United Nations

A/51/3


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

10 September 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                    A/51/3 (Part II)
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session


         REPORT OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL FOR THE YEAR 1996*

(*   The present document is part II of the preliminary version of the
report of the Economic and Social Council for 1996.  The final report
will be issued as Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-
first session, Supplement No. 3 (A/51/3/Rev.1).

     The resolutions and decisions will be issued in final form in
Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996, Supplement
No. 1 (E/1996/96).)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------
      The report of the Council for the year 1996 is being issued in
three parts and in a new format.  Part I contains the foreword by the
President of the Council and chapters I-IV, relating to the high-
level, coordination and operational activities segments of the work of
the Council.  Part II contains chapters V-VII, which cover the general
segment, elections and organizational matters.  Part III contains the
annexes to the report.  The section of the report of the Council
relating to the resumed substantive session of 1996 will be issued as
part IV.  

      The resolutions and decisions adopted by the Council are included
in the relevant section of the report, corresponding to the agenda
item under which they were adopted, as are the summary of the
President on the high-level segment (chapter II) and the agreed
conclusions of the coordination segment (chapter III). 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                   CONTENTS

Chapter                                                               Page

      Foreword by the President of the Economic and Social Council*          
      (*  Contained in part I of the report.)
   
  I.  MATTERS CALLING FOR ACTION BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OR BROUGHT TO 
      ITS ATTENTION*                                                         
      (*  Contained in part I of the report.)

II.   HIGH-LEVEL SEGMENT:  INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGAINST THE 
      ILLICIT PRODUCTION, SALE, DEMAND, TRAFFIC AND DISTRIBUTION OF 
      NARCOTICS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES AND RELATED ACTIVITIES*          
      (*  Contained in part I of the report.)

III.  COORDINATION SEGMENT:  COORDINATION OF THE POLICIES AND ACTIVITIES 
      OF THE SPECIALIZED AGENCIES AND OTHER BODIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS 
      SYSTEM*
      (*  Contained in part I of the report.)

IV.   OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES SEGMENT:  OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF THE 
      UNITED NATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION*              
      (*  Contained in part I of the report.)

 V.   GENERAL SEGMENT ..................................................    6

      A. Social, humanitarian and human rights questions ...............    6

         1.   Special economic, humanitarian and disaster relief
              assistance ...............................................    6

         2.   Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Third
              Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination ........   10

         3.   Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
              Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the
              specialized agencies and the international institutions
              associated with the United Nations .......................   10

         4.   Human rights questions ...................................   15

         5.   Advancement of women .....................................   39

         6.   Social development questions .............................   54

         7.   Crime prevention and criminal justice ....................   65

         8.   Narcotic drugs ...........................................  104

         9.   United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ............  124

      B. Economic and environmental questions ..........................  124

         1.   Sustainable development ..................................  125

         2.   Trade and development ....................................  131

         3.   Food and agricultural development ........................  131

         4.   Natural resources ........................................  132

         5.   Energy ...................................................  138

         6.   Population questions .....................................  143

         7.   International cooperation in tax matters .................  147

         8.   International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction ......  148

         9.   Follow-up to General Assembly resolution 50/106:  business
              and development ..........................................  151

      C. Regional cooperation in the economic, social and related
         fields ........................................................  155

      D. Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied
         Palestinian and other Arab territories ........................  162

      E. Coordination questions ........................................  164

         1.   Reports of coordination bodies ...........................  165

         2.   International cooperation in the field of informatics ....  165

         3.   Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
              Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome   168

      F. Non-governmental organizations ................................  171

      G. Programme and related questions in the economic, social and
          related fields ...............................................  188

      H. New and innovative ideas for generating funds .................  190

VI.   ELECTIONS, APPOINTMENTS, NOMINATIONS AND CONFIRMATIONS ...........  193

VII.  ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS ...........................................  205

      A. Action taken by the Council ...................................  205

      B. Proceedings ...................................................  220

         1.   Bureau of the Council ....................................  220

         2.   Agenda of the organizational session for 1996 of the 
              Council ..................................................  220

         3.   Basic programme of work of the Council ...................  221

         4.   Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
              Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome   222

         5.   Increase in the membership of the Executive Committee
              of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner
              for Refugees .............................................  222

         6.   Transformation of the Committee on Food Aid Policies
              and Programmes into the Executive Board of the World
              Food Programme ........................................... 223

         7.   Regional cooperation in the economic, social and related
              fields ................................................... 223

         8.   Public administration and development .................... 223

         9.   Report of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations
              on its resumed 1995 session .............................. 223

         10.  World Commission on Culture and Development .............. 223

         11.  Enlargement of the membership of the Executive Committee
              of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner
              for Refugees ............................................. 224

         12.  Accreditation of non-governmental organizations to the
              United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
              (Habitat II) ............................................. 224

         13.  Agenda of the substantive session of 1996 of the Council . 225

         14.  Participation of intergovernmental organizations in the
              work of the Economic and Social Council .................. 225

         15.  Requests by non-governmental organizations for hearings .. 225

         16.  Resumption of the substantive session of 1996 of the
              Council .................................................. 225

LIST OF THE RESOLUTIONS AND DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE COUNCIL IN 1996 ... 226

                                   Annexes**
     (**   The annexes are contained in part III of the present report. )

 I.   Agendas of the organizational session for 1996 and the
      substantive session of 1996                                       

II.   Composition of the Council and its subsidiary and related bodies 

III.  Intergovernmental organizations designated by the Council under
      rule 79 of the rules of procedure for participation in the
      deliberations of the Council on questions within the scope of
      their activities                                      


                                   Chapter V

                                GENERAL SEGMENT


              A.  Social, humanitarian and human rights questions

1.   At its substantive session, the Council considered social,
humanitarian and human rights questions (agenda item 5).  It had
before it a letter dated 3 July 1996 from the Charge' d'affaires a.i.
of the Permanent Mission of Yugoslavia to the United Nations addressed
to the Secretary-General (A/51/203-E/1996/86).


       1.  Special economic, humanitarian and disaster relief assistance

                                 INTRODUCTION

2.   At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
special economic, humanitarian and disaster relief assistance (agenda
item 5 (a)) at its 41st, 42nd, 43rd, 45th and 50th meetings, on 19,
22, 23 and 25 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in
the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.41, 42, 43, 45 and 50).  It
had before it the following documents:  

     (a) Report of the Secretary-General on strengthening of the
coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United
Nations (A/51/172-E/1996/77);

     (b) Report of the Secretary-General on assistance for the
reconstruction and development of Lebanon (E/1996/65).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

3.   Under agenda item 5 (a), the Council adopted two resolutions and
one decision.


                                  Resolutions

1996/32.  Assistance for the reconstruction and development
          of Lebanon                                       

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling General Assembly decision 48/450 of 21 December 1993,

     Recalling its resolutions in which it called upon the specialized
agencies and other organizations and bodies of the United Nations
system to expand and intensify their programmes of assistance in
response to the urgent needs of Lebanon,

     Reaffirming its resolution 1995/42 of 27 July 1996,

     Aware of the magnitude of the requirements of Lebanon resulting
from the extensive destruction of its infrastructure, which is
impeding national rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts and
adversely affecting economic and social conditions,

     Reaffirming the pressing need to continue to assist the Government
of Lebanon in the reconstruction of the country and the recovery of
its human and economic potential,

     Expressing its appreciation of the efforts of the Secretary-
General in mobilizing assistance for Lebanon,

     1.  Appeals to all Member States and all organizations of the
United Nations system to intensify their efforts with a view to
considering an increase of all forms of support, including financial
grants and soft loans given for the reconstruction and development of
Lebanon; in particular, donor countries are requested to consider
playing a full part in the consultative group, on the reconstruction
and rehabilitation of Lebanon, to be established;

     2.  Calls upon all organizations and programmes of the United
Nations system to support governmental requirements for national
capacity-building and institutional renewal in the areas of social
reconstruction and development, environmental management, public
services provision, and support for private-sector development, and
for implementing priority field-based programmes in the rehabilitation
and reintegration of displaced persons and in the reconstruction and
development of Baalbeck-Hermel and the south Lebanon region;

     3.  Requests the Secretary-General to inform the Council at its
substantive session of 1997 of the progress achieved in the
implementation of the present resolution.

                                                          50th plenary meeting
                                                                  25 July 1996


1996/33.  Strengthening of the coordination of emergency
          humanitarian assistance of the United Nations 
  
     The Economic and Social Council,

     Reaffirming the guiding principles and coordinating mechanisms for
providing emergency humanitarian assistance as outlined in the annex
to General Assembly resolution 46/182 of 19 December 1991,

     Recalling other relevant Assembly resolutions, in particular its
resolutions 47/168 of 22 December 1992, 48/57 of 14 December 1993,
49/139 A of 20 December 1994 and 50/57 of 12 December 1995, and
Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/56 of 28 July 1995,

     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General,  1/

     1.  Requests the Secretary-General, in close cooperation with
relevant organizations of the United Nations system, to submit to the
Council, at its substantive session of 1997, a comprehensive
analytical report, including options, proposals and recommendations
for a review and strengthening of all aspects of the capacity of the
United Nations system for humanitarian assistance;

     2.  Calls upon the Inter-Agency Standing Committee to adopt clear
work plans and timetables for the working groups established in the
follow-up to Council resolution 1995/56 in order that the Secretary-
General may have sufficient time to consider their recommendations;

     3.  Urges all relevant organizations of the United Nations system
to actively participate in the follow-up process established for
Council resolution 1995/56;

     4.  Also urges the governing bodies of the relevant agencies to
complete their consideration of the follow-up to Council resolution
1995/56 in good time, no later than their first regular sessions of
1997, in order that the Secretary-General may have sufficient time to
consider their recommendations;

     5.  Calls upon the Department of Humanitarian Affairs of the
United Nations Secretariat to provide a conference room paper on the
status of the discussions of the working groups of the Inter-Agency
Standing Committee prior to each meeting of the governing bodies of
the agencies, funds and programmes at which the follow-up to Council
resolution 1995/56 is to be discussed so that governing body
discussions can build on each other and on the work of the
Inter-Agency Standing Committee;

     6.  Encourages Governments to ensure coherence in the direction
given to the governing bodies of relevant agencies, organizations,
funds and programmes of the United Nations system with the aim of
improving the coordination and effectiveness of humanitarian
assistance in the United Nations system;

     7.  Calls upon the Department of Humanitarian Affairs, in this
context, to continue to convene regular, informal and open-ended
information meetings with Member States, observer States and relevant
intergovernmental and other organizations on the review of the above-
mentioned issues so as to ensure that they are coherently addressed
and appropriately reflected in the report of the Secretary-General.

                                                          50th plenary meeting
                                                                  25 July 1996


                                   Decision

1996/237.  Reports considered by the Economic and Social
           Council under special economic, humanitarian 
           and disaster relief assistance               

     At its 42nd plenary meeting, on 19 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the following reports:

     (a) Oral reports by the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian
Affairs on assistance for the reconstruction of Madagascar following
the natural disasters of 1994 and on assistance for humanitarian
relief and the economic and social rehabilitation of Somalia;  2/

     (b) Oral report by the representative of the United Nations
Development Programme on provision of assistance for the repair of war
damage in the Republic of Yemen; 2/

     (c) Oral report by the representative of the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees on assistance to refugees,
returnees and displaced persons in Africa; 2/

     (d) Oral report by the representative of the United Nations
Development Programme on assistance to the drought-stricken areas of
Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, the Sudan and Uganda; 2/

     (e)  Report of the Secretary-General on assistance for the
reconstruction and development of Lebanon.  3/


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Assistance for the reconstruction and development of Lebanon

4.   At the 43rd meeting, on 22 July, the representative of Lebanon, on
behalf of Algeria,  4/ Argentina, Brazil, China, Egypt, France,
Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Paraguay, Poland, the
Syrian Arab Republic, 4/ Tunisia, Uganda and the United States of
America, introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.28) entitled
"Assistance for the reconstruction and development of Lebanon". 
Subsequently, Cuba, 4/ Papua New Guinea, 4/ Romania and the Sudan
joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.

5.   At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the representative of Lebanon
orally revised the draft resolution on behalf of the sponsors.

6.   The Council then adopted the draft resolution, as orally revised. 
See Council resolution 1996/32 (para. 3 above).

7.   After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of
Lebanon made a statement.

Strengthening of the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance
of the United Nations

8.   At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the representative of Ireland, on
behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of
the European Union, Argentina, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, the Czech
Republic, Japan, Norway, 4/ Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation,
Slovakia, 4/ Switzerland, 4/ and the United States of America,
introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.33) entitled "Strengthening of
the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United
Nations".  Subsequently, Belarus joined in sponsoring the draft
resolution.

9.   At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1996/33 (para. 3 above).

10.  After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of
Ireland made a statement on behalf of the States Members of the United
Nations that are members of the European Union.


2.  Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Third
    Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination      

                                 INTRODUCTION

11.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
the implementation of the Programme of Action for the Third Decade to
Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (agenda item 5 (b)) at its
46th meeting, on 23 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is
contained in the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.46).  It had
before it the report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of
the Programme of Action for the Third Decade to Combat Racism and
Racial Discrimination (E/1996/83). 


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

12.  Under agenda item 5 (b), the Council adopted one decision.


                                   Decision

1996/251.  Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation
           of the Programme of Action for the Third Decade to   
           Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination              

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of the Programme of Action for the Third Decade to
Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination.  5/


3.  Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting
    of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
    by the specialized agencies and the international
    institutions associated with the United Nations  

                                 INTRODUCTION

13.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence
to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the
international institutions associated with the United Nations (agenda
item 5 (c)) at its 44th, 46th, 50th and 51st meetings, on 22, 23, 25
and 26 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.44, 46, 50 and 51).  It had before
it the following documents:

     (a)  Letter dated 6 June 1996 from the Chairman of the Committee
on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People
addressed to the Secretary-General (A/51/166-E/1996/67);

     (b)  Report of the Secretary-General on assistance to the
Palestinian people (A/51/171-E/1996/75);

     (c)  Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples by the specialized agencies and the international institutions
associated with the United Nations (A/51/212);

     (d)  Report of the President of the Council on consultations held
with the Chairman of the Special Committee on the Situation with
regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (E/1996/85).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

14.  Under agenda item 5 (c), the Council adopted one resolution and
one decision.


                                  Resolution

1996/37.  Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting
          of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
          by the specialized agencies and the international
          institutions associated with the United Nations  

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Having examined the report of the Secretary-General  6/ and
the report of the President of the Economic and Social Council on
consultations held with the Chairman of the Special Committee on the
Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the
Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,  7/

     Having heard the statement by the Acting Chairman of the Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples,  8/

     Recalling General Assembly resolutions 1514 (XV) of 14 December
1960 and 1541 (XV) of 15 December 1960, resolutions of the Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples, and other relevant resolutions and decisions, including in
particular Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/58 of 28 July
1995,

     Bearing in mind the relevant provisions of the final documents of
the successive Conferences of Heads of State or Government of Non-
Aligned Countries and of the resolutions adopted by the Assembly of
Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity,
the South Pacific Forum and the Caribbean Community,

     Conscious of the need to facilitate the implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples,

     Noting that the large majority of the remaining Non-Self-Governing
Territories are small island Territories,

     Welcoming the assistance extended to Non-Self-Governing
Territories by certain specialized agencies and other organizations of
the United Nations system, in particular the United Nations
Development Programme,

     Stressing that, because the development options of small island
Non-Self-Governing Territories are limited, there are special
challenges to planning for and implementing sustainable development
and that those Territories will be constrained in meeting the
challenges without the continued cooperation and assistance of the
specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations
system,

     Stressing the importance of securing necessary resources for
funding expanded assistance programmes for the peoples concerned and
the need to enlist the support of all major funding institutions
within the United Nations system in that regard,

     Reaffirming the mandates of the specialized agencies and other
organizations of the United Nations system to take all the appropriate
measures, within their respective spheres of competence, to ensure the
full implementation of General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) and other
relevant resolutions,

     Expressing its appreciation to the Organization of African Unity,
the South Pacific Forum, the Caribbean Community and other regional
organizations for the continued cooperation and assistance they have
extended to the specialized agencies and other organizations of the
United Nations system in this regard,

     Expressing its conviction that closer contacts and consultations
between and among the specialized agencies and other organizations of
the United Nations system and regional organizations help to
facilitate the effective formulation of assistance programmes to the
peoples concerned,

     Mindful of the imperative need to keep under continuous review the
activities of the specialized agencies and other organizations of the
United Nations system in the implementation of the various United
Nations decisions relating thereto,

     Bearing in mind the extremely fragile economies of the Non-Self-
Governing small island Territories and their vulnerability to natural
disasters, such as hurricanes, cyclones and sea level rise, and
recalling other relevant General Assembly resolutions,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 50/34 of 6 December 1995 on
cooperation and coordination of the specialized agencies and the
international institutions associated with the United Nations in their
assistance to Non-Self-Governing Territories,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the President of the Economic and
Social Council on his consultations with the Chairman of the Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples and endorses the observations and suggestions arising
therefrom;

     2.  Also takes note of the report of the Secretary-General;

     3.  Recommends that all States intensify their efforts in the
specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations
system to ensure implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples and other relevant
resolutions of the United Nations;

     4.  Reaffirms that the specialized agencies and other
organizations and institutions of the United Nations system should
continue to be guided by the relevant resolutions of the United
Nations in their efforts to contribute to the implementation of the
Declaration and all other relevant General Assembly resolutions;

     5.  Reaffirms also that the recognition by the General Assembly,
the Security Council and other United Nations organs of the legitimacy
of the aspirations of the peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories to
exercise their right to self-determination entails, as a corollary,
the extension of all appropriate assistance to those peoples;

     6.  Expresses its appreciation to those specialized agencies and
other organizations of the United Nations system that have continued
to cooperate with the United Nations and the regional and subregional
organizations in the implementation of General Assembly resolution
1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions of the United Nations, and
requests all the specialized agencies and other organizations of the
United Nations system to implement the relevant provisions of those
resolutions;

     7.  Requests the specialized agencies and other organizations of
the United Nations system and international and regional organizations
to examine and review conditions in each Territory so as to take
appropriate measures to accelerate progress in the economic and social
sectors of the Territories;

     8.  Requests the specialized agencies and the international
institutions associated with the United Nations and regional
organizations to strengthen existing measures of support and formulate
appropriate programmes of assistance to the remaining Non-Self-
Governing Territories, within the framework of their respective
mandates, in order to accelerate progress in the economic and social
sectors of those Territories;

     9.  Recommends that the executive heads of the specialized
agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system
formulate, with the active cooperation of the regional organizations
concerned, concrete proposals for the full implementation of the
relevant resolutions of the United Nations and submit the proposals to
their governing and legislative organs;

     10. Also recommends that the specialized agencies and other
organizations of the United Nations system continue to review at the
regular meetings of their governing bodies the implementation of
General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions
of the United Nations;

     11. Welcomes the continued initiative exercised by the United
Nations Development Programme in maintaining close liaison among the
specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations
system and in providing assistance to the peoples of Non-Self-
Governing Territories;

     12. Encourages Non-Self-Governing Territories to take steps to
establish and/or strengthen disaster preparedness and management
institutions and policies;

     13. Requests the administering Powers concerned to facilitate the
participation of appointed and elected representatives of Non-Self-
Governing Territories in the relevant meetings and conferences of the
agencies and organizations so that the Territories may benefit from
the related activities of the specialized agencies and other
organizations of the United Nations system;

     14. Recommends that all Governments intensify their efforts in
the specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations
system of which they are members to ensure the full and effective
implementation of General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) and other
relevant resolutions of the United Nations and, in that connection,
accord priority to the question of providing assistance to the peoples
of the Non-Self-Governing Territories;

     15. Draws the attention of the Special Committee on the Situation
with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting
of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples to the present
resolution and to the discussion held on the subject at the
substantive session of 1996 of the Economic and Social Council;

     16. Requests the President of the Economic and Social Council to
continue to maintain close contact on these matters with the Chairman
of the Special Committee and to report thereon to the Council;

     17. Requests the Secretary-General to follow the implementation
of the present resolution, paying particular attention to cooperation
and integration arrangements for maximizing the efficiency of the
assistance activities undertaken by various organizations of the
United Nations system, and to report thereon to the Council at its
substantive session of 1997;

     18. Decides to keep these questions under continuous review.

                                                          51st plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                   Decision

1996/252.  Report of the Secretary-General on assistance
           to the Palestinian people                    

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the report of the Secretary-General on
assistance to the Palestinian people.  9/


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to
Colonial Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the
international institutions associated with the United Nations

15.  At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the observer for Papua New
Guinea, 4/ also on behalf of Cuba, 4/ introduced a draft resolution
(E/1996/L.42) entitled "Implementation of the Declaration on the
Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the
specialized agencies and the international institutions associated
with the United Nations".  Subsequently, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab
Republic 4/ and the United Republic of Tanzania joined in sponsoring
the draft resolution.

16.  At the 51st meeting, on 26 July, at the request of the
representative  of the United States of America, the Council voted on
draft resolution E/1996/L.42.  The draft resolution was adopted by a
recorded vote of 29 to none, with 20 abstentions.  See Council
resolution 1996/37 (para. 14 above).  The voting was as
follows:  10/

     In favour:   Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Central African
                  Republic, China, Colombia, Congo, Co^te d'Ivoire,
                  Egypt, Gabon, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Jamaica,
                  Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Nicaragua, Pakistan,
                  Paraguay, Philippines, Senegal, South Africa,
                  Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of
                  Tanzania, Venezuela.

     Against:     None.

     Abstaining:
     Belarus, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, France,
     Germany, Greece, Ireland, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland,
     Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom of
     Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America,
     Zimbabwe.  11/

17.  After the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by
the representatives of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland, the Russian Federation, the United States of America
and Portugal.


                          4.  Human rights questions

                                 INTRODUCTION

18.  At its substantive session, the Council considered human rights
questions (agenda item 5 (d)) at its 44th, 46th, 47th, 50th and 51st
meetings, from 22 to 26 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is
contained in the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.44, 46, 47, 50
and 51).  It had before it the following documents:

     (a) Report of the Committee on the Rights of the Child
(A/51/41);  12/ 

     (b)  Report of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights on its twelfth and thirteenth sessions (E/1996/22);  13/ 

     (c)  Excerpt from the report of the Commission on Human Rights on
its fifty-second session (E/1996/L.18 and Add.1);  14/ 

     (d)  Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights (E/1996/87).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

19.  Under agenda item 5 (d), the Council adopted six resolutions and
43 decisions:


                                  Resolutions

          1996/21.  Question of human rights and states of emergency

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/36 of
19 April 1996  15/ and resolution 1995/33 of 24 August 1995 of
the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities,  16/

     1.  Approves the request of the Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities to the Special Rapporteur
on human rights and states of emergency, Mr. Leandro Despouy, to
fulfil his mandate, notably relating to the updating of the lists of
States that have proclaimed, extended or terminated a state of
emergency, the submission of conclusions and recommendations
concerning non-derogable rights in states or situations of emergency,
and the continuation of his consultations on the establishment of a
database on states of emergency and related human rights questions;

     2.  Requests the Secretary-General to provide the Special
Rapporteur with the necessary human and material resources to fulfil
his mandate.

                                                          46th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


1996/22.  Question of a draft optional protocol to the Convention
          against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading  
          Treatment or Punishment                                

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/37 of
19 April 1996, 15/

     1.  Authorizes an open-ended working group of the Commission on
Human Rights to meet for a period of two weeks prior to the fifty-
third session of the Commission in order to continue the elaboration
of a draft optional protocol to the Convention against Torture and
Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;  17/

     2.  Requests the Secretary-General to extend to the working group
all the necessary facilities for its meetings and to transmit the
report of the working group  18/ to Governments, the specialized
agencies, the chairpersons of the human rights treaty bodies and the
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations concerned.

                                                          46th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


1996/23.  Working Group of the Commission on Human Rights
          to elaborate a draft declaration in accordance 
          with paragraph 5 of General Assembly resolution
          49/214                                         

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/38 of
19 April 1996, 15/

     1.  Authorizes the open-ended inter-sessional Working Group of
the Commission on Human Rights established in accordance with
Commission resolution 1995/32 of 3 March 1995  19/ to meet for a
period of ten working days prior to the fifty-third session of the
Commission, the costs of the meeting to be met from within existing
resources;

     2.  Requests the Secretary-General to extend all necessary
facilities, within existing United Nations resources, to the Working
Group for its meetings.

                                                          46th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


           1996/24.  Protection of the heritage of indigenous people

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/63 of
23 April 1996 15/ and resolution 1995/40 of 25 August 1995 of the
Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities, 16/

     1.  Requests the Secretary-General to transmit the final report
of the Special Rapporteur on the protection of the heritage of
indigenous people, Mrs. Erica-Irene A. Daes, with its annex, as soon
as possible to Governments, specialized agencies, indigenous people's
communities and organizations and the intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations concerned, for their comments;

     2.  Requests the Special Rapporteur to prepare a supplementary
report on the basis of the comments and information received from
Governments, indigenous people's communities and other organizations
concerned and to include in it a chapter concerning relevant
activities undertaken in other forums, such as the United Nations
Development Programme, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations, the World Intellectual Property Organization and the
World Trade Organization, and to take into consideration, inter alia,
the Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Convention
to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious
Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa and other
relevant international instruments;

     3.  Also requests the Special Rapporteur to submit her
supplementary report to the Subcommission at its forty-eighth session;

     4.  Requests the Secretary-General to provide the Special
Rapporteur with all the necessary assistance to enable her to carry
out her mandate and to complete the study successfully;

     5.  Decides that the basic and comprehensive study prepared by
the Special Rapporteur on the protection of the cultural and
intellectual property of indigenous people  20/ shall be
published in all official languages and disseminated widely.

                                                          46th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


1996/25.  Question of a draft declaration on the right and
          responsibility of individuals, groups and organs
          of society to promote and protect universally   
          recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/81 of
23 April 1996, 15/

     1.  Authorizes an open-ended working group of the Commission on
Human Rights to meet for a period of one week prior to the fifty-third
session of the Commission in order to continue work on the elaboration
of a draft declaration on the right and responsibility of individuals,
groups and organs of society to promote and protect universally
recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms;

     2.  Requests the Secretary-General to extend all necessary
facilities, within existing United Nations resources, to the working
group for its meetings.

                                                          46th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


1996/38.  Follow-up to the International Covenant on
          Economic, Social and Cultural Rights      

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling its resolution 1988 (LX) of 11 May 1976, by which it
noted the important responsibilities placed upon the Economic and
Social Council by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights,  21/ in particular those resulting from
articles 21 and 22, and expressed its readiness to fulfil those
responsibilities,

     Recalling its decision 1978/10 of 3 May 1978, by which it decided
to establish a sessional working group on the implementation of the
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,

     Recalling also its resolutions 1979/43 of 11 May 1979 and 1982/33
of 6 May 1982 and its decision 1981/158 of 8 May 1981,

     Recalling further its resolution 1985/17 of 28 May 1985, by which
it reviewed the composition, organization and administrative
arrangements of the Sessional Working Group of Governmental Experts on
the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social
and Cultural Rights and established the Committee on Economic, Social
and Cultural Rights,

     Having taken into account the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action of the World Conference on Human Rights,  22/ which
reaffirmed that all human rights are universal, indivisible,
interdependent and interrelated and that the international community
must treat them globally in a fair and equal manner, on the same
footing, and with the same emphasis,

     Aware of the provisions of article 29 of the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,

     Noting that the provisions concerning the follow-up and monitoring
of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
are not consistent with those in other human rights treaties,

     Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Economic and
Social Council, at its resumed substantive session of 1996, a report
on the legal procedure necessary to bring the Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights in line with other similar human rights
treaty bodies.

                                                          51st plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                   Decisions

1996/253.  Reports considered by the Economic and Social
           Council under human rights questions         

     At its 46th meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council took note of the following reports:

     (a)  Report of the Committee on the Rights of the Child;  23/

     (b)  Report of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights on its twelfth and thirteenth sessions;  24/

      (c)  Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human 
Rights.  25/


                1996/254.  Situation of human rights in Burundi

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/1 of 27 March 1996: 15/

     (a) Approved the Commission's decision to extend the mandate of
the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Burundi for
one year;

     (b) Endorsed the Commission's request to the Special Rapporteur
to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session and to
the Commission on Human Rights at its fifty-third session.


           1996/255.  Implementation of the Programme of Action for
                      the Third Decade to Combat Racism and Racial 
                      Discrimination                               

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/8 of 11 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General:

     (a) To publish and distribute as soon as possible the model
legislation on racism and racial discrimination for the guidance of
Governments in the enactment of further legislation against racial
discrimination;

     (b) To include the activities for the Third Decade not
implemented in the 1994-1995 biennial programme in the future
programme for the Decade and to provide the resources necessary for
it;

     (c) To ensure that the necessary financial resources are provided
for the implementation of the activities for the Third Decade during
the biennium 1996-1997.

     The Council requested the Secretary-General to take the necessary
measures to transmit to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session the results of his consultations with Member States and
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations on the
possibility of holding a world conference to combat racism, racial
discrimination, xenophobia and related contemporary forms of
intolerance.


        1996/256.  Question of the realization in all countries of the 
                   economic, social and cultural rights contained in   
                   the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the
                   International Covenant on Economic, Social and      
                   Cultural Rights, and study of special problems which
                   the developing countries face in their efforts to   
                   achieve these human rights                          

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/11 of 11 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's recommendation
to the Centre for Human Rights to convene, as a follow-up to the
seminar on appropriate indicators to measure achievements in the
progressive realization of economic, social and cultural rights, held
in 1993, expert seminars focused on specific economic, social and
cultural rights with a view to clarifying the particular content of
those rights.


        1996/257.  Effects on the full enjoyment of human rights of the
                   economic adjustment policies arising from foreign   
                   debt and, in particular, on the implementation of   
                   the Declaration on the Right to Development         

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/12 of 11 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General to establish a programme unit in the Centre for
Human Rights for the promotion of economic, social and cultural
rights, in particular those related to the debt burden of developing
countries and the implementation of the right to development.


                      1996/258.  The right to development

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/15 of 11 April 1996, 15/ decided:

     (a) To consider, in the ongoing discussions on its reform, how
best to promote system-wide action to promote and protect the right to
development, for example including it for its consideration and
conveying its conclusions to relevant international bodies, including
the Bretton Woods institutions;

     (b) To deepen the review of all issues relevant to the
implementation of the right to development, including the promotion of
a favourable international and national economic environment.

     The Council endorsed the Commission's decision to establish an
intergovernmental group of experts with a mandate to elaborate a
strategy for the implementation and promotion of the right to
development, as set forth in the Declaration on the Right to
Development, in its integrated and multidimensional aspects, bearing
in mind the conclusions of the Working Group on the Right to
Development, established by the Commission on Human Rights in
resolution 1993/22 of 4 March 1993,  26/ and the conclusions of
the World Conference on Human Rights and the United Nations Conference
on Environment and Development, the International Conference on
Population and Development, the World Summit for Social Development
and the Fourth World Conference on Women.

     The Council approved the Commission's decision that:

     (a) The working group should be established for a two-year
period;

     (b) The working group should elaborate concrete and practical
measures for the implementation and promotion of the right to
development and submit a progress report to the Commission on Human
Rights at its fifty-third session; the working group should focus on
the development of such a strategy, which should include
recommendations on further practical measures for implementation and
promotion, and report to the Commission at its fifty-fourth session;

     (c) The members of the working group should be appointed on the
basis of equitable geographical representation, in consultation with
the regional groups, and on the basis of their competence and acquired
experience in this field; and should be urged to accomplish their
mandate;

     (d) The working group should be composed of 10 experts, nominated
by Governments and appointed by the Chairman of the Commission on
Human Rights;

     (e) The working group experts should consult with the treaty
bodies and with the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
on all issues relevant to the implementation of the right to
development.


      1996/259.  Measures to combat contemporary forms of racism, racial
                 discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance     

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/21 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's decision to
extend for a period of three years the mandate of the Special
Rapporteur to examine incidents of contemporary forms of racism,
racial discrimination, any form of discrimination against Blacks,
Arabs and Muslims, among others, xenophobia, negrophobia,
anti-Semitism and related intolerance, as well as governmental
measures to overcome them, and to report on these matters on a yearly
basis to the Commission, beginning at its fifty-third session, and
approved the Commission's request that the Secretary-General provide
the Special Rapporteur with all the necessary assistance and resources
in carrying out his mandate.


      1996/260.  Implementation of the Declaration on the Elimination of
                 All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based   
                 on Religion or Belief                                  

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/23 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General to provide the Special Rapporteur on religious
intolerance with all necessary assistance to enable him to carry out
his mandate, to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at
its fifty-first session and to report to the Commission at its fifty-
third session.


             1996/261.  Human rights of persons with disabilities

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/27 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General to report biennially to the General Assembly on the
progress of efforts to ensure the full recognition and enjoyment of
the human rights of persons with disabilities.


                 1996/262.  Human rights and forensic science

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/31 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General:

     (a) To maintain and update the list of forensic experts and
experts in related fields who could be requested to help international
mechanisms in the field of human rights, Governments and the Centre
for Human Rights in providing technical and advisory services, advice
in regard to the monitoring of human rights violations and training of
local teams and/or assistance in the reunification of families of the
disappeared;

     (b) To provide appropriate resources, from within existing
overall United Nations resources, to fund the activities of the Centre
for Human Rights in implementing Commission resolution 1996/31.


      1996/263.  Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
                 or punishment                                          

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/33 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General:

     (a) To ensure strict and transparent project management rules for
the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture and to
arrange for the holding of annual information meetings open to all
Member States and organizations directly involved in the projects
supported by the Fund;

     (b) To ensure, within the overall budgetary framework of the
United Nations, the provision of an adequate and stable level of
staffing and technical facilities to ensure the efficient operation
and management of the Fund.


       1996/264.  Report of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations
                  of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination 
                  and Protection of Minorities                         

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/40 of 19 April 1996, 15/ authorized the Working Group on
Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities to meet for five working
days prior to the forty-eighth session of the Subcommission.


       1996/265.  National institutions for the promotion and protection
                  of human rights                                       

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/50 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General:

     (a) To continue to provide, from within existing resources, the
necessary assistance for holding meetings of the Coordinating
Committee created by national institutions at the second International
Workshop on National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of
Human Rights, held at Tunis from 13 to 17 December 1993, during the
sessions of the Commission on Human Rights, under the auspices of and
in cooperation with the Centre for Human Rights;

     (b) To convene, within existing resources, a fourth international
workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of
human rights, to be held, if possible, in Latin america during 1996 or
1997, and to invite Governments and intergovernmental organizations to
contribute to the Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the
Field of Human Rights for the purpose of financing, where necessary,
attendance by representatives of national institutions.


             1996/266.  Right to freedom of opinion and expression

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/53 of 19 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision that
the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection
of the right to freedom of opinion and expression should be renewed
for a period of three years.


       1996/267.  Assistance to States in strengthening the rule of law

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/56 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General to submit a report to the General Assembly at its
fifty-first session on the results of the contacts established in
accordance with paragraph 9 of that resolution, as well as on any
other developments pertaining to the implementation of the
recommendation of the World Conference on Human Rights referred to in
the penultimate preambular paragraph of the same resolution.


         1996/268.  Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/57 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
independent expert to report to the Commission on Human Rights at its
fifty-third session within his mandate, and also approved the
Commission's request to the Secretary-General to provide adequate
resources, from within the regular budget of the United Nations, to
fund the activities of the independent expert and the Centre for Human
Rights.


                 1996/269.  Situation of human rights in Haiti

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/58 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
independent expert to report to the Commission at its fifty-third
session on the development of the human rights situation in Haiti and
on the initiation of the technical cooperation programme in the area
of the human rights.


        1996/270.  Assistance to Guatemala in the field of human rights

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/59 of 19 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General to extend the mandate of the independent expert so
that she might continue to examine the situation of human rights in
Guatemala, taking into account the work of the United Nations Mission
for the Verification of Human Rights and of Compliance with the
Commitments of the Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights in
Guatemala, provide assistance to the Government in the field of human
rights, and submit to the Commission at its fifty-third session a
report, containing among other things, an evaluation of the measures
taken by the Government in accordance with the recommendations made to
it.


       1996/271.  Regional arrangements for the promotion and protection
                  of human rights in the Asia and Pacific region        

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/64 of 23 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General to establish, in accordance with the conclusions of
the fourth workshop on regional human rights arrangements in the Asia
and Pacific region, held in Kathmandu from 26 to 28 February 1996, an
open-ended team composed of representatives of interested Governments
of the region and the Centre for Human Rights, which could consult
with non-governmental organizations and national institutions to
ensure the effective preparation of the next workshop and to
facilitate the development of regional arrangements.


      1996/272.  Composition of the staff of the Centre for Human Rights

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/65 of 23 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General to submit a comprehensive report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session and to the Commission on Human
Rights at its fifty-third session on the implementation of Commission
resolution 1996/65, including measures adopted and their results, and
recommendations for improving the present situation.


           1996/273.  Situation of human rights in Equatorial Guinea

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/66 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision to
renew for one year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the
situation of human rights in Equatorial Guinea, and approved the
Commission's request to the Special Rapporteur to report to the
Commission at its fifty-third session.


           1996/274.  Human rights situation in southern Lebanon and
                      West Bekaa                                    

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/68 of 23 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General:

     (a) To bring the resolution to the attention of the Government of
Israel and to invite that Government to provide information concerning
the extent of its implementation thereof;

     (b) To report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session
and to the Commission on Human Rights at its fifty-third session on
the results of his efforts in that regard.


                 1996/275.  Situation of human rights in Cuba

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/69 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision to
extend for one year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the
situation of human rights in Cuba, and approved the Commission's
request to the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-first session and to report to the
Commission at its fifty-third session on the results of his endeavours
pursuant to Commission resolution 1996/69.


      1996/276.  Situation of human rights in the Republic of Bosnia and
                 Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal   
                 Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)         

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/71 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision:

     (a) To extend for one year the mandate of the expert for the
special process dealing with missing persons, and to request him to
continue to report to the Commission on this matter;

     (b) To extend for one year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur
on the situation of human rights in the territory of the former
Yugoslavia as revised in Commission resolution 1996/71.


                 1996/277.  Situation of human rights in Iraq

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/72 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision to
extend for a further year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the
situation of human rights in Iraq, as contained in Commission
resolutions 1991/74 of 6 March 1991, 1992/7? of 5 March 1992, 1993/74
of 10 March 1993, 1994/74 of 9 March 1994 and 1995/76 of 8 March 1995,
approved the Commission's requests to the Special Rapporteur to report
periodically to the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of
human rights in Iraq and to submit an interim report on the situation
of human rights in Iraq to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session and a report to the Commission at its fifty-third session, and
also approved the Commission's request to the Secretary-General to
provide appropriate additional resources, from within existing overall
United Nations resources, to fund the sending of human rights monitors
for the purpose set out in paragraph 8 of Commission resolution
1996/72.


               1996/278.  Situation of human rights in the Sudan

     At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/73 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision to
extend for an additional year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on
the situation of human rights in the Sudan, and approved the
Commission's request to the Special Rapporteur to report his findings
and recommendations to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session
and to the Commission at its fifty-third session.


           1996/279.  Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/74 of 23 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's invitation to
the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary
executions to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its
fifty-first session on the situation worldwide in regard to summary or
arbitrary executions and his recommendations for more effective action
to combat that phenomenon.


              1996/280.  Situation of human rights in Afghanistan

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/75 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision to
extend for one year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the
situation of human rights in Afghanistan, and approved the
Commission's request to the Special Rapporteur to report on the
situation of human rights in Afghanistan to the Commission at its
fifty-third session and to consider submitting a report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session.

                1996/281.  Situation of human rights in Rwanda

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/76 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision to
extend for an additional year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on
the situation of human rights in Rwanda, as set out in Commission
resolution S-3/1 of 25 May 1994, working in cooperation with the Human
Rights Field Operation in Rwanda, and approved the Commission's
request to the Special Rapporteur to make recommendations concerning
situations in which technical assistance might be appropriate and to
report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session and to the
Commission at its fifty-third session.


                 1996/282.  Situation of human rights in Zaire

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/77 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision to
extend for an additional year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on
the situation of human rights in Zaire, and approved the Commission's
request to the Special Rapporteur to submit to it at its fifty-third
session a report in which he should, inter alia, indicate how the
Government of Zaire had taken his recommendations into account.


          1996/283.  Comprehensive implementation of and follow-up to the
                     Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/78 of 23 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's recommendation
that the Council consider devoting the coordination segment of its
substantive session of 1998 to the question of the coordinated follow-
up to and implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action,  27/ as part of the 1998 five-year review described in
part II, paragraph 100, of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action.


                1996/284.  Situation of human rights in Nigeria

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/79 of 23 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
two thematic Special Rapporteurs who had requested a joint
investigative visit to Nigeria, to submit to the Commission at its
fifty-third session a joint report on their findings, along with any
observations of other relevant mechanisms, in particular the Working
Group on Arbitrary Detention, and also approved the Commission's
request to them to submit an interim report to the General Assembly.


                1996/285.  Situation of human rights in Myanmar

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/80 of 23 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's decision to
extend for one year the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the
situation of human rights in Myanmar to establish or continue direct
contacts with the Government and people of Myanmar, including
political leaders deprived of their liberty, their families and their
lawyers, and its request to him to report to the General Assembly at
its fifty-first session and to the Commission on Human Rights at its
fifty-third session.  The Council also approved the Commission's
request to the Secretary-General to give all necessary assistance to
the Special Rapporteur.


         1996/286.  Evaluation of the human rights programme of the United
                    Nations system, in accordance with the Vienna
                    Declaration and Programme of Action

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/83 of 24 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request to the
Secretary-General to continue to convene at least twice a year at
Geneva, meetings with all interested States to provide information and
exchange views on the activities conducted by the Centre for Human
Rights and its process of restructuring.


                1996/287.  Situation of human rights in the Islamic
                           Republic of Iran

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/84 of 24 April 1996, 15/ endorsed the Commission's decision to
extend for a further year the mandate of the Special Representative on
the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, as
contained in Commission resolution 1984/54 of 14 March 1984, 
28/ and approved the Commission's request to the Special
Representative to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at
its fifty-first session on the situation of human rights in the
Islamic Republic of Iran, including the situation of minority groups
such as the Baha'i's, and to report to the Commission at its fifty-
third session.


                        1996/288.  Rights of the child

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/85 of 24 April 1996, 15/ approved the Commission's request:

     (a) To the working group on a draft optional protocol to the
Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children
in armed conflicts to meet for a period of two weeks, or less if
possible, prior to the fifty-third session of the Commission, with a
view to finalizing the draft optional protocol;

     (b) To the Secretary-General to provide the Special Rapporteur on
the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography with
all necessary human and financial assistance, from within existing
resources, to make the full discharge of the mandate possible and to
enable her to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its
fifty-first session and a report to the Commission at its fifty-third
session;

     (c) To the working group on the question of a draft optional
protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of
children, child prostitution and child pornography to meet for a
period of two weeks, or less if possible, prior to the fifty-third
session of the Commission to pursue its mandate, with a view to
finalizing the draft optional protocol.


           1996/289.  Effects of structural adjustment programmes on the
                      full enjoyment of human rights

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights decision
1996/103 of 11 April 1996,  29/ and resolution 1995/32 of 24
August 1995 of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and
Protection of Minorities,  30/ endorsed the Commission's
decision to establish an open-ended working group of the Commission to
meet for a period of one week prior to its fifty-third session to
elaborate, on the basis of the preliminary set of basic policy
guidelines on structural adjustment programmes and economic, social
and cultural rights  31/ and in close cooperation with the
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, policy guidelines
on the subject matter and requests the Secretary-General to provide
all the assistance necessary to enable the working group to carry out
its work.  The Council also endorsed the Commission's decision to
invite Governments, intergovernmental organizations and
non-governmental organizations, as well as the Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights, to contribute to the elaboration of draft
policy guidelines by providing their comments on the preliminary set
of basic policy guidelines for consideration by the working group.


                          1996/290.  Forced evictions

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights decision
1996/104 of 11 April 1996 29/ and resolution 1995/29 of 24 August 1995
of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities, 30/ and bearing in mind the conclusions of the United
Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II),  32/
authorized the holding of an expert seminar on the practice of forced
evictions, with a view to developing comprehensive human rights
guidelines on development-based displacement.


           1996/291.  Systematic rape and sexual slavery during periods
                      of armed conflict

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights decision
1996/107 of 19 April 1996 29/ and resolution 1995/14 of 18 August 1995
of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities, 30/ approved the Commission's decision to endorse the
decision of the Subcommission to appoint Ms. Linda Chavez as Special
Rapporteur with the task of undertaking an in-depth study of the
situation of systematic rape, sexual slavery and slavery-like
practices during periods of armed conflict, and to invite Governments,
competent bodies of the United Nations, the specialized agencies,
regional intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental
organizations to provide or continue to provide information on this
question.


            1996/292.  Human rights dimensions of population transfer,
                       including the implantation of settlers and
                       settlements

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights decision
1996/108 of 19 April 1996 29/ and decision 1995/111 of 24 August 1995
of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities  33/ and recalling Subcommission resolution 1994/42
of 26 August 1994,  34/ approved the Commission's decision to
endorse the recommendation of the Subcommission to request the Special
Rapporteur on the question of the human rights dimensions of
population transfer, including the implantation of settlers and
settlements, to submit his final report to the Subcommission at its
forty-eighth session, and to request the Secretary-General to provide
the Special Rapporteur with all the assistance necessary to allow him
to complete his work.


          1996/293.  Study on treaties, agreements and other constructive
                     arrangements between States and indigenous populations

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights decision
1996/109 of 19 April 1996 29/ and decision 1995/118 of 24 August 1995
of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities, 33/ and recalling Subcommission resolutions 1989/38 of 29
August 1989 and 1990/28 of 31 August 1990 and decisions 1991/111 of 29
August 1991, 1992/110 of 24 August 1992 and 1994/116 of 26 August
1994, approved the Commission's decision to endorse the recommendation
of the Subcommission to request the Special Rapporteur on treaties,
agreements and other constructive arrangements between States and
indigenous populations, Mr. Miguel Alfonso Marti'nez, to submit a
third report to the Working Group on Indigenous Populations at its
fourteenth session and to the Subcommission at its forty-eighth
session and a final report to both bodies, at their fifteenth and
forty-ninth sessions, respectively.  The Council also endorsed the
Commission's decision to request the Secretary-General to give the
Special Rapporteur all the assistance necessary to enable him to
continue and conclude his study, in particular by providing for
specialized research assistance and for the necessary visits to Geneva
for consultation with the Centre for Human Rights, as well as the
resources necessary for a field mission to examine in situ the
contemporary significance of a historic treaty in one country, to be
determined in consultation with the Government concerned, as a
practical example for inclusion in the final report.


           1996/294.  Dates of the fifty-third session of the Commission
                      on Human Rights

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights decision
1996/110 of 23 April 1996 29/ approved the Commission's
recommendation, in the light of the positive experience gained by
rescheduling the dates of the Commission's fifty-second session on a
one-year trial basis, pursuant to Council decision 1994/297 of 29 July
1994, and bearing in mind Council decision 1995/296 of 25 July 1995,
that the dates for the Commission's annual regular session be
rescheduled to take place in March/April each year, instead of earlier
in the year, and that, accordingly, the fifty-third session be
rescheduled to take place from 10 March to 18 April 1997.


          1996/295.  Organization of the work of the fifty-third session
                     of the Commission on Human Rights

     At its 47th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of Commission on Human Rights decision
1996/111 of 23 April 1996, 29/ authorized, if possible, within
existing financial resources, forty fully serviced additional
meetings, including summary records, in accordance with rules 29 and
31 of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the
Economic and Social Council, for the Commission's fifty-third session,
and approved the Commission's request to the Chairman of the
Commission at its fifty-third session to make every effort to organize
the work of the session within the time normally allotted, so that the
authorized meetings would be utilized only if absolutely necessary.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

20.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, the Council was informed that a
statement of the administrative and programme budget implications of
resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission on Human Rights at
its fifty-second session were contained in document E/1996/L.18/Add.1.

Protection of the heritage of indigenous people

21.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution IV, entitled "Protection of the heritage of indigenous
people", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18,
chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1996/24 (para. 19 above).

22.  After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of
Japan made a statement.


Effects on the full enjoyment of human rights of the economic
adjustment policies arising from foreign debt and, in particular, on
the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to Development

23.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, at the request of the
representative of Ireland, on behalf of the States Members of the
United Nations that are members of the European Union, the Council
voted on draft decision 4, entitled "Effects on the full enjoyment of
human rights of the economic adjustment policies arising from foreign
debt and, in particular, on the implementation of the Declaration on
the Right to Development", recommended by the Commission on Human
Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft decision was
adopted by a recorded vote of 31 to 20.  See Council decision 1996/257
(para. 19 above).  The voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Central African
                  Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Co^te
                  d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ghana, Guyana, India, Indonesia,
                  Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Nicaragua,
                  Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Senegal, South
                  Africa, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United
                  Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     Australia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic,
                  Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Japan,
                  Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
                  Russian Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great
                  Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of
                  America.

     Abstaining: None.

24.  Before the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Ireland made a statement on behalf of the States Members of the United
Nations that are members of the European Union; after it was adopted
the representative of Japan made a statement.

Assistance to Guatemala in the field of human rights

25.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 17, entitled "Assistance to Guatemala in the field of human
rights", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18,
chap. I, sect. B).  See Council decision 1996/270 (para. 19 above).

26.  Before the draft decision was adopted, statements were made by the
representative of Ireland (on behalf of the States Members of the
United Nations that are members of the European Union) and the
observer for Guatemala.

Composition of the staff of the Centre for Human Rights

27.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, at the request of the
representative of Ireland (on behalf of the States Members of the
United Nations that are members of the European Union), the Council
voted on draft decision 19, entitled "Composition of the staff of the
Centre for Human Rights", recommended by the Commission on Human
Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft decision was
adopted by a recorded vote of 32 to 20.  See Council decision 1996/272
(para. 19 above).  The voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Central African
                  Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Co^te
                  d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ghana, Guyana, India, Indonesia,
                  Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Nicaragua,
                  Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Senegal, South
                  Africa, Sudan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United
                  Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     Australia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic,
                  Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Japan,
                  Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
                  Russian Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great
                  Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of
                  America.

     Abstaining: None.

Human rights situation in southern Lebanon and West Bekaa

28.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, at the request of the
representative of the United States of America, the Council voted on
draft decision 21, entitled "Human rights situation in southern
Lebanon and West Bekaa", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft decision was adopted by a
recorded vote of 49 to 1, with 2 abstentions.  See Council decision
1996/274 (para. 19 above).  The voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Australia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil, Bulgaria,
                  Canada, Central African Republic, Chile, China,
                  Colombia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland,
                  France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, India,
                  Indonesia, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon,
                  Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nicaragua,
                  Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
                  Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, South Africa,
                  Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United
                  Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United
                  Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     United States of America.

     Abstaining:
     Argentina, Co^te d'Ivoire.

29.  Before the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Lebanon raised a question, to which the representative of the Centre
for Human Rights responded.

Situation of human rights in Cuba

30.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, the Council voted on draft
decision 22, entitled "Situation of human rights in Cuba", recommended
by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. B). 
The draft decision was adopted by a recorded vote of 20 to 8, with 22
abstentions.  See Council decision 1996/275 (para. 19 above).  The
voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic,
                  Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Japan,
                  Luxembourg, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Paraguay,
                  Portugal, Romania, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great
                  Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of
                  America.

     Against:     China, Ghana, India, Indonesia, South Africa, Sudan,
                  United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe.

     Abstaining:
     Argentina, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil, Central African Republic,
     Colombia, Co^te d'Ivoire, Egypt, Guyana, Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon,
     Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Russian Federation,
     Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Venezuela.

