United Nations

A/51/605/Add.4


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 97 (d)


        ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:  IMPLEMENTATION OF THE
        OUTCOME OF THE GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
                       OF SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES

                  Report of the Second Committee (Part V) *

(*  The report of the Committee on this item will be issued in several
parts, under the symbol A/51/605 and addenda.)


          Rapporteur:  Ms. Silvia Cristina CORADO-CUEVAS (Guatemala)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   The Second Committee held a substantive debate on agenda item 97
(see A/51/605, para. 2).  Action on sub-item (d) was taken at the 22nd
and 38th meetings, on 30 October and 2 December 1996.  An account of
the Committee's consideration of the item is contained in the relevant
summary records (A/C.2/51/SR.22 and 38).


         II.  CONSIDERATION OF DRAFT RESOLUTIONS A/C.2/51/L.7 AND L.35

2.   At the 22nd meeting, on 30 October, the representative of
Costa Rica (on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that
are members of the Group of 77 and China) and Colombia (on behalf of
the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
Movement of Non-Aligned Countries) introduced a draft resolution
(A/C.2/51/L.7) entitled "Implementation of the outcome of the Global
Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing
States".  Subsequently, Canada joined in sponsoring the draft
resolution, which read:



         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolutions 49/122 of 19 December 1994, 49/100
     of 19 December 1994 and 50/116 of 20 December 1995, on or related
     to the implementation of the outcome of the Global Conference on
     the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, and
     reaffirming Commission on Sustainable Development decision 4/16 on
     the review of the implementation of the programme of action for
     the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States,

         "Reaffirming that, because development options of small
     island developing States are limited, there are special challenges
     to devising and implementing sustainable development plans, and
     that small island developing States will be constrained in terms
     of meeting such challenges and overcoming the obstacles to
     sustainable development without the active support and cooperation
     of the international community,

         "Stressing the need for greater attention to priority areas
     of the Programme of Action, particularly transport and
     communications, tourism, energy, science and technology,
     biodiversity resources and climate change and sea-level rise,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on
     action taken at the international, regional and national levels,
     inter alia, by the organs, organizations and bodies of the United
     Nations system, to implement the Programme of Action for the
     Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, and
     welcomes in particular the action that has been taken by the
     Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development of
     the United Nations Secretariat to support the system-wide
     implementation of the Programme of Action;

         "2.   Stresses the importance of maintaining the Small Island
     Developing States Unit within the above-mentioned Department, and
     requests the Secretary-General to maintain and strengthen the
     level of staffing, structure and organization of the Unit, in
     accordance with General Assembly resolution 49/122;

         "3.   Welcomes the action that has been taken enabling the
     regional commissions to support activities to coordinate the
     outcome of the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of
     Small Island Developing States;

         "4.   Notes with some concern the impact that may evolve from
     the decision of the United Nations Conference on Trade and
     Development at its ninth session related to programme support for
     small island developing countries, within the framework of the
     Programme of Action, and requests the Secretary-General to
     implement fully the relevant provisions of General Assembly
     resolution 49/122;

         "5.   Calls upon Governments, as well as the organs,
     organizations and bodies of the United Nations system,
     intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental
     organizations, to continue to implement fully all the commitments
     and recommendations that were made at the Global Conference, and
     to continue to take the necessary action for effective follow-up
     to the Programme of Action, including action to ensure the
     provisions of the means of implementation under chapter XV
     thereof;

         "6.   Recognizes the importance of the technical assistance
     programme (SIDSTAP) and the information network for small island
     developing States (SIDSNET) in the overall implementation of the
     Programme of Action, takes note of the progress made by the United
     Nations Development Programme in implementing General Assembly
     resolution 49/122, and invites the United Nations Development
     Programme to implement fully all provisions, both of the technical
     assistance programme and of the information network for small
     island developing States;

         "7.   Takes note of the support that has been provided by the
     Commission on Sustainable Development to following up the
     implementation of the Programme of Action in accordance with
     General Assembly resolution 49/122 and the Programme of Action
     itself, and invites the Commission at its fifth session to
     continue its support and attention to the Programme of Action in
     respect of the preparations for the special session of the
     Assembly to be held in June 1997;

         "8.   Welcomes with appreciation the inclusion of the
     development of a vulnerability index for small island developing
     States as part of the work programme of the Department for Policy
     Coordination and Sustainable Development for 1996-1999, and, in
     this regard, requests the Secretary-General to commence work as
     soon as possible on the development and compilation of the index,
     to be prepared by the Department in collaboration with the United
     Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the United Nations
     Environment Programme and other relevant organizations and experts
     as regards the index, and scheduled for 1997;

         "9.   Requests the Department for Policy Coordination and
     Sustainable Development of the United Nations Secretariat, in its
     coordinating role, to formulate appropriate modalities for
     mobilizing resources for effective implementation of the Programme
     of Action;

         "10. Welcomes the report of the High-level Panel Meeting on
     Island Developing Countries, examined at the fourth session of the
     Commission on Sustainable Development;

