United Nations

A/51/605/Add.2


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 97 (b)


            ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:  SPECIAL SESSION
            FOR THE PURPOSE OF AN OVERALL REVIEW AND APPRAISAL OF THE
                          IMPLEMENTATION OF AGENDA 21

                 Report of the Second Committee (Part III) *

(*  The report of the Committee on this item will be issued in several
parts, under the symbol A/51/605 and addenda.)


          Rapporteur:  Ms. Silvia Cristina CORADO-CUEVAS (Guatemala)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   The Second Committee held a substantive debate on agenda item 97
(see A/51/605, para. 2).  Action on sub-item (b) was taken at the 24th
and 37th meetings, on 1 November and 2 December 1996.  An account of
the Committee's consideration of the item is contained in the relevant
summary records (A/C.2/51/SR.24 and 37).


                     II.  CONSIDERATION OF DRAFT RESOLUTIONS
                          A/C.2/51/L.9 AND L.41

2.   At the 24th meeting, on 1 November, the representative of
Costa Rica (on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that
are members of the Group of 77 and China) and Colombia (on behalf of
the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
Movement of Non-Aligned Countries), introduced a draft resolution
(A/C.2/51/L.9) entitled "Special session for the purpose of an overall
review and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21", which read:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolution 47/190 of 22 December 1992, in
     which it decided to convene, not later than 1997, a special
     session, for the purpose of an overall review and appraisal of the
     implementation of Agenda 21,

         "Reaffirming its resolution 50/113 of 20 December 1995, as
     the agreed basis that determines the modalities for the
     preparations for the special session, including the role of the
     Commission on Sustainable Development as the functional commission
     of the Economic and Social Council mandated to follow-up the
     United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, as well
     as the role of other relevant organizations and bodies of the
     United Nations system,

         "Strongly reaffirming that the special session for the
     purpose of an overall review and appraisal of the implementation
     of Agenda 21 will be undertaken on the basis of and in full
     respect of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, in
     particular principle 7 on the common but differentiated
     responsibilities of States,

         "Taking note of the progress report of the Secretary-General
     on the state of preparations for the 1997 special session, and
     taking into account the views and concerns expressed by
     delegations to the Economic and Social Council at its substantive
     session of 1996 and to the Second Committee of the General
     Assembly at its fifty-first session,

         "Stressing that there should be no attempt to renegotiate
     Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, the
     Non-legally Binding Authoritative Statement of Principles for a
     Global Consensus on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable
     Development of All Types of Forests, or other intergovernmental
     agreements in the field of sustainable development, but that
     discussion should concentrate on commitments and the further
     implementation of Agenda 21 and related post-Conference outcomes,

         "1.   Decides to convene the special session envisaged in
     General Assembly resolutions 47/190 of 22 December 1992 and 50/113
     of 20 December 1995 for a duration of one week, from 23 to
     27 June 1997, at the highest possible level of participation;

         "2.   Decides also that the Commission on Sustainable
     Development will devote the forthcoming meeting of its ad hoc
     open-ended inter-sessional working group, to be held from
     24 February to 7 March 1997, to preparing for the special session,
     and that the Commission will devote its fifth session, to be held
     from 7 to 25 April 1997, as a negotiating meeting, to final
     preparations for the special session for the purpose of an overall
     review and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21;

         "3.   Calls upon the international community to engage the full
     participation of high-level scientific and technical experts,
     consistent with the United Nations Conference on Environment and
     Development, both in preparatory meetings and at the special
     session itself;

         "4.   Requests the Secretariat to provide, not later than
     15 January 1997, all relevant reports called for in General
     Assembly resolution 50/113, including all other reports related to
     the outcome of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
     Development, for consideration by the ad hoc open-ended
     inter-sessional working group of the Commission on Sustainable
     Development and by the Commission at its fifth session;

         "5.   Also requests the Secretary-General to ensure that
     preparations for the comprehensive report are conducted in
     accordance with paragraph 13 of Assembly resolution 50/113;

         "6.   Also requests:

         "(a) That other contributing reports/inputs to the special
     session incorporate, without prejudice, information on the
     implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable
     Development of Small Island Developing States and the global
     freshwater assessment and from the Intergovernmental Panel on
     Forests of the Commission on Sustainable Development, the Global
     Environmental Facility and other bodies of the United Nations
     system, including the United Nations Environment Programme, the
     United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations
     Industrial Development Organization, the regional commissions and
     the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and
     information on relevant United Nations conventions dealing with
     the environment, the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the
     Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete
     the Ozone Layer, on regional and inter-sessional meetings
     organized by countries and on activities organized by major
     groups, including business and industry, and non-governmental
     organizations;

         "(b) That, in the context of the special session, specific
     modalities be recommended for examining all outstanding chapters
     of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of
     Small Island Developing States, and for undertaking the full
     review of the Programme of Action in 1999;

