United Nations

A/51/612


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

27 November 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/612
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 103


                             ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN

                         Report of the Third Committee

                  Rapporteur:  Ms. Victoria SANDRU (Romania)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   At its 3rd plenary meeting, on 20 September 1996, the General
Assembly, on the recommendation of the General Committee, decided to
include in the agenda of its fifty-first session the item entitled
"Advancement of women" and to allocate it to the Third Committee.

2.   The Third Committee considered the item jointly with item 104 at
its 13th to 18th, 29th and 35th meetings, on 24 and 25 and from 28 to
30 October and on 8 and 13 November 1996, and took action on the item
at its 40th, 42nd and 46th meetings, on 15, 18 and 20 November.  An
account of the Committee's discussion of the item is contained in the
relevant summary records (A/C.3/51/SR.13-18, 29, 35, 40, 42 and 46).

3.   For its consideration of the item, the Committee had before it the
following documents:

     (a) Relevant sections of the report of the Economic and Social
Council (A/51/3 (Parts I-III)); 1/

     (b) Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women; 2/

     (c) Report of the Secretary-General on the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (A/51/277 and
Corr.1);

     (d) Report of the Secretary-General on the improvement of the
status of women in the Secretariat (A/51/304 and Corr.1);

     (e) Report of the Secretary-General on the traffic in women and
girls (A/51/309);

     (f) Report of the Secretary-General on violence against women
migrant workers (A/51/325);

     (g) Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the comments of
the Administrative Committee on Coordination on the report of the
Joint Inspection Unit (A/50/509) entitled "The advancement of women
through and in the programmes of the United Nations system:  what
happens after the Fourth World Conference on Women?" (A/51/180);

     (h) Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the
Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme on the
activities of the United Nations Development Fund for Women
(A/51/391);

     (i) Letter dated 27 March 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Mexico to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General,
transmitting a communique' issued by the Regional Conference on
Migration, held at Puebla, Mexico, on 13 and 14 March 1996 (A/51/90);

     (j) Letter dated 28 May 1996 from the Charge' d'affaires a.i. of
the Permanent Mission of Turkey to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General, transmitting the results of the 95th Conference of
the Inter-Parliamentary Union, held at Istanbul from 12 to
20 April 1996 (A/51/210);

     (k) Letter dated 4 October 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Costa Rica to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-
General, transmitting the text of the declaration adopted by the
Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77 and China at their
twentieth annual meeting, held in New York on 27 September 1996
(A/51/471);

     (l) Letter dated 30 September 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of Colombia to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General, transmitting the communique' of the Meeting of
Ministers for Foreign Affairs and Heads of Delegation to the fifty-
first session of the General Assembly, held in New York on
25 September 1996 (A/51/473-S/1996/839).

4.   At the 13th meeting, on 24 October, introductory statements were
made by the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Gender Issues,
the Assistant Secretary-General for Human Resources Management and the
Director of the Division for the Advancement of Women of the
Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development (see
A/C.3/51/SR.13).

5.   At the same meeting, the Director of the United Nations
Development Fund for Women and the acting Director of the
International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of
Women addressed the Committee (see A/C.3/51/SR.13).


                 A.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.17 and Rev.1

6.   At the 35th meeting, on 13 November, the representative of the
Philippines, on behalf of Argentina, Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Co^te
d'Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guinea-Bissau, the
Marshall Islands, the Philippines and Portugal, introduced a draft
resolution entitled "Violence against women migrant workers"
(A/C.3/51/L.17), which read:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling all previous resolutions on violence against women
     migrant workers adopted by the General Assembly, the Commission on
     the Status of Women and the Commission on Human Rights, as well as
     the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, 3/

         "Affirming the conclusions of the World Conference on Human
     Rights, the International Conference on Population and
     Development, the World Summit for Social Development and the
     Fourth World Conference on Women, specifically as they pertain to
     women migrant workers,

         "Taking note of the section concerning women migrant workers
     in the report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human
     Rights on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination,
     xenophobia and related intolerance, 4/ as well as the report of
     the Subcommission's Working Group on Contemporary Forms of
     Slavery, 5/ in particular its observations on the treatment of
     migrant workers,

         "Conscious of the great importance given to the promotion and
     protection of the human rights of persons belonging to groups
     which have been rendered vulnerable, including migrant workers,
     the elimination of all forms of discrimination against them, and
     the strengthening and more effective implementation of existing
     human rights instruments,

         "Noting the large numbers of women from developing countries
     and from some countries in transition who continue to venture
     forth to more affluent countries in search of a living for
     themselves and their families as a consequence of poverty,
     unemployment and other socio-economic conditions, and
     acknowledging the duty of sending States to work for conditions
     that provide employment and security to their citizens,

         "Acknowledging the economic benefits that accrue to sending
     and receiving States from the employment of women migrant workers,

         "Concerned by the continuing reports of grave abuses and acts
     of violence committed against the persons of women migrant workers
     by some employers in some host countries,

