United Nations

A/51/611


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

15 November 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/611
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 102


                          INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL

                         Report of the Third Committee

                  Rapporteur:  Mrs. Victoria SANDRU (Romania)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   At its 3rd plenary meeting, on 20 September 1996, the General
Assembly, on the recommendation of the General Committee, decided to
include in the agenda of its fifty-first session the item entitled
"International drug control" and to allocate it to the Third
Committee.

2.   The Committee considered the item jointly with items 101 and 158
at its 5th to 10th, 12th and 16th meetings, on 18, 21 to 23 and 28
October 1996, and took action on the item at its 35th meeting, on 13
November 1996.  An account of the Committee's discussion is contained
in the relevant summary records (A/C.3/51/SR.5-10, 12, 16 and 35).

3.   For its consideration of the item, the Committee had before it the
following documents:

     (a) Relevant sections of the report of the Economic and Social
Council for 1996 (A/51/3, parts I to III);

     (b) Report of the Secretary-General on implementation of the
United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control
(A/51/129-E/1996/53);

     (c) Report of the Secretary-General on implementation of the
Global Programme of Action adopted by the General Assembly at its
seventeenth special session (A/51/436);

     (d) Report of the Secretary-General on implementation of the
United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs
and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 (A/51/437);

     (e) Report of the Secretary-General on preparations for and
possible outcome of a special session of the General Assembly on
international drug control (A/51/469);

     (f) Letter dated 6 February 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of Italy to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General (A/51/68);

     (g) Letter dated 20 March 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Peru to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
transmitting the text of the Trujillo Act and the Protocol Amending
the Cartagena Agreement (A/51/87);

     (h) Letter dated 3 April 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Cambodia to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
(A/51/93);

     (i) Letter dated 5 July 1996 from the Permanent Representative of
France to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
transmitting the final documents of the summit meeting of the group of
seven major industrialized countries, held at Lyon, France, from 27 to
29 June 1996 (A/51/208-S/1996/543);

     (j) Letter dated 12 August 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Antigua and Barbuda to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General transmitting the text of the communique' issued at
the conclusion of the seventeenth meeting of the Conference of Heads
of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), held at Bridgetown
from 3 to 6 July 1996 (A/51/295);

     (k) Letter dated 13 September 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of Bolivia to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General transmitting the text of the Declaration of the
Tenth Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Rio Group, held
at Cochabamba, Bolivia, on 3 and 4 September 1996 (A/51/375);

     (l) Letter dated 4 October 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Costa Rica to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
transmitting the text of the Ministerial Declaration of the Group of
77 and China adopted at the twentieth meeting of the Ministers for
Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77, held in New York on 27 September
1996 (A/51/471); 

     (m) Letter dated 28 October 1996 from the Permanent
Representatives of Hungary, Italy and Slovenia to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General (A/51/649-S/1996/901).


              II.  CONSIDERATION OF DRAFT RESOLUTION A/C.3/51/L.9

4.   At the 16th meeting, on 28 October, the representative of Mexico,
on behalf of Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Austria,
Bahamas, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia,
Costa Rica, Co^te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark,
the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany,
Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel,
Italy, Japan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Luxembourg, the Marshall Islands,
Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria,
Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Portugal, Romania, South Africa,
Spain, Sweden, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland, Uruguay and Venezuela, introduced a
draft resolution entitled "International action to combat drug abuse
and illicit production and trafficking" (A/C.3/51/L.9).       Subsequently,
Afghanistan, Albania, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Chad, Croatia, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Jamaica, Kazakstan, Malta, Morocco, the
Netherlands, the Niger, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, the Russian
Federation, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Saint Lucia,
Swaziland, Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo,
Turkey and Uzbekistan joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.

5.   At the 35th meeting, on 13 November 1996, the Committee had before
it a statement of the programme budget implications of draft
resolution A/C.3/51/L.9, submitted by the Secretary-General in
accordance with rule 153 of the rules of procedure of the General
Assembly (A/C.3/51/L.22).

6.   At the same meeting, before action was taken on the draft
resolution, the representatives of Mexico, Ireland (on behalf of the
European Union), Colombia, the United States of America and Cuba made
statements.

7.   Also at the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.3/51/L.9 without a vote (see para. 9).

8.   Also at the same meeting, after the adoption of the draft
resolution, the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran made a
statement.


