/SR.38).

28.  Also at the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.16, as orally revised, without a vote (see para. 34, draft
resolution V).


                      F.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.20

29.  At the 27th meeting, on 7 November, the representative of Norway,
on behalf of Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium,
Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark,
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece,
Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan,
Kyrgyzstan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Morocco, Nepal, the
Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania,
the Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain,
Sweden, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United Republic of
Tanzania, the United States of America and Uruguay, introduced a draft
resolution entitled "Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees" (A/C.3/51/L.20).  Subsequently, Afghanistan, Albania,
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Cape Verde, Chad, the Congo, Co^te
d'Ivoire, Croatia, France, the Dominican Republic, Malta, Mozambique,
the Niger, Nigeria, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, Sierra Leone, Solomon
Islands, Swaziland and Thailand joined in sponsoring the draft
resolution.

30.  In introducing the draft resolution, the representative of Norway,
on behalf of the sponsors, orally revised the draft resolution as
follows:

     (a) The fourth preambular paragraph was revised to read as
follows:

         "Commending the High Commissioner and her staff for the
     competent, courageous and dedicated manner in which they discharge
     their responsibilities,"

         "Paying tribute to those staff members who have endangered or
     lost their lives in the course of their duties, and emphasizing
     the urgent need for effective measures to ensure the security of
     staff engaged in humanitarian operations";

     (b) In operative paragraph 8, the words "under the terms of" were
replaced with the words "for reasons enumerated in";

     (c) In operative paragraph 17, the words "through bilateral
agreements" were deleted;

     (d) In operative paragraph 20, the words "developing countries
and" were added after the words "in particular".

31.  At the 29th meeting, on 8 November, the Secretary of the Committee
read out further revisions to the draft resolution as follows:

     (a) In operative paragraph 10, the words "in order" were replaced
with a comma;

     (b) In operative paragraph 12, the words "adoption of" were
replaced with the words "conclusion on";

     (c) In  operative paragraph 18, the words "and to fulfil" were
replaced with the words "as well as".

32.  At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.20, as orally revised, without a vote (see para. 34, draft
resolution VI).

33.  After the adoption of the draft resolution, statements were made
by the representatives of Singapore and the Sudan (see
A/C.3/51/SR.29).


                 III.  RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE THIRD COMMITTEE

34.  The Third Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolutions:


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION I

             Follow-up to the Regional Conference to Address the 
             Problems of Refugees, Displaced Persons, Other Forms
             of Involuntary Displacement and Returnees in the    
             Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States 
                       and Relevant Neighbouring States

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 48/113 of 20 December 1993, 49/173 of
23 December 1994 and, in particular, 50/151 of 21 December 1995,

     Taking note with satisfaction of the successful conclusion of the
Regional Conference to Address the Problems of Refugees, Displaced
Persons, Other Forms of Involuntary Displacement and Returnees in the
Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Relevant
Neighbouring States, held at Geneva on 30 and 31 May 1996,

     Aware that involuntary, mass displacement, in addition to the
human suffering involved, imposes significant economic and social
burdens and may affect security and stability at the regional level,

     Reaffirming the view of the Conference that, while the primary
responsibility for tackling population displacement problems lies with
the affected countries themselves, the serious challenges cannot be
met by the limited resources and experience of the countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States individually,

     Recalling that the protection and promotion of human rights and
the strengthening of democratic institutions are essential to prevent
mass population displacement,

     Mindful that effective implementation of the recommendations
contained in the Programme of Action adopted by the Conference 12/
should be facilitated and can be ensured only through cooperation and
coordinated activities undertaken in this respect by all interested
States, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and other
actors,

     Welcoming the spirit of international solidarity and cooperation
that made the preparatory process of the Conference and the Conference
itself a success,

     Noting and reaffirming the importance of the 1951 Convention
relating to the Status of Refugees 13/ and its 1967 Protocol, 14/ 

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 15/

     2.  Expresses its gratitude to the Government of Switzerland and
other host States that made it possible to convene the Regional
Conference and a series of preparatory meetings, as well as those
States which made voluntary contributions for this purpose;

