United Nations

A/51/606


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

6 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


                                                        A/51/606

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 98


                    OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT

                        Report of the Second Committee

          Rapporteur:  Ms. Silvia Cristina CORADO-CUEVAS (Guatemala)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   At its 3rd plenary meeting, on 20 September 1996, the General
Assembly, on the recommendation of the General Committee, decided to
include in the agenda of its fifty-first session the item entitled
"Operational activities for development" and to allocate it to the
Second Committee.

2.   The Second Committee considered the item at its 7th, 9th, 22nd and
37th meetings, on 17, 18 and 30 October and on 2 December 1996. 
An account of the Committee's discussion of the item is contained in
the relevant summary records (A/C.2/51/SR.7, 9, 22 and 37).  Attention
is also drawn to the general debate held by the Committee at its 3rd
to 6th and 8th meetings, from 14 to 18 October (see A/C.2/51/SR.3-6
and 8).

3.   For its consideration of the item, the Committee had before it the
following documents:

     (a) Report of the Secretary-General on the progress at mid-decade
on the implementation of General Assembly resolution 45/217 on the
World Summit for Children (A/51/256);

     (b) Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the comments of
the Administrative Committee on Coordination on the report of the
Joint Inspection Unit (A/49/629) entitled "United Nations system
common premises and services in the field" (A/51/124-E/1996/44);

     (c) Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the
Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme on the
activities of the United Nations Development Fund for Women, 1995
(A/51/391);

     (d) Letter dated 5 July 1996 from the Permanent Representative of
France to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General,
transmitting the final documents of the summit meeting of the seven
major industrialized countries, held at Lyon, France, from 27 to 29
June 1996 (A/51/208-S/1996/543);

     (e) Letter dated 12 September 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of the Marshall Islands to the United Nations addressed
to the Secretary-General, transmitting the text of the communique'
adopted by the twenty-seventh South Pacific Forum, held at Majuro,
Marshall Islands, from 3 to 5 September 1996 (A/51/357);

     (f) Letter dated 30 September 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of Colombia to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General, transmitting the Declaration of the Movement of
Non-Aligned Countries, adopted in New York on 24 September 1996 on the
occasion of the celebration of the thirty-fifth anniversary of the
founding of the Movement (A/51/462-S/1996/831);

     (g)  Letter dated 4 October 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Costa Rica to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General, transmitting the declaration adopted by the
Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77 and China at their
twentieth annual meeting, held in New York on 27 September 1996
(A/51/471);

     (h) Letter dated 30 September 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of Colombia to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General, transmitting the communique' of the Meeting of
Ministers for Foreign Affairs and Heads of Delegation of the Movement
of Non-Aligned Countries to the fifty-first session of the General
Assembly, held in New York on 25 September 1996 (A/51/473-S/1996/839);

     (i) Letter dated 18 October 1996 from the Permanent
Representatives of Azerbaijan and Kazakstan to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General, transmitting the text of the joint
statement on Caspian Sea questions adopted at Baku on
16 September 1996 (A/51/529).

4.   At the 7th meeting, on 17 October, the Associate Administrator of
the United Nations Development Programme made an introductory
statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.7).


                        II.  CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS

                  A.  Draft resolutions A/C.2/51/L.8 and L.44

5.   At the 22nd meeting, on 30 October, the representative of Costa
Rica, on behalf of the States Members that are members of the Group of
77 and China, subsequently joined by Mexico and Turkey, introduced a
draft resolution entitled "Progress at mid-decade on the
implementation of General Assembly resolution 45/217 on the World
Summit for Children" (A/C.2/51/L.8), which read:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolution 45/217 of 21 December 1990 and its
     decisions 47/447 of 22 December 1992, 48/446 of 21 December 1993
     and 49/439 of 19 December 1994,

         "Noting with appreciation the near universal ratification of
     the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the significant
     progress made in national capacities to plan, implement and
     monitor progress for children within the framework of the needs
     and rights of the child,

         "Recognizing the linkage between the eradication of poverty
     and the achievement of the goals of the World Summit for Children,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General and
     welcomes the conclusions contained therein;