31.  Before the draft decision was adopted, the observer for Cuba made
a statement.

Situation of human rights in Iraq

32.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, the Council voted on draft
decision 24, entitled "Situation of human rights in Iraq", recommended
by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. B). 
The draft decision was adopted by a recorded vote of 33 to none, with
18 abstentions.  See Council decision 1996/277 (para. 19 above).  The
voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Brazil, Bulgaria,
                  Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic,
                  Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana,
                  Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
                  Nicaragua, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
                  Russian Federation, Senegal, South Africa, Sweden,
                  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,
                  United States of America, Venezuela.

     Against:     None.

     Abstaining:
     Bangladesh, Central African Republic, China, Co^te d'Ivoire,
     Egypt, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Pakistan,
     Philippines, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of
     Tanzania, Zimbabwe.

33.  Before the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Ireland made a statement on behalf of the States Members of the United
Nations that are members of the European Union; after it was adopted,
statements were made by the representative of Egypt and the observers
for Iraq and Kuwait.

Situation of human rights in the Sudan

34.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 25, entitled "Situation of human rights in the Sudan",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1996/278 (para. 19 above).

35.  Before the draft decision was adopted, statements were made by the
representatives of Egypt and Ireland (on behalf of the States Members
of the United Nations that are members of the European Union) and the
Sudan.

Situation of human rights in Zaire

36.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 29, entitled "Situation of human rights in Zaire",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1996/282 (para. 19 above).

37.  Before the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Ireland made a statement on behalf of the States Members of the United
Nations that are members of the European Union.

Situation of human rights in Nigeria

38.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 31, entitled "Situation of human rights in Nigeria",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1996/284 (para. 19 above).

39.  Before the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Ireland made a statement on behalf of the States Members of the United
Nations that are members of the European Union.

Situation of human rights in Myanmar

40.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 32, entitled "Situation of human rights in Myanmar",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1996/285 (para. 19 above).

41.  Before the draft decision was adopted, statements were made by the
representative of Ireland (on behalf of the States Members of the
United Nations that are members of the European Union) and the
observers for Myanmar and Norway.

Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

42.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the Council voted on draft
decision 34, entitled "Situation of human rights in the Islamic
Republic of Iran", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights
(E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft decision was adopted by a
recorded vote of 28 to 8, with 15 abstentions.  See Council decision
1996/287 (para. 19 above).  The voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa
                  Rica, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany,
                  Greece, Guyana, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Luxembourg,
                  Netherlands, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal,
                  Romania, Russian Federation, South Africa, Sweden,
                  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,
                  United States of America, Venezuela.

     Against:     Bangladesh, China, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Malaysia,
                  Pakistan, Sudan.

     Abstaining:
     Belarus, Central African Republic, Colombia, Co^te d'Ivoire,
     Egypt, Gabon, Jordan, Lebanon, Philippines, Thailand, Togo,
     Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe.

43.  Before the draft decision was adopted, statements were made by the
representative of Ireland (on behalf of the States Members of the
United Nations that are members of the European Union) and the
observer for the Islamic Republic of Iran; after it was adopted, the
representative of Lebanon made a statement.

Effects of structural adjustment programmes on the full enjoyment of
human rights

44.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the representative of the Centre
for Human Rights orally corrected draft decision 36, entitled "Effects
of structural adjustment programmes on the full enjoyment of human
rights", recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18,
chap. I, sect. B).

45.  At the same meeting, at the request of the representative of the
United States of America, the Council voted on the draft decision, as
corrected, which was adopted by a recorded vote of 32 to 19.  See
Council decision 1996/289 (para. 19 above).  The voting was as
follows:

     In favour:   Bangladesh, Brazil, Central African Republic, Chile,
                  China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Co^te d'Ivoire, Egypt,
                  Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Jamaica,
                  Jordan, Lebanon,  Malaysia, Nicaragua, Pakistan,
                  Paraguay, Philippines, Portugal,  35/ Senegal,
                  South Africa, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United
                  Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     Australia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic,
                  Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Japan,
                  Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russian
                  Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain
                  and Northern Ireland, United States of America.

     Abstaining: None.

Forced evictions

46.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, at the request of the
representative of the United States of America, the Council voted on
draft decision 37, entitled "Forced evictions", recommended by the
Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. B).  The draft
decision was adopted by a recorded vote of 25 to 20, with 5
abstentions.  See Council decision 1996/290 (para. 19 above).  The
voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia,
                  Costa Rica, Co^te d'Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana,
                  Indonesia, Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon, Nicaragua,
                  Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Senegal, South
                  Africa, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of
                  Tanzania, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     Australia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic,
                  Finland, France, Germany, Greece, India,  36/
                  Ireland, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland,
                  Romania, Russian Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom of
                  Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of
                  America.

     Abstaining:
     Bangladesh, Brazil, Malaysia, Portugal, Thailand.

Study on treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements
between States and indigenous populations

47.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the Council adopted draft
decision 40, entitled "Study on treaties, agreements and other
constructive arrangements between States and indigenous populations",
recommended by the Commission on Human Rights (E/1996/L.18, chap. I,
sect. B).  See Council decision 1996/293 (para. 19 above).

48.  After the draft decision was adopted, statements were made by the
representatives of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland and the Netherlands.

                                    *  *  *

49.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, after the adoption of the draft
decisions recommended by the Commission on Human Rights, the
representative of Lebanon made a statement.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights on its fourteenth session

50.  At the 46th meeting, on 23 July, the Council was informed that the
report of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on its
fourteenth session (E/1996/22/Add.1) would be considered at a future
session of the Council.

Follow-up to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights

51.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the representative of Costa Rica,
on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members
of the Group of 77 and China, introduced a draft resolution
(E/1996/L.38) entitled "Follow-up to the International Covenant on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights", which read as follows:

         "The Economic and Social Council,

         "Recalling its resolution 1988 (LX) of 11 May 1976, by which
     it noted the important responsibilities placed upon the Economic
     and Social Council by the International Covenant on Economic,
     Social and Cultural Rights, in particular those resulting from
     articles 21 and 22, and expressed its readiness to fulfil those
     responsibilities,

         "Recalling its decision 1978/10 of 3 May 1978, by which it
     decided to establish a sessional working group on the
     implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social
     and Cultural Rights,

         "Recalling also its resolutions 1979/43 of 11 May 1979 and
     1982/33 of 6 May 1982, and its decision 1981/158 of 8 May 1982,

         "Recalling further its resolution 1985/17 of 28 May 1985, by
     which it reviewed the composition, organization and administrative
     arrangements of the Sessional Working Group of Governmental
     Experts on the Implementation of the International Covenant on
     Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and established the Committee
     on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,

         "Having taken into account the Vienna Declaration and
     Programme of Action of the World Conference on Human Rights, which
     reaffirmed that all human rights are universal, indivisible,
     interdependent and interrelated and that the international
     community must treat them globally in a fair and equal manner, on
     the same footing, and with the same emphasis,

         "Noting that the procedure of election of the members of the
     Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is not
     consistent with the established procedure of electing members of
     committees under other human rights treaty bodies,

         "1.   Recommends to the States parties to the International
     Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights that they
     consider amending the Covenant to provide for its follow-up by a
     committee whose members would be elected by the States parties to
     the Covenant, as is the case with other, similar human rights
     treaty bodies;

         "2.   Requests the Secretary-General to consult the States
     parties to the Covenant on holding a meeting to consider the
     implementation of the present resolution."

52.  At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the representative of Costa Rica,
on behalf of the sponsors orally revised the draft resolution.  The
revised text was subsequently circulated in document
E/1996/L.38/Rev.1.

53.  At the same meeting, the representative of the United States of
America made a statement.

54.  At the 51st meeting, on 26 July, the Council adopted the revised
draft resolution (E/1996/L.38/Rev.1).  See Council resolution 1996/38
(para. 19 above).

55.  Before the revised draft resolution was adopted, statements were
made by the representatives of Costa Rica (on behalf of the States
Members of the United Nations that are members of the Group of 77) and
the United States of America.  The Secretary of the Council also made
a statement.  After the revised draft resolution was adopted,
statements were made by the representatives of Canada, Japan and
Australia.


                           5.  Advancement of women

                                 INTRODUCTION

56.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
the advancement of women (agenda item 5 (e)) at its 43rd, 44th, 47th,
50th and 51st meetings on 22, 24, 25 and 26 July 1996.  An account of
the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1996/SR.43, 44, 47, 50 and 51).  It had before it the following
documents:

     (a)  Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women on its fifteenth session (A/51/38);  37/

     (b)  Report of the Administrative Committee on Coordination on the
proposed system-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women,
1996-2001 (E/1996/16);

     (c)  Report of the Commission on the Status of Women on its
fortieth session (E/1996/26);  38/

     (d)  Letter dated 8 April 1996 from the Permanent Representative
of Turkey to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
(E/1996/39);

     (e)  Report of the Board of Trustees of the International Research
and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women on its sixteenth
session (E/1996/56);

     (f)  Report of the Secretary-General on violence against women
migrant workers (E/1996/71);

     (g)  Report by the Secretary-General on ways and means to enhance
the capacity of the Organization and the United Nations system to
support the ongoing follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women: 
information on developments in United Nations intergovernmental forums
and at the inter-agency level (E/1996/82);

     (h)  Statement submitted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, a
non-governmental organization in consultative status with the Economic
and Social Council, category I (E/1996/NGO/3);

     (i)  Statement submitted by Franciscans International, a
non-governmental organization in consultative status with the Economic
and Social Council, category I (E/1996/NGO/6).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

57.  Under agenda item 5 (e), the Council adopted four resolutions and
three decisions.


                                  Resolutions

                          1996/5.  Palestinian women

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Having considered with appreciation the report of the
Secretary-General on the situation of and assistance to Palestinian
women,  39/

     Recalling the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the
Advancement of Women,  40/ in particular paragraph 260
concerning Palestinian women and children, and the Beijing Platform
for Action adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women,  41/

     Recalling also its resolution 1995/30 of 25 July 1995 and other
relevant United Nations resolutions,

     Recalling the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against
Women  42/ as it concerns the protection for civilian
populations,

     Welcoming the signing by the Palestine Liberation Organization and
the Government of Israel of the Declaration of Principles on Interim
Self-Government Arrangements,  43/ in Washington, D.C., on 13
September 1993, as well as all subsequent agreements reached between
the two parties,

     Concerned about the continuing difficult situation of Palestinian
women in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and
about the severe consequences of continuous Israeli illegal
settlements activities, as well as the harsh economic conditions and
other consequences for the situation of Palestinian women and their
families, resulting from the frequent closure and isolation of the
occupied territory,

     1.  Recognizes the gradual, positive changes that are taking
place as a result of the implementation of the agreements between the
two parties;

     2.  Reaffirms that the Israeli occupation continues to constitute
a major obstacle to the advancement and self-reliance of Palestinian
women and their integration in the development planning of their
society;

     3.  Demands that Israel, the occupying Power, comply fully with
the provisions and principles of the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights,  44/ the Hague Conventions  45/ and the Geneva
Convention relative to the protection of Civilian Persons in Time of
War, of 12 August 1949,  46/ in order to protect the rights of
Palestinian women and their families;

     4.  Calls upon Israel to facilitate the return of all refugee and
displaced Palestinian women and children to their homes and properties
in the occupied Palestinian territory, in compliance with relevant
United Nations resolutions;

     5.  Urges Member States, financial organizations of the United
Nations system, non-governmental organizations and other relevant
institutions to intensify their efforts to provide financial and
technical assistance to Palestinian women for the creation of projects
responding to their needs, especially during the transitional period;

     6.  Requests the Commission on the Status of Women to continue to
monitor and take action on the implementation of the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women, in particular
paragraph 260 concerning Palestinian women and children, and the
Beijing Platform for Action;

     7.  Requests the Secretary-General to continue to review the
situation and to assist Palestinian women by all available means, and
to submit to the Commission on the Status of Women at its forty-first
session a report on progress made in the implementation of the present
resolution.

                                                          43rd plenary meeting
                                                                  22 July 1996


          1996/6.  Follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Welcoming the outcome of the Fourth World Conference on Women,
held at Beijing from 4 to 15 September 1995, and the adoption of the
Platform for Action, 41/

     Bearing in mind Economic and Social Council resolutions ll (II) of
21 June 1946 and 48 (IV) of 29 March 1947, by which the Council
established the Commission on the Status of Women and defined its
terms of reference, and 1987/22 of 26 May 1987, by which the Council
expanded the mandate of the Commission,

     Taking into account agreed conclusions 1995/1, approved by the
Council on 28 July 1995,  47/ as well as General Assembly
resolution 50/203 of 22 December 1995, on the follow-up to the Fourth
World Conference on Women and full implementation of the Beijing
Declaration and the Platform for Action, in which the Assembly invited
the Economic and Social Council to review and strengthen the mandate
of the Commission,

     Acknowledging the decision of the Committee on the Elimination of
Discrimination against Women to add to its reporting guidelines an
invitation to States parties to include in their report to the
Committee information on measures taken to implement the Platform for
Action, in order to monitor effectively, within its mandate, the
rights guaranteed under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms
of Discrimination against Women,


                                       I

                FRAMEWORK FOR THE FUNCTIONING OF THE COMMISSION

     Recalling that the General Assembly, in resolution 50/203, decided
that the Assembly, the Economic and Social Council and the Commission
on the Status of Women, in accordance with their respective mandates
and in accordance with Assembly resolution 48/162 of 20 December 1993
and other relevant resolutions, should constitute a three-tiered
intergovernmental mechanism that would play the primary role in the
overall policy-making and follow-up, and in coordinating the
implementation and monitoring of the Platform for Action, reaffirming
the need for a coordinated follow-up to and implementation of the
results of major international conferences in the economic, social and
related fields,

     Convinced that the follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on
Women should be undertaken on the basis of an integrated approach to
the advancement of women within the framework of a coordinated
follow-up to and implementation of the results of major international
conferences in the economic, social and related fields, as well as the
overall responsibilities of the General Assembly and the Economic and
Social Council,

     1.  Decides that the Commission on the Status of Women shall have
a catalytic role in mainstreaming a gender perspective in policies and
programmes;

     2.  Decides that the inter-agency committee on the follow-up to
the Fourth World Conference on Women, established by the
Administrative Committee on Coordination, shall inform the Commission
and the Economic and Social Council of the progress of its work, for
the purpose of system-wide coordination, and that a gender perspective
shall also be fully integrated in the work of all thematic task forces
established by the Administrative Committee on Coordination;

     3.  Decides that the Platform for Action should be implemented
through the work of all the bodies and organizations of the United
Nations system during the period 1995-2000, and notes that the
institutions of the United Nations especially devoted to the
advancement of women, including the International Research and
Training Institute for the Advancement of Women and the United Nations
Development Fund for Women, are in the process of reviewing their
programmes of work in the light of the Platform for Action and its
implementation;

     4.  Decides, in view of the traditional importance of
non-governmental organizations in the advancement of women, that such
organizations should be encouraged to participate in the work of the
Commission and in the monitoring and implementation process related to
the Conference to the maximum extent possible, and requests the
Secretary-General to make appropriate arrangements to ensure full
utilization of existing channels of communication with
non-governmental organizations in order to facilitate broad-based
participation and dissemination of information;

     5.  Decides, in recognition of the valuable contribution of
non-governmental organizations to the Fourth World Conference on
Women, that the Council and its Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations will review the applications of those non-governmental
organizations under Council resolution 1296 (XLIV) of 23 May 1968 as
expeditiously as possible, and also decides that, prior to the forty-
first session of the Commission on the Status of Women, the Council
will take a decision on the participation of the non-governmental
organizations that were accredited to the Conference and that have
applied for consultative status, in Conference follow-up and in the
work of the Commission on the Status of Women, without prejudice to
the work of the Open-ended Working Group on the Review of Arrangements
for Consultation with Non-Governmental Organizations;

     6.  Requests the Secretary-General urgently to draw the attention
of non-governmental organizations accredited to the Fourth World
Conference on Women to the provisions of the present resolution and to
the process established under Council resolution 1296 (XLIV);

                                      II

                              TERMS OF REFERENCE

     1.  Confirms the existing mandate of the Commission on the Status
of Women as set out in Council resolutions 11 (II), 48 (IV) and
1987/22, bearing in mind that the Platform for Action builds upon the
Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women;

     2.  Decides that the Commission shall:

     (a) Assist the Economic and Social Council in monitoring,
reviewing and appraising progress achieved and problems encountered in
the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action
at all levels, and shall advise the Council thereon;

     (b) Continue to ensure support for mainstreaming a gender
perspective in United Nations activities and develop further its
catalytic role in this regard in other areas;

     (c) Identify issues where United Nations system-wide coordination
needs to be improved in order to assist the Council in its
coordination function;

     (d) Identify emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues
affecting the situation of women or equality between women and men
that require urgent consideration, and make substantive
recommendations thereon;

     (e) Maintain and enhance public awareness and support for the
implementation of the Platform for Action;

                                      III

                                 DOCUMENTATION

     1.  Requests that all United Nations documentation be kept
concise, clear, analytical and timely with a focus on relevant issues
and in accordance with Council resolution 1987/24 of 26 May 1987 and
agreed conclusions 1995/1, approved by the Council on 28 July
1995, 47/ that reports contain recommendations for action and indicate
the actors, that reports be issued in all official languages, in
accordance with the rules of the United Nations, and that other
methods of reporting, such as oral reports, also be explored;

     2.  Requests that the relevant reports of the meetings of
inter-agency mechanisms established by the Secretary-General be
transmitted for information to the Commission on the Status of Women
to ensure coordination, collaboration and coherence in the
implementation of the Platform for Action;

     3.  Decides that requests for reports of the Secretary-General
should be limited to the minimum strictly necessary and that the
Secretariat should use information and data already provided by
Governments to the maximum extent possible, avoiding duplication of
requests to Governments for such information;

     4.  Decides further that voluntary submission of national
information, for example national action plans or national reports by
Governments, should be encouraged;

     5.  Requests that the following reports be prepared under item 3,
entitled "Follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women", of the
agenda set out in section IV, paragraph 3, of the present resolution,
bearing in mind the need to promote integrated reporting:

     (a) Report of the Secretary-General on the measures taken and the
progress achieved in mainstreaming a gender perspective within the
United Nations system (annually);

     (b) Analytical report of the Secretary-General on the thematic
issues before the Commission in accordance with the multi-year work
programme, including, as far as possible, progress made in national
implementation, based on available data and statistics (annually);

     (c) Report on emerging issues under item 3 (b) of the agenda set
out in section IV, paragraph 3, of the present resolution, as
appropriate, at the request of the Commission or its Bureau;

     (d) Synthesized report on implementation plans of Governments and
the United Nations system, based, inter alia, on national action plans
and any other sources of information already available in the United
Nations system (in 1998);

     (e) Mid-term review of the system-wide medium-term plan for the
advancement of women, 1996-2001 (in 1998);

     (f) Report on the implementation of the Platform for Action, on
the basis of national reports, taking into account the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women (in 2000);

                                      IV

            WORK PROGRAMME OF THE COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

     1.  Adopts a multi-year work programme for a focused and thematic
approach, culminating in a quinquennial review and appraisal of the
Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women; the work
programme, inter alia, will provide a framework to assess the progress
achieved in the implementation of the Platform for Action and will be
in line with the coordinated follow-up to conferences;

     2.  Decides that the work of the Commission in relation to the
work programme shall be closely related to the relevant provisions of
the Platform for Action, with a view to ensuring the effective
implementation of the Platform for Action;

     3.  Decides that the agenda for the Commission shall consist of
the following items:

     1.  Election of officers.

     2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

     3.  Follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women:

         (a)   Review of mainstreaming in organizations of the United
               Nations system;

         (b)   Emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues
               affecting the situation of women or equality between
               women and men;

         (c)   Implementation of strategic objectives and action in the
               critical areas of concern.

     4.  Communications concerning the status of women.

     5.  Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
         against Women, including the elaboration of a draft optional
         protocol to the Convention.

     6.  Provisional agenda for the next session of the Commission.

     7.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its present
session.

     4.  Decides, in the light of the need for a focused and thematic
multi-year work programme on the critical areas of concern and bearing
in mind that the critical areas of concern are interrelated and
interdependent, on the following timetable:

     1997      Education and training of women (Platform for Action,
               chap. IV.B)

               Women and the economy (Platform for Action, chap. IV.F)

               Women in power and decision-making (Platform for Action,
               chap. IV.G)

               Women and the environment (Platform for Action,
               chap. IV.K)

     1998      Violence against women (Platform for Action, chap. IV.D)

               Women and armed conflict (Platform for Action, chap. IV.E)

               Human rights of women (Platform for Action, chap. IV.I)

               The girl child (Platform for Action, chap. IV.L)

     1999      Women and health (Platform for Action, chap. IV.C)

               Institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women
               (Platform for Action, chap. IV.H)

               Initiation of the comprehensive review and appraisal of
               the implementation of the Platform for Action

     2000      Comprehensive quinquennial review and appraisal of the
               implementation of the Platform for Action

               Emerging issues

                                       V

                              REGIONAL DIMENSION

     Recalling the important role played by regional preparatory
conferences in the preparations for the Fourth World Conference on
Women and that plans and programmes of action were adopted that served
as essential inputs to the Beijing Declaration and Platform for
Action,

     1.  Recommends that the regional follow-up and monitoring of the
regional platforms and programmes of action should be utilized as
inputs for the review and appraisal of the Beijing Declaration and
Platform for Action;

     2.  Recommends also that the Council consider how best to
integrate the inputs of regional commissions into the overall
monitoring and follow-up to the Platform for Action.

                                                          43rd plenary meeting
                                                                  22 July 1996


1996/34.  System-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women, 1996-2001

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling its resolution 1988/59 of 27 July 1988, by which it
requested the Secretary-General, in his capacity as Chairman of the
Administrative Committee on Coordination, to initiate the formulation
of a system-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women for the
period 1996-2001,

     Also recalling its resolution 1993/16 of 27 July 1993, by which it
endorsed the system-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women
for the period 1996-2001 as a general framework for the coordination
of system-wide efforts, and requested the Secretary-General to revise
the draft plan after the Platform for Action and the results of the
second review and appraisal of the implementation of the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women 40/ had been
formulated and adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women,

     Considering its own role in overseeing system-wide coordination in
the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action, 41/

     Bearing in mind that the General Assembly, in its resolution
50/203 of 22 December 1995, invited the Council to consider devoting
one high-level segment, one coordination segment and one operational
activities segment, before the year 2000, to the advancement of women,

     Having considered the report of the Secretary-General, submitted
in his capacity as Chairman of the Administrative Committee for
Coordination, containing the proposed revised system-wide medium-term
plan for the advancement of women, 1996-2001,  48/ as well as
the comments adopted thereon by the Commission on the Status of Women,
as contained in its resolution 40/10 and the annex to that
resolution,  49/ and by the Committee for Programme and
Coordination,  50/

     Welcoming the detailed comments adopted by the Commission on the
Status of Women and the Committee for Programme and Coordination on
the revised system-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women,
1996-2001,

     Welcoming the establishment by the Administrative Committee on
Coordination of the Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender
Equality as a means for enhancing the cooperation and coordination of
the United Nations system in the implementation of the Beijing
Platform for Action, gender-related recommendations emanating from
other recent United Nations conferences and summits and the revised
plan itself, and in support of mainstreaming a gender perspective in
the work of the United Nations system,

     Noting its resolution 1996/6 of 22 July 1996 on the follow-up to
the Fourth World Conference on Women,

     1.  Endorses the revised system-wide medium-term plan for the
advancement of women, 1996-2001, taking into account the comments of
the Commission on the Status of Women contained in its resolution
40/10 and the annex thereto, and the conclusions and recommendations
of the Committee for Programme and Coordination;

     2.  Requests all organizations and bodies of the United Nations
system to implement the revised plan in the light of the general and
specific comments adopted thereon by the Commission on the Status of
Women and the Committee for Programme and Coordination;

     3.  Invites the Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender
Equality of the Administrative Committee on Coordination to use the
revised plan and the comments on it as a basis for monitoring
increasing collaboration in and cost-effective approaches to United
Nations system activities for the advancement and empowerment of
women, including the assessment of methods for mainstreaming a gender
perspective in all United Nations activities, ensuring accountability
and carrying out impact analyses of gender-sensitive programmes and
policies, and the preparation of performance indicators, outputs and
other benchmarks for measuring system-wide progress in the
implementation of the plan, and also invites the Committee to inform
the Commission on the Status of Women and through it, the Economic and
Social Council, of progress in its work for the purpose of system-wide
coordination;

     4.  Decides to undertake, in 1998, a comprehensive mid-term
review of the implementation of the revised plan as a basis for future
programming and coordination of activities for the advancement and
empowerment of women by the United Nations system, including a review
of the progress made in mainstreaming a gender perspective in all
activities of the United Nations system;

     5.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Council,
through the Commission on the Status of Women at its forty-second
session, a progress report on the implementation of the revised plan;

     6.  Requests the Secretary-General, in his capacity as Chairman
of the Administrative Committee on Coordination, to formulate a new
system-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women to cover the
period 2002-2005, to submit a new draft plan to the Council at its
substantive session of 2000 in order to provide guidance for the
medium-term plans of the individual organizations of the United
Nations system, and to submit the draft plan to the Commission on the
Status of Women at its forty-fourth session, for comments.

                                                          50th plenary meeting
                                                                  25 July 1996


1996/39.  International Research and Training Institute
          for the Advancement of Women                 

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling its resolution 1995/45 of 27 July 1995, in which it took
note of the report of the Board of Trustees of the International
Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women on its
fifteenth session,  51/

     Recalling also General Assembly resolution 50/163 of
22 December 1995, in which the Assembly took note of the same report,

     Taking note of the analysis done by the Board of Trustees and its
recommendation that the Institute not only report to the Third
Committee of the General Assembly, but also to the Second Committee of
the General Assembly, under the relevant agenda items, in order to
improve the coordination and synergy of its programmes with other
economic and social issues,

     Recognizing the important role played by the Institute at the
Fourth World Conference on Women, and the role of the Institute in the
follow-up to that Conference,

     Also recognizing the equally important contributions that the
Institute is making in its area of expertise to activities related to
the International Conference on Population and Development, the World
Summit for Social Development, the fiftieth anniversary of the United
Nations, the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
(Habitat II) and the International Year of Older Persons,

     Reaffirming the original mandate and distinct capacity of the
Institute to carry out research and training for the advancement of
women, as stipulated in General Assembly resolution 3520 (XXX) of
15 December 1975,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Board of Trustees of the
International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of
Women on its sixteenth session and the decisions contained
therein;  52/

     2.  Commends the work of the Institute on the issues addressing
the process of the economic and political empowerment of women;
statistics and indicators in gender issues; women, natural resources
and sustainable development:  water, waste management and renewable
sources of energy; and issues related to different groups, such as
elderly, displaced, refugee and migrant women;

     3.  Also commends the Institute for its efforts to further
develop active and close cooperation with the specialized and related
agencies of the United Nations system, and with other organs,
programmes and institutions, so as to promote programmes that
contribute to the advancement of women;

     4.  Reiterates the importance of maintaining the level of
resources devoted to independent research and related training
activities that are crucial for the empowerment of women;

     5.  Calls upon States and intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations to contribute through voluntary contributions and
pledges to the United Nations Trust Fund for the International
Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women, thus
enabling the Institute to continue to respond effectively to its
mandate.

                                                          51st plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                   Decisions

1996/239.  Reports considered by the Economic and Social Council
           under the question of the advancement of women       

     At its 43rd plenary meeting, on 22 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the following reports:

     (a)  Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women on its fifteenth session;  53/

     (b)  Report of the Secretary-General on violence against women
migrant workers;  54/

     (c)  Report of the Secretary-General on ways and means to enhance
the capacity of the Organization and the United Nations system to
support the ongoing follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women: 
information on developments in United Nations intergovernmental forums
and at the inter-agency level.  55/


1996/240.  Renewal of the mandate of the Open-ended Working
           Group on the Elaboration of a Draft Optional    
           Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of
           All Forms of Discrimination against Women       

     At its 43rd plenary meeting, on 22 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided:

     (a) To renew the mandate of the in-session Open-ended Working
Group on the Elaboration of a Draft Optional Protocol to the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against
Women, so that it may continue its work, taking into account the
reports to be submitted under resolution 40/8 of the Commission on the
Status of Women,  56/ pursuant to Council resolution 1995/29 of
24 July 1995;

     (b) To authorize the Working Group to meet, within existing
United Nations resources, in parallel with the Commission at its
forty-first session;

     (c) To invite a representative of the Committee on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women to attend this meeting as
a resource person.


1996/241.  Report of the Commission on the Status of Women
           on its fortieth session and provisional agenda 
           and documentation for the forty-first session  
           of the Commission                              

     At its 43rd plenary meeting, on 22 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the report of the Commission on the Status
of Women on its fortieth session and approved the provisional agenda
and documentation for the forty-first session of the Commission set
out below.


           PROVISIONAL AGENDA AND DOCUMENTATION FOR THE FORTY-FIRST
               SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

     1.  Election of officers.

     2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

     3.  Follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women:

         (a)   Review of mainstreaming in organizations of the United
               Nations system;

               Documentation

               Report of the Secretary-General on the measures taken and
               the progress achieved in mainstreaming a gender
               perspective within the United Nations system

         (b)   Emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues
               affecting the situation of women or equality between
               women and men;

               Documentation

               Report of the Secretary-General on emerging issues, as
               appropriate, at the request of the Commission or its
               Bureau

         (c)   Implementation of strategic objectives and action in the
               critical areas of concern.

               Documentation

               Analytical report of the Secretary-General on the
               thematic issues before the Commission in accordance with
               its multi-year work programme, including, as far as
               possible, progress made in national implementation, based
               on available existing data and statistics

     4.  Communications concerning the status of women.

               Documentation

               Lists of confidential and non-confidential communications
               concerning the status of women

     5.  Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
         against Women, including the elaboration of a draft optional
         protocol to the Convention.

               Documentation

               Report of the Secretary-General containing additional
               views of Governments, intergovernmental organizations and
               non-governmental organizations on an optional protocol to
               the Convention, as well as a comparative summary of
               existing communications and inquiry procedures and
               practices under international human rights instruments
               and under the Charter of the United Nations

     6.  Provisional agenda for the forty-second session of the
         Commission.

     7.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its forty-first
         session.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Palestinian women

58.  At the 43rd meeting, on 22 July, the Council voted on draft
resolution I, entitled "Palestinian women", recommended by the
Commission on the Status of Women (E/1996/26, chap. I, sect. A).  The
draft resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 46 to 1, with 1
abstention.  See Council resolution 1996/5 (para. 57 above).  The
voting was as follows:  57/

     In favour:   Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil,
                  Bulgaria, Canada, Central African Republic, Chile,
                  China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Co^te d'Ivoire, Czech
                  Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany,
                  Ghana, Greece, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Jamaica,
                  Japan, Jordan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands,
                  Nicaragua, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
                  Romania, Senegal, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand,
                  Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain and
                  Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania,
                  Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     United States of America.

     Abstaining:  Russian Federation.

59.  After the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by
the representative of the United States of America and the observer
for Israel.

System-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women, 1996-2001

60.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the observer for the Bahamas, 4/
on behalf of Australia, Austria, 4/ the Bahamas, 4/ Belgium, 4/
Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica (on behalf of the States Members of the
United Nations that are members of the Group of 77 and China), the
Dominican Republic, 4/ Finland, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana,
Ireland, Jamaica, the Netherlands, Norway, 4/ Portugal, Romania, Spain
4/ and Sweden, introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.37) entitled
"System-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women, 1996-
2001".  Subsequently, Iceland, Italy, Japan and Turkey joined in
sponsoring the draft resolution.

61.  At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1996/34 (para. 57 above).

International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of
Women

62.  At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the observer for Guatemala, 4/ on
behalf of the Latin American and Caribbean States, Morocco, 4/
Nigeria, 4/ and Turkey, 4/ introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.36)
entitled "International Research and Training Institute for the
Advancement of Women".  Subsequently, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Co^te
d'Ivoire, Lebanon, Mongolia, Tunisia and the United Republic of
Tanzania joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.

63.  At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the observer for Guatemala, on
behalf of the sponsors, orally revised the draft resolution.

64.  Statements were made by the representatives of Ireland (on behalf
of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
European Union) and Japan and the observer for Guatemala.

65.  At the 51st meeting, on 26 July, the observer for Guatemala, on
behalf of the sponsors, further orally revised the draft resolution.

66.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised.  See Council resolution 1996/39 (para. 57 above).

67.  After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of
Ireland made a statement on behalf of the States Members of the United
Nations that are members of the European Union.

                       6.  Social development questions

                                 INTRODUCTION

68.  At its substantive session, the Council considered social
development questions (agenda item 5 (f)) at its 43rd and 44th
meetings, on 22 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained
in the relevant summary records (E/1995/SR.43 and 44).  It had before
it the following documents:

     (a)  Report of the Commission for Social Development on its
special session (E/1996/29);  58/

     (b)  Statement submitted by the International Federation on
Ageing, a non-governmental organization in consultative status with
the Economic and Social Council, category I (E/1996/NGO/5).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

69.  Under agenda item 5 (f), the Council adopted one resolution and
two decisions.


                                  Resolution

1996/7.  Follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development and
         the future role of the Commission for Social Development

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Welcoming the outcome of the World Summit for Social
Development,  59/

     Bearing in mind Economic and Social Council resolutions 10 (II) of
21 June 1946 and 830 J (XXXII) of 2 August 1961, by which the Council
established the Commission for Social Development and defined its
terms of reference, and 1139 (XLI) of 29 July 1966, by which the
Council renamed the Commission in order to clarify its role as a
preparatory and advisory body of the Council in the whole range of
social development policy,

     Taking into account General Assembly resolution 50/161 of
22 December 1995 and Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/60 of
28 July 1995 concerning the follow-up to the World Summit for Social
Development, agreed conclusions 1995/1, approved by the Council on 28
July 1995,  60/ and Assembly resolution 50/227 of 24 May 1996 on
the restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in the
economic, social and related fields,


                                       I

                FRAMEWORK FOR THE FUNCTIONING OF THE COMMISSION

     Recalling that the General Assembly, in its resolution 50/161,
decided that the Assembly, through its role in policy formulation, and
the Economic and Social Council, through its role in overall guidance
and coordination, in accordance with their respective roles under the
Charter of the United Nations and Assembly resolution 48/162 of 20
December 1993, and a revitalized Commission for Social Development
should constitute a three-tiered intergovernmental process in the
follow-up to the implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration on
Social Development and the Programme of Action of the World Summit for
Social Development,

     Convinced that the follow-up to the Summit will be undertaken on
the basis of an integrated approach to social development and within
the framework of a coordinated follow-up to and implementation of the
results of the major international conferences in the economic, social
and related fields,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General,  61/
containing a review of the functioning of the Commission for Social
Development, including its future role in the follow-up to the World
Summit for Social Development;

     2.  Decides that the Commission for Social Development, as a
functional commission of the Economic and Social Council, shall have
the primary responsibility for the follow-up to the Summit and review
of the implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration on Social
Development and the Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social
Development;

     3.  Calls upon all relevant organs, organizations and bodies of
the United Nations system to be involved in the follow-up to the
Summit, and invites specialized agencies and related organizations of
the United Nations system to strengthen and adjust their activities,
programmes and medium-term strategies, as appropriate, to take into
account the follow-up to the Summit;

     4.  Invites the United Nations Development Programme, the
International Labour Organization and the Bretton Woods institutions
to be actively involved in the follow-up to the Summit, in accordance
with the relevant provisions of General Assembly resolution 50/161,
and invites the World Trade Organization to consider how it might
contribute to the implementation of the Programme of Action;

     5.  Decides that the task forces established by the
Administrative Committee on Coordination for the follow-up to the
Summit and other related United Nations conferences should inform the
Commission and the Economic and Social Council of the progress made in
their work for the purpose of system-wide coordination;

     6.  Stresses the importance of ensuring the participation of
high-level representatives from the field of social development in the
work of the Commission;

     7.  Reiterates the invitation extended by the General Assembly to
the Secretary-General, inter alia, within the framework of the
Administrative Committee on Coordination, to make appropriate
arrangements, which may include joint meetings, for consultations with
the heads of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the
International Labour Organization, United Nations funds and programmes
and other relevant organizations for the purpose of enhancing the
cooperation of their respective organizations in the implementation of
the Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action;

     8.  Reaffirms the need for ensuring an effective partnership and
cooperation between Governments and the relevant actors of civil
society, the social partners and the major groups as defined in Agenda
21, including non-governmental organizations and the private sector,
in the implementation of and follow-up to the Copenhagen Declaration
and Programme of Action, and for ensuring their involvement in the
planning, elaboration, implementation and evaluation of social
policies at the national level;

     9.  Decides, in view of the traditional importance of
non-governmental organizations in the promotion of social development,
that such organizations should be encouraged to participate in the
work of the Commission and in the monitoring and implementation
process related to the Summit to the maximum extent possible, and
requests the Secretary-General to make appropriate arrangements to
ensure the full utilization of existing channels of communication with
non-governmental organizations in order to facilitate broad-based
participation and dissemination of information;

     10. Also decides, in recognition of the valuable contribution of
non-governmental organizations to the World Summit for Social
Development, the Council and its Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations, to review the applications of such non-governmental
organizations under Council resolution 1296 (XLIV) of 23 May 1968 as
expeditiously as possible, and further decides that prior to the
thirty-fifth session of the Commission for Social Development, the
Council will decide on the participation of those non-governmental
organizations accredited to the Summit that have applied for
consultative status, in the Summit follow-up and in the work of the
Commission for Social Development, without prejudice to the work of
the Open-ended Working Group on the Review of Arrangements for
Consultation with Non-Governmental Organizations;

     11. Requests the Secretary-General urgently to draw the attention
of non-governmental organizations accredited to the Summit to the
provisions of the present resolution and to the process established
under Council resolution 1296 (XLIV); 

                                      II

                              TERMS OF REFERENCE

     12. Reaffirms the existing mandate of the Commission for Social
Development as set out in its resolutions 10 (II), 830 J (XXXII) and
1139 (XLI);

     13. Decides that the Commission, in fulfilling its mandate, shall
assist the Economic and Social Council in monitoring, reviewing and
appraising the progress achieved and problems encountered in the
implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action
and shall advise the Council thereon, and decides that, to that end,
the Commission should:

     (a) Improve international understanding on social development
through, inter alia, the exchange of information and experience;

     (b) Integrate, within the framework of the follow-up to the World
Summit for Social Development, consideration of issues relating to the
situation of social groups, including a review of relevant United
Nations programmes of action related to such groups, and consideration
of other sectoral issues;

     (c) Identify emerging issues affecting social development that
require urgent consideration, and make substantive recommendations
thereon;

     (d) Make recommendations regarding social development to the
Economic and Social Council;

     (e) Elaborate practical measures aimed at furthering Summit
recommendations;

     (f) Identify issues requiring improved system-wide coordination,
taking into account substantive inputs from different organizations of
the United Nations system, as well as the contributions of other
functional commissions concerned, in order to assist the Council in
its coordination functions;

     (g) Maintain and enhance public awareness and support for the
implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action;

                                      III

         STRUCTURE OF THE AGENDA AND WORK PROGRAMME OF THE COMMISSION

     14. Decides that the substantive items of the agenda of the
Commission for Social Development for its future sessions will consist
of the following:

Substantive item:  Follow-up to the World Summit for Social
Development

     (a) Consideration of subjects identified in the multi-year
programme of work, including the situation of social groups;

     (b) Review of relevant United Nations plans and programmes of
action pertaining to the situation of social groups, as necessary;

     (c) Emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues
affecting social development, as necessary;

     15. Decides on the following multi-year programme of work for the
consideration of priority subjects, bearing in mind that the core
issues of the Summit are interrelated and interdependent and that
issues relating to the enabling environment for social development
(commitment 1 of the Copenhagen Declaration;  62/ chapter I of
the Programme of Action  63/), the special situation of Africa
and the least developed countries (commitment 7 of the Copenhagen
Declaration 62/), enhancement of social development goals in
structural adjustment programmes (commitment 8 of the Copenhagen
Declaration 62/), the mobilization of domestic and international
resources for social development (commitment 9 of the Copenhagen
Declaration; 62/ chapter V of the Programme of Action 63/) and the
framework for international, regional and subregional cooperation for
social development (commitment 10 of the Copenhagen Declaration 62/)
shall be considered every year, and bearing in mind also that the
Commission should apply a gender perspective when discussing the
different topics under the multi-year programme of work:

1997:  Follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development

     Theme:  "Productive employment and sustainable livelihoods". 
Under this theme, the following specific topics will be considered:

     (a) The centrality of employment in policy formulation, including
a broader recognition of work and employment;

     (b) Improving access to productive resources and infrastructure;

     (c) Enhanced quality of work and employment;

1998:  Follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development

     Theme:  "Promoting social integration and participation of all
people, including disadvantaged and vulnerable groups and persons". 
Under this theme, the following specific topics will be considered:

     (a) Promoting social integration through responsive government,
full participation in society, non-discrimination, tolerance, equality
and social justice;

     (b) Enhancing social protection, reducing vulnerability and
enhancing employment opportunities for groups with specific needs;

     (c) Violence, crime and the problem of illicit drugs and
substance abuse as factors of social disintegration;

1999:  Follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development

     (a) Theme 1:  "Social services for all";

     (b) Theme 2:  "Initiation of the overall review of the
implementation of the outcome of the Summit";

2000:  Follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development

     Theme:  "Contribution of the Commission to the overall review of
the implementation of the outcome of the Summit";

                                      IV

                MEMBERSHIP, FREQUENCY AND DURATION OF SESSIONS
                               OF THE COMMISSION

     16. Decides that the Commission for Social Development shall be
composed of forty-six members elected from among the States Members of
the United Nations or members of the specialized agencies according to
the following pattern:

     (a) Twelve seats for African States;

     (b) Ten seats for Asian States;

     (c) Nine seats for Latin American and Caribbean States;

     (d) Five seats for Eastern European States;

     (e) Ten seats for Western European and other States;

     17. Also decides that the Commission shall meet annually,
beginning in 1997, for a period of eight working days in New York;

                                       V

                                 DOCUMENTATION

     18. Requests that United Nations documentation be kept concise,
clear, analytical and timely, with a focus on relevant issues, in
accordance with Council resolution 1987/24 of 26 May 1987 and agreed
conclusions 1995/1, and that, to the greatest extent possible, use be
made of integrated reporting, and also requests that reports contain
recommendations for action and indicate the actors, that they be
available in all official languages, in accordance with the rules of
the United Nations, and that the use of other methods of reporting,
such as oral reports, also be explored;

     19. Also requests that the relevant reports of the meetings of
inter-agency mechanisms established by the Secretary-General be
transmitted for information to the Commission to ensure coordination,
collaboration and coherence in the implementation of the Programme of
Action;

     20. Decides that requests for reports of the Secretary-General
should be limited to the minimum strictly necessary, and that the
Secretariat should use information and data already provided by
Governments to the maximum extent possible, avoiding duplication of
requests to Governments for such information;

     21. Also decides that the voluntary submission of national
information, for example national action plans or national reports by
Governments, should be encouraged;

     22. Requests that, in the preparation of reports, use be made of
the practice of assigning task managers, under which a United Nations
entity is made responsible for coordinating the response of the entire
United Nations system on a given subject, including the formulation of
recommendations for future action;

     23. Requests the Secretary-General and United Nations bodies to
take appropriate measures, in a coordinated manner, to strengthen the
United Nations capacity for gathering and analysing information and
developing indicators of social development;

     24. Requests the Secretary-General to submit the following
reports to the Commission:

     (a) An annual analytical report on the thematic issues before the
Commission, in accordance with the multi-year work programme,
including, as far as possible, progress made in national and
international implementation and including progress made by the
Bretton Woods institutions, other United Nations specialized agencies
and other relevant entities, based on available existing data and
statistics;

     (b) A report on emerging issues, trends and new approaches to
issues affecting social development, including the situation of
specific groups;

     (c) An overall report, in the year 2000, on the implementation of
the Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action;

                                      VI

                       METHODS OF WORK OF THE COMMISSION

     25. Recognizes that the practice of inviting experts is expected
to deal effectively with the priority subjects addressed in the
Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action and to contribute to
the effective follow-up to the Summit, and to that end, decides that:

     (a) Panels of experts shall be formed, including experts
appointed by the Secretary-General, experts working within the United
Nations system and experts from Governments and civil society;

     (b) Experts shall be chosen from the fields of study addressed
under the critical areas of concern, taking into account equitable
geographical distribution and the involvement of non-governmental
organizations;

     (c) The selection of experts, the composition of the panels and
the allocation of time to dialogues shall be decided inter-sessionally
by the Bureau of the Commission, taking into consideration the
proposals of the United Nations Secretariat; the Secretariat shall
prepare a list of candidates for the panels, based on suggestions from
States and civil society; and the Bureau shall convene meetings open
to the participation of all interested States to ensure a broad base
of participation;

     (d) Meetings shall be allotted for dialogue within the United
Nations system and civil society and among governmental delegations,
and sufficient time shall be devoted to intergovernmental dialogue;

     26. Decides that the Bureau of the Commission shall convene
open-ended informal consultations of the Commission to improve
organizational and procedural aspects of the Commission's sessions,
and also decides that the Bureau of the Commission shall meet on a
regular basis from 1996, and may consider such issues as
recommendations on agenda items and subjects to be discussed, the
structure of meetings and lists of guest participants for panel
discussions;

     27. Calls upon the Bureau to monitor the state of preparedness of
documentation for the Commission and take the necessary measures to
facilitate its timely issuance in all official languages;

                                      VII

                                  SECRETARIAT

     28. Requests the Secretary-General to ensure an effectively
functioning Secretariat within which clear responsibility is assigned
to assist in the implementation of the follow-up to the Summit and the
servicing of the intergovernmental bodies involved, and to ensure
close cooperation at the Secretariat level between all the United
Nations entities involved in the Summit follow-up;

                                     VIII

                              REGIONAL DIMENSION

     29. Invites the regional commissions, within their mandates and
in cooperation with regional intergovernmental organizations and
banks, to consider convening, on a biennial basis, a meeting at a high
political level to review progress made towards implementing the
outcome of the Summit, exchange views on the respective experiences of
participating bodies and adopt appropriate measures.

                                                          44th plenary meeting
                                                                  22 July 1996


                                   Decisions

1996/242.  Establishment of a support group to assist the
           Commission for Social Development in the      
           preparations for the International Year of    
           Older Persons in 1999                         

     At its 44th plenary meeting, on 22 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided to establish an ad hoc informal open-ended
support group to assist the Commission for Social Development in the
preparations for the International Year of Older Persons in 1999.


1996/243.  Report of the Commission for Social Development on
           its special session of 1996 and provisional agenda
           and documentation for the thirty-fifth session of 
           the Commission                                    

     At its 44th plenary meeting, on 22 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council:

     (a) Took note of the report of the Commission for Social
Development on its special session of 1996 and endorsed the
recommendations contained therein;

     (b) Approved the provisional agenda and documentation for the
thirty-fifth session of the Commission set out below.


           PROVISIONAL AGENDA AND DOCUMENTATION FOR THE THIRTY-FIFTH
               SESSION OF THE COMMISSION FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

     1.  Election of officers.

     2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

               The Commission will establish an in-session open-ended ad
         hoc working group for the purpose of carrying out the fourth
         review and appraisal of the International Plan of Action on
         Ageing and reviewing preparations for the observance of the
         International Year of Older Persons in 1999.



     3.  Follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development:

               The Commission will review progress made in the
         implementation of and follow-up to the Copenhagen Declaration
         on Social Development and the Programme of Action of the
         World Summit for Social Development and consider at each of
         its sessions issues relating to the enabling environment for
         social development, the special situation of Africa and the
         least developed countries, enhancement of social development
         goals in structural adjustment programmes, mobilization of
         domestic and international resources for social development,
         and the framework for international, regional and subregional
         cooperation for social development.

         (a)   Priority theme:  Productive employment and sustainable
               livelihoods

                    The Commission will consider the following specific
               topics:  (i) the centrality of employment in policy
               formulation, including a broader recognition of work and
               employment; (ii) improving access to productive resources
               and infrastructure; and (iii) enhanced quality of work
               and employment.  The Commission will consider the
               specific topics also from a gender perspective.

         (b)   Review of relevant United Nations plans and programmes of
               action pertaining to the situation of social groups

                    The Commission will carry out the fourth quadrennial
               review of the International Plan of Action on Ageing and
               will consider the report of the Special Rapporteur of the
               Commission on progress in the implementation of the
               Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for
               Persons with Disabilities.  The Commission will also
               review follow-up arrangements for the International Year
               of the Family, as well as the World Programme of Action
               for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond and the
               International Year for the Eradication of Poverty.

                    The Commission will review concurrently the relevant
               activities of the Secretariat and receive reports from
               the regional commissions on their social development and
               social welfare activities, as well as reports on relevant
               expert group meetings.

               Documentation

               Report on the World Social Situation, 1997

               Report of the Secretary-General on the follow-up to the
               World Summit for Social Development

               Report of the Secretary-General on productive employment
               and sustainable livelihoods

               Report of the Secretary-General on the fourth review and
               appraisal of the International Plan of Action on Ageing

               Report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on
               progress in the implementation of the Standard Rules on
               the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with
               Disabilities

               Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation and
               follow-up of the World Programme of Action for Youth to
               the Year 2000 and Beyond

               Report of the Secretary-General on family issues

               Report of the Secretary-General on the major issues and
               programme activities of the Secretariat and the regional
               commissions relating to social development and social
               welfare and specific social groups

     4.  Programme questions and other matters:

         (a)   Programme performance and implementation;

         (b)   Proposed programme of work for the biennium 1998-1999;

         (c)   United Nations Research Institute for Social Development.

         Documentation

         Note by the Secretary-General on the proposed programme
         budget for the biennium 1998-1999

         Note by the Secretary-General on the nomination of members of
         the Board of the United Nations Research Institute for Social
         Development

         Report of the Board of the United Nations Research Institute
         for Social Development

     5.  Provisional agenda for the thirty-sixth session of the
     Commission.

     6.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its thirty-fifth
     session.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development and the future
role of the Commission for Social Development

70.  At the 44th meeting, on 22 July, the Council considered the draft
resolution entitled "Follow-up to the World Summit for Social
Development and the future role of the Commission for Social
Development", recommended by the Commission (E/1996/29, chap. I, sect.
A).

71.  At the request of the representative of the United States of
America, the Council voted on paragraphs 16 and 17 and on the draft
resolution as a whole.

72.  Paragraph 16 was adopted by a recorded vote of 46 to 1, with 4
abstentions.  The voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada,
                  Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia,
                  Costa Rica, 

                  Co^te d'Ivoire, Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland,
                  France, Gabon, Germany, Greece, Guyana, India,
                  Indonesia, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon,
                  Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nicaragua,
                  Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
                  Romania, Senegal, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand,
                  Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain
                  and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania,
                  Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     United States of America.

     Abstaining:
     Australia, Belarus, Japan, Russian Federation.

73.  Before paragraph 16 was adopted, the representative of Lebanon
made a statement.

74.  Paragraph 17 was adopted by a recorded vote of 44 to 1, with 6
abstentions.  The voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada,
                  Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia,
                  Costa Rica, Co^te d'Ivoire, Egypt, Finland, France,
                  Gabon, Germany, Greece, Guyana, India, Indonesia,
                  Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon, Luxembourg,
                  Malaysia, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines,
                  Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, South Africa,
                  Sweden, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United
                  Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United
                  Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     United States of America.

     Abstaining:
     Australia, Belarus, Czech Republic, Japan, Netherlands,  64/
     Russian Federation.

75.  The Council then adopted the draft resolution, as a whole, by a
recorded vote of 51 to one.  See Council resolution 1996/7 (para. 69
above).  The voting was as follows:

     In favour:   Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil,
                  Bulgaria, Canada, Central African Republic, Chile,
                  China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Co^te d'Ivoire, Czech
                  Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany,
                  Ghana, Greece, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Ireland,
                  Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malaysia,
                  Netherlands, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Paraguay,
                  Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian
                  Federation, Senegal, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand,
                  Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain
                  and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania,
                  Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     United States of America.

     Abstaining: None.

76.  Before the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement; after it was adopted,
statements were made by the representatives of Belarus, Japan and
Australia.


