United Nations

A/51/604/Add.5


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 96 (e)


                   SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL
                   ECONOMIC COOPERATION:  HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

                  Report of the Second Committee (Part VI) *

(*  The report of the Committee on this item will be issued in several
parts, under the symbol A/51/604 and addenda.)


          Rapporteur:  Ms. Silvia Cristina CORADO-CUEVAS (Guatemala)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   The Second Committee held a substantive debate on agenda item 96
(see A/51/604, para. 2).  Action on sub-item (e) was taken at the 30th
and 37th meetings, on 7 November and 2 December 1996.  An account of
the Committee's consideration of the item is contained in the relevant
summary records (A/C.2/51/SR.30 and 37).


             II.  CONSIDERATION OF DRAFT RESOLUTIONS A/C.2/51/L.15
                  AND L.15/Rev.1

2.   At the 30th meeting, on 7 November, the representative of Costa
Rica (on behalf of the States Members that are members of the Group of
77 and China) and Colombia (on behalf of the States Members that are
members of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries) introduced a draft
resolution (A/C.2/51/L.15) entitled "Implementation of the decisions
adopted by the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
(Habitat II)", which read:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolutions 47/180 of 22 December 1992, 49/109
     of 19 December 1994 and 50/100 of 20 December 1995 on the
     convening of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
     (Habitat II),

         "Recognizing the important role of cities and urban areas in
     economic, political, social and cultural development, and
     stressing the need to address urgently and comprehensively the
     deteriorating conditions in rural and urban areas, particularly in
     developing countries,

         "Also recognizing the critical problems common to human
     settlements in the developing countries, including poverty,
     unemployment, social disintegration, inadequate shelter and lack
     of proper maintenance of urban and rural infrastructure and
     services,

         "Cognizant of the importance of maintaining the momentum
     already generated at the national, regional and international
     levels for the implementation of measures designed to alleviate
     the deteriorating living conditions of increasing populations in
     both urban and rural settlements worldwide,

         "Having considered the report of the United Nations
     Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) and the report of the
     Secretary-General on the implementation of and follow-up to the
     Conference, including the role played by the United Nations Centre
     for Human Settlements,

         "1.   Takes note with appreciation of the report of the United
     Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II);

         "2.   Endorses the Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements
     and the Habitat Agenda adopted by the Conference on 14 June 1996;

         "3.   Expresses its profound gratitude to the Government and
     people of Turkey for their generous support and for the excellent
     facilities, staff and services placed at the disposal of the
     Conference and hospitality extended to the participants;

         "4.   Acknowledges with appreciation the contribution to the
     successful organization and effective servicing of the Conference
     made by the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the
     Secretary-General of the Conference and their dedicated staff;

         "5.   Also acknowledges with appreciation that the United
     Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) provided a
     major opportunity to synthesize the actions and commitments of
     previous United Nations conferences and summits;

         "6.   Takes note of the active involvement in the Conference of
     all States and other relevant actors, and recognizes with
     satisfaction the innovative mechanisms introduced by the
     Conference to forge partnerships among various actors;

         "7.   Calls upon all Governments, organizations of the United
     Nations system and other actors concerned with human settlements
     and urban management issues, such as local authorities, relevant
     intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,
     parliamentarians, the private sector, trade unions, academicians
     and other community groups, to implement, fully and effectively,
     the Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements and the Habitat
     Agenda, and to give both instruments the widest possible
     dissemination;

         "8.   Invites all Governments to further encourage and support
     all relevant actors of civil society, including the private
     sector, in the implementation and follow-up of the Habitat Agenda
     by establishing effective partnerships and by creating an
     appropriate framework, in accordance with their respective
     national conditions, to further facilitate and expedite such
     actors in addressing human settlements issues, particularly
     servicing, finance mobilization, the provision of adequate shelter
     and related areas;

         "9.   Reaffirms that in formulating human settlements policies
     and strategies, all countries should simultaneously address the
     needs of both rural and urban areas;

         "10. Calls upon all Governments to establish or strengthen, as
     appropriate, participatory mechanisms for the implementation,
     assessment, review and follow-up of the Habitat Agenda and
     national plans of action;