                 III.  RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE THIRD COMMITTEE

9.   The Third Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


                   International action to combat drug abuse
                    and illicit production and trafficking

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 49/168 of 23 December 1994 and 50/148 of
21 December 1995, 

     Gravely concerned that, despite increased efforts by States and
relevant international organizations, there is a global expansion of
illicit demand for, production of, and trafficking in narcotic drugs
and psychotropic substances, including synthetic and designer drugs,
which threatens the health, safety and well-being of millions of
persons, in particular young people, in all countries, as well as the
political and socio-economic systems and the stability, national
security and sovereignty of an increasing number of States,

     Deeply alarmed by the growing violence and economic power of
criminal organizations and terrorist groups engaged in drug
trafficking activities and other criminal activities, such as money
laundering and illicit traffic of arms and precursors and essential
chemicals, and by the increasing transnational links between them, and
recognizing that enhanced international cooperation and effective
strategies are required to achieve results against all forms of
transnational criminal activities,

     Convinced of the desirability of closer coordination and
cooperation among States in combating drug-related crimes, such as
terrorism, illicit arms trade and money laundering, and bearing in
mind the role that could be played by both the United Nations and
regional organizations in this respect, 

     Fully aware that States, the relevant organizations of the United
Nations system and multilateral development banks need to accord a
higher priority to dealing with this scourge, which undermines
development, economic and political stability and democratic
institutions, and the combat against which entails increasing economic
costs for Governments and the irreparable loss of human lives,

     Reaffirming and stressing the need for increased efforts to
implement the comprehensive framework for international cooperation in
drug control provided by the existing drug control conventions, the
Declaration 1/ and the Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Outline of
Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control, 2/ the Political Declaration
and Global Programme of Action 3/ adopted by the General Assembly at
its seventeenth special session devoted to the question of
international cooperation against illicit production, supply, demand,
trafficking and distribution of narcotic and psychotropic substances,
the Declaration adopted by the World Ministerial Summit to Reduce the
Demand for Drugs and to Combat the Cocaine Threat, 4/ the United
Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control, 5/ the Naples
Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized
Transnational Crime 6/ and other relevant international standards,

     Recognizing the efforts of countries which produce narcotic drugs
for scientific, medicinal and therapeutic uses to prevent the
diversion of such substances to illicit markets and to maintain
production at a level consistent with licit demand in line with the
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, 7/

     Convinced that civil society, including non-governmental
organizations, can make an effective contribution to address the
illicit drug problem,

     Acknowledging that there are links, under certain circumstances,
between poverty and the increase in the illicit production of and
trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and that the
promotion of the economic development of countries affected by the
illicit drug trade requires appropriate measures, including
strengthened international cooperation in support of alternative and
sustainable development activities in the affected areas of those
countries, which have as their objectives the reduction and
elimination of illicit drug production,

     Stressing that respect for human rights is and must be an
essential component of measures taken to address the drug problem,

     Emphasizing the need for an analysis of transit routes used by
drug traffickers, which are constantly changing and expanding to
include a growing number of countries and regions in all parts of the
world,

     Underlining the role of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs as the
principal United Nations policy-making body on drug control issues,
the leadership role and commendable work of the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme as the main focus for concerted
international action, and the important role of the International
Narcotics Control Board as an independent monitoring authority as set
out in the international drug control treaties,

     Recalling the important and central role of relevant United
Nations bodies in evaluating the implementation by States parties of
their obligations under the United Nations drug control treaties, as
set out in those treaties,

     Convinced that the holding of a special session of the General
Assembly devoted to the strengthening of international cooperation
against the illicit production, sale, demand, trafficking and
distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and related
activities could make a significant contribution to the effectiveness
of the United Nations and its Member States in the fight against this
global problem,

                                       I

            RESPECT FOR THE PRINCIPLES ENSHRINED IN THE CHARTER OF THE
            UNITED NATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW IN THE FIGHT AGAINST
               DRUG ABUSE AND ILLICIT PRODUCTION AND TRAFFICKING

     1.  Reaffirms that the fight against drug abuse and illicit
trafficking must be carried out in full conformity with the purposes
and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and
international law, particularly respect for the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of States and non-use of force or the threat of
force in international relations;