         "Encouraged by some measures adopted by some receiving States
     to alleviate the plight of women migrant workers residing within
     their areas of jurisdiction,

         "Reiterating that acts of violence directed against women
     impair or nullify their enjoyment of their human rights and
     fundamental freedoms,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on
     violence against women migrant workers; 6/

         "2.   Welcomes, with appreciation, the holding of an expert
     group meeting on violence against women migrant workers at Manila
     from 27 to 31 May 1996;

         "3.   Determines to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence
     against women and girls;

         "4.   Encourages Member States to enact and/or reinforce penal,
     civil, labour and administrative sanctions in domestic legislation
     to punish and redress the wrongs done to women and girls who are
     subjected to any form of violence, whether in the home, the
     workplace, the community or society;

         "5.   Also encourages Member States to adopt and/or implement
     and periodically to review and analyse legislation to ensure its
     effectiveness in eliminating violence against women, emphasizing
     the prevention of violence and the prosecution of offenders, and
     to take measures to ensure the protection of women subjected to
     violence and their access to just and effective remedies,
     including compensation and indemnification and healing of victims,
     and measures for the rehabilitation of perpetrators;

         "6.   Invites Member States to consider adopting appropriate
     legal measures against intermediaries who deliberately encourage
     the clandestine movement of workers and who exploit women migrant
     workers;

         "7.   Reiterates the need for States concerned, specifically
     the sending and receiving States of women migrant workers, to
     conduct regular consultations for the purpose of identifying
     problem areas in promoting and protecting the rights of women
     migrant workers and ensuring health, legal and social services for
     them, adopting specific measures to address those problems,
     setting up, as necessary, linguistically and culturally accessible
     services and mechanisms to implement those measures and, in
     general, creating conditions that foster greater harmony and
     tolerance between women migrant workers and the rest of the
     society in which they reside;

         "8.   Encourages Member States to consider signing and
     ratifying or acceding to the International Convention on the
     Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of
     Their Families, 7/ as well as the Slavery Convention of 1926;
     8/

         "9.   Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
     Rights, the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat and the
     Special Rapporteur, as well as all relevant bodies and programmes
     in the United Nations system, when addressing the issue of
     violence against women, to give particular attention to the issue
     of violence perpetrated against women migrant workers and to
     submit reports thereon to the General Assembly;

         "10. Emphasizes the need for accurate and comprehensive
     information as a basis for policy formulation;

         "11. Draws the attention of Governments, relevant United
     Nations organizations and bodies and intergovernmental and
     non-governmental organizations to the indicators of violence and
     vulnerability, the indicative list of data on the general
     characteristics of women migrant workers and the methods of data
     collection contained in the report of the Secretary-General, 9/
     for use as a possible guide in the collection and organization of
     data which could serve as a basis for policy formation on the
     question, and requests the Commission on the Status of Women to
     consider that information at its regular session in March 1997,
     with a view to improving or refining it if necessary;

         "12. Draws attention to the recommendation of the Expert Group
     Meeting on Violence against Women Migrant Workers that the
     Administrative Committee on Coordination should serve as the focal
     point within the United Nations system responsible for effectively
     coordinating initiatives relating to violence against women
     migrant workers, 10/ and requests the comments and
     recommendation thereon of the Commission on the Status of Women
     when it convenes in March 1997;

         "13. Also draws attention to the statement of the Secretary-
     General contained in his report that a message was sent by the
     Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence
     against women which affirmed that violence was a fundamental issue
     of women's human rights, and that an analysis of the rights of
     women migrant workers was essential for the protection of those
     rights; 11/

         "14. Invites the regional commissions and the regional offices
     of the International Labour Organization to examine ways and
     means, within existing resources, of dealing with concerns
     pertaining to women migrant workers;

         "15. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
     present resolution."

7.   At its 42nd meeting, on 18 November, the Committee had before it a
revised draft resolution (A/C.3/51/L.17/Rev.1), submitted by the
sponsors of draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.17 and Belgium, Ecuador,
Guatemala, Pakistan, Peru, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
and Zambia.  Subsequently, Egypt, Fiji, Kyrgyzstan, Sri Lanka and
Uruguay joined in sponsoring the revised draft resolution.

8.   At the same meeting, the representative of the Philippines orally
revised the text of the revised draft resolution, as follows:

     (a) In the sixth preambular paragraph, the words "inter alia"
were inserted between the words "as a consequence of" and the words
"poverty, unemployment and other socio-economic conditions";

     (b) In operative paragraph 4, the words "and their access to just
and effective remedies, including compensation, indemnification and
healing of victims, and measures for the rehabilitation of
perpetrators" were replaced by the words "and that they have access to
just and effective remedies, including compensation and
indemnification, and healing of victims, and for the rehabilitation of
perpetrators";

     (c) In operative paragraph 8, the words "on violence against
women" were inserted after the words "Special Rapporteur of the
Commission on Human Rights";

     (d) Operative paragraph 11 was deleted;

     (e) In operative paragraph 12 (former paragraph 13), the words
"from all organizations and bodies in the United Nations system" were
replaced by the words "from all authorities and bodies in the United
Nations system".

