United Nations

A/51/424


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

27 September 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                         A/51/424


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 106


                  PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN

                  Status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child

                            Report of the Secretary-General


1.   The General Assembly, by its resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989,
adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child.  The Convention was opened
for signature in New York on 26 January 1990 and entered into force on
2 September 1990, the thirtieth day after the deposit with the Secretary-
General of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

2.   By its resolution 49/211 of 23 December 1994, the General Assembly urged
all States that had not done so to sign, ratify or accede to the Convention as
a matter of priority, with a view to reaching universal ratification by 1995;
emphasized the importance of the full implementation by States parties of the
provisions of the Convention; approved the recommendation to increase to three
the number of annual sessions of the Committee as from 1995, as well as the
number of sessions of the pre-sessional working group; and requested the
Secretary-General to submit to the Assembly at its fifty-first session a
report on the status of the Convention.

3.   By its resolution 50/153 of 21 December 1995, the General Assembly
called upon States parties to ensure that the education of the child shall be
carried out in accordance with article 29 of the Convention, and also called
upon States parties, in accordance with their obligations under article 42, to
make the principles and provisions of the Convention widely known to adults
and children alike.

4.   The Commission on Human Rights, at its fifty-second session, adopted
resolution 1996/85 of 24 April 1996, in which it took note with appreciation
of the constructive role of the Committee on the Rights of the Child in
creating awareness of the principles and provisions of the Convention and in
providing recommendations to States parties on its implementation; requested
bodies and organs of the United Nations and encouraged States parties,
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, the media and the
community at large to intensify their efforts to disseminate information on
the Convention, promote understanding of it and assist States parties in its
implementation; and recommended that special rapporteurs, special
representatives and working groups of the Commission and its Subcommission on
Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities take into account
the work of the Committee on the Rights of the Child; requested the working
groups on draft optional protocols to the Convention respectively on the
involvement of children in armed conflicts and on the sale of children, child
prostitution and child pornography to meet each for a period of two weeks, or
less if possible, prior to the fifty-third session of the Commission to pursue
their mandates; urged Governments to continue actively to seek comprehensive
solutions to the problems of street children; urged all States to eliminate
all forms of discrimination against the girl child; urged Governments to pay
particular attention to the situation of refugee and internally displaced
children; and requested the Secretary-General to submit a report on the status
of the Convention to the Commission at its fifty-third session.

5.   As at 15 August 1996, the Convention had been ratified or acceded to by
187 States.  In addition, two States had signed the Convention.  The list of
States that have signed, ratified or acceded to the Convention, as well as the
dates of their signature, ratification or accession, is contained in the annex
to the present report.

6.   The fifth meeting of the States parties to the Convention was convened
by the Secretary-General at United Nations Headquarters on 21 February 1995
for the purpose of electing five members of the Committee to replace those
whose terms were due to expire.  The following experts were elected or
re-elected for the period 1995-1999:

     Mrs. Akila Belembaogo (Burkina Faso)

     Mr. Thomas Hammarberg (Sweden)

     Mrs. Judith Karp (Israel)

     Mr. Youri Kolosov (Russian Federation)

     Ms. Sandra Prunella Mason (Barbados).

7.   On 12 December 1995, the Conference of States Parties to the Convention
adopted an amendment to article 43 increasing to 18 experts the membership of
the Committee.  This amendment, which was further approved by the General
Assembly in its resolution 50/155 of 21 December 1995, will enter into force
once it has been accepted by a two-thirds majority of States parties.

8.   The Committee on the Rights of the Child held its seventh, eighth,
ninth, tenth, eleventh and twelfth sessions at the United Nations Office at
Geneva from 26 September to 14 October 1994, 9 to 27 January 1995, 22 May to
9 June 1995, 30 October to 17 November 1995, 8 to 26 January 1996 and 20 May
to 7 June 1996 respectively.  In accordance with article 44, paragraph 5, of
the Convention, the Committee submitted its biennial report, covering the
activities of the Committee at its sixth to eleventh sessions, to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session. 1/


                                         Note

     1/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 41 (A/51/41).