                   7.  Crime prevention and criminal justice

                                 INTRODUCTION

77.  At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
crime prevention and criminal justice (agenda item 5 (g)) at its 45th
and 47th meetings, on 23 and 24 July 1996.  An account of the
discussion is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.45
and 47).  It had before it the report of the Commission on Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice on its fifth session (E/1996/30 and
Corr.1).  65/


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

78.  Under agenda item 5 (g), the Council adopted 12 resolutions and
two decisions.


                                  Resolutions

                      1996/8.  Action against corruption

     The Economic and Social Council

     Recommends to the General Assembly the adoption of the following
draft resolution:

     The General Assembly,

     Concerned about the seriousness of problems posed by corruption,
which may endanger the stability and security of societies, undermine
the values of democracy and morality and jeopardize social, economic
and political development,

     Also concerned about the links between corruption and other forms
of crime, particularly organized crime and economic crime, including
money laundering,

     Convinced that, since corruption is a phenomenon that currently
crosses national borders and affects all societies and economies,
international cooperation to prevent and control it is essential,

     Convinced of the need to provide, upon request, to developing
countries and countries with economies in transition, technical
assistance designed to improve public management systems and enhance
accountability and transparency,

     Recalling the Inter-American Convention against Corruption,
adopted by the Organization of American States at the special
conference held at Caracas from 27 to 29 March 1996,

     Recalling also its resolutions 45/121 of 14 December 1990 and
46/152 of 18 December 1991 and Economic and Social Council resolutions
1992/22 of 30 July 1992, 1993/32 of 27 July 1993 and 1994/19 of
25 July 1994,

     Recalling in particular its resolution 50/225 of 19 April 1996 on
public administration and development,

     Recalling further Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/14
of 24 July 1995 on action against corruption,

     Recalling the work carried out by other international and regional
organizations in this field, including the activities of the Council
of Europe, the European Community, the Organisation for Economic
Cooperation and Development and the Organization of American States,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on action
against corruption,  66/ submitted to the Commission on Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice at its fifth session;

     2.  Adopts the International Code of Conduct for Public
Officials, contained in the annex to the present resolution, and
recommends it to Member States as a tool to guide their efforts
against corruption;

     3.  Requests the Secretary-General to distribute the Code of
Conduct to all States and to include it in the manual on practical
measures against corruption, to be revised and expanded pursuant to
Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/14, with a view to
offering both those tools to States in the context of advisory
services, training and other technical assistance activities;

     4.  Also requests the Secretary-General to continue collecting
information and legislative and regulatory texts from States and
relevant intergovernmental organizations, in the context of his
continuing study of the problem of corruption;

     5.  Further requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with
States and relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations, and in cooperation with the institutes comprising the
United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme
network, to elaborate an implementation plan and submit it to the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its sixth
session, in conjunction with the report to be submitted to the
Commission pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/14;

     6.  Urges States, relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations and the institutes comprising the United Nations crime
prevention and criminal justice programme network, to extend to the
Secretary-General their full support in elaborating the implementation
plan and in implementing the request contained in paragraph 4 above;

     7.  Urges Member States carefully to consider the problems posed
by the international aspects of corrupt practices, especially as
regards international economic activities carried out by corporate
entities, and to study appropriate legislative and regulatory measures
to ensure the transparency and integrity of financial systems and
transactions carried out by such corporate entities;

     8.  Requests the Secretary-General to intensify his efforts to
closely cooperate with other entities of the United Nations system and
other relevant international organizations and to more effectively
coordinate activities undertaken in this area;

     9.  Also requests the Secretary-General, subject to the
availability of extrabudgetary resources, to provide increased
advisory services and technical assistance to requesting Member
States, particularly in the elaboration of national strategies, the
elaboration or improvement of legislative and regulatory measures and
the establishment or strengthening of national capacities to prevent
and control corruption, as well as in training and upgrading the
skills of relevant personnel;

     10. Calls upon States, relevant international organizations and
financing institutions to extend to the Secretary-General their full
support and assistance in the implementation of the present
resolution;

     11. Requests the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice to keep the issue of action against corruption under regular
review.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


                                     Annex

              INTERNATIONAL CODE OF CONDUCT FOR PUBLIC OFFICIALS

                            I.  GENERAL PRINCIPLES

1.   A public office, as defined by national law, is a position of
trust, implying a duty to act in the public interest.  Therefore, the
ultimate loyalty of public officials shall be to the public interests
of their country as expressed through the democratic institutions of
government.

2.   Public officials shall ensure that they perform their duties and
functions efficiently and effectively, in accordance with laws or
administrative policies, and with integrity.  They shall at all times
seek to ensure that public resources for which they are responsible
are administered in the most effective and efficient manner.

3.   Public officials shall be attentive, fair and impartial in the
performance of their functions and, in particular, in their relations
with the public.  They shall at no time afford any undue preferential
treatment to any group or individual or improperly discriminate
against any group or individual, or otherwise abuse the power and
authority vested in them.


                II.  CONFLICTS OF INTEREST AND DISQUALIFICATION

4.   Public officials shall not use their official authority for the
improper advancement of their own or their family's personal or
financial interest.  They shall not engage in any transaction, acquire
any position or function, or have any financial, commercial or other
comparable interest that is incompatible with their office, functions
and duties or the discharge thereof.

5.   Public officials, to the extent required by the officials'
position, shall in accordance with laws or administrative policies,
declare business, commercial and financial interests, or activities
undertaken for financial gain that may raise a possible conflict of
interest.  In situations of possible or perceived conflict of interest
between public officials' duties and private interests they shall
comply with the measures established to reduce or eliminate such
conflict of interest.

6.   Public officials shall at no time improperly use public moneys,
property, services, or information which is acquired in the
performance of, or as a result of, their official duties for
activities not related to their official work.

7.   Public officials shall comply with measures established by law or
administrative policies in order that after leaving their official
positions they will not take improper advantage of their previous
office.


                          III.  DISCLOSURE OF ASSETS

8.   Public officials shall, in accord with the officials' position,
and as permitted or required by law and administrative policies,
comply with requirements to declare or to disclose personal assets and
liabilities, as well as, if possible, those of their spouses and/or
dependants.


                   IV.  ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS OR OTHER FAVOURS

9.   Public officials shall not solicit or receive directly or
indirectly any gift or other favours which may influence the exercise
of their functions, performance of their duties or their judgement.


                         V.  CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

10.  Matters of a confidential nature in the possession of public
officials shall be kept confidential unless national legislation, the
performance of duty or the needs of justice strictly require
otherwise.  Such restrictions shall apply also after separation from
service.


                            VI.  POLITICAL ACTIVITY

11.  The political or other activity of public officials outside the
scope of their office shall, in accordance with laws and
administrative policies, not be such as to impair public confidence in
the impartial performance of their functions and duties.


       1996/9.  United Nations declaration on crime and public security

     The Economic and Social Council

     Recommends to the General Assembly the adoption of the following
draft resolution:



     The General Assembly,

     Convinced that the adoption of a declaration on crime and public
security will contribute to the enhancement of the struggle against
serious transnational crime,

     1.  Approves the United Nations Declaration on Crime and Public
Security, the text of which is annexed to the present resolution;

     2.  Urges Member States, in accordance with the provisions of the
Declaration, to take all appropriate measures at the national and
international levels to combat serious transnational crime;

     3.  Invites the Secretary-General to inform all States and the
relevant specialized agencies and organizations of the adoption of the
Declaration;

     4.  Urges Member States to make every effort to ensure that the
Declaration becomes generally known and is observed and implemented in
full in accordance with their respective national legislation;

     5.  Invites Member States to promote public campaigns, including
the use of the mass media, that stimulate public awareness of and
participation in the process of crime prevention and promotion of
public security.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


                                     Annex

            UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION ON CRIME AND PUBLIC SECURITY

     The General Assembly

     Solemnly proclaims the following United Nations Declaration on
Crime and Public Security:


                                   Article 1

     Member States shall seek to protect the security and well-being of
their citizens and all persons within their jurisdictions by taking
effective national measures to combat serious transnational crime,
including organized crime, illicit drug and arms trafficking,
smuggling of other illicit articles, organized trafficking in persons,
terrorist crimes and the laundering of proceeds from serious crimes,
and shall pledge their mutual cooperation in those efforts.


                                   Article 2

     Member States shall promote bilateral, regional multilateral and
global law enforcement cooperation and assistance, including, as
appropriate, mutual legal assistance arrangements to facilitate the
detection, apprehension and prosecution of those who commit or are
otherwise responsible for serious transnational crimes and to ensure
that law enforcement and other competent authorities can cooperate
effectively on an international basis.
                                   Article 3

     Member States shall take measures to prevent support for and
operations of criminal organizations in their national territories. 
Member States shall, to the fullest possible extent, provide for
effective extradition or prosecution of those who engage in serious
transnational crimes in order that they find no safe haven.


                                   Article 4

     Mutual cooperation and assistance in matters concerning serious
transnational crime shall also include, as appropriate, the
strengthening of systems for the sharing of information among Member
States and the provision of bilateral and multilateral technical
assistance to Member States by utilizing training, exchange programmes
and law enforcement training academies and criminal justice institutes
at the international level.


                                   Article 5

     Member States that have not yet done so are urged to become
parties as soon as possible to the principal existing international
treaties relating to various aspects of the problem of international
terrorism.  States parties shall effectively implement their
provisions in order to fight against terrorist crimes.  Member States
shall also take measures to implement General Assembly resolution
49/60 of 9 December 1994 on measures to eliminate international
terrorism and its annex containing the Declaration on Measures to
Eliminate International Terrorism.


                                   Article 6

     Member States that have not yet done so are urged to become
parties to the international drug control conventions as soon as
possible.  States parties shall effectively implement the provisions
of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961,  67/ that
Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol Amending the Single
Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961,  68/ the Convention on
Psychotropic Substances of 1971,  69/ and the United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances of 1988.  70/  Member States specifically reaffirm
that, on the basis of shared responsibility, they shall take all
necessary preventive and enforcement measures to eliminate the illicit
production of, trafficking in, and distribution and consumption of
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, including measures to
facilitate the fight against those criminals involved in this type of
transnational organized crime.

                                   Article 7

     Member States shall take measures within their national
jurisdictions to improve their ability to detect and interdict the
movement across borders of those who engage in serious transnational
crime, as well as the instrumentalities of such crime, and shall take
effective specific measures to protect their territorial boundaries,
such as:

     (a) Adopting effective controls on explosives and against illicit
trafficking by criminals in certain materials and their components
that are specifically designed for use in manufacturing nuclear,
biological or chemical weapons and, in order to lessen risks arising
from such trafficking, by becoming party to and fully implementing all
relevant international treaties relating to weapons of mass
destruction;

     (b) Strengthening supervision of passport issuance and
enhancement of protection against tampering and counterfeiting;

     (c) Strengthening enforcement of regulations on illicit
transnational trafficking in firearms, with a view to both suppressing
the use of firearms in criminal activities and reducing the likelihood
of fuelling deadly conflict;

     (d) Coordinating measures and exchanging information to combat
the organized criminal smuggling of persons across national borders.


                                   Article 8

     To combat further the transnational flow of the proceeds of crime,
Member States agree to adopt measures, as appropriate, to combat the
concealment or disguise of the true origin of proceeds of serious
transnational crime and the intentional conversion or transfer of such
proceeds for that purpose.  Member States agree to require adequate
record-keeping by financial and related institutions and, as
appropriate, the reporting of suspicious transactions, and to ensure
effective laws and procedures to permit the seizure and forfeiture of
the proceeds of serious transnational crime.  Member States recognize
the need to limit the application of bank secrecy laws, if any, with
respect to criminal operations, and to obtain the cooperation of the
financial institutions in detecting these and any other operations
which may be used for the purpose of money laundering.


                                   Article 9

     Member States agree to take steps to strengthen the overall
professionalism of their criminal justice, law enforcement and victim
assistance systems, and relevant regulatory authorities, through
measures such as training, resource allocation and arrangements for
technical assistance with other States, and to promote the involvement
of all elements of their societies in combating and preventing serious
transnational crime.


                                  Article 10

     Member States agree to combat and prohibit corruption and bribery,
which undermine the legal foundations of civil society, by enforcing
applicable domestic laws against such activity.  For this purpose
Member States also agree to consider developing concerted measures for
international cooperation to curb corrupt practices, as well as
developing technical expertise to prevent and control corruption.

                                  Article 11

     Actions taken in furtherance of this Declaration shall fully
respect the national sovereignty and territorial jurisdiction of
Member States as well as the rights and obligations of Member States
under existing treaties and international  law, and shall be
consistent with human rights and fundamental freedoms as recognized by
the United Nations.


               1996/10.  The role of criminal law in the protection
                         of the environment

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 45/121 of 14 December 1990
on the Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and
the Treatment of Offenders, in which the Assembly welcomed the
instruments and resolutions adopted by the Eighth Congress, which
included a resolution on the role of criminal law in the protection of
nature and the environment,  71/

     Recalling also General Assembly resolution 46/152 of
18 December 1991, in which the Assembly called for strengthened
international cooperation to combat transnational crime,

     Recalling further its resolution 1992/22 of 30 July 1992, in
section VI of which it determined that three priority themes should
guide the work of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice, one of which included the role of criminal law in the
protection of the environment, and in section III of which it invited
Member States to establish reliable and effective channels of
communication among themselves and with the United Nations crime
prevention and criminal justice programme, including the regional
institutes affiliated with the United Nations,

     Reaffirming the principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment
and Development,  72/

     Bearing in mind the activities and deliberations on sustainable
development relating to the transfer of environmentally sound
technology and the relevant provisions of Agenda 21  73/ on the
same subject,

     Recognizing the importance of enhancing international cooperation
in the enforcement of domestic and international environmental
criminal laws, and of promoting operational activities in that area,

     Considering that for several years legal experts have been
discussing the need for the establishment of an international court
for environmental matters,

     Bearing in mind that a number of meetings of legal experts
specializing in environmental and criminal matters have suggested to
Governments to consider discussing, in the United Nations, the
feasibility of establishing an international court for environmental
matters,

     Aware that it is essential to protect the environment not only at
the national level, but also at the international level, with due
respect for the sovereignty of States, and that in this respect it may
be appropriate to continue developing at the international level
standards in criminal law for the protection of the environment,

     Taking note with appreciation of the monograph on capacity-
building in criminal enforcement of environmental law,  74/

     Bearing in mind that a proposal regarding the possibility of
establishing a court having environmental jurisdiction was made at the
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held at Rio
de Janeiro, Brazil, from 3 to 14 June 1992,

     1.  Appreciates the efforts of the Government of Costa Rica to
continue discussions on the function of criminal law as regards
protection of the environment, also appreciates the offer of
Government to host, in November 1996, an expert group meeting on that
issue and invites the Secretary-General to provide the necessary
collaboration in the organization of the meeting;

     2.  Requests the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member
States in order to determine the feasibility of establishing
appropriate machinery for applying criminal law for the protection of
the environment;

     3.  Decides that the issue of criminal law for the protection of
the environment should continue to be one of the priority issues of
the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its future
sessions;

     4.  Requests the Secretary-General to establish and maintain
close cooperation with Member States and intergovernmental,
non-governmental and other organizations active in the field of
environmental protection, particularly in the area of technical
cooperation and assistance, including the formulation and
implementation of joint projects on enforcement of environmental
criminal law and other relevant activities within the United Nations
system concerned with legal matters;

     5.  Also requests the Secretary-General to maintain and expand
the roster of experts in this field and to continue gathering
information on national environmental criminal law and regional and
multinational initiatives;

     6.  Calls upon Member States to cooperate with each other, as
well as with international organizations, in their efforts to prevent
crimes against the environment, and to include appropriate penal
provisions in their laws and ensure their enforcement;

     7.  Recognizes the arrangements for preparing a manual for
professionals responsible for enforcement of environmental criminal
law, and recommends that this work be carried out by an expert group
meeting, subject to the availability of extrabudgetary funds; 

     8.  Calls upon Member States to support technical cooperation
activities in environmental matters by making contributions in kind or
by contributing to the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice Fund;

     9.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Commission on
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its sixth session on the
implementation of the present resolution.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


             1996/11.  International cooperation and assistance in the
                       management of the criminal justice system:
                       computerization of criminal justice operations
                       and the development, analysis and policy use
                       of crime and criminal justice information

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 46/152 of 18 December 1991
on the creation of an effective United Nations crime prevention and
criminal justice programme, in the annex to which it is stipulated
that the general goals of the programme should be to contribute to,
inter alia, more efficient and effective administration of criminal
justice, with due respect for the human rights of all those affected
by crime and all those involved in the criminal justice system, and in
paragraph 5 of which the Assembly decided that the United Nations
crime prevention and criminal justice programme should provide States
with practical assistance so as to prove their response to crime,

     Recalling also General Assembly resolution 45/109 of
14 December 1990 on the computerization of criminal justice, in which
the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to establish, in
cooperation with the network of institutes for the prevention of crime
and the treatment of offenders affiliated with the United Nations, a
technical cooperation programme for the computerization of criminal
justice information in order to offer training, assess needs and
formulate and execute specific projects,

     Recalling further its resolution 1992/22 of 30 July 1992,
section I, in which it reaffirmed the request of the General Assembly
to the Secretary-General to strengthen the programme as a whole, so as
to enable it to further develop clearing-house facilities in relation
to crime prevention and criminal justice issues, including the
capacity to match the needs for training with the opportunities
available to meet them,

     Taking note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-
General on the draft action plan on international cooperation and
assistance with regard to statistical and computerized applications in
the management of the criminal justice system,  75/

     Mindful that the development of a more structured framework is
critical to the delivery of the activities described in the above-
mentioned report of the Secretary-General and that an international
technical cooperation infrastructure is important in facilitating the
access of Member States to relevant resources and information
regarding existing programmes and projects,

     Emphasizing the common problems faced by all Member States in the
administration and computerization of criminal justice,

     Emphasizing also that developing countries, countries with
economies in transition and developed countries, by enhancing their
capacity to exchange information at the international level, may
benefit from international cooperation in the computerization of
criminal justice information,

     Acknowledging the importance of the United Nations Crime and
Justice Information Network and the United Nations On-line Crime and
Justice Clearing-house in the development of the information-sharing
capacity of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice
programme undertaken through collaborative efforts of the institutes
comprising the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice
programme network,

     1.  Urges Member States, governmental, intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations and the private sector to assist the
Secretary-General, in cooperation with the institutes comprising the
United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme
network, in strengthening the technical cooperation capacity of the
network by:

     (a) Establishing an advisory steering group, administered by the
Secretary-General in close coordination with the institutes comprising
the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme
network, including assistance from the administration of the United
Nations Crime and Justice Information Network and the United Nations
On-line Crime and Justice Clearing-house, drawing upon extrabudgetary
resources, which would be responsible for:

     (i) Reviewing and assessing, at the request of Member States,
         their national experiences in the computerization of criminal
         justice operations and criminal justice information systems;

    (ii) Giving advice to the Secretary-General on the establishment
         of the technical cooperation programme;

   (iii) Giving advice to the Secretary-General on the activities of
         the technical cooperation programme;

    (iv) Informing Member States of funds and services that might be
         available from various donors in the governmental,
         intergovernmental, non-governmental and private sectors;

     (v) Informing such donors of the needs of Member States for
         assistance;

    (vi) Consulting with relevant experts in the field of criminal
         justice;

   (vii) Assisting Member States, at their request in developing
         criteria and mechanisms for the establishment of a platform
         for the exchange of information between distinct entities
         able to provide information and experience useful for the
         management of the criminal justice system;

     (b) Identifying a standing pool of experts for the practical
implementation of technical cooperation activities, in particular for:

     (i) Assessing needs in both the computerization of criminal
         justice operations and the development of criminal justice
         information systems;

    (ii) Designing and coordinating training programmes in both the
         computerization of criminal justice operations and the
         development of criminal justice information systems;

   (iii) Assisting in the design, development and implementation of
         actual computerization projects;

    (iv) Providing other needed expert advice as requested;

     (c) Actively participating in the United Nations Crime and
Justice Information Network and the United Nations On-line Crime and
Justice Clearing-house through:

     (i) Adopting the conceptual design of the United Nations On-line
         Crime and Justice Clearing-house, that builds upon the United
         Nations Crime and Justice Information Network, as a model for
         international sharing and dissemination of information and
         consulting with other participating Member States and United
         Nations bodies on information exchange policies, procedures
         and standards;

    (ii) Establishing national points of contact for electronic
         communications in relevant government agencies;

   (iii) Making national public information in the area of crime
         prevention and criminal justice available on the Internet via
         linkages with the United Nations Crime and Justice
         Information Network and the United Nations On-line Crime and
         Justice Clearing-house;

     2.  Requests the Secretary-General, in concert with experts from
interested States and the institutes comprising the United Nations
crime prevention and criminal justice programme network, to conduct,
using existing resources of the regular budget of the United Nations,
a survey of national capacities for the collection of crime
statistics, as a supplement to the Fifth United Nations Survey of
Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, using as a
draft guide the form annexed to the present resolution;

     3.  Calls on Member States to contribute to the survey of
national capacities by providing the necessary information in a timely
manner;

     4.  Requests the Secretary-General to keep the Commission on
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice informed about the progress
made;

     5.  Calls on Member States to assist the Secretary-General in
funding the establishment of the advisory steering group, in
identifying the standing pool of experts, and in funding the
activities called for in the present resolution.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996
                                     Annex

         FORM FOR THE SURVEY OF NATIONAL CAPACITIES FOR THE COLLECTION
               OF DATA ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE


COUNTRY ----------------------------------------------------------------------

AGENCY -----------------------------------------------------------------------


STATISTICS PRODUCED

1.   Does the country have statistics on crimes reported or detected by
law enforcement agencies?

                         Yes           No

     For all crimes     -----         -----

     For some crimes    -----         -----

     (a) The statistics include:

     National data ----- Regional data -----       Provincial data -----      

                         From all regions  Yes  No From all provinces  Yes  No

     (b) The statistics include the following:

     Breakdown by legal property involved           Yes           No

     Breakdown by crime                                           Yes   No

     Breakdown by sex                               Yes           No

     Breakdown by age                               Yes           No

     Existence of a link between victim
     of violent crime and offender                  Yes           No

     Instances of violence against persons          Yes           No

     Instances of violence against property         Yes           No

     Use of firearms                                Yes           No

     Agency receiving the report                    Yes           No

     (c) The statistics are generated:

     Periodically                            Yes                  No

     At the following intervals:             Monthly -----    Quarterly -----
 
                                             Half-yearly -----  Yearly -----

2.   Does the country keep national statistics on crimes committed,
including an estimate of the number of unreported crimes?  If yes,
give a brief description of the method used to calculate the number of
unreported crimes.

DESCRIPTION OF THE AGENCY OR AGENCIES RESPONSIBLE FOR DATA COLLECTION

3.   Does the country have any national public agency with the task of
compiling and preparing statistics?  Does it prepare and compile
information relating exclusively to crime prevention and criminal
justice?

     (a) Are the preparation and compilation of statistics on crime
prevention and criminal justice the main task of this agency or does
it carry out this task merely as a sideline to other, principal
activities?  If so, what is the principal activity of the agency?

     Note:  If a number of agencies have this task, provide the
information requested below only in respect of the agency whose main
function is to compile and prepare statistics.

     (b) Does this agency prepare its own statistics or does it
collect statistics prepared by other agencies?

     (i) If it prepares its own statistics:

         a.    Does it do so for all crimes or only certain crimes?  If
               so, for which crimes?

         b.    Does it use the official figures produced by the same
               type of source for all its investigations or does it use
               different figures depending on the phenomenon to be
               investigated?

         c.    It draws its information from:

               Judicial proceedings ----------  

               Police reports       ----------  

               Other sources        ----------  

          d.   Is there a standard procedure for conducting these
               investigations or does it vary depending on the
               phenomenon to be investigated?

          e.   When the scale of the investigation exceeds the agency's
               operating capacity, does it enter into agreements with
               other agencies?  If yes, does it use private or public
               agencies?

          f.   Does it look at the level of unreported crimes as a
               matter of course?  Indicate the procedure used.

          g.   Are there any legal provisions governing the agency's
               data collection activity?

    (ii)  If the agency compiles statistics produced by other agencies:

          a.   The data are supplied by:

               Regional agencies            ------

               Provincial or State agencies ------

               Private agencies             ------

               Public agencies              ------

          b.   Does it obtain information from a single agency or a
               number of agencies?

          c.   Give a brief description of the data collection procedure
               used by the agency providing the information and of the
               centralization method developed by the agency dealing
               with that information.

          d.   Is the information received subject to any form of
               control?  If so, please describe.

          e.   Are there are any legal provisions that govern the data
               compilation activity of the centralizing agency? 
               Describe the provisions.

INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE AGENCY

4.  How many staff members does the agency permanently employ to
compile and prepare crime prevention and criminal justice statistics?

              1-5  -----            6-10  -----            11-20 -----

            21-30  -----            31-40 -----            41-50 -----

     More than 50  -----

5.  Does it have dedicated data-processing equipment for the task? 
Give a brief description.

6.  Does the agency publish the results of its work?  How frequently?

    Name of the agency: ------------------------------------------------------

    Reporting to: ------------------------------------------------------------

    Head of the agency: ------------------------------------------------------

    Address: -----------------------------------------------------------------

    Telephone: ----------------------------------  Postal code:  -------------

OTHER AGENCIES

7.  If there are other agencies that are capable of providing
statistical information in your country, please give the following
details:

    Name of the agency: -----------------------------------------------------

    Reporting to: -----------------------------------------------------------

    Head of the agency: ------------------------------------------------------

    Address: -----------------------------------------------------------------

    Telephone: ----------------------------------  Postal code:  -------------


    Name of the agency: ------------------------------------------------------

    Reporting to: ------------------------------------------------------------

    Head of the agency: ------------------------------------------------------

    Address: -----------------------------------------------------------------

    Telephone: ----------------------------------  Postal code: --------------


                1996/12.  Elimination of violence against women

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Welcoming the proclamation by the General Assembly, in its
resolution 48/104 of 20 December 1993, of the Declaration on the
Elimination of Violence against Women, contained in that resolution,
and recalling the definition of violence against women contained in
articles 1 and 2 of the Declaration,

     Reaffirming the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action  76/
adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights, held at Vienna
from 14 to 25 June 1993, and its confirmation that the human rights of
women and of the girl child are an inalienable, integral and
indivisible part of universal human rights, as well as its affirmation
that gender-based violence and all forms of sexual harassment and
exploitation are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human
person and must be eliminated,

     Recognizing that violence against women both violates human rights
and fundamental freedoms and impairs or nullifies the enjoyment by
women of those rights and freedoms, and concerned about the long-
standing failure to protect and promote those rights and freedoms,

     Strongly condemning all forms of violence against women as set out
in article 2 of the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against
Women,

     Recognizing that the effective implementation of the Convention on
the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, adopted
by the General Assembly in its resolution 34/180 of 18 December 1979,
contributes to the elimination of violence against women and that the
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women strengthens
and complements that process,

     Bearing in mind that, as stated in article 4 of the Declaration on
the Elimination of Violence against Women, States should not invoke
any custom, tradition or religious consideration to avoid their
obligations with respect to the elimination of violence against women,

     Recalling that the General Assembly, in its resolution 48/104,
recognized that violence against women was a manifestation of
historically unequal power relations between men and women which had
led to domination over and discrimination against women by men and to
the prevention of the full advancement of women, and that violence
against women was one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women
were forced into a subordinate position compared with men,

     Recalling Commission on Human Rights resolutions 1995/85 of
8 March 1995  77/ and 1996/49 of 19 April 1996  78/ on the
elimination of violence against women,

     Welcoming the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution
50/166 of 22 December 1995 on the role of the United Nations
Development Fund for Women in eliminating violence against women,

     Recalling the appointment by the Commission on Human Rights of the
Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and
consequences, and the conclusions and recommendations of the Special
Rapporteur that States have an affirmative duty to promote and protect
the human rights of women and must exercise due diligence to prevent
violence against women, as outlined in Commission on Human Rights
resolution 1996/49,

     Also recalling the statement of the Special Rapporteur that
pornography is perhaps the extreme manifestation of the media's
violence against women,  79/

     Commending the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division of
the Secretariat for its work on the elimination of violence against
women and its ongoing cooperation with the Special Rapporteur,

     Welcoming the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action,  80/
adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women, held at Beijing
from 4 to 15 September 1995, and in particular, the determination of
Governments to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against
women and girls, including in armed conflict,

     Recognizing the need to implement the Beijing Declaration and
Platform for Action in the field of crime prevention and criminal
justice and to develop practical measures, strategies and activities
in that field,

     Reaffirming that rape in the conduct of armed conflict constitutes
a war crime and that under certain circumstances it constitutes a
crime against humanity and an act of genocide as defined in the
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of
Genocide,  81/

     Expressing deep concern about the high social, health and economic
costs to the individual and society that are associated with violence
against women,

     Bearing in mind that criminal justice agencies should work closely
with practitioners in other sectors, including health, social services
and education, and with members of the community to address the
problem of violence against women,

     Recognizing that various groups of women, such as women belonging
to minority groups, indigenous women, refugee women, women migrants,
including women migrant workers, women in poverty living in rural or
remote communities, destitute women, women in institutions or in
detention, female children, women with disabilities, elderly women,
displaced women, repatriated women, women living in poverty and women
in situations of armed conflict and other situations of violence,
foreign occupation, war of aggression, civil war and terrorism,
including hostage-taking, are also particularly vulnerable to
violence,

     Welcoming the role of non-governmental organizations, women's
equality-seeking organizations and community agencies in addressing
and working towards the elimination of violence against women, in
particular in drawing attention to the nature, severity and magnitude
of violence against women and in assisting women who are victims of
violence,

     1.   Urges Member States to ensure that all forms of violence
against women are, in the absence of existing laws, legislatively
proscribed;

     2.   Also urges Member States to review or monitor legislation and
legal principles, procedures, policies and practices relating to
criminal matters, in a manner consistent with their legal systems, to
determine if they have an adverse or negative impact on women and, if
they have such an impact, to modify them in order to ensure that women
are treated fairly by the criminal justice system;

     3.   Further urges Member States to undertake strategies, develop
policies and disseminate materials to promote women's safety in the
home and in society at large, including specific crime prevention
strategies that reflect the realities of women's lives and address
their distinct needs in areas such as social development,
environmental design and educational programmes in crime prevention;

     4.   Further urges Member States to promote an active and visible
policy of ensuring that a gender perspective is brought to the
development and application of all policies and programmes that
address violence against women so that, before decisions are taken, an
analysis may be made of their effects on women and men respectively;

     5.   Further urges Member States to adopt measures to ensure that
acts of violence against women, whether in public or private, are
recognized as criminal matters that are, as appropriate, open to
public scrutiny and intervention;

     6.   Urges Member States and international and regional
organizations to take all measures required for the protection of
women and children from rape, systematic rape, sexual slavery and
forced pregnancy in the conduct of armed conflict and to strengthen
mechanisms to investigate and punish all those responsible for the
perpetration of such crimes and to bring the perpetrators to justice;

     7.   Encourages the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division
of the Secretariat and other crime prevention bodies and mechanisms to
avail themselves of the information and materials on violence against
women, including violence in the family, violence in the community and
violence by the State that are being gathered by Governments and
United Nations treaty bodies, other special rapporteurs, specialized
agencies, bodies and organs, and intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations, including women's equality-seeking
organizations;

     8.   Calls upon the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice, through the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division
and the institutes comprising the United Nations crime prevention and
criminal justice programme network, to coordinate with all relevant
organs, bodies and other entities of the United Nations system their
activities on issues relating to violence against women and to the
removal of gender bias in the administration of criminal justice;

     9.   Calls upon the institutes comprising the programme network to
consolidate and disseminate information on successful intervention
models and preventive programmes at the national level;

     10.  Urges United Nations entities and the institutes comprising
the programme network to continue and to improve training concerning
the human rights of women and issues of gender bias and violence
against women for all United Nations personnel and officials,
especially those in human rights and humanitarian relief, peacekeeping
and peacemaking activities, and to promote their understanding of the
human rights of women so that they can recognize and deal with
violations of the human rights of women and can fully take into
account the gender aspect of their work;

     11.  Requests the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice to ensure that Strategies for Confronting Domestic Violence: 
A Resource Manual,  82/ which has been published in English, is
published in the other official languages of the United Nations,
subject to the availability of regular budgetary or extrabudgetary
funds;

     12.  Calls upon Governments, international organizations and
non-governmental organizations, as appropriate, to translate
Strategies for Confronting Domestic Violence:  A Resource Manual and
to ensure its wide dissemination for use in training and education
programmes;

     13.  Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General on practical
measures in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice to
eliminate violence against women,  83/ commends the work of the
institutes comprising the United Nations crime prevention and criminal
justice programme network in undertaking practical measures to
eliminate violence against women and urges them to continue their work
on this issue;

     14.  Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General on the draft
plan of action on the elimination of violence against women,  84/
and notes the revised document produced by the Commission on Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice at its fifth session, entitled
"Practical measures, strategies and activities in the field of crime
prevention and criminal justice for the elimination of violence
against women";  85/

     15.  Requests the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member
States, institutes comprising the United Nations crime prevention and
criminal justice programme network, relevant United Nations entities
and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, on the draft
practical measures, strategies and activities in the field of crime
prevention and criminal justice for the elimination of violence
against women and, taking into account the views received, to submit a
report containing the text of the draft practical measures, strategies
and activities, as well as a report on the views received, to the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its sixth
session so that it may be discussed by the open-ended in-sessional
working group of the Commission;

     16.  Calls upon Member States, in providing their views, as noted
in paragraph 15 above, to include the multidisciplinary views of their
ministries, departments and agencies that have responsibilities
related to the elimination of violence against women;

     17.  Decides that the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice should continue to consider the elimination of violence
against women within its priority themes and that the Commission
should consider, at its sixth session, the reports of the Secretary-
General referred to in paragraph 15 above and the draft practical
measures, strategies and activities in the field of crime prevention
and criminal justice for the elimination of violence against women.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


                 1996/13.  Administration of juvenile justice

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Aware of the specific situation of children and juveniles, in
particular when deprived of their liberty, and concerned about the
severity with which they are used as instruments in criminal
activities,

     Emphasizing the importance of coordinating the activities in the
field of the administration of justice carried out under the
responsibility of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice with those carried out under the responsibility of the
Commission on Human Rights,

     Recalling resolution 7 of the Ninth United Nations Congress on the
Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, on children as
victims and perpetrators of crime and the United Nations criminal
justice programme:  from standard setting towards implementation and
action,  86/ and Council resolution 1995/27 of 24 July 1995,

     Recalling also General Assembly resolution 50/181 of 22 December
1995 on human rights in the administration of justice,

     Recalling further Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/32 of
19 April 1996 on human rights in the administration of justice, in
particular of children and juveniles in detention,  87/

     Noting that the Committee on the Rights of the Child attaches
particular importance to the question of the administration of
juvenile justice and that it includes in its conclusions on reports of
States parties concrete recommendations concerning the provisions of
advisory services and technical cooperation in this field,

     Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on children
as victims and perpetrators of crime,  88/

     1.   Welcomes the progress made with regard to elaborating a
programme of action to promote the effective use and application of
international standards and norms in juvenile justice;

     2.   Recognizes the need to further strengthen international
cooperation and practical technical assistance in the field of
juvenile justice;

     3.   Calls upon Governments once again to make effective use and
application of international standards in the administration of
justice and, to that end, to provide for effective legislative and
other mechanisms and procedures;

     4.   Encourages States to make use of technical assistance offered
by the United Nations programmes of advisory services and technical
assistance in order to strengthen national capacities and
infrastructure in the field of the administration of justice;

     5.   Calls upon Governments to include in their national
development plans the administration of justice as an integral part of
the development process and, to that end, to allocate adequate
resources for improving the administration of juvenile justice, as
well as to make use of technical assistance offered, at their request,
by the United Nations programmes of technical cooperation in this
field;

     6.   Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, as well as relevant United Nations bodies and programmes, to
consider favourably requests by States for assistance in the field of
the administration of justice;

     7.   Invites the Secretary-General, the United Nations Children's
Fund, the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank, as
well as other international and regional organizations and
non-governmental organizations, to place emphasis on technical
assistance projects in the field of juvenile justice;

     8.   Invites the Secretary-General to strengthen system-wide
coordination of technical assistance projects in the field of juvenile
delinquency prevention and the establishment or improvement of
juvenile justice systems;

     9.   Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights to continue to pay special attention to the subject of juvenile
justice and, in close cooperation with the Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice Division of the Secretariat, the United Nations
Children's Fund and the Committee on the Rights of the Child, to
develop strategies to ensure effective coordination of technical
cooperation programmes in the field of juvenile justice;

     10.  Requests the Secretary-General to organize, in cooperation
with the Government of Austria, a meeting of an expert group on the
elaboration of a programme of action to promote the effective use and
application of international standards and norms in juvenile justice,
using extrabudgetary resources made available by the Government
expressly for that purpose;

     11.  Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its sixth
session on the implementation of the present resolution;

     12.  Decides that the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice at its sixth session should consider the draft programme of
action on juvenile justice.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


           1996/14.  Use and application of the Declaration of Basic
                     Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and 
                     Abuse of Power                                 

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for
Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power, adopted, on the recommendation of
the Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the
Treatment of Offenders, by the General Assembly in its resolution
40/34 of 29 November 1985,

     Recalling also its resolution 1995/27 of 24 July 1995, section IV,
paragraph 32, in which it requested the Secretary-General to seek the
views of Member States and relevant organizations on the advisability
of preparing a manual on the use and application of the Declaration of
Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power,

     Noting with appreciation the deliberations and work of the Expert
Group Meeting on Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power in the
International Setting, held at Vienna from 18 to 22 December 1995, and
its recommendations,  89/

     Noting the usefulness of the manuals already published and
disseminated by the Secretariat under the United Nations prevention
and criminal justice programme,

     1.   Recognizes the desirability of preparing a draft manual or
draft manuals on the use and application of the Declaration of Basic
Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power for
submission to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
at its sixth session, on the understanding that the Secretary-General
will seek the views of Member States on the draft manual or draft
manuals and will report on those views to the Commission at its
seventh session;

     2.   Recommends that this work be undertaken, taking into account
the different legal systems and practices of each State, by expert
group meetings to be convened with extrabudgetary funds in cooperation
with the institutes comprising the United Nations crime prevention and
criminal justice programme network, the World Society of Victimology
and other entities, and with the support of the Secretary-General;

     3.   Welcomes the offers by the Governments of the Netherlands and
the United States of America to host the expert group meetings;

     4.   Recommends that the expert group meetings explore the
feasibility of establishing a database on promising practices and
legislation on victim-related issues, as a supplement to the manual or
manuals;

     5.   Decides that the use and application of the Declaration
should be considered by the Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice as a topic under an appropriate agenda item;

     6.   Requests the Secretary-General to bring to the attention of
the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of an International
Criminal Court the potential applicability of the basic principles
contained in the Declaration.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


         1996/15.  Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of
                   those facing the death penalty                     

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling General Assembly resolutions 2857 (XXVI) of
20 December 1971 and 32/61 of 8 December 1977 and Economic and Social
Council resolutions 1745 (LIV) of 16 May 1973, 1930 (LVIII) of 6 May
1975, 1990/51 of 24 July 1990 and 1995/57 of 28 July 1995,

     Recalling also article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil
and Political Rights,  90/

     Recalling further the safeguards guaranteeing protection of the
rights of those facing the death penalty, annexed to its resolution
1984/50 of 25 May 1984, and its resolution 1989/64 of 24 May 1989 on
the implementation of the safeguards,

     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on capital
punishment and implementation of the safeguards guaranteeing
protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty,  91/

     Recalling the Principles on the Effective Prevention and
Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions, set
forth in the annex to its resolution 1989/65 of 24 May 1989 and
endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolution 44/162 of
15 December 1989, and taking note of the recommendations of the
Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions
concerning the death penalty contained in his report to the Commission
on Human Rights at its fifty-second session,  92/

     Taking note of Security Council resolution 827 (1993) of 25 May
1993, in which the Security Council decided to establish the
International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for
Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the
Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991 and to adopt the Statute
of the International Tribunal annexed to the report of the Secretary-
General pursuant to paragraph 2 of Security Council resolution
808 (1993),  93/ and taking note also of Security Council
resolution 955 (1994) of 8 November 1994, in which the Security
Council decided to establish the International Criminal Tribunal for
the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Genocide and Other Serious
Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the
Territory of Rwanda and Rwandan Citizens Responsible for Genocide and
Other Such Violations Committed in the Territory of Neighbouring
States between 1 January and 31 December 1994 and to adopt the Statute
of the International Tribunal for Rwanda annexed to that resolution,

     1.   Notes that, during the period covered by the report of the
Secretary-General on capital punishment and implementation of the
safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the
death penalty, an increasing number of countries abolished the death
penalty and others followed a policy reducing the number of capital
offences, and declared that they had not sentenced any offender to
that penalty, while still others retained it and a few reintroduced
it;

     2.   Calls upon Member States in which the death penalty has not
been abolished to effectively apply the safeguards guaranteeing
protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty, in which
it is stated that capital punishment may be imposed for only the most
serious crimes, it being understood that their scope should not go
beyond intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave
consequences;

     3.   Encourages Member States in which the death penalty has not
been abolished to ensure that each defendant facing a possible death
sentence is given all guarantees to ensure a fair trial, as contained
in article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political
Rights, and bearing in mind the Basic Principles on the Independence
of the Judiciary,  94/ the Basic Principles on the Role of
Lawyers,  95/ the Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors, 
96/ the Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any
Form of Detention or Imprisonment,  97/ and the Standard Minimum
Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners;  98/

     4.   Also encourages Member States in which the death penalty has
not been abolished to ensure that defendants who do not sufficiently
understand the language used in court are fully informed, by way of
interpretation or translation, of all the charges against them and the
content of the relevant evidence deliberated in court;

     5.   Calls upon Member States in which the death penalty may be
carried out to allow adequate time for the preparation of appeals to a
court of higher jurisdiction and for the completion of appeal
proceedings, as well as petitions for clemency, in order to
effectively apply rules 5 and 8 of the safeguards guaranteeing
protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty;

     6.   Also calls upon Member States in which the death penalty may
be carried out to ensure that officials involved in decisions to carry
out an execution are fully informed of the status of appeals and
petitions for clemency of the prisoner in question;

     7.   Urges Member States in which the death penalty may be carried
out to effectively apply the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment
of Prisoners, in order to keep to a minimum the suffering of prisoners
under sentence of death and to avoid any exacerbation of such
suffering.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


             1996/16.  United Nations standards and norms in crime
                       prevention and criminal justice            

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Reaffirming the importance of United Nations standards, norms and
guidelines in crime prevention and criminal justice,

     Stressing the need for further coordination and concerted action
in translating those standards and norms into practice,

     Recalling its resolution 1993/34 of 27 July 1993, in section III
of which it requested the Secretary-General to commence a process of
information-gathering to be undertaken by means of surveys, such as
reporting systems, and contributions from other sources, including
intergovernmental as well as non-governmental organizations and
institutes,

     Recalling also its resolution 1994/18 of 25 July 1994,

     Recalling further its resolution 1995/13 of 24 July 1995, in which
it requested the Secretary-General to develop questionnaires on the
United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of
Juvenile Justice (the Beijing Rules),  99/ the United Nations
Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (the Riyadh
Guidelines)  100/ and the United Nations Rules for the
Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty,  101/ to be
considered by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
at its fifth session, with a view to requesting the Secretary-General
to submit a report on the replies to the Commission at a subsequent
session,

     1.   Invites Governments to ensure the promotion and widest
possible dissemination of United Nations standards and norms in crime
prevention and criminal justice and to publish the Compendium of
United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice  102/ in the languages of their countries;

     2.   Requests the Secretary-General, subject to the availability
of extrabudgetary funds, to ensure the reprinting of the Compendium in
sufficient numbers in all the official languages of the United
Nations;

     3.   Reaffirms the important role of the United Nations network of
institutes and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations in
contributing to the effective use and application of United Nations
standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice;

     4.   Requests the Secretary-General to widely disseminate, via the
World Wide Web database facility of the United Nations Crime and
Justice Information Network, the texts of the Standard Minimum Rules
for the Treatment of Prisoners,  103/ the Code of Conduct for
Law Enforcement Officials,  104/ together with the Basic
Principles for the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement
Officials,  105/ the Declaration of Basic Principles of
Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power  106/ and the
Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary,  107/
as well as the reports of the Secretary-General on the use and
application of those United Nations standards in crime prevention and
criminal justice,  108/ and to make the information on which
the reports are based available upon request;

     5.   Urges Governments that have not yet replied to the
questionnaires on the four standards in crime prevention and criminal
justice to submit their replies to the Secretary-General as soon as
possible, with a view to enabling him to make the database more
comprehensive;

     6.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Commission on
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its seventh session a report
on the use and application of the United Nations Standard Minimum
Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (the Beijing Rules),
the United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile
Delinquency (the Riyadh Guidelines) and the United Nations Rules for
the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty;

     7.   Also requests the Secretary-General to prepare a report,
incorporating comments sought from Governments, on the desirability of
establishing an inter-sessional working group to examine the reports
on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in
crime prevention and criminal justice in more detail, as well as the
information on which the reports were based, and to recommend to the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice possible further
action to assist Member States in translating those instruments into
practice;

     8.   Decides that the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice should consider the report of the Secretary-General on the
desirability of establishing an inter-sessional working group at its
sixth session;

     9.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to promote the use
and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime
prevention and criminal justice, inter alia, by providing advisory
services and technical cooperation to Member States on request,
including assistance to Member States in criminal justice and law
reform, organization of training for law enforcement and criminal
justice personnel and support to the administration and management of
penal and penitentiary systems, thus contributing to the upgrading of
their efficiency and capabilities;

     10.  Also requests the Secretary-General to continue to coordinate
the activities related to the use and application of standards and
norms between the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division of
the Secretariat and other relevant United Nations entities, such as
the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
and the United Nations International Drug Control Programme, in order
to heighten their efficacy and avoid overlapping in the implementation
of their programmes.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


          1996/26.  Measures to prevent illicit international trafficking
                    in children and to establish penalties appropriate to
                    such offences

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Considering that illicit international trafficking in children is
a criminal activity of increasing concern to the international
community and a violation of the Convention on the Rights of the
Child,  109/ article 35,

     Aware that this activity is often conducted by criminal
organizations with transnational links, principally in developing
countries,

     Taking note of resolution 3/2 of the Commission on Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice, in which the Commission decided that
it should consider, at its fourth session, the question of illicit
international traffic in children in the context of its discussion on
organized transnational crime,  110/

     Recalling that the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention
of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Cairo from 29 April
to 8 May 1995, at which this subject received priority attention,
adopted resolution 7,  111/ in which it invited the Commission
to initiate the process of requesting the views of States regarding
the process of elaborating an international convention on the illicit
traffic in children, which might embody necessary elements to
efficiently combat that form of transnational organized crime,

     Recalling also its resolution 1995/27 of 24 July 1995,
section IV.B, in which it requested the Secretary-General to initiate
the process of requesting the views of Member States on the
elaboration of such an international convention,

     Aware that it is necessary, in order to deal more rationally and
effectively with the illicit international traffic in children and to
effectively coordinate activities across the United Nations system and
among other relevant international organizations, to establish a
global framework for analysis of such transnational criminal activity
and for coordinating appropriate measures to prevent this scourge and
to punish the offenders,

     Welcoming the initiative of the Latin American and Caribbean
States that took part in the Regional Ministerial Workshop on Follow-
up to the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against
Organized Transnational Crime, held at Buenos Aires from 27 to
30 November 1995, with regard to the illicit international traffic in
children,

     Welcoming also the initiative of convening the World Congress
against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children, to be held at
Stockholm from 26 to 31 August 1996, which has among its key themes
the issue of illicit traffic in children,

     Aware that it is necessary to adopt practical measures to combat
this form of organized transnational crime,

     1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on children
as victims and perpetrators of crime, in particular the views of
Governments on the elaboration of an international convention on the
illicit traffic in children and the proposals contained in that
report;  112/

     2.   Invites interested Governments fighting illicit trafficking
in children to collect, wherever possible, data and other information
on the problem in accordance with national legislation, and to furnish
that information to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice;

     3.   Requests Member States to provide information on current
legal provisions and administrative rules applicable to the prevention
and punishment of illicit trafficking in children, and on the misuse
of international adoption agencies by criminal organizations involved
in illicit trafficking in children that may have been uncovered by the
relevant authorities;

     4.   Invites Governments to adopt the necessary measures in
accordance with their legislation to ensure that all persons involved
in illicit trafficking in children are subject to prosecution in a
manner commensurate with the seriousness of the crime;

     5.   Invites the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division of
the Secretariat to cooperate closely with the Centre for Human Rights
of the Secretariat;

     6.   Invites the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division to
work and cooperate closely with the Special Rapporteur of the
Commission on Human Rights on the sale of children, child prostitution
and child pornography, taking into account her role in the inter-
sessional open-ended working group for the elaboration of a draft
protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of
children, child prostitution and child pornography;

     7.   Decides that the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice should include in the provisional agenda for its sixth session
an item on the possible elaboration of a legally binding international
instrument or instruments on the illicit traffic in children;

     8.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to gather the
opinions of Governments on the elaboration of an international
convention or conventions on the illicit traffic in children, and
their suggestions on possible elements to be included in the text of a
future binding instrument or instruments on that subject;

     9.   Also requests the Secretary-General to conduct a survey, on
the basis of existing international conventions, analysing the extent
to which children are protected from becoming victims of illicit
international trafficking, taking into account both substantive and
procedural aspects of providing such protection, and to compile and
analyse the data collected;

     10.  Further requests the Secretary-General to prepare a report on
the results of the survey mentioned in paragraph 9 above, to be
submitted to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
at its sixth session;

     11.  Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that United Nations
system-wide activity on this and related issues is effectively
coordinated.