     2.  Calls upon all States to intensify their actions to promote
effective cooperation in the efforts to combat drug abuse and illicit
trafficking, so as to contribute to a climate conducive to achieving
this end, on the basis of the principles of equal rights and mutual
respect;

                                      II

             INTERNATIONAL ACTION TO COMBAT DRUG ABUSE AND ILLICIT
                          PRODUCTION AND TRAFFICKING

     1.  Renews its commitment to further strengthening international
cooperation and substantially increasing efforts against the
cultivation for illegal purposes, illicit production, sale, demand,
traffic and distribution of narcotics and psychotropic substances,
including synthetic drugs, and to controlling and preventing the
diversion of precursors and essential chemicals used in the illicit
manufacture of narcotic and psychotropic substances, in accordance
with obligations of States under the United Nations drug control
conventions, based on the principle of shared responsibility and
taking into account experience gained;

     2.  Urges all States to ratify or accede to and implement all the
provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 19617 as
amended by the 1972 Protocol, 8/ the Convention on Psychotropic
Substances of 1971 9/ and the United Nations Convention against
Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of
1988; 10/

     3.  Calls upon all States to adopt adequate national laws and
regulations, to strengthen national judicial systems and to carry out
effective drug control activities in cooperation with other States in
accordance with those international instruments;

     4.  Requests the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme:

     (a) To continue to support the focus on regional, subregional and
national strategies for drug abuse control, particularly the
master-plan approach, and to complement those strategies with
effective interregional strategies;

     (b) To seek to strengthen the dialogue and cooperation with
multilateral development banks so that they might undertake lending
and programming activities related to drug control in interested and
affected countries, and to inform the Commission on Narcotic Drugs on
further progress made in this area;

     (c) To continue to provide legal assistance to Member States that
request it in adjusting their national laws, policies and
infrastructures to implement the international drug control
conventions, as well as assistance in training personnel responsible
for applying the new laws; 

     (d) To continue providing assistance to Member States requesting
support in establishing or strengthening national drug detection
laboratories; 

     (e) To continue to include in its report on illicit traffic in
drugs an assessment of worldwide trends in illicit traffic and transit
in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, including methods and
routes used, and to recommend ways and means for improving the
capacity of States along those routes to deal with all aspects of the
drug problem;

     5.  Reaffirms the danger and threat posed to civil society by
drug trafficking and its links to terrorism, transnational crime,
money laundering and the arms trade, and encourages Governments to
deal with this threat and to cooperate to prevent the channelling of
funds to and between those engaged in such activities; 

     6.  Acknowledges that there are links between the illicit
production of, demand for and traffic in narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances and the economic and social conditions in the
affected countries and that there are differences and diversity in the
problems of each country;

     7.  Calls upon the international community to provide increased
economic and technical support to Governments that request it for
programmes of alternative and sustainable development that have as
their objectives the reduction and elimination of illicit drug
production and that take fully into account the cultural traditions of
peoples;

     8.  Recalls that the World Programme of Action for Youth to the
Year 2000 and Beyond, adopted by the General Assembly on 14 December
1995, 11/ stresses the importance of participation of youth
organizations and youth in decision-making processes, in particular in
relation to demand reduction programmes for illicit drugs;

     9.  Stresses the need for effective government action to prevent
the diversion to illicit markets of precursors and essential
chemicals, materials and equipment used in the illicit manufacture of
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;

     10. Commends the International Narcotics Control Board for its
valuable work in monitoring the production and distribution of
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances so as to limit their use to
medical and scientific purposes, and urges increased efforts to
implement its mandate under article 12 of the United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances concerning the monitoring of the movement of precursors and
essential chemicals; 

     11. Notes that the International Narcotics Control Board needs
sufficient resources to carry out its mandate, including under article
12, and therefore urges Member States to commit themselves in a common
effort to assign adequate and sufficient budgetary resources to the
International Narcotics Control Board, in accordance with Economic and
Social Council resolution 1996/20 of 23 July 1996;

     12. Calls upon States to increase efforts, with international
cooperation, to reduce and eliminate illegal crops from which
narcotics are obtained, as well as to prevent and reduce the demand
for and the consumption of illicit drugs, in accordance with their
obligations under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and
the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic
Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988;