         "11. Emphasizes the need for all countries and for the
     international community to promote an integrated and
     multidimensional approach for the implementation and follow-up of
     the Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements and the Habitat
     Agenda at all levels;

         "12. Invites all States to enhance their bilateral,
     subregional and regional cooperation and to take all other
     appropriate initiatives to contribute to the review and assessment
     of the progress made in the implementation of the Declaration and
     the Habitat Agenda;

         "13. Reaffirms that the General Assembly, as the highest organ
     for policy formulation, the Economic and Social Council, in
     exercise of its overall coordination mandate in the economic and
     social fields in accordance with General Assembly resolutions
     48/162 of 20 December 1993 and 50/227 of 24 May 1996, and the
     Commission on Human Settlements shall together constitute a three-
     tiered intergovernmental mechanism to oversee the coordination of
     activities for the implementation of the Habitat Agenda;

         "14. Decides that, at its special session to be convened from
     23 to 27 June 1997 for the purpose of an overall review and
     appraisal of Agenda 21, the Assembly shall give due attention to
     the issue of human settlements in the context of sustainable
     development;

         "15. Also decides to review, at its fifty-second session, the
     effectiveness of the steps taken to implement the outcome of the
     United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II);

         "16. Further decides to convene a special session of the
     General Assembly in the year 2001 for an overall review and
     appraisal of the implementation of the outcome of the United
     Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), including
     the identification of obstacles, with a view to considering
     further actions and initiatives, and to that end requests the
     Secretary-General to submit to it, at its fifty-fourth session, in
     1999, a report containing recommendations for consideration of the
     format, scope and organizational aspects of such a special
     session;

         "17. Reaffirms that the Economic and Social Council, in
     accordance with its role under the Charter of the United Nations
     and its relevant resolutions and decisions, shall oversee system-
     wide coordination in the implementation of the Habitat Agenda and
     make recommendations in that regard;

         "18. Invites the Economic and Social Council to review the
     follow-up of the Habitat Agenda at its substantive session of 1997
     and to consider convening meetings of high-level representatives
     to promote international dialogue on the critical issues
     pertaining to adequate shelter for all and sustainable human
     settlements development, as well as on policies for addressing
     them through international cooperation;

         "19. Also invites the Economic and Social Council to consider
     dedicating one of its high-level segments before 2001 to human
     settlements and the implementation of the Habitat Agenda, with the
     active involvement and participation of, inter alia, the
     specialized agencies, including the World Bank and the
     International Monetary Fund;

         "20. Requests the Economic and Social Council to review the
     mandate of the Commission on Human Settlements, in accordance with
     Assembly resolution 50/227, with a view to strengthening it,
     taking into account the Commission's responsibilities for the
     implementation of the Habitat Agenda, as well as the synergy with
     other related United Nations bodies, and the modalities for an
     effective system-wide approach to the implementation of the
     decisions and recommendations of the United Nations Conference on
     Human Settlements (Habitat II);

         "21. Also requests the Commission on Human Settlements at its
     forthcoming session, in 1997, to review both its work programme
     and that of the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements in
     order to ensure an effective follow-up and implementation of the
     outcome of the Conference, and to make recommendations thereon to
     the Economic and Social Council;

         "22. Further requests the Commission on Human Settlements to
     review its working methods at the same session in order to involve
     the representatives of local authorities and the relevant actors
     of civil society, particularly the private sector and
     non-governmental organizations, in its work in the field of
     adequate shelter for all and sustainable human settlements
     development, taking into account the relevant provisions of
     Council resolution 1996/31;

         "23. Decides that the Commission on Human Settlements, as a
     standing committee of the Economic and Social Council, will
     monitor, review and assess the implementation of the Habitat
     Agenda at the national, regional and international levels;

         "24. Also decides that, starting from 1997, the Commission on
     Human Settlements shall meet annually to ensure a sustained
     follow-up and accelerated implementation of the decisions and
     recommendations of the United Nations Conference on Human
     Settlements (Habitat II) at the national, regional and
     international levels;

         "25. Further decides that the Commission shall assist the
     Economic and Social Council in its coordination of reporting on
     the implementation of the Habitat Agenda by the relevant
     organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, and shall
     draw upon inputs from other organizations and bodies of the United
     Nations system and other sources, as appropriate;