     3.  Welcomes the Declaration and Programme of Action as adopted
by the Conference on 31 May 1996; 12/

     4.  Also welcomes the innovative approach and close cooperation
of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,
the International Organization for Migration and the Organization for
Security and Cooperation in Europe in initiating and supporting a
multilateral constructive dialogue among a wide range of countries
concerned that has brought agreement on guidelines for practical
action;

     5.  Expresses its satisfaction with the work of the Conference,
which laid down a solid foundation for further action by countries of
the Commonwealth of Independent States and States concerned and
relevant international, intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations;

     6.  Underlines the urgent need to address the problems of those
displaced, implement measures to prevent situations leading to further
involuntary population displacement and effectively manage other types
of migratory flows in the region;

     7.  Urges all the States and intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations concerned to take further action with a
view to the full implementation of the recommendations of the
Conference;

     8.  Invites all countries that have not yet done so to accede to
and implement fully the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of
Refugees and its 1967 Protocol;

     9.  Calls upon the Governments of the countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States to continue to strengthen their
commitment to the principles underlying the Programme of Action and to
ensuring progress in its implementation;

     10. Recognizes that implementation of the Programme of Action
requires additional financial resources, and calls for international
cooperation in order to assist the countries of the Commonwealth of
Independent States in the field of migration and related matters;

     11. Welcomes the readiness of States and interested international
organizations to provide appropriate forms and levels of support for
the practical implementation of the Programme of Action in a spirit of
solidarity and burden-sharing;

     12. Invites international financial and other institutions to
contribute to financing projects and programmes within the framework
of the implementation of the Programme of Action;

     13. Requests the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees, and invites the International Organization for Migration
and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, to
continue to steer in close coordination the ongoing and future
activities ensuring progress in the implementation of the Programme of
Action;

     14. Calls upon all relevant United Nations organs, bodies and
organizations to promote, within their respective mandates, the
implementation of the Programme of Action of the Conference;

     15. Recognizes the important role to be played by
non-governmental organizations in the implementation of the Programme
of Action, and encourages the Governments of the countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States and international organizations to
strengthen their cooperation with non-governmental organizations and
to involve them actively in the follow-up to the Conference;

     16. Reaffirms the necessity for effective follow-up mechanisms of
the Conference;

     17. Highly appreciates the initial steps undertaken by the Office
of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in cooperation
with the International Organization for Migration to promote the
implementation of the Programme of Action;

     18. Invites the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe to demonstrate similar initiative in contributing to the
effective implementation of the Programme of Action;

     19. Welcomes the Joint Operational Strategy for 1996-2000 of the
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the
International Organization for Migration in the countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States, which outlines the practical
dimensions of implementing the results of the Conference;

     20. Emphasizes the necessity of fulfilling the recommendations of
the Programme of Action relating to ensuring respect for human rights
as an important factor in the management of migration flows, the
consolidation of democracy, the rule of law and stability;

     21. Urges the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights,
in coordination with the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees, the International Organization for
Migration and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe,
to take into account those elements of the Programme of Action that
are relevant to his mandate;

     22. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the measures taken and
proposed and on progress achieved in the implementation of the present
resolution;

     23. Decides to continue examination of this question at its
fifty-second session under the appropriate item of the agenda.


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION II

                     Assistance to refugees, returnees and
                          displaced persons in Africa

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 50/149 of 21 December 1995,

     Having considered the report of the Secretary-General 16/ and
the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 17/

     Convinced of the necessity of strengthening the capacity within
the United Nations system for the implementation of relief programmes
for refugees, returnees and displaced persons,

     Welcoming the ongoing process of voluntary repatriation of
refugees in some parts of Africa,

     Taking note of resolution CM/Res.1653 (LXIV) on refugees,
returnees and displaced persons in Africa, adopted by the Council of
Ministers of the Organization of African Unity at its sixty-fourth
ordinary session, held at Yaounde' from 1 to 5 July 1996, 18/

     Recalling the provisions of General Assembly resolution
2312 (XXII) of 14 December 1967, by which it adopted the Declaration
on Territorial Asylum,

     Recognizing the need for States to create conditions conducive
both to the prevention of flows of refugees and displaced persons and
to solutions, especially voluntary repatriation,

