United Nations

A/51/605/Add.5


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 97 (e)


ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:  PROTECTION OF GLOBAL CLIMATE FOR
              PRESENT AND FUTURE GENERATIONS OF MANKIND

               Report of the Second Committee (Part VI) *

(*  The report of the Committee on this item will be issued in several
parts, under the symbol A/51/605 and addenda.)


       Rapporteur:  Ms. Silvia Cristina CORADO-CUEVAS (Guatemala)


I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   The Second Committee held a substantive debate on agenda item 97
(see A/51/605, para. 2).  Action on sub-item (e) was taken at the 19th
and 38th meetings, on 29 October and 2 December 1996.  An account of
the Committee's consideration of the item is contained in the relevant
summary records (A/C.2/51/SR.19 and 38).


         II.  CONSIDERATION OF DRAFT RESOLUTIONS A/C.2/51/L.6 AND L.33

2.   At the 19th meeting, on 29 October, the representative of Costa
Rica (on behalf of the States Members that are members of the Group of
77 and China) and Colombia (on behalf of the States Members that are
members of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries) introduced a draft
resolution (A/C.2/51/L.6) entitled "Protection of global climate for
present and future generations of mankind", which read:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolutions 45/212 of 21 December 1990, 46/169
     of 19 December 1991, 47/195 of 22 December 1992, 48/189 of
     21 December 1993, 49/120 of 19 December 1994 and 50/115 of 20
     December 1995,

         "Noting with satisfaction that most of the States Members of
     the United Nations and one regional economic integration
     organization have ratified or acceded to the United Nations
     Framework Convention on Climate Change, and inviting States that
     are not Parties to the Convention to take appropriate action to
     that end,

         "Noting that the second session of the Conference of the
     Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
     Change was convened from 8 to 19 July 1996 in Geneva, and that at
     that session the Conference of the Parties adopted a series of
     substantive decisions,

         "Recalling that at its second session the Conference of the
     Parties took note of the Geneva Ministerial Declaration which
     commanded majority support among ministers and other heads of
     delegations attending the Conference,

         "Considering the important scientific contribution to the
     convention process of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
     Change of the World Meteorological Organization/United Nations
     Environment Programme, and considering also its second assessment
     report to be the most comprehensive and authoritative assessment
     now available of the scientific and technical information
     regarding global climate change,

         "Concerned that changes in climate may result in
     significant - and often adverse - impacts on many ecological
     systems and socio-economic sectors, including food supply and
     water resources, and on human health, and noting that in some
     cases the impacts are potentially irreversible, and that
     developing countries and small island developing States are
     typically more vulnerable to climate change,

         "Looking forward to the continued efforts of the Conference
     of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies in addressing climate
     change and, in particular, to the successful conclusion of the
     Berlin Mandate process at the third session of the Conference of
     the Parties,

         "Reiterating that a comprehensive approach should be adopted
     by the Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies in the
     implementation of the Convention, including the full consideration
     of the particular situation of the developing countries as
     recognized by the Convention,

         "Taking note with appreciation of the generous offer of the
     Government of Japan to host the third session of the Conference of
     the Parties at Kyoto from 1 to 12 December 1997,

         "Noting that the relocation of the Convention secretariat to
     Bonn, Germany, is well under way, and expressing its appreciation
     to the Government of Germany and the city of Bonn for the
     facilities and support they are providing to the secretariat,

         "Recalling its request to the Secretary-General, as put forth
     in General Assembly resolution 50/115, paragraph 9, to make the
     necessary arrangements to include in the calendar of conferences
     and meetings for the biennium 1998-1999 those sessions of the
     Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies that the
     Conference might need to convene in that period,

         "Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on the
     implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/115,

         "1.   Welcomes the administrative arrangements regarding
     personnel and financial matters that have been established in the
     context of the transitional arrangement for administrative support
     to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on
     Climate Change for the biennium 1996-1997;

         "2.   Also welcomes the arrangements made for the provision of
     conference services to the Conference of the Parties to the
     Convention and its subsidiary bodies for the biennium 1996-1997;

         "3.   Reiterates its request to the Secretary-General, as set
     forth in General Assembly resolution 50/115, paragraph 10, to
     review the arrangements mentioned in operative paragraphs 1 and 2
     above towards the end of the biennium 1996-1997 and to report upon
     the results of that review to the Assembly at its fifty-second
     session, taking into account evolving needs arising from the
     relocation to Bonn of the Convention secretariat;

         "4.   Notes with appreciation contributions made to the
     extrabudgetary funds established under paragraphs 10 and 20 of
     General Assembly resolution 45/212, and maintained in accordance
     with Assembly resolution 47/195, and calls upon Member States that
     are Parties to the Convention to also contribute generously to the
     trust fund for participation in the Convention process envisaged
     in paragraph 15 of its financial procedures, as well as to the
     trust funds envisaged for supplementary activities under the
     Convention;

         "5.   Urges Member States that are Parties to the Convention to
     pay promptly and in full for each of the years 1996 and 1997, in
     accordance with the indicative scale adopted by consensus by the
     Conference of the Parties, the contributions required for the
     trust fund for the core budget of the Convention envisaged in
     paragraph 13 of its financial procedures, so as to ensure
     continuity in the cash flow required to finance the ongoing work
     of the Conference of the Parties, the subsidiary bodies and the
     Convention secretariat;

         "6.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
     fifty-second session the item entitled 'Protection of global
     climate for present and future generations of mankind' and to
     undertake thereat the consideration of the reviews requested in
     paragraph 10 of General Assembly resolution 50/115."