         "11. Decides to establish an informal open-ended working group
     within the existing Framework of Action for the International
     Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, with the membership of all
     States, including all relevant sectors in disaster reduction, with
     a view to ensuring full integration and participation of small
     island developing States in the mapping of a concerted strategy
     for disaster reduction into the twenty-first century;

         "12. Urges the international community to support small island
     developing States in their efforts to adapt to the sea-level rise
     that will be experienced as a result of the impact of greenhouse
     gases that have already been emitted into the atmosphere and in
     improving access to disaster and warning information in order to
     enhance the capability of small island developing States with
     respect to disaster management; 

         "13. Calls upon the international community, and financial
     institutions, including the Global Environment Facility, within
     the framework of its operational strategy, to support commercial
     energy development in small island developing States based on
     environmentally sound renewable sources with demonstrated
     viability, to support improvement of the efficiency of existing
     technologies and end-use equipment based on conventional energy
     sources, and to assist with the financing of investments necessary
     to expand energy supplies beyond urban areas; 

         "14. Also calls upon the international community to support
     the efforts of, and to provide assistance to small island
     developing States as regards improving and acquiring the means of
     maritime transport and development of infrastructure in small
     island developing States, including airports and harbours, roads
     and telecommunications; 

         "15. Welcomes action at the national and regional levels by
     small island developing States, and invites all Governments, with
     the assistance of international and regional organizations, to
     continue to support and to provide information on all of their
     major activities under the Programme of Action so as to enable an
     adequate review of the aforementioned action taken at the national
     and regional levels;

         "16. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the plans,
     programmes and projects for the sustainable development of small
     island developing States that have been implemented in response to
     the Programme of Action, as well as those that are under
     implementation and those that are envisaged for implementation
     within five years of the date of the report;

         "17. Decides that the report pertaining to the vulnerability
     index should be tabled for consideration by the Commission on
     Sustainable Development at its fifth session, and that the
     Committee for Development Planning should table its views and
     recommendations on the report on the index, for consideration by
     the Economic and Social Council in 1997;

         "18. Also decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
     fifty-second session, under the item entitled 'Environment and
     sustainable development', the sub-item entitled 'Implementation of
     the outcome of the Global Conference on the Sustainable
     Development of Small Island Developing States';

         "19. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-second session a progress report on the
     implementation of the present resolution."

3.   At the 38th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Mohammad Reza Hadji Karim Djabbary (Islamic Republic of
Iran), introduced a draft resolution (A/C.2/51/L.35), submitted on the
basis of informal consultations held on draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.7.

4.   At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.35 (see para. 7).

5.   After the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
Papua New Guinea made a statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.38).

6.   In the light of the adoption of draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.35,
draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.7 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                 III.  RECOMMENDATION OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE

7.   The Second Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


         Implementation of the outcome of the Global Conference on the
           Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 49/100 and 49/122 of 19 December 1994
and 50/116 of 20 December 1995, on or related to the implementation of
the outcome of the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of
Small Island Developing States, and reaffirming Commission on
Sustainable Development decision 4/16 1/ on the review of the
implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable
Development of Small Island Developing States, 2/

     Reaffirming that, because the development options of small island
developing States are limited, there are special challenges to
devising and implementing sustainable development plans, and that
small island developing States will be constrained in meeting such
challenges and overcoming obstacles to sustainable development without
the active support and cooperation of the international community,

     Stressing the need for greater attention to priority areas of the
Programme of Action, particularly climate change and sea-level rise,
energy resources, tourism resources, biodiversity resources, transport
and communications and science and technology,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General 3/ on
action taken at the international, regional and national levels, inter
alia, by the organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations
system to implement the Programme of Action for the Sustainable
Development of Small Island Developing States,2 and welcomes in
particular the action that has been taken by the Department for Policy
Coordination and Sustainable Development of the United Nations
Secretariat to support the system-wide implementation of the Programme
of Action;

     2.  Stresses the importance of maintaining the Small Island
Developing States Unit within the above-mentioned Department, and
requests the Secretary-General to maintain the Unit at an appropriate
level of staff and improve the structure and organization of the Unit,
in accordance with General Assembly resolution 49/122;

     3.  Welcomes the work being done by the regional commissions to
support activities to coordinate the outcome of the Global Conference
on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States;

     4.  Takes note of the decisions of the United Nations Conference
on Trade and Development, at its ninth session, related to programme
support for small island developing countries, 4/ within the
framework of the Programme of Action, and requests the Secretary-
General to implement fully the relevant provisions of General Assembly
resolution 49/122;

     5.  Calls upon Governments, as well as the organs, organizations
and bodies of the United Nations system, other intergovernmental
organizations and non-governmental organizations, to continue to
implement fully all the commitments and recommendations that were made
at the Global Conference, and to continue to take the necessary
actions for effective follow-up to the Programme of Action, including
action to ensure the provision of the means of implementation under
chapter XV thereof;