9.   Also at the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.17/Rev.1, as orally revised (see para. 25, draft
resolution I).


                 B.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.18 and Rev.1

10.  At the 35th meeting, on 13 November, the representative of the
Philippines, on behalf of Argentina, Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Co^te
d'Ivoire, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Finland, France, Guinea-
Bissau, Indonesia, the Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Panama,
the Philippines and South Africa, introduced a draft resolution
entitled "Traffic in women and girls" (A/C.3/51/L.18), which read:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Reaffirming the principles set forth in the Universal
     Declaration of Human Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of
     All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the International
     Covenants on Human Rights, the Convention against Torture and
     Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the
     Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Declaration on the
     Elimination of Violence against Women and the Convention for the
     Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of
     the Prostitution of Others,

         "Recalling all previous resolutions on the problem of the
     traffic in women and girls,

         "Affirming the provisions of the outcome of the World
     Conference on Human Rights, the International Conference on
     Population and Development, the World Summit for Social
     Development, the Fourth World Conference on Women and the Ninth
     United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the
     Treatment of Offenders pertaining to the traffic in women and
     children,

         "Welcoming the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur of
     the Commission on Human Rights on violence against women, on the
     traffic in women and girls included in his report to the
     Commission, 12/

         "Acknowledging the work done by intergovernmental and non-
     governmental organizations in compiling information on the scale
     and complexity of the problem of trafficking, in providing
     shelters for trafficked women and children and in effecting their
     voluntary repatriation to their countries of origin,

         "Noting with concern the increasing number of women and girl
     children from developing countries and from some countries with
     economies in transition who are being victimized by traffickers,
     and acknowledging that the problem of trafficking also victimizes
     young boys,

         "Convinced of the need to eliminate all forms of sexual
     violence and sexual trafficking, including for prostitution and
     other forms of commercial sex, which are violations of the human
     rights of women and girl children and are incompatible with the
     dignity and worth of the human person,

         "Realizing the urgent need for the adoption of effective
     measures nationally, regionally and internationally to protect
     women and girl children from this nefarious traffic,

         "1.   Notes with appreciation the report of the Secretary-
     General on the traffic in women and girls; 13/

         "2.   Welcomes the convening of the World Congress against
     Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children held at Stockholm from
     27 to 31 August 1996;

         "3.   Calls upon Governments of countries of origin, transit
     and destination, and regional and international organizations, as
     appropriate, to implement the Platform for Action of the Fourth
     World Conference on Women by:

         "(a) Considering the ratification and enforcement of
     international conventions on trafficking in persons and on
     slavery;

         "(b) Taking appropriate measures to address the root factors,
     including external factors, that encourage trafficking in women
     and girls for prostitution and other forms of commercialized sex,
     forced marriages and forced labour in order to eliminate
     trafficking in women, including by strengthening existing
     legislation with a view to providing better protection of the
     rights of women and girls and to punishing the perpetrators,
     through both criminal and civil measures;

         "(c) Stepping up cooperation and concerted action by all
     relevant law enforcement authorities and institutions with a view
     to dismantling national, regional and international networks in
     trafficking;

         "(d) Allocating resources to provide comprehensive programmes
     designed to heal and rehabilitate into society victims of
     trafficking, including through job training, legal assistance, and
     confidential health care and taking measures to cooperate with
     non-governmental organizations to provide for the social, medical
     and psychological care of the victims of trafficking;

         "(e) Developing educational and training programmes and
     policies and considering enacting legislation aimed at preventing
     sex tourism and trafficking, giving special emphasis to the
     protection of young women and children;

         "4.   Invites Governments to accord standard minimum
     humanitarian treatment to trafficked persons, consistent with
     human rights standards;

         "5.   Invites the United Nations to formulate a manual for the
     training of personnel who receive and/or hold in temporary custody
     victims of gender-based violence, including trafficking, with a
     view to preventing the exacerbation of post-traumatic stress
     suffered by such victims.  In the preparation of the manual, the
     International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement
     of Women, with the cooperation and assistance of relevant United
     Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations, in particular
     those organizations concerned with traumatic stress studies,
     should examine available research material or studies on the
     subject with the view to incorporating them in the manual;

         "6.   Requests funding for the above-mentioned manual from the
     trust fund within the United Nations Development Fund for Women
     established by the General Assembly in its resolution 50/166 of 22
     December 1995 in support of national, regional and international
     action to eliminate violence against women, and invites
     Governments and the civil society to make voluntary contributions
     for the project through the trust fund;

         "7.   Calls upon all Governments to criminalize trafficking in
     women and girls in all its forms and condemn and penalize all
     those offenders involved, whether their offence was committed in
     their own or in a foreign country, while ensuring that the victims
     of these practices are not penalized, and to adopt appropriate
     sanctions against persons in authority found guilty of sexually
     assaulting trafficking victims in their custody;

