United Nations

A/51/59


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

27 January 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/59
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session


        SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION:
                    SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

          Letter dated 18 January 1996 from the Permanent Representatives
          of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Russian Federation to
             the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


     Upon instructions from our Governments, we have the honour to
submit the text of the Joint Russian-Iranian Statement on the Caspian
Sea signed by the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Mr.
A. Bolshakov, and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Islamic
Republic of Iran, Dr. Ali Akbar Velayati, on 30 October 1995 at
Teheran (see annex).

     We should be grateful if the text of the present letter and its
annex could be circulated as a document of the fifty-first session of
the General Assembly under the item entitled "Sustainable development
and international economic cooperation:  science and technology for
development".


  (Signed)  Kamal KHARRAZI                    (Signed)  Sergey V. LAVROV      
              Ambassador                                   Ambassador         
      Permanent Representative of                  Permanent Representative of
     the Islamic Republic of Iran                    the Russian Federation   
         to the United Nations                        to the United Nations   


                                     ANNEX

              Joint Russian-Iranian Statement on the Caspian Sea,
                     issued at Teheran on 30 October 1995

                                                          [Original:  Russian]


     Russian-Iranian talks were held at Teheran from 29 to 31 October
1995 concerning issues related to the legal status of the Caspian Sea
and the arrangement of cooperation among Caspian coastal States.  The
parties reached the following mutual understanding:

     1.  The problems of the legal status and regime of the Caspian
Sea, which is a unique body of water, are of a purely regional nature. 
Any issues relating to regulation of the uses of the Caspian Sea and
its resources shall be decided, in the context of international
treaties, jointly by all the Caspian coastal States (Russia, Iran,
Azerbaijan, Kazakstan and Turkmenistan), bearing in mind their equal
rights and mutual interests.  All rights with respect to the Caspian
Sea and its resources belong to the coastal States, and only they are
entitled to lay down rules for activity in the Caspian.

     2.  Mutual relations between the coastal States in the Caspian
Sea shall be governed by the principles of respect for State
sovereignty, good-neighbourliness, mutually beneficial cooperation,
partnership on an equal footing, and the non-use of force or the
threat of force.  The Caspian Sea shall be used exclusively for
peaceful purposes.

     3.  The coastal States alone have strategic interests in the
Caspian Sea, and no claims by other States in this connection may be
entertained.  Third countries shall not be entitled to dictate to the
coastal States in what forms and by what methods use shall be made of
the Caspian.

     4.  The coastal States shall be directly responsible for
preserving the unique ecosystem of the Caspian Sea.  No activity shall
be conducted in such a manner as to damage the Sea's natural
environment.

     5.  All issues relating to the Caspian Sea, including
determination of its legal status, shall be settled on the basis of
consensus among all the coastal States.

     6.  Consultations should be continued on the elaboration and
conclusion of separate agreements concerning preservation of the
Caspian Sea ecosystem and living resources, as well as navigation on
the Sea.

     7.  Rules shall be worked out for the exploitation of Caspian Sea
mineral resources; until such time as the rules are worked out,
unilateral actions by coastal States shall not be permitted.  Coastal
countries may not undertake actions leading to a division of the
Caspian Sea without the agreement of all the other coastal countries.

     8.  An organization should be established for cooperation among
the Caspian coastal States and an effective permanent mechanism
determined for coordination of their actions.

     9.  Five-party consultations need to continue, on a rotating
basis, for the purpose of updating the legal status of the Caspian
Sea.


 (Signed)  A. A. BOLSHAKOV                    (Signed)  A. A. VELAYATI        
      Deputy Prime Minister                     Minister for Foreign Affairs  
    of the Russian Federation                  of the Islamic Republic of Iran


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