     13. Underlines the need for Governments, with international
cooperation, to increase and implement alternative development
programmes with the objective of reducing and eliminating the
production of illicit drugs, taking into account the economic, social,
cultural, political and environmental aspects of the area concerned;

     14. Emphasizes the need to maintain the capacity of the
International Narcotics Control Board, including through the provision
of appropriate means, by the Secretary-General, within existing
resources, and adequate technical support by the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme;

     15. Reaffirms the importance of achieving the objectives of the
United Nations Decade against Drug Abuse 1991-2000, under the theme "A
global response to a global challenge", by Member States, the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme and the United Nations
system;

     16. Calls upon Member States to continue to cooperate with the
United Nations International Drug Control Programme by providing
relevant information and their views on the draft declaration on the
guiding principles of demand reduction being developed by the
Executive Director of the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme in consultation with Member States, and with due regard to
the linkages between demand and supply reduction activities, and
reaffirms the importance of Economic and Social Council resolutions
1996/18 of 23 July 1996 on the draft declaration on the guiding
principles of demand reduction and 1995/16 of 24 July 1995 on
integration of demand reduction initiatives into a cohesive strategy
to combat drug abuse;

     17. Welcomes Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/29 of
24 July 1996 on action to strengthen international cooperation to
control precursors and their substitutes used in the illicit
manufacture of controlled substances, in particular amphetamine-type
stimulants, and to prevent their diversion, and calls upon Member
States to strengthen their efforts to control precursors and their
substitutes in cooperation with the International Narcotics Control
Board; 

     18. Welcomes with satisfaction resolution 5 (XXXVIII) of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs on strategies for illicit supply
reduction, reaffirming the need to apply effective strategies for
supply reduction, based on the implementation of plans and programmes
for alternative development, which have as their objectives the
reduction and elimination of illicit drug production; 

     19. Stresses the importance of the high-level segment of the 1996
session of the Economic and Social Council, in which Member States
reaffirmed their political will and commitment to adopt concrete
actions for enhanced international cooperation at all levels;

                                      III

                          GLOBAL PROGRAMME OF ACTION

     1.  Reaffirms the importance of the Global Programme of Action3 as
a comprehensive framework for national, regional and international
action to combat illicit production of, demand for and trafficking in
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;

     2.  Calls upon States to implement the mandates and
recommendations of the Global Programme of Action, with a view to
translating it into practical action for drug abuse control at the
national, regional and international levels;

     3.  Urges all Governments and competent regional organizations to
develop a balanced approach within the framework of comprehensive
demand reduction activities, giving adequate priority to prevention,
treatment, research, social reintegration and training in the context
of national strategic plans to combat drug abuse;

     4.  Calls upon the relevant United Nations bodies, the
specialized agencies, the international financial institutions and
other concerned intergovernmental organizations and all actors of
civil society, notably non-governmental organizations, community-based
organizations, sports associations and the private sector, to
cooperate with and assist States in their efforts to promote and
implement the Global Programme of Action;

     5.  Welcomes the efforts made by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs
and the United Nations International Drug Control Programme to
facilitate reporting by Governments on the implementation of the
Global Programme of Action, and encourages them to pursue those
efforts so as to increase the number of Governments that respond;

     6.  Notes the efforts being made by the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme and other United Nations bodies
to obtain reliable data on drug abuse and illicit trafficking,
including the development of the International Drug Abuse Assessment
System, encourages the Programme, in cooperation with other United
Nations bodies, to take further steps to facilitate the efficient
collection of data so as to avoid duplication of effort, and
encourages also the increased and timely provision of updated
information by Member States;

     7.  Takes note of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/20
of 23 July 1996 on strengthening of the role of the International
Narcotics Control Board and development of a unified information
system for the collection and analysis of data concerning the nature,
patterns and trends of the global problem of drug abuse;

     8.  Invites the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to consider ways of providing assistance to Member States
that request it in their efforts to establish appropriate mechanisms
to collect and analyse data and to seek voluntary resources for this
purpose;

     9.  Underlines the importance of precise and reliable information
on the impact of the drug problem on the world economy;

     10. Calls upon Member States to continue to make efforts to
provide systematic, precise and updated information to the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme on the various ways in
which the drug problem affects their economies;