         "2.   Welcomes the significant progress reported by most
     countries on achieving the majority of the mid-decade goals and
     objectives of the World Summit for Children, particularly in
     immunization, the control of diarrhoeal diseases, polio, guinea
     worm and iodine deficiency disorders, and access to safe water;

         "3.   Welcomes further the overwhelming response of developing
     countries to the commitments agreed at the World Summit for
     Children;

         "4.   Expresses concern that progress on malnutrition, maternal
     mortality, sanitation, and girls' education has been weak,
     uncertain, or even negligible;

         "5.   Takes note of the considerable variation in the progress
     made across countries and regions due to different baseline
     conditions in 1990 and the varying rates of progress in relation
     to the goals;

         "6.   Reaffirms the need for effective follow-up to the World
     Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of
     Children and the Plan of Action for Implementing the World
     Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of
     Children in the 1990s;

         "7.   Recognizes the need for more intensive efforts in order
     to reach the goals for child mortality, the education of children,
     in particular girl children, maternal mortality, child
     malnutrition and sanitation;

         "8.   Recognizes also the important role of the United Nations
     system in providing coordinated support for the implementation,
     monitoring and evaluation of the World Declaration and Plan of
     Action and the leadership role of the United Nations Children's
     Fund;

         "9.   Invites Governments to increase their budget allocations
     to basic social services for covering the special needs of
     children in order to facilitate achieving the goals set out in the
     World Declaration and Plan of Action;

         "10. Urges developed countries, in particular those countries
     whose overall performance is not commensurate with their capacity,
     taking into account established official development assistance
     targets, including targets established at the Second United
     Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries and their
     current levels of contribution, to increase substantially their
     official development assistance, including contributions to the
     operational activities of the United Nations system;

         "11. Stresses the need for according particular attention to
     the special needs of children in regions of slow progress,
     particularly the least developed countries and sub-Saharan Africa,
     and in other developing countries that have not yet reached the
     mid-decade goals;

         "12. Recognizes the need for continued international support
     to those developing countries that have already reached the
     mid-decade goals or the end-of-decade goals, in order to ensure
     the sustainability of such achievements;

         "13. Recognizes also the contribution to the achievement of
     the goals of the World Summit for Children of the mutual
     commitment between interested developed and developing country
     partners to allocate, on average, 20 per cent of official
     development assistance and 20 per cent of national budgets to
     basic social programmes;

         "14. Stresses the need to continue strengthening and expanding
     effective partnerships between Governments, the United Nations
     system and other international organizations, international donor
     agencies, civil society, including non-governmental organizations,
     the private sector and the media, in order to ensure full
     achievement of the goals by the year 2000;

         "15. Stresses also the need for greater efforts to involve
     children themselves in all matters affecting them, in accordance
     with article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child;

         "16. Stresses further the need for sustainable progress in the
     attainment of goals through, inter alia, support for national
     capacity-building, including that of local communities and civil
     society, including non-governmental organizations;

         "17. Recognizes the importance of fostering exchanges of
     experience between countries, including South-South cooperation,
     in order to help disseminate successful programmes;

         "18. Calls on all relevant organs, organizations and bodies of
     the United Nations system to take into account the lessons learned
     at mid-decade and invites relevant governing bodies to consider
     specific measures, within their respective competencies, to
     address the special needs of children for the achievement of the
     goals for the year 2000; 

         "19. Calls on all relevant bodies and organizations of the
     United Nations system to strengthen inter-agency collaboration
     regarding refugee children and take the necessary steps to ensure
     that such collaboration is considered in related policies and
     programmes; 

         "20. Stresses the necessity and importance of setting
     measurable indicators and targets and of improving data collection
     and assessment concerning the implementation of all Summit goals,
     including the goal of improved protection of children in
     especially difficult circumstances, in particular, displaced and
     refugee children, so that the issue continues to be one of the key
     components of the World Declaration and Programme of Action;

         "21. Calls on Governments and their partners to adjust, refine
     and prioritize, where necessary, their goals and strategies within
     the framework of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, taking
     into account lessons learned during the mid-decade reviews, to
     suit local situations;

