United Nations

A/51/605/Add.3


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 97 (c)


           ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:  IMPLEMENTATION
                   OF THE CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

                  Report of the Second Committee (Part IV) *

(*  The report of the Committee on this item will be issued in several
parts, under the symbol A/51/605 and addenda.)


          Rapporteur:  Ms. Silvia Cristina CORADO-CUEVAS (Guatemala)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   The Second Committee held a substantive debate on agenda item 97
(see A/51/605, para. 2).  Action on sub-item (c) was taken at the 22nd
and 37th meetings, on 30 October and 2 December 1996.  An account of
the Committee's consideration of the item is contained in the relevant
summary records (A/C.2/51/SR.22 and 37).


              II.  CONSIDERATION OF DRAFT RESOLUTIONS A/C.2/51/L.5
                   AND L.31

2.   At the 22nd meeting, on 30 October, the representative of Costa
Rica (on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are
members of the Group of 77 and China) and Colombia (on behalf of the
States Members of the United Nations that are members of the Movement
of Non-Aligned Countries) introduced a draft resolution (A/C.2/51/L.5)
entitled "Convention on Biological Diversity", which read:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Reaffirming its resolutions 49/117 of 19 December 1994 and
     50/111 of 20 December 1995 on the Convention on Biological
     Diversity and resolution 49/119 of 19 December 1994 on the
     International Day for Biological Diversity,

         "Recalling the provisions of the Convention on Biological
     Diversity,

         "Recalling also Agenda 21, particularly its chapter 15, on
     the conservation of biological diversity, and related chapters,

         "Recalling further the recommendations made at the third
     session of the Commission on Sustainable Development on the review
     of chapter 15 of Agenda 21 on the conservation of biological
     diversity,

         "Deeply concerned by the continuing loss of the world's
     biological diversity and, on the basis of the provisions of the
     Convention, reaffirming the commitment to the conservation of
     biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, the
     provision of financial resources, technology transfer, respect for
     each country's intellectual property rights, and the fair and
     equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic
     resources, in particular for the developing countries,

         "Emphasizing that the Convention is an instrument aimed at
     achieving sustainable development, and taking into account its
     three objectives,

         "Noting with satisfaction that most States Members of the
     United Nations and one regional economic integration organization
     have ratified or acceded to the Convention on Biological
     Diversity, and calling upon those States that are not parties to
     take appropriate action to that end,

         "Taking note with appreciation of the generous offer of the
     Government of Argentina to host the third session of the
     Conference of the Parties at Buenos Aires from 4 to 15 November
     1996,

         "Encouraged by the work carried out to date under the
     Convention,

         "1.   Welcomes the results of the second meeting of the
     Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological
     Diversity, held at Jakarta from 6 to 17 November 1995, as
     reflected in the report of the Executive Secretary of the
     Convention, submitted in accordance with paragraph 5 of General
     Assembly resolution 50/111, and takes note of the Jakarta Mandate
     on Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity, which proposes a
     framework for global action;

         "2.   Takes note of the results of the second meeting of the
     Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice,
     held at the headquarters of the secretariat of the Convention at
     Montreal from 2 to 6 September 1996, and of the work carried out
     at the first meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Working Group on
     Biosafety, held at Aarhus, Denmark from 22 to 26 July 1996;

         "3.   Calls upon those States that have not yet ratified the
     Convention to expedite their internal procedures of ratification,
     acceptance or approval;

         "4.   Also calls upon the international community, including
     multilateral mechanisms and existing funds and programmes, to
     provide adequate and additional resources, in an expeditious
     manner, for activities related to the Convention on Biological
     Diversity, taking into account the three objectives of the
     Convention;

         "5.   Welcomes the work being carried out under the Convention
     aimed at enhancing cooperation with the Commission on Sustainable
     Development, conventions related to biological diversity and other
     international agreements, institutions and processes of relevance,
     and invites the Conference of the Parties to the Convention, at
     its fourth meeting, to consider ways of promoting closer
     cooperation between the Conference of the Parties and the General
     Assembly with respect to aspects of sustainable development that
     are related to biological diversity;

         "6.   Requests the Conference of the Parties to submit to the
     General Assembly at its special session in 1997, a report
     considering, inter alia, progress made and problems encountered,
     and the effectiveness of inter-agency arrangements established to
     follow-up the United Nations Conference on Environment and
     Development and suggesting, on the basis of experience gained
     under the Convention, ways of promoting effective and efficient
     support in the area of sustainable development throughout the
     United Nations system for the period after 1997;

         "7.   Invites the Executive Secretary of the Convention on
     Biological Diversity to report to the General Assembly on a
     regular basis, including at its fifty-second session, on the
     results of future meetings of the Conference of the Parties to the
     Convention;

         "8.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
     fifty-second session an item entitled 'Convention on Biological
     Diversity'".