                                      IV

         SPECIAL SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY DEVOTED TO THE COMBAT
         AGAINST THE ILLICIT PRODUCTION, SALE, DEMAND, TRAFFIC AND    
         DISTRIBUTION OF NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES   
                            AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

     1.  Welcomes Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/17 of
23 July 1996, and takes note with satisfaction of the support
expressed at the high-level segment of the Economic and Social Council
of 1996 to the proposal to convene a special session of the General
Assembly in 1998;

     2.  Decides to convene a special session in order to consider the
fight against the illicit production, sale, demand, traffic and
distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and related
activities, and to propose new strategies, methods, practical
activities and specific measures to strengthen international
cooperation in addressing the problem of illicit drugs;

     3.  Stresses that the special session should, as noted in
Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/17, be devoted to
assessing the existing situation within the framework of a
comprehensive and balanced approach that includes all aspects of the
problem, with a view to strengthening international cooperation to
address the problem of illicit drugs, and within the framework of the
United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs
and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 and other relevant conventions and
international instruments;

     4.  Reaffirms that, at its special session, it will address the
issues on the basis of the principle of shared responsibility and with
full respect for the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United
Nations and international law, particularly respect for the
sovereignty and territorial integrity of States; 

     5.  Decides that the special session will be held for three days
in June 1998, immediately after all the necessary preparatory work has
been done to ensure its success and 10 years after the adoption of the
1988 Convention;

     6.  Decides also that the Commission on Narcotic Drugs should act
as the preparatory body for the special session of the General
Assembly and that its deliberations should be open-ended, allowing for
the full participation of all States members of the United Nations and
of specialized agencies and observers, in accordance with the
established practice;

     7.  Invites the Commission on Narcotics Drugs to take appropriate
measures to prepare for the special session, as early as possible,
including the possibility of establishing working groups;
 
     8.  Takes note with appreciation of initiatives by Member States
aimed at providing input to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs in its
capacity as a preparatory forum for the special session, including the
convening of groups of high-level governmental experts;

     9.  Recognizes the important role played by non-governmental
organizations in the implementation of the Global Programme of Action
contained in the annex to resolution S-17/2 of 23 February 1990, and
recognizes the need for their active involvement in preparations for
the special session in accordance with Economic and Social Council
resolution 1996/31 of 25 July 1996, as well as the need to ensure
appropriate arrangements for their contribution during the special
session;

     10. Decides that the preparatory process for the special session
of the General Assembly should be funded through the regular budget of
the United Nations, bearing in mind the need to keep financial costs
to a minimum, and that Governments should be invited to make
extrabudgetary contributions to meet those costs; 

     11. Decides also that, as recommended by the Economic and Social
Council, the special session shall have the following objectives:

     (a) To promote the adherence to, and full implementation by all
States of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, the
Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 and the United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs of 1988;

     (b) To adopt measures to increase international cooperation to
contribute to the application of the law;

     (c) To adopt measures to avoid the diversion of chemicals used in
illicit drug production and to strengthen control of the production of
and traffic in stimulants and their precursors;

     (d) To adopt and promote drug abuse control programmes and
policies and other measures, including those at the international
level, to reduce the illicit demand for drugs;

     (e) To adopt measures to prevent and sanction money laundering,
in order to implement the 1988 Convention;

     (f) To encourage international cooperation to develop programmes
of eradication of illicit crops and to promote alternative development
programmes;

     (g) To adopt measures to strengthen coordination within the
United Nations system in the fight against drug trafficking and
related organized crime, against terrorist groups engaged in drug
trafficking and against illicit arms trade;

     12. Decides also, at its special session, to review resolution
S-17/2, particularly the progress made in implementing the Global
Programme of Action annexed thereto;

     13. Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General 12/ on
preparations for, possible outcome of and organizational matters
relating to the special session of the General Assembly, and invites
the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, while undertaking preparations for
the special session, to bear in mind the recommendations contained in
that report;

     14. Invites the Commission on Narcotic Drugs to report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and
Social Council, on the progress in the preparations for the special
session;

     15. Stresses the importance of taking into account a gender
perspective in preparing the outcome of the special session;

     16. Encourages the participation of developing countries and
assistance to the least developed countries, in order to work actively
towards the attainment of the objectives and goals of the special
session;