         "26. Decides that the Commission on Human Settlements, in
     developing its work programme, shall examine the Habitat Agenda
     and consider how to integrate in its programme of work the
     follow-up to the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
     (Habitat II), and shall also consider how it could further develop
     its catalytic role in promoting adequate shelter for all and
     sustainable human settlements development;

         "27. Reaffirms that the United Nations Centre for Human
     Settlements shall be the lead agency and focal point within the
     United Nations system for the implementation of the Habitat
     Agenda;

         "28. Requests the Secretary-General of the United Nations,
     before the fifty-third session of the General Assembly, to
     undertake an assessment of the Centre's functions with a view to
     its revitalization, and to provide it with adequate human and
     financial resources within the regular budget of the United
     Nations so as to enable it to discharge its functions and
     responsibilities fully and effectively, as elaborated in the
     Habitat Agenda;

         "29. Also requests the Secretary-General to include the
     implementation of the Habitat Agenda in the mandates of the
     Administrative Committee on Coordination with a view to
     facilitating an integrated and coordinated implementation of the
     cross-cutting themes of the global conferences;

         "30. Further requests the Secretary-General to consult with
     Governments, the various organizations and bodies of the United
     Nations system, international financial institutions and the
     various bilateral aid organizations and agencies with a view to
     promoting an exchange of information among them on the resource
     requirements for international assistance in the field of adequate
     shelter for all and human settlements development;

         "31. Acknowledges the importance of the regional and
     subregional activities undertaken during the preparations for the
     United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II),
     including the regional strategies, plans and declarations adopted
     as part of the preparatory process, and invites the regional
     commissions, other regional and subregional organizations and the
     regional development banks to examine the results of the
     Conference within their respective mandates with a view to
     identifying the actions to be taken, at the regional and
     subregional levels, for the implementation of the Habitat Agenda;

         "32. Invites the regional commissions, in cooperation with the
     United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, the regional
     intergovernmental organizations, and the regional and subregional
     development banks, to consider convening, on a biennial basis, a
     meeting at a high political level to review progress achieved
     towards the implementation of the Habitat Agenda at the regional
     level;

         "33. Requests all the relevant United Nations organizations
     and specialized agencies to identify the specific actions that
     they will undertake, within their mandates, towards the
     implementation of the Habitat Agenda, and invites them to report
     to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the
     Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1997, on
     their specific plans and activities;

         "34. Invites the Bretton Woods institutions to be actively
     involved in the implementation and the follow-up to the United
     Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), and to
     enhance their cooperation with the United Nations system for that
     purpose;

         "35. Stresses that the effective implementation of the Habitat
     Agenda will require an increased commitment of financial
     resources, both domestically and externally, and in that context
     calls upon the developed countries to complement the national
     financial efforts of developing countries on human settlements
     development and urban management, and intensify their efforts to
     transfer new and additional resources to the developing countries
     within the framework of paragraphs 203 and 204 of the Habitat
     Agenda in order to ensure the effective implementation of the
     Habitat Agenda;

         "36. Emphasizes the importance of ensuring the early
     identification and allocation of financial resources by all
     members of the international community, including United Nations
     funds and programmes, the Bretton Woods institutions and regional
     financial institutions, so as to enable them to fulfil their
     commitments with regard to the implementation of the Habitat
     Agenda;

         "37. Appeals to all Governments, especially the Governments of
     developed countries and others in a position to do so, as well as
     international and regional financial institutions, to contribute
     generously to the United Nations Habitat and Human Settlements
     Foundation in order to support the implementation of the Habitat
     Agenda;

         "38. Calls upon the organizations, programmes and funds of the
     United Nations system and the regional commissions to provide
     their full and active support to the effective implementation of
     the Habitat Agenda, particularly at the field level, and invites
     the relevant specialized agencies to do the same;

         "39. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and
     Social Council, on the implementation of the present resolution;

         "40. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of
     subsequent sessions of the General Assembly a standing item
     entitled 'Implementation of the decisions and recommendations of
     the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II)'."

