United Nations

A/51/603


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

6 December 1996

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


                                                         A/51/603

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 95


                           SECTORAL POLICY QUESTIONS

                          Report of the Second Committee

            Rapporteur:  Ms. Silvia Cristina CORADO-CUEVAS (Guatemala)


                                 I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   At its 3rd plenary meeting, on 20 September 1996, the General
Assembly, on the recommendation of the General Committee, decided to
include in the agenda of its fifty-first session the item entitled:

     "Sectoral policy questions:

     "(a)  Industrial development cooperation;

     "(b)  Food and sustainable agricultural development"

and to allocate it to the Second Committee.

2.   The Second Committee considered the item at its 16th, 17th, 27th,
36th and 37th meetings, on 25 and 28 October, 6 and 25 November and 2
December 1996.  An account of the Committee's general discussion of
the item is contained in the relevant summary records (A/C.2/51/SR.16,
17, 27, 36 and 37).  Attention is also drawn to the general debate
held by the Committee at its 3rd to 6th and 8th meetings, from 14 to
17 and on 18 October (see A/C.2/51/SR.3-6 and 8).

3.   For its consideration of the item, the Committee had before it the
following documents: 

     (a)  Letter dated 30 September 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of Colombia to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General, transmitting the Declaration of the Movement of
Non-Aligned Countries, adopted in New York on 24 September 1996 on the
occasion of the celebration of the thirty-fifth anniversary of the
founding of the Movement (A/51/462-S/1996/831);

     (b) Letter dated 4 October 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Costa Rica to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General, transmitting the declaration adopted by the
Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77 and China at their
twentieth annual meeting, held in New York on 27 September 1996
(A/51/471);

     (c) Letter dated 5 November 1996 from the representatives of
Azerbaijan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General transmitting
the Tashkent Declaration, signed on 21 October 1996 at the end of the
fourth summit meeting of the Heads of State of the Turkish-speaking
countries (A/51/664-S/1996/930);
  
     Item 95 (a).  Industrial development cooperation

     (a)  Report of the Secretary-General on sectoral policy questions
(A/51/340);

     (b)  Note verbale dated 11 July 1996 from the Permanent Mission of
Bulgaria to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General,
transmitting the Sofia Declaration on Good-neighbourly Relations,
Stability, Security and Cooperation in the Balkans, adopted at the
meeting of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the countries of
South-Eastern Europe, held at Sofia on 6 and 7 July 1996 
(A/51/211-S/1996/551);

     Item 95 (b).  Food and sustainable agricultural development

     Report of the Secretary-General on the use of freshwater resources
for food and agricultural production, as well as the implications of
the results of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations
for food production, including agro-industrial products and on global
food security in developing countries (A/51/431).  

4.   At the 16th meeting, on 25 October, introductory statements were
made by the Director-General of the United Nations Industrial
Development Organization on sub-item (a) and by the representative of
the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development on sub-item (b)
(see A/C.2/51/SR.16).


                       II.  CONSIDERATION OF DRAFT PROPOSALS

                   A.  Draft resolutions A/C.2/51/L.12 and L.46

5.   At the 27th meeting, on 6 November, the representative of Costa
Rica, on behalf of the Member States that are members of the Group of
77 and China, and also on behalf of Colombia, on behalf of the Member
States that are members of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries,
introduced a draft resolution entitled "Industrial development
cooperation" (A/C.2/51/L.12), which read as follows:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling the Declaration on International Economic
     Cooperation, in particular the Revitalization of Economic Growth
     and Development of the Developing Countries, 1/ the International
     Development Strategy for the Fourth United Nations Development
     Decade, 2/ and the United Nations New Agenda for the Development
     of Africa in the 1990s, 3/

         "Recalling also its resolution 49/108 of 19 December 1994 on
     industrial development cooperation,

         "Taking note of the Declaration of the Ministers for Foreign
     Affairs of the Group of 77 and China of 27 September 1996, as well
     as the communique' of the Foreign Ministers and Heads of
     Delegation of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries of 25
     September 1996,

         "Noting the far-reaching implications of the process of
     globalization, trade liberalization and rapid technological change
     for the economic prospects of the developing countries,