     Bearing in mind that the majority of refugees and displaced
persons are women and children,

     Noting with great concern that despite all the efforts deployed so
far by the United Nations, the Organization of African Unity and
others, the situation of refugees and displaced persons in Africa,
especially in the West African and Great Lakes region and in the Horn
of Africa, remains precarious,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General16 and the
report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees;17

     2.  Notes with concern that the effects of political instability,
internal strife, human rights violations and natural disasters such as
drought have led to increased numbers of refugees and displaced
persons in some countries of Africa;

     3.  Expresses deep concern at the serious and far-reaching
consequences of large numbers of refugees and displaced persons in the
receiving countries and the implications for security, long-term
socio-economic development and the environment;

     4.  Expresses its appreciation and strong support for those
African Governments and local populations which, in spite of the
general deterioration of socio-economic and environmental conditions,
as well as over-stretched national resources, continue to accept the
additional burden imposed upon them by increasing numbers of refugees
and displaced persons in compliance with the relevant principles of
asylum;

     5.  Expresses concern at instances where the fundamental
principle of asylum is jeopardized by the unlawful expulsion or
refoulement, or the threat to life, physical security, integrity,
dignity and the well-being of refugees;

     6.  Commends the Governments concerned for their sacrifices in
providing assistance and protection to refugees, returnees and
internally displaced persons and for their efforts to promote
voluntary repatriation and other durable solutions;

     7.  Expresses its gratitude to the international community, and
the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in
particular, for the humanitarian assistance it has continued to render
to refugees and displaced persons as well as to the countries of
asylum;

     8.  Welcomes the strengthening of cooperation between the Office
of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the
Organization of African Unity at all levels, and urges the two
organizations, in conjunction with United Nations agencies,
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, the
international community and the Governments concerned, to increase
efforts aimed at facilitating voluntary repatriation in a dignified
and orderly manner, as well as addressing the root causes of the
refugee problem and working out modalities for a lasting solution;

     9.  Reiterates that the Plan of Action adopted by the Regional
Conference on Assistance to Refugees, Returnees and Displaced Persons
in the Great Lakes Region, held at Bujumbura from 15 to 17 February
1995, as endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolution 50/149,
continues to be a viable framework for the resolution of the refugee
and humanitarian problems in that region;

     10. Calls upon the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees and other concerned entities to intensify protection
activities by, inter alia, supporting the efforts of African
Governments through appropriate capacity-building activities,
including training of relevant officers, disseminating information
about refugee instruments and principles and providing financial,
technical and advisory services to accelerate the enactment or
amendment and implementation of legislation relating to refugees;

     11. Appeals to Governments, United Nations, intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations and the international community to
create conditions that can facilitate the voluntary return and the
early rehabilitation and reintegration of refugees;

     12. Appeals to the international community to respond positively
to the third-country resettlement requests of African refugees in the
spirit of solidarity and burden-sharing;

     13. Commends the Governments of the Great Lakes and West African
regions and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees for their initiatives to promote repatriation within the
framework of tripartite agreements on voluntary repatriation of
refugees in the region;

     14. Encourages the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees to continue to cooperate with the office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in the promotion and
protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in emergency
humanitarian situations in Africa;

     15. Welcomes the ongoing efforts undertaken by the Office of the
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, with host Governments,
United Nations and non-governmental organizations and the
international community, in addressing the negative impacts of large-
scale refugee influxes and concentrations on the environment and
ecosystems of countries of asylum;

     16. Notes with satisfaction the voluntary return of millions of
refugees to their homelands following the successful repatriation and
reintegration operations carried out by the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, with the cooperation and
collaboration of many countries hosting refugees, and looks forward to
other programmes to assist the voluntary repatriation of all refugees
in Africa;

     17. Expresses its concern about the long stay of refugees in
certain African countries, and calls upon the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to keep its programmes under
review in conformity with its mandate in the host countries, taking
into account the increasing requirements there;

     18. Urges the international community to continue to fund the
general refugee programmes of the Office of the High Commissioner,
taking into account the substantially increased needs of programmes in
Africa;