         "8.   Urges Governments concerned to support comprehensive
     practical approaches by the international community to assist
     women and children victims of transnational trafficking to return
     home and be reintegrated in their home societies;

         "9.   Invites relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental
     organizations to provide advisory services to Governments, upon
     their request, in planning and setting up rehabilitation
     programmes for victims of trafficking and in training personnel
     who will be directly involved in the implementation of these
     programmes;

         "10. Encourages Governments, institutions and non-governmental
     organizations to take preventive and assistance measures,
     including by establishing helplines to enable trafficking victims,
     or potential victims, to seek assistance and to provide targeted
     training to those groups dealing with this problem, including law
     enforcement and judicial personnel, using as far as possible
     female police officers to assist victims;

         "11. Also encourages Member States to consider signing and
     ratifying or acceding to the Convention for the Suppression of the
     Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of
     Others, international agreements on the suppression of slavery and
     other relevant international instruments;

         "12. Invites the High Commissioner for Human Rights to include
     the trafficking of human beings among his priority concerns;

         "13. Invites States Parties to the Convention on the
     Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women to
     include information and statistics on trafficking in women and
     girls as part of their national reports to the Committee on the
     Elimination of Discrimination against Women, taking into account
     the general recommendation of the Committee;

         "14. Encourages the Inter-agency Committee on Women and Gender
     Equality to continue to address the issue as part of the
     integrated follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women;

         "15. Encourages all Governments to develop methodologies and
     to collect national information, including statistical data, on
     trafficking in women and girls in countries with special
     vulnerability, and to conduct a campaign designed to increase
     public awareness of the problem;

         "16. Welcomes the consideration given to the problems of
     trafficking in women and girls by the Commission on Crime
     Prevention and Criminal Justice, and invites the Commission to
     continue to consider appropriate measures to address this issue;

         "17. Requests the Economic and Social Council to include in
     the agenda of its coordination segment at a future substantive
     session the issue of the traffic in women and children, with a
     view to (a) coordinating efforts for the establishment of
     databases for use in combating the problem, for the adoption of
     preventive measures and for assisting victims of trafficking, and
     (b) assessing and coordinating programmes pertaining to the
     traffic in women and children, to strengthen them and achieve
     greater efficiency through coordinated action;

         "18. Also requests the Economic and Social Council to devote
     the high-level segment of a future substantive session to the
     issue of trafficking in women and children, adopting as theme for
     the meeting 'International cooperation for the prevention and
     elimination of trafficking in women and children, and the
     rehabilitation of victims of trafficking';

         "19. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
     present resolution."

11.  At its 40th meeting, on 15 November, the Committee had before it a
revised draft resolution (A/C.3/51/L.18/Rev.1), submitted by the
sponsors of draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.18 and Belgium, Greece,
Iceland, Ireland and the Netherlands.  Subsequently, Austria, Germany,
Italy, Malaysia, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia joined in sponsoring the revised draft
resolution.

12.  At the same meeting, the representative of the Philippines orally
revised the revised draft resolution, as follows:

     (a) In operative paragraph 5, the word "children" was replaced by
the word "victims";

     (b) In operative paragraph 12, the words "and the Convention on
the Rights of the Child" were inserted after the words "Convention on
the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women", and the
word "respectively" was added at the end of the paragraph; 

     (c) In operative paragraph 14, the words "and to conduct a
campaign designed to increase public awareness of the problem" were
deleted at the end of the paragraph.

13.  Also at the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.18/Rev.1, as orally revised (see para. 25, draft resolution
II).


                      C.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.19

14.  At the 29th meeting, on 8 November, the representative of New
Zealand, on behalf of Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina,
Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, the Bahamas, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belgium, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, the Democratic
People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador,
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan,
Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States
of), Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, the Netherlands,
New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New
Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of
Moldova, Romania, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, Solomon
Islands, South Africa, Spain, the Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden,
Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Viet Nam, Zambia
and Zimbabwe, introduced a draft resolution entitled "Improvement of
the status of women in the Secretariat" (A/C.3/51/L.19).  In
introducing the draft resolution, the representative of New Zealand
orally revised it as follows:

     (a) In operative paragraph 6, the words "in administrative
instruction ST/AI/412 of 5 January 1996" were replaced by the words
"in his report (A/51/304)" and the word "further" was inserted before
the words "development of a policy";

     (b) A new operative paragraph 9 was inserted after operative
paragraph 8, reading:

         "9.   Urges the Secretary-General to increase the number of
     women employed in the Secretariat from developing countries,
     particularly those that are unrepresented or underrepresented,
     including at the D-1 level and above, and from countries that have
     a low representation of women, including countries with economies
     in transition";

     (c) Former operative paragraph 9 was renumbered 10.

15.  At the 42nd meeting, on 18 November, the representative of New
Zealand further orally revised the draft resolution as follows:

     (a) In operative paragraph 6, the words "including through
implementation of all appropriate administrative procedures" were
replaced by the words "including through training and implementation
of all appropriate administrative procedures";

     (b) In operative paragraph 7, the words "from within existing
resources" were deleted;

     (c) In new operative paragraph 9, the words "consistent with
Article 101 of the Charter of the United Nations" were inserted after
the words "Urges the Secretary-General".