3.   At the 38th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Mohammad Reza Hadji Karim Djabbary (Islamic Republic of
Iran), introduced a draft resolution (A/C.2/51/L.33), submitted on the
basis of informal consultations held on draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.6.

4.   At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.33 (see para. 7).

5.   After the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
the Marshall Islands made a statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.38).

6.   In the light of the adoption of draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.33,
draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.6 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                 III.  RECOMMENDATION OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE

7.   The Second Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


              Protection of global climate for present and future
                            generations of mankind

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 45/212 of 21 December 1990, 46/169 of
19 December 1991, 47/195 of 22 December 1992, 48/189 of
21 December 1993, 49/120 of 19 December 1994 and 50/115 of
20 December 1995,

     Noting with satisfaction that most States and one regional
economic integration organization have ratified or acceded to the
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1/ and
inviting States that are not Parties to take appropriate action to
that end,

     Welcoming the achievements of the second session of the Conference
of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change, which was convened at Geneva from 8 to 19 July 1996, and
noting that the Conference of the Parties at its second session
adopted by consensus a series of substantive decisions, 2/

     Recalling that at its second session the Conference of the Parties
took note, without formal adoption, of the Geneva Ministerial
Declaration which received majority support among ministers and other
heads of delegations attending the Conference, which, inter alia,
called for acceleration of negotiations on the text of a legally
binding protocol or another legal instrument to be completed in due
time for adoption at the third session of the Conference of the
Parties, as mentioned in the Geneva Declaration,

     Taking note with appreciation of the scientific contribution to
the convention process of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change of the World Meteorological Organization/United Nations
Environment Programme, and also taking note of its second assessment
report as the most comprehensive assessment available to date of the
issues related to global climate change,

     Concerned that changes in climate may result in significant and
often adverse impacts on many ecological systems and socio-economic
sectors, including food supply and water resources, and on human
health, and noting that in some cases the impacts are potentially
irreversible, and that developing countries and small island
developing States are typically more vulnerable to climate change,

     Looking forward to the continued efforts of the Conference of the
Parties and its subsidiary bodies in addressing climate change and, in
particular, to the successful conclusion of the Berlin Mandate  3/
process at the third session of the Conference of the Parties,

     Reiterating that a comprehensive approach should be adopted by the
Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies in the
implementation of the Convention, including the full consideration of
the particular situation of the developing countries as recognized by
the Convention,

     Taking note with appreciation of the generous offer of the
Government of Japan to host the third session of the Conference of the
Parties at Kyoto from 1 to 12 December 1997, 4/

     Noting that the relocation of the Convention secretariat to Bonn,
Germany is well under way, and expressing its appreciation to the
Government of Germany and the city of Bonn for the facilities and
support they are providing to the secretariat,

     Recalling its request to the Secretary-General, as put forth in
General Assembly resolution 50/115, paragraph 9, to make the necessary
arrangements to include in the calendar of conferences and meetings
for the biennium 1998-1999 those sessions of the Conference of the
Parties and its subsidiary bodies that the Conference may need to
convene in that period, and noting that those arrangements should be
made without prejudice to the outcome of the review referred to in
paragraph 3 of the present resolution,

     Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/115,  5/

     1.  Notes the administrative arrangements regarding personnel and
financial matters that have been established in the context of the
transitional arrangement for administrative support to the secretariat
of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change for the
biennium 1996-1997; 6/ 

     2.  Also notes the arrangements made for the provision of
conference services to the Conference of the Parties to the Convention
and its subsidiary bodies for the biennium 1996-1997; 7/ 

     3.  Reiterates its request to the Secretary-General, as set forth
in General Assembly resolution 50/115, paragraph 10, to review the
arrangements mentioned in paragraphs 1 and 2 above towards the end of
the biennium 1996-1997 and to report on the results of that review to
the Assembly at its fifty-second session, taking into account evolving
needs arising from the relocation to Bonn of the Convention
secretariat;

     4.  Notes with appreciation contributions made to the
extrabudgetary funds established under paragraphs 10 and 20 of General
Assembly resolution 45/212, and maintained in accordance with Assembly
resolution 47/195, and calls upon Member States that are Parties to
the Convention to also contribute generously to the trust fund for
participation in the Convention process envisaged in paragraph 15 of
its financial procedures, and to the trust funds envisaged for
supplementary activities under the Convention; 8/ 

     5.  Calls upon Member States that are Parties to the Convention
to pay in full and in a timely manner for each of the years 1996 and
1997, in accordance with the indicative scale adopted by consensus by
the Conference of the Parties, 9/  the contributions required for
the trust fund for the core budget of the Convention, envisaged in
paragraph 13 of its financial procedures, so as to ensure continuity
in the cash flow required to finance the ongoing work of the
Conference of the Parties, the subsidiary bodies and the Convention
secretariat;

     6.  Invites the Executive Secretary of the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session and, pending the outcome of the
special session of the General Assembly in 1997, to report on the
results of future meetings of the Conference of the Parties to the
Convention;

     7.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Protection of global climate for
present and future generations of mankind" and to consider at that
session the reviews requested in paragraph 10 of General Assembly
resolution 50/115.


                                     -----

                                     Notes

1/   A/AC.237/18 (Part II)/Add.1 and Corr.1, annex I).

2/   See FCCC/CP/1996/15/Add.1.

3/   FCCC/CP/1995/7/Add.1, decision 1/CP.1.

4/   FCCC/CP/1996/15/Add.1, decision 1/CP.2.

5/   A/51/484.

6/   Ibid., paras. 14-18.

7/   Ibid., para. 9.

8/   FCCC/CP/1995/7/Add.1, decision 15/CP.1, annex I, and decision
18/CP.1.

9/   Ibid., decision 15/CP.1, annex II.


 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org