     19. Calls upon Governments, United Nations agencies,
non-governmental organizations and the international community as a
whole to strengthen the emergency response capacity of the United
Nations system on the basis of the experience of the emergency in the
Great Lakes region, and to continue to provide needed resources and
operational support to refugees and countries of asylum in Africa
until a permanent solution can be found;

     20. Calls upon the international donor community to provide
material and financial assistance for the implementation of programmes
intended for the rehabilitation of the environment and infrastructure
in areas affected by refugees in countries of asylum;

     21. Requests all Governments and intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations to pay particular attention to meeting
the special needs of refugee women and children;

     22. Calls upon the Secretary-General, the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and intergovernmental, regional
and non-governmental organizations to increase the capacity for
coordination and delivery of humanitarian emergency assistance and
disaster relief in general with States and others concerned in respect
of asylum, relief, repatriation, rehabilitation and resettlement of
refugees, returnees and displaced persons, including those refugees in
urban areas;

     23. Requests the Secretary-General to submit a comprehensive and
consolidated report on the situation of refugees, returnees and
displaced persons in Africa to the General Assembly at its fifty-
second session, under the item entitled "Report of the Office of the
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, questions relating to
refugees, returnees and displaced persons and humanitarian questions",
and an oral report to the Economic and Social Council at its
substantive session of 1997.


                             DRAFT RESOLUTION III

            Enlargement of the Executive Committee of the Programme
             of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

     The General Assembly,

     Taking note of Economic and Social Council decision 1996/221 of
2 May 1996 concerning the enlargement of the Executive Committee of
the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,

     Taking note also of the requests regarding the enlargement of the
Executive Committee contained in the note verbale dated 11 April 1996
from the Permanent Representative of Poland to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General 19/ and the note verbale dated 12
April 1996 from the Permanent Representative of South Africa to the
United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General, 20/

     1.  Decides to increase the number of members of the Executive
Committee of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees from fifty-one to fifty-three States;

     2.  Requests the Economic and Social Council to elect the
additional members at its organizational session of 1997.


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION IV

                  Assistance to unaccompanied refugee minors

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 49/172 of 23 December 1994 and 50/150 of
21 December 1995,

     Aware of the fact that the majority of refugees are children and
women,

     Bearing in mind that unaccompanied refugee minors are among the
most vulnerable and at risk of neglect, violence, forced military
recruitment, sexual assault and other abuses and therefore require
special assistance and care,

     Mindful of the fact that the ultimate solution to the plight of
those unaccompanied minors is their return to and reunification with
their families,

     Noting the revised Guidelines on Refugee Children issued by the
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in May
1994 and the development of an emergency kit to facilitate
coordination and to enhance the quality of responses to the needs of
unaccompanied minors by the Office of the High Commissioner, the
United Nations Children's Fund and non-governmental organizations,

     Noting with appreciation the efforts of the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in the identification and
tracing of unaccompanied refugee minors, and welcoming its effort in
reunifying family members of refugees,

     Welcoming the efforts exerted by the Office of the High
Commissioner towards the reunification of the family members of
refugees,

     Noting the efforts of the Office of the High Commissioner to
ensure the protection of and assistance to refugees, including
children and unaccompanied minors, and that further efforts need to be
exerted to this effect,

     Recalling the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the
Child 21/ and the 1951 Convention 22/ and the 1967 Protocol 23/
relating to the Status of Refugees,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 24/

     2.  Expresses its deep concern at the continued plight of
unaccompanied refugee minors, and emphasizes once again the urgent
need for their early identification and for timely, detailed and
accurate information on their number and whereabouts;

     3.  Expresses the hope that adequate resources will be provided
for programmes of identification and tracing of unaccompanied refugee
minors;

     4.  Calls upon the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees, in cooperation with other relevant United Nations
bodies, to incorporate into its programmes policies that aim to
prevent refugee family separation, conscious of the importance of
family unity;

     5.  Calls upon all Governments, the Secretary-General, the Office
of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, all United
Nations organizations, other international organizations and
non-governmental organizations concerned to exert the maximum effort
to assist and protect refugee minors and to expedite the return to and
reunification with their families of unaccompanied refugee minors;

