United Nations

A/51/489


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

14 October 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/489
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 38


          COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION
                    FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE

                        Report of the Secretary-General


                             I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   On 18 December 1995, the General Assembly adopted, without a vote,
resolution 50/87 entitled "Cooperation between the United Nations and
the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe".  By that
resolution, the Assembly, acknowledging the increasing contribution of
the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to the
establishment and maintenance of international peace and security in
its region through its activities in early warning, preventive
diplomacy, crisis management, arms control and disarmament, and
post-crisis stabilization and rehabilitation measures, welcomed the
intensified cooperation and coordination between the United Nations
and OSCE and requested the Secretary-General to explore with the
Chairman-in-Office of OSCE possibilities for further improvement in
that regard.  The Secretary-General was requested to submit to the
Assembly at its fifty-first session a report on the implementation of
the resolution.

2.   By the same resolution, the General Assembly decided to include in
the provisional agenda of its fifty-first session the item entitled
"Cooperation between the United Nations and the Organization for
Security and Cooperation in Europe".

3.   The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly
resolution 50/87.


             II.  MEASURES OF COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS
                  AND THE ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION
                  IN EUROPE

4.   On 26 May 1993, letters were exchanged between the
Secretary-General of the United Nations and the Chairman-in-Office of
the Council of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
(CSCE) (see A/48/185, annexes I and II). 1/  By those letters, the
signatories accepted the arrangements described in the framework for
cooperation and coordination between the two organizations (A/48/185,
annex II, appendix).

5.   By resolution 48/5 of 22 October 1993, the General Assembly
decided to invite CSCE to participate in the sessions and work of the
Assembly in the capacity of observer.

6.   The observer status of OSCE and the framework agreement referred
to in paragraph 4 above constitute the institutional parameters of
cooperation between the United Nations and OSCE.

7.   As was noted in the previous reports of the Secretary-General on
cooperation and coordination with OSCE submitted to the Assembly at
its forty-eighth, forty-ninth and fiftieth sessions (A/48/549,
A/49/529 and A/50/564), good contacts have been established and
maintained between the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the
Chairman-in-Office of OSCE.  The Secretary-General has met regularly
with both the Chairman-in-Office and the Secretary-General of OSCE and
their representatives meet United Nations officials on a regular basis
at United Nations Headquarters in New York and at the United Nations
Office at Geneva.  The Secretary-General of OSCE participated in the
meeting on cooperation between the United Nations and regional
organizations convened by the Secretary-General on 15 and 16 February
1996.   The Secretary-General has been represented at the meetings of
the Committee of Senior Officials of OSCE (now the Senior Council) in
Prague as well as at other OSCE meetings.  The Secretary-General also
attended and addressed the last OSCE summit of Heads of State or
Government which took place in Budapest on 5 and 6 December 1994.

8.   In continuation of the informal understanding that there should be
a division of labour between the two organizations, the United Nations
has retained the lead in peacemaking efforts in Tajikistan and in
Abkhazia, Georgia, while OSCE has had the lead on the question of the
Nagorny Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Moldova and
South Ossetia, Georgia.  Specific efforts have been made to improve
contacts and cooperation in the field, at the negotiating table and
between the respective headquarters.  These steps have resulted in
enhanced coordination with the aim of making better use of the
resources of the international community in the interests of the
countries being assisted.

9.   During the past year, cooperation between the United Nations and
OSCE has been evident at a variety of levels.

10.   On 30 and 31 May 1996, in Geneva, the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), together with OSCE and
the International Organization for Migration (IOM), organized a
Regional Conference to Address the Problems of Refugees, Displaced
Persons, Other Forms of Involuntary Displacement and Returnees in the
Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Relevant
Neighbouring States.  The conference was attended by delegations of 87
States, 27 international organizations and 77 non-governmental
organizations (NGOs).  The objectives of the conference were to
provide a reliable forum for the countries of the region to discuss
population displacement and refugee problems in a humanitarian and
non-political way; to review the population movements taking place in
the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS),
clarifying the categories of concern; and to elaborate a non-binding
programme of action for the CIS countries.  The conference, which was
opened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, adopted a
programme of action which includes measures aimed at establishing
national migration systems and developing appropriate policies and
operational activities.  Implementation and follow-up activities are
also included in order to ensure the sustainability of the conference
process.

11.  UNHCR has begun collaboration with the OSCE High Commissioner for
National Minorities on the subject of return and reintegration of
formerly deported peoples in CIS countries.  A workshop was held at
Geneva in July 1996 as part of the follow-up to the CIS conference. 
Other areas of mutual interest have also been examined jointly by the
OSCE High Commissioner for National Minorities and UNHCR, particularly
with regard to questions of nationality and citizenship in Europe.

12.  The informal process of tripartite consultations, initiated in
1994 between the United Nations Office at Geneva, OSCE and the Council
of Europe, continued with the holding of consultations in Paris in
December 1995 under the chairmanship of the Secretary-General of the
Council of Europe.  Because of the intensified activities with regard
to the former Yugoslavia, particularly by OSCE, it did not prove
feasible to hold target-oriented meetings, as previously planned,
during the course of 1996.  The next tripartite consultations are
expected to be held before the end of 1996 at Geneva at the invitation
of the United Nations Office at Geneva.