                                         ANNEX

            States which have signed, ratified or acceded to the Convention
                 on the Rights of the Child as at 15 August 1996 (187)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Date of receipt
                                             of instrument 
                                            of ratification/  Date of entry
State                Date of signature         accession a/     into force
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Afghanistan          27 September 1990      28 March 1994     27 April 1994
Albania              26 January 1990        27 February 1992  28 March 1992
Algeria              26 January 1990        16 April 1993     16 May 1993
Andorra              2 October 1995         2 January 1996    1 February 1996
Angola               14 February 1990       5 December 1990   4 January 1991

Antigua and Barbuda  12 March 199           15 October 1993   4 November 1993
Argentina            29 June 1990           4 December 1990   3 January 1991
Armenia                                     23 June 1993 a/   22 July 1993
Australia            22 August 1990         17 December 1990  16 January 1991
Austria              26 January 1990        6 August 1992     5 September 1992

Azerbaijan                                  13 August 1992 a/ 12 Sept. 1992
Bahamas              30 October 1990        20 February 1991  22 March 1991
Bahrain                                     13 Feb. 1992 a/   14 March 1992
Bangladesh           26 January 1990        3 August 1990     2 September 1990
Barbados             19 April 1990          9 October 1990    8 November 1990

Belarus              26 January 1990        1 October 1990    31 October 1990
Belgium              26 January 1990        16 December 1991  15 January 1992
Belize               2 March 1990           2 May 1990        2 Sept. 1990
Benin                25 April 1990          3 August 1990     2 Sept. 1990
Bhutan               4 June 1990            1 August 1990     2 Sept. 1990

Bolivia              8 March 1990           26 June 1990      2 Sept. 1990
Bosnia and
  Herzegovina b/                                              6 March 1992
Botswana                                    14 March 1995 a/  13 April 1995
Brunei Darussalam                           27 Dec. 1995 a/   26 January 1996
Brazil               26 January 1990        24 Sept. 1990     24 October 1990

Bulgaria             31 May 1990            3 June 1991       3 July 1991
Burkina Faso         26 January 1990        31 August 1990    30 Sept. 1990
Burundi              8 May 1990             19 October 1990   18 Nov. 1990
Cambodia             22 September 1992      15 October 1992   14 Nov. 1992
Cameroon             25 September 1990      11 January 1993   10 Feb. 1993

Canada               28 May 1990            13 December 1991  12 January 1992
Cape Verde                                  4 June 1992 a/    4 July 1992
Central African
  Republic           30 July 1990           23 April 1992     23 May 1992
Chad                 30 September 1990      2 October 1990    1 November 1990
Chile                26 January 1990        13 August 1990    12 Sept. 1990


China                29 August 1990         2 March 1992      1 April 1992
Colombia             26 January 1990        28 January 1991   27 Feb. 1991
Comoros              30 September 1990      22 June 1993      21 July 1993
Congo                                       14 Oct. 1993 a/   13 Nov. 1993
Costa Rica           26 January 1990        21 August 1990    20 Sept. 1990

Co^te d'Ivoire        26 January 1990        4 February 1991   6 March 1991
Croatia b/                                                    8 October 1991
Cuba                 26 January 1990        21 August 1991    20 Sept. 1991
Cyprus               5 October 1990         7 February 1991   9 March 1991
Czech Republic b/                                             1 January 1993

Democratic People's
  Republic of Korea  23 August 1990         21 Sept. 1990     21 Oct. 1990
Denmark              26 January 1990        19 July 1991      18 August 1991
Djibouti             30 September 1990      6 December 1990   5 January 1991
Dominica             26 January 1990        13 March 1991     12 April 1991
Dominican Republic   8 August 1990          11 June 1991      11 July 1991

Ecuador              26 January 1990        23 March 1990     2 Sept. 1990
Egypt                5 February 1990        6 July 1990       2 Sept. 1990
El Salvador          26 January 1990        10 July 1990      2 Sept. 1990
Equatorial Guinea                           15 June 1992 a/   15 July 1992
Eritrea              20 December 1993       3 August 1994     2 Sept. 1994

Estonia                                     21 Oct. 1991 a/   20 Nov. 1991
Ethiopia                                    14 May 1991 a/    13 June 1991
Fiji                 2 July 1993            13 August 1993    12 Sept. 1993
Finland              26 January 1990        20 June 1991      20 July 1991
France               26 January 1990        7 August 1990     6 Sept. 1990

Gabon                26 January 1990        9 February 1994   11 March 1994
Gambia               5 February 1990        8 August 1990     7 Sept. 1990
Georgia                                     2 June 1994 a/    2 July 1994
Germany              26 January 1990        6 March 1992      5 April 1992
Ghana                29 January 1990        5 February 1990   2 Sept. 1990
           