     6.  Urges the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees, all United Nations organizations, other international
organizations and non-governmental organizations concerned to take
appropriate steps to mobilize resources commensurate to the needs and
interests of the unaccompanied refugee minors and for their
reunification with their families;

     7.  Condemns all acts of exploitation of unaccompanied refugee
minors, including their use as soldiers or human shields in armed
conflict and their forced recruitment in military forces, and any
other acts that endanger their safety and personal security;

     8.  Calls upon the Secretary-General, the High Commissioner, the
Department of Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat, the United
Nations Children's Fund and other United Nations organizations and
international organizations to mobilize adequate assistance to
unaccompanied minors in the areas of relief, education, health and
psychological rehabilitation;

     9.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution.


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION V

                     New international humanitarian order

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 49/170 of 23 December 1994 and other
pertinent resolutions 25/ relating to the promotion of a new
international humanitarian order and of international cooperation in
the humanitarian field,

     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General 26/ and the
previous reports 27/ containing the comments and views of
Governments, specialized agencies and non-governmental organizations,

     Noting that a number of Governments have not yet submitted their
comments with regard to the above-mentioned resolutions,

     Noting with deep concern the growing scale of humanitarian
emergencies involving widespread suffering, loss of life and
uprootedness,

     Noting the corresponding increase in the burden on the
international community to provide emergency relief for protracted
periods while durable solutions remain evasive, to the detriment of
stability and security and thereby adversely affecting economic and
social development,

     Bearing in mind the urgent need to ensure respect for and
promotion of the principles and norms relating to humanitarian
emergencies,

     1.  Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary-General for his
continuing support for the efforts to promote a new international
humanitarian order;

     2.  Urges Governments and governmental and non-governmental
organizations that have not yet done so to submit their comments and
views to the Secretary-General regarding the promotion of a new
international humanitarian order;

     3.  Requests Governments to make available to the Secretary-
General, on a voluntary basis, information and expertise on
humanitarian issues of special concern to them in order to identify
opportunities for future action;

     4.  Invites the Independent Bureau for Humanitarian Issues to
continue and strengthen further its activities in cooperation with the
governmental and non-governmental bodies concerned, including local
and regional capacity-building to respond to humanitarian problems and
the search for more effective measures to increase international
cooperation in the humanitarian field;

     5.  Requests the Secretary-General to remain in contact with
Governments and non-governmental organizations, including the
Independent Bureau for Humanitarian Issues, in order to report in a
comprehensive manner on the progress made by them to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session.


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION VI

          Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

     The General Assembly,

     Having considered the report of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees on the activities of her Office 28/ and
the report of the Executive Committee of the Programme of the High
Commissioner on the work of its forty-seventh session, 29/

     Recalling its resolution 50/152 of 21 December 1995,

     Reaffirming the fundamental importance of the 1951 Convention
30/ and the 1967 Protocol 31/ relating to the Status of Refugees, in
particular their implementation in a manner fully compatible with the
object and purpose of those instruments, and noting with satisfaction
that one hundred and thirty-two States are now parties to one or both
instruments,

     Commending the High Commissioner and her staff for the competent,
courageous and dedicated manner in which they discharge their
responsibilities,

     Paying tribute to those staff members who have endangered or lost
their lives in the course of their duties, and emphasizing the urgent
need for effective measures to ensure the security of staff engaged in
humanitarian operations,

     Distressed at the widespread violations of the principle of non-
refoulement and of the rights of refugees, in some cases resulting in
the loss of their lives, and seriously disturbed at reports indicating
that large numbers of refugees and asylum-seekers have been subjected
to refoulement and expulsion in highly dangerous situations,

     1.  Strongly reaffirms the fundamental importance and the purely
humanitarian and non-political character of the function of the Office
of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees of providing
international protection to refugees and seeking permanent solutions
to the problem of refugees, and the need for States to cooperate fully
with the Office in order to facilitate the effective exercise of that
function;

     2.   Calls upon all States that have not yet done so to accede or
succeed to and to implement fully the 1951 Convention and the 1967
Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees and relevant regional
refugee instruments, as applicable, for the protection of refugees;