         "Reaffirming the renewed urgency for promoting
     industrialization as an essential element in the sustained
     economic growth and sustainable development of developing
     countries, as well as in the eradication of poverty and the
     creation of productive employment,

         "Stressing the need for enhanced international, regional and
     subregional cooperation in the field of industrial development and
     the important role played by the United Nations system, in
     particular the United Nations Industrial Development Organization,
     in this regard,

         "Recognizing the increasing role of the business community,
     including the private sector, in enhancing the dynamic process of
     the development of the industrial sector,

         "Welcoming the major programme of reform and restructuring
     undertaken by the United Nations Industrial Development
     Organization to strengthen its role as the central coordinating
     agency in the United Nations system in the field of industrial
     development, with a view to enhancing its relevance, impact,
     cost-effectiveness and efficiency,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 4/

         "2.   Emphasizes the importance of a favourable international
     and national environment for the industrialization of developing
     countries and urges all Governments to adopt and implement
     development policies and strategies that, inter alia, promote
     enterprise development, productive investments, technological
     adaptation and innovation, and expanded access to developing
     country markets in the context of an open, equitable,
     non-discriminatory, transparent and multilateral rule-based
     international trading system;

         "3.   Reiterates the importance of technology transfer to the
     developing countries as the most effective means of international
     cooperation in the field of industrial development;

         "4.   Urges the developed countries to reverse the present
     trend of declining official development assistance to enable
     developing countries to augment and supplement domestic resources
     for the expansion, diversification and modernization of their
     industrial productive capacity;

         "5.   Recommends the increasing use of official development
     assistance as well as new and innovative funding modalities,
     including, inter alia, co-financing schemes and trust funds,
     debt-equity swaps and other debt relief measures, industrial joint
     venture schemes, enterprise-to-enterprise cooperation and venture
     capital funds for industrial development, particularly in the
     developing countries;

         "6.   Calls upon the international community and the relevant
     organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, in
     particular the United Nations Industrial Development Organization,
     to support the efforts of the developing countries to intensify
     and expand industrial cooperation among themselves with respect
     to, among other things, trade in manufactured products, industrial
     investments and business partnerships, as well as industrial
     technology and scientific exchanges;

         "7.   Requests the United Nations Industrial Development
     Organization, in cooperation with the relevant organizations in
     the United Nations system, to undertake, in the context of
     supporting South-South cooperation, an in-depth assessment and
     analysis of best practices and lessons learned in the field of
     industrial development, so as to provide practical insights and
     ideas - such cooperation should better enable developing countries
     to benefit from each other's successful experiences in the
     formulation of their industrial policies and strategies - and also
     requests the United Nations Industrial Development Organization to
     submit a report thereon to the General Assembly at its fifty-third
     session;

         "8.   Further requests the United Nations Industrial
     Development Organization to expand and enhance its interaction
     with the business community, including the private sector, in
     assisting the development of the industrial sector in the
     developing countries, particularly in the field of small and
     medium-sized enterprise development;

         "9.   Invites Member States and relevant organizations of the
     United Nations system to extend support to the successful
     implementation of the Alliance for Africa's Industrialization,
     launched on 23 October 1996 at Abidjan by Governments of African
     countries and the private sector, which aims at accelerating the
     pace of Africa's industrialization through industrial capacity-
     building and partnerships between Governments of African countries
     and the private sector at the national, subregional, regional and
     international levels;

         "10. Reiterates the importance of cooperation and coordination
     within the United Nations system in providing effective support to
     the industrial development of the developing countries, and calls
     upon the United Nations Industrial Development Organization to
     continue carrying out its central coordinating role in the field
     of industrial development to enhance the effectiveness, relevance
     and development impact of such support;

         "11. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
     Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the implementation
     of the present resolution."

6.   At the 37th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Kheireddine Ramoul (Algeria), introduced a draft
resolution entitled "Industrial development cooperation"
(A/C.2/51/L.46), submitted by him on the basis of informal
consultations held on draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.12.

7.   Before the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
the United States of America made a statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.37).