         "22. Calls on Governments and the United Nations system to
     intensify their efforts to mainstream the gender perspective in
     their activities, plans and programmes;

         "23. Urges full integration of the follow-up to the Summit
     goals into the work of the inter-agency task forces and other
     mechanisms established to ensure a coordinated and effective
     follow-up to major United Nations conferences;

         "24. Decides to convene a special session of the General
     Assembly in 2001 to review the achievement of the goals of the
     World Summit for Children;

         "25. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
     Assembly at the special session a review of the implementation and
     results of the World Declaration and Plan of Action, including
     appropriate recommendations for further action;

         "26. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-second session on preparations for the
     special session."

6.   At the 37th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Kheireddine Ramoul (Algeria), introduced a draft
resolution entitled "Progress at mid-decade on the implementation of
General Assembly resolution 45/217 on the World Summit for Children"
(A/C.2/51/L.44), which he submitted on the basis of informal
consultations held on draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.8).

7.   At the same meeting, the representative of the Philippines orally
revised the text by reversing the order of operative paragraphs 5 and
6.

8.   Also at the same meeting, the Secretary of the Committee read out
a statement of conference-servicing implications of draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.44 (see A/C.2/51/SR.37).

9.   Also at its 37th meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.44, as orally revised, without a vote (see para. 12).

10.  In the light of the adoption of draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.44,
draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.8 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                              B.  Draft decision

11.  At its 37th meeting, on 2 December, on the proposal of the
Chairman, the Committee decided to recommend to the General Assembly
that it take note of the note by the Secretary-General transmitting
the report of the Administrator of the United Nations Development
Programme on the activities of the United Nations Development Fund for
Women, 1995 (A/51/391) (see para. 13).


                   III.  RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE

12.  The Second Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


       Progress at mid-decade on the implementation of General Assembly
              resolution 45/217 on the World Summit for Children

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 45/217 of 21 December 1990 and 50/120 of
20 December 1995 and its decisions 47/447 of 22 December 1992, 48/446
of 21 December 1993 and 49/439 of 19 December 1994,

     Noting with appreciation the near universal ratification of the
Convention on the Rights of the Child 1/ and the significant progress
made in national capacities to plan, implement and monitor progress
for children within the framework of the needs and rights of the
child,

     Recognizing the linkage between the eradication of poverty and the
achievement of the goals of the World Summit for Children,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General, 2/ and
welcomes the conclusions contained therein;

     2.  Welcomes the significant progress reported by most countries
on achieving the majority of the mid-decade goals and objectives of
the World Summit for Children, particularly in immunization, the
control of diarrhoeal diseases, poliomyelitis, Guinea worm and iodine
deficiency disorders, and access to safe water;

     3.  Also welcomes the overwhelming response of all countries,
especially the developing countries, to the commitments agreed upon at
the World Summit for Children;

     4.  Notes with appreciation the contributions of international
and bilateral donors and civil society to the achievement of the goals
of the World Summit for Children;

     5.  Takes note with concern of the considerable variation in the
progress made across countries and regions owing to different baseline
conditions in 1990 and the varying rates of progress in relation to
the goals;

     6.  Expresses particular concern that progress on malnutrition,
maternal mortality, sanitation, and girls' education has been
inadequate, and in some cases negligible;

     7.  Reaffirms the need for effective follow-up to the World
Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children
and the Plan of Action for Implementing the World Declaration on the
Survival, Protection and Development of Children in the 1990s; 3/

     8.  Recognizes the need for more intensive efforts to reach the
goals for child mortality, the education of children, in particular
girl children, maternal mortality, child malnutrition and sanitation;

     9.  Also recognizes the important role of the United Nations
system in providing coordinated support for the implementation,
monitoring and evaluation of the World Declaration and the Plan of
Action and the leadership role of the United Nations Children's Fund;

     10. Invites Governments to increase, as appropriate, their budget
allocations to basic social services for covering the special needs of
children in order to facilitate the achievement of the goals set out
in the World Declaration and the Plan of Action;