     3.   Reiterates that everyone, without distinction of any kind,
has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from
persecution, and calls upon all States to uphold asylum as an
indispensable instrument for the international protection of refugees
and to respect scrupulously the fundamental principle of non-
refoulement, which is not subject to derogation;

     4.  Urges States to ensure access, consistent with relevant
international and regional instruments, for all asylum-seekers to fair
and efficient procedures for the determination of refugee status and
the granting of asylum to eligible persons;

     5.  Deplores the fact that in certain situations refugees,
returnees and displaced persons of concern to the Office of the High
Commissioner have been subjected to armed attack, murder, rape and
other violations of or threats to their personal security and other
fundamental rights, and calls upon States to take all measures
necessary to ensure respect for the principles of refugee protection
and the humane treatment of asylum-seekers in  accordance with
internationally recognized human rights and humanitarian norms;

     6.  Emphasizes the importance of ensuring access by the Office of
the High Commissioner to asylum-seekers, refugees and other persons of
concern in order to enable it to carry out its protection functions in
an effective manner; expresses deep concern at conditions, in a number
of countries or regions, that seriously impede the delivery of
humanitarian assistance and protection, and calls upon States to take
all necessary measures to ensure such access and to ensure the
security of staff engaged in humanitarian operations;

     7.  Reiterates its support for the role of the Office of the High
Commissioner in exploring further measures to ensure international
protection to all who need it, consistent with fundamental protection
principles reflected in international instruments, and supports the
High Commissioner in continuing further consultations and discussions
in this regard;

     8.  Encourages the Office of the High Commissioner to continue
and strengthen its efforts for the protection of women having a well-
founded fear of persecution, and calls upon States to adopt an
approach that is sensitive to gender-related concerns and ensures that
women whose claims to refugee status are based upon a well-founded
fear of persecution, including persecution through sexual violence or
other gender-related persecution, are recognized as refugees for
reasons enumerated in the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol;

     9.  Urges all States and relevant United Nations,
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to support the
High Commissioner's search for durable solutions to refugee problems,
including voluntary repatriation, integration in the country of asylum
and resettlement in a third country, as appropriate, and welcomes in
particular the ongoing efforts of the Office to pursue whenever
possible opportunities to promote conditions conducive to the
preferred solution of voluntary repatriation;

     10. Underlines the interrelationship between protection and
solutions as well as the desirability of prevention, including through
respect for human rights and the implementation of relevant
instruments and standards, and emphasizes the responsibility of States
to resolve refugee situations and to ensure conditions that do not
compel people to flee in fear, to uphold the institution of asylum, to
create conditions conducive to voluntary repatriation, to take steps
to meet essential humanitarian needs and to cooperate with countries
on whom the large-scale presence of refugees weighs most heavily;

     11. Acknowledges the desirability of comprehensive approaches by
the international community to the problems of refugees and displaced
persons, including addressing root causes, strengthening emergency
preparedness and response, providing effective protection and
achieving durable solutions;

     12. Emphasizes the value of comprehensive, regional approaches in
which the High Commissioner has played a significant part both in
countries of origin and countries of asylum, encourages States, in
coordination and cooperation with each other and with international
organizations, if applicable, to consider adopting protection-based
comprehensive approaches to particular problems of displacement, and
endorses, in this connection, the conclusion on comprehensive and
regional approaches within a protection framework adopted by the
Executive Committee of the Programme of the High Commissioner at its
forty-seventh session;

     13. Recalls that the Office of the High Commissioner may be
called upon by the appropriate organs of the United Nations and with
the consent of the State concerned to extend its assistance to other
groups, such as internally displaced persons, recognizing that such
involvement may contribute to the prevention or mitigation of refugee
situations, yet emphasizing that activities on behalf of internally
displaced persons must not undermine the institution of asylum,
including the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum
from persecution;

     14. Reiterates the relationship between safeguarding human rights
and preventing refugee situations, recognizes that the effective
promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms,
including through institutions that sustain the rule of law, justice
and accountability, are essential for States to fulfil their
humanitarian responsibilities in reintegrating returning refugees,
and, in this connection, calls upon the Office of the High
Commissioner, within its mandate and at the request of the Government
concerned, to strengthen its support of national efforts at legal and
judicial capacity-building, where necessary, in cooperation with the
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights;