16.  Subsequently, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Cameroon, the Congo, Co^te
d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ghana, Iceland, India, Jamaica, Kazakstan, Kenya,
Liberia, Mali, Malta, the Niger, the Philippines, Singapore, the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Uganda, the United Republic of
Tanzania and the United States of America joined in sponsoring the
draft resolution, as orally revised.

17.  At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.19, as orally revised (see para. 25, draft resolution III).


                      D.  Draft resolution A/C.3/51/L.21

18.  At the 29th meeting, on 8 November, the representative of Norway,
on behalf of Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Barbados,
Bolivia, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Cyprus,
the Czech Republic, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El
Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany,
Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Kyrgyzstan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mongolia, the
Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, the
Philippines, Poland, Portugal, the Republic of Moldova, Romania,
Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Togo,
Turkey, Venezuela, Zaire and Zambia, introduced a draft resolution
entitled "Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
against Women" (A/C.3/51/L.21).

19.  At the 46th meeting, on 20 November, the representative of Norway
orally revised the draft resolution as follows:

     (a) In the third preambular paragraph, the word "stipulated" was
replaced by the word "reaffirmed";

     (b) In the fourth preambular paragraph, the number "fifty-three"
was replaced by the number "fifty-four";

     (c) In the sixth preambular paragraph, the words "is the
shortest" were replaced by the words "has been the shortest";

     (d) In operative paragraph 6, the words "within the overall
existing budget" after the words "additional meeting time" were
deleted;

     (e) In operative paragraph 8, the words "within existing United
Nations resources" after the words "ten working days" were deleted.

20.  At the same meeting, the Bahamas, Belgium, Bhutan, Burundi, Cape
Verde, the Central African Republic, Co^te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Guinea-
Bissau, Guyana, Kenya, Malta, Namibia, Peru, Rwanda, Solomon Islands,
Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Uganda, the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United
Republic of Tanzania and Zimbabwe joined in sponsoring the draft
resolution, as orally revised.

21.  Also at the 46th meeting, the Secretary of the Committee read out
a statement on the programme budget implications of the draft
resolution (see A/C.3/51/SR.46).

22.  At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.21, as orally revised (see para. 25, draft resolution IV).

23.  After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement (see A/C.3/51/SR.46).


                              E.  Draft decision

24.  At its 46th meeting, on 20 November, on the proposal of the
Chairperson, the Committee took note of the report of the Secretary-
General on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women (A/51/277 and Corr.1) (see para. 26).


                    RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE THIRD COMMITTEE

25.  The Third Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolutions:


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION I

                    Violence against women migrant workers

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling all previous resolutions on violence against women
migrant workers adopted by the General Assembly, the Commission on the
Status of Women and the Commission on Human Rights, as well as the
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, 14/

     Affirming the outcome of the World Conference on Human Rights, the
International Conference on Population and Development, the World
Summit for Social Development and the Fourth World Conference on
Women, specifically as they pertain to women migrant workers,

     Noting the holding of the expert group meeting on violence against
women migrant workers at Manila from 27 to 31 May 1996, and expressing
its appreciation to the Government of the Philippines for hosting the
meeting,

     Taking note of resolution 1996/12 of the Subcommission on
Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities concerning,
inter alia, women migrant workers,

     Conscious of the great importance given to the promotion and
protection of the human rights of persons belonging to groups that
have been rendered vulnerable, including migrant workers, the
elimination of all forms of discrimination against them and the
strengthening and more effective implementation of existing human
rights instruments,

     Noting the large numbers of women from developing countries and
from some countries with economies in transition who continue to
venture forth to more affluent countries in search of a living for
themselves and their families as a consequence of, inter alia,
poverty, unemployment and other socio-economic conditions, and
acknowledging the duty of sending States to work for conditions that
provide employment and security to their citizens,

     Acknowledging the economic benefits that accrue to sending and
receiving States from the employment of women migrant workers,

     Emphasizing the need for accurate, objective and comprehensive
information and data as a basis for policy formulation,

     Concerned by the continuing reports of grave abuses and acts of
violence committed against the persons of women migrant workers by
some employers in some host countries,

     Encouraged by some measures adopted by some receiving States to
alleviate the plight of women migrant workers residing within their
areas of jurisdiction,

     Reiterating that acts of violence directed against women impair or
nullify their enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental
freedoms,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on violence
against women migrant workers; 15/

     2.  Determines to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence
against women and girls;

     3.  Encourages Member States to enact and/or reinforce penal,
civil, labour and administrative sanctions in domestic legislation to
punish and redress the wrongs done to women and girls who are
subjected to any form of violence, whether in the home, the workplace,
the community or society;