8.   At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.46 without a vote (see para. 16, draft resolution I).

9.   In the light of the adoption of draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.46,
draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.12 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                      B.  Draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.38

10.  At the 36th meeting, on 25 November, the representative of Costa
Rica, on behalf of the Member States that are members of the Group of
77 and China, and also on behalf of Colombia, on behalf of the Member
States that are members of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries,
introduced a draft resolution entitled "Food and sustainable
agricultural development" (A/C.2/51/L.38), which read as follows:

         "The General Assembly,

         "Recalling its resolution 50/109 of 20 December 1995,

         "Expressing deep concern at the widespread phenomenon of
     chronic undernourishment, including among children, particularly
     in the developing countries,

         "Also expressing concern that the scarcity of freshwater in
     developing countries, in arid and semi-arid regions, has hampered
     development efforts, especially agricultural development, which is
     necessary for food security,

         "Reaffirming the inalienable right to be free from hunger and
     malnutrition, as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration on the
     Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition, 5/

         "Recognizing the contributions made by the major United
     Nations conferences of the 1990s to an international consensus on
     food security and related issues,

         "Also recalling Economic and Social Council resolution
     1996/36 of 26 July 1996 on follow-up to the major international
     United Nations conferences and summits, including the
     implementation of their respective programmes of action,

         "1.   Welcomes the outcome of the World Food Summit held in
     Rome from 13 to 17 November 1996;

         "2.   Urges all members of the international community, as well
     as relevant bodies within the United Nations system, including
     international and regional financial institutions, to cooperate
     actively in the implementation of the World Food Summit Plan of
     Action adopted at the Summit;

         "3.   Requests that, at its special session for the purpose of
     an overall review and appraisal of the implementation of
     Agenda 21, the General Assembly give due attention to the follow-
     up to the World Food Summit Plan of Action;

         "4.   Invites the Administrative Committee on Coordination to
     decide on the inter-agency mechanism for the implementation of the
     World Food Summit Plan of Action and the incorporation of the
     mechanism into existing arrangements, and to report to the
     Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1997 in
     the context of Council resolution 1996/36;

         "5.   Requests the Secretary-General to report annually to the
     General Assembly, through the Economic and Social Council, on the
     implementation of the Universal Declaration on the Eradication of
     Hunger and Malnutrition1 and the World Food Summit Plan of Action,
     in the context of the follow-up to the major United Nations
     conferences of the 1990s, including the implementation of their
     respective programmes of action;

         "6.   Reiterates its invitation to the Director-General of the
     Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to submit
     to the General Assembly, at its fifty-second session, through the
     Economic and Social Council, a report on the outcome of the World
     Food Summit, including actions to be taken to follow up the
     outcome of the Summit at all appropriate levels."


11.  At the 37th meeting, on 2 December, the Vice-Chairman,
Mr. Kheireddine Ramoul (Algeria), introduced a draft resolution
entitled "Food and sustainable agricultural development"
(A/C.2/51/L.47), submitted by him on the basis of informal
consultations held on draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.38.

12.  At the same meeting, the Committee adopted draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.47 without a vote (see para. 16, draft resolution II).

13.  After the adoption of the draft resolution, the representative of
the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations made a
statement (see A/C.2/51/SR.37).
     
14.      In the light of the adoption of draft resolution
A/C.2/51/L.47, draft resolution A/C.2/51/L.38 was withdrawn by its
sponsors.


                                Draft decision

15.  At the 37th meeting, on 2 December, the Committee decided to take
note of the report of the Secretary-General on the use of freshwater
resources for food and agricultural production, as well as the
implications of the results of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade
negotiations for food production, including agro-industrial products
and on global food security in developing countries, submitted under
agenda item 95 (b) (see para. 17).