                                                          47th plenary meeting
                                                                  24 July 1996


           1996/27.  Implementation of the Naples Political Declaration
                     and Global Action Plan against Organized
                     Transnational Crime

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 49/159 of 23 December 1994,
in which the Assembly approved the Naples Political Declaration and
Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime  113/
and urged States to implement them as a matter of urgency,

     Recalling also its resolution 1995/11 of 24 July 1995 on the
implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action
Plan against Organized Transnational Crime,

     Recalling further its resolution 1994/13 of 25 July 1994 on the
control of the proceeds of crime,

     Welcoming Commission on Narcotic Drugs resolution 5 (XXXIX),  114/

     Emphasizing the need for strengthened and improved international
cooperation at all levels and for more effective technical cooperation
to assist States in their fight against organized transnational crime,

     Aware that criminal organizations vary in size, scale, bonding
mechanisms, their range of activities, their geographical scope, their
relationship with power structures, their internal organizations and
structures and the combination of instruments that they use both to
promote their criminal enterprises and to protect themselves against
law enforcement efforts,

     Recalling that, while not constituting a legal or comprehensive
definition of the phenomenon, organized transnational crime
characteristically uses group organizations to commit crime, has
hierarchical links or personal relationships that permit leaders to
control the group, uses violence, intimidation and corruption to earn
profit or control territories or markets, launders illicit proceeds
both to further criminal activity and to infiltrate the legitimate
economy, has the potential to expand into new activities and beyond
national borders and cooperates with other organized transnational
criminal groups,

     Convinced that a structured programme of activities is essential
to the full implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and
Global Action Plan,

     1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action
Plan against Organized Transnational Crime;  115/

     2.   Takes note also of the Buenos Aires Declaration on Prevention
and Control of Organized Transnational Crime,  116/ adopted by
the Regional Ministerial Workshop on Follow-up to the Naples Political
Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational
Crime, held at Buenos Aires from 27 to 30 November 1995;

     3.   Takes note further of the report of the Secretary-General on
control of the proceeds of crime;  117/

     4.   Requests the Secretary-General, taking into account work done
in other international forums, to assist in the implementation of the
Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan to meet the needs
of Member States for:

     (a)  Increased knowledge on the structure and dynamics of
organized transnational crime in all its forms, as well as trends in
its development, areas of activity and diversification, taking into
account the growing dangers of links between organized transnational
crime and terrorist crimes;

     (b)  Reviewing existing international instruments and exploring
the possibility of elaborating new ones to strengthen and improve
international cooperation against organized transnational crime;

     (c)  Intensified technical assistance in the form of advisory
services and training;

     5.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue collecting and
analysing information on the structure, dynamics and other aspects of
all forms of organized transnational crime throughout the world;

     6.   Also requests the Secretary-General, while avoiding
duplication with the work of the United Nations International Drug
Control Programme, to establish a central repository for:

     (a)  National legislation, including regulatory measures, on
organized transnational crime;

     (b)  Information on organizational structures designed to combat
organized transnational crime;

     (c)  Instruments for international cooperation, including
bilateral and multilateral treaties and legislation to ensure their
implementation, with a view to making them available to requesting
Member States;

     7.   Urges Member States, other entities of the United Nations
system and relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations to assist the Secretary-General in implementing the
request contained in paragraphs 4 to 6 above by providing and
regularly updating relevant information and legislative and regulatory
texts;

     8.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue his consultations
with Governments on the possibility of elaborating a convention or
conventions against organized transnational crime and on the elements
that could be included therein;

     9.   Also requests the Secretary-General, drawing on the expertise
of Governments:

     (a)  To make a thorough analysis of the views of Governments on
the possibility of elaborating a convention or conventions against
organized transnational crime, taking into account, inter alia, the
Buenos Aires Declaration on Prevention and Control of Organized
Transnational Crime;

     (b)  To make proposals on the action that would be appropriate;

     (c)  To make proposals for the undertaking of practical activities
by States to implement the Naples Political Declaration and Global
Action Plan;

     (d)  To report thereon to the Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice at its sixth session;

     10.  Decides that the Commission should establish an in-sessional
open-ended working group at its sixth session for the purpose of:

     (a)  Considering the report and proposals of the Secretary-
General;

     (b)  Identifying practical activities for effectively implementing
the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan;

     (c)  Considering the possibility of elaborating a convention or
conventions against organized transnational crime and identifying
elements that could be included therein;

     11.  Requests the Secretary-General to provide advisory services
and technical assistance to requesting Member States in needs
assessment, capacity-building and training, as well as in the
implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action
Plan;

     12.  Further requests the Secretary-General, for the purpose of
providing the assistance referred to in paragraph 11 above, to develop
training manuals for specialized law enforcement and investigative
personnel on action against organized transnational crime, taking into
account differences in legal systems;

     13.  Stresses the importance of the activities carried out by the
United Nations to strengthen international efforts against money
laundering, including, where possible, money laundering involving the
proceeds of serious crimes other than drug-related crimes and, for
this purpose, requests the Secretary-General to increase and intensify
cooperation between the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division
of the Secretariat and the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme and to continue to work with the Financial Action Task Force
and other relevant multilateral and regional institutions against
money laundering;

     14.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Commission on
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          47th plenary meeting
                                                                  24 July 1996


             1996/28.  Follow-up action on firearms regulation for the
                       purpose of crime prevention and public safety

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling resolution 9 of the Ninth United Nations Congress on the
Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders,  118/

     Recalling also its resolution 1995/27 of 24 July 1995,

     Recalling further General Assembly resolution 50/145 of
21 December 1995,

     Mindful of the need for effective implementation of those
resolutions,

     Taking note with satisfaction of the report of the Secretary-
General on measures to regulate firearms,  119/

     1.   Welcomes the progress made by the Secretary-General in
undertaking the study on regulating firearms in response to its
resolution 1995/27, section IV.A, drawing upon the work of an advisory
group;

     2.   Endorses the questionnaire and guidelines  120/ for
the preparation of the survey and country reports on firearms
regulation issues presented by the Secretary-General;

     3.   Reiterates its request to the Secretary-General to collect
information and consult with Member States on the implementation of
national measures to regulate firearms in accordance with its
resolution 1995/27, section IV, paragraph 10;

     4.   Requests the Secretary-General to collect information and
consult with Member States, as appropriate, on the basis of the above-
mentioned questionnaire and guidelines, and to analyse the information
obtained in order to contribute to the preparation of additional
survey and country reports as requested in paragraph 3 above;

     5.   Approves the work plan established on the basis of the
proposals presented by the representative of the Secretary-General to
the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its fifth
session and requests the Secretary-General to pursue his study in
accordance with the work plan;  121/

     6.   Invites again all United Nations organs, bodies and
specialized agencies, and intergovernmental and other organizations
active in the field of regulating firearms to provide the Secretary-
General with views and proposals on their possible contributions
towards the full implementation of Ninth Congress resolution 9;

     7.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit the report and the
recommendations requested in its resolution 1995/27, section IV,
paragraph 12, to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice at its sixth session;

     8.   Decides that the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice should include in its agenda for its sixth session the item
entitled "Measures to regulate firearms".

                                                          47th plenary meeting
                                                                  24 July 1996


                                   Decisions

            1996/244.  Organization of the work of the sixth session of
                       the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
                       Justice

     At its 45th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided that the Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice at its sixth session, in addition to plenary
meetings, should be provided with full interpretation services for a
total of twelve meetings for informal consultations on draft proposals
and for meetings of open-ended working groups, the precise allocation
of time for the different types of meetings to be determined by the
Commission at its sixth session under the item entitled "Adoption of
the agenda and organization of work", on the understanding that no
more than two meetings would be held concurrently, in order to ensure
maximum participation of delegations.


            1996/245.  Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and
                       Criminal Justice on its fifth session and
                       provisional agenda and documentation for the
                       sixth session of the Commission

     At its 45th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council:

     (a)  Took note of the report of the Commission on Crime Prevention
and Criminal Justice on its fifth session;

     (b)  Approved the provisional agenda and documentation for the
sixth session of the Commission set out below.


          PROVISIONAL AGENDA AND DOCUMENTATION FOR THE SIXTH SESSION
          OF THE COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

     1.   Election of officers.

     2.   Adoption of the agenda and organization of work.

     3.   Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and
          the Treatment of Offenders.

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on the preparations for the
          Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and
          the Treatment of Offenders (General Assembly resolution
          415 (V) and 46/152; Commission resolution 5/1, para. 3)

     4.   Promotion and maintenance of the rule of law and good
          governance; action against corruption.

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on action against corruption
          (Council resolutions 1995/14, para. 11, and 1996/8, para. 5)

     5.   Criminal justice reform and strengthening of legal
          institutions:

          (a)  Measures to regulate firearms;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on measures to regulate
          firearms (Council resolutions 1995/27, sect. IV, para. 12,
          and 1996/28, para. 7)

          (b) International cooperation and assistance in the
              management of the criminal justice system: 
              computerization of criminal justice operations and the
              development, analysis and policy use of crime and
              criminal justice information.

          Documentation

          Note by the Secretariat on progress made in the survey of
          national capacities for the collection of crime statistics,
          as a supplement to the Fifth United Nations Survey of Crime
          Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (Council
          resolution 1996/11, para. 4)

    6.    International cooperation in combating transnational crime:

          (a) Implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and
              Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
          Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against
          Organized Transnational Crime (Council resolution 1996/27,
          paras. 10 and 14)

          (b) Extradition and international cooperation in criminal
              matters;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on extradition and
          international cooperation in criminal matters (Council
          resolution 1995/27, sect. I, paras. 5-7)

          (c) Smuggling of illegal migrants;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on measures to combat the
          smuggling of illegal migrants (Legislative authority: 
          General Assembly resolution 48/102; Economic and Social
          Council resolutions 1994/14 and 1995/10)

          (d) Illicit trafficking in motor vehicles;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on the views of Governments
          and relevant organizations on measures for the prevention and
          suppression of illicit trafficking in motor vehicles (Council
          resolution 1995/27, sect. II, para. 1)

          (e) The role of criminal law in the protection of the
              environment;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on the role of criminal law
          in the protection of the environment (Council resolution
          1996/10, para. 9)

    7.    Strategies for crime prevention and control, particularly in
          urban areas and in the context of public security:

          (a) Elimination of violence against women;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on the results of the
          multidisciplinary consultations and views received on the
          draft practical measures, strategies and activities in the
          field of crime prevention and criminal justice for the
          elimination of violence against women (Council resolution
          1996/12, paras. 15 and 1)

          Report of the Secretary-General on the proposed text of the
          draft practical measures, strategies and activities in the
          field of crime prevention and criminal justice for the
          elimination of violence against women (Council resolution
          1996/12, paras. 7, 15 and 17)

          (b) Measures to prevent illicit trafficking in children.

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on measures to prevent
          illicit trafficking in children (Council resolution 1996/26,
          para. 10)

    8.    Use and application of United Nations standards and norms in
          crime prevention and criminal justice.

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on the administration of
          juvenile justice (Council resolution 1996/13, para. 11)

          Report of the Secretary-General on the use and application of
          United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and
          criminal justice (Council resolution 1996/16, paras. 7 and 8)

          Report of the Secretary-General on the development of United
          Nations minimum rules for the administration of criminal
          justice (Commission decision 5/101)

          Report of the Secretary-General on the use and application of
          Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of
          Power (Council resolution 1996/14, para. 1)

    9.    Technical cooperation, including resource mobilization, and
          coordination of activities:

          (a) Technical cooperation;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on technical cooperation and
          coordination of activities (Council resolution 1992/22,
          sect. VII, para. 2; Commission resolution 5/2)

          (b) Resource mobilization;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on resource mobilization and
          funding of technical assistance in the field of crime
          prevention and criminal justice (Council resolution 1992/22,
          sect. VII, para. 2; Commission resolution 5/2, para. 17)

          (c) Cooperation with other United Nations bodies and other
              entities.

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on the activities of the
          institutes comprising the United Nations crime prevention and
          criminal justice programme network (Council resolution
          1992/22, sect. IV, para. 2)

    10.   Strategic management and programme questions:

          (a) Strategic management by the Commission on Crime
              Prevention and Criminal Justice of the United Nations
              crime prevention and criminal justice programme;

          Documentation

          Report of the Secretary-General on strategic management
          (Commission resolutions 4/3, para. 3, and 5/3)

          (b) Programme questions.

          Documentation

          Note by the Secretary-General on the draft programme budget
          for the biennium 1998-1999

    11.   Provisional agenda for the seventh session of the Commission.

    12.   Adoption of the report of the Commission on its sixth
          session.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

United Nations Declaration on Crime and Public Security

79. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution II, entitled "United Nations Declaration on Crime and
Public Security", recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention
and Criminal Justice (E/1996/30 and Corr.1, chap. I, sect. A).  See
Council resolution 1996/9 (para. 78 above).

80. Before the adoption of the draft resolution, statements were made
by the representatives of Lebanon, Canada, Australia, Chile, Pakistan,
Ireland (on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that
are members of the European Union), Japan, Argentina, the United
States of America, Ghana, Malaysia, Jamaica, Co^te d'Ivoire and Costa
Rica and the observers for the Syrian Arab Republic, the Islamic
Republic of Iran and Cuba.

Measures to prevent illicit international trafficking in children and
to establish penalties appropriate to such offences

81. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered draft
resolution IV, entitled "Measures to prevent illicit international
trafficking in children and to establish penalties appropriate to such
offences", recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice (E/1996/30 and Corr.1, chap. I, sect. B).

82. The attention of the Council was drawn to annex IV of the report,
which contained a statement of the programme budget implications of
the draft resolution, submitted by the Secretary-General in accordance
with rule 31 of the rules of procedure of the Council.

83. At the same meeting, the representative of the United States of
America made a statement.

84. At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1996/26 (para. 78 above).

85. Before the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by
the representatives of the United States of America, Ghana, Lebanon,
Co^te d'Ivoire, Costa Rica and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland.  The representative of the United Nations Office at
Vienna responded to questions raised.

Implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action
Plan against Organized Transnational Crime

86. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered draft
resolution V, entitled "Implementation of the Naples Political
Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational
Crime", recommended by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice (E/1996/30 and Corr.1, chap. I, sect. B).

87. The attention of the Council was drawn to annex IV of the report,
which contained a statement of the programme budget implications of
the draft resolution, submitted by the Secretary-General in accordance
with rule 31 of the rules of procedure of the Council.

88. At the same meeting, statements were made by the representatives
of the United States of America, Japan, Lebanon and Canada.

89. At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the representative of the United
Nations Office at Vienna read out corrections to the draft resolution,
which was adopted by the Council, as corrected.  See Council
resolution 1996/27 (para. 78 above).

90. Before the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement; after it was adopted,
statements were made by the representative of the Netherlands and the
observer for Turkey.

Follow-up action on firearms regulation for the purpose of crime
prevention and public safety

91. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered draft
resolution VI, entitled "Follow-up action on firearms regulation for
the purpose of crime prevention and public safety", recommended by the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1996/30 and
Corr.1, chap. I, sect. B).

92. The attention of the Council was drawn to annex IV of the report,
which contained a statement of the programme budget implications of
the draft resolution, submitted by the Secretary-General in accordance
with rule 31 of the rules of procedure of the Council.

93. At the same meeting, the representative of the United States of
America made a statement.

94. At the 47th meeting, on 24 July, the representative of the United
States of America raised a question regarding the draft resolution, to
which the representative of the United Nations Office at Vienna
responded.  The representative of the United States of America made a
statement.

95. At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution. 
See Council resolution 1996/28 (para. 78 above).

Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the
death penalty

96. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted draft
resolution IX, entitled "Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the
rights of those facing the death penalty", recommended by the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (E/1996/30 and
Corr.1, chap. I, sect. B).  See Council resolution 1996/15 (para. 78
above).

97. The representative of Japan orally corrected the draft resolution
before it was adopted.  After it was adopted, the representative of
Sweden made a statement.


                              8.  Narcotic drugs

98. At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of
narcotic drugs (agenda item 5 (h)) at its 45th and 48th meetings, on
23 and 24 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.45 and 48).  It had before it the
following documents:

    (a)   Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control
(A/51/129-E/1996/53);

    (b)   Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs on its thirty-
ninth session (E/1996/27);  122/

    (c)   Summary of the report of the International Narcotics Control
Board for 1995 (E/1996/38).



                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

99.  Under agenda item 5 (h), the Council adopted six resolutions and five
decisions.


                                  Resolutions

           1996/17.  Special session of the General Assembly devoted to
                     the combat against the illicit production, sale,
                     demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs
                     and psychotropic substances and related activities

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling Commission on Narcotic Drugs resolution 13 (XXXVIII) of
23 March 1995,  123/ in which the Commission decided to keep under
consideration the proposal for the convening of an international conference to
review progress made by Governments and the United Nations system in combating
drug abuse and illicit trafficking,

     Recalling its resolution 1995/40 of 27 July 1995, in which it
recommended that the General Assembly and the Commission give priority
consideration to the proposal to convene an international conference for the
purpose of evaluating the international situation and the status of
international cooperation against the illicit production, sale, demand,
traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and
related activities,

     Taking into account General Assembly resolution 50/148 of
21 December 1995, in section IV of which the Assembly requested the Commission
to discuss the proposal to hold a second international conference on drug
abuse and illicit trafficking fully, as a matter of priority, at its thirty-
ninth session, and to present its conclusions and suggestions through the
Council to the Assembly at its fifty-first session,

     Having considered the report of the Executive Director of the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme containing recommendations
regarding the implementation by the Commission of General Assembly resolution
48/12 of 28 October 1993, as requested in paragraph 7 of its resolution
13 (XXXVIII),

     Having considered drug-control issues at its high-level segment of 1996
and having stressed the need for the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to take a leadership role in reaffirming the political commitment to
the present resolution,

     Conscious of the role of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs as the
principal United Nations policy-making body on drug-control issues,

     Reaffirming the leadership role of the Programme as the main focus for
concerted international action for drug abuse control and as international
coordinator for drug-control activities, especially within the United Nations
system,

     Fully sharing the deep concern expressed by the General Assembly in its
resolution 50/148 about the magnitude of the rising trend in all
manifestations of the drug problem despite the efforts of the international
community,

     Noting that in resolution 50/148, the General Assembly once again
renewed its commitment to further strengthening international cooperation and
substantially increasing efforts against the illicit production, sale, demand,
traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, based
on the principle of shared responsibility and taking into account the
experience gained,

     Noting with satisfaction the support expressed in several regional and
international conferences and meetings for the convening of an international
conference to strengthen international cooperation against the scourge of drug
abuse and illicit trafficking,

     Taking into account the opinions expressed by different Governments
regarding the proposal to convene an international conference for that
purpose,

     Fully taking into account the fact that the General Assembly, in its
resolution 50/148, stressed, inter alia, that when considering the proposal
for holding an international conference, the Commission should take into
account international drug-control priorities as well as ways and means to
increase the implementation of existing international conventions and other
international instruments for cooperation on drug control,

     Stressing the importance of the General Assembly as the most democratic
and representative organ of the United Nations, and, in this context, of the
role that it is called upon to play in addressing global and interdependent
questions of universal concern,

     Convinced that the holding of a special session of the General Assembly
devoted to the strengthening of international cooperation against the illicit
production, sale, demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances and related activities could make a significant
contribution to the effectiveness of the actions of the United Nations and its
Member States in the fight against this global threat,

     1.  Decides to recommend that the General Assembly convene a special
session in order to consider the fight against the illicit production, sale,
demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances
and related activities, and to propose new strategies, methods, practical
activities and specific measures to strengthen international cooperation in
addressing the problem of illicit drugs;

     2.  Recommends that the General Assembly, at its special session devoted
to assessing the existing situation, within the framework of a comprehensive
and balanced approach that includes all aspects of the problem, with a view to
strengthening international cooperation to address the problem of illicit
drugs, and within the framework of the United Nations Convention against
Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of
1988,  124/ and other relevant conventions and international
instruments, should have the following objectives:

     (a) To promote the adherence to and full implementation by all States of
the 1988 Convention, the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 
125/ and the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971;  126/

     (b) To adopt measures to increase international cooperation to
contribute to the application of the law;

     (c) To adopt measures to avoid the diversion of chemicals used in
illicit drug production, and to strengthen control of the production of and
traffic in stimulants and their precursors;

     (d) To adopt and promote drug abuse control programmes and policies and
other measures, including those at the international level, to reduce the
illicit demand for drugs;

     (e) To adopt measures to prevent and sanction money laundering, in order
to implement the 1988 Convention;

     (f) To encourage international cooperation to develop programmes of
eradication of illicit crops and to promote alternative development
programmes;

     (g) To adopt measures to strengthen coordination within the United
Nations system in the fight against drug trafficking and related organized
crime, against terrorist groups engaged in drug trafficking and against
illicit arms trade;

     3.  Also recommends that the General Assembly, at its special session,
review its resolution S-17/2 of 23 February 1990, in particular the progress
made in implementing the Global Programme of Action on international
cooperation against illicit production, supply, demand, trafficking and
distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances annexed thereto;

     4.  Recommends that the General Assembly, at its special session,
address the issues on the basis of the principle of shared responsibility and
with full respect for the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United
Nations and international law, particularly respect for the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of States;

     5.  Decides to propose that the special session of the General Assembly
be held for three days in 1998, immediately after all the necessary
preparatory work has been done to ensure its success and ten years after the
adoption of the 1988 Convention;

     6.  Requests that the Commission on Narcotic Drugs act as the
preparatory body for the special session of the General Assembly, open to the
participation of all States Members of the United Nations and of observers, in
accordance with established practices;

     7.  Encourages the participation of developing countries and assistance
to the least developed countries, in order to work actively towards the
attainment of the objectives and goals of the special session;

     8.  Requests that the Commission, in its capacity as preparatory body
for the special session of the General Assembly, be mandated to present
proposals, through the Economic and Social Council, for consideration by the
Assembly regarding all organizational matters, including the agenda, dates,
expected outcomes and other issues relevant to the successful preparations
for, outcome of and follow-up to the special session;

     9.  Recommends that the preparatory process for the special session of
the General Assembly be funded through the regular budget of the United
Nations, bearing in mind the need to keep the financial costs to a minimum,
and that Governments be invited to make extrabudgetary contributions to meet
those costs;

     10. Recommends also that organs, organizations and specialized agencies
of the United Nations system, as well as multilateral development banks,
contribute fully to the preparations for the special session of the  General
Assembly, in particular by submitting to the Commission, through the Executive
Director of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme, concrete
recommendations on the issues to be addressed by the Assembly at that session;

     11. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at
its fifty-first session a report containing recommendations on the possible
outcome of and organizational matters relating to the proposed special session
of the General Assembly.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


               1996/18.  Draft declaration on the guiding principles
                         of demand reduction

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling its resolution 1995/16 of 24 July 1995 on the integration of
demand reduction initiatives into a cohesive strategy to combat drug abuse,

     Recalling the Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Outline of Future
Activities in Drug Abuse Control adopted by the International Conference on
Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking,  127/ and its resolution 1991/46
of 21 June 1991,

     Acknowledging the Political Declaration and Global Programme of Action
adopted by the General Assembly at its seventeenth special session,  128/
on 23 February 1990, 

     Reaffirming the importance of its resolution 1993/35 of 27 July 1993 on
demand reduction as part of balanced national strategic plans to combat drug
abuse, and the need to ensure its implementation,

     Recognizing that demand reduction encompasses prevention, treatment and
rehabilitation, as well as social reintegration,

     Believing that optimum effectiveness in drug abuse control would best be
achieved through a balanced approach, applying the appropriate emphasis and
resources to initiatives involving both demand and supply reduction, and
integrating such initiatives into a cohesive and comprehensive strategy,

     Also believing that effectiveness in combating drug abuse is enhanced by
cooperation and the combined efforts of all sectors of society, including
those of voluntary and non-governmental organizations,

     1.  Requests the Executive Director of the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme to continue to develop a draft declaration on the
guiding principles of demand reduction in consultation with Member States,
with due regard to the linkages between demand and supply reduction
activities;

     2.  Also requests the Executive Director, to further develop such a
draft declaration and, if necessary, to convene a working group with expertise
in demand reduction to assist him in this task, using voluntary resources made
available by Member States expressly for that purpose;

     3.  Further requests the Executive Director to report to the Commission
at its fortieth session on the progress made in developing the draft
declaration, and to submit a timetable leading to its adoption.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


              1996/19.  Demand for and supply of opiates for medical
                        and scientific needs

     The Economic and Social Council

     Recalling its resolutions 1979/8 of 9 May 1979, 1980/20 of 30 April
1980, 1981/8 of 6 May 1981, 1982/12 of 30 April 1982, 1983/3 of 24 May 1983,
1984/21 of 24 May 1984, 1985/16 of 28 May 1985, 1986/8 of 21 May 1986, 1987/31
of 26 May 1987, 1988/10 of 25 May 1988, 1989/15 of 22 May 1989, 1990/31 of
24 May 1990, 1991/43 of 21 June 1991, 1992/30 of 30 July 1992, 1993/37 of
27 July 1993, 1994/5 of 20 July 1994 and 1995/19 of 24 July 1995, 

     Emphasizing that the need to balance the global licit supply of opiates
against the legitimate demand for opiates for medical and scientific purposes
is central to the international strategy and policy of drug abuse control,

     Noting the fundamental need for international cooperation and solidarity
with the traditional supplier countries in drug-abuse control in general and
in the universal application of the provisions of the Single Convention on
Narcotic Drugs of 1961  129/ in particular,

     Having considered the Report of the International Narcotics Control
Board for 1995,  130/ in which it is stated that in 1994 global
consumption of opiates exceeded the production of opiate raw materials, and
that in 1995 increased licit production in the two traditional producing
countries, India and Turkey, maintained, together with the other producing
countries, the balance between supply and demand,

     Noting the importance of opiates in pain relief therapy as advocated by
the World Health Organization,

     1.  Urges all Governments to continue contributing to the maintenance of
a balance between the licit supply of and demand for opiates for medical and
scientific needs, the achievement of which would be facilitated by
maintaining, in so far as their constitutional and legal systems permit,
support to the traditional supplier countries, and to cooperate in preventing
the proliferation of sources of production and manufacture for export;

     2.  Urges Governments of all producing countries to adhere strictly to
the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, and to take
effective measures to prevent illicit production or diversion of opiate raw
materials to illicit channels;

     3.  Urges consumer countries to assess and communicate to the
International Narcotics Control Board their real needs for opiates to ensure
easy supply;

     4.  Commends the Board for its efforts in monitoring the implementation
of the relevant resolutions of the Economic and Social Council and, in
particular:

     (a) In urging the Governments concerned to adjust global production of
opiate raw materials to a level corresponding to the actual licit needs and to
avoid any proliferation of production;

     (b) In convening meetings during sessions of the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs to enable the main States importing and producing opiate raw materials
to discuss maintaining a balance between licit demand for and supply of
opiates;

     5.  Requests the Secretary-General to transmit the present resolution to
all Governments for consideration and implementation.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


        1996/20.  Strengthening of the role of the International Narcotics
                  Control Board and development of a unified information
                  system for the collection and analysis of data concerning
                  the nature, patterns and trends of the global problem of
                  drug abuse

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling General Assembly resolutions S-17/2 of 23 February 1990, 47/99
of 16 December 1992, 48/12 of 28 October 1993 and 50/148 of 21 December 1995,
Economic and Social Council resolutions 1991/48 of 21 June 1991 and 1994/3 of
20 July 1994 and Commission on Narcotic Drugs resolutions 7 (XXXVII) of
20 April 1994  131/ on the role of the International Narcotics Control
Board and 12 (XXXVIII) of 23 March 1995 on scientific and technical
cooperation in the control of drug abuse and illicit trafficking, 
132/

     Reaffirming the global nature of the problem of drug abuse and the
principles of shared responsibility and solidarity, accepted by the
international community, that have characterized the action taken by the
United Nations to deal with that problem,

     Reaffirming also the principles of sovereignty, equality of States,
non-intervention in internal affairs and territorial integrity as the basis
for individual and collective action to deal with drug abuse,

     Taking into account that in order to achieve the objectives of the
international drug control treaties there must be effective international
cooperation between countries in combating the illicit consumption,
production, traffic and distribution, and in controlling the licit manufacture
and marketing, of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors, as
well as in preventing their diversion,

     Concerned about the increasing magnitude and extent of the drug problem
worldwide and the fact that the international community needs a comprehensive,
dynamic and continuously updated statistical system which would enable it to
monitor global illicit demand, supply, traffic and distribution of drugs,
whether of plant origin or synthetic, and the diversion of chemical substances
that are frequently used in the illicit manufacture of such drugs, as well as
the trends in, and evolution of, the situation, and which would assist the
International Narcotics Control Board and the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme in their periodic analysis of the problem and in
preparing recommendations,

     Considering that, in the context of the globalization of the drug
problem and the principle of shared responsibility, the International
Narcotics Control Board is the competent independent international authority,
as specified in the international drug control treaties, for the evaluation,
in an objective and balanced manner, of the efforts of States to facilitate
the consolidation of a worldwide policy on drug control and the development of
effective international cooperation,

     Acknowledging the fundamental role of the Board as the control organ,
recognized as such by the international community, for restricting the
cultivation, production, manufacture and use of narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances to medical and scientific needs, and also for
preventing the illicit cultivation, production, manufacture, traffic and use
of such substances, in accordance with the Convention on Psychotropic
Substances of 1971,  133/ the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of
1961, as amended by the 1972 Protocol,  134/ the United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances of 1988  135/ and other relevant instruments, 

     Highlighting the work done by the Board to achieve the objectives set
out in the international drug control treaties, by indicating the gaps and
deficiencies in the control system and recommending solutions to improve
control, nationally and internationally, including the strengthening of
international cooperation,

     Noting the Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for
1995  136/ and Precursors and Chemicals Frequently Used in the Illicit
Manufacture of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances:  Report of the
International Narcotics Control Board for 1995 on the Implementation of
Article 12 of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988,  137/

     1.  Encourages the International Narcotics Control Board to continue to
ensure the more effective implementation of the international drug control
treaties, and in so doing, to evaluate the global drug problem and to
cooperate with Governments in an ongoing dialogue;

     2.  Invites the Board, when monitoring the implementation of the
international drug control conventions, also to take into account the related
elements of the Global Programme of Action adopted by the General Assembly at
its seventeenth special session,  138/ on 23 February 1990;

     3.  Requests States that have not already done so to accede to the
international drug control treaties, and to adopt the necessary measures to
ensure their implementation and the strengthening of international
cooperation;

     4.  Encourages the Executive Director of the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme to support the Board in its efforts to
hold periodic consultations with Governments, and to provide the Board with
information on progress achieved and deficiencies noted in programmes to
reduce the illicit demand for and supply of narcotic drugs and psychotropic
substances, as well as in control measures governing their transit, in order
to focus efforts and promote the development of a more effective global drug-
control strategy;

     5.  Requests the Executive Director to report to the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs at its fortieth session on current efforts to collect and
analyse information on the nature and patterns of, and trends in the illicit
consumption, cultivation, manufacture, traffic and distribution of drugs,
whether of natural origin or synthetic, to improve the formulation of
prevention and control policies, both nationally and internationally, in those
fields, to enhance public awareness of the international drug control
situation, and to ensure that the activities of the Programme are based on
comprehensive and relevant information and knowledge, with a view to unifying
and simplifying the collection system for use by the Governments and the
Programme, including the Board;

     6.  Requests the Executive Director, when presenting the report referred
to in paragraph 5 above, to take into account the experience gained by other
information networks and the knowledge developed in this field by other
international agencies and governmental and non-governmental organizations;

     7.  Requests the Executive Director, in consultation with the Board, to
present the information needs of the Programme, including the Board, to the
Commission at its fortieth session;

     8.  Encourages the Board to intensify its programme of country missions,
the objective of which is to monitor the implementation of the international
drug control conventions, with the agreement of Governments, in order to gain
a more comprehensive and direct awareness of the drug-control policies and
programmes being carried out in the countries concerned, as well as to improve
consultation with the national drug control authorities;

     9.  Requests the General Assembly to allocate sufficient resources,
within the regular budget, to enable the Board to carry out the functions
assigned to it, in accordance with the international drug control conventions;

     10. Requests the Committee for Programme and Coordination and the
Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions to take note of
the present resolution when considering programme 17 (International drug
control) of the medium-term plan for the period 1998-2001.

                                                          45th plenary meeting
                                                                  23 July 1996


            1996/29.  Action to strengthen international cooperation to
                      control precursors and their substitutes used in
                      the illicit manufacture of controlled substances,
                      in particular amphetamine-type stimulants, and to
                      prevent their diversion

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Deeply concerned about the economic and social consequences of the rapid
and widespread increase in illicit manufacturing, trafficking and use of
amphetamine-type stimulants throughout the world,

     Concerned about the continued availability of chemicals listed in tables
I and II of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic
Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 135/ to drug traffickers for use in
the illicit clandestine production of controlled substances,

     Alarmed that in some cases traffickers have swiftly and successfully
sought non-scheduled substitute chemicals for those scheduled chemicals that
have become more scarce as a result of international control,

     Concerned that clandestine laboratory operators are seeking
international sources for substances listed in table I of the 1988 Convention,
which are often contained in tablets and capsules, thus undermining the
effectiveness of international controls of those products and thwarting the
goals of article 12 of the Convention and of the international community,

     Dismayed that despite concerted international control efforts, listed
chemicals continue to be accessible to traffickers through the activities of
producers of illicit drugs or unscrupulous brokers and intermediaries, who
facilitate trade but are not themselves end users,

     Aware that many Governments lack adequate resources to enable them to
conduct the in-depth investigations that may be needed to determine the
legitimate need for an intended export or import of a listed chemical,

     Aware of the progress in control of chemical shipments resulting from
cooperation between competent national authorities in a number of countries,
and with the assistance of the International Narcotics Control Board,

     Recognizing the need for the international community to strengthen
countermeasures against the illicit manufacturing, trafficking and use of
amphetamine-type stimulants and their precursors,

     Noting with appreciation the results of the expert forum on amphetamine-
type stimulants held at Vienna from 12 to 16 February 1996,

     Recognizing the important role of the Board in monitoring and
facilitating implementation of the measures to strengthen international
cooperation to prevent diversion of substances listed in table I of the 1988
Convention and used in the illicit manufacture of stimulants and other
psychotropic substances, as detailed in its resolution 1995/20 of 24 July
1995,

     Noting also with appreciation the publications entitled Report of the
International Narcotics Control Board for 1995 136/ and Precursors and
Chemicals Frequently Used in the Illicit Manufacture of Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances:  Report of the International Narcotics Control Board
for 1995 on the Implementation of Article 12 of the United Nations Convention
against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988,
137/

     Recalling its resolution 1995/20 of 24 July 1995,

     Realizing that it may not be practical to schedule all chemicals and
substances used to produce illicit drugs,

                                       I

                     SPECIAL SURVEILLANCE OF SCHEDULED AND
                           NON-SCHEDULED SUBSTANCES

     1.  Calls upon all States parties to the United Nations Convention
against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988
to enact any legislation necessary to provide their competent authorities with
the legal basis fully to implement the chemical controls required or
recommended by the Convention and all related resolutions;

     2.  Calls upon the United Nations International Drug Control Programme
and the International Narcotics Control Board, drawing upon the expertise of
competent national authorities as needed, to establish a limited international
special surveillance list of non-scheduled substances for which substantial
information exists of their use in illicit drug trafficking, in order to
allow, according to the nature and trade patterns of each product, for
appropriate measures to prevent use by traffickers of those substances;

     3.  Urges all States parties to the 1988 Convention to establish
arrangements, whether voluntary, administrative or legislative, whereby their
domestic exporters, importers and distributors of the chemicals and substances
included in the special surveillance list will report suspicious orders or
thefts of such chemicals and cooperate with national enforcement and control
authorities with regard to those chemicals and substances;

     4.  Urges States parties to the 1988 Convention, subject to their legal
provisions, to take civil, criminal or administrative action, as appropriate,
against suppliers of scheduled substances or, where possible, substances
included in the special surveillance list for failure to cooperate with the
authorities with regard to those substances;

     5.  Strongly urges States that export scheduled chemicals not to permit
exports of such chemicals listed in tables I and II of the 1988 Convention in
sensitive cases which may be identified by the Board, or to brokers or
intermediaries who facilitate trade, but are not themselves end-users, unless
prior identification of any genuine consignee and such inquiries as may be
appropriate are also made;

     6.  Further urges States, in accordance with their legal provisions, not
to permit the importation of chemicals listed in tables I and II of the 1988
Convention where a risk of diversion exists, until evidence establishes the
legitimacy of the importer and the purpose of the chemical import;

     7.  Urges States, except in cases where a known risk of diversion
exists, and prior to permitting the importation of chemicals listed in tables
I and II of the 1988 Convention, to require, in accordance with their legal
provisions, evidence of legitimacy of importers and domestic distributors of
those chemicals which are intended for subsequent sale or delivery to bulk
domestic distributors;

     8.  Urges Governments to consider ways of reinforcing international
cooperation, including, where appropriate, bilateral and multilateral
arrangements or agreements against the diversion of scheduled substances and
their substitutes;

     9.  Invites Governments that have not yet done so to designate, as a
matter of priority, authorities competent for the control of scheduled
substances, to inform the Secretary-General that they have taken such action
and to enhance the establishment of bilateral relations between importing,
exporting and transit countries.

                                      II

                          RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ACTION

     1.  Urges Governments to implement specific actions to control scheduled
chemicals as requested in its resolution 1995/20;

     2.  Requests the International Narcotics Control Board to collect and
compile data that would establish a pattern of trade in chemicals listed in
tables I and II of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988, including any significant
volume of transactions, to draw the attention of the competent authorities of
countries concerned to any irregularities that the Board, in its judgement,
may identify, and to invite those authorities to provide the Board with any
additional information, as necessary, and to take appropriate action,
especially preventive action; such action by Governments, both importing and
exporting, ought to include:

     (a) Consulting with and providing relevant data to the Board in
conformity with legal requirements of confidentiality and data protection,
where concern exists that an export or transshipment of such chemicals or
substances may be diverted into the illicit traffic;

     (b) Verification by the importing country of the legitimacy of
transactions on the basis of pre-export notifications of such substances to be
sent by the exporting countries as provided for in article 12 of the 1988
Convention;

     (c) Not permitting the export of substances listed in tables I and II of
the 1988 Convention and, where possible, substances included in the special
surveillance list, to areas of special risk where it is known that they are
commonly used to produce illicit drugs, until information is available to
establish the legitimate purpose of the chemicals or substances to be
imported;

     3.  Requests that, pursuant to the initiatives taken by the Board in
accordance with paragraph 2 above, the Governments of exporting and importing
countries and territories verify the legitimacy of the individual transactions
concerned and prevent the release of such shipments until the competent
authority of the importing country or territory has, in compliance with the
time constraints of the exporting country, indicated that it has no objection
to the transaction in question;

     4.  Recommends that, wherever possible, Governments should obtain early
notification from operators of all proposed transactions of substances listed
in table I of the 1988 Convention in order to check their legitimacy, and
inform other countries and territories accordingly, in compliance with the
provisions of that Convention;

     5.  Requests all Governments of countries and territories to alert other
Governments, as appropriate, through the Board, as soon as diversion attempts
are identified, and to cooperate in controlled deliveries, if necessary, in
order to prevent traffickers from turning to other countries or regions to
obtain the precursors they require;

     6.  Urges Governments with free ports and free trade zones to closely
monitor, in particular, the movement of amphetamine-type stimulants and
scheduled substances under the 1988 Convention through such trading centres,
pursuant to the Convention, and to provide for a mechanism to seize
consignments when adequate grounds for suspicion have been established;

     7.  Requests Governments with free ports and free trade zones to provide
information as requested by the Board in order to strengthen measures to
monitor the movement of the amphetamine-type stimulants and scheduled
substances under the 1988 Convention in those ports and zones;

     8.  Encourages Governments of countries and territories to examine the
scope of their current controls over domestic distribution in order to prevent
internal diversion of scheduled substances under the 1988 Convention, which
could be subsequently smuggled to neighbouring countries where illicit
manufacture of drugs takes place;

     9.  Invites Governments to consider monitoring the intermediaries and
brokers who facilitate trade but are not themselves end-users by appropriate
measures, such as applying the current control procedures and resorting to the
sanctions applicable to other operators that handle or use controlled
substances;

     10. Requests the Secretary-General to convene, in accordance with the
mandate established in Council resolution 1995/20, a second expert meeting of
drug-control authorities and policy-making representatives of interested
Governments in order to propose comprehensive countermeasures against illicit
manufacturing, trafficking and use of amphetamine-type stimulants and their
precursors;

     11. Requests the Secretary-General, with the assistance of the Executive
Director of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme and in
consultation with the Board, to seek the views of interested Governments on
the nature and content of the comprehensive countermeasures prior to the
second expert meeting;

     12. Requests the Commission on Narcotic Drugs to examine the proposed
comprehensive countermeasures at its fortieth session, on the basis of the
results of the second expert meeting;

     13. Requests the Secretary-General to propose to the General Assembly,
in order to implement the present resolution, any modification in the
programme of work of the Secretariat that may be necessary for the allocation
of adequate resources to the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme in the programme budget for the biennium 1996-1997;

     14. Requests the Secretary-General, having in mind the recommendations
of the Chemical Action Task Force established by the heads of State or
Government of the seven major industrialized countries and the President of
the Commission of the European Communities to consult in writing with the
parties concerned:

     (a) To examine to what extent those recommendations have been
implemented;

     (b) To suggest further measures to prevent diversions to the illicit
manufacture of stimulants;

     15. Requests the Secretary-General to prepare a summary of the replies
received and to submit a report, if possible, to the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs at its fortieth session;

     16. Requests the Secretary-General to transmit the present resolution to
all Governments for consideration and implementation.

                                                          48th plenary meeting
                                                                  24 July 1996


              1996/30.  Measures to combat diversion of psychotropic
                        substances and to establish effective control
                        over operations carried out by intermediaries
                        in international trade of psychotropic       
                        substances                                   

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling the need to give full effect to the Convention on Psychotropic
Substances of 1971, 130/ in order to effectively combat diversion and abuse of
psychotropic substances,

     Noting that difficulties encountered by certain countries in introducing
control measures provided for in the 1971 Convention have been central to the
problem of diversion of psychotropic substances involving intermediaries,

     Recalling its resolutions 1991/44 of 21 June 1991 and 1993/38 of
27 July 1993 on measures to enhance controls of international trade in
psychotropic substances,

     Noting that intermediaries have been involved in major cases of
diversion and attempted diversion of psychotropic substances,

     Noting that the situation is further exacerbated by the fact that some
countries complying with the requirements of the 1971 Convention and of its
resolutions are allowing the export of psychotropic substances to countries in
which effective import or export controls have not yet been implemented,

     Recalling that in its resolution 1993/38 on measures to prevent
substances listed in Schedules III and IV of the 1971 Convention from being
diverted from international trade into illicit channels, it invited
Governments, inter alia, to exercise continuing vigilance to ensure that
operations of brokers and transit operators are not used for the diversion of
psychotropic substances into illicit channels,

     Noting with satisfaction the relevant activities carried out jointly by
the International Narcotics Control Board and the Pompidou Group of the
Council of Europe and, in particular, the conclusions and recommendations of
the International Narcotics Control Board/Pompidou Group Expert Consultation
on Control of Brokers and Transit Operators Handling Psychotropic Substances
and Precursors, held at Vienna from 3 to 5 May 1995, as well as those of their
Conference on Control of International Trade in Psychotropic Substances in
Europe, held at Strasbourg from 18 to 20 October 1995,

     Recognizing the increasingly important role of the Board in facilitating
the detection and interdiction of the suspected diversion of psychotropic
substances,

     1.  Invites Governments that have not already done so to establish, as a
matter of priority, competent authorities for the control of psychotropic
substances, and to notify the Secretary-General of the identity of those
authorities, including details of addresses;

     2.  Invites Governments to take appropriate measures, with the
assistance of the International Narcotics Control Board, to prevent shipments
of psychotropic substances in excess of the annual domestic requirements for
licit purposes to countries which have not yet implemented effective controls
over international trade in those substances;

     3.  Requests the Board to establish assessments of annual licit domestic
requirements of psychotropic substances for countries that have not yet
submitted such assessments;

     4.  Invites Governments of exporting countries to exercise the utmost
vigilance over import orders for psychotropic substances received from
countries considered to have deficient control regimes, particularly in order
to prevent uncontrolled re-exports, and to ensure that exports to free ports
and free trade zones are avoided if controls over re-exports have not been
established;

     5.  Calls upon all Governments which do not yet control international
trade in all psychotropic substances listed in Schedules III and IV of the
Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 by using the system of import
and export authorizations urgently to consider the establishment of such a
system;

     6.  Also calls upon all Governments for which it is not immediately
feasible to control the export of substances listed in Schedules III and IV of
the 1971 Convention by means of the system of export authorizations to make
use of other mechanisms, such as the system of pre-export declarations;

     7.  Calls upon all Governments to consider the establishment of control
measures for intermediaries, including registration on licensing and record-
keeping requirements, as well as the enactment of regulatory and criminal
sanctions for intermediaries facilitating diversions;

     8.  Requests the Board to study, in consultation with Governments, the
feasibility of formulating specific guidelines for use by Governments on the
control of intermediaries involved in international trade of psychotropic
substances, on the basis of the conclusions and recommendations of the
International Narcotics Control Board/Pompidou Group Expert Consultation on
Control of Brokers and Transit Operators Handling Psychotropic Substances and
Precursors;

     9.  Invites Governments of exporting countries, in seeking to verify the
legitimacy of suspicious export transactions, to establish or reinforce
bilateral contacts with Governments of importing countries and, if necessary,
to request the assistance of the Board;

     10. Invites all Governments and relevant international bodies to ensure
the rapid flow of communications, including the use of electronic means of
data exchange;

     11. Requests the Secretary-General to propose to the General Assembly,
in order to implement the present resolution, any modification in the
programme of work of the Secretariat that may be necessary for the allocation
of adequate resources to the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme in the programme budget for the biennium 1996-1997;

     12. Requests the Secretary-General to transmit the present resolution to
all Governments for consideration and implementation.

                                                          48th plenary meeting
                                                                  24 July 1996


                                   Decisions

          1996/246.  Provisional agenda and documentation for the fortieth
                     session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs

     At its 45th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council approved the provisional agenda and documentation for the fortieth
session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs set out below:


             PROVISIONAL AGENDA AND DOCUMENTATION FOR THE FORTIETH
                  SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON NARCOTIC DRUGS

     1.  Election of officers.

     2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters

         Documentation

         Annotated provisional agenda

     3.  General debate.

         Documentation

         Report of the Executive Director on the activities of the United
         Nations International Drug Control Programme

     4.  International Narcotics Control Board.

         Documentation

         Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 1996

         Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 1996 on the
         implementation of article 12 of the United Nations Convention
         against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
         Substances of 1988

     5.  Illicit demand for drugs

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretariat on the world situation with regard to drug
         abuse

     6.  Illicit drug traffic and supply, including reports of subsidiary
         bodies of the Commission.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretariat on the world situation with regard to
         illicit drug trafficking

     7.  Measures taken by Governments to implement the Global Programme of
         Action adopted by the General Assembly at its seventeenth special
         session.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on the Global Programme of Action
         adopted by the General Assembly at its seventeenth special session

     8.  Implementation of resolutions of the General Assembly on
         international drug control.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretariat

     9.  Abuse of and illicit trafficking in stimulants.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretariat

     10. Effects on individuals, society and international drug control of
         the prescription of narcotic drugs to drug addicts.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretariat

     11. Administrative and budgetary matters.

         Documentation

         Note by the Secretariat

     12. Provisional agenda for the forty-first session of the Commission and
         future work.

         Documentation

         Note by the Secretariat

     13. Other matters.

         Documentation

         Note by the Secretariat (as necessary)

     14. Adoption of the report of the Commission on its fortieth session.


        1996/247.  Report of the International Narcotics Control Board

     At its 45th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council took note of the summary of the report of the International Narcotics
Control Board for 1995.  139/




        1996/248.  Membership of the Subcommission on Illicit Drug Traffic
                   and Related Matters in the Near and Middle East

     At its 45th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council, taking note of the relevant part of the report of the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs at its thirty-ninth session, decided to approve the application
for membership in the Subcommission on Illicit Drug Traffic and Related
Matters in the Near and Middle East of Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and
Turkmenistan.


             1996/249.  Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs

     At its 45th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council took note of the report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs on its
thirty-ninth session.  140/


          1996/250.  Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation
                     of the United Nations System-wide Action Plan on
                     Drug Abuse Control

     At its 45th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council took note of the report of the Secretary-General on the implementation
of the United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control.  141/


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Special session of the General Assembly devoted to the combat against the
illicit production, sale, demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs
and psychotropic substances and related activities

100. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the Council considered draft resolution
I, entitled "Special session of the General Assembly devoted to the combat
against the illicit production, sale, demand, traffic and distribution of
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and related activities",
recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1996/27, chap. I, sect. A).

It heard the following statement by the representative of the Office of
Programme Planning, Budget and Accounts:

         "Should the Economic and Social Council adopt draft resolution I as
     recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, there would be no
     programme budget implications for the biennium 1996-1997.  The programme
     budget implications entailed by the convening of a special session of
     the General Assembly in 1998 would be dealt with in the context of the
     proposed programme budget for the biennium 1998-1999 once the General
     Assembly takes a decision at its fifty-first session to convene in a
     special session in 1998."

101. At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution.  See
Council resolution 1996/17 (para. 99 above).

102. After the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by the
representatives of Japan, Argentina, Colombia and the Philippines and the
observers for Mexico and Cuba.

Action to strengthen international cooperation to control precursors and their
substitutes used in the illicit manufacture of controlled substances, in
particular amphetamine-type stimulants, and to prevent their diversion

103. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the representative of the United States
of America made a statement regarding draft resolution III, entitled "Action
to strengthen international cooperation to control precursors and their
substitutes used in the illicit manufacture of controlled substances, in
particular amphetamine-type stimulants, and to prevent their diversion"
recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (E/1996/27, chap. I, sect. A).

104. At the 48th meeting, on 24 July, the attention of the Council was drawn
to annex III of the report, which contained a statement of the programme
budget implications of the draft resolution, submitted by the Secretary-
General in accordance with rule 31 of the rules of procedure of the Council.

105. Statements were made by the representatives of the United States of
America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.  The
representative of the United Nations Office at Vienna responded to points
raised.

106. At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution.  See
Council resolution 1996/29 (para. 99 above).

107. Before the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement.

Measures to combat diversion of psychotropic substances and to establish
effective control over operations carried out by intermediaries in
international trade of psychotropic substances

108. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the representative of the United States
of America made a statement regarding draft resolution IV, entitled "Measures
to combat diversion of psychotropic substances and to establish effective
control over operations carried out by intermediaries in international trade
of psychotropic substances", recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs
(E/1996/27, chap. I, sect. A).

109. At the 48th meeting, on 24 July, the attention of the Council was drawn
to annex III of the report, which contained a statement of the programme
budget implications of the draft resolution, submitted by the Secretary-
General in accordance with rule 31 of the rules of procedure of the Council.

110. At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution.  See
Council resolution 1996/30 (para. 99 above).

111. Before the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by the
representatives of Costa Rica and the United States of America.


Strengthening of the role of the International Narcotics Control Board and
development of a unified information system for the collection and analysis of
data concerning the nature, patterns and trends of the global problem of drug
abuse

112. At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the Council adopted draft resolution
VI, entitled "Strengthening of the role of the International Narcotics Control
Board and development of a unified information system for the collection and
analysis of data concerning the nature, patterns and trends of the global
problem of drug abuse", recommended by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs
(E/1996/27, chap. I, sect. A).  See Council resolution 1996/20 (para. 99
above).