     4.  Also encourages Member States to adopt and/or implement and
periodically to review and analyse legislation to ensure its
effectiveness in eliminating violence against women, emphasizing the
prevention of violence and the prosecution of offenders, and to take
measures to ensure the protection of women subjected to violence and
that they have access to just and effective remedies, including
compensation and indemnification and healing of victims, and for the
rehabilitation of perpetrators;

     5.  Invites Member States concerned, specifically the sending and
receiving States, to consider adopting appropriate legal measures
against intermediaries who deliberately encourage the clandestine
movement of workers and who exploit women migrant workers;

     6.  Reiterates the need for States concerned, specifically the
sending and receiving States of women migrant workers, to conduct
regular consultations for the purpose of identifying problem areas in
promoting and protecting the rights of women migrant workers and
ensuring health, legal and social services for them, adopting specific
measures to address those problems, setting up, as necessary,
linguistically and culturally accessible services and mechanisms to
implement those measures and, in general, creating conditions that
foster greater harmony and tolerance between women migrant workers and
the rest of the society in which they reside;

     7.  Encourages Member States to consider signing and ratifying or
acceding to the International Convention on the Protection of the
Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 16/ as
well as the Slavery Convention of 1926; 17/

     8.  Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat and the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence against
women, as well as all relevant bodies and programmes in the United
Nations system, when addressing the issue of violence against women,
to give particular attention to the issue of violence perpetrated
against women migrant workers;

     9.  Invites Member States, as well as relevant international
organizations, to provide their views and comments to the Secretary-
General on the issue of indicators as a basis for addressing the
situation of women migrant workers, as contained in the report of the
Secretary-General;15 

     10. Also invites the Administrative Committee on Coordination,
within its mandate, to examine how to improve coordination within the
United Nations system on the question of violence against women
migrant workers;

     11. Invites the regional commissions and the regional offices of
the International Labour Organization to examine ways and means,
within their mandates, of dealing with concerns pertaining to women
migrant workers;

     12. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution, including the reports received from all
authorities and bodies in the United Nations system, Member States,
intergovernmental organizations and other concerned bodies, with due
regard for possible measures to improve reporting procedure.


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION II

                          Traffic in women and girls

     The General Assembly,

     Reaffirming the principles set forth in the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights, 18/ the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms
of Discrimination against Women, 19/ the International Covenants on
Human Rights, 20/ the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel,
Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 21/ the Convention on
the Rights of the Child 22/ and the Declaration on the Elimination
of Violence against Women,14 

     Recalling the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in
Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others 23/
and taking note of the comments contained in the report of the
Secretary-General, 24/

     Recalling all previous resolutions on the problem of the traffic
in women and girls,

     Affirming the provisions of the outcome of the World Conference on
Human Rights, the International Conference on Population and
Development, the World Summit for Social Development, the Fourth World
Conference on Women and the Ninth United Nations Congress on the
Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders pertaining to the
traffic in women and children,

     Acknowledging the work done by intergovernmental and non-
governmental organizations in compiling information on the scale and
complexity of the problem of trafficking, in providing shelters for
trafficked women and children and in effecting their voluntary
repatriation to their countries of origin,

     Noting with concern the increasing number of women and girl
children from developing countries and from some countries with
economies in transition who are being victimized by traffickers, and
acknowledging that the problem of trafficking also victimizes young
boys,

     Convinced of the need to eliminate all forms of sexual violence
and sexual trafficking, including for prostitution and other forms of
commercial sex, which are violations of the human rights of women and
girl children and are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the
human person,

     Realizing the urgent need for the adoption of effective measures
nationally, regionally and internationally to protect women and girl
children from this nefarious traffic,

     1.  Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-
General on the traffic in women and girls;24 

     2.  Welcomes the convening of the World Congress against
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children at Stockholm from 27 to 31
August 1996; 25/

     3.  Calls upon Governments of countries of origin, transit and
destination, and regional and international organizations, as
appropriate, to implement the Platform for Action of the Fourth World
Conference on Women 26/ by:

     (a) Considering the ratification and enforcement of international
conventions on trafficking in persons and on slavery;

     (b) Taking appropriate measures to address the root factors,
including external factors, that encourage trafficking in women and
girls for prostitution and other forms of commercialized sex, forced
marriages and forced labour in order to eliminate trafficking in
women, including by strengthening existing legislation with a view to
providing better protection of the rights of women and girls and to
punishing the perpetrators, through both criminal and civil measures;

     (c) Stepping up cooperation and concerted action by all relevant
law enforcement authorities and institutions with a view to
dismantling national, regional and international networks in
trafficking;

     (d) Allocating resources to provide comprehensive programmes
designed to heal and rehabilitate into society victims of trafficking,
including through job training, legal assistance and confidential
health care and taking measures to cooperate with non-governmental
organizations to provide for the social, medical and psychological
care of the victims of trafficking;

     (e) Developing educational and training programmes and policies
and considering enacting legislation aimed at preventing sex tourism
and trafficking, giving special emphasis to the protection of young
women and children;