     11. Urges developed countries to make increased efforts to
mobilize additional resources for the fulfilment of the goals and
objectives of the World Summit for Children and to ensure, in the
context of their development assistance, that programmes to that end
will have a priority when resources are allocated;

     12. Encourages civil society and the private sector to continue
to support generously the implementation of the goals of the World
Summit for Children;

     13. Stresses the need for according priority to the special needs
of children in regions of slow progress, particularly the least
developed countries and sub-Saharan Africa, and in other developing
countries that have not yet reached the mid-decade goals;

     14. Recognizes the need for continued cooperation and partnership
and appropriate international support to those developing countries
that have already reached the mid-decade goals or the end-of-decade
goals, so as to ensure the sustainability of such achievements;

     15. Also recognizes the contribution to the achievement of the
goals of the World Summit for Children of the mutual commitment of
interested developed and developing country partners to allocate, on
average, 20 per cent of official development assistance and
20 per cent of national budgets to basic social programmes;

     16. Stresses the need to continue strengthening and expanding
effective partnerships between Governments, the United Nations system
and other international organizations, international donor agencies,
civil society, including non-governmental organizations, the private
sector and the media, so as to ensure full achievement of the goals by
the year 2000;

     17. Also stresses the need for greater efforts to involve
children themselves, in accordance with article 12 of the Convention
on the Rights of the Child, in all matters affecting them;

     18. Further stresses the need for sustainable progress in the
attainment of goals through, inter alia, support for national
capacity-building, including that of local communities and civil
society, including non-governmental organizations;

     19. Recognizes the importance of fostering exchanges of
experience between countries, including South-South cooperation, in
order to help disseminate successful programmes;

     20. Calls upon all relevant organs, organizations and bodies of
the United Nations system to take into account the lessons learned at
mid-decade, and invites relevant governing bodies to consider specific
measures, within their respective competencies, to address the special
needs of children for the achievement of the goals for the year 2000,
giving priority to issues and areas where progress has been slow;

     21. Also calls upon all relevant bodies and organizations of the
United Nations system to strengthen inter-agency collaboration
regarding improved protection and assistance for children in
especially difficult circumstances, including displaced and refugee
children, as well as those suffering from exploitation, and to take
the necessary steps to ensure that such collaboration is considered in
related policies and programmes;

     22. Stresses the necessity and importance of setting measurable
indicators and targets and of improving data collection and assessment
concerning the implementation of all the goals of the World Summit for
Children with regard to the development, protection and survival of
children, including the goal of improved protection of children in
especially difficult circumstances;

     23. Calls upon Governments and their partners, taking into
account lessons learned during the mid-decade reviews, to adjust,
refine and prioritize, where necessary, their goals and strategies
within the framework of the World Declaration and the Plan of Action
and in conformity with the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to
respond to local situations;

     24. Also calls upon Governments and the United Nations system to
promote an active and visible policy of mainstreaming a gender
perspective in the implementation of the goals of the World Summit for
Children;

     25. Urges full integration of the follow-up to the goals of the
World Summit for Children into the work of the inter-agency task
forces and other mechanisms established to ensure a coordinated and
effective follow-up to major United Nations conferences;

     26. Urges once again all States that have not yet done so to sign
and ratify or accede to the Convention on the Rights of the Child as a
matter of priority, with a view to reaching the goal of universal
adherence established by the World Summit for Children;

     27. Decides to convene a special session of the General Assembly
in 2001 to review the achievement of the goals of the World Summit for
Children, and to consider the arrangements for the special session at
its fifty-third session;

     28. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its special session a review of the implementation and
results of the World Declaration and the Plan of Action, including
appropriate recommendations for further action;

     29. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session on the preparations for the
special session and on progress on the implementation of the present
resolution.

                                    *  *  *

13.  The Committee also recommends to the General Assembly the adoption
of the following draft decision:


                Report on the activities of the United Nations
                          Development Fund for Women

     The General Assembly takes note of the note by the
Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Administrator of the
United Nations Development Programme on the activities of the United
Nations Development Fund for Women. 4/


                                     -----


                                     Notes

1/   Resolution 44/25, annex.

2/   A/51/256.

3/   A/45/625, annex.

4/   A/51/391.

 

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