113. After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of Colombia
made a statement.


               9.  United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

                                 INTRODUCTION

114. At its substantive session (agenda item 5 (i)), the Council considered
the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (E/1996/52 and
Corr.1) at its 41st and 42nd meetings, on 19 July 1996.  An account of the
discussion is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.41 and 42).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

115. Under agenda item 5 (i), the Council adopted one decision.


                                   Decision

     1996/238.  Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

     At its 42nd plenary meeting, on 19 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council took note of the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees.  142/


                   B.  Economic and environmental questions

                                 INTRODUCTION

116. At its substantive session, the Council considered economic and
environmental questions (agenda item 6) at its 30th to 34th, 36th to 39th,
45th, 50th and 52nd meetings, on 11, 12, 15 to 18, 23, 25 and 26 July 1996. 
An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1996/SR.30-34, 36/39, 45, 50 and 52).  The Council had before it the report
of the Committee for Development Planning on its thirtieth session
(E/1996/76).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

117. Under agenda item 6, the Council adopted one decision.


                                   Decision

1996/229.  Report of the Committee for Development Planning
           on its thirtieth session                        

     At its 31st plenary meeting, on 11 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council took note of the report of the Committee for Development Planning on
the thirtieth session.  143/


                          1.  Sustainable development

                                 INTRODUCTION

118. The Council considered the question of sustainable development (agenda
item 6 (a)) at its 30th, 31st, 32nd and 52nd meetings, on 11, 12 and
26 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant
summary records (E/1996/SR.30-32, and 52).  The Council had before it the
following documents:

     (a) Letter dated 21 July 1995 from the Secretary-General of the
International Maritime Organization addressed to the Secretary-General of the
United Nations (E/1996/15);

     (b) Report of the Commission on Sustainable Development on its fourth
session (E/1996/28);

     (c) Letter dated 29 April 1996 from the Director-General of the
International Air Transport Association addressed to the Secretary-General
(E/1996/63);

     (d) Note by the Secretary-General transmitting an extract from the
report of the Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods on its
eighteenth session (E/1996/66);

     (e) Letter dated 26 June 1996 from the Secretary-General of the
International Civil Aviation Organization addressed to the Secretary-General
of the United Nations (E/1996/84);

     (f) Statement submitted by the Hazardous Materials Advisory Council, a
non-governmental organization in consultative status (roster) with the
Economic and Social Council (E/1996/NGO/1);

     (g) Statement submitted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), a
non-governmental organization in consultative status with the Economic and
Social Council, category I (E/1996/NGO/2).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

119. Under agenda item 6 (a), the Council adopted one resolution and four
decisions.


                                  Resolution

1996/1.  Institutional arrangements for the implementation of
         the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of
         the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities   

     The Economic and Social Council

     Recommends to the General Assembly the adoption of the following draft
resolution:

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling the relevant provisions of Agenda 21,  144/ in
particular chapters 17, 33, 34, 38 and other related chapters, and the Rio
Declaration on Environment and Development,  145/ 

     Recalling also its resolution 50/110 of 20 December 1995 on the report
of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme, in which
it endorsed, inter alia, Governing Council decision 18/31 on the protection of
the marine environment from land-based activities,

     Noting the successful conclusion of the Intergovernmental Conference to
Adopt a Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine
Environment from Land-based Activities, which was held in Washington, D.C.,
from 23 October to 3 November 1995,

     Having considered the Washington Declaration on Protection of the Marine
Environment from Land-based Activities  146/ and the Global Programme
of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based
Activities,  147/ as well as the proposal of the United Nations
Environment Programme on institutional arrangements and implementation of the
Global Programme of Action and relevant recommendations of the Commission on
Sustainable Development,

     1.  Endorses the Washington Declaration on Protection of the Marine
Environment from Land-based Activities and the Global Programme of Action for
the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities;

     2.  Stresses the need for States to take the necessary measures for the
implementation of the Global Programme of Action at the national and, as
appropriate, the regional and international levels;

     3.  Also stresses the need for States to take action for the formal
endorsement by each competent international organization of those parts of the
Global Programme of Action that are relevant to their mandates and to accord
appropriate priority to the implementation of the Global Programme of Action
in the work programme of each organization;

     4.  Further stresses the need for States to take such action at the next
meetings of the governing bodies of the United Nations Environment Programme,
the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Centre for Human
Settlements (Habitat), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations, the World Health Organization, the International Maritime
Organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the International Labour
Organization and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization and in
the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the relevant bodies of
the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, as well as in other
competent international and regional organizations within and outside the
United Nations system;

     5.  Further stresses the need for international cooperation, as outlined
in sections IV.A and B of the Global Programme of Action, in capacity-
building, technology transfer and cooperation, and the mobilization of
financial resources, including support, in particular for developing
countries, especially the least developed countries, countries with economies
in transition and small island developing States, and to this end calls upon
bilateral donors and international, regional and subregional financial
institutions and mechanisms, including the Global Environment Facility, and
other competent development and financial institutions to:

     (a) Ensure that their programmes give appropriate priority for country-
driven projects aimed at the implementation of the Global Programme of Action;

     (b) Assist with capacity-building in the preparation and implementation
of national programmes and in identifying ways and means of funding them;

     (c) Improve their coordination so as to enhance the delivery of
financial and other support;

     6.  Invites non-governmental organizations and major groups to initiate
and strengthen their actions to facilitate and support the effective
implementation of the Global Programme of Action;

     7.  Requests the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment
Programme to prepare, for the consideration of the Governing Council at its
nineteenth session, specific proposals on:

     (a) The role of the United Nations Environment Programme in the
implementation of the Global Programme of Action, including the relevant role
of its Regional Seas Programme and Freshwater Unit;

     (b) Arrangements for secretariat support to the Global Programme of
Action;

     (c) Modalities for periodic intergovernmental review of progress in
implementing the Global Programme of Action;

     8.  Calls upon the United Nations Environment Programme, within its
available resources, and with the aid of voluntary contributions from States
for this purpose, to take expeditious action to provide for the establishment
and implementation of the clearing-house mechanism referred to in the Global
Programme of Action, and requests the Executive Director of the United Nations
Environment Programme to prepare and submit to the Governing Council at its
nineteenth session specific proposals on, inter alia:

     (a) The establishment of an inter-organizational group to develop the
basic design and structure of the clearing-house data directory and its
linkages to information delivery mechanisms;

     (b) The means of linking the inter-organizational group to ongoing work
within the United Nations system on the identification of and access to
relevant databases and the comparability of data;

     (c) The outline of a pilot project on the development of the clearing-
house's source category component on sewage, to be implemented in partnership
with the World Health Organization;

     9.  Calls upon States, in relation to the clearing-house mechanism, to
take action in the governing bodies of relevant intergovernmental
organizations and programmes so as to ensure that these organizations and
programmes take the lead in coordinating the development of the clearing-house
mechanism with respect to the following source categories, which are listed in
conjunction with the relevant organization(s) and/or programme(s) but not in
order of priority:

     (a) Sewage - The World Health Organization;

     (b) Persistent organic pollutants - the Inter-Organization Programme for
the Sound Management of Chemicals, the International Programme on Chemical
Safety and the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety;

     (c) Heavy metals - the United Nations Environment Programme in
cooperation with the Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of
Chemicals;

     (d) Radioactive substances - the International Atomic Energy Agency;

     (e) Nutrients and sediment mobilization - the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations;

     (f) Oils (hydrocarbons) and litter - the International Maritime
Organization;

     (g) Physical alterations, including habitat modification and destruction
of areas of concern - the United Nations Environment Programme;

     10. Decides to determine, at its special session to be held in June 1997
in accordance with its resolution 50/113 of 20 December 1995, specific
arrangements for integrating the outcomes of periodic intergovernmental
reviews, as envisaged in paragraph 7 (c) above, in the future work of the
Commission on 

Sustainable Development related to the monitoring of the implementation of and
follow-up to Agenda 21, in particular chapter 17.

                                                          31st plenary meeting
                                                                  11 July 1996


                                   Decisions

1996/230.  Matters relating to the third and fourth sessions of
           the Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Panel on Forests       

     At its 31st plenary meeting, on 11 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council approved:

     (a) The request of the Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Panel on Forests to hold
its third session at Geneva from 9 to 20 September 1996 and its fourth session
in New York for a period of two weeks in 1997;

     (b) The request of the Panel for provision to be made so that the two
sessional working groups it intended to establish during its third and fourth
sessions, as originally envisaged at its first session, could meet
simultaneously.


1996/231.  Report of the Commission on Sustainable Development 
           on its fourth session and provisional agenda for the
           fifth session of the Commission                     

     At its 31st plenary meeting, on 11 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council took note of the report of the Commission on Sustainable Development
on its fourth session  148/ and approved the provisional agenda for
the fifth session of the Commission set out below.


              PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE FIFTH SESSION OF THE
                   COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

     1.  Election of officers.

     2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

     3.  Report of the Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Panel on Forests.

     4.  Preparations for the special session of the General Assembly for the
         purpose of an overall review and appraisal of the implementation of
         Agenda 21.

     5.  Other matters.

     6.  Provisional agenda for the sixth session of the Commission.

     7.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its fifth session.


         1996/301.  Periodicity of amendments to the Recommendations on
                    the Transport of Dangerous Goods

     At its 52nd plenary meeting, on 26 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council took note of the note by the Secretary-General,  149/
indicating that the Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods
would examine, at its forthcoming session, the question of the periodicity of
amendments to the Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, invited
the Committee to take fully into account the views expressed by delegations
during the substantive session of 1996 of the Council, and invited Member
States that had not yet done so to submit to the Committee their views on the
matter.


         1996/302.  Non-governmental organizations on the Roster for the
                    purposes of the work of the Commission on Sustainable
                    Development

     At its 52nd plenary meeting, on 26 July 1996, the Economic and Social
Council:

     (a) Confirmed that the non-governmental organizations referred to in its
decision 1993/220 were on the Roster for the purposes of the work of the
Commission on Sustainable Development;

     (b) Decided that those non-governmental organizations referred to in
paragraph (a) above that wished to expand their participation in other fields
of the Council should so inform the Council's Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations which would take appropriate action as expeditiously as
possible;

     (c) Also decided to place this item in the agenda of the Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations for the second part of its 1996 session;

     (d) Requested the Secretary-General to inform the above-mentioned
non-governmental organizations of the present decision.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Periodicity of amendments to the Recommendations on the Transport of
Dangerous Goods

120.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), orally proposed a draft
decision entitled "Periodicity of amendments to the recommendations on
the Transport of Dangerous Goods".  The draft decision was
subsequently circulated in document E/1996/L.52.

121.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision. 
See Council decision 1996/301 (para. 119 above).

122.     Before the draft decision was adopted, statements were made
by the representatives of France and Guyana.


Non-governmental organizations on the Roster for the purposes of the
work of the Commission on Sustainable Development

123.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), read out an oral draft
decision (E/1996/L.49) entitled "Non-governmental organizations on the
Roster for the purposes of the work of the Commission on Sustainable
Development", submitted by him on the basis of informal consultations.

124.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision
(see Council decision 1996/302 (para. 119 above).  Before the draft
decision was adopted, statements were made by the representatives of
Costa Rica (on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that
are members of the Group of 77 and China) and Chile.

125.     After the draft decision was adopted, statements were made by
the representatives of Cuba and the Syrian Arab Republic.


                           2.  Trade and development

126.     The Council considered the question of trade and development
(agenda item 6 (b)) at its 33rd meeting, on 12 July 1996.  An account
of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary record
(E/1996/SR.33).

127.     No action was taken by the Council under agenda item 6 (b).


                     3.  Food and agricultural development

                                 INTRODUCTION

128.     The Council considered the question of food and agricultural
development (agenda item 6 (c)) at its 33rd meeting, on 12 July 1996. 
An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary
record (E/1996/SR.33).  The council had before it a note by the
Secretary-General transmitting the report on the review and analysis
of agrarian reform and rural development prepared by the secretariat
of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in
collaboration with other concerned organizations and bodies of the
United Nations system (E/1996/70).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

129.     Under agenda item 6 (c), the Council adopted one decision.


                                   Decision

          1996/232.  Review and analysis of agrarian reform and rural
                     development

     At its 33rd plenary meeting, on 12 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the note by the Secretary-General
transmitting the report on review and analysis of agrarian reform and
rural development prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of
the United Nations in collaboration with other concerned bodies and
organizations of the United Nations system.  150/


                             4.  Natural resources

                                 INTRODUCTION

130.     The Council considered the question of natural resources
(agenda item 6 (d)) at its 30th to 32nd and 50th meetings, on 11, 12
and 25 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.30-32 and 50).  The Council had
before it the report of the Committee on Natural Resources on its
third session (E/1996/31).  151/


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

131.     Under agenda item 6 (d), the Council adopted two resolutions
and two decisions.


                                  Resolutions

             1996/49.  Integration of key minerals issues into the
                       implementation of Agenda 21

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling that Agenda 21  152/ called for, inter alia, the
identification of balanced patterns of consumption worldwide that the
Earth could support in the long term,

     Recalling also that, in Agenda 21 and the Copenhagen Declaration
on Social Development,  153/ it is stated that the major cause
of the continued deterioration of the global environment is the
unsustainable pattern of consumption and production, particularly in
industrialized countries, which is a matter of grave concern,
aggravating poverty and imbalances,

     Noting that the policy implications of trends and projections in
consumption and production patterns were evaluated in a report of the
Secretary-General submitted to the Commission on Sustainable
Development at its fourth session in 1996,  154/ and that the
Commission endorsed the eco-efficiency approach and stressed the need
for an appropriate balance between supply-side and demand-side
approaches,

     Noting also that in its inter-sessional strategy paper entitled
"Towards the sustainable supply of minerals in the context of
Agenda 21",  155/ the Committee on Natural Resources analysed
the implications of those policy approaches for the minerals sector in
terms of the capacity of the environment to absorb the physical and
chemical impacts of minerals resource use, the sustainability of the
supply of essentially non-renewable mineral resources, and the
possibilities for modifying production and consumption patterns
throughout the mineral cycle by introducing greater efficiency of
minerals use, new technologies, recycling and substitution,

     Recalling that those minerals issues impinge heavily on developing
countries and economies in transition that seek to capture greater
benefits from mineral development, and consequently recalling also the
need to avoid undesirable impacts on those economies,

     1.  Brings to the attention of the Commission on Sustainable
Development, the relevant United Nations bodies and the regional
commissions the inter-sessional strategy paper of the Committee on
Natural Resources entitled "Towards the sustainable supply of minerals
in the context of Agenda 21";

     2.  Takes note, in principle, of the recommendations for concrete
action contained in relevant resolutions of the Committee on Natural
Resources, and recommends consideration of the means of their
implementation, within existing resources, through the relevant
priority programmes and by maximizing the opportunities for
collaboration among interested parties.

                                                          50th plenary meeting
                                                                  25 July 1996


        1996/50.  Integrated water resources development and management

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 32/158 of 19 December 1977,
in which the Assembly approved the Mar del Plata Action Plan,  156/

     Recalling also the recommendations related to water resources
contained in Agenda 21,  157/ which was adopted by the United
Nations Conference on Environment and Development, and the decisions
concerning water resources taken by the Commission on Sustainable
Development at its second session, in 1994,

     Recalling further General Assembly resolution 50/126 of
20 December 1995 concerning water supply and sanitation,

     Bearing in mind the outcome of the Intergovernmental Conference to
Adopt a Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine
Environment from Land-based Activities, which was held in
Washington, D.C., from 23 October to 3 November 1995,

     1.  Notes the work being undertaken on the comprehensive
assessment of the freshwater resources of the world;

     2.  Takes note with appreciation of the inter-sessional strategy
paper of the Committee on Natural Resources entitled "Averting the
multi-cause water crises ahead:  key coping strategies",  158/
which contains an analysis of pressing issues with worldwide
implications in the field of water resources;

     3.  Reaffirms the concept of water as a scarce and vulnerable
resource needed for the integrated development and management of land
and water resources in the framework of the national planning process,
including its linkages to economic and social objectives, land and
ocean resources;

     4.  Recommends that Governments consider adopting measures
designed to improve the efficient use of water resources in the
context of sustainable production and consumption patterns and the
growing importance of world trade; 

     5.  Also recommends that Governments take urgent action, as
appropriate, according to their national policies and priorities, on
the formulation and implementation of policies for the management of
water resources in large cities and towns; the water resources
requirements for food production relative to other needs; accelerating
significantly the rate of progress in the provision of water supply
and sanitation, particularly for the urban and rural poor; the control
of pollution from land-based sources, sewage and effluents; and the
protection of groundwater from overutilization and pollution;

     6.  Further recommends that Governments, in accordance with their
national policies and priorities and with the aid of the international
community, take appropriate measures for enhancing national and
regional self-sufficiency and capacities for, inter alia, the
operation, maintenance and financing of water resources projects, and
take measures to enhance their institutional, legal and technical
capabilities in the area of water resources, including the
strengthening and, where necessary, the establishment of regional
organizations;

     7.  Further recommends that Governments consider, with the
support of the organizations of the United Nations system, other
multilateral and bilateral organizations, and non-governmental
organizations, the possibility of establishing pilot projects on water
resources development and management, inter alia, on river basins and
in areas that are deemed to be suffering from serious water-related
stresses with a view to developing and implementing policies designed
to avert water crises; 

     8.  Urges the organizations of the United Nations system,
international financing organizations, other multilateral and
bilateral organizations, and non-governmental organizations and the
international community at large to give priority attention, as
appropriate, to providing Governments with technical and financial
support in their efforts to deal with such problems;

     9.  Invites the organizations of the United Nations system to
consider the findings and recommendations contained in the Committee
on Natural Resources strategy paper mentioned in paragraph 2 above, in
particular with regard to the ongoing preparation of a comprehensive
assessment of the freshwater resources of the world, and invites them
to give wide dissemination to that paper.

                                                          50th plenary meeting
                                                                  25 July 1996


                                   Decisions

      1996/306.  Report of the Committee on Natural Resources on its third
                 session and provisional agenda and documentation for the
                 fourth session of the Committee

     At its 50th plenary meeting, on 25 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council:

     (a) Took note of the report of the Committee on Natural Resources
on its third session;  159/

     (b) Approved the provisional agenda and documentation for the
fourth session of the Committee set out below, subject to any changes
that might be requested, taking into account the review of the role
and working methods of the Committee and its relationship with other
bodies in the context of the implementation of General Assembly
resolution 50/227.


              PROVISIONAL AGENDA AND DOCUMENTATION FOR THE FOURTH
                 SESSION OF THE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES

     1.  Election of officers.

     2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

     3.  Activities of the United Nations system in the field of water
         and mineral resources, and inter-agency coordination.

         Documentation

         Separate reports of the Secretary-General on water and
         mineral resources, respectively, focusing on progress made
         towards achieving sustainable development, describing the
         coordination and integration of activities of United Nations
         bodies and specialized agencies and the success of the
         programmes in meeting the goals set

     4.  Review of actions implemented by Governments following the
         consideration by the General Assembly of the comprehensive
         global water assessment.



         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on follow-up to the
         comprehensive assessment of the freshwater resources of the
         world

     5.  Issues related to assessment and management of land and water
         resources on an integrated basis.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on issues related to the
         spatial planning of land (including minerals) and water
         resources

     6.  Environmental protection and restoration issues arising from
         mineral industry activities.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on the development and
         application of state-of-the-art technologies for the
         utilization/reprocessing of mineral industry wastes with the
         aim of reducing the ecological burden on the environment

     7.  Issues related to the social and economic impacts of the
         mining sector, especially in developing countries and
         economies in transition.

         Documentation

         Discussion paper of the Secretary-General, prepared with the
         assistance of members of the Committee, on the basic problem
         of improving the capacity of developing countries and
         economies in transition to capture the maximum economic and
         social benefits of their potential for mineral production

     8.  Authoritative technological assessment of progress towards
         the sustainable extraction and utilization of minerals.

         Documentation

         Oral report by the United Nations Environment Programme, the
         United Nations Industrial Development Organization and the
         United Nations Conference on Trade and Development on their
         consultations together and with appropriate governmental and
         non-governmental organizations with a view to forging a
         partnership to fulfil the proposed technological functions in
         a comprehensive and authoritative way

     9.  Global land monitoring programme.

         Documentation

         Oral report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the
         United Nations, the World Health Organization and the United
         Nations Environment Programme on their consultations, in the
         light of the inter-sessional strategy paper of the Committee
         on Natural Resources entitled "Towards the sustainable supply
         of minerals in the context of Agenda 21",  160/ the
         existing blueprint and experience with the Global Water
         Quality Monitoring Programme of the Global Environmental
         Monitoring System (GEMS/WATER), with a view to formulating a
         plan for cooperation with national agencies in order to
         develop such a database

     10. Global knowledge base on mineral resource potential.

         Documentation

         Oral report on the results of the consultations between the
         United Nations Secretariat, the Food and Agriculture
         Organization of the United Nations, the regional commissions
         and the international mining industry on their consideration
         of the detailed requirements of a global knowledge base on
         mineral resource potential, in the light of the inter-
         sessional strategy paper of the Committee on Natural
         Resources entitled "Towards the sustainable supply of
         minerals in the context of Agenda 21", 160/ and ways in which
         such a knowledge base might be achieved, including initiation
         through a regional pilot project

     11. Provisional agenda for the fifth session of the Committee.

     12. Adoption of the report of the Committee on its fourth
         session.


           1996/307.  Duration of future sessions of the Committee on
                      Natural Resources

     At its 50th plenary meeting, on 25 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, on the recommendation of the Committee on Natural
Resources, decided that the duration of future sessions of the
Committee should be eight working days, beginning at its fourth
session, in 1998, subject to any changes that might be required,
taking into account the review of the role and working methods of the
Committee and its relationship with other bodies in the context of the
implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/227.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Integrated water resources development and management

132.     At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), introduced a draft
resolution (E/1995/L.29) entitled "Integrated water resources
development and management", submitted on the basis of informal
consultations held on draft resolution II, recommended by the
Committee on Natural Resources (E/1996/31, chap. I, sect. A).

133.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1996/50 (para. 131 above).

134.     Before the draft resolution was adopted, a statement was made
by the representative of the United States of America.

Integration of key minerals issues into the implementation of Agenda
21

135.     At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), introduced a draft
resolution (E/1995/L.32) entitled "Integration of key minerals issues
into the implementation of Agenda 21", submitted on the basis of
informal consultations held on draft resolution I, recommended by the
Committee on Natural Resources (E/1996/31, chap. I, sect. A).

136.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1996/49 (para. 131 above).  Before
the draft resolution was adopted, a statement was made by the
representative of Ireland (on behalf of the States members of the
United Nations that are members of the European Union).

Report of the Committee on Natural Resources on its third session and
provisional agenda and documentation for the fourth session of the
Committee

137.     At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), informed the Council of
the result of informal consultations held on draft decision I,
entitled "Report of the Committee on Natural Resources on its third
session and provisional agenda and documentation for the fourth
session of the Committee", recommended by the Committee on Natural
Resources (E/1996/31, chap. I, sect. B), and orally revised the text.

138.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision,
as orally revised.  See Council decision 1996/306 (para. 131 above).

Duration of future sessions of the Committee on Natural Resources

139.     At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), informed the Council of
the result of informal consultations held on draft decision II,
entitled "Duration of future sessions of the Committee on Natural
Resources", recommended by the Committee on Natural Resources
(E/1996/31, chap. I, sect. B), and orally revised the text.

140.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision,
as orally revised.  See Council decision 1996/307 (para. 131 above).

141.     Before the draft decision was adopted, a statement was made
by the representative of Ireland (on behalf of the States Members of
the United Nations that are members of the European Union).


                                  5.  Energy

                                 INTRODUCTION

142.     The Council considered the question of energy (agenda item
6 (e)) at its 30th to 32nd and 52nd meetings, on 11, 12 and
26 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.30-32 and 52).  The Council had
before it the report of the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of
Energy and on Energy for Development on its second session.  161/

                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

143.     Under agenda item 6 (e), the Council adopted one resolution
and two decisions.


                                  Resolution

        1996/44.  Coordination of the activities of the organizations of
                  the United Nations system in the field of energy

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Considering the crucial role of energy in sustainable development,

     Noting the continuing need for enhancing energy supplies and
improving the living conditions in developing countries,

     Recognizing the need to evolve strategies and programmes to ensure
a cost-effective and sustainable regime of energy supply and
consumption in the twenty-first century,

     Bearing in mind the views and recommendations of the Committee on
New and Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development on
the issues of medium-term planning and coordination in energy,

     Recalling decision 4/15 of the Commission on Sustainable
Development,  162/ in which the Commission requested the
Secretary-General to prepare a report for consideration by the
Commission at its fifth session, covering an inventory of ongoing
energy-oriented programmes and activities within the United Nations
system, as well as proposals for arrangements as appropriate, that
might be needed to foster the linkage between energy and sustainable
development within the United Nations system,

     1.  Requests the Secretary-General to take into account the
report and views of the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of
Energy and on Energy for Development when preparing the report
requested in decision 4/15 of the Commission on Sustainable
Development;

     2.  Also requests the Secretary-General to prepare a report,
taking into account, as appropriate, the views of the Committee on New
and Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development, on the
possibilities of strengthening the coordination of the organizations
and bodies of the United Nations system in the field of energy within
the framework of the Administrative Committee on Coordination, and to
submit this report, through the Council, to the General Assembly for
consideration at its fifty-second session;

     3.  Further requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with
the regional commissions and other entities within the United Nations
system, to address in the same report the need to enhance the
capability of the system in the field of energy for sustainable
development, and to explore all possible options for a high-level
discussion in this context, taking into account the results of the
fifth session of the Commission on Sustainable Development and of the
special session of the General Assembly scheduled for June 1997, as
well as the guidance provided by the relevant environmental
conventions and their respective conferences of the parties, in
particular the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change.  163/

                                                          52nd plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                   Decisions

        1996/303.  Recommendations of the Committee on New and Renewable
                   Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development at
                   its second session

     At its 52nd plenary meeting, on 26 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the recommendations made by the Committee
on New and Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development
at its second session, and invited all States, entities within the
United Nations system, other international organizations and
non-governmental organizations to consider the recommendations, as
appropriate.  The recommendations were as follows:

     (a) There was an imperative need to accelerate the research into
and development of all promising approaches to energy and materials
efficiency and renewable energy development with a view to assisting
in the early commercialization of advances made and achieving a more
efficient and sustainable balance in national energy economies. 
International financing organizations were urged to consider
earmarking a higher portion of their funds for this purpose;

     (b) In view of the slow progress made in removing the barriers
that hampered renewable energy development, there was a need to adopt
a proactive approach towards removing such obstacles.  In particular,
there was a need to continue subsidies and other forms of direct and
indirect support.  The external costs of using fossil fuels needed to
be internalized, and a policy environment conducive to the use of
renewable energy resources needed to be created;

     (c) A major and immediate expansion and acceleration were
necessary in decentralized rural electrification programmes in
developing countries.  As recommended at the special session of the
Committee, a global initiative should be launched with a clear
commitment of financial resources to fund it and an agreed time-frame
for its implementation;

     (d) Taking into account the critical socio-economic situation in
many developing countries, regional initiatives should be undertaken
to resolve important issues related to the use and development of
energy resources.  Such initiatives should serve as a platform for
studying, coordinating and implementing activities on a continuous
basis, and could be further reinforced through other forms of
international cooperation;

     (e) A systematic database should be established on the programmes
and activities of the organizations and bodies of the United Nations
system in the field of energy in a form that was accessible for public
information, using modern electronic communication techniques;

     (f) The reports of the Committee should be made available to the
Commission on Sustainable Development, the United Nations Centre for
Human Settlements (Habitat) and the Conference of the Parties to the
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change for their
consideration, as appropriate.


         1996/304.  Report of the Committee on New and Renewable Sources
                    of Energy and on Energy for Development on its second
                    session and provisional agenda and documentation for
                    the third session of the Committee

     At its 52nd plenary meeting, on 26 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council:

     (a) Took note of the report of the Committee on New and Renewable
Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development on its second
session;  164/

     (b) Approved the provisional agenda and documentation for the
third session of the Committee set out below, subject to any changes
that might be required, taking into account the review of the role and
working methods of the Committee and its relationship with other
bodies in the context of the implementation of General Assembly
resolution 50/227; and stressed the need for the Committee to study a
broad range of environmentally sound and efficient energy
technologies;

     (c) Asked the Committee to review its agenda in view of Council
resolution 1996/44 and Council decision 1996/303.


       PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE THIRD SESSION OF THE COMMITTEE ON NEW
         AND RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY AND ON ENERGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

     1.  Election of officers.

     2.  Adoption of the agenda and organization of work.

     3.  Follow-up to the previous sessions of the Committee.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on the follow-up to the
         previous sessions of the Committee

     4.  Energy and sustainable development:

         (a)   Environmentally sound and efficient fossil energy
               technologies;

         (b)   Renewable sources of energy, including biomass ethanol,
               with special emphasis on wind energy;

         (c)   Development and implementation of rural energy policies;

         (d)   Energy and transportation.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on environmentally sound and
         efficient fossil energy technologies

         Report of the Secretary-General on renewable sources of
         energy, including biomass ethanol, with special emphasis on
         wind energy

         Report of the Secretary-General on development and
         implementation of rural energy policies

         Report of the Secretary-General on energy and transportation

     5.  Medium-term planning and coordination of activities of the
         organizations of the United Nations system in the field of
         energy.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on coordination of activities
         of the organizations of the United Nations system in the
         field of energy

     6.  Other matters.

     7.  Provisional agenda for the fourth session of the Committee.

     8.  Adoption of the report of the Committee on its third session.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Coordination of the activities of the organizations of the United
Nations system in the field of energy

144.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), introduced a draft
resolution (E/1995/L.40) entitled "Coordination of the activities of
the organizations of the United Nations system in the field of
energy", submitted on the basis of informal consultations held on
draft resolutions I and II, recommended by the Committee on New and
Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development (E/1996/24,
chap. I, sect. A).

145.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1996/44 (para. 143 above).

Recommendation of the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy
and on Energy for Development at its second session

146.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), informed the Council of
the results of the informal consultations held on draft decision I
entitled "Recommendations of the Committee on New and Renewable
Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development at its second
session", recommended by the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of
Energy and on Energy for Development (E/1996/24, chap. I, sect. B).

147.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision. 
See Council decision 1996/303 (para. 143 above).

148.     Before the draft decision was adopted, a statement was made
by the representative of Ireland (on behalf of the States Members of
the United Nations that are members of the European Union).

Report of the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy and on
Energy for Development on its second session and provisional agenda
and documentation for the third session of the Committee

149.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), informed the Council of
the results of the informal consultations held on draft decision II
entitled "Report of the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of
Energy and on Energy for Development on its second session and
provisional agenda and documentation for the third session of the
Committee", recommended by the Committee on New and Renewable Sources
of Energy and on Energy for Development (E/1996/24, chap. I, sect. B),
and orally revised the text.

150.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision,
as orally revised.  See Council decision 1996/304 (para. 143 above).


                           6.  Population questions

                                 INTRODUCTION

151.     The Council considered population questions (agenda
item 6 (f)) at its 36th and 37th meetings, on 16 and 17 July 1996.  An
account of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1996/SR.36 and 37).  It had before it the report of the Commission
on Population and Development at its twenty-ninth session.  165/


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

152.     Under agenda item 6 (f), the Council adopted one resolution
and one decision.


                                  Resolution

            1996/2.  Follow-up to the International Conference
                     on Population and Development            

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Bearing in mind the results of the International Conference on
Population and Development and the adoption of the Programme of
Action  166/ and taking into account General Assembly
resolution 49/128 of 19 December 1994 on the report of the
International Conference on Population and Development, as well as
Assembly resolution 50/124 of 20 December 1995 and Economic and Social
Council resolution 1995/55 of 28 July 1995 on the implementation of
the Programme of Action of the Conference,

     Having reviewed the report of the Commission on Population and
Development on its twenty-ninth session,  167/

     Recalling the terms of reference and multi-year work programme of
the Commission, endorsed by the Council in its resolution 1995/55,

     1.  Stresses the need for all the reports prepared as part of the
multi-year work programme of the Commission on Population and
Development to be based on comprehensive and reliable information, for
the final version of the reports to take fully into account the
observations of the Commission and for the reports to be widely
disseminated in accordance with the terms of reference of the
Commission;

     2.  Also stresses the need to ensure that the deliberations of
the Commission fully reflect its updated and enhanced mandate, taking
into account the integrated, multidisciplinary and comprehensive
approach of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development;

     3.  Welcomes the newly constituted Task Force on Basic Social
Services of the Administrative Committee on Coordination, under the
current chairmanship of the United Nations Population Fund, and
requests the Task Force to make appropriate arrangements to ensure
coordination, collaboration and harmonization in the implementation of
all aspects of the Programme of Action of the Conference, as decided
by the Commission at its twenty-eighth session, and to continue to
report thereon to the Commission;

     4.  Requests that a revised version of the report of the
Secretary-General relating to the activities of the non-governmental
sector in the area of reproductive rights and reproductive health be
submitted to the Commission at its thirty-first session, in 1998,
based on a more comprehensive survey of the sector and a clearer
explanation of the selection criteria and categorization of the
organizations consulted, and incorporating examples of cooperation
between Governments and non-governmental organizations, in both
developing and developed countries;

     5.  Decides to invite non-governmental organizations to
participate, on an exceptional basis, in the thirtieth session of the
Commission, in 1997, along the lines specified in Economic and Social
Council decision 1996/208 of 9 February 1996;

     6.  Requests the Secretary-General to make appropriate
arrangements for liaison between non-governmental organizations and
the Commission, and to ensure that existing channels of communication
with non-governmental organizations are fully utilized in order to
facilitate broad-based participation and dissemination of information;

     7.  Requests improved annual reporting on financial flows,
including allocations/expenditures, based on consistent criteria and
related to the costed elements of the Programme of Action of the
Conference, including a clear account of levels and trends of funding
by source (bilateral sources, multilateral sources (both core and non-
core) and private funds, domestic allocations and the like);

     8.  Encourages the widest possible dissemination of reports on
progress in implementing the Programme of Action of the Conference
prepared by the organizations and bodies of the United Nations system,
including, wherever possible, their dissemination through electronic
channels of communication, and welcomes the intention of the United
Nations Population Fund to report on implementation in its annual
publication The State of World Population;

     9.  Proposes that, in addition to their special coverage in the
World Population Monitoring reports, main demographic trends be
covered biennially, starting in 1997, in a complementary concise
report prepared by the Population Division of the Department for
Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis of the United
Nations Secretariat, to be discussed under the agenda item concerning
the work programme of the Population Division;

     10. Emphasizes the importance of information, education and
communication as a strategy for furthering follow-up action on the
International Conference on Population and Development, particularly
in the areas of reproductive rights and reproductive health, and urges
the Population Division to highlight the efforts of Governments in
this regard in relevant reports prepared for the Commission;

     11. Welcomes the encouraging evidence of actions being undertaken
by Governments, international organizations and the non-governmental
sector in response to the challenges of the Programme of Action of the
Conference related to reproductive rights and reproductive health, and
stresses the need for such action to be accelerated and widened, in
particular the need to mobilize additional financial resources, as
called for in the Programme of Action of the Conference;

     12. Requests the Task Force on Basic Social Services to
coordinate the development of appropriate indicators, taking into
account relevant research, so that progress in addressing reproductive
health needs by individual countries can be assessed on a reliable
basis;

     13. Requests that evidence of further progress in achieving the
goals of the Programme of Action of the Conference be communicated to
the Commission on an annual basis through selected publications and
documentation prepared by the United Nations Secretariat, including
the Population Division, as well as publications and documentation
prepared by other United Nations bodies, including the United Nations
Population Fund, the regional commissions and the specialized
agencies.

                                                          37th plenary meeting
                                                                  17 July 1996


                                   Decision

1996/234.  Report of the Commission on Population and
           Development on its twenty-ninth session   
           and provisional agenda for the thirtieth  
           session of the Commission                 

     At its 37th plenary meeting, on 17 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council:

     (a) Took note of the report of the Commission on Population and
Development on its twenty-ninth session;  168/

     (b) Approved the provisional agenda for the thirtieth session of
the Commission set out below.


              PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE THIRTIETH SESSION OF THE
                   COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

     1.  Election of officers.

     2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

     3.  General debate on national experience in population matters.

     4.  Follow-up actions to the recommendations of the International
         Conference on Population and Development:  international
         migration, with special emphasis on the linkages between
         migration and development and on gender issues and the
         family.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on world population
         monitoring, focusing on international migration, with special
         emphasis on the linkages between migration and development
         and on gender issues and the family

         Report of the Secretary-General on the monitoring of
         population programmes

         Report of the Secretary-General on activities of
         intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations relating
         to the implementation of the Programme of Action of the
         International Conference on Population and Development

         Report of the Secretary-General on the flow of financial
         resources for assisting in the implementation of the
         Programme of Action of the International Conference on
         Population and Development

         Relevant parts of the report of the Task Force on Basic
         Social Services of the Administrative Committee on
         Coordination dealing with the implementation of the Programme
         of Action of the International Conference on Population and
         Development

     5.  Programme questions:

         (a)   Programme performance and implementation;

         (b)   Proposed programme of work for the biennium 1998-1999.

         Documentation

         Report of the Secretary-General on progress of work in the
         field of population, 1996

         Note by the Secretary-General on the programme of work for
         the biennium 1998-1999

     6.  Provisional agenda for the thirty-first session of the
         Commission.

         Documentation

         Note by the Secretariat containing the draft provisional
         agenda for the thirty-first session of the Commission

     7.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its thirtieth
         session.


                 7.  International cooperation in tax matters

                                 INTRODUCTION

153.     The Council considered the question of international
cooperation in tax matters (agenda item 6 (g)) at its 34th meeting, on
15 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.34).  It had before it the report
of the Secretary-General on the seventh meeting of the Ad Hoc Group of
Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters (E/1996/62).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

154.     Under agenda item 6 (g), the Council adopted one decision.


                                   Decision

               1996/233.  Report of the Secretary-General on the
                          seventh meeting of the Ad Hoc Group of
                          Experts on International Cooperation  
                          in Tax Matters                        

     At its 34th plenary meeting, on 15 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
seventh meeting of the Ad Hoc Group of Experts on International
Cooperation in Tax Matters.  169/


            8.  International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction

                                 INTRODUCTION

155.     The Council considered the question of the International
Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (agenda item 6 (h)) at its 37th,
38th, 45th and 52nd meetings, on 17, 23 and 26 July 1996.  An account
of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1996/SR.37, 38, 45 and 52).  The Council had before it the report
of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the International
Framework of Action for the International Decade for Natural Disaster
Reduction (A/51/186-E/1996/80).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

156.     Under agenda item 6 (h), the Council adopted one resolution.


                                  Resolution

         1996/45.  International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling its resolution 1995/47 B of 27 July 1995 and General
Assembly resolution 50/117 A of 20 December 1995,

     Mindful of the continuing threat of natural disasters and similar
emergency situations to vulnerable populations and communities
worldwide,

     Reaffirming the commitment to the effective implementation of the
goals and overall objectives of the International Decade for Natural
Disaster Reduction,

     Recognizing the need for concrete measures to reduce the
vulnerability of societies to natural disasters, with their attendant
loss of human life and heavy physical and economic damage, in
particular in developing countries, among which least developed
countries, small island States and land-locked countries are
especially vulnerable,

     Reaffirming its commitment to the full implementation of the
Yokohama Strategy for a Safer World:  Guidelines for Natural Disaster
Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation, containing the Principles,
the Strategy and the Plan of Action,  170/ especially with
regard to its call for international cooperation in the field of
disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation,

     1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction;  171/

     2.  Reiterates the distinct character of the International Decade
for Natural Disaster Reduction as a framework for action that
facilitates the effective integration of disaster reduction into
planning at all levels, in particular at the national and community
levels;

     3.  Reaffirms that disaster reduction forms an integral part of
sustainable development strategies and national development plans of
vulnerable countries and communities; 

     4.  Calls upon States, relevant intergovernmental bodies and all
others involved in the Decade to participate actively in its financial
and technical activities, including the need to share the necessary
technology to prevent, reduce and mitigate disasters, in order to
ensure the implementation of the International Framework of Action for
the Decade;  172/

     5.  Underlines the need for the United Nations system to ensure
the integration of the Yokohama Strategy for a Safer World: 
Guidelines for Natural Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and
Mitigation, and its Plan of Action in the coordinated approach taken
to the follow-up to all recent major United Nations conferences and
summits and to the implementation of their respective plans of action;

     6.  Stresses the need for synergy between the implementation of
the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small
Island Developing States  173/ and the Yokohama Strategy and
its Plan of Action as they relate to natural disaster reduction;

     7.  Recommends that adequate consideration be given to the
International Framework of Action for the Decade as part of the
evaluation and overall review and appraisal of the implementation of
Agenda 21  174/ in 1997.

                                                          52nd plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                  PROCEEDINGS

              International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction

157.     At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the representative of Costa
Rica, on behalf of States Members of the United Nations that are
members of the Group of 77 and China, introduced a draft resolution
(E/1996/L.35) entitled "International Decade for Natural Disaster
Reduction", which read as follows:

         "The Economic and Social Council,

         "Recalling its resolution 1995/47 B of 25 July 1995 and
     General Assembly resolution 50/117 A of 8 December 1995,

         "Mindful of the continuing threat of natural disasters and
     similar emergency situations to vulnerable populations and
     communities worldwide,

         "Concerned about the continuing difficulties in effectively
     implementing the goals and overall objectives of the International
     Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction,

         "Recognizing the need for concrete measures to reduce the
     vulnerability of societies to natural disasters, with their
     attendant loss of human life and heavy physical and economic
     damage, in particular in developing countries, among which small
     island States and land-locked countries are especially vulnerable,

         "Reaffirming its commitment to the full implementation of the
     Yokohama Strategy for a Safer World:  Guidelines for Natural
     Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation, and its Plan of
     Action, especially with regard to its call for international
     cooperation in the field of disaster prevention, preparedness and
     mitigation,

         "1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
     International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction; 

         "2.   Reiterates the distinct character of the International
     Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction as a global concept and
     framework for action which makes possible the effective
     integration of disaster reduction into national planning at the
     country and community levels;

         "3.   Reaffirms that disaster reduction is an integral part of
     and contributes to the achievement of sustainable development,
     through the protection of resources, at the national and community
     levels, such as human lives, human capacities, financial assets,
     natural resources and the environment, means of production, and
     infrastructure;

         "4.   Calls upon States, relevant intergovernmental bodies and
     all others involved in the Decade to participate actively in its
     financial and technical activities in order to ensure the
     implementation of the International Framework of Action for the
     Decade; 

         "5.   Calls on the Secretary-General of the United Nations to
     ensure the integration and recognition of the Yokohama Strategy
     and Plan of Action, which is based on the targets and overall
     objectives of the Decade, in the coordinated approach taken to the
     follow-up to all recent major United Nations conferences and
     summits and to the implementation of their respective plans of
     action;

         "6.   Stresses the need for synergy between the implementation
     of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of
     Small Island Developing States and the Yokohama Strategy and Plan
     of Action as they relate to natural disaster reduction;

         "7.   Calls further on the Secretary-General to ensure adequate
     consideration and involvement of the International Framework of
     Action for the Decade in the evaluation and overall review and
     appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21 in 1997."

158.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), informed the Council of
the results of the informal consultations held on the draft
resolution, and orally revised the text.

159.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft
resolution, as orally revised.  See Council resolution 1996/45
(para. 156 above).


9.  Follow-up to General Assembly resolution 50/106:
    business and development                        

                                 INTRODUCTION

160.     The Council considered the question of the follow-up to
General Assembly resolution 50/106:  business and development (agenda
item 6 (i)) at its 34th, 39th and 52nd meeting on 15, 18 and
26 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.34 39 and 52).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

161.     Under agenda item 6 (i), the Council adopted one decision.


                                   Decision

1996/305.  Follow-up to General Assembly resolution 50/106:
           business and development                        

     At its 52nd plenary meeting, on 26 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, having taken note of General Assembly resolution
50/106 of 20 December 1995 and considered at its substantive session
of 1996, under agenda item 6 (i), the issue of illicit payments, to
which that resolution related, and having also taken note of the draft
resolution  175/ containing a United Nations declaration on
corruption and bribery in transnational commercial activities
submitted under that item:

     (a) Decided to continue consideration of agenda item 6 (i),
including the above-mentioned draft resolution, at its resumed
substantive session of 1996;

     (b) Requested the President of the Council to continue to
facilitate open-ended consultations prior to its resumed substantive
session, with a view to enhancing the prospects for achieving
consensus.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

162.     At the 39th meeting, on 18 July, the representative of the
United States of America, on behalf of Argentina and Venezuela,
introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.26) entitled "Corruption and
bribery in commercial activities", which read as follows:

         "The Economic and Social Council

         "Recommends to the General Assembly the adoption of the
     following draft resolution:
                       'United Nations declaration on corruption and
                       bribery in transnational commercial activities

               'The General Assembly,

               'Recalling its resolution 3514 (XXX) of 15 December 1975,
         in which, inter alia, it condemned all corrupt practices,
         including bribery, in international business transactions,
         reaffirmed the right of any State to adopt legislation and to
         investigate and take appropriate legal action, in accordance
         with its national laws and regulations, with respect to such
         corrupt practices, and called upon all Governments to
         cooperate to prevent corrupt practices, including bribery,

               'Recalling also its resolution 50/106 of 20 December
         1995, in which it recommended that the Economic and Social
         Council, at its substantive session of 1996, consider the
         draft international agreement on illicit payments and report
         to the Assembly at its fifty-first session,

               'Convinced that a stable and predictable environment for
         international business transactions is essential for the
         mobilization of investment, finance, technology, skills and
         other important resources across national borders to promote
         economic and social development worldwide, especially that of
         countries seeking to revitalize or develop their economies,

               'Recognizing that the prevention and avoidance of corrupt
         practices are important elements in an improved international
         business environment, that they enhance fairness and
         competitiveness in transnational business transactions, and
         that they also benefit the general public,

               'Recognizing that efforts to combat bribery are an
         essential part of the promotion of good governance and of
         economic development,

               'Taking into account efforts by the international
         community to address other international criminal activities
         and corrupt practices, such as trafficking in illegal
         narcotics, money-laundering and smuggling in order to enable
         people in all countries to lead their lives and conduct
         business in greater peace, safety and security,

               'Recalling the work done by the United Nations in the
         preparation of a draft agreement on illicit payments, which
         helped call attention to and raise international awareness of
         the adverse consequences of bribery in connection with
         international commercial transactions,

               'Taking note of and welcoming more recent developments
         that have further advanced international understanding and
         cooperation regarding bribery in transactional business,
         including:

               '(a)The agreement in March 1996 by member countries of
         the Organization of American States on an InterAmerican
         Convention Against Corruption, including an article on the
         prohibition of foreign commercial bribery;

               '(b)The ongoing work in the World Trade Organization to
         improve transparency, openness and due process in government
         procurement procedures;

               '(c)The agreement by the member countries of the
         Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development to
         review and prohibit the tax deductibility of bribes paid to
         foreign officials in international commercial transactions;

               '(d)The commitment of ministers of member countries of
         the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development to
         criminalize the bribery of foreign public officials in
         international business transactions,

               '1.  Commends the work being undertaken in other United
         Nations and international forums to address the problem of
         corruption in transnational commercial activities, and urges
         all States concerned to pursue the early completion of such
         work;

               '2.  Approves the United Nations Declaration on
         Corruption and Bribery in Transnational Commercial
         Activities, which is contained in the annex to the present
         resolution;

               '3.  Urges Member States, in accordance with the
         provisions of the Declaration, to take all appropriate
         measures at the national, regional and international levels
         to combat corruption in transnational commercial activities,
         in particular bribery;

               '4.  Invites the Secretary-General to inform Member
         States and the relevant specialized agencies and
         organizations of the United Nations system of the adoption of
         the present resolution, to encourage action towards making
         its provisions widely known and to promote its full
         implementation;

               '5.  Requests the Secretary-General to prepare a report
         on steps taken by Member States and progress made towards
         implementation of the provisions of the present resolution,
         and to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second
         session;

               '6.  Decides to include on the agenda of the fifty-second
         session of the General Assembly a review of the Secretary-
         General's report concerning the implementation of the present
         resolution, as well as a review of the InterAmerican
         Convention Against Corruption and other similar actions by
         international and regional organizations, with a view to
         considering possible future United Nations action in this
         area.


                                       'Annex

                   'UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION ON CORRUPTION AND
                   BRIBERY IN TRANSNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES

               'The General Assembly solemnly proclaims the United
         Nations Declaration on Corruption and Bribery in
         Transnational Commercial Activities set out below.

               'Member States, acting individually and through
         international and regional organizations, commit themselves
         to pursue the following courses of action to further the
         objectives of the present Declaration:


                                     'Article 1

               'Take immediate and concrete action to combat foreign
         commercial bribery, including effective enforcement of
         existing laws prohibiting the bribing of Member States' own
         public officials in transnational commercial transactions;


                                     'Article 2

               'Make punishable by appropriate criminal penalties, and
         subject to their own principles of jurisdiction:

               '(a)The offer, promise or giving of any payment, gift or
         other advantage, directly or indirectly, to a foreign public
         official as undue consideration for performing or refraining
         from the performance of his duties in connection with an
         international commercial transaction;

               '(b)The soliciting, demanding, accepting or receiving,
         directly or indirectly, by a foreign public official of any
         payment, gift or other advantage, as undue consideration for
         performing or refraining from the performance of his duties
         in connection with international commercial transactions;


                                     'Article 3

               'Prohibit the tax deductibility of bribes paid to foreign
         public officials;


                                     'Article 4

               'Develop accounting standards and practices that will
         improve the transparency of international business
         transactions and encourage the development of business codes
         of conduct that prohibit the use of bribery for commercial
         purposes;


                                     'Article 5

               'Develop government procurement procedures intended to
         improve transparency and help prevent the incidence of
         commercial bribery;


                                     'Article 6

               'Ensure that corporations and other juridical persons
         established within their territories maintain, under penalty
         of law, accurate records of payments made by them to an
         intermediary, or received by them as an intermediary, in
         connection with transnational commercial activities;


                                     'Article 7

               'Cooperate and afford one another the greatest possible
         assistance in connection with criminal investigations and
         procedures brought in respect of corruption and bribery in
         transnational commercial activities.  Mutual assistance shall
         include, as far as permitted under national laws of the
         affected countries and taking into account the need for
         confidentiality, as appropriate:

               '(a)Production of documents and other information, taking
         of evidence and service of documents relevant to
         investigations or court proceedings;

               '(b)Notice of the initiation and outcome of any criminal
         proceedings concerning bribery in transnational commercial
         activities to other States that may have jurisdiction over
         the same offence;

               '(c)Extradition proceedings, where applicable, in
         accordance with existing bilateral treaties;


                                     'Article 8

               'Cooperate with and provide to the Secretary-General of
         the United Nations relevant information in connection with
         the Secretary-General's preparation of a report to Member
         States on progress made in implementing the provisions of the
         present Declaration.'"

163.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), read out a draft decision
on the basis of informal consultations held on draft resolution
E/1996/L.26.

164.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft decision. 
See Council decision 1996/305 (para. 161 above).

165.     Before the draft decision was adopted, statements were made
by the representatives of the United States of America and India.


C.  Regional cooperation in the economic, social
    and related fields                          

                                 INTRODUCTION

166.     At its substantive session, the Council considered the
question of regional cooperation in the economic, social and related
fields (agenda item 7) at its 38th to 40th, 48th and 52nd meetings, on
17, 18, 24 and 26 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is
contained in the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.38-40, 48 and
52).  The Council had before it the following documents:

     (a) Report of the Secretary-General on regional cooperation in
the economic, social and related fields (E/1996/45 and Add.1);

     (b) Summary of the economic survey of Europe, 1995 (E/1996/46);

     (c) Summary of the survey of economic and social conditions in
Africa, 1995 (E/1996/47);

     (d) Summary of the survey of economic and social conditions in
Asia and the Pacific, 1996 (E/1996/48);

     (e) Summary of the economic survey of Latin America and the
Caribbean, 1995 (E/1996/49);

     (f) Summary of the economic and social developments in the ESCWA
region, 1995 (E/1996/50);

     (g) Statement submitted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), a
non-governmental organization in consultative status with the Economic
and Social Council, category I, on the Inter-Parliamentary process of
security and cooperation in the Mediterranean (E/1996/NGO/4).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

167.     Under agenda item 7, the Council adopted three resolutions
and two decisions.


                                  Resolutions

1996/3.  Amendment of the terms of reference of the Economic
         and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific     

A.  Change of name of Hong Kong in paragraphs 2 and 4
    of the terms of reference of the Commission      

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Noting that the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the
Pacific has recommended that the name "Hong Kong" in paragraphs 2 and
4 of the terms of reference of the Commission be changed to "Hong
Kong, China", effective as from 1 July 1997, with the objective of
enabling Hong Kong to continue thereafter as an associate member of
the Commission,

     Decides to amend paragraphs 2 and 4 of the terms of reference of
the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
accordingly.

                                                          40th plenary meeting
                                                                  18 July 1996


           B.  Admission of Palau as a full member of the Commission

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Noting that Palau has become a member of the Economic and Social
Commission for Asia and the Pacific in accordance with paragraph 3 of
the terms of reference of the Commission,

     Decides to amend paragraphs 3 and 4 of the terms of reference of
the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
accordingly.

                                                          40th plenary meeting
                                                                  18 July 1996


             C.  Admission of Turkey as a member of the Commission

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Noting that the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the
Pacific has recommended the admission of Turkey as a member within the
geographical scope of the Commission,

     Decides to amend paragraphs 2 and 3 of the terms of reference of
the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
accordingly.