Greece               26 January 1990        11 May 1993       10 June 1993
Grenada              21 February 1990       5 November 1990   5 December 1990
Guatemala            26 January 1990        6 June 1990       2 Sept. 1990
Guinea                                      13 July 1990 a/   2 Sept. 1990
Guinea-Bissau        26 January 1990        20 August 1990    19 Sept. 1990

Guyana               30 September 1990      14 January 1991   13 Feb. 1991
Haiti                26 January 1990        8 June 1995       8 July 1995
Holy See             20 April 1990          20 April 1990     2 Sept. 1990
Honduras             31 May 1990            10 August 1990    9 Sept. 1990
Hungary              14 March 1990          7 October 1991    6 November 1991

Iceland              26 January 1990        28 October 1992   27 Nov. 1992
India                                       11 Dec. 1992 a/   11 January 1993
Indonesia            26 January 1990        5 September 1990  5 October 1990
Iran (Islamic
  Republic of)       5 September 1991       13 July 1994      12 August 1994
Iraq                                        15 June 1994 a/   15 July 1994

Ireland              30 September 1990      28 September 1992 28 October 1992
Israel               3 July 1990            3 October 1991    2 November 1991
Italy                26 January 1990        5 September 1991  5 October 1991
Jamaica              26 January 1990        14 May 1991       13 June 1991
Japan                21 September 1990      22 April 1994     22 May 1994

Jordan               29 August 1990         24 May 1991       23 June 1991
Kazakstan            16 February 1994       12 August 1994    11 Sept. 1994
Kenya                26 January 1990        30 July 1990      2 Sept. 1990
Kiribati                                    11 Dec. 1995 a/   10 January 1996
Kuwait               7 June 1990            21 October 1991   20 Nov. 1991

Kyrgyzstan                                  7 October 1994    6 November 1994
Lao People's
  Democratic
  Republic                                  8 May 1991 a/     7 June 1991
Latvia                                      14 April 1992 a/  14 May 1992
Lebanon              26 January 1990        14 May 1991       13 June 1991
Lesotho              21 August 1990         10 March 1992     9 April 1992

Liechtenstein        30 September 1990      22 December 1995  21 Jan. 1996
Liberia              26 April 1990          4 June 1993       4 July 1993
Libyan Arab
  Jamahiriya                                15 April 1993 a/  15 May 1993
Lithuania                                   31 Jan. 1992 a/   1 March 1992
Luxembourg           21 March 1990          7 March 1994      6 April 1994

Madagascar           19 April 1990          19 March 1991     18 April 1991
Malawi                                      2 Jan. 1991 a/    1 February 1991
Malaysia                                    17 Feb. 1995 a/   19 March 1995
Maldives             21 August 1990         11 February 1991  13 March 1991
Mali                 26 January 1990        20 Sept. 1990     20 October 1990

Malta                26 January 1990        30 September 1990 30 October 1990
Marshall Islands     14 April 1993          4 October 1993    3 November 1993
Mauritania           26 January 1990        16 May 1991       15 June 1991
Mauritius                                   26 July 1990 a/   2 Sept. 1990
Mexico               26 January 1990        21 September 1990 21 October 1990

Micronesia
  (Federated
  States of)                                5 May 1993 a/     4 June 1993
Monaco                                      21 June 1993 a/   21 July 1993
Mongolia             26 January 1990        5 July 1990       2 Sept. 1990
Morocco              26 January 1990        21 June 1993      21 July 1993
Mozambique           30 September 1990      26 April 1994     26 May 1994

Myanmar                                     15 July 1991 a/   14 August 1991
Namibia              26 September 1990      30 September 1990 30 October 1990
Nauru                                       27 July 1994 a/   26 August 1994
Nepal                26 January 1990        14 September 1990 14 October 1990
Netherlands          26 January 1990        6 February 1995   7 March 1995

New Zealand          1 October 1990         6 April 1993      6 May 1993
Nicaragua            6 February 1990        5 October 1990    4 November 1990
Niger                26 January 1990        30 September 1990 30 October 1990
Nigeria              26 January 1990        19 April 1991     19 May 1991
Niue                                        20 Dec. 1995 a/   19 January 1996