     4.  Invites Governments to accord standard minimum humanitarian
treatment to trafficked persons, consistent with human rights
standards;

     5.  Also invites Governments, with the support of the United
Nations, to formulate manuals for the training of personnel who
receive and/or hold in temporary custody victims of gender-based
violence, including trafficking, with a view to sensitizing them to
the special needs of victims;

     6.  Encourages, in this regard, relevant United Nations
organizations and bodies, including the International Research and
Training Institute for the Advancement of Women, the United Nations
Development Fund for Women and the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization, to contribute to the preparation
of guidelines for the use of Governments in the elaboration of their
manuals, in cooperation with all relevant intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations, including those concerned with
traumatic stress, taking into account existing research material or
studies in the subject;

     7.  Calls upon all Governments to criminalize trafficking in
women and girls in all its forms and to condemn and penalize all those
offenders involved, including intermediaries, whether their offence
was committed in their own or in a foreign country, while ensuring
that the victims of these practices are not penalized, and to penalize
persons in authority found guilty of sexually assaulting victims of
trafficking in their custody;

     8.  Urges Governments concerned to support comprehensive
practical approaches by the international community to assist women
and children victims of transnational trafficking to return home and
be reintegrated in their home societies;

     9.  Invites relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations to provide advisory services to Governments, upon their
request, in planning and setting up rehabilitation programmes for
victims of trafficking and in training personnel who will be directly
involved in the implementation of those programmes;

     10. Encourages Governments, institutions and non-governmental
organizations to take preventive and assistance measures, including by
establishing helplines to enable victims or potential victims of
trafficking to seek assistance, and to provide targeted training to
those groups dealing with this problem, including law enforcement and
judicial personnel, using as far as possible female police officers to
assist victims;

     11. Invites the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, in addressing the obstacles to the realization of the human
rights of women, in particular, through his contacts with the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence against women
and the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the
sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, to include
the traffic in women and girls among his priority concerns;

     12. Invites States parties to the Convention on the Elimination
of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the
Rights of the Child to include information and statistics on
trafficking in women and girls as part of their national reports to
the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women,
taking into account the general recommendation of the Committee, and
to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, respectively;

     13. Encourages the Inter-agency Committee on Women and Gender
Equality to continue to address the issue as part of the integrated
follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women;

     14. Encourages all Governments to develop methodologies and to
collect national information, including statistical data, on
trafficking in women and girls in countries with special
vulnerability;

     15. Also encourages countries with special vulnerability to
conduct campaigns designed to increase public awareness of the
problem;

     16. Welcomes the consideration given to the problems of
trafficking in women and girls by the Commission on Crime Prevention
and Criminal Justice, and invites the Commission to continue to
consider appropriate measures to address this issue;

     17. Welcomes the decision of the Economic and Social Council to
devote its coordination segment of 1997 to mainstreaming a gender
perspective;

     18. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution.


                             DRAFT RESOLUTION III

             Improvement of the status of women in the Secretariat

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling Articles 1 and 101 of the Charter of the United Nations,
as well as Article 8, which provides that the United Nations shall
place no restrictions on the eligibility of men and women to
participate in any capacity and under conditions of equality in its
principal and subsidiary organs,

     Recalling also its resolutions 45/125 of 14 December 1990 and
45/239 C of 21 December 1990, as well as the relevant paragraphs of
the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action adopted by the Fourth
World Conference on Women on 15 September 1995, 27/

     Concerned at the serious and continuing underrepresentation of
women in the Secretariat, particularly at the D-1 level and above,
where the numbers of women remain unacceptably low,

     1.  Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General; 28/

     2.  Also welcomes the achievement of the goal of 35 per cent
overall participation rate of women in posts subject to geographical
distribution;

     3.  Reaffirms the goal of 50/50 gender distribution by the year
2000, and expresses its concern that this goal may not be met,
especially at policy-making and decision-making levels (D-1 and
above);

     4.  Calls upon the Secretary-General to ensure full and urgent
implementation of the strategic plan of action for the improvement of
the status of women in the Secretariat (1995-2000) 29/ in order to
achieve the goal contained in the Platform for Action adopted by the
Fourth World Conference on Women for overall gender equality,
particularly at the Professional level and above, by the year 2000;

     5.  Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that individual
managers are held accountable for implementing the strategic plan
within their areas of responsibility;

     6.  Also requests the Secretary-General to continue his work to
create a gender-sensitive work environment, including through training
and implementation of all appropriate administrative procedures, in
particular the special measures outlined in his report,28 and through
further development of a policy on sexual harassment;

     7.  Further requests the Secretary-General to enable the Focal
Point for Women effectively to monitor and facilitate progress in the
implementation of the strategic plan;

     8.  Strongly encourages Member States to support the strategic
plan and the efforts of the United Nations and the specialized
agencies to increase the percentage of women in Professional posts,
especially at the D-1 level and above, by identifying and regularly
submitting more women candidates and by encouraging women to apply for
posts within the Secretariat, specialized agencies and regional
commissions;

     9.  Urges the Secretary-General, consistent with Article 101 of
the Charter of the United Nations, to increase the number of women
employed in the Secretariat from developing countries, particularly
those that are unrepresented or underrepresented, including at the D-1
level and above, and from countries that have a low representation of
women, including countries with economies in transition;

     10. Requests the Secretary-General to report on progress made on
the status of women in the Secretariat to the Commission on the Status
of Women at its forty-first session and to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session.