                                                          40th plenary meeting
                                                                  18 July 1996


     1996/4.  New directions for the Economic Commission for Africa            
                   
     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling the terms of reference of the Economic Commission for
Africa as adopted by the Council in its resolution 671 A (XXV) of
29 April 1958 and amended by the Council in its resolutions
974 D I (XXXVI) of 5 July 1963, 1343 (XLV) of 18 July 1968 and 1978/68
of 4 August 1978,

     Recalling also the various resolutions that have implications for
the mandate and operations of the Commission, in particular General
Assembly resolutions 32/197 of 20 December 1977 and 33/202 of
29 January 1979 on the restructuring of the economic and social
sectors of the United Nations system, and Assembly resolution 44/211
of 22 December 1989,

     Noting with appreciation the endorsement by the Council of
Commission resolution 718 (XXVI) of 12 May 1991 on the revitalization
of the mandate and operational framework of the regional commission
for Africa,  176/ as well as Commission resolutions
726 (XXVII) of 22 April 1992 on strengthening the Economic Commission
for Africa to face Africa's development challenges in the
1990s  177/ and 779 (XXIX) of 4 May 1994 on strengthening the
operational capacity of the Economic Commission for Africa,  178/

     Bearing in mind General Assembly resolutions 45/177 of
19 December 1990, 45/264 of 13 May 1991 and 46/235 of 13 April 1992 on
the restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in the
economic, social and related fields, in which the Assembly requested
the Secretary-General to implement proposed restructuring measures
whereby, inter alia, the regional commissions should be enabled fully
to play their role under the authority of the Assembly and the
Council, and particularly those regional commissions located in
developing countries should be strengthened in the context of the
overall objectives of the ongoing restructuring and revitalization
process,

     Having examined in depth the document entitled "Serving Africa
better:  strategic directions for the Economic Commission for
Africa"  179/ and the proposed medium-term plan for the period
1998-2001,  180/

     1.  Expresses its appreciation for the process of reform and
renewal of the Commission initiated by the Executive Secretary;

     2.  Endorses the new orientations of the Commission, as outlined
in the document "Serving Africa better:  strategic directions for the
Economic Commission for Africa";

     3.  Also endorses the proposed medium-term plan for the period
1998-2001, bearing in mind that in its implementation due emphasis
will be given to the need for greater selectivity and impact;

     4.  Encourages the Executive Secretary to continue to strengthen
the process of renewal and reform of the Commission in consultation
with member States;

     5.  Requests the Executive Secretary, in close collaboration with
the Bureau of the Commission, to carry out a revision of the work
programme for the period 1996-1997, which has become necessary to
reflect the new orientation of the Commission's work and to ensure a
smooth transition in 1997 to the next medium-term plan.  The revision
must be within resources already approved for the Economic Commission
for Africa by the General Assembly and must pay due regard to the
efficiency measures required to implement the relevant decisions of
the Assembly regarding the budget for the period 1996-1997;

     6.  Appeals to the Secretary-General to request the General
Assembly to consider the revised work programme in conjunction with
its review of the medium-term plan for the period 1998-2001.

                                                          40th plenary meeting
                                                                  18 July 1996


          1996/46.  Regional cooperation in the economic, social and
                    related fields                                  

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Noting with appreciation that the summaries of the economic
surveys of the five regional commissions have been made available to
the Council,

     1.  Recognizes that the regional commissions provide a useful
forum and mechanism for enabling, promoting and strengthening regional
cooperation and development;

     2.  Also recognizes that the regional commissions are the
regional arm of the United Nations in the economic and social fields
and facilitate the United Nations role of promoting development and
international cooperation;

     3.  Notes with appreciation the role played by the regional
commissions in the preparation of regional plans and programmes of
action for United Nations conferences and in their necessary follow-up
activities;

     4.  Recognizes that the regional commissions have important
contributions to make to the deliberations of the Council, and that
the regional perspectives of development should further enrich the
Council's debate on economic and social development;

     5.  Recommends that the Council, at its resumed substantive
session of 1996, consider placing the agenda item on regional
cooperation at the beginning of the general segment of the substantive
session of the Council;

     6.  Decides to incorporate in the existing format for this agenda
item informal briefings and dialogue between the executive secretaries
and the Council along the lines of the informative briefing held on
the margins of the substantive session of 1996;

     7.  Reaffirms the provisions regarding the review by the Council
of the regional commissions contained in General Assembly resolution
50/227 and in Council resolution 1996/41.

                                                          52nd plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                   Decisions

        1996/235.  Venue of the twenty-seventh session of the Economic
                   Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean     

     At its 40th plenary meeting, on 18 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, having taken note of the invitation from the
Government of Aruba, decided that the twenty-seventh session of the
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean would be held
in Oranjestad, Aruba, in 1998.


     1996/236.  Documents considered by the Economic and Social Council in
                connection with the question of regional cooperation in   
                the economic, social and related fields                   

     At its 40th plenary meeting, on 18 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the following documents:

     (a) Report of the Secretary-General on regional cooperation in
the economic, social and related fields;  181/

     (b) Summary of the economic survey of Europe, 1995;  182/

     (c) Summary of the survey of economic and social conditions in
Africa, 1995;  183/

     (d) Summary of the survey of economic and social conditions in
Asia and the Pacific, 1996;  184/

     (e) Summary of the economic survey of Latin America and the
Caribbean, 1995;  185/

     (f) Summary of the economic and social developments in the ESCWA
region, 1995.  186/


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Regional cooperation in the economic and social and related fields

168.     At the 48th meeting, on 24 July, the representative of Costa
Rica, on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are
members of the Group of 77 and China, introduced a draft resolution
(E/1996/L.41), entitled "Regional cooperation in the economic and
social and related fields", which read as follows:

         "The Economic and Social Council,

         "Noting with appreciation that the summaries of the economic
     surveys of the five regional commissions have been made available
     to the Council,

         "1.   Takes note of the following reports:

         "(a)       Report of the Secretary-General on regional
     cooperation in the economic, social and related fields (E/1996/45
     and Add.1);

         "(b)       Summary of the economic survey of Europe, 1995
     (E/1996/46);

         "(c)       Summary of the survey of economic and social
     conditions in Africa, 1995 (E/1996/47);

         "(d)       Summary of the survey of economic and social
     conditions in Asia and the Pacific, 1996 (E/1996/48);

         "(e)       Summary of the economic survey of Latin America and
     the Caribbean, 1995 (E/1996/49);

         "(f)       Summary of economic and social developments in the
     ESCWA region, 1995 (E/1996/50);

         "2.   Recognizes that the regional commissions provide an
     indispensable forum and mechanism for enabling, promoting and
     strengthening regional cooperation and development;

         "3.   Also recognizes that the regional commissions are the
     regional arm of the United Nations in the economic and social
     fields, and are essential for facilitating the United Nations
     central role of promoting development and international
     cooperation;

         "4.   Notes with appreciation the role played by the regional
     commissions in the preparation of regional plans and programmes of
     action for the recent major United Nations conferences and in
     their necessary follow-up activities;

         "5.   Recognizes that the regional commissions have important
     contributions to make to the policy deliberations of the Council
     in its high-level and coordination segments, and that the regional
     perspectives of development should further enrich the Council's
     debate on economic and social development;

         "6.   Decides, accordingly, on the need to allocate the agenda
     item on regional cooperation at the beginning of the general
     segment of the Council, and calls on the executive secretaries to
     participate in the high-level and coordination segments;

         "7.   Further decides to institutionalize the arrangements for
     the informal briefings and dialogue between the executive
     secretaries and the delegations of the Council to be held under
     the chairmanship of the President of the Council."

169.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), reported on the outcome
of informal consultations held on the draft resolution, and orally
revised the text.

170.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft
resolution, as orally revised.  See Council resolution 1996/46
(para. 167 above).


       D.  Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied
           Palestinian and other Arab territories                       

                                 INTRODUCTION

171.     At its substantive session, the Council considered the
question of the permanent sovereignty over national resources in the
occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories (agenda item 8) at its
34th, 35th and 51st meetings, on 15, 16 and 26 July 1996.  An account
of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1996/SR.34, 35 and 51).  The Council had before it the note by the
Secretary-General transmitting the report prepared by the Economic and
Social Commission for Western Asia on economic and social
repercussions of the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in
the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967,
and on the Arab population of the Syrian Golan (A/51/135-E/1996/51).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

172.     Under agenda item 8, the Council adopted one resolution.


                                  Resolution

          1996/40.  Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli
                    settlements on the Palestinian people in the    
                    Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem,     
                    occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population 
                    of the occupied Syrian Golan                    

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 50/129 of 20 December 1995,

     Recalling also its resolution 1995/49 of 28 July 1995,

     Reaffirming the principle of the permanent sovereignty of people
under foreign occupation over their national resources,

     Guided by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
affirming the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force
and recalling Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) of
22 November 1967 and 497 (1981) of 17 December 1981,

     Recalling Security Council resolution 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980
and other resolutions in which the Security Council affirmed the
applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of
Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,  187/ to
the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and other
Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967,

     Recalling also Security Council resolution 904 (1994) of
18 March 1994, in which, inter alia, the Council called upon Israel,
the occupying Power, to continue to take and implement measures,
including, among others, confiscation of arms, with the aim of
preventing illegal acts of violence by Israeli settlers, and called
for measures to be taken to guarantee the safety and protection of the
Palestinian civilians in the occupied territory,

     Aware of the negative and grave economic and social repercussions
of the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the
Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and
on the Arab population of the occupied Syrian Golan,

     Welcoming the ongoing Middle East peace process started at Madrid,
in particular the signing at Washington on 13 September 1993 by the
Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, the
representative of the Palestinian people, of the Declaration of
Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements,  188/ and
the signing at Washington on 28 September 1995 of the Israeli-
Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip,

     1.  Takes note of the report prepared by the Economic and Social
Commission for Western Asia;  189/

     2.  Reaffirms that Israeli settlements in the Palestinian
territory, including Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied
since 1967 are illegal and an obstacle to economic and social
development;

     3.  Recognizes the economic and social repercussions of the
Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian
territory, including Jerusalem, occupied by Israel since 1967, and on
the Arab population of the occupied Syrian Golan;

     4.  Reaffirms the inalienable right of the Palestinian people and
the population of the Syrian Golan to their natural and all other
economic resources, and regards any infringement thereof as being
illegal;

     5.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and Social
Council, a report on the progress made in the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          51st plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli settlements on the
Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem,
occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population of the occupied Syrian
Golan

173.     At the 37th meeting, on 17 July, the representative of Egypt,
on behalf of Algeria,  190/, Egypt, Jordan, Mauritania, 190/
Qatar, 190/ the Sudan, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates 190/ and
Yemen, 190/ introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.23) entitled
"Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli settlements on the
Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem,
occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population of the occupied Syrian
Golan".

174.     At the 51st meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Gerhard Walter Henze (Germany), informed the Council of
the results of the informal consultations held on the draft
resolution.

175.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution
by a recorded vote of 44 to 1, with 5 abstentions.  See Council
resolution 1996/40 (para. 172 above).  The voting was as follows:  191/

     In favour:   Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile,
                  China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland,
                  France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, India,
                  Indonesia, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon,
                  Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nicaragua,
                  Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
                  Senegal, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand, Togo,
                  Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain and
                  Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania,
                  Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

     Against:     United States of America.

     Abstaining:
     Belarus, Central African Republic, Co^te d'Ivoire, Romania,
     Russian Federation.

176.     Before the draft resolution was adopted, statements in
explanation of vote were made by the representatives of the United
States of America and Lebanon.  The observer for Algeria also made a
statement.

177.     After the draft resolution was adopted, the Russian
Federation made a statement in explanation of vote.  Statements were
also made by the observers for Israel, Algeria (on behalf of the Arab
States) and the Syrian Arab Republic.


                          E.  Coordination questions

                                 INTRODUCTION

178.     At its substantive session, the Council considered
coordination questions (agenda item 9) at its 48th meeting, on
24 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is contained in the
relevant summary record (E/1996/SR.48).  The Council had before it a
note by the Secretary-General transmitting the cooperation agreement
between the United Nations and the International Organization for
Migration (E/1996/90).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

179.     Under agenda item 9 as a whole, the Council adopted one
decision.


                                   Decision

      1996/296.  Cooperation agreement between the United Nations and the
                 International Organization for Migration                

     At its 48th plenary meeting, on 24 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the note by the Secretary-General
transmitting the cooperation agreement between the United Nations and
the International Organization for Migration.  192/


                    1.  Reports of the coordination bodies

180.     The Council considered the question of reports of the
coordination bodies (agenda item 9 (a)) at its 48th meeting, on 24
July.  An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant
summary record (E/1996/SR.48).  The Council had before it the
following documents:

     (a) Report of the twenty-ninth series of Joint Meetings of the
Committee for Programme and Coordination and the Administrative
Committee on Coordination (E/1996/4 and Corr.1);

     (b) Report of the Committee for Programme and Coordination on the
first part of its thirty-sixth session (A/51/16, Part I);  193/

     (c) Annual overview report of the Administrative Committee on
Coordination for 1995 (E/1996/18 and Add.1).

181.     At the 48th meeting, on 24 July, the Council decided that the
item would remain open.


           2.  International cooperation in the field of informatics

                                 INTRODUCTION

182.     The Council considered the question of reports of the
coordination bodies (agenda item 9 (b)) at its 36th, 43rd and 50th
meetings, on 16, 22 and 25 July 1996.  An account of the discussion is
contained in the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.36, 43 and 50). 
The Council had before it the report of the Secretary-General on
international cooperation in the field of informatics (E/1996/81).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

183.     Under agenda item 9 (b), the Council adopted one resolution.


                                  Resolution

          1996/35.  The need to harmonize and improve United Nations
                    informatics systems for optimal utilization and 
                    accessibility by all States                     

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Conscious of the deep interest of Member States in harnessing the
benefits of new information technologies for furthering the objectives
of the United Nations, including the objectives of economic and social
development,

     Recalling its resolutions 1991/70 of 26 July 1991, 1992/60 of 31
July 1992, 1993/56 of 29 July 1993, 1994/46 of 29 July 1994 and
1995/61 of 28 July 1995 on the need to harmonize and improve United
Nations information systems for optimal utilization and accessibility
by all States, with due regard to all official languages,

     Recalling also that in its resolution 1995/61 it requested the
President of the Economic and Social Council to convene, initially for
one year, an ad hoc open-ended working group, from within existing
resources, to make appropriate recommendations for the due fulfilment
of the provisions of previous resolutions on this item,

     Welcoming the oral report presented by the Chairman of the Ad Hoc
Open-ended Working Group on Informatics on the progress achieved so
far by the Working Group in fulfilling its mandate,

     Appreciating that the work of the Working Group has not involved
any additional expenditures and that its needs have been met from
within existing resources,

     Appreciating also the actions taken by the Working Group
significantly to expand and improve the connectivity between United
Nations databases and those of Member States, including their
permanent missions, and the training programme initiated to that end,

     Taking note with interest of the proposed initiatives, including
the setting up of videoconferencing rooms that the permanent missions
could use, and the updating of the connection between the United
Nations Internet facility and its optical disk system,

     Taking note of the request made by the Commission on Sustainable
Development in its decision 4/5  194/ that the Working Group
give particular attention to devising a means of facilitating the
access of Member States to environmental databases throughout the
United Nations system,

     Agreeing with the assessment contained in the report of the
Working Group that further work needs to be done by the Working Group
to fulfil its mandate,

     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on follow-up
action taken,  195/

     1.  Reiterates, once again, the high priority it attaches to
easy, economical, uncomplicated and unhindered access for States
Members of the United Nations and for observers, through, inter alia,
their permanent missions, to the growing number of computerized
databases and information systems and services of the United Nations;

     2.  Calls for the urgent and continued implementation of measures
required to achieve these objectives;

     3.  Stresses the continuing need for representatives of States to
be closely consulted and actively associated with the respective
executive and governing bodies of United Nations institutions dealing
with informatics within the United Nations system, so that the
specific needs of States as internal end-users can be given due
priority;

     4.  Decides that the action programme to harmonize and improve
United Nations informatics systems for optimal utilization and
accessibility by all States should continue to be implemented from
within existing resources and in full consultation with the
representatives of States;

     5.  Commends the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Informatics
for the concrete actions it has taken in pursuance of its mandate;

     6.  Requests the President of the Economic and Social Council to
convene the Working Group for one more year, from within existing
resources, for the due fulfilment of the provisions of the Council
resolutions on this item;

     7.  Requests the Secretary-General to extend full cooperation to
the Working Group and to give priority to implementing its
recommendations;

     8.  Also requests the Secretary-General to report on the follow-
up action taken on the present resolution, including the findings of
the Working Group, to the Economic and Social Council at its
substantive session of 1997.

                                                          50th plenary meeting
                                                                  25 July 1996


                                  PROCEEDINGS

The need to harmonize and improve United Nations informatics systems
for optimal utilization and accessibility by all States

184.     At the 43rd meeting, on 22 July, the representative of the
Czech Republic, on behalf of Albania,  196/ Algeria, 196/
Antigua and Barbuda, 196/ Argentina, Armenia, 196/ Bangladesh,
Benin, 196/ Bhutan, 196/ Bolivia, 196/ Bosnia and Herzegovina, 196/
Botswana, 196/ Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, 196/ Bulgaria,
Burkina Faso, 196/ Cambodia, 196/ Cape Verde, 196/ Chile, China,
Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Co^te d'Ivoire, Croatia, 196/ Cuba, 196/
Cyprus, 196/ the Czech Republic, the Democratic People's Republic of
Korea, 196/ Djibouti, 196/ the Dominican Republic, 196/ Ecuador, 196/
Egypt, El Salvador, 196/ Eritrea, 196/ Ethiopia, 196/ Fiji, 196/
Gabon, the Gambia, 196/ Ghana, Guatemala, 196/ Guinea, 196/ Guinea-
Bissau, 196/ Guyana, Haiti, 196/ Honduras, 196/ Hungary, 196/
Indonesia, the Islamic Republic of Iran, 196/ Iraq, 196/ Jamaica,
Jordan, Kenya, 196/ Kyrgyzstan, 196/ Latvia, 196/ Lebanon,
Lesotho, 196/ Liechtenstein, 196/ Lithuania, 196/ Madagascar, 196/
Malawi, 196/ Malaysia, Mali, 196/ Malta, 196/ Mexico, 196/ Mongolia,
196/ Morocco, 196/ Mozambique, 196/ Myanmar, 196/ Namibia, 196/ Nepal,
196/ New Zealand, 196/ Nicaragua, the Niger, 196/ Nigeria, 196/
Pakistan, Panama, 196/ Papua New Guinea, 196/ Paraguay, Peru, 196/ the
Philippines, Poland, the Republic of Korea, 196/ the Republic of
Moldova, 196/ Romania, Rwanda, 196/ Saudi Arabia, 196/ Senegal, Sierra
Leone, 196/ Singapore, 196/ Slovakia, 196/ Slovenia, 196/ South
Africa, Sri Lanka, 196/ the Sudan, Suriname, 196/ the Syrian Arab
Republic, 196/ Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, 196/ Uganda, Ukraine,
196/ the United Arab Emirates, 196/ the United Republic of Tanzania,
the United States of America, Uruguay, 196/ Uzbekistan, 196/
Venezuela, Viet Nam, 196/ Yemen, 196/ Zaire, 196/ Zambia 196/ and
Zimbabwe, introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.27) entitled "The
need to harmonize and improve United Nations informatics systems for
optimal utilization and accessibility by all States".  Subsequently,
Belarus and Oman 196/ joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.

185.     At the 50th meeting, on 25 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), informed the Council of
the oral revisions to the text agreed upon as a result of informal
consultations held thereon.

186.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted draft resolution
E/1996/L.27, as orally revised.  See Council resolution 1996/35 (para.
183 above).

187.     After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of
Pakistan made a statement.


         3.  Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human 
             Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

                                 INTRODUCTION

188.     The Council considered the question of the Joint and Co-
sponsored United Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency
Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (agenda item 9 (c)) at its
37th, 45th and 52nd meetings, on 17, 23 and 26 July 1996.  An account
of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1996/SR.37, 45 and 52).  The Council had before it a note by the
Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Executive Director of
the Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (E/1996/42).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

189.     Under agenda item 9 (c), the Council adopted one resolution.


                                  Resolution

         1996/47.  Report of the Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations
                   Programme on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired 
                   Immunodeficiency Syndrome                          
                                                
     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling its resolution 1994/24 of 26 July 1994, by which it
endorsed the establishment of the Joint and Co-sponsored United
Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired
Immunodeficiency Syndrome,

     Taking note of the report of the Executive Director of the
Programme,  197/

     Noting with satisfaction the progress achieved since 1 January
1996 in the implementation of the activities of the Programme,

     Noting with concern that human immunodeficiency virus/acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) has devastating social, economic
and other related impacts on the population of the affected countries,

     Noting also with concern the need for adequate resources to be
made available by the six co-sponsoring organizations and the
international community in the fight against HIV/AIDS,

     Noting the need for more focused and in-depth consideration by the
Council of the issue of HIV/AIDS and its impact,

     1.  Invites the Secretary-General to play an active advocacy role
in regard to the serious threat posed by the spread of human
immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
in order to raise global awareness and thus help to prevent the
further spread of HIV/AIDS;

     2.  Urges the United Nations Secretariat to be fully and
effectively involved in the fight against HIV/AIDS;

     3.  Decides to review the operations and activities of the Joint
and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency
Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome by including in its agenda in
alternate years, beginning in 1997, the item entitled "Report on the
work of the Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on the
Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome";

     4.  Requests the Secretary-General to transmit to the Council, at
its substantive session of 1997, a concise initial report of the
Executive Director of the Programme, prepared in collaboration with
all relevant specialized agencies, the United Nations Secretariat and
other organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, and to
submit thereafter to the Council, on a biennial basis, a comprehensive
report on the progress made in the fight against HIV/AIDS and its
impact on the countries affected, including the implementation of the
present resolution;

     5.  Recommends that HIV/AIDS and its social, economic and related
impacts on the overall development process be considered a possible
future theme for the high-level segment of the Council;

     6.  Appeals to the six co-sponsoring organizations, the
international community and the countries affected to increase
substantially their contribution to the Programme and to the resources
needed for the fight against HIV/AIDS.

                                                          52nd plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                  PROCEEDINGS

Report of the Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

190.     At the 45th meeting, on 23 July, the representative of
Uganda, on behalf of Algeria,  198/ Argentina, Australia,
Austria, 198/ Belgium, 198/ Botswana, 198/ Canada, Cape Verde, 198/
Chile, Colombia, Co^te d'Ivoire, Cuba, 198/ Denmark, 198/ Egypt,
Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, Ireland, Italy, 198/
Kenya, 198/ Luxembourg, Malawi, 198/ Mozambique, 198/ the Netherlands,
Nigeria, 198/ Portugal, South Africa, Spain, 198/ Sweden, Switzerland,
198/ Thailand, Uganda, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia, 198/
introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.34) entitled "Report of the
Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on the Human
Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome", which read
as follows:

         "The Economic and Social Council,

         "Recalling its resolution 1994/24, by which it endorsed the
     establishment of the Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations
     Programme on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired
     Immunodeficiency Syndrome,

         "Taking note of the report of the Executive Director of the
     Programme,  199/

         "Noting with satisfaction the progress achieved since 1
     January 1996 in the implementation of the activities of the
     Programme,

         "Noting with concern that human immunodeficiency
     virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) has
     devastating social, economic and other related impacts on the
     population of the affected countries,

         "Noting with concern the need for adequate resources to be
     made available by the co-sponsors and the international community
     in the fight against HIV/AIDS,

         "Noting further the need for more focused and in-depth
     consideration by the Council of the issue of HIV/AIDS and its
     impact,

         "1.   Invites the Secretary-General to play an active advocacy
     role in regard to the serious threat posed by the spread of the
     human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
     (HIV/AIDS) in order to raise global awareness and thus help to
     prevent the further spread of HIV/AIDS;

         "2.   Urges that the United Nations Secretariat provide full
     and effective support in the fight against HIV/AIDS by,
     inter alia, participating in the work of the Committee of Co-
     sponsoring Organizations and the Programme Coordinating Board of
     the Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on the Human
     Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome as an
     observer;

         "3.   Requests the Council to include on its agenda in
     alternate years, beginning in 1997, the item "Report on the work
     of the Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on the
     Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome";

         "4.   Requests the Secretary-General, in collaboration with all
     relevant specialized agencies, the United Nations Secretariat and
     other organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, to
     submit a comprehensive report to the Council at its substantive
     session of 1997, and thereafter on a biennial basis, on the
     progress made in the fight against HIV/AIDS; its impact on the
     countries affected; and the implementation of the present
     resolution;

         "5.   Recommends that HIV/AIDS and its social, economic and
     related impacts on the overall development process be considered
     as a possible theme for the high-level segment of the Council at
     its substantive session of 1997;

         "6.   Appeals to the co-sponsors, the international community
     and the countries affected to increase substantially their
     contribution to the Programme and to the resources needed for the
     fight against HIV/AIDS."

191.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), introduced a draft
resolution (E/1996/L.46) entitled "Report of the Joint and Co-
sponsored United Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency
Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome", which he submitted on the
basis of informal consultations held on draft resolution E/1996/L.34.

192.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted draft resolution
E/1996/L.46.  See Council resolution 1996/47 (para. 189 above).

193.     In the light of the adoption of draft resolution E/1996/L.46,
draft resolution E/1996/L.34 was withdrawn by its sponsors.


                      F.  Non-governmental organizations

                                 INTRODUCTION

194.     At its substantive session, the Council considered the
question of non-governmental organizations (agenda item 10) at its
48th, 49th and 52nd meetings,  on 24, 25 and 26 July 1996.  An account
of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1996/SR.48, 49 and 52).  The Council had before it the following
documents:

     (a) Report of the Open-ended Working Group on the Review of
Arrangements for Consultation with Non-Governmental Organizations
(E/1996/58);

     (b) Letter dated 21 June 1996 from the Chairman of the Committee
on Non-Governmental Organizations addressed to the President of the
Economic and Social Council (E/1996/92).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

195.     Under agenda item 10, the Council adopted one resolution and
one decision.


                                  Resolution

          1996/31.  Consultative relationship between the United Nations
                    and non-governmental organizations

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling Article 71 of the Charter of the United Nations,

     Recalling also its resolution 1993/80 of 30 July 1993, in which it
requested a general review of arrangements for consultation with
non-governmental organizations, with a view to updating, if necessary,
Council resolution 1296 (XLIV) of 23 May 1968, as well as introducing
coherence in the rules governing the participation of non-governmental
organizations in international conferences convened by the United
Nations, and also an examination of ways and means of improving
practical arrangements for the work of the Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations and the Non-Governmental Organizations
Section of the Secretariat,

     Recalling further its decision 1995/304 of 26 July 1995,

     Confirming the need to take into account the full diversity of the
non-governmental organizations at the national, regional and
international levels,

     Acknowledging the breadth of non-governmental organizations'
expertise and the capacity of non-governmental organizations to
support the work of the United Nations,

     Taking into account the changes in the non-governmental sector,
including the emergence of a large number of national and regional
organizations,

     Calling upon the governing bodies of the relevant organizations,
bodies and specialized agencies of the United Nations system to
examine the principles and practices relating to their consultations
with non-governmental organizations and to take action, as
appropriate, to promote coherence in the light of the provisions of
the present resolution,

     Approves the following update of the arrangements set out in its
resolution 1296 (XLIV) of 23 May 1968:


       ARRANGEMENTS FOR CONSULTATION WITH NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

                                    Part I

               PRINCIPLES TO BE APPLIED IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF
                            CONSULTATIVE RELATIONS

             The following principles shall be applied in establishing
             consultative relations with non-governmental
organizations:

1.   The organization shall be concerned with matters falling within
the competence of the Economic and Social Council and its subsidiary
bodies.

2.   The aims and purposes of the organization shall be in conformity
with the spirit, purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
Nations.

3.   The organization shall undertake to support the work of the United
Nations and to promote knowledge of its principles and activities, in
accordance with its own aims and purposes and the nature and scope of
its competence and activities.

4.   Except where expressly stated otherwise, the term "organization"
shall refer to non-governmental organizations at the national,
subregional, regional or international levels.

5.   Consultative relationships may be established with international,
regional, subregional and national organizations, in conformity with
the Charter of the United Nations and the principles and criteria
established under the present resolution.  The Committee, in
considering applications for consultative status, should ensure, to
the extent possible, participation of non-governmental organizations
from all regions, and particularly from developing countries, in order
to help achieve a just, balanced, effective and genuine involvement of
non-governmental organizations from all regions and areas of the
world.  The Committee shall also pay particular attention to
non-governmental organizations that have special expertise or
experience upon which the Council may wish to draw.

6.   Greater participation of non-governmental organizations from
developing countries in international conferences convened by the
United Nations should be encouraged.

7.   Greater involvement of non-governmental organizations from
countries with economies in transition should be encouraged.

8.   Regional, subregional and national organizations, including those
affiliated to an international organization already in status, may be
admitted provided that they can demonstrate that their programme of
work is of direct relevance to the aims and purposes of the United
Nations and, in the case of national organizations, after consultation
with the Member State concerned.  The views expressed by the Member
State, if any, shall be communicated to the non-governmental
organization concerned, which shall have the opportunity to respond to
those views through the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations.

9.   The organization shall be of recognized standing within the
particular field of its competence or of a representative character. 
Where there exist a number of organizations with similar objectives,
interests and basic views in a given field, they may, for the purposes
of consultation with the Council, form a joint committee or other body
authorized to carry on such consultation for the group as a whole.

10.  The organization shall have an established headquarters, with an
executive officer.  It shall have a democratically adopted
constitution, a copy of which shall be deposited with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations, and which shall provide for
the determination of policy by a conference, congress or other
representative body, and for an executive organ responsible to the
policy-making body.

11.  The organization shall have authority to speak for its members
through its authorized representatives.  Evidence of this authority
shall be presented, if requested.

12.  The organization shall have a representative structure and possess
appropriate mechanisms of accountability to its members, who shall
exercise effective control over its policies and actions through the
exercise of voting rights or other appropriate democratic and
transparent decision-making processes.  Any such organization that is
not established by a governmental entity or intergovernmental
agreement shall be considered a non-governmental organization for the
purpose of these arrangements, including organizations that accept
members designated by governmental authorities, provided that such
membership does not interfere with the free expression of views of the
organization.

13.  The basic resources of the organization shall be derived in the
main part from contributions of the national affiliates or other
components or from individual members.  Where voluntary contributions
have been received, their amounts and donors shall be faithfully
revealed to the Council Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations. 
Where, however, the above criterion is not fulfilled and an
organization is financed from other sources, it must explain to the
satisfaction of the Committee its reasons for not meeting the
requirements laid down in this paragraph.  Any financial contribution
or other support, direct or indirect, from a Government to the
organization shall be openly declared to the Committee through the
Secretary-General and fully recorded in the financial and other
records of the organization and shall be devoted to purposes in
accordance with the aims of the United Nations.

14.  In considering the establishment of consultative relations with a
non-governmental organization, the Council will take into account
whether the field of activity of the organization is wholly or mainly
within the field of a specialized agency, and whether or not it could
be admitted when it has, or may have, a consultative arrangement with
a specialized agency.

15.  The granting, suspension and withdrawal of consultative status, as
well as the interpretation of norms and decisions relating to this
matter, are the prerogative of Member States exercised through the
Economic and Social Council and its Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations.  A non-governmental organization applying for general
or special consultative status or a listing on the Roster shall have
the opportunity to respond to any objections being raised in the
Committee before the Committee takes its decision.

16.  The provisions of the present resolution shall apply to the United
Nations regional commissions and their subsidiary bodies mutatis
mutandis.

17.  In recognizing the evolving relationship between the United
Nations and non-governmental organizations, the Economic and Social
Council, in consultation with the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations, will consider reviewing the consultative arrangements
as and when necessary to facilitate, in the most effective manner
possible, the contributions of non-governmental organizations to the
work of the United Nations.


                                    Part II

              PRINCIPLES GOVERNING THE NATURE OF THE CONSULTATIVE
                                 ARRANGEMENTS

18.  A clear distinction is drawn in the Charter of the United Nations
between participation without vote in the deliberations of the Council
and the arrangements for consultation.  Under Articles 69 and 70,
participation is provided for only in the case of States not members
of the Council, and of specialized agencies.  Article 71, applying to
non-governmental organizations, provides for suitable arrangements for
consultation.  This distinction, deliberately made in the Charter, is
fundamental and the arrangements for consultation should not be such
as to accord to non-governmental organizations the same rights of
participation as are accorded to States not members of the Council and
to the specialized agencies brought into relationship with the United
Nations.

19.  The arrangements should not be such as to overburden the Council
or transform it from a body for coordination of policy and action, as
contemplated in the Charter, into a general forum for discussion.

20.  Decisions on arrangements for consultation should be guided by the
principle that consultative arrangements are to be made, on the one
hand, for the purpose of enabling the Council or one of its bodies to
secure expert information or advice from organizations having special
competence in the subjects for which consultative arrangements are
made, and, on the other hand, to enable international, regional,
subregional and national organizations that represent important
elements of public opinion to express their views.  Therefore, the
arrangements for consultation made with each organization should
relate to the subjects for which that organization has a special
competence or in which it has a special interest.  The organizations
given consultative status should be limited to those whose activities
in fields set out in paragraph 1 above qualify them to make a
significant contribution to the work of the Council and should, in
sum, as far as possible reflect in a balanced way the major viewpoints
or interests in these fields in all areas and regions of the world.  


                                   Part III

                  ESTABLISHMENT OF CONSULTATIVE RELATIONSHIPS

21.  In establishing consultative relationships with each organization,
regard shall be had to the nature and scope of its activities and to
the assistance it may be expected to give to the Council or its
subsidiary bodies in carrying out the functions set out in Chapters IX
and X of the Charter of the United Nations.

22.  Organizations that are concerned with most of the activities of
the Council and its subsidiary bodies and can demonstrate to the
satisfaction of the Council that they have substantive and sustained
contributions to make to the achievement of the objectives of the
United Nations in fields set out in paragraph 1 above, and are closely
involved with the economic and social life of the peoples of the areas
they represent and whose membership, which should be considerable, is
broadly representative of major segments of society in a large number
of countries in different regions of the world shall be known as
organizations in general consultative status.

23.  Organizations that have a special competence in, and are concerned
specifically with, only a few of the fields of activity covered by the
Council and its subsidiary bodies, and that are known within the
fields for which they have or seek consultative status shall be known
as organizations in special consultative status.

24.  Other organizations that do not have general or special
consultative status but that the Council, or the Secretary-General of
the United Nations in consultation with the Council or its Committee
on Non-Governmental Organizations, considers can make occasional and
useful contributions to the work of the Council or its subsidiary
bodies or other United Nations bodies within their competence shall be
included in a list (to be known as the Roster).  This list may also
include organizations in consultative status or a similar relationship
with a specialized agency or a United Nations body.  These
organizations shall be available for consultation at the request of
the Council or its subsidiary bodies.  The fact that an organization
is on the Roster shall not in itself be regarded as a qualification
for general or special consultative status should an organization seek
such status.

25.  Organizations to be accorded special consultative status because
of their interest in the field of human rights should pursue the goals
of promotion and protection of human rights in accordance with the
spirit of the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights and the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action.

26.  Major organizations one of whose primary purposes is to promote
the aims, objectives and purposes of the United Nations and a
furtherance of the understanding of its work may be accorded
consultative status.


                                    Part IV

                         CONSULTATION WITH THE COUNCIL

                              Provisional agenda

27.  The provisional agenda of the Council shall be communicated to
organizations in general consultative status and special consultative
status and to those on the Roster.

28.  Organizations in general consultative status may propose to the
Council Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations that the Committee
request the Secretary-General to place items of special interest to
the organizations in the provisional agenda of the Council.


                            Attendance at meetings

29.  Organizations in general consultative status and special
consultative status may designate authorized representatives to sit as
observers at public meetings of the Council and its subsidiary bodies. 
Those on the Roster may have representatives present at such meetings
concerned with matters within their field of competence.  These
attendance arrangements may be supplemented to include other
modalities of participation.


                              Written statements

30.  Written statements relevant to the work of the Council may be
submitted by organizations in general consultative status and special
consultative status on subjects in which these organizations have a
special competence.  Such statements shall be circulated by the
Secretary-General of the United Nations to the members of the Council,
except those statements that have become obsolete, for example, those
dealing with matters already disposed of and those that had already
been circulated in some other form.

31.  The following conditions shall be observed regarding the
submission and circulation of such statements:

     (a) The written statement shall be submitted in one of the
official languages;

     (b) It shall be submitted in sufficient time for appropriate
consultation to take place between the Secretary-General and the
organization before circulation;

     (c) The organization shall give due consideration to any comments
that the Secretary-General may make in the course of such consultation
before transmitting the statement in final form;

     (d) A written statement submitted by an organization in general
consultative status will be circulated in full if it does not exceed
2,000 words.  Where a statement is in excess of 2,000 words, the
organizations shall submit a summary which will be circulated or shall
supply sufficient copies of the full text in the working languages for
distribution.  A statement will also be circulated in full, however,
upon a specific request of the Council or its Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations;

     (e) A written statement submitted by an organization in special
consultative status or on the Roster will be circulated in full if it
does not exceed 500 words.  Where a statement is in excess of 500
words, the organization shall submit a summary which will be
circulated; such statements will be circulated in full, however, upon
a specific request of the Council or its Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations;

     (f) The Secretary-General, in consultation with the President of
the Council, or the Council or its Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations, may invite organizations on the Roster to submit
written statements.  The provisions of subparagraphs (a), (b), (c)
and (e) above shall apply to such statements;

     (g) A written statement or summary, as the case may be, will be
circulated by the Secretary-General in the working languages, and,
upon the request of a member of the Council, in any of the official
languages.


                      Oral presentations during meetings

32.  (a) The Council Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations shall
make recommendations to the Council as to which organizations in
general consultative status should make an oral presentation to the
Council and on which items they should be heard.  Such organizations
shall be entitled to make one statement to the Council, subject to the
approval of the Council.  In the absence of a subsidiary body of the
Council with jurisdiction in a major field of interest to the Council
and to organizations in special consultative status, the Committee may
recommend that organizations in special consultative status be heard
by the Council on the subject in its field of interest;

     (b) Whenever the Council discusses the substance of an item
proposed by a non-governmental organization in general consultative
status and included in the agenda of the Council, such an organization
shall be entitled to present orally to the Council, as appropriate, an
introductory statement of an expository nature.  Such an organization
may be invited by the President of the Council, with the consent of
the relevant body, to make, in the course of the discussion of the
item before the Council, an additional statement for purposes of
clarification.


                                    Part V

           CONSULTATION WITH COMMISSIONS AND OTHER SUBSIDIARY ORGANS
                                OF THE COUNCIL

                              Provisional agenda

33.  The provisional agenda of sessions of commissions and other
subsidiary organs of the Council shall be communicated to
organizations in general consultative status and special consultative
status and those on the Roster.

34.  Organizations in general consultative status may propose items for
the provisional agenda of commissions, subject to the following
conditions:

     (a) An organization that intends to propose such an item shall
inform the Secretary-General of the United Nations at least 63 days
before the commencement of the session and before formally proposing
an item shall give due consideration to any comments the Secretary-
General may make;

     (b) The proposal shall be formally submitted with the relevant
basic documentation not later than 49 days before the commencement of
the session.  The item shall be included in the agenda of the
commission if it is adopted by a two-thirds majority of those present
and voting.


                            Attendance at meetings

35.  Organizations in general consultative status and special
consultative status may designate authorized representatives to sit as
observers at public meetings of the commissions and other subsidiary
organs of the Council.  Organizations on the Roster may have
representatives present at such meetings that are concerned with
matters within their field of competence.  These attendance
arrangements may be supplemented to include other modalities of
participation.


                              Written statements

36.  Written statements relevant to the work of the commissions or
other subsidiary organs may be submitted by organizations in general
consultative status and special consultative status on subjects for
which these organizations have a special competence.  Such statements
shall be circulated by the Secretary-General to members of the
commission or other subsidiary organs, except those statements that
have become obsolete, for example, those dealing with matters already
disposed of and those that have already been circulated in some other
form to members of the commission or other subsidiary organs.

37.  The following conditions shall be observed regarding the
submission and circulation of such written statements:

     (a) The written statement shall be submitted in one of the
official languages;

     (b) It shall be submitted in sufficient time for appropriate
consultation to take place between the Secretary-General and the
organization before circulation;

     (c) The organization shall give due consideration to any comments
that the Secretary-General may make in the course of such consultation
before transmitting the statement in final form;

     (d) A written statement submitted by an organization in general
consultative status will be circulated in full if it does not exceed
2,000 words.  Where a statement is in excess of 2,000 words, the
organization shall submit a summary, which will be circulated, or
shall supply sufficient copies of the full text in the working
languages for distribution.  A statement will also be circulated in
full, however, upon the specific request of the commission or other
subsidiary organs;

     (e) A written statement submitted by an organization in special
consultative status will be circulated in full if it does not exceed
1,500 words.  Where a statement is in excess of 1,500 words, the
organization shall submit a summary, which will be circulated, or
shall supply sufficient copies of the full text in the working
languages for distribution.  A statement will also be circulated in
full, however, upon the specific request of the commission or other
subsidiary organs;

     (f) The Secretary-General, in consultation with the chairman of
the relevant commission or other subsidiary organ, or the commission
or other subsidiary organ itself, may invite organizations on the
Roster to submit written statements.  The provisions in subparagraphs
(a), (b), (c) and (e) above shall apply to such statements;

     (g) A written statement or summary, as the case may be, will be
circulated by the Secretary-General in the working languages and, upon
the request of a member of the commission or other subsidiary organ,
in any of the official languages.


                      Oral presentations during meetings

38.  (a) The commission or other subsidiary organs may consult with
organizations in general consultative status and special consultative
status either directly or through a committee or committees
established for the purpose.  In all cases, such consultations may be
arranged upon the request of the organization;

     (b) On the recommendation of the Secretary-General and at the
request of the commission or other subsidiary organs, organizations on
the Roster may also be heard by the commission or other subsidiary
organs.


                                Special studies

39.  Subject to the relevant rules of procedure on financial
implications, a commission or other subsidiary organ may recommend
that an organization that has special competence in a particular field
should undertake specific studies or investigations or prepare
specific papers for the commission.  The limitations of paragraphs
37 (d) and (e) above shall not apply in this case.


                                    Part VI

              CONSULTATIONS WITH AD HOC COMMITTEES OF THE COUNCIL

40.  The arrangements for consultation between ad hoc committees of the
Council authorized to meet between sessions of the Council and
organizations in general consultative status and special consultative
status and on the Roster shall follow those approved for commissions
of the Council, unless the Council or the committee decides otherwise.


                                   Part VII

                PARTICIPATION OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN
                INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES CONVENED BY THE UNITED 
                     NATIONS AND THEIR PREPARATORY PROCESS

41.  Where non-governmental organizations have been invited to
participate in an international conference convened by the United
Nations, their accreditation is the prerogative of Member States,
exercised through the respective preparatory committee.  Such
accreditation should be preceded by an appropriate process to
determine their eligibility.

42.  Non-governmental organizations in general consultative status,
special consultative status and on the Roster, that express their wish
to attend the relevant international conferences convened by the
United Nations and the meetings of the preparatory bodies of the said
conferences shall as a rule be accredited for participation.  Other
non-governmental organizations wishing to be accredited may apply to
the secretariat of the conference for this purpose in accordance with
the following requirements.

43.  The secretariat of the conference shall be responsible for the
receipt and preliminary evaluation of requests from non-governmental
organizations for accreditation to the conference and its preparatory
process.  In the discharge of its functions, the secretariat of the
conference shall work in close cooperation and coordination with the
Non-Governmental Organizations Section of the Secretariat, and shall
be guided by the relevant provisions of Council resolution 1296 (XLIV)
as updated.

44.  All such applications must be accompanied by information on the
competence of the organization and the relevance of its activities to
the work of the conference and its preparatory committee, with an
indication of the particular areas of the conference agenda and
preparations to which such competence and relevance pertain, and
should include, inter alia, the following information:

     (a) The purpose of the organization;

     (b) Information as to the programmes and activities of the
organization in areas relevant to the conference and its preparatory
process and the country or countries in which they are carried out. 
Non-governmental organizations seeking accreditation shall be asked to
confirm their interest in the goals and objectives of the conference;

     (c) Confirmation of the activities of the organization at the
national, regional or international level;

     (d) Copies of the annual or other reports of the organization
with financial statements, and a list of financial sources and
contributions, including governmental contributions;

     (e) A list of members of the governing body of the organization
and their countries of nationality;

     (f) A description of the membership of the organization,
indicating the total number of members, the names of organizations
that are members and their geographical distribution;

     (g) A copy of the constitution and/or by-laws of the
organization.

45.  In the evaluation of the relevance of applications of
non-governmental organizations for accreditation to the conference and
its preparatory process, it is agreed that a determination shall be
made based on their background and involvement in the subject areas of
the conference.

46.  The secretariat shall publish and disseminate to Member States on
a periodic basis the updated list of applications received.  Member
States may submit comments on any of the applications on the list 14
days from receipt of the above-mentioned list by Member States.  The
comments of Member States shall be communicated to the
non-governmental organization concerned, which shall have the
opportunity to respond.

47.  In cases where the secretariat believes, on the basis of the
information provided in accordance with the present resolution, that
the organization has established its competence and the relevance of
its activities to the work of the preparatory committee, it shall
recommend to the preparatory committee that the organization be
accredited.  In cases where the secretariat does not recommend the
granting of accreditation, it shall make available to the preparatory
committee its reasons for not doing so.  The secretariat should ensure
that its recommendations are available to members of the preparatory
committee at least one week prior to the start of each session.  The
secretariat must notify such applicants of the reasons for
non-recommendation and provide an opportunity to respond to objections
and furnish additional information as may be required.

48.  The preparatory committee shall decide on all recommendations for
accreditation within 24 hours after the recommendations of the
secretariat have been taken up by the preparatory committee in plenary
meeting.  In the event of a decision not being taken within this
period, interim accreditation shall be accorded until such time as a
decision is taken.

49.  A non-governmental organization that has been granted
accreditation to attend a session of the preparatory committee,
including related preparatory meetings of regional commissions, may
attend all its future sessions, as well as the conference itself.

50.  In recognition of the intergovernmental nature of the conference
and its preparatory process, active participation of non-governmental
organizations therein, while welcome, does not entail a negotiating
role.

51.  The non-governmental organizations accredited to the international
conference may be given, in accordance with established United Nations
practice and at the discretion of the chairperson and the consent of
the body concerned, an opportunity to briefly address the preparatory
committee and the conference in plenary meetings and their subsidiary
bodies.  

52.  Non-governmental organizations accredited to the conference may
make written presentations during the preparatory process in the
official languages of the United Nations as they deem appropriate. 
Those written presentations shall not be issued as official documents
except in accordance with United Nations rules of procedure.

53.  Non-governmental organizations without consultative status that
participate in international conferences and wish to obtain
consultative status later on should apply through the normal
procedures established under Council resolution 1296 (XLIV) as
updated.  Recognizing the importance of the participation of
non-governmental organizations that attend a conference in the
follow-up process, the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations, in
considering their application, shall draw upon the documents already
submitted by that organization for accreditation to the conference and
any additional information submitted by the non-governmental
organization supporting its interest, relevance and capacity to
contribute to the implementation phase.  The Committee shall review
such applications as expeditiously as possible so as to allow
participation of the respective organization in the implementation
phase of the conference.  In the interim, the Economic and Social
Council shall decide on the participation of non-governmental
organizations accredited to an international conference in the work of
the relevant functional commission on the follow-up to and
implementation of that conference.

54.  The suspension and withdrawal of the accreditation of
non-governmental organizations to United Nations international
conferences at all stages shall be guided by the relevant provisions
of the present resolution.


                                   Part VIII

               SUSPENSION AND WITHDRAWAL OF CONSULTATIVE STATUS

55.  Organizations granted consultative status by the Council and those
on the Roster shall conform at all times to the principles governing
the establishment and nature of their consultative relations with the
Council.  In periodically reviewing the activities of non-governmental
organizations on the basis of the reports submitted under paragraph
61 (c) below and other relevant information, the Council Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations shall determine the extent to which the
organizations have complied with the principles governing consultative
status and have contributed to the work of the Council, and may
recommend to the Council suspension of or exclusion from consultative
status of organizations that have not met the requirements for
consultative status as set forth in the present resolution.

56.  In cases where the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations has
decided to recommend that the general or special consultative status
of a non-governmental organization or its listing on the Roster be
suspended or withdrawn, the non-governmental organization concerned
shall be given written reasons for that decision and shall have an
opportunity to present its response for appropriate consideration by
the Committee as expeditiously as possible.

57.  The consultative status of non-governmental organizations with the
Economic and Social Council and the listing of those on the Roster
shall be suspended up to three years or withdrawn in the following
cases:

     (a) If an organization, either directly or through its affiliates
or representatives acting on its behalf, clearly abuses its status by
engaging in a pattern of acts contrary to the purposes and principles
of the Charter of the United Nations including unsubstantiated or
politically motivated acts against Member States of the United Nations
incompatible with those purposes and principles;

     (b) If there exists substantiated evidence of influence from
proceeds resulting from internationally recognized criminal activities
such as the illicit drugs trade, money-laundering or the illegal arms
trade;

     (c) If, within the preceding three years, an organization did not
make any positive or effective contribution to the work of the United
Nations and, in particular, of the Council or its commissions or other
subsidiary organs.

58.  The consultative status of organizations in general consultative
status and special consultative status and the listing of those on the
Roster shall be suspended or withdrawn by the decision of the Economic
and Social Council on the recommendation of its Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations.

59.  An organization whose consultative status or whose listing on the
Roster is withdrawn may be entitled to reapply for consultative status
or for inclusion on the Roster not sooner than three years after the
effective date of such withdrawal.


                                    Part IX

              COUNCIL COMMITTEE ON NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

60.  The members of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations
shall be elected by the Council on the basis of equitable geographical
representation, in accordance with the relevant Council resolutions
and decision  200/ and rules of procedure of the
Council.  201/  The Committee shall elect its Chairman and
other officers as necessary.

61.  The functions of the Committee shall include the following:

     (a) The Committee shall be responsible for regular monitoring of
the evolving relationship between non-governmental organizations and
the United Nations.  With a view to fulfilling this responsibility,
the Committee shall hold, before each of its sessions, and at other
times as necessary, consultations with organizations in consultative
status to discuss questions of interest to the Committee or to the
organizations relating to the relationship between the
non-governmental organizations and the United Nations.  A report on
such consultations shall be transmitted to the Council for appropriate
action;

     (b) The Committee shall hold its regular session before the
substantive session of the Council each year and preferably before the
sessions of functional commissions of the Council to consider
applications for general consultative status and special consultative
status and for listing on the Roster made by non-governmental
organizations and requests for changes in status, and to make
recommendations thereon to the Council.  Upon approval by the Council,
the Committee may hold other meetings as required to fulfil its
mandated responsibilities.  Organizations shall give due consideration
to any comments on technical matters that the Secretary-General of the
United Nations may make in receiving such applications for the
Committee.  The Committee shall consider at each such session
applications received by the Secretary-General not later than 1 June
of the preceding year, on which sufficient data have been distributed
to the members of the Committee not later than six weeks before the
applications are to be considered.  Transitional arrangements, if
possible, may be made during the current year only.  Reapplication by
an organization for status, or a request for a change in status, shall
be considered by the Committee at the earliest at its first session in
the second year following the session at which the substance of the
previous application or request was considered, unless at the time of
such consideration it was decided otherwise;

     (c) Organizations in general consultative status and special
consultative status shall submit to the Council Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations through the Secretary-General every
fourth year a brief report of their activities, specifically as
regards the support they have given to the work of the United Nations. 
Based on findings of the Committee's examination of the report and
other relevant information, the Committee may recommend to the Council
any reclassification in status of the organization concerned as it
deems appropriate.  However, under exceptional circumstances, the
Committee may ask for such a report from an individual organization in
general consultative status or special consultative status or on the
Roster, between the regular reporting dates;

     (d) The Committee may consult, in connection with sessions of the
Council or at such other times as it may decide, with organizations in
general consultative status and special consultative status on matters
within their competence, other than items in the agenda of the
Council, on which the Council or the Committee or the organization
requests consultation.  The Committee shall report to the Council on
such consultations;

     (e) The Committee may consult, in connection with any particular
session of the Council, with organizations in general consultative
status and special consultative status on matters within the
competence of the organizations concerning specific items already in
the provisional agenda of the Council on which the Council or the
Committee or the organization requests consultation, and shall make
recommendations as to which organizations, subject to the provisions
of paragraph 32 (a) above, should be heard by the Council or the
appropriate committee and regarding which subjects should be heard. 
The Committee shall report to the Council on such consultations;

     (f) The Committee shall consider matters concerning
non-governmental organizations that may be referred to it by the
Council or by commissions;

     (g) The Committee shall consult with the Secretary-General, as
appropriate, on matters affecting the consultative arrangements under
Article 71 of the Charter, and arising therefrom;

     (h) An organization that applies for consultative status should
attest that it has been in existence for at least two years as at the
date of receipt of the application by the Secretariat.  Evidence of
such existence shall be furnished to the Secretariat.