3.   At the 37th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Mohammad Reza Hadji Karim Djabbary (Islamic Republic of
Iran), informed the Committee of the results of the informal
consultations held on the draft resolution and drew its attention to a
revised draft resolution contained in document A/C.2/51/L.15/Rev.1,
entitled "Implementation of the outcome of the Second United Nations
Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II).  Turkey subsequently
joined in sponsoring the revised draft resolution.

4.   The Committee was informed that there were no programme budget
implications for the revised draft resolution.

5.   The representative of the United States of America proposed an
amendment to the revised draft resolution, by which, in operative
paragraph 19, the words "from within existing resources" would be
deleted after the words "a comprehensive and in-depth assessment".

6.   Before the adoption of the revised draft resolution, the
representative of South Africa made a statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.37).

7.   At the same meeting, the Committee adopted revised draft
resolution A/C.2/51/L.15/Rev.1, as orally amended (see para. 9).

8.   After the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
Norway made a statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.37).


                 III.  RECOMMENDATION OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE

9.   The Second Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


          Implementation of the outcome of the Second United Nations
                 Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II)

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 47/180 of 22 December 1992, 49/109 of
19 December 1994 and 50/100 of 20 December 1995 on the convening of
the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II),

     Recognizing the important role of cities and urban areas in
economic, political, social and cultural development, and stressing
the need to address urgently and comprehensively the deteriorating
conditions of shelter and human settlements in rural and urban areas,

     Also recognizing the critical problems common to human settlements
in the developing countries, including poverty, unemployment, social
disintegration, inadequate shelter and lack of proper maintenance of
urban and rural infrastructure and services,

     Cognizant of the importance of maintaining the momentum already
generated at the national, regional and international levels for the
implementation of measures designed to alleviate the deteriorating
living conditions of increasing populations in both urban and rural
settlements,

     Recognizing the interdependence of rural and urban development,

     Having considered the report of the United Nations Conference on
Human Settlements (Habitat II) 1/ and the report of the Secretary-
General on the implementation of and follow-up to the Conference,
including the role played by the United Nations Centre for Human
Settlements, 2/

     Expressing its profound gratitude to the Government and people of
Turkey for their support and for the facilities, staff and services
placed at the disposal of the Conference and the hospitality extended
to the participants,

     Also expressing its appreciation to the Secretary-General of the
United Nations, the Secretary-General of the Conference and the staff
of the Secretariat for the effective preparations and services
provided for the Conference,

     1.  Takes note with appreciation of the report of the United
Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II);1

     2.  Endorses the Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements 3/
and the Habitat Agenda 4/ adopted by the Conference on 14 June 1996;

     3.  Acknowledges with appreciation that the Conference provided a
major opportunity to build upon the actions and commitments of
previous United Nations conferences and summits;

     4.  Recognizes with satisfaction the active involvement in the
Conference of all States and other relevant actors, and the innovative
arrangements introduced at the Conference to forge partnerships among
various actors;

     5.  Reaffirms the commitment to the full and progressive
realization of the right to adequate housing, as provided for in
international instruments, and in that context recognizes an
obligation by Governments to enable people to obtain shelter and to
protect and improve dwellings and neighbourhoods;

     6.  Recognizes that Governments have the primary responsibility
for the implementation of the Habitat Agenda, and further recognizes
that the international community should support Governments in their
efforts, by promoting international cooperation for, inter alia, the
establishment of an open, equitable, cooperative and mutually
beneficial international economic environment;

     7.  Calls upon all Governments, organizations of the United
Nations system and other actors concerned with human settlements and
urban management issues, such as local authorities, relevant
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,
parliamentarians, the private sector, trade unions, academicians and
other community groups, to implement, fully and effectively, the
Habitat Agenda, and to give both the Habitat Agenda and the Istanbul
Declaration the widest possible dissemination, and in that context, to
draw attention to the best practices initiative;

     8.  Invites all Governments to further encourage and support all
relevant actors of civil society, including the private sector, in the
implementation and follow-up of the Habitat Agenda by establishing
effective partnerships and by creating an appropriate framework, in
accordance with their respective national conditions, to further
facilitate and expedite such actors in addressing human settlements
issues, particularly servicing, finance mobilization, the provision of
adequate shelter and related areas, and in that process to emphasize
the need to integrate the gender perspective;