     6.  Recognizes the importance of the technical assistance
programme (SIDSTAP) and the information network for small island
developing States (SIDSNET) in the overall implementation of the
Programme of Action, takes note of the progress made by the United
Nations Development Programme in implementing General Assembly
resolution 49/122, and requests the Programme, in cooperation with
Governments, to continue its actions to implement fully all provisions
in order to operationalize the two mechanisms;

     7.  Takes note of the support that has been provided by the
Commission on Sustainable Development to following up the
implementation of the Programme of Action in accordance with General
Assembly resolution 49/122 and the Programme of Action itself, and
invites the Commission at its fifth session to continue its support
for and attention to the Programme of Action, as an integral part of
the preparations for the special session of the General Assembly to be
held in June 1997;

     8.  Requests that, in the context of the special session of the
General Assembly, specific modalities will be recommended to examine
all outstanding chapters of the Programme of Action, and for
undertaking the full review of the Programme of Action in 1999;

     9.  Welcomes the inclusion of the development of a vulnerability
index for small island developing States as part of the work programme
of the Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development
for 1996-1997, and in this regard requests the Secretary-General, in
collaboration with the United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development, the United Nations Environment Programme, other relevant
United Nations organizations and non-United Nations organizations, to
prepare a report based on the views of relevant experts on the
vulnerability index, in 1997;

     10. Requests the Committee for Development Planning, at its
thirty-second session, to formulate its views and recommendations on
the above-mentioned report, with a view to submitting those views to
the General Assembly at its fifty-third session, through the Economic
and Social Council, and to make this information available to the
Commission on Sustainable Development;

     11. Requests the Department for Policy Coordination and
Sustainable Development, in its coordinating role, to look into
appropriate modalities for mobilizing resources for effective
implementation of the Programme of Action and provide information
thereon;

     12. Requests closer collaboration and greater transparency
between the Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable
Development and the United Nations Development Programme for effective
implementation of the technical assistance programme (SIDSTAP), and
requests detailed information to be made available to Governments on
actions taken to this effect;

     13. Welcomes the report of the High-level Panel Meeting on Island
Developing Countries 5/ on the challenges faced by island developing
countries, particularly in the area of external trade, considered by
the Commission on Sustainable Development at its fourth session;

     14. Requests the Secretary-General to seek the views of
Governments on an informal open-ended working group within the
existing Framework of Action for the International Decade for Natural
Disaster Reduction, 6/ with the membership of all concerned States,
including all relevant sectors in disaster reduction, with a view to
ensuring full integration and participation of small island developing
States in the mapping of a concerted strategy for disaster reduction
into the twenty-first century and in improving access to disaster and
warning information in order to enhance the capability of small island
developing States with respect to disaster management;

     15. Stresses that small island developing States are particularly
vulnerable to global climate change and sea-level rise, and that the
potential effects of global climate change and sea-level rise are
increased strength and frequency of tropical storms and inundation of
some islands, with loss of exclusive economic zones, economic
infrastructure, human settlements and culture, and urges the
international community to support small island developing States in
their efforts to adapt to the sea-level rise that will be experienced
as a result of the impact of greenhouse gases that have already been
emitted into the atmosphere;

     16. Calls upon the international community, including the Global
Environment Facility, within the framework of its operational
strategy, to support commercial energy development in small island
developing States based on those environmentally sound renewable
sources with demonstrated viability, to support improvement of the
efficiency of existing technologies and end-use equipment based on
conventional energy sources, and to assist with the financing of
investments necessary to expand energy supplies beyond urban areas;

     17. Further calls upon the international community, where
appropriate, to support the efforts of and to provide assistance to
small island developing States with respect to improving and
acquiring, through appropriate investment incentives and innovative
measures, the means of maritime transport and development of
infrastructure in small island developing States, such as airports,
harbours, roads and telecommunications;

     18. Welcomes actions at the national and regional levels by small
island developing States, and invites all Governments, with the
assistance of international and regional organizations, to provide
information on all of their major activities under the Programme of
Action so as to enable an adequate review of the actions taken at the
national and regional levels;

     19. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the plans, programmes
and projects for the sustainable development of small island
developing States that have been implemented in response to the
Programme of Action, as well as those that are under implementation
and those that are envisaged for implementation within five years of
the date of the report;

     20. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session, under the item entitled "Environment and sustainable
development", the sub-item entitled "Implementation of the outcome of
the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island
Developing States";

     21. Further requests the Secretary-General to submit to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session a progress report on the
particular actions taken to implement the present resolution.


                                     -----


                                     Notes

1/   See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 8 (E/1996/28), chap. I, sect. C.

2/   Report of the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of
Small Island Developing States, Bridgetown, Barbados, 25 April-6 May
1994 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.I.18 and corrigenda),
chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

3/   A/51/354.

4/   TD/378.

5/   E/CN.17/1996/IDC/3-UNCTAD/LLDC/IDC.3.

6/   See resolution 44/236, annex.

 

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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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