3.   At the 37th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Mohammad Reza Hadji Karim Djabbary (Islamic Republic of
Iran), introduced a draft resolution (A/C.2/51/L.31), submitted on the
basis of informal consultations held on draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.5.

4.   At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.31 (see para. 7).

5.   After the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
the Marshall Islands made a statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.37).

6.   In the light of the adoption of draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.31,
draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.5 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                 III.  RECOMMENDATION OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE

7.   The Second Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


                      Convention on biological diversity

     The General Assembly,

     Reaffirming its resolutions 49/117 of 19 December 1994 and 50/111
of 20 December 1995 on the Convention on Biological Diversity, and
resolution 49/119 of 19 December 1994 on the International Day for
Biological Diversity,

     Recalling the provisions of the Convention on Biological
Diversity, 1/

     Also recalling Agenda 21, 2/ particularly its chapter 15, on the
conservation of biological diversity, and related chapters,

     Further recalling the recommendations made at the third session of
the Commission on Sustainable Development on the review of chapter 15
of Agenda 21 on the conservation of biological diversity, 3/

     Deeply concerned by the continued loss of the world's biological
diversity and, on the basis of the provisions of the Convention,
reaffirming the commitment to the conservation of biological
diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and
equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of
genetic resources,

     Emphasizing that the Convention on Biological Diversity is an
important instrument for achieving sustainable development, taking
into account its three objectives,

     Notes with satisfaction that most States and one regional economic
integration organization have ratified or acceded to the Convention,

     Taking note with appreciation of the generous offer of the
Government of Argentina to host the third session of the Conference of
the Parties to the Convention at Buenos Aires from 4 to 15 November
1996,

     Encouraged by the work carried out to date under the Convention,

     1.  Welcomes the results of the second meeting of the Conference
of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, held in
Jakarta, Indonesia from 6 to 17 November 1995, as reflected in the
report of the meetings, 4/ submitted in accordance with General
Assembly resolution 50/111, and in that context reaffirms the need to
take concrete action to fulfil the three objectives of the Convention,
and takes note of the Jakarta Mandate on Marine and Coastal Biological
Diversity, which proposes a framework for global action; 5/

     2.  Takes note of the results of the second meeting of the
Convention's Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and
Technological Advice, held at the seat of the secretariat of the
Convention in Montreal from 2 to 6 September 1996, and of the work
carried out at the first meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Working
Group on Biosafety, held in Aarhus, Denmark from 22 to 26 July 1996;

     3.  Encourages those States that have not yet ratified the
Convention to do so;

     4.  Recognizes that States Parties have agreed to provide
financial resources for the implementation of the Convention in
accordance with article 20, paragraphs 1 and 2, of the Convention;

     5.  Invites the Executive Secretary of the Convention to provide
to the General Assembly at its special session in 1997, inter alia,
information on experience gained under the Convention to date, and
information on effective arrangements for the coordination of
activities related to the objectives of the Convention;

     6.  Welcomes the work being carried out under the Convention to
enhance cooperation with the Commission on Sustainable Development and
biodiversity-related conventions, and invites the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention to take into account the outcome of the 1997
special session at its fourth meeting, when considering ways of
promoting greater cooperation with the United Nations system and the
international community in relation to activities relevant to the
objectives of the Convention;

     7.  Invites the Executive Secretary of the Convention on
Biological Diversity to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-
second session, and pending the outcome of the 1997 special session,
to report to the Assembly on the results of future meetings of the
Conference of the Parties to the Convention;

     8.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Convention on Biological Diversity".


                                     -----


                                     Notes

1/   See United Nations Environment Programme, Convention on Biological
Diversity (Environmental Law and Institution Programme Activity
Centre), June 1992.

2/   Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigendum), vol. I:  Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex II.

3/   See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1995,
Supplement No. 12 (E/1995/32), chap. I, para. 230 (i)).

4/   A/51/312, annex.

5/   Ibid., appendix.

 

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