13.  This supplementary informal process has proved to be informative
and effective.  It ensures the active participation of OSCE
institutions, as well as of the Chairman-in-Office, in a regular
dialogue with humanitarian organizations and thereby assures an
essential link between the processes for the prevention, control and
resolution of conflicts on the one hand and humanitarian operations on
the other.  It ensures the regular flow of information between
agencies and provides scope for coordinated and complementary action. 
The process was further strengthened in June 1995 when the OSCE
secretariat invited humanitarian agencies to meet all OSCE heads of
field missions.  Given the emphasis of this process on humanitarian
activities, other organizations, such as the International Committee
of the Red Cross, the International Organization for Migration and the
Commission of the European Union, are included in the consultations on
the basis of their involvement in the areas under discussion.  On the
United Nations side, the Director-General of the United Nations Office
at Geneva, the Department of Humanitarian Affairs, the United Nations
High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees and the Economic Commission for Europe are
regularly represented.  Other United Nations entities are invited
depending on their involvement in the operations under discussion.  In
view of the usefulness of the process to all the participating
organizations in the field of humanitarian assistance, it has been
proposed that it be extended to also cover social and economic matters
in Europe.

14.  The Economic Commission for Europe works closely with the OSCE
Economic Forum and on a continuing basis provides support to the OSCE
secretariat regarding economic aspects of security in Europe.

15.  In many of the countries in which both organizations are active,
cooperation has intensified at the field level.

16.  In Bosnia and Herzegovina, OSCE was responsible for the conduct of
elections for the Presidency and other high-level bodies, held on
14 September 1996.  Monitors of the International Police Task Force
(IPTF) assisted OSCE and were deployed throughout the country on
election day, monitoring and providing guidance to local police
forces.  The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and other
United Nations offices and organizations also assisted OSCE in
organizing the elections within the limits of their mandates.

17.  In February 1996, the High Commissioner for Human Rights provided
an introductory human-rights training course to OSCE monitors in
Vienna, prior to their departure for Bosnia and Herzegovina.  This was
supplemented by a human-rights field guide, as well as a more
comprehensive training course conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina in
July 1996, in cooperation with the Council of Europe.  Professionals
from the High Commissioner's field operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina
also participated in the drafting of human rights-related election
guidelines and proposed and evaluated responses to election-related
rights abuses.

18.  Regarding the conflict over Nagorny Karabakh, involving Azerbaijan
and Armenia, the United Nations continues to support the ongoing
peacemaking efforts of the OSCE Minsk Group.  In view of the
continuing humanitarian crisis in the region, as well as in support of
the OSCE Minsk Group, the High Commissioner for Refugees sent a
mission to Baku and Yerevan from 9 to 12 September 1996.  In meetings
with the two Presidents and other senior government officials in Baku
and Yerevan, the mission discussed the humanitarian situations in
Azerbaijan and Armenia, including the possibility of starting
non-political negotiations on humanitarian issues, in particular the
return of refugees and internally displaced persons.

19.  Consultations are under way between the High Commissioner for
Human Rights and OSCE regarding the implementation of a programme for
the protection and promotion of human rights in Abkhazia, Georgia, and
the establishment of an office in Sukhumi, to which OSCE would
contribute an experienced officer.  OSCE continues as a participant in
the peacemaking activities of the Special Envoy of the
Secretary-General for Abkhazia, Georgia.

20.  The United Nations and OSCE continued their interaction in
Tajikistan with a view to bringing about a political solution to the
four-year-old conflict.  The United Nations was primarily responsible
for peacemaking and peacekeeping in the country, while the OSCE
mission there has concentrated on the promotion of human rights and
democratic institution-building.  In addition, it provided protection
to Tajik returnees in the southern province of Khatlon.  OSCE
representatives participated as observers at the United
Nations-sponsored inter-Tajik talks.  The United Nations Mission of
Observers in Tajikistan and the OSCE Mission in Tajikistan are
cooperating closely in broadening the spectrum of political parties
and movements participating in the inter-Tajik political dialogue.

21.  On 16 March 1995, the Chairman of the Commission on Human Rights
read out a statement, approved by consensus, concerning the situation
of human rights in the Chechen Republic of the Russian Federation. 
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights was requested to
continue a dialogue with the Government of the Russian Federation in
the implementation of his mandate with a view to securing respect for
all human rights, and to pursue his contacts with the
Chairman-in-Office of OSCE. 2/  Following that statement, the High
Commissioner has held consultations with the OSCE Chairman-in-Office
on the situation in Chechnya, in particular on the implementation of
his mandate in this regard.  Likewise, the High Commissioner's envoy
for Chechnya, Professor Fausto Pocar, has held talks with the OSCE
Assistance Group in Grozny and with other OSCE representatives
regarding the High Commissioner's plan to deploy a human rights
officer to work with the Group.  It has not been possible, however, to
implement this plan.  The High Commissioner and OSCE continue to
consult on this matter.

22.  During the reporting period, the United Nations and the OSCE
Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights jointly conducted
electoral observation missions in Azerbaijan and Kyrgyzstan. 
Following official requests from those Governments, the two
organizations sent joint needs assessment missions and subsequently
established joint electoral missions, observing the parliamentary
elections in Azerbaijan in November 1995 and the presidential
elections in Kyrgyzstan in December 1995.  Both missions observed the
electoral process and coordinated and supported the activities of
other international election observers.

23.  The past year has witnessed the continuing consolidation of links
between the United Nations and OSCE at all levels.  This cooperation
and coordination aims at making the best possible use of the resources
made available by Governments to international organizations to carry
out the tasks assigned to them.  The avoidance of duplicative or
overlapping mandates will facilitate such cooperation and contribute
to effective coordination. 


                                     Notes

     1/  At the Summit of CSCE Heads of State and Government, held at
Budapest on 5 and 6 December 1994, it was agreed to change the name of
the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe to the
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), as of 1
January 1995 (see A/49/800).

     2/  See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 3 (E/1995/23), para. 594.


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