         "7.   Further requests the Secretary-General, in his report for
     the special session on cross-sectoral issues of Agenda 21, to give
     special consideration to poverty, financial resources and
     mechanisms, education, science, the transfer of technology,
     production and consumption patterns, and trade and environment,
     with respect to the importance of sectoral issues;

         "8.  Welcomes the outcome of the United Nations Conference on
     Human Settlements (Habitat II), held at Istanbul from 3 to
     14 June 1996, and its relevance to the field of sustainable
     development, calls for effective interaction and exchange of
     information on work carried out by the Commission on Sustainable
     Development and the Commission on Human Settlements, and invites
     the Commission on Human Settlements to make a contribution to the
     special session in connection with the implementation of the
     Habitat Agenda adopted in Istanbul;   

         "9.   Recognizes the important contributions made by major
     groups, including non-governmental organizations, at the United
     Nations Conference on Environment and Development and in the
     implementation of its recommendations, and the need for their
     involvement in preparations for the special session, as well as
     the need to ensure appropriate arrangements for their
     contributions during the special session;

         "10. Invites Governments and regional organizations that have
     not yet done so to submit their national profiles as envisaged in
     General Assembly resolution 50/113;

         "11. Also invites Governments to assist developing countries,
     particularly the least developed among them, in participating
     fully in the special session and its preparatory process, and to
     make timely contributions to the Trust Fund for Support of the
     Work of the Commission on Sustainable Development;

         "12. Further invites Governments to participate in the
     proposed joint meeting of ministers of finance and ministers
     responsible for the environment during the high-level segment of
     the fifth session of the Commission on Sustainable Development;

         "13. Requests the Secretary-General to enhance the public
     information programme of the United Nations in order to raise
     global awareness in a balanced manner, in all countries, of both
     the special session and the work undertaken by the United Nations
     in the follow-up to the United Nations Conference on Environment
     and Development, and invites all Governments to promote widespread
     dissemination at all levels of the Rio Declaration on Environment
     and Development, and to make voluntary contributions to support
     the public outreach activities of the United Nations for the
     special session;

         "14. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
     fifty-second session the sub-item 'Special session for the purpose
     of an overall review and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda
     21', and requests the Secretary-General to submit to it at its
     fifty-second session a report on the special session."

3.   At the 37th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Mohammad Reza Hadji Karim Djabbary (Islamic Republic of
Iran), introduced a draft resolution (A/C.2/51/L.41), submitted on the
basis of informal consultations held on draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.9.

4.   The Secretary of the Committee made a statement regarding the
programme budget implications of draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.41 (see
A/C.2/51/SR.37).

5.   Before the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
Papua New Guinea made a statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.37).

6.   At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.41 (see para. 8).

7.   In the light of the adoption of draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.41,
draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.9 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                 III.  RECOMMENDATION OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE

8.   The Second Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


           Special session for the purpose of an overall review and
                 appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 47/190 of 22 December 1992, in which it
decided to convene, not later than 1997, a special session for the
purpose of an overall review and appraisal of the implementation of
Agenda 21, 1/

     Reaffirming its resolution 50/113 of 22 December 1995, as the
agreed basis that determines the modalities for the preparations for
the special session, including the relevant role of the Commission on
Sustainable Development, as the functional commission of the Economic
and Social Council mandated to follow up the United Nations Conference
on Environment and Development, as well as the role of other relevant
organizations and bodies of the United Nations system,

     Strongly reaffirming that the special session for the overall
review and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21 will be
undertaken on the basis of and in full respect of the Rio Declaration
on Environment and Development, 2/

     Taking note of the progress report of the Secretary-General on the
state of preparations for the 1997 special session, 3/ and taking
into account the views and concerns expressed by delegations to the
Commission on Sustainable Development at its fourth session, the
Economic and Social Council at its substantive session and the Second
Committee of the General Assembly at its fifty-first session,

     1.  Decides to convene the special session envisaged in its
resolution 47/190 for a duration of one week, from 23 to 27 June 1997,
at the highest political level of participation;

     2.  Decides also that the Commission on Sustainable Development
will devote the forthcoming meeting of its ad hoc open-ended
inter-sessional working group, to be held from 24 February to
7 March 1997, to preparing for the special session, and that the
Commission will devote its fifth session, to be held from 7 to
25 April 1997 as a negotiating meeting, to final preparations for the
special session for the overall review and appraisal of the
implementation of Agenda 21;

     3.  Recognizes the important contributions made by major groups,
including non-governmental organizations, at the United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development and in the implementation of
its recommendations, and the need for their effective participation in
preparations for the special session, as well as the need to ensure
appropriate arrangements, taking into account the practice and
experience gained at the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, for their substantive contributions to and active
involvement in the preparatory meetings and the special session, and
in that context invites the President of the General Assembly, in
consultation with Member States, to propose to Member States
appropriate modalities for the effective involvement of major groups
in the special session;