     9.  Reaffirms that in formulating human settlements policies and
strategies, all countries should recognize the interdependence of
rural and urban areas and address the needs of both in a balanced
manner;

     10. Calls upon all Governments to establish or strengthen, as
appropriate, participatory mechanisms for the implementation,
assessment, review and follow-up of the Habitat Agenda and national
plans of action;

     11. Emphasizes the need for all countries and for the
international community to promote at all levels an integrated and
multidimensional approach to the implementation and follow-up of the
Habitat Agenda;

     12. Reaffirms that all States should exert concerted efforts to
achieve the implementation of the Habitat Agenda through bilateral,
subregional, regional and international cooperation, as well as
through the United Nations system, including the Bretton Woods
institutions, and that States may also convene bilateral, subregional
and regional meetings and take other appropriate initiatives to
contribute to the review and assessment of the progress made in the
implementation of the Habitat Agenda;

     13. Also reaffirms that the General Assembly and the Economic and
Social Council, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the
Charter of the United Nations and relevant resolutions, including
Assembly resolutions 48/162 of 20 December 1993 and 50/227 of 24 May
1996, and together with the Commission on Human Settlements, shall
constitute a three-tiered intergovernmental mechanism to oversee the
coordination of activities for the implementation of the Habitat
Agenda;

     14. Recommends that, at its special session to be convened from
23 to 27 June 1997 for the purpose of an overall review and appraisal
of Agenda 21, the Assembly give due attention to the issue of human
settlements in the context of sustainable development;

     15. Reaffirms that the General Assembly should consider holding a
special session in the year 2001 for an overall review and appraisal
of the implementation of the outcome of the United Nations Conference
on Human Settlements (Habitat II), including the identification of
obstacles, considering further actions and initiatives, and that a
decision on this matter should be taken at its fifty-second session;

     16. Reaffirms that the Economic and Social Council may convene
meetings of high-level representatives to promote international
dialogue on the critical issues pertaining to adequate shelter for all
and sustainable human settlements development, as well as on policies
for addressing them through international cooperation, and in this
context, the Council may consider dedicating one high-level segment
before the year 2001 to human settlements and the implementation of
the Habitat Agenda, with the active involvement and participation of,
inter alia, the specialized agencies, including the World Bank and the
International Monetary Fund;

     17. Emphasizes that the General Assembly and the Economic and
Social Council, in accordance with their respective mandates, should
review and strengthen the mandate of the Commission on Human
Settlements, taking into account the Habitat Agenda, as well as the
need for synergy with related commissions and conference follow-ups
and for a system-wide approach to its implementation;

     18. Requests the Commission on Human Settlements at its
forthcoming session, in 1997, to review its programme of work in order
to ensure an effective follow-up and implementation of the outcome of
the Conference, in a manner consistent with the functions and
contributions of other relevant organs of the United Nations system,
and make recommendations thereon to the Economic and Social Council
within the framework of the review of the activities of its subsidiary
bodies;

     19. Invites the Secretary-General to undertake in the light of
the review of the mandate of the Commission on Human Settlements, a
comprehensive and in-depth assessment of the United Nations Centre for
Human Settlements with a view to its revitalization, to present terms
of reference and a preliminary report on this assessment for the
consideration of the Commission at its sixteenth session, and to make
a final report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session;

     20. Requests the Secretary-General, in accordance with paragraph
229 of the Habitat Agenda and in consultation with the Commission on
Human Settlements, to ensure more effective functioning of the Centre
by, inter alia, providing sufficient human and financial resources
within the regular budget of the United Nations;

     21. Requests the Commission on Human Settlements to review at its
sixteenth session, its working methods in order to involve in its work
the representatives of local authorities or international associations
of local authorities, as appropriate, and the relevant actors of civil
society, particularly the private sector and non-governmental
organizations, in the field of adequate shelter for all and
sustainable human settlements development, taking into account the
rules of procedure of the Commission on Human Settlements and the
relevant provisions of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/31
of 25 July 1996;

     22. Decides that the Commission on Human Settlements, as a
standing committee of the Economic and Social Council, should have a
central role in monitoring, within the United Nations system, the
implementation of the Habitat Agenda and advising the Council thereon;