Norway               26 January 1990        8 January 1991    7 February 1991
Pakistan             20 September 1990      12 November 1990  12 December 1990
Palau                                       4 August 1995 a/  3 September 1995
Panama               26 January 1990        12 December 1990  11 January 1991
Papua New Guinea     30 September 1990      1 March 1993      31 March 1993

Paraguay             4 April 1990           25 September 1990 25 October 1990
Peru                 26 January 1990        4 September 1990  4 October 1990
Philippines          26 January 1990        21 August 1990    20 Sept. 1990
Poland               26 January 1990        7 June 1991       7 July 1991
Portugal             26 January 1990        21 September 1990 21 October 1990

Qatar                8 December 1992        3 April 1995      3 May 1995
Republic of Korea    25 September 1990      20 November 1991  20 December 1991
Republic of Moldova                         26 Jan. 1993 a/   25 February 1993
Romania              26 January 1990        28 September 1990 28 October 1990
Russian Federation   26 January 1990        16 August 1990    15 Sept. 1990

Rwanda               26 January 1990        24 January 1991   23 February 1991
Saint Kitts and
  Nevis              26 January 1990        24 July 1990      2 September 1990
Saint Lucia                                 16 June 1993 a/   16 July 1993
Saint Vincent and
  the Grenadines     20 September 1993      26 October 1993   25 November 1993
Samoa                30 September 1990      29 November 1994  29 December 1994

San Marino                                  25 Nov. 1991 a/   25 December 1991
Sao Tome and
  Principe                                  14 May 1991 a/    13 June 1991
Saudi Arabia                                26 Jan. 1996 a/   25 February 1996
Senegal              26 January 1990        31 July 1990      2 September 1990
Seychelles                                  7 Sept. 1990 a/   7 October 1990

Sierra Leone         13 February 1990       18 June 1990      2 September 1990
Singapore                                   5 October 1995 a/ 4 November 1995
Slovakia b/                                                   1 January 1993
Slovenia b/                                                   25 June 1991
Solomon Islands                             10 April 1995     10 May 1995

South Africa         29 January 1993        16 June 1995      16 July 1995
Spain                26 January 1990        6 December 1990   5 January 1991
Sri Lanka                  26 January 1990        12 July 1991      11 August
1991
Sudan                24 July 1990           3 August 1990     2 September 1990
Suriname             26 January 1990        1 March 19933     1 March 1993

Swaziland            22 August 1990         7 September 1995  6 October 1995
Sweden               26 January 1990        29 June 1990      2 September 1990
Switzerland          1 May 1991
Syrian Arab Republic 18 September 1990      15 July 1993      14 August 1993
Tajikistan                                  26 Oct. 1993 a/   25 November 1993
Thailand                                    27 March 1992 a/  26 April 1992

The former Yugoslav
  Republic of
  Macedonia b/                                                17 Sept. 1991
Togo                 26 January 1990        1 August 1990     2 September 1990
Tonga                                       6 Nov. 1995 a/    6 December 1995
Trinidad and Tobago  30 September 1990      5 December 1991   4 January 1992
Tunisia              26 February 1990       30 January 1992   29 February 1992

Turkey               14 September 1990      4 April 1995      4 May 1995
Turkmenistan                                20 Sept. 1993 a/  19 October 1993
Tuvalu                                      22 Sept. 1995 a/  21 October 1995
Uganda               17 August 1990         17 August 1990    16 Sept. 1990
Ukraine              21 February 1991       28 August 1991    27 Sept. 1991

United Kingdom of
  Great Britain and
  Northern Ireland   19 April 1990          16 December 1991  15 January 1992
United Republic
  of Tanzania        1 June 1990            10 June 1991      10 July 1991
United States
  of America         16 February 1995
Uruguay              26 January 1990        20 November 1990  20 December 1990
Uzbekistan                                  29 June 1994 a/   29 July 1994
Vanuatu              30 September 1990      7 July 1993       6 August 1993

Venezuela            26 January 1990        13 September 1990 13 October 1990
Viet Nam             26 January 1990        28 February 1990  2 September 1990
Yemen                13 February 1990       1 May 1991        31 May 1991
Yugoslavia           26 January 1990        3 January 1991    2 February 1991
Zaire                20 March 1990          27 September 1990 27 October 1990

Zambia               30 September 1990      5 December 1991   5 January 1992
Zimbabwe             8 March 1990           11 September 1990 11 October 1990


                                         Notes

     a/    Accession.

     b/    Succession.


                                         -----
 

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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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