62.  The Committee, in considering a request from a non-governmental
organization in general consultative status that an item be placed in
the agenda of the Council, shall take into account, among other
things:

     (a) The adequacy of the documentation submitted by the
organization;

     (b) The extent to which it is considered that the item lends
itself to early and constructive action by the Council;

     (c) The possibility that the item might be more appropriately
dealt with elsewhere than in the Council.

63.  Any decision by the Council Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations not to grant a request submitted by a non-governmental
organization in general consultative status that an item be placed in
the provisional agenda of the Council shall be considered final unless
the Council decides otherwise.


                                    Part X

                       CONSULTATION WITH THE SECRETARIAT

64.  The Secretariat should be so organized as to enable it to carry
out the duties assigned to it concerning the consultative arrangements
and the accreditation of non-governmental organizations to United
Nations international conferences as set forth in the present
resolution.

65.  All organizations in consultative relationship shall be able to
consult with officers of the appropriate sections of the Secretariat
on matters in which there is a mutual interest or a mutual concern. 
Such consultation shall be upon the request of the non-governmental
organization or upon the request of the Secretary-General of the
United Nations.

66.  The Secretary-General may request organizations in general
consultative status and special consultative status and those on the
Roster to carry out specific studies or prepare specific papers,
subject to the relevant financial regulations.

67.  The Secretary-General shall be authorized, within the means at his
disposal, to offer to non-governmental organizations in consultative
relationship facilities that include:

     (a) Prompt and efficient distribution of such documents of the
Council and its subsidiary bodies as shall in the judgement of the
Secretary-General be appropriate;

     (b) Access to the press documentation services provided by the
United Nations;

     (c) Arrangement of informal discussions on matters of special
interest to groups or organizations;

     (d) Use of the libraries of the United Nations;

     (e) Provision of accommodation for conferences or smaller
meetings of consultative organizations on the work of the Economic and
Social Council;

     (f) Appropriate seating arrangements and facilities for obtaining
documents during public meetings of the General Assembly dealing with
matters in the economic, social and related fields.


                                    Part XI

                              SECRETARIAT SUPPORT

68.  Adequate Secretariat support shall be required for fulfilment of
the mandate defined for the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations with respect to carrying out the wider range of
activities in which the enhanced involvement of non-governmental
organizations is envisaged.  The Secretary-General is requested to
provide the necessary resources for this purpose and to take steps for
improving the coordination within the Secretariat of units dealing
with non-governmental organizations.

69.  The Secretary-General is requested to make every effort to enhance
and streamline as appropriate Secretariat support arrangements, and to
improve practical arrangements on such matters as greater use of
modern information and communication technology, establishment of an
integrated database of non-governmental organizations, wide and timely
dissemination of information on meetings, distribution of
documentation, provision of access and transparent, simple and
streamlined procedures for the attendance of non-governmental
organizations in United Nations meetings, and to facilitate their
broad-based participation.

70.  The Secretary-General is requested to make the present resolution
widely known, through proper channels, to facilitate the involvement
of non-governmental organizations from all regions and areas of the
world.

                                                          49th plenary meeting
                                                                  25 July 1996


                                   Decision

                   1996/297.  Non-governmental organizations

     At its 49th plenary meeting on 25 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, reaffirming the importance of the contributions of
non-governmental organizations to the work of the United Nations, and
taking into account the contributions made by non-governmental
organizations to recent international conferences, decided to
recommend that the General Assembly examine, at its fifty-first
session, the question of the participation of non-governmental
organizations in all areas of the work of the United Nations, in the
light of the experience gained through the arrangements for
consultation between non-governmental organizations and the Economic
and Social Council.


                                  PROCEEDINGS

196.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Council had before it a
draft decision (E/1996/L.44), submitted by the representative of Costa
Rica (on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are
members of the Group of 77 and China), entitled "Non-governmental
organizations", which read as follows:

         "The Economic and Social Council, recognizing the valuable
     contributions of the non-governmental organizations mentioned in
     Council decision 1993/220 of 26 May 1993 to the work of the
     Commission on Sustainable Development, and taking into account
     Council resolution 1296 (XLIV) of 23 May 1968, as updated, and its
     relevant paragraph 53, as well as Council decision 1994/300 of 29
     July 1994, decides:

         "(a)     That the Council and its Committee on Non-Governmental
     Organizations should process the applications for a consultative
     relationship of those non-governmental organizations under the
     relevant provisions of Council resolution 1296 (XLIV), as updated;

         "(b)     To maintain on an exceptional basis the rights and
     privileges conferred on those non-governmental organizations
     mentioned in its decision 1993/220, in accordance with its
     decision 1993/215, for the purposes of the Commission on
     Sustainable Development and the special session of the General
     Assembly to review and appraise the implementation of Agenda 21,
     until the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations is able to
     process the applications mentioned above;

         "(c)     That the Committee should improve, streamline and
     update its working methods to enable it to process those
     applications and its normal workload, in a timely manner."

197.     The draft decision was subsequently withdrawn in the light of
the adoption of decision 1996/302 (see sect. B.1, paras. 123-125).


            G.  Programme and related questions in the economic, social
                and related fields

                                 INTRODUCTION

198.     At its substantive session, the Council considered programme
and related questions in the economic, social and related fields
(agenda item 11) at its 50th meeting, on 25 July 1996.  An account of
the discussion is contained in the relevant summary record
(E/1996/SR.50).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

199.     Under agenda item 11, the Council adopted one decision.


                                   Decision

              1996/299.  Dates of sessions of the Economic and Social
                         Council and its subsidiary bodies in 1997

     At its 50th plenary meeting, on 25 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, recalling its decision 1995/319 of 25 October 1995, in
which it approved the calendar of conferences and meetings for 1996
and 1997 in the economic, social and related fields, approved the
following changes in the dates of sessions of the Council and its
subsidiary bodies in 1997:

     (a) Executive Board of the United Nations Children's Fund, first
regular session of 1997 to be held at Headquarters from 20 to 24
January, second regular session of 1997 to be held at Headquarters
from 17 to 21 March, annual session of 1997 to be held at Headquarters
from 2 to 6 June, and third regular session of 1997 to be held at
Headquarters from 8 to 12 September;

     (b) Executive Board of the World Food Programme, first regular
session of 1997 to be held at Rome from 22 to 24 January, second
regular session of 1997 to be held at Rome from 24 to 28 May, annual
session of 1997 to be held at Rome from 19 to 23 May or from 26 to 30
May, and third regular session of 1997 to be held at Rome from 20 to
24 October or from 27 to 31 October;

     (c) Fourteenth United Nations Regional Cartographic Conference
for Asia and the Pacific to be held at Bangkok from 3 to 7 February;

     (d) Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Panel on Forests of the Commission
on Sustainable Development, fourth session, to be held at Headquarters
from 10 to 15 or 21 February;  202/

     (e) Commission on Narcotic Drugs - Subcommission on Illicit Drug
Traffic and Related Matters in the Near and Middle East, thirty-second
session, to be held at a capital in the region from 17 to 21 February;

     (f) Inter-sessional ad hoc open-ended working group of the
Commission on Sustainable Development, to meet at Headquarters from
24 February to 7 March;

     (g) Commission on Human Rights, fifty-third session, to be held
at the United Nations Office at Geneva from 10 March to 18 April;

     (h) Commission on Narcotic Drugs, fortieth session, to be held at
the United Nations Office at Vienna from 18 to 27 March;

     (i) Commission on Sustainable Development, fifth session, to be
held at Headquarters from 7 to 25 April;

     (j) Economic Commission for Europe, fifty-second session, to be
held at the United Nations Office at Geneva from 14 to 18 April;

     (k) Thirteenth Meeting of Experts on the United Nations Programme
in Public Administration and Finance to be held at Headquarters from
21 April to 2 May;

     (l) Economic Commission for Africa, eighteenth meeting of the
Technical Preparatory Committee of the Whole, to be held at Addis
Ababa from 22 to 25 April, and thirty-second session of the Commission
and twenty-third meeting of the Conference of Ministers, to be held at
Addis Ababa from 28 to 30 April;

     (m) Commission on Human Settlements, sixteenth session, to be
held at Nairobi from 28 April to 7 May;

     (n) Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, sixteenth
session, to be held at the United Nations Office at Geneva from 28
April to 16 May;

     (o) Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, sixth
session, to be held at the United Nations Office at Vienna from 29
April to 9 May;

     (p) Executive Board of the United Nations Development
Programme/United Nations Population Fund, annual session of 1997, to
be held at Headquarters from 12 to 23 May;

     (q) Pre-sessional working group of the Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights, to be held at the United Nations Office at
Geneva from 20 to 23 May;

     (r) Commission on Human Rights - Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities - Working Group on
Contemporary Forms of Slavery, to meet at the United Nations Office at
Geneva from 20 to 29 May;

     (s) Economic and Social Council, substantive session of 1997, to
be held at the United Nations Office at Geneva from 30 June to 25
July;

     (t) Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods -
Subcommittee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, two
sessions to be held at the United Nations Office at Geneva from 7 to
18 July and from 8 to 19 December;

     (u) Commission on Human Rights - Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities - Working Group on
Communications, to meet at the United Nations Office at Geneva from 21
July to 1 August;

     (v) Commission on Human Rights - Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities - Working Group on
Indigenous Populations, to meet at the United Nations Office at Geneva
from 28 July to 1 August;

     (w) Commission on Human Rights - Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, forty-ninth session, to
be held at the United Nations Office at Geneva from 4 to 29 August;

     (x) Commission on Human Rights - Working Group on Enforced or
Involuntary Disappearances, two sessions to be held at the United
Nations Office at Geneva from 18 to 22 August and from 12 to 21
November;

     (y) Eighth meeting of the Ad Hoc Group of Experts on
International Cooperation in Tax Matters to be held at the United
Nations Office at Geneva from 15 to 19 December.


               H.  New and innovative ideas for generating funds

                                 INTRODUCTION

200.     At its substantive session, the Council considered the
question of new and innovative ideas for generating funds (agenda item
12) at its 30th and 52nd meetings, on 11 and 26 July 1996.  An account
of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records
(E/1996/SR.30 and 52).  It had before it a document prepared by the
Secretariat on new and innovative ideas for generating funds
(E/1996/CRP.1) and a note verbale dated 1 March 1996 from the
Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations addressed to
the Secretary-General transmitting the Chairman's Summary of the Third
Expert Group Meeting on Financial Issues of Agenda 21
(E/CN.17/1996/28).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

201.     Under agenda item 12, the Council adopted one resolution.


                                  Resolution

            1996/48.  New and innovative ideas for generating funds

     The Economic and Social Council,

     Recalling the Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social
Development,  203/ in which relevant United Nations bodies, in
particular the Economic and Social Council, are requested to consider
new and innovative ideas for generating funds and to offer any useful
suggestions for this purpose,

     Noting discussions in intergovernmental bodies, such as the
Commission on Sustainable Development, statements made at the special
commemorative meeting of the General Assembly on the occasion of the
fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations and during the general
debate at the fiftieth session of the Assembly, and activities
undertaken in this area by United Nations bodies, in particular the
United Nations Development Programme, and other entities,

     Taking note of previous reports of the Secretary-General relevant
to the issue,  204/

     Conscious of the importance and urgency of securing sufficient and
reliable sources of funding to address globally agreed commitments and
priorities, in particular those established at recent United Nations
conferences and summits, 

     Recognizing that the authority to levy taxes is the prerogative of
sovereign States,

     1.  Reaffirms the commitments and targets made with regard to
official development assistance, and stresses in this context that
funds generated by new and innovative ideas should not replace
official development assistance;

     2.  Emphasizes that new and innovative funding should be distinct
from funding the regular budget and the peacekeeping budgets of the
United Nations, and should be part of global partnership and
interdependence;  

     3.  Stresses the role of private investment in financing
development;

     4.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report, to be
prepared in cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme,
on all aspects of new and innovative ideas for generating funds for
globally agreed commitments and priorities, in particular those
established at recent United Nations conferences and summits,
including in particular a review of their feasibility and possible
modalities, as well as the costs and benefits of their implementation;


     5.  Also requests the Secretary-General, in the preparation of
the above-mentioned report, to consult and build upon work of relevant
parts of the United Nations system, including the Bretton Woods
institutions, and to draw upon relevant external expertise from the
private and public sectors and the academic community;

     6.  Invites voluntary contributions for this purpose, including
possible contributions from the private sector;

     7.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit his report for
discussion to the Council at its substantive session of 1997 and to
the General Assembly at its fifty-second session;

     8.  Also requests the Secretary-General to organize briefings, as
appropriate, for the Council's substantive session of 1997 in order to
keep Member States informed of progress being made on the subject;

     9.  Invites Governments to submit their written views on new and
innovative ideas for generating funds to the Secretary-General, and
requests the Secretary-General, in a supplement to his report, to
communicate those views to the Council at its substantive session of
1997 and to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session.

                                                          52nd plenary meeting
                                                                  26 July 1996


                                  PROCEEDINGS

202.     At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the
Council, Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), introduced a draft
resolution (E/1996/L.47) entitled "New and innovative ideas for
generating funds", submitted by him on the basis of informal
consultations.

203.     At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft
resolution.  See Council resolution 1996/48 (para. 201 above).

NYAN     Before the adoption of the draft resolution, a statement was
made by the representative of Malaysia.

205.     After the adoption of the draft resolution, a statement was
made by the representative of the United States of America.


                                     Notes

1/       A/51/172-E/1996/77.

2/       See E/1996/SR.41.

3/       E/1996/65.

4/       In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the
Economic and Social Council.

5/       E/1996/83.

6/       A/51/212.

7/       E/1996/85.

8/       E/1996/SR.44.

9/       A/51/171-E/1996/75.

10/      The delegations of Bangladesh, Chile, Costa Rica and Guyana
subsequently indicated that, had they been present during the voting,
they would have voted in favour of the draft resolution.

11/      The delegation of Zimbabwe subsequently indicated that its
vote on the draft resolution should have been recorded as being in
favour and not as an abstention.

12/      Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first
Session, Supplement No. 41 (A/51/41).

13/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 2 (E/1996/22).

14/      For the final text, see Official Records of the Economic and
Social Council, 1996, Supplement No. 3 (E/1996/23).

15/      E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. A.

16/      E/CN.4/1996/2, chap. II, sect. A.

17/      General Assembly resolution 39/46, annex.

18/      E/CN.4/1996/28.

19/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1995,
Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2), chap.
II, sect. A.

20/      E/CN.4/Sub.2/1993/28.

21/      See General Assembly resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

22/      Report of the World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna,
14-25 June 1993 (A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

23/      Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first
Session, Supplement No. 41 (A/51/41).

24/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 2 (E/1996/22).

25/      E/1996/87.

26/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1993,
Supplement No. 3 (E/1993/23), chap. II, sect. A.

27/      Report of the World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna,
14-25 June 1993 (A/CONF.157/24 (Part I)), chap. III.

28/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1984,
Supplement No. 4 and corrigendum (E/1984/14 and Corr.1), chap. II,
sect. A.

29/      E/1996/L.18, chap. I, sect. B.

30/      E/CN.4/1996/2, chap. II, sect. A.

31/      See E/CN.4/Sub.2/1995/10.

32/      See Report of the United Nations Conference on Human
Settlements (Habitat II), Istanbul, 3-14 June 1996 (A/CONF.165/14).

33/      E/CN.4/1996/2, chap. II, sect. B.

34/      E/CN.4/1995/2, chap. II, sect. A.

35/    The delegation of Portugal subsequently indicated that its vote
on the draft decision should have been recorded as an abstention and
not as being in favour.

36/    The delegation of India subsequently indicated that its vote on
the draft decision should have been recorded as an abstention and not
as being against.

37/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 38 (A/51/38).

38/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 6 (E/1996/26).

39/      E/CN.6/1996/8.

40/      Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality,
Development and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

41/      Report of the Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing,
4-15 September 1995 (A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1), chap. I, resolution 1,
annex II.

42/      General Assembly resolution 48/104.

43/      A/48/486-S/26560, annex.

44/      General Assembly resolution 217 A (III).

45/      Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, The Hague
Conventions and Declarations of 1899 and 1907 (New York, Oxford
University Press, 1915).

46/      United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973, p. 287.

47/      A/50/3, chap. III, para. 22.

48/      E/1996/16.

49/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 6 (E/1996/26), chap. I, sect. C.

50/      See E/AC.5/1996/L.5/Add.34.

51/      E/1995/80.

52/      E/1996/56.

53/      Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first
Session, Supplement No. 38 (A/51/38).

54/      E/1996/71.

55/      E/1996/82.

56/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
Supplement No. 6 (E/1996/26), chap. I, sect. C.2.

57/    The delegation of Pakistan subsequently indicated that, had it
been present during the voting, it would have voted in favour of the
draft resolution.

58/    Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 9 (E/1996/29).

59/      Report of the World Summit for Social Development,
Copenhagen, 6-12 March 1995 (A/CONF.166/9), chap. I, resolution 1,
annexes I and II.

60/      A/50/3, chap. III, para. 22.

61/      E/CN.5/1996/2.

62/      Report of the World Summit for Social Development ...,
chap. I, resolution 1, annex I.

63/      Ibid., annex II.

64/      The delegation of the Netherlands subsequently indicated that
its vote on paragraph 17 should have been recorded as being in favour
and not as an abstention.

65/      Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 10 and corrigendum (E/1996/30 and Corr.1).

66/      E/CN.15/1996/5.

67/      United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515.

68/      Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152.

69/      Ibid., vol. 1019, No. 14956.

70/      Official Records of the United Nations Conference for the
Adoption of a Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, Vienna, 25 November-20 December 1988, vol. I
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.XI.5).

71/      Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and
the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August-7 September 1990: 
report prepared by the Secretariat (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.91.IV.2) chap. I, sect. C.2.

72/      Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda), vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex I.

73/      Ibid., annex II.

74/      E/CN.15/1996/CRP.4.

75/      E/CN.15/1996/13 and Corr.1.

76/       Report of the World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna,
14-25 June 1993 (A/CONF.157/24 (Part I)), chap. III.

77/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1995,
Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2), chap.
II, sect. A.

78/       E/1996/L.18, chap. II, sect. A.

79/       E/CN.4/1995/42, para. 69.

80/       Report of the Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing,
4-15 September 1995 (A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1), chap. I, resolution 1.

81/       General Assembly resolution 260 A (III), annex.

82/        ST/CSDHA/20.

83/       E/CN.15/1996/12 and Corr.1.

84/       E/CN.15/1996/11 and Corr.1.

85/       E/CN.15/1996/CRP.12.

86/       Report of the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention
of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Cairo, 29 April-8 May 1995
(A/CONF.169/16/Rev.1), chap. I.

87/       E/1996/L.18, chap. II, sect. A.

88/       E/CN.15/1996/10.

89/       E/CN.15/1996/16/Add.5 and E/CN.15/1996/CRP.1.

90/       General Assembly resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

91/       E/CN.15/1996/19.

92/       E/CN.4/1996/4.

93/       S/25704.

94/       Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime
and the Treatment of Offenders, Milan, 26 August-6 September 1985: 
report prepared by the Secretariat (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.86.IV.1), chap. I, sect. D.2, annex.

95/       Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and
the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August-7 September 1990: 
report prepared by the Secretariat (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.91.IV.1), chap. I, sect. B.3, annex.

96/       Ibid., sect. C.26.

97/       General Assembly resolution 43/173, annex.

98/       First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and
the Treatment of Offenders, Geneva, 22 August-3 September 1955: 
report prepared by the Secretariat (United Nations publication, Sales
No. 1956.IV.4), annex I, sect. A.

99/        General Assembly resolution 40/33, annex.

100/       General Assembly resolution 45/112, annex.

101/       General Assembly resolution 45/113, annex.

102/       United Nations publication, Sales No. E.92.IV.1 and
corrigendum.

103/       First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and
the Treatment of Offenders, Geneva, 22 August-3 September 1955: 
report prepared by the Secretariat (United Nations publication, Sales
No. 1956.IV.4), annex I, sect. A.

104/       General Assembly resolution 34/169, annex, of 17 December
1979.

105/       Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime
and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August-7 September 1990: 
report prepared by the Secretariat (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.91.IV.2), chap. I, sect. B.2, annex.

106/       General Assembly resolution 40/34, annex.

107/       Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime
and the Treatment of Offenders, Milan, 26 August-6 September 1985: 
report prepared by the Secretariat (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.86.IV.1), chap. I, sect. D.2, annex.

108/       E/CN.15/1996/16/Add.1-4.

109/       General Assembly resolution 44/25, annex.

110/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1994,
Supplement No. 11 (E/1994/31), chap. I, sect. C.

111/       Report of the Ninth United Nations Congress on the
Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Cairo, 29 April-8
May 1995 (A/CONF.169/16/Rev.1), chap. I.

112/       E/CN.15/1996/10, paras. 10-26 and 46.

113/       A/49/748, annex, chap. I, sect. A.

114/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 7 (E/1996/27), chap. XIV.

115/       E/CN.15/1996/2.

116/       E/CN.15/1996/2/Add.1, annex.

117/       E/CN.15/1996/3.

118/       Report of the Ninth United Nations Congress on the
Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Cairo, 29 April-8
May 1995 (A/CONF.169/16/Rev.1), chap. I.

119/       E/CN.15/1996/14.

120/       E/CN.15/1996/CRP.5.

121/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 10 (E/1996/30), chap. III, paras. 73 and 74.

122/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 7 (E/1996/27).

123/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1995,
Supplement No. 9 and corrigendum (E/1995/29 and Corr.1).

124/        Official Records of the United Nations Conference for the
Adoption of a Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, Vienna, 25 November-20 December 1988, vol. I
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.XI.5).

125/        United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515.

126/        Ibid., vol. 1019, No. 14956.

127/        See Report of the International Conference on Drug Abuse
and Illicit Trafficking, Vienna, 17-26 June 1987 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.87.I.18), chap. I, sect. A.

128/        General Assembly resolution S-17/2, annex.

129/        United Nations publication, Sales No. E.96.XI.1.

130/        United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515.

131/        Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1994,
Supplement No. 10 (E/1994/30 and Add.1), chap. XI.

132/        Ibid., 1995, Supplement No. 9 and corrigendum (E/1995/29
and Corr.1 and Add.1).

133/        United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1019, No. 14956.

134/        Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152.

135/        Official Records of the United Nations Conference for the
Adoption of a Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, Vienna, 25 November-20 December 1988, vol. I
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.XI.5).

136/        United Nations publication, Sales No. E.96.XI.1.

137/        United Nations publication, Sales No. E.96.XI.4.

138/        See General Assembly resolution S-17/2, annex.

139/        E/1996/38.

140/        Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 7 (E/1996/27).

141/        A/51/129-E/1996/53.

142/        E/1996/52 and Corr.1.

143/        E/1996/76.

144/        Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.93.I.8 and corrigendum), resolution 1, annex II.

145/        Ibid., annex I.

146/        A/51/116, annex I, appendix II.

147/        Ibid., annex II.

148/        Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 8 (E/1996/28)  .

149/        E/1996/66.

150/        E/1996/70.

151/        Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 11 (E/1996/31).

152/        Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.93.I.8 and corrigendum), resolution 1, annex II.

153/       Report of the World Summit for Social Development,
Copenhagen, 6-12 March 1995 (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.96.IV.8), forthcoming, chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

154/       E/CN.17/1996/5 and Add.1.

155/       E/C.7/1996/11.

156/       Report of the United Nations Water Conference, Mar del
Plata, 14-25 March 1977 (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.77.II.A.12), chap. I.

157/       Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.93.I.8 and corrigendum), resolution 1, annex II.

158/       E/C.7/1996/6 and Corr.1.

159/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 11 (E/1996/31).

160/       E/C.7/1996/11.

161/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 4 (E/1996/24).

162/       Ibid., Supplement No. 8 (E/1996/28), chap. I, sect. C,
decision 4/15.

163/       A/AC.237/18 (Part II)/Add.1 and Corr.1, annex I.

164/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 4 (E/1996/24).

165/       Ibid., Supplement No. 5 (E/1996/25).

166/       Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

167/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 5 (E/1996/25).

168/       Ibid.

169/       E/1996/62.

170/       A/CONF.172/9, chap. I, resolution 1, annex I.

171/       A/51/186-E/1996/80.

172/       General Assembly resolution 44/236, annex.

173/       Report of the Global Conference on the Sustainable
Development of Small Island Developing States, Bridgetown, Barbados,
25 April-6 May 1994 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.I.18
and Corr.1 and 2), chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

174/       Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions
Adopted by the Conference (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.93.I.8 and corrigendum), resolution 1, annex II.

175/       E/1996/L.26.

176/       Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1991,
Supplement No. 16 (E/1991/37), chap. IV.

177/       Ibid., 1992, Supplement No. 13 (E/1992/133), chap. IV,
sect. A.

178/       Ibid., 1994, Supplement No. 20 (E/1994/40), chap. IV,
sect. A.

179/       E/ECA/CM.22/2.

180/       E/ECA/CM.22/3.

181/           E/1996/45 and Add.1.

182/           E/1996/46.

183/           E/1996/47.

184/           E/1996/48. 

185/           E/1996/49.

186/           E/1996/50.

187/           United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

188/           A/48/486-S/26560, annex.

189/           A/51/135-E/1996/51, annex.

190/           In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of
the Economic and Social Council.

191/           The delegation of Bangladesh subsequently indicated that,
had it been present at the time of the voting, it would have voted in
favour of the draft resolution.   

192/           E/1996/90.

193/           To be issued as part of Official Records of the General
Assembly, Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 16 (A/51/16).

194/           See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1996, Supplement No. 8 (E/1996/28), chap. I, sect. C.

195/           E/1996/81.

196/           In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of
the Economic and Social Council.

197/           E/1996/42.

198/           In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of
the Economic and Social Council.

199/           E/1996/42.

200/        Council resolutions 1099 (XL) and 1981/50 and Council
decision 1995/304.

201/        Rule 80 of the rules of procedure of the Council.

202/        Subject to a review by the General Assembly at its fifty-
first session of the question of addition of meetings to the calendar
of conferences and meetings for 1997.

203/        Report of the World Summit for Social Development,
Copenhagen, 6-12 March 1995 (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.96.IV.8), forthcoming, chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

204/        A/50/666; A/50/1; A/47/277-S/24111; A/48/935; and A/49/665.


                                  Chapter VI

            ELECTIONS, APPOINTMENTS, NOMINATIONS AND CONFIRMATIONS


1.   The Council considered the question of elections, appointments,
nominations and confirmations at its organizational and resumed
organizational sessions (agenda item 8) and at its substantive session
(agenda item 1).  The question was considered at the 1st, 2nd, 4th to
7th and 50th meetings, on 25 January, 9 February, 2 and 3 May and
25 July 1996.  An account of the proceedings is contained in the
relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.1, 2, 4-7 and 50).  The Council
had before it the following documents:

     (a)  Annotated provisional agenda for the organizational session
for 1996 (E/1996/2 and Add.1);

     (b)  Note by the Secretary-General on the confirmation of
representatives on the functional commissions of the Council (E/1996/3
and Add.1);

     (c)  Note by the Secretariat on the election of three members of
the Executive Board of the World Food Programme (E/1996/8);

     (d)  Note by the Secretariat on the enlargement of the membership
of the Commission on Population and Development (E/1996/9);

     (e)  Note by the Secretary-General on the Committee on New and
Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development (E/1996/10);

     (f)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of nine members
of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (E/1996/19
and Add.1);

     (g)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of members of
the International Narcotics Control Board under the provisions of
article 9, paragraph 1 (a), of the Single Convention on Narcotic
Drugs, 1961, as amended by the 1972 Protocol (E/1996/54);

     (h)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of members of
the International Narcotics Control Board under the provisions of
article 9, paragraph 1 (b), of the Single Convention on Narcotic
Drugs, 1961, as amended by the 1972 Protocol (E/1996/55);

     (i)  Note by the Secretary-General on the appointment of three
members of the Board of Trustees of the International Research and
Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (E/1996/79 and Add.1
and 2);

     (j)  Note by the Secretariat on the election of five members of
the Programme Coordination Board of the Joint and Co-sponsored United
Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired
Immunodeficiency Syndrome (E/1996/91);

     (k)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 11 members
of the Executive Board of the United Nations Children's Fund
(E/1996/L.5);

     (l)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of members of
the functional commissions of the Council (E/1996/L.6);

     (m)  Note by the Secretary-General on the nomination of 20 members
of the Committee for Programme and Coordination (E/1996/L.8);

     (n)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 10 members
of the Commission on Human Settlements (E/1996/L.9);

     (o)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 17 members
of the Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International
Standards of Accounting and Reporting (E/1996/L.10);

     (p)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 11 members
of the Executive Board of the United Nations Development
Programme/United Nations Population Fund (E/1996/L.11);

     (q)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of six members
of the Executive Board of the World Food Programme (E/1996/L.12);

     (r)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 24 members
of the Committee on Natural Resources (E/1996/L.13 and Add.1 and 2);

     (s)  Note by the Secretary-General on the election of 24 members
of the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy
for Development (E/1996/L.15 and Add.1).


                          ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

2.   The Council adopted three decisions relating to elections.


                                   Decisions

           1996/201.  Elections to subsidiary bodies of the Economic
and
                      Social Council, nominations and confirmation of  

                      representatives on the functional commissions    


1.   At its 1st and 2nd plenary meetings, on 25 January and 9 February
1996, the Economic and Social Council took the following action with
regard to vacancies in its subsidiary and related bodies:


                   COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

     The Council elected the following fifteen Member States for a term
beginning on the date of election:  CUBA, EL SALVADOR, FINLAND, IRAN
(ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF), ITALY, MALTA, NEPAL, PAKISTAN, PERU,
PHILIPPINES, REPUBLIC OF KOREA, SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC, THE FORMER
YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, UKRAINE and VENEZUELA.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of five
members from African States for a term beginning on the date of
election.


                  Elections postponed from previous sessions

               COMMITTEE ON NEW AND RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY
                         AND ON ENERGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

     The Council elected William Michael Mebane (Italy) to complete the
unexpired portion of the term of Giovanni Carlo Pinchera (Italy),
deceased.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of three
members from African States for a term beginning on the date of
election.


                        COMMISSION ON HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one
member from African States and two members from Asian States for a
term beginning on the date of election and expiring on 31 December
1999.


                            STATISTICAL COMMISSION

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one
member from Latin American and Caribbean States for a term beginning
on the date of election and expiring on 31 December 1999.


             COMMISSION ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of two
members from Western European and other States for a term beginning on
the date of election.


          INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP OF EXPERTS ON INTERNATIONAL
                     STANDARDS OF ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one
member from African States and two members from Latin American and
Caribbean States for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1997 and one member from Latin American and
Caribbean States for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1996.


                  EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME

     The Council elected the following three Member States:  DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC, MAURITANIA and TUNISIA.  1/

     The Council drew lots to determine the initial terms of office of
the members of the Board.  It was thus decided that the following six
States would serve for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1998:  CAMEROON, FINLAND, INDIA, PARAGUAY,
SWEDEN and TUNISIA; the following six States would serve for a term
beginning on the date of election and expiring on 31 December 1997;
HUNGARY, INDONESIA, ITALY, MAURITANIA, NORWAY and PAKISTAN; and the
following six States would serve for a term beginning on the date of
election and expiring on 31 December 1996:  ANGOLA, DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC, JAPAN, PHILIPPINES, UGANDA and UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT
BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND.


                 Nominations postponed from previous sessions

                              WORLD FOOD COUNCIL

     The Council postponed to a future session the nomination of two
members from Latin American and Caribbean States and three members
from Western European and other States for a term beginning on the
date of election and expiring on 31 December 1998, two members from
Western European and other States for a term beginning on the date of
election and expiring on 31 December 1997, and one member from Western
European and other States and one member from Eastern European States
for a term beginning on the date of election and expiring on
31 December 1996.


                                 Confirmations

2.   Also at its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Council
confirmed the nominations by their Governments of the following
representatives on functional commissions of the Council:  2/


                            STATISTICAL COMMISSION

         ZHANG Sai                             (China)
         Mian Tayyab HASSAN                    (Pakistan)


                   COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

         Jose Augusto LINDGREN ALVES           (Brazil)
         Simon Barmasai Arap BULLET            (Kenya)


                       COMMISSION FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

         Heike SCHMITT                         (Germany)
         Mercedes PULIDO DE BRICENO            (Venezuela)


                       COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

         Sabria BOUKADOUM** (** Replacement.)  (Algeria)
         Marcela Maria NICODEMOS               (Brazil)
         WANG Shuxian                          (China)
         Fady Habib KARAM                      (Lebanon)
         Zuzana VRANOVA                        (Slovakia)


              COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

         Gholamhossein Sadeghi GHAHAREH        (Islamic Republic of Iran)


                     1996/222.  Elections and nominations

     At its 4th to 7th meetings, on 2 and 3 May 1996, the Council took
the following action with regard to vacancies in its subsidiary and
related bodies:


                        COMMISSION ON HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

     The following 15 Member States were elected for a four-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  BANGLADESH, BELGIUM, CHINA, ETHIOPIA,
FRANCE, ITALY, JAMAICA, LIBERIA, MALAWI, NAMIBIA, NETHERLANDS, POLAND,
REPUBLIC OF KOREA, SWEDEN and ZAMBIA.

     The PHILIPPINES was elected for a term beginning on the date of
election and expiring on 31 December 1999.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one
member from Asian States, one member from Eastern European States and
two members from Latin American and Caribbean States for a four-year
term beginning on 1 January 1997.

     The Council also postponed to a future session the election of one
member from African States and one member from Asian States for a term
beginning on the date of election and expiring on 31 December 1999.


                            STATISTICAL COMMISSION

     The following eight Member States were elected for a four-year
term beginning on 1 January 1997:  CZECH REPUBLIC, INDIA, JAMAICA,
JAPAN, MEXICO, NETHERLANDS, PORTUGAL and UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT
BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND.

     COLOMBIA was elected for a term beginning on the date of election
and expiring on 31 December 1999.


                   COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

     The Council elected the following five Member States for a term
beginning on the date of election:  ALGERIA, CONGO, LESOTHO, UGANDA
and ZAMBIA.  3/

     The Council then drew lots to determine the initial terms of
office of the new members of the Commission.  It was thus decided that
the following eight States would serve for a term beginning on the
date of election and expiring on 31 December 1988:  ALGERIA, CONGO, EL
SALVADOR, IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF), MALTA, PERU, SYRIAN ARAB
REPUBLIC and THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA; the following
seven States would serve for a term beginning on the date of election
and expiring on 31 December 1997:  ITALY, LESOTHO, PHILIPPINES,
REPUBLIC OF KOREA, UKRAINE, VENEZUELA and ZAMBIA; and the following
five States would serve for a term beginning on the date of election
and expiring on 31 December 1996:  CUBA, FINLAND, NEPAL, PAKISTAN and
UGANDA.

     The following 10 Member States were elected for a four-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  BANGLADESH, BELGIUM, CAMEROON, CANADA,
CūTE D'IVOIRE, ETHIOPIA, GERMANY, HUNGARY, PANAMA and TURKEY.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of two
members from Asian States and two members from Latin American and
Caribbean States for a four-year term beginning on 1 January 1997.


                       COMMISSION FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

     The following 10 Member States were elected for a four-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  CANADA, CHILE, CHINA, FINLAND, INDIA,
JAMAICA, MALAWI, NETHERLANDS, POLAND and SOUTH AFRICA.


                          COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

     The following 15 Member States were elected for a three-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  ARGENTINA, AUSTRIA, CAPE VERDE, CHINA,
CZECH REPUBLIC, ECUADOR, GERMANY, INDONESIA, IRELAND, ITALY, JAPAN,
MOZAMBIQUE, SOUTH AFRICA, URUGUAY and ZAIRE.


                       COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

     The following 11 Member States were elected for a four-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  ETHIOPIA, FRANCE, GERMANY, GHANA, JAPAN,
MOROCCO, PARAGUAY, PERU, POLAND, THAILAND and UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT
BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND.


              COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

     The following 17 Member States were elected for a three-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  AUSTRIA, BOLIVIA, COLOMBIA, FIJI,
JAMAICA, JAPAN, LESOTHO, NETHERLANDS, PAKISTAN, PHILIPPINES, RUSSIAN
FEDERATION, SUDAN, SWAZILAND, SWEDEN, TUNISIA, UKRAINE and ZAMBIA.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of three
members from African States for a three-year term beginning on
1 January 1997.


                     COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

     The following 16 Member States were elected for a three-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  BULGARIA, CANADA, DJIBOUTI, EGYPT,
INDIA, INDONESIA, IRELAND, JAPAN, MEXICO, NIGER, PANAMA, SLOVAKIA,
SUDAN, UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA and VENEZUELA.


             COMMISSION ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of two
members from Western European and other States for a term beginning on
the date of election.

             EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND

     CANADA withdrew from the Board and was replaced by NEW ZEALAND for
a term expiring on 31 December 1998.

     The following 11 Member States were elected for a three-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  BELGIUM, CAPE VERDE, CZECH REPUBLIC,
GERMANY, INDONESIA, ITALY, JAMAICA, NICARAGUA, NIGERIA, OMAN and
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.


         EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME/
                        UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND

     CANADA withdrew from the Board and was replaced by AUSTRALIA for a
term expiring on 31 December 1998; SPAIN withdrew from the Board and
was replaced by FRANCE for a term expiring on 31 December 1997.

     The following 11 Member States were elected for a three-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA, AUSTRIA, BRAZIL,
GUINEA, JAPAN, LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA, NORWAY, PAKISTAN, RUSSIAN
FEDERATION, THAILAND and UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN
IRELAND.


                  EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME

     FINLAND withdrew from the Board and was replaced by DENMARK for a
term expiring on 31 December 1998.  SWEDEN withdrew from the Board and
was replaced by the UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN
IRELAND for a term expiring on 31 December 1998.

     The following four Member States were elected for a three-year
term beginning on 1 January 1997:  BELGIUM, IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC
OF), JAPAN and MEXICO.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of two
members from African States for a three-year term beginning on
1 January 1997.


          INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP OF EXPERTS ON INTERNATIONAL
                     STANDARDS OF ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING

     The following 12 States were elected for a three-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  CHINA, FRANCE, GABON, ITALY, KENYA,
MALAWI, NAMIBIA, NETHERLANDS, RUSSIAN FEDERATION, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND
and UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one
member from African States, two members from Asian States and two
members from Latin American and Caribbean States for a three-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997.

     The Council also postponed to a future session the election of one
member from African States and two members from Latin American and
Caribbean States for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1997 and one member from Latin American and
Caribbean States for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1996.


               COMMITTEE ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS

     The following nine experts were elected for a four-year term
beginning on 1 January 1997:  Ivan Antanovich (Belarus), Dumitru
Ceausu (Romania), Oscar Ceville (Panama), Abdessatar Grissa (Tunisia),
Mari'a de los Angeles Jime'nez Butraguen~o (Spain), Ariranga
Govindasamy Pillay (Mauritius), Kenneth Osborne Rattray (Jamaica),
Walid M. Sa'di (Jordan) and Philippe Texier (France).


                        COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES

     The following three experts were elected for a term beginning on
1 January 1997:  Malin Falkenmark (Sweden), Li Yuwei (China) and
Karlheinz Rieck (Germany).  It was decided that the following seven
States would nominate experts for a term beginning on 1 January 1997: 
EGYPT, GHANA, KENYA, MALAWI, NETHERLANDS, NIGERIA and ZAMBIA.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of four
experts from Asian States, three experts from Eastern European States,
four experts from Latin American and Caribbean States and three
experts from Western European and other States.


            COMMITTEE ON NEW AND RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY AND ON
                            ENERGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

     The following three experts were elected for a term beginning on
1 January 1997:  Zhang Goucheng (China), Paul-Georg Gutermuth
(Germany) and Wolfgang Hein (Austria).  It was decided that the
NETHERLANDS would nominate an expert for a term beginning on
1 January 1997.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of six
experts from African States, four experts from Asian States, three
experts from Eastern European States, four experts from Latin American
and Caribbean States and three experts from Western European and other
States.


                     INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL BOARD

     The Council, from among the candidates nominated by the World
Health Organization, elected Nelia P. Corte's-Maramba (Philippines)
and A. Hamid Ghodse (Islamic Republic of Iran) for a five-year term
beginning on 2 March 1997.

     The Council, from among the candidates nominated by Governments,
elected C. Chakrabarty (India), Jacques Franquet (France),
Dil Jan Khan (Pakistan), Alfonso Go'mez Me'ndez (Colombia) and Herbert
S. Okun (United States of America) for a five-year term beginning on
2 March 1997.


                   COMMITTEE FOR PROGRAMME AND COORDINATION

     The Council, in accordance with its resolution 2008 (LX) of
14 May 1976 and General Assembly decision 42/450 of 17 December 1987,
nominated the following Member States for election by the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session for a three-year term beginning on
1 January 1997:

     (a)  African States (four vacancies):  CAMEROON, CONGO, NIGERIA
and ZIMBABWE;

     (b)  Asian States (four vacancies):  INDONESIA, IRAN (ISLAMIC
REPUBLIC OF), PAKISTAN and THAILAND;

     (c)  Eastern European States (three vacancies):  BULGARIA, POLAND,
ROMANIA and UKRAINE;

     (d)  Latin American and Caribbean States (four vacancies): 
ARGENTINA, BRAZIL, NICARAGUA and TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO;

     (e)  Western European and other States (five vacancies):  GERMANY,
NETHERLANDS and UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND.

     The Council postponed to a future session the nomination of two
members from Western European and other States.


                1996/298.  Elections, appointments, nominations and
                           confirmations

     At its 50th plenary meeting, on 25 July 1996, the Council took the
following action with regard to vacancies in its subsidiary and
related bodies:


            PROGRAMME COORDINATION BOARD OF THE JOINT AND CO-SPONSORED
            UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS/
                      ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME

     The following States were elected for a three-year term beginning
on 1 January 1997:  CANADA, CūTE D'IVOIRE, MEXICO, NORWAY and
THAILAND.


         BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING
                    INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN

     The Council appointed Maria Jonas (Austria), Noe"lie Kangoye
(Burkina Faso) and Mona Chemali Khalaf (Lebanon) for a term beginning
on the date of appointment and expiring on 30 June 1999.


          EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE PROGRAMME OF THE UNITED NATIONS
                        HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES

     The Council elected IRELAND in accordance with General Assembly
resolution 50/228 of 7 June 1996.


                   COMMITTEE FOR PROGRAMME AND COORDINATION

     The Council, in accordance with its resolution 2008 (LX) of
14 May 1976 and General Assembly decision 42/450 of 17 December 1987,
nominated AUSTRIA for election by the General Assembly at its fifty-
first session for a three-year term beginning on 1 January 1997.

     The nomination of one member from Western European and other
States was postponed.


                        COMMISSION ON HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one
member from Asian States, one member from Eastern European States and
two members from Latin American and Caribbean States for a four-year
term beginning on 1 January 1997.

     The Council also postponed to a future session the election of one
member from African States and one member from Asian States for a term
beginning on the date of election and expiring on 31 December 1999.


                   COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

     The Council elected MALAYSIA for a four-year term beginning on
1 January 1997.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one
member from Asian States and two members from Latin American and
Caribbean States for a four-year term beginning on 1 January 1997.


              COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

     The following States were elected for a three-year term beginning
on 1 January 1997:  EGYPT, GAMBIA and MALAWI.


                  EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME

     The following States were elected for a three-year term beginning
on 1 January 1997:  ANGOLA and ETHIOPIA.


          INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP OF EXPERTS ON INTERNATIONAL
                     STANDARDS OF ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING

     The Council elected PANAMA for a three-year term beginning on
1 January 1997.

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of one
member from African States, two members from Asian States, one member
from Latin American and Caribbean States and three members from
Western European and other States for a three-year term beginning on
1 January 1997.

     The Council also postponed to a future session the election of one
member from African States and two members from Latin American and
Caribbean States for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1997 and one member from Latin American and
Caribbean States for a term beginning on the date of election and
expiring on 31 December 1996.


                        COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES

     The following experts were elected for a term beginning on
1 January 1997:  Gustavo Alvarez (Uruguay), Adel Jalili (Islamic
Republic of Iran), Mohammad Nawaz Khan (Pakistan), Carlos A. Saldi'var
(Paraguay) and Carmen Luisa Vela'squez de Visbal (Venezuela).

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of two
experts from Asian States, three experts from Eastern European States,
one expert from Latin American and Caribbean States and three experts
from Western European and other States for a term beginning on
1 January 1997.

     Since the membership was not complete, the Council did not draw
lots to determine the terms of office.


             COMMITTEE ON NEW AND RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY AND
                           ON ENERGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

     The following experts were elected for a term beginning on
1 January 1997:  Bernard Devin (France), Ahmad Kahrobaian (Islamic
Republic of Iran), Choon-Ho Kim (Republic of Korea),
Daniel F. Perez Ferna'ndez-Ravetti (Paraguay), Eduardo Praselj
(Venezuela) and E. V. R. Sastry (India).

     The Council postponed to a future session the election of six
experts from African States, one expert from Asian States, three
experts from Eastern European States, two experts from Latin American
and Caribbean States and two experts from Western European and other
States for a term beginning on 1 January 1997.

     Since the membership was not complete, the Council did not draw
lots to determine the terms of office.


             COMMISSION ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

     The Council further postponed the election of two members from
Western European and other States for a term beginning on the date of
election.


                                 Confirmations

2.   Also at its 50th plenary meeting, on 25 July 1996, the Council
confirmed the nominations by their Governments of the following
representatives on functional commissions of the Council:  4/


                   COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

          Robert Louis CLIQUET                           (Belgium)

          Elina VISURI                                   (Finland)

          Charlotte H™HN                                 (Germany)

          Joseph CASSAR                                  (Malta)

          Ram Hari ARYAL                                 (Nepal)

          Jotham MUSINGUZI                               (Uganda)


                       COMMISSION FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

          Aino-Inkeri HANSSON                            (Finland)

          WANG Xeuxian                                   (China)

          Shaheed RAJIE                                  (South Africa)


                       COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

          Ana FRANGOUDAKI                                (Greece)

          Makiko ARIMA-SAKAI                             (Japan)

          Karin STOLTENBERG                              (Norway)


                  COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL
                                    JUSTICE

          Ferdinand MAYRHOFER-GRUENBUEHEL                (Austria)

          Yuki FURUTA                                    (Japan)

          Stanley K. NDLOVU                              (Swaziland)


                          COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

          WU Jianmin                                     (China)


                                     Notes

1/        The other fifteen members of the Board were elected by the
Council at its resumed substantive session of 1995 (see decision
1995/326).

2/        See E/1996/3.

3/        The other fifteen new members of the Commission were elected
by the Council at its organizational session for 1996 (see decision
1996/201).

4/        See E/1996/3/Add.1.


                                  Chapter VII

                            ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS


1.   The Council held its organizational session for 1996 at United
Nations Headquarters on 25 January and 9 February 1996 (1st and 2nd
meetings), a resumed organizational session at United Nations
Headquarters on 2 April and 2 and 3 May 1996 (3rd to 7th meetings) and
its substantive session at United Nations Headquarters from 24 June to
26 July 1996 (8th to 52nd meetings).  An account of the proceedings is
contained in the summary records (E/1996/SR.1-52).


                        A.  Action taken by the Council

2.   At its organizational session for 1996, the Council adopted 13
decisions on organizational matters.


                                   Decisions

1996/202.  High-level segment of the Economic and Social
           Council of 1996                              

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, recalling General Assembly resolutions 47/92 of
16 December 1992 and 48/162 of 20 December 1993, decided that the
high-level segment of the Economic and Social Council of 1996 should
be devoted to the consideration of the following major theme: 
"International cooperation against the illicit production, sale,
demand, traffic and distribution of narcotics and psychotropic
substances and related activities".


     1996/203.  Provisional agenda for the substantive session
                of 1996 of the Economic and Social Council    

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, having considered the proposed basic programme of work
for 1996 and 1997,  1/ approved the following provisional agenda
for its substantive session of 1996:

     1.   Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

     High-level segment

     2.   International cooperation against the illicit production,
          sale, demand, traffic and distribution of narcotics and
          psychotropic substances and related activities.

     Coordination segment

     3.   Coordination of the policies and activities of the
          specialized agencies and other bodies of the United Nations
          system related to the following themes:

          (a)  Coordination of the United Nations system activities for
               poverty eradication;

          (b)  Implementation of the agreed conclusions on the theme of
               the 1995 coordination segment of the Council.

     Operational activities of the United Nations for international
     development cooperation segment

     4.   Operational activities of the United Nations for
          international development cooperation: 

          (a)  Follow-up to policy recommendations of the General
               Assembly;

          (b)  Coordination of activities on a system-wide basis: 
               strengthening collaboration between the United Nations
               development system and the Bretton Woods institutions in
               the areas of social and economic development at all
               levels, including the field level;

          (c)  Consideration of the reports of the Executive Boards of
               the United Nations Development Programme/United Nations
               Population Fund, the United Nations Children's Fund and
               the World Food Programme.

     General segment

     5.   Social, humanitarian and human rights questions:  reports of
          subsidiary bodies, conferences and related questions:

          (a)  Special economic, humanitarian and disaster relief
               assistance;

          (b)  Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Third
               Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination;

          (c)  Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
               Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the
               specialized agencies and the international institutions
               associated with the United Nations;

          (d)  Human rights questions;

          (e)  Advancement of women;

          (f)  Social development questions;

          (g)  Crime prevention and criminal justice;

          (h)  Narcotic drugs;

          (i)  United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

     6.   Economic and environmental questions:  reports of subsidiary
          bodies, conferences and related questions:

          (a)  Sustainable development;

          (b)  Trade and development;

          (c)  Food and agricultural development;

          (d)  Natural resources;

          (e)  Energy;

          (f)  Cultural development;

          (g)  Population questions;

          (h)  International cooperation in tax matters;

          (i)  International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction;

          (j)  Public administration and development;

          (k)  Follow-up to General Assembly resolution 50/106: 
               business and development. 

     7.   Regional cooperation in the economic, social and related
          fields.

     8.   Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied
          Palestinian and other Arab territories.

     9.   Coordination questions:

          (a)  Reports of the coordination bodies;

          (b)  International cooperation in the field of informatics;

          (c)  Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
               Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency
               Syndrome.