     23. Recommends that the Economic and Social Council, in the
context of the overall review process of its subsidiary bodies, and
within the context of the follow-up to General Assembly resolution
50/227, should review the periodicity of the meetings of the
Commission on Human Settlements, taking into account the need for full
and effective implementation of the Habitat Agenda;

     24. Reaffirms that the Commission on Human Settlements, in
developing its work programme, should examine the Habitat Agenda and
consider how to integrate in its programme of work the follow-up to
the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), and
should consider how it could further develop its catalytic role in
promoting adequate shelter for all and sustainable human settlements
development;

     25. Reaffirms also that the United Nations Centre for Human
Settlements shall be designated as a focal point for the
implementation of the Habitat Agenda;

     26. Requests the Secretary-General to include the implementation
of the Habitat Agenda in the mandates of the existing inter-agency
task forces of the Administrative Committee on Coordination to
facilitating an integrated and coordinated implementation of the
Habitat Agenda;

     27. Acknowledges the importance of the regional and subregional
activities undertaken during the preparations for the Conference,
including the regional strategies, plans and declarations adopted as
part of the preparatory process, and invites the regional commissions,
other regional and subregional organizations and the regional
development banks, to examine the results of the Conference within
their respective mandates with a view to identifying the actions to be
taken at the regional and subregional levels for the implementation of
the Habitat Agenda;

     28. Emphasizes that the General Assembly and the Economic and
Social Council should, where appropriate, promote subregional and
regional cooperation in the implementation of the Habitat Agenda, that
the regional commissions, within their mandates and in cooperation
with regional intergovernmental organizations and banks, could
consider convening high-level meetings to review progress made in
implementing the outcome of Habitat II, exchange views on their
respective experiences, particularly on best practices, and adopt
appropriate measures, that such meetings could involve, as
appropriate, the participation of the principal financial and
technical institutions, and that the regional commissions should
report to the Council on the outcome of such meetings;

     29. Requests all the relevant United Nations organizations and
specialized agencies to identify the specific actions that they will
undertake, within their mandates, towards the implementation of the
Habitat Agenda, and in that context invites them to inform the
Administrative Committee on Coordination of their actions and to
report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session, through
the Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1997, on
their specific plans and activities;

     30. Invites the Bretton Woods institutions to be actively
involved in the implementation and the follow-up to the Conference,
and to enhance their cooperation with the United Nations system for
that purpose;

     31. Reaffirms that the demand for shelter and infrastructural
services in human settlements is continuously increasing and that
communities and countries, especially developing countries, have
difficulty in mobilizing adequate financial resources to meet the
rapidly rising costs of shelter, services and physical infrastructure,
and reaffirms further that new and additional financial resources from
various sources are necessary to achieve the goals of adequate shelter
for all and sustainable human settlements development in an urbanizing
world, and that existing resources available to developing countries -
public, private, multilateral, bilateral, domestic and external - need
to be enhanced through appropriate and flexible mechanisms and
economic instruments to support adequate shelter and sustainable human
settlements development;

     32. Stresses that the full and effective implementation of the
Habitat Agenda, in particular in all developing countries, especially
those in Africa and the least developed countries, will require the
mobilization of additional financial resources from various sources at
the national and international levels and more effective development
cooperation in order to promote assistance for shelter and human
settlements activities;

     33. Invites all Governments and the international community to
consider the role of the United Nations Habitat and Human Settlements
Foundation in the follow-up of the Habitat Agenda and to consider the
scope for providing further support for the Foundation in its
activities, taking into account the need to continue to improve its
effectiveness;

     34. Requests the programmes and funds of the United Nations
system and the regional commissions, consistent with their respective
mandates, to fully support the effective implementation of the Habitat
Agenda, particularly at the field level, as appropriate;

     35. Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and Social
Council, on the implementation of the present resolution;

     36. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session a sub-item entitled "Implementation of the outcome of
the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II)".


                                     -----


                                     Notes

1/       A/CONF.165/14.

2/       A/51/384.

3/       A/CONF.165/14, chap. I, resolution 1, annex I.

4/       Ibid., annex II.

 

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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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