United Nations

A/51/604/Add.4


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 96 (d)


              SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC
                   COOPERATION:  POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

                  Report of the Second Committee (Part V)*

(*  The report of the Committee on this item will be issued in several
parts, under the symbol A/51/604 and addenda.)


          Rapporteur:  Ms. Silvia Cristina CORADO-CUEVAS (Guatemala)


                               I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   The Second Committee held a substantive debate on agenda item 96
(see A/51/604, para. 2).  Action on sub-item (d) was taken at the 34th
and 37th meetings, on 12 November and 2 December 1996.  An account of
the Committee's consideration of the item is contained in the relevant
summary records (A/C.2/51/SR.34 and 37).


        II.  CONSIDERATION OF DRAFT RESOLUTIONS A/C.2/51/L.19 AND L.43

2.   At the 34th meeting, on 12 November, the representative of Costa
Rica (on behalf of the States Members that are members of the Group of
77 and China) and Colombia (on behalf of the States Members that are
members of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries) introduced a draft
resolution (A/C.2/51/L.19) entitled "Implementation of the Programme
of Action of the International Conference on Population and
Development", which read:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolutions 49/128 of 19 December 1994 and
     50/124 of 20 December 1995,

         "Recalling also Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/2
     of 17 July 1996 on follow-up to the International Conference on
     Population and Development,

         "Acknowledging fully the integrated approach taken during the
     International Conference on Population and Development, which
     recognizes the interrelationship between population, sustained
     economic growth and sustainable development,

         "Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on the
     implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/124,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
     implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/124;

         "2.   Notes the actions taken so far by Governments and the
     international community to implement the Programme of Action of
     the International Conference on Population and Development,
     encourages them to strengthen their efforts in that regard and
     requests them to fully implement all chapters of the Programme of
     Action;

         "3.   Reiterates that Governments should continue to commit
     themselves at the highest political level to achieving the
     relevant goals and objectives and to take a lead role in
     coordinating the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the
     follow-up actions at the national level;

         "4.   Urges all countries to consider, among other things,
     their current spending, with a view to making additional
     contributions in line with national priorities for the
     implementation of the Programme of Action, taking into account the
     provisions of chapters XIII and XIV thereof and the economic
     constraints faced by developing countries, in particular the least
     developed among them;

         "5.   Emphasizes that international cooperation in the field of
     population and development is essential for the full
     implementation of the recommendations adopted at the Conference;
     and in this context, calls upon the international community to
     continue to provide, both bilaterally and multilaterally, adequate
     and substantial support and assistance for population and
     development activities in all developing countries and regions,
     including through the United Nations Population Fund and other
     organs and organizations of the United Nations system, including
     the specialized agencies, that will be involved in the
     implementation, at all levels, of the Programme of Action;

         "6.   Reiterates the importance of South-South cooperation for
     the successful implementation of the Programme of Action, and
     invites all Governments, relevant United Nations organizations,
     including specialized agencies, the business community, the
     private sector and non-governmental organizations, to continue to
     support those activities in South-South cooperation being
     undertaken by the developing countries;

         "7.   Emphasizes the importance of the identification and
     allocation of financial resources by all members of the
     international community, including regional financial
     institutions, to enable them to fulfil their commitments with
     regard to the implementation of the Programme of Action;

         "8.   Reiterates that the Commission on Population and
     Development, as a functional commission of the Economic and Social
     Council, has the primary responsibility for the follow-up to the
     International Conference on Population and Development and review
     of the implementation of the Programme of Action;

         "9.   Decides that the Task Force on Basic Social Services for
     All of the Administrative Committee on Coordination shall inform
     the Commission and the Economic and Social Council of the progress
     of its work, for the purpose of system-wide coordination;

         "10. Requests the Task Force to coordinate the development of
     appropriate indicators, taking into account relevant research, so
     that progress in addressing reproductive health needs by
     individual countries can be assessed on a reliable basis;

         "11. Decides that its special session, to be convened from 23
     to 27 June 1997 for the purpose of an overall review and appraisal
     of the implementation of Agenda 21, should give due attention to
     the issue of population in the context of sustainable development;

         "12. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
     present resolution;

         "13. Decides to include in the agenda of its fifty-second
     session, within existing clusters, the item entitled
     'Implementation of the Programme of Action of the International
     Conference on Population and Development'."