     15. Also reiterates that development and rehabilitation
assistance is essential in addressing some of the causes of refugee
situations and in the context of the development of prevention
strategies;

     16. Reaffirms that voluntary repatriation is the ideal solution
to refugee problems, and calls upon countries of origin, countries of
asylum, the Office of the High Commissioner and the international
community as a whole to do everything possible to enable refugees to
exercise their right to return home in safety and dignity;

     17. Reiterates the right of all persons to return to their
country, and emphasizes in this regard the prime responsibility of
countries of origin for establishing conditions that allow voluntary
repatriation of refugees in safety and with dignity, and, in
recognition of the obligation of all States to accept the return of
their nationals, calls upon all States to facilitate the return of
their nationals who have sought asylum but have been determined not to
be refugees;

     18. Encourages the High Commissioner to continue her activities
on behalf of stateless persons, as part of her statutory function of
providing international protection and of seeking preventive action,
as well as her responsibilities under General Assembly resolutions
3274 (XXIV) of 10 December 1974 and 31/36 of 30 November 1976, and
calls upon States to assist the High Commissioner in fulfilling her
responsibilities and to consider acceding to the 1954 Convention
relating to the Status of Stateless Persons 32/ and the 1961
Convention on the reduction of statelessness; 33/

     19. Reaffirms that the Inter-agency Standing Committee is the
primary mechanism for inter-agency decisions on system-wide policy
issues relating to humanitarian assistance, for formulating a coherent
and timely response to major disasters and complex emergencies and for
inter-agency decisions of an operational nature, and calls on members
of the Standing Committee to continue to examine as a matter of
priority options and proposals to improve its functioning;

     20. Calls upon all Governments and other donors to demonstrate
their international solidarity and burden-sharing with countries of
asylum through efforts aimed at continuing to alleviate the burden
borne by States that have received large numbers of refugees, in
particular developing countries and those with limited resources, and
to contribute to the programmes of the Office of the High Commissioner
and, taking into account the effects on countries of asylum of the
increasing requirements of large refugee populations and the need to
widen the donor base and to achieve greater burden-sharing among
donors, to assist the High Commissioner in securing additional and
timely income from traditional governmental sources, other Governments
and the private sector in order to ensure that the needs of refugees,
returnees and other displaced persons of concern to the Office of the
High Commissioner are met.


                                     -----


                                     Notes

1/   Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 12 (A/51/12).


2/   A/51/341, annex.

3/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, No. 2545.

4/   Ibid., vol. 606, No. 8791.

5/   A/51/341.

6/   A/51/367.

7/   Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 12 (A/51/12).

8/   Resolution 44/25, annex.

9/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, No. 2545.

10/  Ibid., vol. 606, No. 8791.

11/  A/51/341.

12/  A/51/341, annex.

13/  United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, No. 2545.

14/  Ibid., vol. 606, No. 8791.

15/  A/51/341.

16/  A/51/367.

17/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 12 (A/51/12).

18/  See A/51/524, annex I.

19/  E/1996/20.

20/  E/1996/21.

21/  Resolution 44/25, annex.

22/  United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, No. 2545.

23/  Ibid., vol. 606, No. 8791.

24/  A/51/329.

25/  Resolutions 36/136 of 14 December 1981, 37/201 of
18 December 1982, 38/125 of 16 December 1983, 40/126 of 13 December
1985, 42/120 and 42/121 of 7 December 1987, 43/129 and 43/130 of 8
December 1988, 45/101 and 45/102 of 14 December 1990 and 47/106 of 16
December 1992.

26/  A/51/454.

27/  A/37/145, A/38/450, A/40/358 and Add.1 and 2, A/41/472, A/43/734
and Add.1, A/45/524, A/47/352 and A/49/577 and Corr.1.

28/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 12 (A/51/12).

29/  Ibid., Supplement No. 12A (A/51/12/Add.1).

30/  United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, No. 2545.

31/  Ibid., vol. 606, No. 8791.

32/  United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 360, No. 5158.

33/  Ibid., vol. 989, No. 14458.

 

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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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