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION IV

                  Convention on the Elimination of All Forms
                        of Discrimination against Women

     The General Assembly,

     Bearing in mind that one of the purposes of the United Nations, as
stated in Articles 1 and 55 of the Charter, is to promote universal
respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without
distinction of any kind, including distinction as to sex,

     Affirming that women and men should participate equally in social,
economic and political development, should contribute equally to such
development and should share equally in improved conditions of life,

     Recalling the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted
by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993, 30/ in
which the Conference reaffirmed that the human rights of women and the
girl-child were an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of
universal human rights,

     Welcoming the growing number of States parties to the Convention
on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,19
which now stands at one hundred and fifty-four,

     Having considered the reports of the Committee on the Elimination
of Discrimination against Women on its fourteenth 31/ and
fifteenth 32/ sessions,

     Noting that the number of reports to the Committee has increased
as a result of the growing number of States parties to the Convention,
and that the annual session of the Committee has been the shortest of
all the annual sessions of the human rights treaty bodies, thus
creating a considerable backlog of reports submitted but not
considered,

     1.  Urges all States that have not yet ratified or acceded to the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against
Women to do so as soon as possible, so that universal ratification of
the Convention can be achieved by the year 2000;

     2.  Emphasizes the importance of full compliance by States
parties with their obligations under the Convention;

     3.  Urges States to limit the extent of any reservations they
lodge to the Convention, to formulate any such reservations as
precisely and as narrowly as possible, to ensure that no reservations
are incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention or
otherwise incompatible with international treaty law, to review their
reservations regularly with a view to withdrawing them and to withdraw
reservations that are contrary to the object and purpose of the
Convention or that are otherwise incompatible with international
treaty law;

     4.  Invites States parties to the Convention to make all possible
efforts to submit their reports on the implementation of the
Convention in accordance with article 18 thereof and with the
guidelines provided by the Committee on the Elimination of
Discrimination against Women, and to cooperate fully with the
Committee in the presentation of their reports;

     5.  Urges States parties to the Convention to take appropriate
measures so that acceptance of the amendment to article 20,
paragraph 1, of the Convention by a two-thirds majority of States
parties can be reached as soon as possible in order for the amendment
to enter into force;

     6.  Approves the request made by the Committee and supported by
the States parties to the Convention for additional meeting time so as
to allow the Committee to hold two sessions annually, each of three
weeks' duration, preceded by a pre-session working group, starting
from 1997 for an interim period;

     7.  Welcomes the report of the Open-ended Working Group of the
Commission on the Status of Women on the elaboration of a draft
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women; 33/

     8.  Decides to authorize the Open-ended Working Group to meet for
ten working days, in parallel with the Commission on the Status of
Women at its forty-first session;

     9.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the status of the
Convention and the implementation of the present resolution under the
appropriate agenda item.

                                    *  *  *

26.  The Third Committee also recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft decision:


             Report of the Secretary-General on the Convention on the
             Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

     The General Assembly takes note of the report of the Secretary-
General on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women. 34/


                                     -----

                                     Notes

1/   To be issued in final form as Official Records of the General
Assembly, Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 3 (A/51/3/Rev.1).

2/   Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 38 (A/51/38).

3/   Resolution 48/104.

4/   A/51/301.

5/   E/CN.4/Sub.2/1995/28 and Add.1.

6/   A/51/325.

7/   Resolution 45/158, annex.

8/   See Human Rights:  A Compilation of International Instruments
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.XIV.1 (vol. I, Part I)).

9/   See A/51/325, annex, sect. III.

10/  Ibid., para. 70.

11/  Ibid., sect. II.B.

12/  E/CN.4/1996/53 and Add.1 and 2.

13/  A/51/309.

14/  Resolution 48/104.

15/  A/51/325.

16/  Resolution 45/158, annex.

17/  See Human Rights:  A Compilation of International Instruments
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.XIV.1 (vol. I, Part I)).

18/  Resolution 217 A (III).

19/  Resolution 34/180, annex.

20/  Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

21/  Resolution 39/46, annex.

22/  Resolution 44/25, annex.

23/  Resolution 317 (IV).

24/  A/51/309.

25/  See A/51/385.

26/  A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

27/  Ibid., annexes I and II.

28/  A/51/304.

29/  A/49/587 and Corr.1, sect. IV.

30/  A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

31/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Fiftieth Session,
Supplement No. 38 (A/50/38).

32/  Ibid., Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 38 (A/51/38).

33/  Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 6 (E/1996/26), annex III.

34/  A/51/277 and Corr.1.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org