3.   At the 37th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Mohammad Reza Hadji Karim Djabbary (Islamic Republic of
Iran), introduced a draft resolution (A/C.2/51/L.43), submitted on the
basis of informal consultations held on draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.19.

4.   At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.43 (see para. 7).

5.   After the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
the United States of America made a statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.37).

6.   In the light of the adoption of draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.43,
draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.19 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                 III.  RECOMMENDATION OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE

7.   The Second Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolution:


        Implementation of the Programme of Action of the International
                   Conference on Population and Development

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 49/128 of 19 December 1994 and 50/124 of
20 December 1995,

     Recalling also Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/2 of
17 July 1996 on the follow-up to the International Conference on
Population and Development,

     Acknowledging fully the integrated approach taken during the
International Conference on Population and Development, which
recognizes the interrelationship between population, sustained
economic growth and sustainable development,

     Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/124, 1/

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/124;

     2.  Notes the action taken so far by Governments and the
international community to implement the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development, 2/ and
encourages them to strengthen their efforts in that regard;

     3.  Reiterates that Governments should continue to commit
themselves at the highest political level to achieving goals and
objectives and to take a lead role in coordinating the implementation,
monitoring and evaluation of the follow-up actions at the national
level;

     4.  Urges all countries to consider, among other things, their
current spending priorities, with a view to making additional
contributions in line with national priorities for the implementation
of the Programme of Action, taking into account the provisions of
chapters XIII and XIV thereof and the economic constraints faced by
developing countries, in particular the least developed among them;

     5.  Emphasizes that international cooperation in the field of
population and development is essential for the implementation of the
recommendations adopted at the Conference and, in this context, calls
upon the international community to continue to provide, both
bilaterally and multilaterally, adequate and substantial support and
assistance for population and development activities, including
through the United Nations Population Fund, other organs and
organizations of the United Nations system and the specialized
agencies that will be involved in the implementation, at all levels,
of the Programme of Action;

     6.  Reiterates the importance of South-South cooperation for the
successful implementation of the Programme of Action, and invites all
Governments, relevant organizations of the United Nations system, as
well as the private sector and non-governmental organizations, to
continue to support those activities in South-South cooperation being
undertaken by the developing countries;

     7.  Recognizes the efforts of Partners in Population and
Development in strengthening the capacities of developing countries in
South-South cooperation;

     8.  Emphasizes the importance of the identification and
allocation of financial resources by all members of the international
community, including regional financial institutions, to enable them
to fulfil their commitments with regard to the implementation of the
Programme of Action;

     9.  Requests the Economic and Social Council to continue to give
guidance on matters concerning harmonization, cooperation and
coordination within the United Nations system regarding the
implementation of the Programme of Action;

     10. Reiterates that the Commission on Population and Development,
as a functional commission assisting the Economic and Social Council,
has the primary responsibility for monitoring, reviewing and assessing
the implementation of the Programme of Action, and emphasizes the need
for the Commission to continue its work in broadening its focus so as
to fully reflect the Programme of Action;

     11. Invites the Secretary-General to ensure that the Task Force
on Basic Social Services for All of the Administrative Committee on
Coordination informs the Commission and the Economic and Social
Council on the progress of its work, with an emphasis on the
improvement of the impact of programme delivery for the purpose of
system-wide coordination, and stresses the need for close cooperation
and timely reporting by all the working groups of the Task Force;

     12. Emphasizes the importance of the ongoing efforts of the Task
Force to develop, on an urgent basis, appropriate indicators as
reliable means for monitoring the progress of the implementation of
the Programme of Action, with special attention to the reproductive
health needs of individual countries, taking into account relevant
research and development work as well as existing data collection
systems in developing countries, and to make this information
available as it is developed to the Commission on Population and
Development, the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly
at its fifty-second session;

     13. Endorses the continuation of coordination and collaboration
between the Task Force and the appropriate United Nations entities
responsible for the development of statistics;

     14. Reaffirms that the follow-up to the Conference, at all
levels, should take fully into account that population, health,
education, poverty, patterns of production and consumption,
empowerment of women and the environment are closely interconnected
and should be considered through an integrated approach;

     15. Recommends that the special session for the overall review
and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21, which will be
convened from 23 to 27 June 1997, should give due attention to the
issue of population in the context of sustainable development;

     16. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution;

     17. Decides to include in the agenda of its fifty-second session,
the sub-item entitled "Population and development".


                                     -----


                                     Notes

1/   A/51/350.

2/   Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

 

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