United Nations

A/51/529


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

21 October 1996

ORIGINAL:
RUSSIAN


                                                        A/51/529

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda items 24, 64, 96, 97 and 98


LAW OF THE SEA

THE ROLE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY,
DISARMAMENT AND OTHER RELATED FIELDS

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION

ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT

Letter dated 18 October 1996 from the Permanent Representatives
of Azerbaijan and Kazakstan to the United Nations addressed to 
the Secretary-General


     We have the honour to transmit herewith the text of the joint
statement on Caspian Sea questions adopted by the Presidents of the
Azerbaijani Republic and the Republic of Kazakstan in Baku on 16
September 1996 (see annex).

     We should be grateful if the text of this letter and its annex
could be circulated as a document of the General Assembly under agenda
items 24, 64, 96, 97 and 98.


(Signed)  E. KOULIEV                          (Signed)  A. ARYSTANBEKOVA
          Ambassador                                       Ambassador
Permanent Representative of the               Permanent Representative of the
  Azerbaijani Republic to the                   Republic of Kazakstan to the
        United Nations                                   United Nations


                                     ANNEX

    Joint statement on Caspian Sea questions adopted by the Presidents of
            Azerbaijan and Kazakstan in Baku on 16 September 1996


     The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Mr. G. A. Aliyev, and
the President of the Republic of Kazakstan, Mr. N. A. Nazarbaev,
following their discussion in Baku on 16 September 1996 of questions
relating to the legal status of the Caspian Sea and cooperation among
the littoral States in the exploration, development and use of the
Caspian's mineral and biological resources and protection of its
natural environment, reached the following mutual understanding.

1.   The Parties consider that the immediate and urgent task of the
littoral States is to elaborate and conclude, on the basis of
consensus, a convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea.  The
legal status of the Caspian Sea must be based on the generally
recognized rules and principles of international law and the
international treaty practice of States situated on the shores of
similar bodies of water and include the regulation of questions of
navigation, the use of biological and mineral resources, the ecology,
including changes in the sea level, etc., and the definition of the
jurisdictional limits of the littoral States on the basis of respect
for their sovereign rights over their respective parts and sectors of
the Caspian Sea.

     Agreements on specific types of activity on the Caspian may be
concluded on the basis of a convention on the legal status of the
Caspian Sea.

2.   The Parties agree that the activities of the littoral States on
the Caspian Sea must be conducted in keeping with the following
principles:

     -   Compliance with the principles of the Charter of the United
         Nations providing for respect for sovereignty, territorial
         integrity, political independence, the sovereign equality of
         States and the non-use of force or threat of force;

     -   The demilitarization of the Caspian and its use exclusively
         for peaceful purposes;

     -   The maintenance of the Caspian Sea as a zone of peace, good-
         neighbourliness, friendship and cooperation, and the peaceful
         settlement of all questions concerning the Caspian Sea;

     -   The protection of the environment and the prevention of the
         pollution of the Caspian Sea;

     -   The conservation, reproduction and rational use of the
         biological resources of the Caspian Sea;

     -   The responsibility of the States bordering the Caspian Sea
         for any damage to the environment or each other as a result
         of their use of the Caspian Sea and exploitation of its
         resources;

     -   The freedom and safety of the commercial shipping of the
         States bordering the Caspian Sea;

     -   And compliance with any other principles that may be agreed
         upon among the littoral States.

3.   The Parties agree that only vessels belonging to the States
bordering the Caspian Sea may sail on the Caspian Sea.

     The procedure and conditions for navigation on the Caspian may be
defined in separate agreements.

4.   The Parties consider that the delimitation of the Caspian Sea
between the littoral States in one form or another is fully consistent
with international practice and the principles and rules of
international law and will facilitate their cooperation on the basis
of equal rights and mutual advantage and help to attract investments
and modern technology for the purpose of the effective, rational and
safe use of the natural resources of the Caspian.

5.   The Parties recognize each other's rights and the rights of each
of the littoral States to carry out activities connected with the
exploitation of the mineral and biological resources in their
respective parts and sectors of the Caspian Sea, and they will
exchange concrete proposals on the development of mutually
advantageous cooperation, including geophysical and geological survey
activities and the exploitation of hydrocarbon deposits, bearing in
mind the experience and capabilities of the Parties.

6.   The Parties are in favour of intensifying and raising the level of
negotiations between the littoral States with respect to the legal
status of the Caspian Sea and to this end endorse the proposal to hold
a meeting of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the five States
bordering the Caspian Sea to conclude a mutually acceptable agreement
on its legal status.

     DONE in Baku on 16 September 1996 in two copies, each in the
Azerbaijani, Kazak and Russian languages.


(Signed)  Heydar ALIYEV                         (Signed)  Nursultan NAZARBAEV
    President of the                               President of the Republic
   Azerbaijani Republic                                   of Kazakstan


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