     4.  Decides to invite States members of the specialized agencies
which are not members of the United Nations to participate in the work
of the special session in the capacity of observers;

     5.  Stresses that there should be no attempt to renegotiate
Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, the
Non-Legally Binding Authoritative Statement of Principles for a Global
Consensus on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development
of All Types of Forests 4/ or other internationally recognized
intergovernmental agreements in the field of environment and
sustainable development, and that discussions at both the preparatory
meetings and the special session should focus on the fulfilment of
commitments and the further implementation of Agenda 21 and related
post-Conference outcomes;

     6.  Requests the Secretariat to provide all relevant reports
called for in General Assembly resolution 50/113, including all other
reports related to the outcome of the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development, for consideration by the ad hoc open-
ended inter-sessional working group of the Commission on Sustainable
Development and by the Commission at its fifth session, in accordance
with the six-week rule and preferably not later than 15 January 1997;

     7.  Also requests the Secretary-General to ensure that
preparations for the comprehensive report are conducted in accordance
with paragraph 13 (a), (b), (c) and (d) of Assembly resolution 50/113;

     8.  Invites the Secretary-General to include in the reports
requested in Assembly resolution 50/113 for the preparation of the
special session information on the application of the principles
contained in the Rio Declaration, and invites the Governing Council of
the United Nations Environment Programme to include in its report to
the General Assembly at its special session information and views on
ways to address, in a forward-looking manner, national, regional and
international application of these principles and the implementation
of Agenda 21 in the interrelated issues of environment and
development;

     9.  Decides to consider at its special session, inter alia, the
application of the principles of the Rio Declaration at all levels -
national, regional and international - and to make relevant
recommendations thereon;

     10. Also requests that other contributions to the special
session, in addition to those identified in its resolution 50/113,
include submissions from relevant bodies and organizations of the
United Nations, including the Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Panel on
Forests of the Commission on Sustainable Development and the Global
Environmental Facility, information on the outcomes of United Nations
conferences held since the United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development, such as the Programme of Action for the Sustainable
Development of Small Island Developing States, 5/ regional and
subregional conferences, summits and other inter-sessional meetings on
sustainable development organized by countries, and information on the
activities of relevant United Nations conventions on the environment
and development and the global freshwater assessment, and that account
be taken of the activities organized by major groups, including
business and industry and non-governmental organizations;

     11. Further requests the Secretary-General, in the report on
cross-sectoral issues of Agenda 21 for the special session, to give
special consideration, without prejudice to other priority issues that
may be identified in the preparatory process, to combating poverty and
to health, financial resources and mechanisms, education, science,
transfer of technology, consumption and production patterns, trade,
environment and sustainable development, major groups, demographic
dynamics, capacity-building and decision-making;

     12. Requests the Secretary-General, in the reports for the
special session, to give consideration, where appropriate and without
prejudice to other priority issues that may be identified in the
preparatory process, to linkages between the cross-sectoral issues of
Agenda 21 and relevant sectoral issues;

     13. Welcomes the outcome of the United Nations Conference on
Human Settlements (Habitat II), held at Istanbul from 3 to
14 June 1996, and its relevance to the field of sustainable
development, calls for effective interaction and exchange of
information on work carried out by the Commission on Sustainable
Development and the Commission on Human Settlements, and invites the
Commission on Human Settlements to make a contribution to the special
session in connection with the implementation of the Habitat Agenda
6/ adopted in Istanbul;

     14. Invites Governments and regional organizations to cooperate
with the Secretary-General in preparing country profiles for review at
the fifth session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, as
envisaged in paragraph 13 of General Assembly resolution 50/113;

     15. Invites Governments to assist developing countries,
particularly the least developed among them, in participating fully in
the special session and its preparatory process, and to make timely
contributions to the Trust Fund for Support of the Work of the
Commission on Sustainable Development;

     16. Requests the Secretary-General to enhance the public
information programme of the United Nations so as to raise global
awareness in a balanced manner, in all countries, of both the special
session and the work undertaken by the United Nations in the follow-up
to the Conference, and invites all Governments to promote widespread
dissemination at all levels of the Rio Declaration on Environment and
Development, and to make voluntary contributions to support the public
outreach activities of the United Nations for the special session;

     17. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the sub-item entitled "Special session for the purpose
of an overall review and appraisal of the implementation of
Agenda 21", and requests the Secretary-General to submit to it at that
session a report on the special session.


                                     -----


                                     Notes

1/   Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.93.I.8 and corrigendum), resolution 1, annex II.

2/   Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference, (United Nations publication (Sales No.
E.93.I.8 and corrigendum), resolution 1, annex I.

3/   A/51/420.

4/   Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.93.I.8 and corrigendum), resolution 1, annex III.

5/   Report of the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of
Small Island Developing States, Bridgetown, Barbados,
25 April-6 May 1994 (United Nations publication, Sales No. 94.I.18 and
corrigendum), chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

6/   A/CONF.165/14, chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

 

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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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