                  III.  RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE

16.  The Second Committee recommends to the General Assembly the
adoption of the following draft resolutions:


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION I

                      Industrial development cooperation

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling the Declaration on International Economic Cooperation,
in particular the Revitalization of Economic Growth and Development of
the Developing Countries, 6/ the International Development Strategy
for the Fourth United Nations Development Decade, 7/ and the United
Nations New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the 1990s, 8/

     Recalling also its resolution 49/108 of 19 December 1994 on
industrial development cooperation,

     Taking note of the declaration adopted by the Ministers for
Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77 and China at their twentieth annual
meeting, held in New York on 27 September 1996, 9/ the communique' of
the Meeting of Ministers for Foreign Affairs and Heads of Delegation
of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries to the fiftieth session of
the General Assembly, issued on 25 September 1996, 10/ the Midrand
Declaration, 11/ adopted by the United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development at its ninth session, and the conclusions of the
summit meeting of seven major industrialized countries, held at Lyon,
France, from 27 to 29 June 1996; 12/

     Noting the far-reaching implications of the process of
globalization, trade liberalization and rapid technological change for
the economic prospects of the developing countries and the economies
in transition,

     Reaffirming the importance of promoting industrialization as an
essential element in the sustained economic growth and sustainable
development of developing countries, as well as in the eradication of
poverty, facilitating social integration, the integration of women
into the development process and the creation of productive
employment,

     Stressing the need for enhanced international, regional and
subregional cooperation in the field of industrial development and the
important role played by the United Nations system, in particular the
United Nations Industrial Development Organization, in this regard,

     Recognizing the increasing role of the business community,
including the private sector, in enhancing the dynamic process of the
development of the industrial sector,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 13/

     2.  Welcomes the major programme of reform and restructuring
process undertaken by the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization;

     3.  Reiterates the importance of cooperation and coordination
within the United Nations system in providing effective support to the
industrial development of the developing countries, and calls upon the
United Nations Industrial Development Organization to continue
carrying out its central coordinating role in the field of industrial
development in the overall context of existing coordinating mechanisms
in the United Nations system, inter alia, the Administrative Committee
on Coordination and the resident coordinator system, so as to enhance
the effectiveness, relevance and development impact of such support;

     4.  Emphasizes the importance of a favourable international and
national environment for the industrialization of developing
countries, and urges all Governments to adopt and implement
development policies and strategies that promote, within a framework
of transparent and accountable industrialization policies, inter alia,
enterprise development, foreign direct investment, technological
adaptation and innovation, expanded access to markets and the
effective use of official development assistance to enable developing
countries to enhance an environment attractive to investment so as to
augment and supplement domestic resources for the expansion,
diversification and modernization of their industrial productive
capacity, in the context of an open, equitable, non-discriminatory,
transparent, multilateral and rule-based international trading system;

     5.  Reiterates the importance of technology transfer to the
developing countries as an effective means of international
cooperation in the field of industrial development;

     6.  Recognizes the continuing use of official development
assistance also for industrial development in the developing
countries, and calls on the donor countries and the recipient
countries to continue to cooperate in their efforts to achieve greater
efficiency and effectiveness of official development assistance
resources devoted to industrial development cooperation;

     7.  Welcomes, in addition, the use of innovative funding
modalities, including, inter alia, co-financing schemes and trust
funds, debt-equity swaps, as appropriate, and other debt relief
measures, industrial joint venture schemes, enterprise-to-enterprise
cooperation and venture capital funds for industrial development, in
particular in the developing countries;

     8.  Calls upon the international community and the relevant
organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, in particular
the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, to support the
efforts of the developing countries to intensify and expand industrial
cooperation among themselves with respect to, among other things,
trade in manufactured products, industrial investments and business
partnerships, as well as industrial technology and scientific
exchanges;

     9.  Requests the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization, in cooperation with the relevant organizations of the
United Nations system, to undertake, in the context of supporting
South-South cooperation, an in-depth assessment and further analysis
of best practices in the field of industrial policies and strategies
and their relevance in particular regional and country situations, and
lessons learned in the field of industrial development, so as to
provide practical insights and ideas - such cooperation should better
enable developing countries to benefit from each other's successful
experiences in the formulation of their industrial policies and
strategies - and also requests the United Nations Industrial
Development Organization to submit a report thereon to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session;

     10. Also requests the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization to expand and enhance its interaction with the business
community, including the private sector, in assisting the development
of the industrial sector in the developing countries and economies in
transition, in particular in the field of small and medium-sized
enterprise development, and welcomes the creation by the United
Nations Industrial Development Organization of the International
Business Advisory Council;