    10.   Non-governmental organizations.

    11.   Programme and related questions in the economic, social and
          related fields.

    12.   New and innovative ideas for generating funds.  2/


              1996/204.  Basic programme of work of the Economic
                         and Social Council for 1997            

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the following list of questions for
inclusion in the programme of work for 1997:


                            A.  High-level segment

[Item/items to be selected]

World Economic and Social Survey, 1996


                           B.  Coordination segment

Coordination of the policies and activities of the specialized
agencies and other bodies of the United Nations system related to the
following themes  (General Assembly resolution 45/264):

     (a)  [Theme/themes to be selected]

     (b)  Implementation of the agreed conclusions on the themes of the
          1996 coordination segment of the Council


C.  Operational activities of the United Nations for
    international development cooperation segment   

[Theme/themes to be selected]

Operational activities of the United Nations for international
development cooperation:

Report of the Secretary-General (General Assembly resolution 50/120)

     (a)  Follow-up to policy recommendations of the General Assembly

     (b)  Coordination of activities on a system-wide basis

     (c)  Consideration of the reports of the Executive Boards of the
          United Nations Development Programme/United Nations
          Population Fund, the United Nations Children's Fund and the
          World Food Programme

          Report of the Executive Board of the United Nations
          Development Programme/United Nations Population Fund (General
          Assembly resolution 48/162)

          Report of the Executive Board of the United Nations
          Children's Fund (General Assembly resolutions 802 (VIII) and
          48/162)

          Report of the Executive Board of the World Food Programme
          (General Assembly resolutions 3404 (XXX) and 50/8)

     (d)  Economic and technical cooperation among developing countries

          Report of the High-level Committee on the Review of Technical
          Cooperation among Developing Countries (General Assembly
          resolution 33/134)  3/ 


                              D.  General segment

Social, humanitarian and human rights questions:  reports of
subsidiary bodies, conferences and related questions:

     (a)  Special economic, humanitarian and disaster relief assistance

          Report of the Secretary-General on the coordination of
          humanitarian emergency assistance of the United Nations
          (General Assembly resolution 46/182, annex) 3/

          Oral reports on special programmes of economic and
          humanitarian assistance

     (b)  Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Third
          Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination

          Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
          Programme of Action for the Third Decade to Combat Racism and
          Racial Discrimination (General Assembly resolution 49/146)

     (c)  Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
          Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the
          specialized agencies and the international institutions
          associated with the United Nations

          Report of the Secretary-General on assistance to the
          Palestinian people (Council resolution 2100 (LXIII)) 3/

     (d)  Human rights questions

          Report of the Human Rights Committee (article 45 of the
          International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights) 3/

          Report of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural
          Rights (Council resolutions 1988 (LX), 1985/17 and 1995/39)

          Report of the Commission on Human Rights (Council resolutions
          5 (I) and 9 (II)) 

          Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
          Rights (General Assembly resolution 48/141)

          Documentation for information

          Reports submitted by States parties to the International
          Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and by the
          specialized agencies

     (e)  Advancement of women

          Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
          against Women (article 21 of the Convention on the
          Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women) 3/

          Report of the Commission on the Status of Women on its forty-
          first session (Council resolutions 11 (II) and 1147 (LXI))

          Report of the Board of Trustees of the International Research
          and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (Council
          resolution 1998 (LX))

          Report of the Secretary-General on the system-wide
          coordination of activities to advance the status of women and
          to integrate women in development (Council resolution
          1989/105)

          Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of
          General Assembly resolution 50/165 on the improvement of the
          situation of women in rural areas 3/  

          Report of the Secretary-General on the follow-up to the
          Fourth World Conference on Women and full implementation of
          the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (General
          Assembly resolution 50/203) 3/

     (f)  Social development questions

          Report of the Secretary-General on the world social situation
          (General Assembly resolution 44/56) 3/

          Report of the Commission for Social Development on its
          thirty-fifth session (Council resolution 10 (II))

          Report of the Secretary-General on progress made in the
          implementation of the World Programme of Action for Youth to
          the Year 2000 and Beyond (General Assembly resolution 50/81) 3/

          Report of the Secretary-General on progress made on the
          follow-up to the International Year of the Family (General
          Assembly resolution 50/142) 3/

          Report of the Secretary-General on the process of
          implementation of the objectives of education for all
          (General Assembly resolution 50/143) 3/

     (g)  Crime prevention and criminal justice

          Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
          Justice on its sixth session (Council resolution 1992/1)

     (h)  Narcotic drugs

          Report of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs on its fortieth
          session (Council resolution 9 (I))

          Summary of the report of the International Narcotics Control
          Board (article 15 of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs,
          1961, article 18 of the Convention on Psychotropic
          Substances, 1971 and article 23 of the 1988 United Nations
          Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
          Psychotropic Substances)

     (i)  United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

          Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 3/

Economic and environmental questions:  reports of subsidiary bodies,
conferences and related questions:

Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Council
resolution 1995/53 on consumer protection

Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the Director-
General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
on the outcome of the World Food Summit (General Assembly resolution
50/109) 3/

     (a)  Sustainable development

          Report of the Commission on Sustainable Development on its
          fifth session (Council decision 1993/207) 

     (b)  Trade and development

          Report of the Trade and Development Board (General Assembly
          resolution 1995 (XIX)) 3/

          Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the
          Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade
          and Development on trade and environmental matters (General
          Assembly resolution 50/95)

     (c)  Science and technology for development

          Report of the Commission on Science and Technology for
          Development on its third session (Council decision 1992/218)

     (d)  Population questions

          Report of the Commission on Population and Development on its
          thirtieth session (Council resolutions 150 (VII) and 1986/7,
          General Assembly resolution 49/128 and Council decision
          1995/209)

     (e)  Human settlements

          Report of the Commission on Human Settlements, including the
          report of the Commission on progress made in the
          implementation of the Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year
          2000 (General Assembly resolutions 32/162 and 43/181) 3/

     (f)  Environment

          Report of the Governing Council of the United Nations
          Environment Programme (General Assembly resolution 2997
          (XXVII) 3/

     (g)  Desertification and drought

          Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
          resolutions on the Plan of Action to Combat Desertification
          in the Sudano-Sahelian region and of the medium-term and
          long-term recovery and rehabilitation programme in the
          Sudano-Sahelian region (General Assembly resolutions 32/172
          and 40/209 and Council resolution 1978/37) 3/

     (h)  Transport of dangerous goods

          Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Committee
          of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (Council
          resolutions 724 C (XXVIII), 1488 (XLVIII), 1983/7 and 1995/5)
          
     (i)  Cartography

          Report of the Secretary-General on the Fourteenth United
          Nations Regional Cartographic Conference for Asia and the
          Pacific (Council decision 1994/228)

          Report of the Secretary-General on the Sixth United Nations
          Regional  Cartographic Conference for the Americas (Council
          decision 1993/225)

     (j)  International cooperation in tax matters

          Report of the Secretary-General on the progress of the work
          of the Ad Hoc Group of Experts on International Cooperation
          in Tax Matters (Council resolutions 1273 (XLIII) and 1765
          (LIV))

     (k)  Women in development

          Report of the Secretary-General on the effective mobilization
          and integration of women in development (General Assembly
          resolution 42/178) 3/

          Report of the Commission on the Status of Women on its forty-
          first session

     (l)  Prevention and control of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
          (AIDS)

          Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the
          Director-General of the World Health Organization on the
          prevention and control of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
          (AIDS) (Council resolution 1993/51) 3/

     (m)  Statistics

          Report of the Statistical Commission (Council resolutions 8
          (I), 8 (II) and 1566 (L))

Regional cooperation in the economic, social and related fields

Report of the Secretary-General on regional cooperation (Council
decision 1979/1), including the report of the Secretary-General on a
subject relating to interregional cooperation of common interest to
all regions (Council resolution 1982/50 and decision 1982/174)

Summaries of the surveys of economic conditions in the five regions,
prepared by the regional commissions (Council resolution 1724 (LIII))

Note by the Secretary-General on a Europe-Africa permanent link
through the Strait of Gibraltar (Council resolution 1995/48)

Coordination questions:

     (a)  Reports of the coordination bodies

          Report of the Committee for Programme and Coordination on its
          thirty-seventh session (Council resolution 2008 (LX))

          Annual overview report of the Administrative Committee on
          Coordination for 1997, including the report of the
          Administrative Committee on Coordination on expenditures of
          the United Nations system in relation to programmes (Council
          resolution 13 (III) and decision 1980/103)
     
     (b)  Multisectoral collaboration on tobacco or health

          Report of the Secretary-General on progress made by the
          United Nations system focal point in the implementation of
          multisectoral collaboration on tobacco or health (Council
          resolution 1995/62)

Non-governmental organizations

Report of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations (Council
resolutions 3 (II) and 1296 (XLIV) and decision 1995/304)

United Nations University

Report of the Council of the United Nations University for 1996  4/

Programme and related questions in the economic, social and related
fields

Proposed programme budget for the biennium 1998-1999

Calendar of conferences in the economic, social and related fields for
the biennium 1998-1999


        1996/205.  Consideration of reports of intergovernmental bodies

                 A.  Report of the Trade and Development Board

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided to authorize the Secretary-General to transmit
directly to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session the report
of the Trade and Development Board on the second part of its forty-
second session.


          B.  Report of the Council of the United Nations University

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided to authorize the Secretary-General to transmit
directly to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session the report
of the Council of the United Nations University.


               1996/206.  World Decade for Cultural Development

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of the letter dated 9 August 1995 from the
Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization to the Secretary-General of the United Nations,  5/
decided to postpone to its substantive session of 1997
consideration of the biennial progress report of the Secretary-General
and the Director-General on the implementation of the goals and
objectives of the World Decade for Cultural Development.


            1996/207.  Dates of the third session of the Committee
                       on Natural Resources                       

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided that the third session of the Committee on
Natural Resources, which was to have been held at Headquarters from
4 to 15 March 1996, would be held from 6 to 17 May 1996.


         1996/208.  Participation of non-governmental organizations at
                    the 1996 sessions of the Commission on the Status 
                    of Women and the Commission for Social Development

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council:

     (a)  Decided to invite, on an exceptional basis and without
prejudice to the outcome of the review of arrangements for
consultations with non-governmental organizations currently under way,
all non-governmental organizations that had been accredited to
participate in the Fourth World Conference on Women and the World
Summit for Social Development and were not in consultative status with
the Council to participate, respectively, at the fortieth session of
the Commission on the Status of Women and the special session of the
Commission for Social Development; those non-governmental
organizations should be accorded rights of participation equivalent to
those of non-governmental organizations with Roster status, but the
according of such rights would in no way confer on those
non-governmental organizations Roster or any other consultative status
with the Council and its subsidiary bodies; 

     (b)  Also decided that the participation of non-governmental
organizations from developing countries should be encouraged and
facilitated, in particular through adequate funding from appropriate
voluntary national and international sources.


             1996/209.  Dates of the 1996 session of the Committee
                        on Non-Governmental Organizations         

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided that the 1996 session of the Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations, which was to have been held at
Headquarters from 6 to 17 May 1996, would be held at Headquarters from
13 to 17 May and from 26 to 30 August 1996.


           1996/210.  New and innovative ideas for generating funds

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, taking note of the letter dated 6 February 1996 from
the Acting Permanent Representative of Australia to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General,  6/ decided to include in the
provisional agenda of its substantive session of 1996 an item entitled
"New and innovative ideas for generating funds".


          1996/211.  Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme
                     on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired       
                     Immunodeficiency Syndrome                      

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided to postpone to its substantive session of 1996
consideration of the report of the Executive Director of the Joint and
Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency
Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) requested by the
Council in its resolution 1995/2 of 3 July 1995.


          1996/212.  Enlargement of the membership of the Executive  
                     Committee of the Programme of the United Nations
                     High Commissioner for Refugees                  

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, recalling General Assembly resolution 1166 (XII) of 26
November 1957, in which the Assembly provided for the establishment of
an Executive Committee of the Programme of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees, as well as Assembly resolutions 1958
(XVIII) of 12 December 1963, 2294 (XXII) of 11 December 1967, 36/121 D
of 10 December 1981, 42/130 of 7 December 1987, 45/138 of 14 December
1990, 48/115 of 20 December 1993 and 49/171 of 23 December 1994, in
which the Assembly provided for subsequent increases in the membership
of the Executive Committee, took note of the request regarding the
enlargement of the Executive Committee contained in the letter dated
23 November 1995 from the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ireland to
the Secretary-General,  7/ and recommended that the Assembly take
a decision at its fiftieth session on the question of increasing the
membership of the Executive Committee from fifty to fifty-one States.


            1996/213.  Options for resource policies and long-term
                       financing of the World Food Programme      

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the note by the Secretary-General  8/
concerning options for resource policies and long-term financing of
the World Food Programme.


                        1996/214.  Regional cooperation

     At its 2nd plenary meeting, on 9 February 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided to consider at its substantive session of 1996,
under the item entitled "Regional cooperation in the economic, social
and related fields", in pursuance of Council resolution 1982/50 of
28 July 1982 and taking into account the joint recommendation made by
the executive secretaries of the regional commissions pursuant to
Council decision 1982/174 of 30 July 1982, the question of "Trends in
regional economic and social cooperation, including trade issues and
the work of the regional commissions in this regard".

3.   At its resumed organizational session for 1996, the Council
adopted eight decisions on organizational matters.


                                   Decisions

               1996/215.  Public administration and development

     At its 3rd plenary meeting, on 2 April 1996, the Economic and
Social Council took note of the report of the Group of Experts on
Public Administration and Finance on its twelfth meeting  9/ and
the report of the Secretary-General on public administration and
development  10/ and decided to transmit them to the General
Assembly at its resumed fiftieth session for further consideration.


           1996/216.  Applications for consultative status received from
                      non-governmental organizations

     At its 4th plenary meeting, on 2 May 1996, the Economic and Social
Council decided to grant the following non-governmental organizations
consultative status:

                                  Category II

     ISIS International (Chile)
     ISIS International Women's Information and Communication Service


               1996/217.  Review of quadrennial reports submitted by
                          non-governmental organizations in
                          consultative status with the Economic and
                          Social Council, categories I and II

     At its 4th plenary meeting, on 2 May 1996, the Economic and Social
Council decided that, pursuant to the provisions of paragraph 40 (b)
of Council resolution 1296 (XLIV) of 23 May 1968, the consultative
status of the following 12 organizations, which had failed to submit a
detailed report on their activities for the period 1988-1991, as
requested by the Committee in 1993,  11/ be withdrawn:

     Africa Institute of Private International Law
     Africa Union of Architects
     Association de coope'ration internationale au de'veloppement-
     Organisation pour la recherche applique'e au de'veloppement
     Balkan-ji-Bari International
     Geneva Informal Meeting of International Youth NGOs (GIM)
     International Federation of Landscape Architects
     International New Towns Association
     International Study Center for Children and Families
     Latin American Association of Development Organizations
     Latin American Council of Catholic Women
     Pan-American Federation of Engineering Societies
     World Federation of Development Financing Institutions


          1996/218.  Applications from organizations of indigenous people
                     not in consultative status with the Economic and
                     Social Council for participation in the open-ended
                     inter-sessional Working Group of the Commission on
                     Human Rights to elaborate a draft declaration on
                     the rights of indigenous peoples

     At its 4th plenary meeting, on 2 May 1996, the Economic and Social
Council decided to approve the participation of the following 12
organizations of indigenous people not in consultative status with the
Council in the open-ended inter-sessional Working Group of the
Commission on Human Rights, whose establishment was authorized by the
Council in resolution 1995/32 of 25 July 1995:

     Asociacio'n Socio-Econo'mico de Productores Indi'genas del
     Tawantinsuyu "ASEPIITA" (Bolivia)
     Centro Cultural de Jo'venes Aymaras de Larecaja (Bolivia)
     Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Campaign (India)
     Confederacio'n Indi'gena del Oriente, Chaco y Amazoni'a de Bolivia
     (Bolivia)
     Confederacio'n Sindical Unica de Trabajadores Campesinos de
     Bolivia (Bolivia)
     Indian Confederation of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples (India)
     Innu Nation and Mamit Innuat (Canada)
     Lumad Mindanaw Peoples Federation (Philippines)
     Movimi'ento Indio "Tupaj Katari" (Bolivia)
     Movimi'ento Revolucionario Tupac-Katary de Liberacio'n (Bolivia)
     New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council (Australia)
     Tribal Communities Association of the Philippines (Philippines)


         1996/219.  Provisional agenda for the session of the Committee on
                    Non-Governmental Organizations to be held in 1996

     At its 4th plenary meeting, on 2 May 1996, the Economic and Social
Council approved the provisional agenda set out below for the session
of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations to be held in 1996.


            PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE SESSION OF THE COMMITTEE ON
               NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS TO BE HELD IN 1996

     1.   Election of officers.

     2.   Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

     3.   Applications for consultative status and requests for
          reclassification received from non-governmental
          organizations:

          (a)  Applications for consultative status referred back to the
               Committee by the Economic and Social Council or deferred
               by the Committee at its 1995 session;

          (b)  New applications for consultative status.

     4.   Review of quadrennial reports submitted by non-governmental
          organizations in consultative status with the Economic and
          Social Council, categories I and II.

     5.   Implementation of Economic and Social Council resolution
          1995/304:

          (a)  Review of arrangements for consultation with non-
               governmental organizations;

          (b)  Review of methods of work of the Committee.

     6.   Adoption of the report of the Committee.


            1996/220.  World Commission on Culture and Development

     At its 4th plenary meeting, on 2 May 1996, the Economic and Social
Council, recalling General Assembly resolution 46/158 of
19 December 1991 and taking note of the letter dated 16 April 1996
from the Director-General of the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization to the Secretary-General of the
United Nations,  12/ decided to transmit to the General Assembly
for consideration at its fifty-first session the report of the World
Commission on Culture and Development entitled Our Creative Diversity.


        1996/221.  Enlargement of the membership of the Executive Committee
                   of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner
                   for Refugees

     At its 4th plenary meeting, on 2 May 1996, the Economic and Social
Council, recalling General Assembly resolution 1166 (XII) of
26 November 1957, in which the Assembly provided for the establishment
of an Executive Committee of the Programme of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees, as well as Assembly resolutions
1958 (XVIII) of 12 December 1963, 2294 (XXII) of 11 December 1967,
36/121 D of 10 December 1981, 42/130 of 7 December 1987, 45/138 of
14 December 1990, 48/115 of 20 December 1993 and 49/171 of
23 December 1994, in which the Assembly provided for subsequent
increases in the membership of the Executive Committee, took note of
the request regarding the enlargement of the Executive Committee
contained in the note verbale dated 11 April 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of Poland to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General  13/ and the note verbale dated 12 April 1996
from the Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United
Nations addressed to the Secretary-General,  14/ and recommended
that the Assembly take a decision at its fifty-first session on the
question of increasing the membership of the Executive Committee.


           1996/223.  Accreditation of non-governmental organizations to
                      the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
                      (Habitat II)

     At its 6th plenary meeting, on 3 May 1996, the Economic and Social
Council, pursuant to General Assembly decision 50/477 of 3 April 1996,
decided not to accredit to the United Nations Conference on Human
Settlements (Habitat II) the following three non-governmental
organizations:  Taiwan International Alliance, Canada Tibet Committee
and Tibetan Rights Campaign.  15/

4.   At its substantive session of 1996, the Council adopted three
decisions on organizational matters.


                                   Decisions

1996/224.  Adoption of the agenda of the substantive session
           of 1996 of the Economic and Social Council and   
           other organizational matters                     

1.   At its 8th plenary meeting, on 24 June 1996, the Economic and
Social Council adopted the agenda of its substantive session of 1996  16/
and approved the organization of work of the session.  17/

2.   At its 20th plenary meeting, on 2 July 1996, the Council approved
the requests made by non-governmental organizations to be heard by the
Council at its substantive session of 1996.  18/


1996/225.  Participation of intergovernmental organizations
           in the work of the Economic and Social Council  

     At its 8th plenary meeting, on 24 June 1996, the Economic and
Social Council, having considered the application of the Union of
Economic and Social Councils of Africa, decided, in accordance with
rule 79 of the rules of procedure of the Council, that the
organization might participate on a continuing basis, without the
right to vote, in the deliberations of the Council on questions within
the scope of its activities.


1996/300.  Resumption of the substantive session of 1996
           of the Economic and Social Council           

     At its 52nd plenary meeting, on 26 July 1996, the Economic and
Social Council decided to resume its substantive session of 1996 later
in the year at a date to be determined.


                                B.  Proceedings

                            ORGANIZATIONAL SESSION

5.   The 1st meeting was opened by the President of the Economic and
Social Council for 1995, Mr. Ahmad Kamal (Pakistan).  Upon election,
the President of the Council for 1996, Mr. Jean-Marie Kacou Gervais
(Co^te d'Ivoire), made a statement.


                           1.  Bureau of the Council

6.   Pursuant to paragraph 2 (k) of its resolution 1988/77, the Council
met on 25 January for the purpose of electing its Bureau.

7.   At the 1st meeting, on 25 January, the Council elected, by
acclamation, Mr. Jean-Marie Kacou Gervais (Co^te d'Ivoire) President
of the Council for 1996.  The Council also elected, by acclamation,
Mr. Karel Kovanda (Czech Republic), Mr. Emilio J. Ca'rdenas
(Argentina), Mr. Gerhard Walter Henze (Germany) and Mr. Samir Moubarak
(Lebanon) Vice-Presidents of the Council.

8.   At the 8th meeting, on 24 June, the Council was informed that
Mr. Carlos Dante Riva (Argentina) would replace Mr. Emilio J.
Ca'rdenas as Vice-President.


       2.  Agenda of the organizational session for 1996 of the Council

9.   The Council considered the agenda of its organizational session at
the 1st meeting, on 25 January.  It had before it the annotated
provisional agenda (E/1996/2).

10.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the agenda of the
organizational session (see annex I in part III of the present
report).


                  3.  Basic programme of work of the Council

11.  The Council considered its basic programme of work for 1996 and
1997 at the 2nd meeting, on 9 February.  It had before it a note by
the Secretary-General containing the basic programme of work for 1996
and 1997 (E/1996/1 and Add.1) and the draft proposals thereon
submitted by the President and members of the Bureau (E/1996/L.1 and
Add.1).

12.  At the same meeting, the President made a statement on the
informal consultations held on the basic programme of work for 1996
and 1997.  The Council then took the following action.

High-level segment of the Economic and Social Council of 1996

13.  The Council adopted a draft decision (E/1996/L.1, draft decision
I) entitled "High-level segment of the Economic and Social Council of
1996".  See Council decision 1996/202 (para. 2 above).

14.  After the draft decision was adopted, the observer for Mexico made
a statement.

Provisional agenda for the substantive session of 1996 of the Economic
and Social Council

15.  The Council considered a draft decision (E/1996/L.1, draft
decision II) entitled "Provisional agenda for the substantive session
of 1996 of the Economic and Social Council".  The draft decision was
revised on the proposal of the President.  The Council then adopted
the draft decision as revised.  See Council decision 1996/203 (para. 2
above).

16.  Before the draft decision was adopted, the observer for Italy made
a statement on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that
are members of the European Union.  After the draft decision was
adopted, the representative of Costa Rica made a statement on behalf
of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
Group of 77 and China.

Basic programme of work of the Economic and Social Council for 1997

17.  The Council adopted a draft decision (E/1996/L.1, draft decision
III) entitled "Basic programme of work of the Economic and Social
Council for 1997".  See Council decision 1996/204 (para. 2 above).

Consideration of reports of intergovernmental bodies

18.  The Council adopted a draft decision (E/1996/L.1, draft decision
IV) entitled "Consideration of reports of intergovernmental bodies". 
See Council decision 1996/205 (para. 2 above).

World Decade for Cultural Development

19.  The Council adopted a draft decision (E/1996/L.1, draft decision
V) entitled "World Decade for Cultural Development".  See Council
decision 1996/206 (para. 2 above).


Dates of the third session of the Committee on Natural Resources

20.  The Council adopted a draft decision (E/1996/L.1, draft decision
VI) entitled "Dates of the third session of the Committee on Natural
Resources".  See Council decision 1996/207 (para. 2 above).

Participation of non-governmental organizations at the 1996 sessions
of the Commission on the Status of Women and the Commission for Social
Development

21.  The Council adopted a draft decision (E/1996/L.1/Add.1, draft
decision VII) entitled "Participation of non-governmental
organizations at the 1996 sessions of the Commission on the Status of
Women and the Commission for Social Development".  See Council
decision 1996/208, (para. 2 above).

Dates of the 1996 session of the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations

22.  The Council adopted a draft decision (E/1996/L.1/Add.1, draft
decision VIII) entitled "Dates of the 1996 session of the Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations".  See Council decision 1996/209 (para.
2 above).

New and innovative ideas for generating funds

23.  The Council adopted a draft decision (E/1996/L.1/Add.1, draft
decision IX) entitled "New and innovative ideas for generating funds". 
See Council decision 1996/210 (para. 2 above).

24.  Before the draft decision was adopted, statements were made by the
representatives of Costa Rica (on behalf of the States Members of the
United Nations that are members of the Group of 77 and of China), the
United States of America and the observer for Italy on behalf of the
States Members of the United Nations that are members of the European
Union.  After the draft decision was adopted, the representative of
Australia made a statement.


           4.  Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
               Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

25.  At the 2nd meeting, on 9 February, the Council adopted a draft
decision (E/1996/L.2) entitled "Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations
Programme on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency
Syndrome" which was submitted by the President of the Council and
members of the Bureau.  See Council decision 1996/211 (para. 2 above).


5.  Increase in the membership of the Executive
    Committee of the Programme of the United   
    Nation High Commissioner for Refugees      

26.  At the 2nd meeting, on 9 February, the Council had before it a
letter dated 23 November 1995 from the Minister for Foreign Affairs of
Ireland to the Secretary-General (E/1996/5).

27.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted a draft decision
(E/1996/L.3) entitled "Enlargement of the membership of the Executive
Committee of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees", which was submitted by the President of the Council and
members of the Bureau.  See Council decision 1996/212 (para. 2 above).

6.  Transformation of the Committee on Food Aid
    Policies and Programmes into the Executive 
    Board of the World Food Programme          

28.  At the 2nd meeting, on 9 February, the Council decided to take
note of the note by the Secretary-General concerning options for
resource policies and long-term financing of the World Food Programme
(E/1995/131 and Add.1).  See Council decision 1996/213 (para. 2
above).


7.  Regional cooperation in the economic, social
    and related fields                          

29.  At the 2nd meeting, on 9 February, the Council adopted a draft
decision (E/1996/L.4) entitled "Regional cooperation", which was
submitted by the President of the Council and members of the Bureau. 
See Council decision 1996/214 (para. 2 above).

30.  After the draft decision was adopted, the observer for Italy made
a statement on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that
are members of the European Union.


                        RESUMED ORGANIZATIONAL SESSION

                   8.  Public administration and development

31.  At the 3rd meeting, on 2 April, the Council had before it the
report of the Group of Experts on the United Nations Programme on
Public Administration and Finance on its twelfth meeting (A/50/525-
E/1995/122) and the report of the Secretary-General on public
administration and development (A/50/847-E/1996/7). 

32.  Statements were made by the observers for Italy (on behalf of the
States Members of the United Nations that are members of the European
Union) and Morocco.

33.  At the same meeting, the Council took note of the reports and
decided to transmit them to the General Assembly at its resumed
fiftieth session for further consideration.  See Council decision
1996/215 (para. 3 above).


9.  Report of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations
    on its resumed 1995 session                              

34.  At the 4th meeting, on 2 May, the Council had before it the report
of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations on its resumed 1995
session (E/1996/17).  The Council adopted draft decisions I to IV as
contained in the report.  See Council decisions 1996/216 to 1996/219
(para. 3 above).


               10.  World Commission on Culture and Development

35.  At the 4th meeting, on 2 May, the Council had before it a letter
dated 16 April 1996 from the Director-General of the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to the Secretary-
General of the United Nations (E/1996/41).

36.  At the same meeting, the Council took note of the letter and
decided to transmit to the General Assembly for consideration at its
fifty-first session the report of the World Commission on Culture and
Development, entitled Our Creative Diversity.  See Council decision
1996/220 (para. 3 above).


11.  Enlargement of the membership of the Executive Committee
     of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner
     for Refugees                                            

37.  At the 4th meeting, on 2 May, the Council had before it a note
verbale dated 11 April 1996 from the Permanent Representative of
Poland to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
(E/1996/20) and a note verbale dated 12 April 1996 from the Permanent
Representative of South Africa to the United Nations addressed to the
Secretary-General (E/1996/21).

38.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted a draft decision
(E/1996/L.14) entitled "Enlargement of the membership of the Executive
Committee of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees", which was submitted by the President of the Council and
members of the Bureau.  See Council decision 1996/221 (para. 3 above).

39.  After the draft decision was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement.


12.  Accreditation of non-governmental organizations
     to the United Nations Conference on Human      
     Settlements (Habitat II)                       

40.  At the 4th meeting, on 2 May, the Council had before it a list of
non-governmental organizations that had not been recommended for
accreditation to the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
(Habitat II) (A/CONF.165/PC.3/2/Add.4 and Corr.1, annex II).  In its
decision 50/477 of 3 April 1996, the General Assembly had authorized
the Council to decide on the question of the accreditation of those
non-governmental organizations.

41.  At the 6th meeting, on 3 May, the Vice-President of the Council,
Mr. Karl Kovanda (Czech Republic), reported on the consultations he
had conducted on the question.

42.  At the same meeting, statements were made by the representatives
of the United States of America, China, Australia, Canada, the Sudan
and Ghana and by the observer for Italy on behalf of the States
Members of the United Nations that are members of the European Union.

43.  Also at the same meeting, the Council took the following action:

     (a)  It decided not to accredit the following non-governmental
organizations:  Taiwan International Alliance and Canada Tibet
Committee;

     (b)  It decided, by a vote of 21 to 15, with 16 abstentions, not
to accredit the following non-governmental organization:  Tibetan
Rights Campaign.

See Council decision 1996/223 (para. 3 above).


                              SUBSTANTIVE SESSION

         13.  Agenda of the substantive session of 1996 of the Council

44.  At the 8th meeting, on 24 June, the Council considered the agenda
and organization of work of its substantive session of 1996.  It had
before it the following documents:

     (a)  Annotated provisional agenda (E/1996/100);

     (b)  Proposed programme of work for the substantive session of
1996 (E/1996/L.16);

     (c)  Note by the Secretariat on the status of documentation for
the session (E/1996/L.17).

45.  At the same meeting, the Council adopted the agenda of the
substantive session (see annex I in part III of the present report)
and approved the organization of work of the session.  See paragraph 1
of Council decision 1996/224 (para. 4 above).


14.  Participation of intergovernmental organizations in the
     work of the Economic and Social Council                

46.  At the 8th meeting, on 24 June, the Council decided, in accordance
with rule 79 of the rules of procedure of the Council, that the Union
of Economic and Social Councils of Africa, an intergovernmental
organization, might participate on a continuing basis, without the
right to vote, in the deliberations of the Council on questions within
the scope of its activities.  See Council decision 1996/225
(para. 4 above).


         15.  Requests by non-governmental organizations for hearings

47.  At the 20th meeting, on 2 July, on the recommendation of the
Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations (E/1996/78), the Council
approved requests made by non-governmental organizations to be heard
by the Council at its substantive session of 1996.  See paragraph 2 of
Council decision 1996/224 (para. 4 above).


       16.  Resumption of the substantive session of 1996 of the Council

48.  At the 52nd meeting, on 26 July, following a statement by the
Secretary of the Council in regard to the programme budget
implications of the decision and a question by the representative of
the United States of America, the Council decided to resume its
substantive session of 1996 later in the year.  See Council decision
1996/300 (para. 4 above).


                                     Notes

1/        E/1996/1 and Add.1.

2/        See Council decision 1996/210.

3/        Submitted to the General Assembly through the Council.

4/        Will be considered by the General Assembly in 1997.

5/        E/1996/6.

6/        E/1996/14.

7/        E/1996/5.

8/        E/1995/131 and Add.1.

9/        A/50/525-E/1995/122, annex.

10/       A/50/847-E/1996/7.

11/       E/1993/63, para. 32.

12/       E/1996/41.

13/       E/1996/20.

14/       E/1996/21.

15/       See A/CONF.165/PC.3/2/Add.4 and Corr.1, annex II.

16/       See E/1996/100.

17/       See E/1996/L.16.

18/       See E/1996/78.


       LIST OF RESOLUTIONS AND DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE COUNCIL IN 1996

                                  RESOLUTIONS

______________________________________________________________________________
Resolution                                       Date of     Chapter and Page
number                 Title                     adoption    section a/  
Page
______________________________________________________________________________
1996/1      Institutional arrangements for the    11 July 1996  V.B.1     126
            implementation of the Global
            Programme of Action for the
            Protection of the Marine
            Environment from Land-based
            Activities 

1996/2      Follow-up to the International        17 July 1996  V.B.6     143
            Conference on Population and
            Development 

1996/3      Amendment of the terms of reference
            of the Economic and Social
            Commission for Asia and the Pacific

            A.  Change of name of Hong Kong in    18 July 1996  V.C       156
            paragraphs 2 and 4 of the terms of
            reference of the Commission 

            B.  Admission of Palau as a full      18 July 1996  V.C       157
            member of the Commission 

            C.  Admission of Turkey as a member   18 July 1996  V.C       157
            of the Commission 

1996/4      New directions for the Economic       18 July 1996  V.C       157
            Commission for Africa 

1996/5      Palestinian women                     22 July 1996  V.A.5      40

1996/6      Follow-up to the Fourth World         22 July 1996  V.A.5      42
            Conference on Women 

1996/7      Follow-up to the World Summit for     22 July 1996  V.A.6      54
            Social Development and the future
            role of the Commission for Social
            Development 

1996/8      Action against corruption             23 July 1996  V.A.7      65

1996/9      United Nations declaration on crime   23 July 1996  V.A.7      68
            and public security 

1996/10     The role of criminal law in the       23 July 1996  V.A.7      72
            protection of the environment

1996/11     International cooperation and         23 July 1996  V.A.7      74
            assistance in the management of 
            the criminal justice system:
            computerization of criminal 
            justice operations and the
            development, analysis and policy
            use of crime and criminal
            justice information 

1996/12     Elimination of violence against       23 July 1996  V.A.7      80
            women 

1996/13     Administration of juvenile justice    23 July 1996  V.A.7      84

1996/14     Use and application of the            23 July 1996  V.A.7      86
            Declaration of Basic Principles of
            Justice for Victims of Crime and
            Abuse of Power 

1996/15     Safeguards guaranteeing protection    23 July 1996  V.A.7      87
            of the rights of those facing the
            death penalty 

1996/16     United Nations standards and norms    23 July 1996  V.A.7      90
            in crime prevention and criminal
            justice 

1996/17     Special session of the General        23 July 1996  V.A.8     105
            Assembly devoted to the combat
            against the illicit production, 
            sale, demand, traffic and
            distribution of narcotic drugs and
            psychotropic substances and related
            activities 

1996/18     Draft declaration on the guiding      23 July 1996  V.A.8     108
            principles of demand reduction 

1996/19     Demand for and supply of opiates      23 July 1996  V.A.8     109
            for medical and scientific needs 

1996/20     Strengthening of the role of the      23 July 1996  V.A.8     110
            International Narcotics Control
            Board and development of a unified
            information system for the
            collection and analysis of data
            concerning the nature, patterns and
            trends of the global problem of
            drug abuse 

1996/21     Question of human rights and states   23 July 1996  V.A.4      16
            of emergency 

1996/22     Question of a draft optional          23 July 1996  V.A.4      16
            protocol to the Convention against
            Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or
            Degrading Treatment or Punishment .

1996/23     Working Group of the Commission on    23 July 1996  V.A.4      17
            Human Rights to elaborate a draft
            declaration in accordance with
            paragraph 5 of General Assembly
            resolution 49/214 

1996/24     Protection of the heritage of         23 July 1996  V.A.4      17
            indigenous people 

1996/25     Question of a draft declaration on    23 July 1996  V.A.4      18
            the right and responsibility of
            individuals, groups and organs of
            society to promote and protect
            universally recognized human rights
            and fundamental freedoms 

1996/26     Measures to prevent illicit           24 July 1996  V.A.7      92
            international trafficking in 
            children and to establish
            penalties appropriate to such
            offences 

1996/27     Implementation of the Naples          24 July 1996  V.A.7      94
            Political Declaration and Global
            Action Plan against Organized
            Transnational Crime 

1996/28     Follow-up action on firearms          24 July 1996  V.A.7      97
            regulation for the purpose of
            crime prevention and public safety

1996/29     Action to strengthen international    24 July 1996  V.A.8     113
            cooperation to control precursors
            and their substitutes used in the
            illicit manufacture of controlled
            substances, in particular
            amphetamine-type stimulants, and
            to prevent their diversion 

1996/30     Measures to combat diversion of       24 July 1996  V.A.8     118
            psychotropic substances and to 
            establish effective control over
            operations carried out by
            intermediaries in international
            trade of psychotropic substances

1996/31     Consultative relationship between     25 July 1996  V.F       172
            the United Nations and 
            non-governmental organizations 

1996/32     Assistance for the reconstruction     25 July 1996  V.A.1       6
            and development of Lebanon 

1996/33     Strengthening of the coordination     25 July 1996  V.A.1       7
            of emergency humanitarian
            assistance of the United Nations 

1996/34     System-wide medium-term plan for      25 July 1996  V.A.5      47
            the advancement of women, 1996-2001 

1996/35     The need to harmonize and improve     25 July 1996  V.E.2     166
            United Nations informatics systems
            for optimal utilization and 
            accessibility by all States 

1996/36     Follow-up to the major international  26 July 1996  III.B b/
            United Nations conferences and
            summits, including the
            implementation of their respective
            programmes of action 

1996/37     Implementation of the Declaration     26 July 1996  V.A.3      11
            on the Granting of Independence to
            Colonial Countries and Peoples by 
            the specialized agencies and the 
            international institutions 
            associated with the United Nations 

1996/38     Follow-up to the International        26 July 1996  V.A.4      19
            Covenant on Economic, Social and
            Cultural Rights 

1996/39     International Research and Training   26 July 1996  V.A.5      49
            Institute for the Advancement of
            Women 

1996/40     Economic and social repercussions     26 July 1996  V.D       162
            of the Israeli settlements on the
            Palestinian people in the
            Palestinian territory, including
            Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and
            on the Arab population of the 
            occupied Syrian Golan 

1996/41     Follow-up to General Assembly         26 July 1996  III.B b/
            resolution 50/227:  initiation of
            reviews 

1996/42     Progress on the implementation of     26 July 1996  IV.A b/
            General Assembly resolution 50/120

1996/43     Strengthening collaboration between   26 July 1996  IV.B b/
            the United Nations development
            system and the Bretton Woods
            institutions 

1996/44     Coordination of the activities of     26 July 1996  V.B.5     139
            the organizations of the United
            Nations system in the field of
            energy 

1996/45     International Decade for Natural      26 July 1996  V.B.8     148
            Disaster Reduction 

1996/46     Regional cooperation in the           26 July 1996  V.C       159
            economic, social and related fields

1996/47     Report of the Joint and               26 July 1996  V.E.3     169
            Co-sponsored United Nations
            Programme on Human Immunodeficiency
            Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency
            Syndrome 

1996/48     New and innovative ideas for          26 July 1996  V.H       190
            generating funds 

1996/49     Integration of key minerals issues    25 July 1996  V.B.4     132
            into the implementation of Agenda 21 

1996/50     Integrated water resources            25 July 1996  V.B.4     133
            development and management 


                                   DECISIONS

______________________________________________________________________________
                                                              Chapter
Decision                                        Date of         and
 number                 Title                   adoption      section a/  Page
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1996/201    Elections to subsidiary bodies of     25 Jan.       VI        194
            the Economic and Social Council,      9 Feb. 1996
            nominations and confirmation of
            representatives on the functional
            commissions 

1996/202    High-level segment of the Economic    9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     205
            and Social Council of 1996 

1996/203    Provisional agenda for the            9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     205
            substantive session of 1996 of the
            Economic and Social Council 

1996/204    Basic programme of work of the        9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     207
            Economic and Social Council for
            1997 

1996/205    Consideration of reports of           9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     213
            intergovernmental bodies 

1996/206    World Decade for Cultural             9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     214
            Development 

1996/207    Dates of the third session of the     9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     214
            Committee on Natural Resources 

1996/208    Participation of non-governmental     9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     214
            organizations at the 1996 sessions
            of the Commission on the Status of
            Women and the Commission for Social
            Development 

1996/209    Dates of the 1996 session of the      9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     214
            Committee on Non-Governmental
            Organizations 

1996/210    New and innovative ideas for          9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     215
            generating funds 

1996/211    Joint and Co-sponsored United         9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     215
            Nations Programme on Human
            Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired
            Immunodeficiency Syndrome 

1996/212    Enlargement of the membership of the  9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     215
            Executive Committee of the Programme
            of the United Nations High
            Commissioner for Refugees 

1996/213    Options for resource policies and     9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     215
            long-term financing of the World
            Food Programme 

1996/214    Regional cooperation                  9 Feb. 1996   VII.A     216

1996/215    Public administration and             2 April 1996  VII.A     216
            development 

1996/216    Applications for consultative         2 May 1996    VII.A     216
            status received from
            non-governmental organizations 

1996/217    Review of quadrennial reports         2 May 1996    VII.A     216
            submitted by non-governmental
            organizations in consultative
            status with the Economic and
            Social Council, categories I and II

1996/218    Applications from organizations of    2 May 1996    VII.A     217
            indigenous people not in
            consultative status with the
            Economic and Social Council for
            participation in the open-ended
            inter-sessional Working Group of
            the Commission on Human Rights to
            elaborate a draft declaration on
            the rights of indigenous peoples 

1996/219    Provisional agenda for the session    2 May 1996    VII.A     218
            of the Committee on
            Non-Governmental Organizations
            to be held in 1996 

1996/220    World Commission on Culture and       2 May 1996    VII.A     218
            Development 

1996/221    Enlargement of the membership of      2 May 1996    VII.A     218
            the Executive Committee of the
            programme of the United Nations
            High Commissioner for Refugees 

1996/222    Elections and nominations             2 and         VI        197
                                                  3 May 1996

1996/223    Accreditation of non-governmental     3 May 1996    VII.A     219
            organizations to the United Nations
            Conference on Human Settlements
            (Habitat II) 

1996/224    Adoption of the agenda of the         24 June and   VII.A     219
            substantive session of 1996 of the    2 July 1996
            Economic and Social Council and
            other organizational matters 

1996/225    Participation of intergovernmental    24 June 1996  VII.A     220
            organizations in the work of the
            Economic and Social Council 

1996/226    Commemoration of the fiftieth         10 July 1996  IV.C b/
            anniversary of the operations of
            the United Nations Children's Fund 

1996/227    Reports considered by the Economic    10 July 1996  IV.A b/
            and Social Council in connection
            with the question of follow-up to
            policy recommendations of the
            General Assembly 

1996/228    Reports of the Executive Boards of    10 July 1996  IV.C b/
            the United Nations Development Fund/
            United Nations Population Fund, the
            United Nations Children's Fund and
            the World Food Programme considered
            by the Economic and Social Council 

1996/229    Report of the Committee for           11 July 1996  V.B     125
            Development Planning on its
            thirtieth session 

1996/230    Matters relating to the third and     11 July 1996  V.B.1   129
            fourth sessions of the Ad Hoc
            Intergovernmental Panel on Forests

1996/231    Report of the Commission on           11 July 1996  V.B.1   129
            Sustainable Development on its
            fourth session and provisional
            agenda for the fifth session of
            the Commission 

1996/232    Review and analysis of agrarian       12 July 1996  V.B.3   131
            reform and rural development 

1996/233    Report of the Secretary-General on    15 July 1996  V.B.7   147
            the seventh meeting of the Ad Hoc
            Group of Experts on International
            Cooperation in Tax Matters 

1996/234    Report of the Commission on           17 July 1996  V.B.6   146
            Population and Development on its
            twenty-ninth session and 
            provisional agenda for the
            thirtieth session of the Commission

1996/235    Venue of the twenty-seventh session   18 July 1996  V.C     159
            of the Economic Commission for 
            Latin America and the Caribbean 

1996/236    Documents considered by the Economic  18 July 1996  V.C     160
            and Social Council in connection
            with the question of regional
            cooperation in the economic, social
            and related fields 

1996/237    Reports considered by the Economic    19 July 1996  V.A.1      8
            and Social Council under special
            economic, humanitarian and disaster
            relief assistance 

1996/238    Report of the United Nations High     19 July 1996  V.A.9    124
            Commissioner for Refugees 

1996/239    Reports considered by the Economic    22 July 1996  V.A.5     50
            and Social Council under the
            question of the advancement of
            women 

1996/240    Renewal of the mandate of the Open-   22 July 1996  V.A.5     51
            ended Working Group on the 
            Elaboration of a Draft Optional
            Protocol to the Convention on the
            Elimination of All Forms of
            Discrimination against Women 

1996/241    Report of the Commission on the       22 July 1996  V.A.5     51
            Status of Women on its fortieth
            session and provisional agenda and
            documentation for the forty-first
            session of the Commission 

1996/242    Establishment of a support group to   22 July 1996  V.A.6     61
            assist the Commission for Social
            Development in the preparations for
            the International Year of Older
            Persons in 1999 

1996/243    Report of the Commission for Social   22 July 1996  V.A.6     61
            Development on its special session
            of 1996 and provisional agenda and
            documentation for the thirty-fifth
            session of the Commission 

1996/244    Organization of the work of the       23 July 1996  V.A.7     98
            sixth session of the Commission on
            Crime Prevention and Criminal
            Justice 

1996/245    Report of the Commission on Crime     23 July 1996  V.A.7     99
            Prevention and Criminal Justice on 
            its fifth session and provisional
            agenda and documentation for the
            sixth session of the Commission 

1996/246    Provisional agenda and                23 July 1996  V.A.8    120
            documentation for the fortieth
            session of the Commission on
            Narcotic Drugs 

1996/247    Report of the International           23 July 1996  V.A.8    121
            Narcotics Control Board 

1996/248    Membership of the Subcommission on    23 July 1996  V.A.8    122
            Illicit Drug Traffic and Related
            Matters in the Near and Middle
            East 

1996/249    Report of the Commission on           23 July 1996  V.A.8    122
            Narcotic Drugs 

1996/250    Report of the Secretary-General on    23 July 1996  V.A.8    122
            the implementation of the United
            Nations System-wide Action Plan on
            Drug Abuse Control 

1996/251    Report of the Secretary-General on    23 July 1996  V.A.2     10
            the implementation of the Programme
            of Action for the Third Decade to
            Combat Racism and Racial
            Discrimination 

1996/252    Report of the Secretary-General on    23 July 1996  V.A.3     14
            assistance to the Palestinian
            people 

1996/253    Reports considered by the Economic    23 July 1996  V.A.4     20
            and Social Council under human
            rights questions 

1996/254    Situation of human rights in          23 July 1996  V.A.4     20
            Burundi 

1996/255    Implementation of the Programme of    23 July 1996  V.A.4     20
            Action for the Third Decade to 
            Combat Racism and Racial 
            Discrimination 

1996/256    Question of the realization in all    23 July 1996  V.A.4     21
            countries of the economic, social
            and cultural rights contained in 
            the Universal Declaration of Human
            Rights and in the International 
            Covenant on Economic, Social and
            Cultural Rights, and study of
            special problems which the
            developing countries face in their
            efforts to achieve these human 
            rights 

1996/257    Effects on the full enjoyment of      23 July 1996  V.A.4     21
            human rights of the economic
            adjustment policies arising from
            foreign debt and, in particular, on
            the implementation of the
            Declaration on the Right to
            Development 

1996/258    The right to development              23 July 1996  V.A.4     21

1996/259    Measures to combat contemporary       23 July 1996  V.A.4     22
            forms of racism, racial 
            discrimination, xenophobia and
            related intolerance 

1996/260    Implementation of the Declaration     23 July 1996  V.A.4     23
            on the Elimination of All Forms of
            Intolerance and of Discrimination
            Based on Religion or Belief 

1996/261    Human rights of persons with          23 July 1996  V.A.4     23
            disabilities 

1996/262    Human rights and forensic science     23 July 1996  V.A.4     23

1996/263    Torture and other cruel, inhuman or   23 July 1996  V.A.4     23
            degrading treatment or punishment 

1996/264    Report of the Working Group on        23 July 1996  V.A.4     24
            Indigenous Populations of the
            Subcommission on Prevention of
            Discrimination and Protection of
            Minorities 

1996/265    National institutions for the         23 July 1996  V.A.4     24
            promotion and protection of 
            human rights 

1996/266    Right to freedom of opinion and       23 July 1996  V.A.4     24
            expression 

1996/267    Assistance to States in               23 July 1996  V.A.4     24
            strengthening the rule of law 

1996/268    Assistance to Somalia in the field    23 July 1996  V.A.4     25
            of human rights 

1996/269    Situation of human rights in Haiti    23 July 1996  V.A.4     25

1996/270    Assistance to Guatemala in the        23 July 1996  V.A.4     25
            field of human rights 

1996/271    Regional arrangements for the         23 July 1996  V.A.4     25
            promotion and protection of human
            rights in the Asia and Pacific
            region 

1996/272    Composition of the staff of the       23 July 1996  V.A.4     25
            Centre for Human Rights 

1996/273    Situation of human rights in          23 July 1996  V.A.4     26
            Equatorial Guinea 

1996/274    Human rights situation in southern    23 July 1996  V.A.4     26
            Lebanon and West Bekaa 

1996/275    Situation of human rights in Cuba     23 July 1996  V.A.4     26

1996/276    Situation of human rights in the      23 July 1996  V.A.4     26
            Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina,
            the Republic of Croatia and the
            Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
            (Serbia and Montenegro) 

1996/277    Situation of human rights in Iraq     23 July 1996  V.A.4     27

1996/278    Situation of human rights in the      23 July 1996  V.A.4     27
            Sudan 

1996/279    Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary   24 July 1996  V.A.4     27
            executions 

1996/280    Situation of human rights in          24 July 1996  V.A.4     27
            Afghanistan 

1996/281    Situation of human rights in Rwanda   24 July 1996  V.A.4     28

1996/282    Situation of human rights in Zaire    24 July 1996  V.A.4     28

1996/283    Comprehensive implementation of and   24 July 1996  V.A.4     28
            follow-up to the Vienna Declaration
            and Programme of Action 

1996/284    Situation of human rights in Nigeria  24 July 1996  V.A.4     28

1996/285    Situation of human rights in Myanmar  24 July 1996  V.A.4     29

1996/286    Evaluation of the human rights        24 July 1996  V.A.4     29
            programme of the United Nations
            system, in accordance with the 
            Vienna Declaration and Programme of
            Action 

1996/287    Situation of human rights in the      24 July 1996  V.A.4     29
            Islamic Republic of Iran 

1996/288    Rights of the Child                   24 July 1996  V.A.4     29

1996/289    Effects of structural adjustment      24 July 1996  V.A.4     30
            programmes on the full enjoyment
            of human rights 

1996/290    Forced evictions                      24 July 1996  V.A.4     30

1996/291    Systematic rape and sexual slavery    24 July 1996  V.A.4     31
            during periods of armed conflict 

1996/292    Human rights dimensions of            24 July 1996  V.A.4     31
            population transfer, including
            the implementation of settlers
            and settlements 

1996/293    Study on treaties, agreements and     24 July 1996  V.A.4     31
            other constructive arrangements
            between States and indigenous
            populations 

1996/294    Dates of the fifty-third session of   24 July 1996  V.A.4     32
            of the Commission on Human Rights 

1996/295    Organization of the work of the       24 July 1996  V.A.4     32
            fifty-third session of the
            Commission on Human Rights 

1996/296    Cooperation agreement between the     24 July 1996  V.E      165
            United Nations and the
            International Organization for
            Migration 

1996/297    Non-governmental organizations        25 July 1996  V.F      187

1996/298    Elections, appointments,              25 July 1996  VI       201
            nominations and confirmations 

1996/299    Dates of sessions of the Economic     25 July 1996  V.G      188
            and Social Council and its
            subsidiary bodies in 1997 

1996/300    Resumption of the substantive         26 July 1996  VII.A    220
            session of 1996 of the Economic and
            Social Council 

1996/301    Periodicity of amendments to the      26 July 1996  V.B.1    130
            Recommendations on the Transport of
            Dangerous Goods 

1996/302    Non-governmental organizations on     26 July 1996  V.B.1    130
            the Roster for the purposes of the
            work of the Commission on
            Sustainable Development    

1996/303    Recommendations of the Committee on   26 July 1996  V.B.5    140
            New and Renewable Sources of Energy
            and on Energy for Development at
            its second session 

1996/304    Report of the Committee on New and    26 July 1996  V.B.5    141
            Renewable Sources of Energy and on
            Energy for Development on its second
            session and provisional agenda and
            documentation for the third session
            of the Committee 

1996/305    Follow-up to General Assembly         26 July 1996  V.B.9    151
            resolution 50/106:  business and
            development 

1996/306    Report of the Committee on Natural    25 July 1996  V.B.4    135
            Resources on its third session and
            provisional agenda and
            documentation for the fourth
            session of the Committee 

1996/307    Duration of future sessions of the    25 July 1996  V.B.4    137
            Committee on Natural Resources 


                                     Notes

a/   Chapter and section of the present report in which the text of the
resolution or decision appears.

b/   See part I of the present report.
 

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