     17. Invites organs, organizations and specialized agencies in the
United Nations system, including multilateral development banks, to
contribute fully to the preparations for the special session of the
General Assembly, in particular by submitting to the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs, as the preparatory body for the special session,
through the Executive Director of the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme, concrete recommendations on the issues to be
addressed by the special session;

                                       V

           IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM-WIDE ACTION PLAN
           ON DRUG ABUSE CONTROL:  ACTION BY ORGANIZATIONS OF THE
                             UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

     1.  Supports the United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug
Abuse Control5 as a vital tool for the coordination and enhancement of
drug abuse control activities within the United Nations system, and
requests that it be updated and reviewed on a biennial basis with a
view to continuing efforts to improve its presentation and usefulness
as a strategic tool of the United Nations for the drug problem;

     2.  Reaffirms the role of the Executive Director of the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme in coordinating and
providing effective leadership for all United Nations drug control
activities so as to increase cost-effectiveness and ensure coherence
of action within the Programme as well as coordination,
complementarity and non-duplication of such activities throughout the
United Nations system;

     3.  Urges the United Nations organizations associated with the
United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control to
collaborate further with the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to integrate the drug control dimension and assistance into
their programming and planning processes to ensure that the drug
problem is being addressed in all its aspects in relevant programmes;

     4.  Takes note of the recent action taken by the Administrative
Committee on Coordination to ensure the increased commitment by
specialized agencies, programmes and funds, as well as international
financial institutions, to include the drug control dimension in their
programmes of work;

     5.  Invites Member States to engage United Nations agencies and
multilateral development banks in addressing the drug problem in all
its aspects and to promote due consideration by governing bodies of
requests for assistance for drug control programmes at the national
level;

                                      VI

              UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMME

     1.  Welcomes the efforts of the United Nations International Drug
Control Programme to implement its mandates within the framework of
the international drug control treaties, the Comprehensive
Multidisciplinary Outline of Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control,
the Global Programme of Action and relevant consensus documents;

     2.  Notes with concern the decline of available resources for the
Fund of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme;

     3.  Endorses Commission on Narcotic Drugs resolution 10 (XXXIX)
regarding a new system of financing activities of the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme, and urges all Governments to
provide the fullest possible financial and political support to the
organization, by widening the donor base of the Programme, increasing
voluntary contributions, in particular general-purpose contributions,
to enable it to continue, expand and strengthen its operational and
technical cooperation activities;

     4.  Invites Governments and the United Nations International Drug
Control Programme to consider ways and means of improving the
coordination of United Nations drug control-related activities;

     5.  Notes with appreciation the efforts made by the Executive
Director of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme to
comply with the approved format and methodology of the programme
budget of the Fund, in accordance with relevant resolutions of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs and the General Assembly and the
recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and
Budgetary Questions, and encourages the Executive Director to continue
his efforts to improve the presentation and transparency of the
budget;

     6.  Stresses the importance of the meetings of heads of national
law enforcement agencies, and encourages them to consider ways to
improve their functioning and to strengthen their impact so as to
enhance cooperation in the fight against drugs at the regional level;

                                      VII

     1.  Takes note of the reports of the Secretary-General submitted
under the item entitled "International drug control"; 13/

     2.  Requests the Secretary-General, taking into account the
promotion of integrated reporting:

     (a) To submit comments to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session, if necessary, on the report of the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs regarding the preparations for the 1998 special session
of the General Assembly;

     (b) To include, in his annual report on the implementation of the
Global Programme of Action, recommendations on ways and means to
improve implementation and provision of information by Member States;

     (c) To submit to the General Assembly at its fifty-third session,
an updated report on the status of the United Nations Convention
against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.


                                     -----

                                     Notes

1/   See Report of the International Conference on Drug Abuse and
Illicit Trafficking, Vienna, 17-26 June 1987 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.87.I.18), chap. I, sect. A.

2/   Ibid., sect. B.

3/   Resolution S-17/2, annex.

4/   A/45/262, annex.

5/   See A/49/139-E/1994/57.

6/   See A/49/748, annex, sect. I.A.

7/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515.

8/   Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152.

9/   Ibid., vol. 1019, No. 14956.

10/  United Nations publication, Sales No. E.91.XI.6.

11/  Resolution 50/81, annex.

12/  A/51/469.

13/  A/51/129-E/1996/53, A/51/436, A/51/437 and A/51/469.

 

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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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