     11. Invites Member States and relevant organizations of the
United Nations system to extend support to the successful
implementation of the Alliance for Africa's Industrialization,
launched on 23 October 1996 at Abidjan, by Governments of African
countries and the private sector, which aims at accelerating the pace
of Africa's industrialization through industrial capacity-building,
including the agro-industrial field, and partnerships between
Governments of African countries and the private sector at the
national, subregional, regional and international levels;

     12. Emphasizes the importance of the integration of the informal
sector into industrial development cooperation, as well as the
necessity for the development of human capacities, in particular
strengthening women's economic capacity and providing business
services to women;

     13. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution.


                              DRAFT RESOLUTION II

                 Food and sustainable agricultural development

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 50/109 of 20 December 1995 and Economic
and Social Council resolution 1995/1 of 10 February 1995,

     Expressing deep concern at the widespread phenomenon of chronic
undernourishment, in particular among women and children in the
developing countries,

     Expressing concern that the scarcity of freshwater in developing
countries, in arid and semi-arid regions, has hampered development
efforts, especially agricultural development, which is necessary for
food security,

     Reaffirming the right of everyone to have access to safe and
nutritious food consistent with the right to adequate food and the
fundamental right of everyone to be free from hunger,

     Recognizing the contributions made by the major United Nations
conferences of the 1990s to an international consensus on food
security and related issues,

     Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/36 of
26 July 1996 on follow-up to the major international United Nations
conferences and summits, including the implementation of their
respective programmes of action,

     1.  Welcomes the outcome of the World Food Summit, held at Rome
from 13 to 17 November 1996;

     2.  Urges all members of the international community, as well as
relevant bodies within the United Nations system, including
international and regional financial institutions, to cooperate
actively in a coordinated manner in the implementation of the World
Food Summit Plan of Action adopted at the Summit;

     3.  Recommends that, at its special session for the purpose of an
overall review and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21, the
General Assembly give due attention to the follow-up to the World Food
Summit Plan of Action;

     4.  Invites the Secretary-General to ensure that the
Administrative Committee on Coordination decides on the inter-agency
mechanism for the implementation of the World Food Summit Plan of
Action and the incorporation of the mechanism into existing
arrangements, and to report to the Economic and Social Council at its
substantive session of 1997 in the context of Council resolution
1996/36;

     5.  Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that a coordinated
follow-up at the field level to the World Food Summit is undertaken in
the context of the resident coordination system, taking into account
the coordinated follow-up to United Nations major international
conferences;

     6.  Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
World Food Summit Plan of Action, in the context of the follow-up to
the major United Nations conferences of the 1990s, including the
implementation of their respective programmes of action;

     7.  Reiterates its invitation to the Director-General of the Food
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to submit to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and
Social Council, a report on the outcome of the World Food Summit,
including actions to be taken to follow up the outcome of the Summit
at all appropriate levels.

17.  The Committee also recommends to the General Assembly the adoption
of the following draft decision:



           Report of the Secretary-General on the use of freshwater
                resources for food and agricultural production

     The General Assembly takes note of the report of the
Secretary-General on the use of freshwater resources for food and
agricultural production, as well as the implications of the results of
the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations for food
production, including agro-industrial products and on global food
security in developing countries. 14/


                                     -----


                                     Notes

1/   General Assembly resolution S-18/3, annex.

2/   General Assembly resolution 45/199, annex.

3/   General Assembly resolution 46/151, annex, sect. II.

4/   A/51/340.

5/   Report of the World Food Conference, Rome, 5-16 November 1974
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.75.II.A.3), chap. I.

6/   General Assembly resolution S-18/3, annex.

7/   General Assembly resolution 45/199, annex.

8/   General Assembly resolution 46/151, annex, sect. II.

9/   A/51/471, annex.

10/  A/51/473-S/1996/839, annex.

11/  See Report of the United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development on its ninth session, held at Midrand, South Africa, from
27 April to 11 May 1996 (TD/378), Part One, sect. A.

12/  See A/51/208-S/1996/543.

13/  A/51/340.

14/  A/51/431.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org